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Theses/Dissertations

Other Mechanical Engineering

Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)

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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Dynamics Of The Phase Coupling For Flow, Heat And Mass Transfer In Conjugate Fluid/Porous Domains, Mahmoud Mohamed Mostafa Elhalwagy Jun 2018

Dynamics Of The Phase Coupling For Flow, Heat And Mass Transfer In Conjugate Fluid/Porous Domains, Mahmoud Mohamed Mostafa Elhalwagy

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Porous media prevail in industry e.g. heat transfer equipment, drying, food storage and several other applications. Integrated in engineering, they form conjugate Fluid/Porous domains. Physical modelling requires characterizing the microscale heat and mass (moisture) transfer interstitially within porous media and their macroscale counterparts across regional interfaces. Characterizing turbulence and its effects on phase coupling is often needed too. The modeling literature survey shows phase coupling assumptions depending on empiricism, phase equilibrium and lack of generality. Modeling of the dynamic variations for the modes of phase exchanges, i.e. heat, mass and heat accompanying mass exchanges, on both scales ...


A Numerical Investigation Of Human Cough Jet Development And Droplet Dispersion, Ran Bi Apr 2018

A Numerical Investigation Of Human Cough Jet Development And Droplet Dispersion, Ran Bi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

As part of the Western Cold and Flu aerosol (WeCoF) studies, the present study provides Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modelling of human cough flow. The cough flow is characterized in two different aspects, the flow field and the droplets. In the study of the flow field of coughing, various dynamic characteristics, including the velocity variation, streamwise penetration and power spectral density, are examined. CFD simulations using two different approaches, the unsteady Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (URANS) and the large eddy simulation (LES), are performed for comparison purposes. The numerical results are validated by the experimental data obtained from the measurements by ...


A Numerical Tool For Predicting The Spatial Decay Of Freestream Turbulence., Dwaipayan Sarkar Apr 2018

A Numerical Tool For Predicting The Spatial Decay Of Freestream Turbulence., Dwaipayan Sarkar

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The present numerical work is an attempt towards modelling of freely decaying homogeneous isotropic turbulence with its application in experimental modelling of the effect of incident turbulence on flow around 2D and 3D bluff-bodies. Both steady, Reynolds Averaged Navier Stokes (RANS) and unsteady, Large Eddy Simulation (LES), 3-D numerical computational fluid dynamics (CFD) techniques have been employed to characterise the inviscid decay of large-scale turbulence in terms of the characteristic r.m.s turbulent velocity fluctuations ( ) and the local integral length scale (Lu). The large-scale turbulent properties extracted from the current numerical simulations are inter-related and are shown to ...


Numerical Simulations Of Two-Phase Flows In The Liquid Solid Circulating Fluidized Bed, Hao Luo Sep 2017

Numerical Simulations Of Two-Phase Flows In The Liquid Solid Circulating Fluidized Bed, Hao Luo

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The liquid-solid circulating fluidized bed (LSCFB) has many potential applications in biochemical and petroleum industries, as well as in wastewater treatments, given its higher contact efficiency and being able to accommodate two reactions under one system. With extensive experimental results becoming available, there is clearly a need for computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling to expand our understandings of LSCFBs and to predict the hydrodynamic behaviors of the two-phase flows within LSCFB.

In this research, the Eulerian-Eulerian two-phase model combined with the kinetic theory for the granular phase is applied to simulate the two-phase flows in LSCFBs. The key factors affecting ...