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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Experimental And Numerical Evaluation Of A Novel Piling System For Sound Wall Applications, Daniel Mroz Sep 2019

Experimental And Numerical Evaluation Of A Novel Piling System For Sound Wall Applications, Daniel Mroz

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Drilled shafts are conventionally used as foundations for sound walls. However, steel piles can provide faster installation and immediate utilization. The purpose of this research program is to evaluate a novel pile concept which comprises an H-pile modified to better resist typical load patterns faced by sound wall piles including lateral force and moment from wind and uplift force from adfreeze. The modifications include one or two plates welded to the pile and soil anchors (nodes) welded along the pile flange.

A full-scale pile load testing program was performed on sixteen piles which included monotonic and cyclic lateral load tests ...


Advances In Design Methodology In Swelling Shale Rock In Southern Ontario, Thomas R.A. Lardner Mar 2019

Advances In Design Methodology In Swelling Shale Rock In Southern Ontario, Thomas R.A. Lardner

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

As infrastructure requirements increase in southern Ontario, excavations within swelling rock formations will become more frequent and larger. The objective of this study is to advance design capability for structures in swelling rock through three aspects: i) developing a practical swelling model for design engineers, ii) investigate two crushable/compressible materials for the mitigation of swelling rock effects, and iii) observe and analyze the behaviour of swelling rock to current excavation techniques.

A swelling rock constitutive model has been developed. The swelling parameters include the horizontal and vertical free swell potential, threshold stress, and critical stress as well as a ...


Robust Earthquake Site Classification Assessment At Ontario Bridge Sites., Alex Bilson Darko Nov 2018

Robust Earthquake Site Classification Assessment At Ontario Bridge Sites., Alex Bilson Darko

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Canadian seismic design guidelines classify subsurface ground conditions based on the average shear-wave velocity (VS) of the upper 30 meters (VS30). We seek to optimize a robust earthquake site classification procedure for Ontario bridge sites, assessed primarily from blind comparison of non-invasive VS depth profiling techniques. Non-invasive seismic testing is performed at 10 bridge sites in southern Ontario co-located with invasive penetration and/or borehole VS measurements. Non-invasive surface wave dispersion and site amplification functions are jointly inverted to retrieve VS profiles at each site. A general correlation between corrected VS and cone tip ...


A Study On Chemical Grouting Of Quartz Sand, Bingfeng Xue May 2018

A Study On Chemical Grouting Of Quartz Sand, Bingfeng Xue

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Chemical grouting has been used in engineering projects for decades. The primary objectives of chemical grouting in geotechnical engineering projects are to increase the soil strength, to decrease the soil permeability, and to control deformations of in-situ soil. In the design and applications of chemical grouting, laboratory testing of chemical grouted samples is an important step for the feasibility assessment.

The advantages of sodium silicate grout include high penetrability, flexible set times, and environmentally friendly, which makes it one of the most employed grouts in applications. Recently, an innovative sodium silicate, which has the silica to alkali ratio of 4 ...


Bi-Directional Cyclic Behaviour And Liquefaction Analysis Of A Silica-Carbonate Sand, Keyvan Mirbaha Oct 2017

Bi-Directional Cyclic Behaviour And Liquefaction Analysis Of A Silica-Carbonate Sand, Keyvan Mirbaha

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The cyclic behavior and liquefaction behavior of reconstituted samples of a local silica-carbonate sand are examined by performing monotonic and cyclic simple shear tests in addition to bender element shear wave velocity measurements. Shear wave velocity was found to vary with effective overburden stresses by an average power of 0.25. Maximum shear modulus (Gmax) was also computed from the shear wave velocity measurements and a correlation was developed between Gmax, effective stress and void ratio. Small strain and cyclic strain dependent shear modulus of the soil were determined, and shear modulus reduction curves were obtained. The results ...


