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Theses/Dissertations

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

2012

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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Near-Wake Flow Dynamics Of A Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine, Pooyan Hashemi Tari Dec 2012

Near-Wake Flow Dynamics Of A Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine, Pooyan Hashemi Tari

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Experiments have been conducted in a large wind tunnel set-up in order to study the flow structures within the near-wake region of a horizontal axis wind turbine. Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) has been employed to quantify the mean and turbulent components of the flow field. The measurements have been performed in multiple adjacent horizontal planes in order to cover the area behind the rotor in a large radial interval, at several locations downstream of the rotor. The measurements were phase-locked in order to facilitate the re-construction of the three-dimensional flow field. Acquiring uniform particle distribution in the measurement planes as ...


Effect Of Liquid-Solid Contact On Thermal Cracking Of Heavy Hydrocarbons In A Mechanically Fluidized Reactor, Mitesh C. Chaudhari Dec 2012

Effect Of Liquid-Solid Contact On Thermal Cracking Of Heavy Hydrocarbons In A Mechanically Fluidized Reactor, Mitesh C. Chaudhari

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The aim of the thesis was to study the effect of liquid-solid contact on the thermal cracking of heavy hydrocarbons carried out in Fluid Cokers. The research has been carried out using a Mechanically Fluidized Reactor (MFR) in which the operating conditions of the Fluid CokingTM reactions can be simulated and monitored. The first part of the research, aimed at investigating the effect of agitation on liquid-solid contact, which was carried out by changing the rotation speed of the agitator of the MFR for both non-reactive as well as for reactive systems. In both situations, it was observed that ...


Automatic Assessment Of Cardiac Left Ventricular Function Via Magnetic Resonance Images, Mariam Afshin Dec 2012

Automatic Assessment Of Cardiac Left Ventricular Function Via Magnetic Resonance Images, Mariam Afshin

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Automating global and segmental (regional) assessments of cardiac Left Ventricle (LV) function in Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI) has recently sparked an impressive research effort, which has resulted a number of techniques delivering promising performances. However, despite such an effort, the problem is still acknowledged to be challenging, with substantial room for improvements in regard to accuracy. Furthermore, most of the existing techniques are labour intensive, requiring delineations of the endo- and/or epi-cardial boundaries in all frames of a cardiac sequence.

On the one hand, global assessments of LV function focus on estimation of the Ejection Fraction (EF), which quantifies ...


Properties And Applications Of Sensory Outcome Measures In Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Derek Km Cheung Dec 2012

Properties And Applications Of Sensory Outcome Measures In Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Derek Km Cheung

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis aimed to determine the psychometric properties and applications of sensory threshold tools and outcome measures in patients with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS). The first chapter is a psychometric study that defines clinically important difference (CID), construct validity and responsiveness of touch and vibration threshold tools and in the Symptoms Severity Scale (SSS). The study found the CID for the PSSD and for the SSS was 0.15g/mm2 and 0.50 respectively. The study also found that the Vibrometer was more representative of hand function and responsive compared PSSD. The second objective of this thesis was to ...


System Of Terrain Analysis, Energy Estimation And Path Planning For Planetary Exploration By Robot Teams, David C. Michel Dec 2012

System Of Terrain Analysis, Energy Estimation And Path Planning For Planetary Exploration By Robot Teams, David C. Michel

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

NASA’s long term plans involve a return to manned moon missions, and eventually sending humans to mars. The focus of this project is the use of autonomous mobile robotics to enhance these endeavors. This research details the creation of a system of terrain classification, energy of traversal estimation and low cost path planning for teams of inexpensive and potentially expendable robots.

The first stage of this project was the creation of a model which estimates the energy requirements of the traversal of varying terrain types for a six wheel rocker-bogie rover. The wheel/soil interaction model uses Shibly’s ...


Single-Stage Power Electronic Converters With Combined Voltage Step-Up/Step-Down Capability, Navid Golbon Dec 2012

Single-Stage Power Electronic Converters With Combined Voltage Step-Up/Step-Down Capability, Navid Golbon

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Power electronic converters are typically either step-down converters that take an input voltage and produce an output voltage of low amplitude or step-up converters that take an input voltage and produce an output voltage of higher amplitude. There are, however, applications where a converter that can step-up voltage or step-down voltage can be very useful, such as in applications where a converter needs to operate under a wide range of input and output voltage conditions such as a grid-connected solar inverter. Such converters, however, are not as common as converters that can only step down or step up voltage because ...


