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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

A Wearable Mechatronic Device For Hand Tremor Monitoring And Suppression: Development And Evaluation, Yue Zhou Dec 2019

A Wearable Mechatronic Device For Hand Tremor Monitoring And Suppression: Development And Evaluation, Yue Zhou

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Tremor, one of the most disabling symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD), significantly affects the quality of life of the individuals who suffer from it. These people live with difficulties with fine motor tasks, such as eating and writing, and suffer from social embarrassment. Traditional medicines are often ineffective, and surgery is highly invasive and risky. The emergence of wearable technology facilitates an externally worn mechatronic tremor suppression device as a potential alternative approach for tremor management. However, no device has been developed for the suppression of finger tremor that has been validated on a human.

It has been reported ...


Exploitation Of Robust Aoa Estimation And Low Overhead Beamforming In Mmwave Mimo System, Yuyan Zhao Nov 2019

Exploitation Of Robust Aoa Estimation And Low Overhead Beamforming In Mmwave Mimo System, Yuyan Zhao

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The limited spectral resource for wireless communications and dramatic proliferation of new applications and services directly necessitate the exploitation of millimeter wave (mmWave) communications. One critical enabling technology for mmWave communications is multi-input multi-output (MIMO), which enables other important physical layer techniques, specifically beamforming and antenna array based angle of arrival (AoA) estimation. Deployment of beamforming and AoA estimation has many challenges. Significant training and feedback overhead is required for beamforming, while conventional AoA estimation methods are not fast or robust. Thus, in this thesis, new algorithms are designed for low overhead beamforming, and robust AoA estimation with significantly reduced ...


Schrödinger Filtering: A Novel Technique For Removing Gradient Artifact From Electroencephalography Data Acquired During Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Gabriel Bruno Benigno Sep 2019

Schrödinger Filtering: A Novel Technique For Removing Gradient Artifact From Electroencephalography Data Acquired During Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Gabriel Bruno Benigno

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Electroencephalography (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) are complementary modalities commonly acquired simultaneously to study brain function with high spatial and temporal resolution. The time-varying gradient fields from fMRI induce massive-amplitude artifacts (GRAs) that overlap in time and frequency with EEG, making GRA removal a challenge for which no satisfactory solution yet exists. We present a new GRA removal method termed Schrödinger filtering (SF). SF is based on semi-classical signal analysis in which a signal is decomposed into a series of energy-based components using the discrete spectrum of the Schrödinger operator. Using a publicly available dataset, we compared our ...


Electroacoustic Assessment Of Hearing Aids And Psaps, Manan Sheel Dec 2018

Electroacoustic Assessment Of Hearing Aids And Psaps, Manan Sheel

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Hearing aids and personal sound amplification products (PSAPs) are commonly used assistive devices for treating hearing loss. Due to the diversity in the hardware and signal processing algorithms in these devices, comprehensive verification of their performance is essential. Existing standards for assistive hearing devices are primarily used for quality control purposes and do not quantify their performance in a perceptually-relevant manner. This thesis developed a comprehensive electroacoustic testing toolbox for hearing devices that encompasses both quality control and perceptually-relevant measures. In particular, a test sequence was developed to assess the effectiveness of noise reduction feature in assistive hearing devices. Several ...


Objective Assessment Of Machine Learning Algorithms For Speech Enhancement In Hearing Aids, Krishnan Parameswaran Dec 2018

Objective Assessment Of Machine Learning Algorithms For Speech Enhancement In Hearing Aids, Krishnan Parameswaran

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Speech enhancement in assistive hearing devices has been an area of research for many decades. Noise reduction is particularly challenging because of the wide variety of noise sources and the non-stationarity of speech and noise. Digital signal processing (DSP) algorithms deployed in modern hearing aids for noise reduction rely on certain assumptions on the statistical properties of undesired signals. This could be disadvantageous in accurate estimation of different noise types, which subsequently leads to suboptimal noise reduction. In this research, a relatively unexplored technique based on deep learning, i.e. Recurrent Neural Network (RNN), is used to perform noise reduction ...