Seismic Performance Of Steel Helical Piles, Moustafa K. El-Sawy Oct 2017

Seismic Performance Of Steel Helical Piles, Moustafa K. El-Sawy

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Recent earthquakes have highlighted the need for safe and efficient construction of earthquake resilient structures. Meanwhile, helical piles are gaining popularity as a foundation for new structures and retrofitting solution for existing deficient foundations due to their immense advantages over conventional driven pile alternatives. In addition, helical pile foundations performed well in recent earthquakes, proving they can be a suitable foundation option in seismic regions. The objective of this thesis is to evaluate the seismic performance of helical piles by conducting full-scale shaking table tests and nonlinear three-dimensional numerical modeling using the computer program ABAQUS/Standard. The experimental setup involved ...


A Study On Hydraulic Conductivity Of Fine Oil Sand Tailings, Mingyue Liu Sep 2017

A Study On Hydraulic Conductivity Of Fine Oil Sand Tailings, Mingyue Liu

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In oil sand waste tailings pond, the gravity segregation takes place, where coarse particles settle relatively more quickly than fine particles, and a stable suspension, known as the mature fine tailings (MFT), is formed. Compression of MFT appears to be very slow, and MFT remains suspended in tailings pond for decades due to the low permeability. Large volumes of MFT continually accumulate in tailings ponds, and therefore MFT storage requires a large containment pond, which generates environmental concerns and leads to MFT management challenges. Hydraulic conductivity is one of the most important properties of MFT because it controls consolidation behaviors ...


Static And Dynamic Properties Of Controlled Low-Strength Materials Incorporating Treated Oil Sands Waste, Ahmed Mneina Aug 2017

Static And Dynamic Properties Of Controlled Low-Strength Materials Incorporating Treated Oil Sands Waste, Ahmed Mneina

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Controlled Low-Strength Materials (CLSM) is a self-compacted self-leveling cementitious material with compressive strength of 8.3 MPa or less. It is used as an alternative of soil backfill materials in geotechnical and infrastructure applications. This study investigates the effects of incorporating treated oil sand wastes (TOSW) as a partial replacement of sand or fly ash on fresh and hardened properties of CLSM. In addition, the environmental impact of the proposed new mixtures was evaluated. The results show that CLSM mixtures incorporating TOSW had satisfied the limits and requirements of ACI committee 229 for CLSM with no environmental hazards. The incorporation ...


Liquefaction Susceptibility Analysis Of Fraser River Sand In Miniature Cone Penetration Tests And Cyclic Direct Simple Shear Tests, Stephen Jones Aug 2017

Liquefaction Susceptibility Analysis Of Fraser River Sand In Miniature Cone Penetration Tests And Cyclic Direct Simple Shear Tests, Stephen Jones

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The cone penetration test (CPT) and, its geophone-equipped form, the seismic cone penetration test (SCPT) are increasingly used site investigation techniques to determine in-situ geotechnical properties of soil profiles as well as liquefaction susceptibility in seismically active locations. The use of experimental techniques, most notably miniature cone penetration testing (MCPT), can be used to recreate these in-situ tests in a controlled laboratory setting.

In this study, MCPT tests are completed using Fraser River sand to determine cone tip and sleeve frictional resistances as well as shear wave velocity measurements and are validated using in-situ SCPT tests and existing soil classification ...


Liquefaction Assessment Of Carbonate-Silica Silty Sands Using Energy, State Parameter And Shear Wave Velocity, Naemeh Naghavi Jul 2017

Liquefaction Assessment Of Carbonate-Silica Silty Sands Using Energy, State Parameter And Shear Wave Velocity, Naemeh Naghavi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The liquefaction behaviour and dynamic properties of reconstituted natural carbonate-silica silty sand samples were investigated in a series of monotonic and cyclic triaxial tests. The critical state parameters of the mixtures with different levels of fines were obtained through monotonic triaxial compression tests. Bender element tests were performed at the consolidation stage to characterize soil’s initial state and small strain properties. The results demonstrated that soil contraction capacity, liquefaction potential and undrained brittleness increase by increasing the state parameter. A general correlation between shear wave velocity and state parameter was established. The susceptibility and triggering of liquefaction under cyclic ...