Optimal Inertial Sensor Placement And Motion Detection For Epileptic Seizure Patient Monitoring, Babak Kamalizonouzi Dec 2012

Optimal Inertial Sensor Placement And Motion Detection For Epileptic Seizure Patient Monitoring, Babak Kamalizonouzi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Use of inertial sensory systems to monitor and detect seizure episodes in patients suffering from epilepsy is investigated via numerical simulations and experiments. Numerical simulations employ a mathematical model that is able to predict human body dynamic responses during a typical epileptic seizure. An optimized inertial sensor placement procedure is developed to address achievement of highest possible sensing resolution in determining angular accelerations with minimal errors. In addition, a joint torque estimation procedure is formulated to assist in the future development of a possible detection scheme. Experimental motion data obtained from an epileptic seizure patient as well as a healthy ...


Novel Control And Harmonics Impact Of Pv Solar Farms, Byomakesh Das Dec 2012

Novel Control And Harmonics Impact Of Pv Solar Farms, Byomakesh Das

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis presents a novel application of Photovoltaic (PV) solar system inverter, both during night and day, as a dynamic reactive power compensator STATCOM. This technology, termed PV-STATCOM, is designed and developed for power factor correction in the networks of two utilities: Bluewater Power, Sarnia, and London Hydro. This thesis further describes for the first time, the harmonic impact studies on a utility distribution network in presence of the largest PV solar farm in Canada.

This novel utilization of a PV-STATCOM for power factor correction of induction motor loads is demonstrated with (i) electromagnetic transient simulation in EMTDC/PSCAD software ...


Photocalytic Degradation Of Malic Acid Under Thin Coated Tio2, Vanessa Silveira Rodgher Dec 2012

Photocalytic Degradation Of Malic Acid Under Thin Coated Tio2, Vanessa Silveira Rodgher

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Opaque fluids have a limited irradiation transmission. Thus, their decontamination employing near UV irradiation poses significant technical challenges. In the present study, a thin UV-transparent/waterproof glue layer coated with a 1.5 wt% of TiO2 and a new PhotoReactor Cell were implemented. TiO2 irradiation in the PhotoReactor Cell was effected on the TiO2 particle side, not directly in contact with the fluid, allowing the postulation of an “h+” site mobility mechanism on photocatalysis.

Photocatalytic degradation experiments with malic and malonic acid in water at 10, 20, 30 and 40 ppm showed the complete degradation of malic ...


Impact Of Bioparticle Recirculation In A Circulating Fluidized Bed Biofilm Reactor On Simultaneous Organic And Nitrogen Removal, Ming Li Dec 2012

Impact Of Bioparticle Recirculation In A Circulating Fluidized Bed Biofilm Reactor On Simultaneous Organic And Nitrogen Removal, Ming Li

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The Circulating Fluidized Bed Biofilm Reactor (CFBBR), a bioparticle technology designed for biological nutrient removal, has been implemented to achieve considerable biodegradation efficiency and low sludge production, compared with activated sludge system and typical biofilm technology. The inherent advantages of bioparticle technology are enhanced substantially by the CFBBR, for example, decoupling of hydraulic retention time (HRT) from solids retention time (SRT), large specific surface area, ideal conditions for biofilm ecosystem.

In this work, bioparticle recirculation, as a novel control method for bioparticle system, was demonstrated in CFBBRs. To verify the impact of bioparticle recirculation on the reactor performance, bio-kinetics and ...


Parametric Study On A Novel Waste Heat Recovery System, Ghaleb Rustom Abdul Sater Dec 2012

Parametric Study On A Novel Waste Heat Recovery System, Ghaleb Rustom Abdul Sater

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The present thesis is based on an industry-sponsor project involving a novel waste heat-to-electricity conversion system. This proprietary system utilizes thermal energy from a low temperature heat sources to produce torque that drives an electric generator to produce electricity. The system needs to be studied through scientific research to help with optimizing the product development, component design, and overall system performance. The main objectives of this study are to develop simulation tools (numerical model) that will allow to simulate the thermo-fluid processes in various system components and to use this numerical model to study the heat transfer and phase-change processes ...


Development Of A Compact Piezoworm Actuator For Mr Guided Medical Procedures, Khaled El Bannan Dec 2012

Development Of A Compact Piezoworm Actuator For Mr Guided Medical Procedures, Khaled El Bannan

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In this research, a novel piezoelectric actuator was developed to operate safely inside the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machine. The actuator based on novel design that generates linear and rotary motion simultaneously for higher needle insertion accuracy. One of the research main objectives is to aid in the selection of suitable materials for actuators used in this challenging environment. Usually only nonmagnetic materials are used in this extremely high magnetic environment. These materials are classified as MRI compatible materials and are selected to avoid hazardous conditions and image quality degradation. But unfortunately many inert materials to the magnetic field do ...