Signal Identification In Discrete-Time Based On Internal-Model-Principle, Jie Chen Aug 2018

Signal Identification In Discrete-Time Based On Internal-Model-Principle, Jie Chen

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This work presents an implementation of a signal identification algorithm which is based on the internal model principle. By using several internal models in feedback with a tuning function, this algorithm can decompose a signal into narrow-band signals and identify the frequencies, amplitudes and relative phases. A desired band-pass filter response can be achieved by selecting appropriate coefficients of the controllers and tuning functions, which can reject the noise and improve the performance. To achieve a result with fast transient characteristics, this system is then modified by adding a low-pass filter. This work is based on the previous work in ...


Learning-Based Reference-Free Speech Quality Assessment For Normal Hearing And Hearing Impaired Applications, Haniyeh Salehi Apr 2018

Learning-Based Reference-Free Speech Quality Assessment For Normal Hearing And Hearing Impaired Applications, Haniyeh Salehi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Accurate speech quality measures are highly attractive and beneficial in the design, fine-tuning, and benchmarking of speech processing algorithms, devices, and communication systems. Switching from narrowband telecommunication to wideband telephony is a change within the telecommunication industry which provides users with better speech quality experience but introduces a number of challenges in speech processing. Noise is the most common distortion on audio signals and as a result there have been a lot of studies on developing high performance noise reduction algorithms. Assistive hearing devices are designed to decrease communication difficulties for people with loss of hearing. As the algorithms within ...


Realtime Implementation Of An Internal-Model-Principle Signal Identifier, Edris Saleh Mohsen Nov 2017

Realtime Implementation Of An Internal-Model-Principle Signal Identifier, Edris Saleh Mohsen

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis presents a new means approach of tuning an adaptive internal model principle based signal identification algorithm whose computational costs are low enough to allow a realtime implementation. The algorithm allows an instantaneous Fourier decomposition of nonstationary signals that have a strongly predictable component. The algorithm is implemented as a feedback loop resulting in a closed loop system with a frequency response of a bandpass filter with notches at the frequencies of the Fourier decomposition. This is achieved through real time selection of the coefficients of the transfer functions in the feedback loop. Previous work showed how the dynamics ...


Predictive Shutdown Systems For Nuclear Power Plants, Drew J. Rankin Jun 2017

Basic Science To Clinical Research: Segmentation Of Ultrasound And Modelling In Clinical Informatics, Ali K. Hamou Apr 2017

Basic Science To Clinical Research: Segmentation Of Ultrasound And Modelling In Clinical Informatics, Ali K. Hamou

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The world of basic science is a world of minutia; it boils down to improving even a fraction of a percent over the baseline standard. It is a domain of peer reviewed fractions of seconds and the world of squeezing every last ounce of efficiency from a processor, a storage medium, or an algorithm. The field of health data is based on extracting knowledge from segments of data that may improve some clinical process or practice guideline to improve the time and quality of care. Clinical informatics and knowledge translation provide this information in order to reveal insights to the ...


Controlling And Processing Core For Wireless Implantable Telemetry System, Naeeme Modir Oct 2016

Controlling And Processing Core For Wireless Implantable Telemetry System, Naeeme Modir

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Wireless implantable telemetry systems are suitable choices for monitoring various physiological parameters such as blood pressure and volume. These systems typically compose of an internal device implanted into a living body captures the physiological data and sends them to an external base station located outside of the body for further processing. The internal device usually consists of a sensor interface to convert the collected data to electrical signals; a digital core to digitize the analog signals, process them and prepare them for transmission; an RF front-end to transmit the data outside the body and to receive the required commands from ...


Towards The Development Of A Wearable Tremor Suppression Glove, Yue Zhou Dec 2015

Towards The Development Of A Wearable Tremor Suppression Glove, Yue Zhou

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Patients diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease (PD) often associate with tremor. Among other symptoms of PD, tremor is the most aggressive symptom and it is difficult to control with traditional treatments. This thesis presents the assessment of Parkinsonian hand tremor in both the time domain and the frequency domain, the performance of a tremor estimator using different tremor models, and the development of a novel mechatronic transmission system for a wearable tremor suppression device. This transmission system functions as a mechatronic splitter that allows a single power source to support multiple independent applications. Unique features of this transmission system include ...


Wireless Device Authentication Techniques Using Physical-Layer Device Fingerprint, Peng Hao Nov 2015

Wireless Device Authentication Techniques Using Physical-Layer Device Fingerprint, Peng Hao

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Due to the open nature of the radio signal propagation medium, wireless communication is inherently more vulnerable to various attacks than wired communication. Consequently, communication security is always one of the critical concerns in wireless networks. Given that the sophisticated adversaries may cover up their malicious behaviors through impersonation of legitimate devices, reliable wireless authentication is becoming indispensable to prevent such impersonation-based attacks through verification of the claimed identities of wireless devices.

