Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Engineering Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Theses/Dissertations

Oil, Gas, and Energy

Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication

Articles 1 - 30 of 536

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Catalytic Transfer Hydrogenation Reactions Of Lipids, Alexander Asiedu Oct 2019

Catalytic Transfer Hydrogenation Reactions Of Lipids, Alexander Asiedu

Civil & Environmental Engineering Theses & Dissertations

Catalytic transfer hydrogenation (CTH) of lipids was investigated using 2-propanol as hydrogen donor for producing liquid hydrocarbons, e.g. jet fuels. The main sources of lipids selected in this study were waste cooking oil (WCO) and oil-laden algae-derived biofuel intermediate (BI). Two different catalysts were employed in this study, namely activated carbon and trimetallic-doped zeolite.

The CTH reaction was between WCO and 2-propanol in a continuous flow reactor over a packed-bed activated carbon at near atmospheric pressure. Results revealed a high level of alkenes and aromatics compounds, which are not stable and are not environmentally unfriendly. To reduce these compounds ...


Visualizing The Fate And Distribution Of Pahs In Spartina And Avicennia Tissues From Barataria Basin, La, Kristina Jeannette Sebastian Aug 2019

Visualizing The Fate And Distribution Of Pahs In Spartina And Avicennia Tissues From Barataria Basin, La, Kristina Jeannette Sebastian

LSU Master's Theses

During crude oil spill events, vegetation in marsh environments sequester polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from the crude oil by partitioning from the air phase through the waxy cuticle on the leaf surface. Recent studies from Macondo oil-impacted marshes have demonstrated that cycling of low molecular weight petrogenic PAHs occurs through the cuticle and other leaf tissue. At present, our understanding of how PAHs travel through the cuticle is coarse and limited by grab samples across the entire leaf, which preventing a full understanding the dynamics of PAH cycling in this environment. Multiphoton (MP) confocal microscopy visualizes the distribution of PAHs ...


Metabolic Engineering Of Cyanobacteria For Production Of Chemicals, Po-Cheng Lin Aug 2019

Metabolic Engineering Of Cyanobacteria For Production Of Chemicals, Po-Cheng Lin

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

Concerns over the impact of climate change caused by CO2 emission have driven the research and development of renewable energies. Microbial production of chemicals is being viewed as a feasible approach to reduce the use of fossil fuels and minimize the impact of climate change. With recent advances in synthetic biology, microorganisms can be engineered to synthesize petroleum-based chemicals and plant-derived compounds. Cyanobacteria are photosynthetic prokaryotes that use only sunlight, CO2, and trace minerals for growth. Compared to other microbial hosts, cyanobacteria are attractive platforms for sustainable bioproduction, because they can directly convert CO2 into products. However, the major challenge ...


Metabolic Engineering Of Cyanobacteria For Production Of Chemicals, Po-Cheng Lin Aug 2019

Metabolic Engineering Of Cyanobacteria For Production Of Chemicals, Po-Cheng Lin

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

Concerns over the impact of climate change caused by CO2 emission have driven the research and development of renewable energies. Microbial production of chemicals is being viewed as a feasible approach to reduce the use of fossil fuels and minimize the impact of climate change. With recent advances in synthetic biology, microorganisms can be engineered to synthesize petroleum-based chemicals and plant-derived compounds. Cyanobacteria are photosynthetic prokaryotes that use only sunlight, CO2, and trace minerals for growth. Compared to other microbial hosts, cyanobacteria are attractive platforms for sustainable bioproduction, because they can directly convert CO2 into products. However, the major challenge ...


H2 Control For Improved Stability Of Multi-Area Electric Power System With High Levels Of Inverter-Based Generation, Muthanna Abdulkareem Al-Sarray May 2019

H2 Control For Improved Stability Of Multi-Area Electric Power System With High Levels Of Inverter-Based Generation, Muthanna Abdulkareem Al-Sarray

Theses and Dissertations

Increased generation capacity from non-dispatchable energy resources such as wind and solar has created challenges to ensuring the reliable delivery of electric power. This research develops a systematic three-step method of assessing the reliability of electric power systems under a variety of different possible fault conditions to ensure that overall system stability is preserved in a manner the meets regulatory requirements. The first step is a risk-based reliability method (RBRM) that accounts for the probability of a line outage versus the severity of impact. This allows system planners to judiciously allocate expenses for reliability improvements based on the greatest economic ...