The Near Wake Of A European Starling, Adam J. Kirchhefer Dec 2012

The Near Wake Of A European Starling, Adam J. Kirchhefer

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The wake of a freely flying European starling (Sturnus vulgaris) was measured using high speed, time-resolved, particle image velocimetry, simultaneously with high speed cameras which imaged the bird. These measurements have been used to generate vector maps in the near wake that can be associated with the bird’s location and wing configuration. A kinematic analysis has been performed on select sequences of measurements to characterize the motion of the bird, as well as provide a point of comparison between the bird of the present study and other birds or flapping wings. Time series of measurements have been expressed as ...


Passive And Semi-Active Structure-Multiple Tuned Liquid Damper Systems, Islam Soliman Dec 2012

Passive And Semi-Active Structure-Multiple Tuned Liquid Damper Systems, Islam Soliman

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The resonant vibration motion of tall buildings due to dynamic loading, such as wind storms and earthquakes, can be reduced by adding passive dynamic vibration absorbers (DVAs). A single sway mode of vibration is usually considered, however, for certain structures, multiple modes may need to be suppressed. Furthermore, the location of the TLD on the floor plate is important for certain modes, such as the torsional mode. As a result, a three dimensional finite element structure-TLD system model capable of dynamically analyzing a 3D structure is developed and validated. Two different nonlinear TLD models are considered. A full dynamic analysis ...


Topographic Influences On Trends And Cycles In Nutrient Export From Forested Catchments On The Precambrian Shield, Samson G. Mengistu Dec 2012

Topographic Influences On Trends And Cycles In Nutrient Export From Forested Catchments On The Precambrian Shield, Samson G. Mengistu

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This dissertation explored topographic controls on spatial and temporal patterns in water yield and nutrient (carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus) export from forested headwater catchments in the Turkey Lakes Watershed in central Ontario, where other factors contributing to differences in water yield and nutrient export, including climate, geology, forest, and soils, are relatively constant. Topographic characteristics, including (a) hydrological flushing potential (expansion of water table into nitrate-N producing areas); (b) hydrological storage potential (area of wetlands, which can alternatively allow water and nutrients to bypass wetlands when storage capacity is filled with water or to trap them when not filled); and ...


Fractional Condensation Of Bio-Oil Vapors, Akhil Tumbalam Gooty Dec 2012

Fractional Condensation Of Bio-Oil Vapors, Akhil Tumbalam Gooty

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The research project described in this thesis deals with an investigation on the fractional condensation of bio-oil vapors to improve the separation of some of the key components of the bio-oil and, consequently, improve the properties and the value of each of the separated product streams.

In the first part, the separation of a mixture of three model compounds of bio-oil from a vapor and carrier gas stream was investigated with the help of a series of three condensers maintained at different temperatures. The practical performance of the fractional condensation train was improved by comparing the experimental results with the ...


Experimental Investigation Of The Fluid Temperature Field And The Thermal Performance Of Insert Devices In A Flat-Plate Solar Collector, Gurveer Singh Sandhu Dec 2012

Experimental Investigation Of The Fluid Temperature Field And The Thermal Performance Of Insert Devices In A Flat-Plate Solar Collector, Gurveer Singh Sandhu

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

An experimental study on the thermal flow behavior inside a flat-plate collector and the impact of insert devices (passive heat transfer enhancement techniques) on the thermal performance of the collector is presented. Temperature fields were obtained for different Reynolds numbers (250-650) and at different inclination angles of the collector. The results show that a stratified flow is developed inside the collector and the warmer fluid restricts itself to the upper portion of the collector only. Various new configurations of the conventional insert devices were tested over a wide range of Reynolds number (200-8000). Comparison of these devices show that in ...


Production Of Bio-Coal And Activated Carbon From Biomass, Diana C. Cruz Dec 2012

Production Of Bio-Coal And Activated Carbon From Biomass, Diana C. Cruz

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The slow pyrolysis of different biomasses (maple wood, birch bark, switch grass, coffee pulp and corn stalk) was studied with the aim to produce a solid pyrolysis product (bio-coal) with promising properties and potential for use in traditional fossil-coal applications. Batch pyrolysis experiments were conducted in a Mechanically Fluidized Reactor (MFR) at temperatures ranging from 143 to 665 oC, which includes the torrefaction temperature range (200-300 oC). The effects of temperature and holding time on bio-coal mass yields were determined. The bio-coals were characterized in detail and a highly-controlled study on bio-coal hygroscopicity is presented. Optimal conditions for ...