Comparative Investigation Of Bored And Continuous Flight Auger Piles With Consideration Of Green Concrete, Mahmoud Kassem Jun 2017

Comparative Investigation Of Bored And Continuous Flight Auger Piles With Consideration Of Green Concrete, Mahmoud Kassem

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Bored and continuous flight auger (CFA) piles are two widely used cast in place reinforced concrete pile types that are constructed employing different techniques, which affect their performance and capacity. However, both are classified as non-displacement piles and are designed accordingly using the same method. Therefore, the objective of this work is to comparatively investigate the axial and lateral performance of bored and CFA piles installed in sand. In addition, the potential of constructing sustainable piles utilizing green concrete mixture that incorporates treated oil sand waste (TOSW) was investigated. Fresh and hardened properties along with durability performance of CFA concrete ...


Electrokinetic Consolidation Of Oil Sands Tailings: An Experimental And Numerical Study, Yu Guo May 2017

Electrokinetic Consolidation Of Oil Sands Tailings: An Experimental And Numerical Study, Yu Guo

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The management of fine oil sands tailings, known as mature fine tailings (MFT), is a major challenge for the oil industry in the Northern Alberta, Canada. Dewatering and consolidation of MFT are slow and time consuming due to high water content and low permeability of MFT. The electrokinetic (EK) dewatering treatment has shown to be effective on oil sands tailings based on the results of previous researches. Therefore, this thesis is focusing on experimental and numerical studies of EK dewatering of oil sands tailings. The thesis includes three parts, i.e., EK dewatering of oil sands tailings and kaolinite slurry ...


Channel Form And Processes In A Formerly Glaciated Terrain, Nathaniel Bergman Nov 2016

Channel Form And Processes In A Formerly Glaciated Terrain, Nathaniel Bergman

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Despite that many places around the world in general, and North America in particular, were glaciated during the last ice age, relatively little is known about rivers that evolved over these landscapes once they deglaciated. These rivers are commonly categorized as alluvial with a glacial legacy, and often described as plain gravel-bed or sand-bed rivers. Alternatively, they are considered to be bedrock rivers when the glacial deposits were eroded and underlying rock was exposed. However, ignoring the glacial history of these rivers is scientifically wrong and they should be termed "semi-alluvial". This work shows that classification is important, not only ...


Foundation Effects Of Trees Under Wind Loads, Padmavathi Venkata Sagi Oct 2016

Foundation Effects Of Trees Under Wind Loads, Padmavathi Venkata Sagi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Winching tests were conducted on a mature 24-year-old Norway spruce tree. The tree was instrumented with strain gauges along the root structure and tilt sensors along the tree stem and was winched to failure. Tracked tree-root system response to failure load and the material properties of the tree-root-soil system were used to examine the applicability of simple engineering principles to tree stability analysis. Tree stability was studied using the principles of Winkler foundation model for the first time. In order to study the very complex windthrow phenomenon, a novel experimental technique was used. Tree saplings with complete structural root systems ...


Time-Dependent Behaviour Of Micro-Tunneling Construction In Queenston Shale, Hayder Mohammed Salim Al-Maamori Aug 2016

Time-Dependent Behaviour Of Micro-Tunneling Construction In Queenston Shale, Hayder Mohammed Salim Al-Maamori

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The Queenston shale among other shales from southern Ontario exhibits time-dependent deformation behaviour. This behaviour is manifested in the form of volume increase which can cause damages to the hosted underground structures. The time-dependent deformation of rocks can cause cracks in the springline of tunnels, wall inward movement, roof spalling and floor heave, which requires costly remedial measures. The expansion of the existing infrastructures in southern Ontario requires construction techniques, such as micro-tunneling to build new tunnels and pipelines under the existing structures with minimal impact to these structures and to the environment. However, adopting this technique in swelling rocks ...