Absorber And Window Study – Cdsexte1-X/Cdte Thin Film Solar Cells, Chih-An Hsu Jan 2019

Absorber And Window Study – Cdsexte1-X/Cdte Thin Film Solar Cells, Chih-An Hsu

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

CdTe an II-VI semiconductor has been a leading thin film photovoltaic material due to its near ideal bandgap and high absorption coefficient [1]. The typical thin film CdTe solar cells have been of the superstrate configuration with CdS (Eg-2.42eV) as the n-type heterojunction partner. Due to the relatively narrow bandgap of CdS, a wider bandgap n-type window layer has recently emerged as a promising substitute: alloys of MgyZn1-yO have been successfully used as the emitter or window layer. The benefits in the usage of MgyZn1-yO (MZO) are its tunable bandgap and wide optical spectrum on optoelectronic devices. Due to ...


Distribution System Outage Management After Extreme Weather Events, Anmar Arif Jan 2019

Distribution System Outage Management After Extreme Weather Events, Anmar Arif

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The main topic of this dissertation is the recovery operation of distribution networks after extreme weather events. The study focuses on coordinating crews, equipment, and distribution network operations. While utilities have established protocols for recovering distribution networks, areas for continued development still exist, especially with the increase of distributed generators and controllable switches. After major weather events, one of the greatest challenges that operators face is managing the large influx of crews required to repair the damage and to reestablish normal network operations. The aim of this work is to improve current practices and provide assistance to utilities in their ...


Energy Efficiency And Fatigue Failure On Gears And Bearings For Processing Rebar Steel, Jesus Gabriel Garcia Jan 2019

Energy Efficiency And Fatigue Failure On Gears And Bearings For Processing Rebar Steel, Jesus Gabriel Garcia

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Steel industry is a major emitter of air pollutants, a leading industrial consumer of water, a minor source of contaminated liquids, a massive producer of solid waste, and a significant source of CO2. The objective on this thesis work is to minimize the greenhouse gas emissions when processing steel. Gears and bearings were evaluated based on their performance when exposed to cyclic stresses. The importance for having a proper set up on rolling mills to increase efficiency for processing rebar steel has been detailed on paper. In contrast, mechanical vibration has been measured on gears and bearings to determine efficiency ...


Strategies To Improve The Electrochemical Of Performance Transition Metal Compounds As Anode Materials For Li-Ion Batteries, Noemi Dominguez Jan 2019

Strategies To Improve The Electrochemical Of Performance Transition Metal Compounds As Anode Materials For Li-Ion Batteries, Noemi Dominguez

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Nowadays, our society depends on fossil fuels as the main energy source. However, depletion, price fluctuations, and other concerns, such as global warming, have led to an exhaustive research for renewable energy resources. Here is where electrochemical energy systems play a critical role since they can provide power when renewable energy is not available. Among these electrochemical energy storage systems Li-ion batteries (LIBs) have shown higher volumetric, gravimetric, and power density capacities over other battery systems.

However, commercial LIBs are still relying on graphite base materials for the anode. However, graphite possesses a low specific capacity. Recently, transition metal compounds ...


Calcium Passivation And Properties Of Al/Ca Composite Conductors, Charles Czahor Jan 2019

Calcium Passivation And Properties Of Al/Ca Composite Conductors, Charles Czahor

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Light, strong, high-conductivity materials are desirable for overhead power transmission and distribution conductors. An aluminum/calcium composite with nanofilamentary reinforcement was produced by powder metallurgy and deformation processing to fine wires. Upon achieving the desired dimension, the wires were heat treated to convert the calcium to Al2Ca intermetallic reinforcement filaments. Extended heat treatments were used to evaluate the upper operating temperature of the material. The processing steps, microstructure, conductivity, and tensile strength of Al/Ca composites were evaluated. The measured properties indicate that the number of support towers required for a HVDC transmission line can be reduced by more than ...


Low-Energy Sensor Network Protocols And Application To Smart Wind Turbines, Mathew Lee Wymore Jan 2019

Low-Energy Sensor Network Protocols And Application To Smart Wind Turbines, Mathew Lee Wymore

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Internet of Things (IoT) has shown promise as an enabling technology for a wide variety of applications, from smart homes to infrastructure monitoring and management. However, a number of challenges remain before the grand vision of an everything-sensed, everything-connected world can be achieved. One of these challenges is the energy problem: how can embedded, networked sensor devices be sustainably powered over the lifetime of an application? To that end, this dissertation focuses on reducing energy consumption of communication protocols in wireless sensor networks and the IoT. The motivating application is wind energy infrastructure monitoring and management, or "smart" wind ...