Wireless Telemetry System For Implantable Sensors, Kyle G. Fricke Dec 2012

Wireless Telemetry System For Implantable Sensors, Kyle G. Fricke

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Advanced testing of medical treatments involves experimentation on small laboratory animals, such as genetically modified mice. These subjects are used to help researchers develop medication and cures for humans. To understand the effects of the treatments, innovative telemetry systems are developed, that enable remote real-time cardiac monitoring. The latest research in the field of cardiac monitoring has revealed two major limitations with wireless implantable systems: a) the current size of implantable electronics limits the physical size of the system to larger subjects; and b) the systems only interface with one sensor type (e.g., pressure sensor only). This research focuses ...


Development And Evaluation Of A Real-Time Framework For A Portable Assistive Hearing Device, Aleksandar Dimitrov Mihaylov Dec 2012

Development And Evaluation Of A Real-Time Framework For A Portable Assistive Hearing Device, Aleksandar Dimitrov Mihaylov

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Testing and verification of digital hearing aid devices, and the embedded software and algorithms can prove to be a challenging task especially taking into account time-to-market considerations. This thesis describes a PC based, real-time, highly configurable framework for the evaluation of audio algorithms. Implementation of audio processing algorithms on such a platform can provide hearing aid designers and manufacturers the ability to test new and existing processing techniques and collect data about their performance in real-life situations, and without the need to develop a prototype device. The platform is based on the Eurotech Catalyst development kit and the Fedora Linux ...


Wind Field Measurements Around Photovoltaic Panel Arrays Mounted On Large Flat-Roofs, R Nicolas Pratt Dec 2012

Wind Field Measurements Around Photovoltaic Panel Arrays Mounted On Large Flat-Roofs, R Nicolas Pratt

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

An investigation of the wind field around roof-mounted PV arrays has been undertaken, utilizing synchronized TR-PIV and pressure measurements, in order to better understand the mechanisms which result in the aerodynamic loads, most importantly uplift, which act on such arrays. The mean flow is not significantly altered above the array as compared to a bare roof, while Reynolds normal and shear stresses are markedly reduced. Increasing the tilt angle of the array results in a progression from uplifts driven by vortex induced suction, which cause peak uplifts on a bare roof, towards uplifts which are driven primarily by local flow ...


Controlled Synthesis Of One Dimensional Nanostructured Materials And Their Applications As Catalyst Supports In Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells, Mohammad Norouzi Banis Dec 2012

Controlled Synthesis Of One Dimensional Nanostructured Materials And Their Applications As Catalyst Supports In Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells, Mohammad Norouzi Banis

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Nanomaterials have attracted significant interest in the past decade due to their unique structure and properties compared to their bulk counterparts. Nanomaterials-based solutions can address challenges in various technologies such as proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). PEMFC is an innovative energy conversion technology to directly convert chemical energy to electrical energy by using hydrogen as fuel. However, the current PEMFC system still faces significant technological roadblocks which have to be overcome before the system can become economically viable. A major impediment to the commercialization of PEMFC is the high cost of materials and manufacturing and stability, which is primarily ...


Nanomechanics Of Electrospun Nanofibres For Tissue Engineering Of The Tympanic Membrane, Sara Makaremi Dec 2012

Nanomechanics Of Electrospun Nanofibres For Tissue Engineering Of The Tympanic Membrane, Sara Makaremi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The Tympanic Membrane (TM), also known as the eardrum, includes layers of organized collagen nanofibres which play an essential role in sound transmission. Perforations that are caused by infection or accident must be repaired in order to restore hearing. Tympanoplasty is performed using grafts that are prepared from bladder, cartilage, temporal fascia and cadaveric skin. However, since mechanical properties of these grafts do not match those of the original TM, normal hearing is not fully restored. The goal of this study is to develop nanofibrous scaffolds for tissue engineering of the TM in order to circumvent the complications addressed with ...


Investigating The Therapeutic Potential Of Salivary Proteins For Oral Diseases, Dusa Vukosavljevic Dec 2012

Investigating The Therapeutic Potential Of Salivary Proteins For Oral Diseases, Dusa Vukosavljevic

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

ABSTRACT

Saliva is responsible for the formation of the acquired enamel pellicle (AEP), a protein

integument formed as a result of selective adsorption of salivary proteins to the enamel

surface. The AEP demonstrates an important role for modulating dental erosion as a

result of its physical properties, along with its salivary and exogenous protein

composition (Chapter 2). In addition, individual proteins that comprise the AEP have

important physiological functions. Histatin 5 (H5) has potent antifungal effect against C.

albicans, the yeast responsible for the initiation of oral candidiasis. We designed an in

vitro model and found, for the first time ...