Electrokinetics And Vacuum Combined Dewatering Of Oil Sand Tailings, Rui Zhang Jun 2016

Electrokinetics And Vacuum Combined Dewatering Of Oil Sand Tailings, Rui Zhang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

One of the challenges faced by the oil sand industry is the dewatering of mature fine oil sands tailings (MFT) due to the low permeability. Vacuum pressure or electrokinetic (EK) dewatering is effective to meet this objective. This research was focused on the experimental study and analytical modelling to explore the influence of combined vacuum and EK treatment on MFT. In this study, systematical experiments on MFT recovered from the northern Alberta were carried out. At first, the characterization and EK cell tests were conducted to measure the basic properties and the coefficient of electroosmotic permeability (ke) of MFT. Secondly ...


Evaluation Of Fatigue Response Of A Carbonate Clay Till Beneath Wind Turbine Foundation, Jordan A. Kiss May 2016

Evaluation Of Fatigue Response Of A Carbonate Clay Till Beneath Wind Turbine Foundation, Jordan A. Kiss

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis describes full-scale field monitoring and analysis of an onshore shallow wind turbine foundation and an associated laboratory testing program. The aim of the study was to investigate the soil-structure interaction under coupled cyclic vertical-horizontal-moment loading. This involved simulating the soil element behavior in controlled laboratory tests, evaluating the accumulated cyclic soil damage and correlating this with the observed wind and turbine responses. The results form an important part of the ‘wind-chain’, providing information for optimizing the performance of wind turbines, extending their operational lifespans and potentially for development of structural health monitoring systems. The field monitoring systems for ...


Seismic Vulnerability Of Buried Energy Pipelines In Northern Canada, Behrang Dadfar May 2016

Seismic Vulnerability Of Buried Energy Pipelines In Northern Canada, Behrang Dadfar

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Permafrost in Canada’s North covers the terrain either continuously or discontinuously. Geological hazards associated with the presence of permafrost are serious barriers against development of the northern hydrocarbon resources. In recent decades, negative effects of geohazards such as frost heave, thaw settlement, slope instability on the safety of northern pipelines are widely studied; however, those of the seismic events are not. During earthquakes, buried pipelines may suffer damage from the induced transient ground deformations (TGD) and/or permanent ground deformations (PGD). While the former is caused by seismic wave propagation, the latter can result from liquefaction, faulting and landslides ...


Numerical Modelling Of Wind Turbine Foundations Subjected To Combined Loading, Venkatesh Madhukar Deshpande Apr 2016

Numerical Modelling Of Wind Turbine Foundations Subjected To Combined Loading, Venkatesh Madhukar Deshpande

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

With the growing wind industry in Canada, it has become important to optimize wind turbine foundation design. Wind turbine foundations are subjected to combinations of vertical, horizontal and moment loads due to vertical self-weight of the structure and soil surcharge. Additionally, there are significant lateral loads and overturning moments attributed to varying wind forces acting at considerable tower heights above the ground level. In this thesis, the undrained bearing capacity response of circular & octagonal foundations subjected to combined loading is calculated using finite element analyses. Previous works have mostly focused on circular foundations. An octagonal foundation of the style typically ...


Application Of Treated Oil Sands Drill Cuttings Waste In Micropiles Construction, Moustafa Ahmed Raafat Mohamed Aboutabikh Jan 2016

Application Of Treated Oil Sands Drill Cuttings Waste In Micropiles Construction, Moustafa Ahmed Raafat Mohamed Aboutabikh

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

A micropile is constructed by drilling a hole, placing a steel reinforcing element, grouting it using neat cement. However, cement production consumes energy and generates carbon dioxide. Implementing waste materials in construction applications represents a sustainable solution for many waste management problems. On the other hand, oil sands drill cuttings waste represents one of the most difficult challenges for the oil sands mining sector. Reducing the amount oil sands drill cutting waste sent to landfill offers one of the best solutions for waste management. This thesis presents an innovative solution for application of treated oil sands waste (TOSW) in grout ...