Conventional wireless authentication is achieved above the physical layer using upper-layer identities and key-based cryptography. As a result, user authenticity can even be validated for the malicious attackers ...


Adaptive Single-Phase Reclosing In Transmission Lines, Farzad Zhalefar Nov 2015

Adaptive Single-Phase Reclosing In Transmission Lines, Farzad Zhalefar

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This research work is mainly concerned about dealing with temporary short circuit faults in power system transmission lines. In fact, there are two types of electrical faults in power systems, namely temporary and permanent. When a fault is permanent, the only way to clear it is to de-energize the transmission line by opening the associated circuit breakers. However, in many cases the fault is not solid and is caused by objects such as flying birds or broken branches of trees. For these cases, electrical arc plays a major role. For such fault cases, it is also possible to de-energize the ...


Analysis And Compensation Of Power Amplifier Distortions In Wireless Communication Systems, Sharath Manjunath Oct 2015

Analysis And Compensation Of Power Amplifier Distortions In Wireless Communication Systems, Sharath Manjunath

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Wireless communication devices transmit message signals which should possess desirable power levels for quality transmission. Power amplifiers are devices in the wireless transmitters which increase the power of signals to the desired levels, but produce nonlinear distortions due to their saturation property, resulting in degradation of the quality of the transmitted signal. This thesis talks about the analysis and performance of communication systems in presence of power amplifier nonlinear distortions.

First, the thesis studies the effects of power amplifier nonlinear distortions on communication signals and proposes a simplified design for identification and compensation of the distortions at the receiver end ...


Location Estimation In Wireless Communication Systems, Kejun Tong Aug 2015

Location Estimation In Wireless Communication Systems, Kejun Tong

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Localization has become a key enabling technology in many emerging wireless applications and services. One of the most challenging problems in wireless localization technologies is that the performance is easily affected by the signal propagation environment. When the direct path between transmitter and receiver is obstructed, the signal measurement error for the localization process will increase significantly. Considering this problem, we first propose a novel algorithm which can automatically detect and remove the obstruction and improve the localization performance in complex environment. Besides the environmental dependency, the accuracy of target location estimation is highly sensitive to the positions of reference ...


Force Sensing In Arthroscopic Instruments Using Fiber Bragg Gratings, Daniel S. Yurkewich Apr 2015

Force Sensing In Arthroscopic Instruments Using Fiber Bragg Gratings, Daniel S. Yurkewich

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Minimally-invasive surgery has revolutionized many medical procedures; however, it also impedes the ability to feel the interaction between the surgical tool and the anatomical part being operated on. In order to address this problem, it is necessary to obtain accurate measurements of the interaction forces exerted on the surgical tools during surgery. These forces can then be manifested to the surgeon via a haptic device or presented visually (visual-force feedback). This thesis describes the use of a fiber optic device to measure and display to the surgeon interaction forces acting on an arthroscopic tool. The sensorization of the tool involves ...


Methods And Systems For Fault Diagnosis In Nuclear Power Plants, Jianping Ma Apr 2015

Methods And Systems For Fault Diagnosis In Nuclear Power Plants, Jianping Ma

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This research mainly deals with fault diagnosis in nuclear power plants (NPP), based on a framework that integrates contributions from fault scope identification, optimal sensor placement, sensor validation, equipment condition monitoring, and diagnostic reasoning based on pattern analysis. The research has a particular focus on applications where data collected from the existing SCADA (supervisory, control, and data acquisition) system is not sufficient for the fault diagnosis system. Specifically, the following methods and systems are developed.

A sensor placement model is developed to guide optimal placement of sensors in NPPs. The model includes 1) a method to extract a quantitative fault-sensor ...


Monostatic Airborne Synthetic Aperture Radar Using Commercial Wimax Transceivers In The License-Exempt Spectrum, Kai Liu Nov 2014

Monostatic Airborne Synthetic Aperture Radar Using Commercial Wimax Transceivers In The License-Exempt Spectrum, Kai Liu

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The past half-century witnessed an evolution of synthetic aperture radar (SAR). Boosted by digital signal processing (DSP), a variety of SAR imaging algorithms have been developed, in which the wavenumber domain algorithm is mature for airborne SAR and independent of signal waveforms. Apart from the algorithm development, there is a growing interest in how to acquire the raw data of targets’ echoes before the DSP for SAR imaging in a cost-effective way. For the data acquisition, various studies over the past 15 years have shed light on utilizing the signal generated from the ubiquitous broadband wireless technology – orthogonal frequency division ...