Protection And Control Of Active Distribution Networks And Microgrids, Mohammad Amin Zamani Nov 2012

Protection And Control Of Active Distribution Networks And Microgrids, Mohammad Amin Zamani

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis is mainly focused on (i) modeling and control of Electronically Coupled Distributed Energy Resources (EC-DERs) under severe network imbalances and transient incidents, and (ii) protection of active distribution networks and microgrids against different types of faults. In the first part, an enhanced control strategy is proposed to improve the performance of EC-DERs under faults and transient disturbances, in a multi-unit microgrid setting. With the use of proposed control strategy, the host microgrid can ride through network faults, irrespective of whether they take place within the microgrid jurisdiction or impact the upstream grid, and quickly reclaim its pre-fault operating ...


Optimization Of Chiral Separation Of Nadolol By Simulated Moving Bed Technology, Nesma Nehad Hashem Nov 2012

Optimization Of Chiral Separation Of Nadolol By Simulated Moving Bed Technology, Nesma Nehad Hashem

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Simulated Moving Bed (SMB) technology has gained increasing attention as one of the most powerful techniques for chromatographic separations due to its cost-effectiveness and efficiency. Application of SMB technology is especially important in the pharmaceutical industry for production of enantiopure drugs, as required under strict FDA regulations, to avoid possible adverse effects of racemic drugs. In this study, the performance of the SMB process in separation of racemic nadolol on a perphenyl carbamoylated beta cyclodextrin (β-CD) stationary phase was investigated. The equilibrium dispersive model coupled with bi-Langmuir adsorption isotherm and lumped kinetic approximation, constitute the mathematical model used to simulate ...


Situation-Aware Rate And Power Adaptation Techniques For Ieee 802.11, Jay Nadeau Nov 2012

Situation-Aware Rate And Power Adaptation Techniques For Ieee 802.11, Jay Nadeau

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The current generation of IEEE 802.11 Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs) provide multiple data rates from which the different physical (PHY) layers may choose. The rate adaptation algorithm (RAA) is an essential component of 802.11 WLANs which completely determines the data rate a device may use. Some of the key challenges facing data rate selection are the constantly varying wireless channel, selecting the data rate that will result in the maximum throughput, assessing the conditions based on limited feedback and estimating the link conditions at the receiver.

Current RAAs lack the ability to sense their environment and adapt ...


Geometrical Analysis And Modeling Of Craniosynostosis, Sahar Shahbazi Nov 2012

Geometrical Analysis And Modeling Of Craniosynostosis, Sahar Shahbazi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Craniosynostosis is a developmental abnormality in skull growth, due to the fusion of one or more sutures\cite{patho}. To accommodate the growing brain. the skull needs to grow quickly in the first few months of life, and most of the growth of the skull at that time occurs at the sutures. Craniosynostosis occurs when one or more sutures are fused in utero, resulting in an abnormal skull shape. Surgical intervention is usually required at a young age, and remodeling of the skull is done for cosmetic reasons as well as to avoid raised intracranial pressure. In order to study ...


Controlled Synthesis Of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes By Methane Decomposition And Their Application As Heterogeneous Partial Oxidation Catalyst, Inusa Abdullahi Nov 2012

Controlled Synthesis Of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes By Methane Decomposition And Their Application As Heterogeneous Partial Oxidation Catalyst, Inusa Abdullahi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are materials with unique electronic and mechanical properties suitable for a large number of applications. Although, since their discovery many strategies for SWCNT synthesis have been explored, most of these are either tremendously energy intensive or require complex SWNCT purification strategies. These issues have resulted in expensive SWCNT production processes which in turn have hampered the development of a large range of SWCNT applications. This study deals with the controlled growth of SWCNTs from methane decomposition over iron and cobalt catalysts supported on MgO and the application of the CCVD grown SWCNTs as a catalyst for ...


Light And Heat Selective Polymer Nanocomposite Films For Sustainable Greenhouses, Jenna M. Allan Nov 2012

Light And Heat Selective Polymer Nanocomposite Films For Sustainable Greenhouses, Jenna M. Allan

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Ontario greenhouse operations offer the ability to provide safe, local produce year-round. However, energy consumption associated with this service, as well as limited light intensity during winter months, is a significant problem. For this reason quantum dot (QD) nanoparticles and silica aerogel (SA) granules were investigated as potential filler materials for the enhancement of the optical and thermal properties of poly (ethylene-vinyl acetate) (EVA), a common greenhouse plastic, for the concurrent goals of increasing biomass production and reducing energy consumption in greenhouses.

The QDs, synthesized by colloidal chemistry using a single-molecular precursor method, along with commercial SA particles were integrated ...