Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Engineering Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 9 of 9

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Combustion Phasing Through Combustion Ionization In A Caterpillar C7 Compression Ignition Engine, Kamal Ashraf Assaad Jan 2017

Combustion Phasing Through Combustion Ionization In A Caterpillar C7 Compression Ignition Engine, Kamal Ashraf Assaad

Wayne State University Theses

To achieve the goals of best fuel economy, peak power and low soot emissions in military engines it is necessary to control the combustion process. An in-cylinder combustion sensor is required to achieve the goals of controlling the combustion process. Over the last four decades, in-cylinder pressure transducers and ion current sensors have been available for research and development. Most of the effort has focused on the pressure transducer, however up till now a pressure transducer suitable for use in production engines has not been developed yet, because of cost and durability concerns.This work presents the analysis of experimental ...


Model Advancement And Hil Setup For Testing A P2 Phev Supervisory Controller, Sajjan Balakrishnan Jan 2017

Model Advancement And Hil Setup For Testing A P2 Phev Supervisory Controller, Sajjan Balakrishnan

Wayne State University Theses

Teams participating in Advanced Vehicle Technology Competitions such as EcoCAR3 are often bound by limited time and resources. Moreover, vehicle and component downtime due to mechanical and electrical issues reduce the time available for testing activities demanded by the Controls/Systems Modeling and Simulation teams. Therefore, the teams would benefit from identifying new approaches and being more pragmatic and productive in order to achieve satisfactory progress in the competition. This thesis summarizes the approach taken to improve the simulation accuracy of the Wayne State University EcoCAR3 team’s Pre-transmission Parallel Hybrid Electric Vehicle plant model and HIL setup. Focus is ...


Turbulent Spray Combustion Modeling Using Direct Integration Of Chemistry And Flamelet Generated Manifolds, Ashraya Goyal Jan 2017

Turbulent Spray Combustion Modeling Using Direct Integration Of Chemistry And Flamelet Generated Manifolds, Ashraya Goyal

Wayne State University Theses

Turbulent spray combustion of n-dodecane was modeled at engine relevant conditions using various combustion models (Direct Integration of Chemistry and Flamelet Generated Manifolds) and turbulence models (Dynamic Structure Large Eddy Simulation and RNG Reynolds-Averaged Naiver-Stokes). A recently developed n-dodecane mechanism was utilized and the turbulent spray was simulated at various combustion chamber initial gas temperature and pressure conditions. Mesh with size of 31 microns was utilized to resolve small eddies around the spray. The pressure-based ignition delay, flame lift-off length, and spray and jet penetrations were studied and compared with experimental measurements. The Direct Integration of Chemistry and Flamelet Generated ...


The Study Of Ionization In A Military, Heavy-Duty, Diesel Engine, Steven Zielinski Jan 2015

The Study Of Ionization In A Military, Heavy-Duty, Diesel Engine, Steven Zielinski

Wayne State University Theses

This thesis is an investigation of ionization in a military, heavy-duty, diesel engine. Ionization is a phenomenon which occurs in both spark-ignited and diesel engines. During the reactions of combustion, charged molecules and electrons are produced. The current produced, ion current, from these charges can be measured. The measurement of ion current can serve as an in-cylinder diagnostic for closed-loop engine control strategies. In this work, a literature review was performed to survey previous work as it pertains to ionization in diesel engines. In addition, a detailed description and comparison of the HEUI injection system was made to HPCR. This ...


Advancement And Validation Of A Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Model Utilizing Experimental Data From Vehicle Testing, Kevin Lloyd Snyder Jan 2015

Advancement And Validation Of A Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Model Utilizing Experimental Data From Vehicle Testing, Kevin Lloyd Snyder

Wayne State University Theses

The objective of the research into modeling and simulation was to provide an iterative improvement to the Wayne State EcoCAR 2 team's math-based design tools for use in evaluating different outcomes based on hybrid powertrain architecture tweaks, controls code development and testing. This thesis includes the results of the team's work in the EcoCAR 2 competition for university student teams to create and test a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle for reducing petroleum oil consumption, pollutant emissions, and Green House Gas (GHG) emissions.

Plant model validations and advancements brought the vehicle plant model directionally closer to the actual vehicle ...


Simulations And Measurements Of Fuel Film Using Refractive Index Matching Method, Fengkun Wang Jan 2014

Simulations And Measurements Of Fuel Film Using Refractive Index Matching Method, Fengkun Wang

Wayne State University Theses

ABSTRACT

SIMULATIONS AND MEASUREMENTS OF FUEL FILM USING REFRACTIVE INDEX MATCHING METHOD

by

FENGKUN WANG

APRIL 2014

Advisor: Dr. Ming-Chia Lai

Major: Mechanical Engineering

Degree: Master of Science

Direct Injection (DI) has been known for its improved performance and efficiency in gasoline spark-ignition engines. However, wall wetting is inevitable and the source of UHC and PM. In order to take advantage of the GDI technology, it is important to investigate spray wall interactions in detail.

Numerical and experimental studies are carried out for spray and wall impingements in an optical constant volume vessel. The fuel film was measured spatially and ...


An Investigation Of Kinetic Effects Of Split Injection Timing On Low Temperature Combustion, Tejaswini A. Kamble Jan 2014

An Investigation Of Kinetic Effects Of Split Injection Timing On Low Temperature Combustion, Tejaswini A. Kamble

Wayne State University Theses

Low temperature combustion (LTC) modes of operating internal combustion engines are of great interest for their potential to achieve high thermal efficiencies while maintaining low nitrogen oxide (NOX) and particulate matter emissions below levels requiring costly after-treatment systems. While various strategies for realizing LTC have been developed, including homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI), reactivity controlled compression ignition (RCCI) and premixed charge compression ignition (PCCI), a common challenge is the control of the kinetically-driven auto-ignition processes over appreciable load ranges.

This study examines the chemical kinetics of split-injection timing and the kinetic effect of this parameter on combustion phasing and pressure ...


Ion Current Signal Detection During Cold Starting And Idling Operation In A Diesel Engine, Sanket Anil Gujarathi Jan 2013

Ion Current Signal Detection During Cold Starting And Idling Operation In A Diesel Engine, Sanket Anil Gujarathi

Wayne State University Theses

Cold starting of diesel engines is characterized by inherent problems such as long cranking periods and combustion instability leading to an increase in fuel consumption and the emission of high concentrations of hydrocarbons which appear as white smoke. Accordingly, a signal indicative of combustion during cold starting and idling operation is important for combustion and emission control. The ion current signal has been considered for the feedback control of both gasoline and diesel engines. However, the ion current signal produced from the combustion of the heterogeneous charge in diesel engines is weaker compared to that produced from the combustion of ...


Characteristics Of Cold Start Of A Diesel Engine Using Jp8 And Ulsd Fuels, Madhushankar Palanisamy Jan 2013

Characteristics Of Cold Start Of A Diesel Engine Using Jp8 And Ulsd Fuels, Madhushankar Palanisamy

Wayne State University Theses

This study involves the cold start testing of ULSD and JP8 fuels on the 6 cylinder 7.2 liter turbocharged diesel engine at various ambient temperatures as low as 0oF for JP8 fuel and 10oF for ULSD fuel. Cycle by cycle analysis of the cold start transient data, along with the effects of variation in ambient temperature on the engine cranking speed and in cylinder motoring pressure were analyzed and presented. It was found that the reduction in ambient temperature resulted in prolonged cranking periods along with the longer time taken to reach idling speed as well as increased combustion ...