Fault Location In Series Compensated Transmission Lines, Tirath Pal Singh Bains Aug 2014

Fault Location In Series Compensated Transmission Lines, Tirath Pal Singh Bains

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Due to the integration of modern technology such as electric vehicles, the emphasis is expected to shift from mechanical to electric power. Therefore, the need of increasing the power transmission capacity of the electric grid gets highlighted. Since, the construction of transmission lines is a tedious task owing to legalities, environmental impacts and high costs, the series compensated transmission lines are gaining popularity due to lesser costs and faster construction time. The series capacitor compensated transmission lines are very crucial lines due to the greater power being transmitted through them. Therefore, an accurate fault location becomes a prerequisite for limiting ...


A Phase-Angle Tracking Method For Synchronization Of Single- And Three-Phase Grid-Connected Converters, Farzam Baradarani Aug 2014

A Phase-Angle Tracking Method For Synchronization Of Single- And Three-Phase Grid-Connected Converters, Farzam Baradarani

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis proposes a phase-angle tracking method, i.e., based on discrete Fourier transform for synchronization of three-phase and single-phase power-electronic converters under distorted and variable-frequency conditions. The proposed methods are designed based on fixed sampling rate and, thus, they can simply be employed for control applications. For three-phase applications, first, analytical analysis are presented to determine the errors associated with the phasor estimation using standard full-cycle discrete Fourier transform in a variable-frequency environment. Then, a robust phase-angle estimation technique is proposed, which is based on a combination of estimated positive and negative sequences, tracked frequency, and two proposed compensation ...


Automated Image Interpretation For Science Autonomy In Robotic Planetary Exploration, Raymond Francis Aug 2014

Automated Image Interpretation For Science Autonomy In Robotic Planetary Exploration, Raymond Francis

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Advances in the capabilities of robotic planetary exploration missions have increased the wealth of scientific data they produce, presenting challenges for mission science and operations imposed by the limits of interplanetary radio communications. These data budget pressures can be relieved by increased robotic autonomy, both for onboard operations tasks and for decision- making in response to science data.

This thesis presents new techniques in automated image interpretation for natural scenes of relevance to planetary science and exploration, and elaborates autonomy scenarios under which they could be used to extend the reach and performance of exploration missions on planetary surfaces.

Two ...


Estimation Of Hidden Markov Models And Their Applications In Finance, Anton Tenyakov Aug 2014

Estimation Of Hidden Markov Models And Their Applications In Finance, Anton Tenyakov

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Movements of financial variables exhibit extreme fluctuations during periods of economic crisis and times of market uncertainty. They are also affected by institutional policies and intervention of regulatory authorities. These structural changes driving prices and other economic indicators can be captured reasonably by models featuring regime-switching capabilities. Hidden Markov models (HMM) modulating the model parameters to incorporate such regime-switching dynamics have been put forward in recent years, but many of them could still be further improved. In this research, we aim to address some of the inadequacies of previous regime-switching models in terms of their capacity to provide better forecasts ...


Human Metaphase Chromosome Analysis Using Image Processing, Akila M.S Subasinghe Arachchige Jul 2014

Human Metaphase Chromosome Analysis Using Image Processing, Akila M.S Subasinghe Arachchige

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Development of an effective human metaphase chromosome analysis algorithm can optimize expert time usage by increasing the efficiency of many clinical diagnosis processes. Although many methods exist in the literature, they are only applicable for limited morphological variations and are specific to the staining method used during cell preparation. They are also highly influenced by irregular chromosome boundaries as well as the presence of artifacts such as premature sister chromatid separation.

Therefore an algorithm is proposed in this research which can operate with any morphological variation of the chromosome across images from multiple staining methods. The proposed algorithm is capable ...