Insights For Catalyst Design: A Systematic Investigation Of The Morphological Dependence Of Catalytic And Photocatalytic Activity For Nanostructured Titania, Paul Andrew Pepin Jan 2019

Insights For Catalyst Design: A Systematic Investigation Of The Morphological Dependence Of Catalytic And Photocatalytic Activity For Nanostructured Titania, Paul Andrew Pepin

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Studies of the thermal and photocatalytic properties of single crystal materials have proven to be useful in elucidating how surface structure influences photocatalytic activity for a range of reactions. While the use of well-defined single-crystal surfaces as model photocatalysts has many advantages, this approach also has some limitations since they do not allow one to study cooperative effects between different exposed crystal planes and how preferential migration of photogenerated charge carriers to different surfaces influences activity. To overcome these limitations while still using materials with well-defined surfaces, the research described in this dissertation seeks to understand the relationships between nanostructure ...


Improving Performance Of Infiltrated Sofc Cathodes Via Scaffold Engineering And Catalyst Surface Engineering, Yuan Cheng Jan 2019

Improving Performance Of Infiltrated Sofc Cathodes Via Scaffold Engineering And Catalyst Surface Engineering, Yuan Cheng

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) are energy-generating devices operating at elevated temperatures. At their cathode sides, oxygen molecules reduce into oxygen ions and then transport to the anode side through a solid-state ceramic membrane (typically, Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia (YSZ)). At their anode side, the fuels react with the oxygen ions and then release electrons to the external circuit. Always, it is the cathode that has the slowest reaction kinetics, such it contributes the largest resistance in the entire device.

The state-of-the-art cathode materials are typically perovskite-phase ceramic materials, such as Strontium-doped Lanthanum Manganate (LSM), Strontium-doped Lanthanum Ferrite (LSF) and Strontium-doped Lanthanum ...


Dynamic Analysis Of Composite Wind Turbine Blade, Divya Teja Pinnamaneni Jan 2019

Dynamic Analysis Of Composite Wind Turbine Blade, Divya Teja Pinnamaneni

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this paper is to establish a basis for determining the accuracy level required in load prediction models by comparing fatigue results of a composite material wind turbine blade for a set of experimental wind loads. Wind data for two successive years is considered separately as two load cases to calculate aerodynamic loads. These loads are used in monthly and yearly cycles to perform fatigue analysis and the difference in safety life and damage for successive years is calculated, to check, if faithful prediction of hourly or daily wind speeds for a wind forecast model is required. Thus ...


Retention Strategies For Oil And Gas Industry Managers, Faye Gerard Jan 2019

Retention Strategies For Oil And Gas Industry Managers, Faye Gerard

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The turnover cost of specialized employees in the oil and gas industry can exceed 400% of an employee's annual salary. The purpose of this multiple case study was to explore successful strategies that oil and gas company managers used to retain specialized employees. The specific population for the study was 8 managers from 4 oil and gas companies in a metropolitan city in the southern United States, which included 5 hiring managers and 3 engineering managers who had demonstrated success in retaining specialized employees. The conceptual lens used in this research study was the job embeddedness theory. Study data ...


Design And Preliminary Evaluation Of A Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Brayton Cycle For Solar Dish Concentrator Clean Energy Production, Danielle Nobles-Lookingbill Dec 2018

Design And Preliminary Evaluation Of A Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Brayton Cycle For Solar Dish Concentrator Clean Energy Production, Danielle Nobles-Lookingbill

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

As we move toward energy independence and more ambitious clean energy goals, solar energy research must push the efficiency limits of traditional energy generation systems. Increases in efficiency can be achieved by increasing the hot temperature of the power cycle. Recent research demonstrates the potential for increased efficiency and a vastly smaller component size when supercritical carbon dioxide Brayton power cycles are used. Concentrated solar and nuclear heat sources are capable of achieving the high working fluid temperatures needed for significant efficiency gains. This NSF EPSCoR funded, experimental research system is designed to exploit the uniquely immense solar irradiance of ...


A Cost Benefit Analysis Of Using A Battery Energy Storage System (Bess) Represented By A Unit Commitment Model, Nemanja Mihailovic Nov 2018

A Cost Benefit Analysis Of Using A Battery Energy Storage System (Bess) Represented By A Unit Commitment Model, Nemanja Mihailovic

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis aims to provide a general overview of a cost and benefit analysis of incorporating a battery energy storage system within unit commitment model.