Slope Stability Enhancement Of An Upstream Tailings Dam: Laboratory Testing And Numerical Modelling, Yazeed A. Alsharedah Dec 2015

Slope Stability Enhancement Of An Upstream Tailings Dam: Laboratory Testing And Numerical Modelling, Yazeed A. Alsharedah

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Mine tailings are the byproduct of mining activities, which need to be disposed of once the ore is extracted. They can be disposed of in either dry or wet forms. The latter is most common with the tailings being disposed of in the form of slurry inside retention structures. The retention structure may be a natural, manmade, or built dam, which is the case in most of nowadays mining locations. In this thesis, improving the stability of an upstream tailings dam using soil additives is investigated. The experimental phase of this study involved laboratory tests conducted to characterize mine tailings ...


Investigation Of Hybrid Foundation System For Offshore Wind Turbine, Ahmed Mohamed Reda Abdelkader Dec 2015

Investigation Of Hybrid Foundation System For Offshore Wind Turbine, Ahmed Mohamed Reda Abdelkader

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Green energy resources are essential to meet the growing energy demands in the near future while reducing the effects of global warming. Offshore wind energy is one of the main efficient renewable energy sources which drive the ever increasing expansion of offshore wind farms globally. Wind energy technologies are improving making energy production more affordable, which helped Denmark, for example, to produce about 25% of its energy. One of the main challenges for offshore wind projects is the cost of foundation construction, which represents about 40% of the total cost. The investigated hybrid foundation system has the potential to reduce ...


Fundamentals Of Electro-Flotation And Electrophoresis And Applications In Oil Sand Tailings Management, Raquibul Alam Sep 2015

Fundamentals Of Electro-Flotation And Electrophoresis And Applications In Oil Sand Tailings Management, Raquibul Alam

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis addresses two challenges facing the management of mature fine tailings (MFT) from oil sand processing. The first challenge is the high concentration of residual bitumen in tailings ponds, which poses a hazard to aquatic biota and impact to the environment. A laboratory scale study is carried out to assess the suitability of electro-flotation (EF) for removal of bitumen from oil sand tailings slurry. The results of the study confirm that EF is effective to reduce bitumen contents of tailings slurry. At a current density 150 A/m2, the bitumen concentration is reduced from 106.8 mg/L ...


Behaviour Of Helical Pile Connectors For New Foundations, Muhammad Ahmad Muhammad Diab Sep 2015

Behaviour Of Helical Pile Connectors For New Foundations, Muhammad Ahmad Muhammad Diab

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Despite the wide application of the connections between slender pile types, which end with a mono steel bar at the ground level (e.g. helical piles and micro piles), and new reinforced concrete foundations with limited width (e.g. RC grade beams) in the piling industry in North America, neither a clear understanding of the connections' behaviour nor a specific design criteria for their implementation is presented.

The main goal of this research was to clearly understand the behaviour of these connections and their failure mechanism under monotonic and cyclic loadings. The research methodology involved conducting experimental tests on 33 ...


Monotonic And Cyclic Performance Of Spun-Cast Ductile Iron Helical Tapered Piles, Ahmed Fahmy Jun 2015

Monotonic And Cyclic Performance Of Spun-Cast Ductile Iron Helical Tapered Piles, Ahmed Fahmy

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The performance of a novel piling system is investigated, which involves a spun-cast ductile iron (SCDI) tapered shaft fitted with a lower helical plate. It combines the efficiency of the tapered section, the competitive cost, effectiveness and durability of spun cast ductile iron with a rough surface and the construction advantages of helical piles. The system is installed using a fast, low vibration and reduced noise process. Seven instrumented piles including five SCDI tapered and two steel straight pipes were installed in sand using mechanical torque. The piles were subjected to cyclic and monotonic compression, uplift and lateral load tests ...