An Accurate Offline Phasor Estimation Technique For Fault Location In Series Compensated Lines, Rubeena Rubeena Jan 2014

An Accurate Offline Phasor Estimation Technique For Fault Location In Series Compensated Lines, Rubeena Rubeena

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In series compensated transmission lines, current and voltage signals measured by the line protection system include considerable sub-synchronous frequency components (SSFCs) which are not sufficiently damped within a typical fault clearing time of line protection system. This does not allow accurate phasor estimation and thereby phasor-based fault location. This paper presents an accurate algorithm which effectively filters out the unwanted frequency components and noise to perform accurate phasor estimation for fault location in series compensated transmission lines. Phasor estimation of a theoretical signal is first evaluated using the proposed method, Direct-Prony analysis and 4-cycle discrete Fourier transform algorithm. Then, various ...


Piezoelectric Transformer And Hall-Effect Based Sensing And Disturbance Monitoring Methodology For High-Voltage Power Supply Lines, Sneha Arun Lele Sep 2013

Piezoelectric Transformer And Hall-Effect Based Sensing And Disturbance Monitoring Methodology For High-Voltage Power Supply Lines, Sneha Arun Lele

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Advancements in relaying algorithms have led to an accurate and robust protection system widely used in power distribution. However, in low power sections of relaying systems, standard voltage and current measurement techniques are still used. These techniques have disadvantages like higher cost, size, electromagnetic interference, resistive losses and measurement errors and hence provide a number of opportunities for improvement and integration. We present a novel microsystem methodology to sense low-power voltage and current signals and detect disturbances in high-voltage power distribution lines. The system employs dual sensor architecture that consists of a piezoelectric transformer in combination with Hall-effect sensor, used ...


Secure Ofdm System Design For Wireless Communications, Hao Li Jun 2013

Secure Ofdm System Design For Wireless Communications, Hao Li

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Wireless communications is widely employed in modern society and plays an increasingly important role in people's daily life. The broadcast nature of radio propagation, however, causes wireless communications particularly vulnerable to malicious attacks, and leads to critical challenges in securing the wireless transmission. Motivated by the insufficiency of traditional approaches to secure wireless communications, physical layer security that is emerging as a complement to the traditional upper-layer security mechanisms is investigated in this dissertation. Five novel techniques toward the physical layer security of wireless communications are proposed. The first two techniques focus on the security risk assessment in wireless ...


Electroacoustic And Behavioural Evaluation Of Hearing Aid Digital Signal Processing Features, David J O Suelzle Apr 2013

Electroacoustic And Behavioural Evaluation Of Hearing Aid Digital Signal Processing Features, David J O Suelzle

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Modern digital hearing aids provide an array of features to improve the user listening experience. As the features become more advanced and interdependent, it becomes increasingly necessary to develop accurate and cost-effective methods to evaluate their performance. Subjective experiments are an accurate method to determine hearing aid performance but they come with a high monetary and time cost. Four studies that develop and evaluate electroacoustic hearing aid feature evaluation techniques are presented. The first study applies a recent speech quality metric to two bilateral wireless hearing aids with various features enabled in a variety of environmental conditions. The study shows ...


Objective And Subjective Evaluation Of Wideband Speech Quality, Nazanin Pourmand Mar 2013

Objective And Subjective Evaluation Of Wideband Speech Quality, Nazanin Pourmand

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Traditional landline and cellular communications use a bandwidth of 300 - 3400 Hz for transmitting speech. This narrow bandwidth impacts quality, intelligibility and naturalness of transmitted speech. There is an impending change within the telecommunication industry towards using wider bandwidth speech, but the enlarged bandwidth also introduces a few challenges in speech processing. Echo and noise are two challenging issues in wideband telephony, due to increased perceptual sensitivity by users.

Subjective and/or objective measurements of speech quality are important in benchmarking speech processing algorithms and evaluating the effect of parameters like noise, echo, and delay in wideband telephony. Subjective measures ...


Development And Evaluation Of A Real-Time Framework For A Portable Assistive Hearing Device, Aleksandar Dimitrov Mihaylov Dec 2012

Development And Evaluation Of A Real-Time Framework For A Portable Assistive Hearing Device, Aleksandar Dimitrov Mihaylov

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Testing and verification of digital hearing aid devices, and the embedded software and algorithms can prove to be a challenging task especially taking into account time-to-market considerations. This thesis describes a PC based, real-time, highly configurable framework for the evaluation of audio algorithms. Implementation of audio processing algorithms on such a platform can provide hearing aid designers and manufacturers the ability to test new and existing processing techniques and collect data about their performance in real-life situations, and without the need to develop a prototype device. The platform is based on the Eurotech Catalyst development kit and the Fedora Linux ...