Helical Pile Installation Torque And Capacity Correlations, Jared Louis Harnish Apr 2015

Helical Pile Installation Torque And Capacity Correlations, Jared Louis Harnish

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Large diameter helical piles are being utilized increasingly to support large compressive and tensile loads. Both the magnitude of the required installation torque and the pile capacity can be directly attributed to the soil shearing resistance developed over the embedded area of the pile including the shaft and helical plates. Hence, the pile capacity can be correlated to the installation torque. Such correlations are widely used in helical pile industry as a means for quality control/quality assurance. However, the reliability of capacity-torque correlations for predicting the large diameter helical piles is adversely affected by the inaccurate measurement of the ...


Static And Dynamic Response Of Silty Toyoura Sand With Pva Fibre And Cement Additives, Colin J.R. Schmidt Mar 2015

Static And Dynamic Response Of Silty Toyoura Sand With Pva Fibre And Cement Additives, Colin J.R. Schmidt

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

After the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011, nearly 24 million tons of disaster debris such as concrete products, natural and polymeric fibres, and tsunami deposits remained on the coast of Japan. Much of this debris was recycled and repurposed in engineering projects such as embankments, park restoration, and agricultural field restoration around Tokyo Bay, one of the hardest hit regions of the country. Such a major disaster developed a need for the stabilization of the liquefaction susceptible regions of the reclaimed Tokyo Bay coastline. This thesis specifically focuses on the stabilization against liquefaction of Toyoura sand with the typical ...


Miniature Cone Penetration Test On Loose Sand, Sepideh Damavandinejad Monfared Dec 2014

Miniature Cone Penetration Test On Loose Sand, Sepideh Damavandinejad Monfared

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Considering the difficulties associated with preparing loose sand samples in large calibration chambers and wide area of research on the behavior of loose sands, miniature calibration chamber experiments are used to perform cone penetration tests on soils in different states. A miniature cone calibration chamber has been designed and developed in this study. Nineteen tests have been performed on Ottawa sand and the results are compared to the available data in the literature. The accuracy of the results is validated by comparing the results with the suggested rate for the cone resistance in sands in literature. More specifically, results are ...


Performance Of Micropiled Raft In Sand And Clay-Centrifuge And Numerical Studies, Ahmed M. Alnuaim Dec 2014

Performance Of Micropiled Raft In Sand And Clay-Centrifuge And Numerical Studies, Ahmed M. Alnuaim

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

A micropile is a small diameter “cast-in-place” pile, which was initially used to repair deficient foundations. The overall performance of a micropiled raft (MPR) foundation system is similar to a piled raft foundation where the load is transmitted through both the raft and the micropiles. This thesis explores using micropiled rafts (MPR) as a new highly efficient foundation system that combines the advantages of the piled raft system and the efficient installation of micropiles and associated ground improvement. Currently, there is no guidance available regarding the performance of MPR foundations. Therefore, the main objectives of this research are to evaluate ...


Static And Seismic Performance Of Geosynthetics-Strengthened Pile Foundations, Ahmed M. Taha Feb 2014

Static And Seismic Performance Of Geosynthetics-Strengthened Pile Foundations, Ahmed M. Taha

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Geosynthetic reinforcement in earth structures has been used extensively over the last two decades. Extensive research has been carried out to investigate solutions to enhance the lateral stability of pile foundations. This research is motivated by the need to install piles in sites characterized by soft subsurface soil conditions, and often times, in seismic active areas. This research work explores an innovative use of geosynthetics to enhance the lateral performance of pile foundations. The static and seismic soil-structure-interaction behaviors of geosynthetics-reinforced pile foundation systems were evaluated using a series of reduced scale physical model tests performed on a shaking table ...