The deregulation of the electricity market in the U.S. has only been around for the last two decades. With renewable energy and energy storage systems becoming less expensive, a decentralized market scheme is becoming more popular and plausible. The scope of this work is to provide a fundamental understanding of unit commitment and a cost analysis of applying a battery energy storage system to an already established power system.

A battery energy storage system ...


Characterization And Evaluation Of Cordless Nailer Performance For Liquid And Gaseous Fuels, Mark Carioscio Oct 2018

Characterization And Evaluation Of Cordless Nailer Performance For Liquid And Gaseous Fuels, Mark Carioscio

Master's Theses (2009 -)

The Paslode Cordless XP Framing Nailer is a combustion-powered nail gun that operates using a fuel blend of a propylene and 1-butene. This tool is designed to drive nails using a piston driven by a combustion reaction. The current fuel blend is able to fire approximately 1200 shots per fuel cartridge and match the energy output of pneumatic, corded nailers on the market. This thesis is written with the intent to gain a better understanding of the operation of the tool and how its performance varies when the fuel source is altered. A bizonal combustion model was created to simulate ...


The Effect Of Processing Conditions On The Energetic Diagram Of Cdte Thin Films Studied By Photoluminescence, Shamara P. Collins Jul 2018

The Effect Of Processing Conditions On The Energetic Diagram Of Cdte Thin Films Studied By Photoluminescence, Shamara P. Collins

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The photovoltaic properties of CdTe-based thin films depend on recombination levels formed in the CdTe layer and at the heterojunction. The localized states are resultant of structural defects (metal sublattice, chalcogen sublattice, interstitial), controlled doping, deposition process, and/or post-deposition annealing. The photoluminescence study of CdTe thin films, from both the bulk and heterojunction, can reveal radiative states due to different defects or impurities. Identification of defects allows for potential explanation of their roles and influence on solar cell performance. A thorough understanding of the material properties responsible for solar cell performance is critical in further advancing the efficiency of ...


Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender May 2018

Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender

Student Theses 2015-Present

This paper aims to shed light on the dissonance caused by the superimposition of Dominant Human Systems on Natural Systems. I highlight the synthetic nature of Dominant Human Systems as egoic and linguistic phenomenon manufactured by a mere portion of the human population, which renders them inherently oppressive unto peoples and landscapes whose wisdom were barred from the design process. In pursuing a radical pragmatic approach to mending the simultaneous oppression and destruction of the human being and the earth, I highlight the necessity of minimizing entropic chaos caused by excess energy expenditure, an essential feature of systems that aim ...


Novel Solar Cells Based On Two-Dimensional Nanomaterials And Recycled Lead Components, Xiaoru Guo May 2018

Novel Solar Cells Based On Two-Dimensional Nanomaterials And Recycled Lead Components, Xiaoru Guo

Theses and Dissertations

To meet the rapidly growing demand for energy and reduce the use of dwindling fossil fuels, the efficient utilization of renewable energy is a constant pursuit globally. Because solar cells convert vastly available sunlight into electricity, developing high-performance and low-cost solar cells is a top strategy for future energy supply. Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) and perovskite solar cells (PSCs) are the most promising choices. In the meantime, highly concentrated sulfuric acids from retired lead-acid batteries become an environmental concern, and lead contamination in drinking water raises concerns in general public. This study addresses both above-mentioned problems by using two-dimensional (2D ...


Lithium And The Foreseeable Future, Paolo Vargas May 2018

Lithium And The Foreseeable Future, Paolo Vargas

Mechanical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper aims to clarify the uncertainties regarding worldwide lithium resource availability in the years to come. Previous studies made on the subject are presented with some ambiguity and this work intends to fill the gaps. The information and data presented throughout this script with respect to global lithium resources and reserves are mostly based on data released by the United States Geological Survey (USGS). Lithium resource availability in the future is a point of paramount significance primarily for the automotive, portable electronics, and the power generation industry. Since, a change of supply would ultimately affect the price of lithium ...


Non-Covalent Functionalization Of Graphene Films For Uniform Nanoparticle Deposition Via Atoic Layer Deposition, Ty Seiwert May 2018

Non-Covalent Functionalization Of Graphene Films For Uniform Nanoparticle Deposition Via Atoic Layer Deposition, Ty Seiwert

Mechanical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Graphene functionalized with platinum (Pt) and palladium (Pd) has proven to be highly effective as a hydrogen sensor. Deposition methods such as Atomic layer deposition (ALD) can be further enhanced by pretreating the graphene with a non-covalent surfactant prior to nanoparticle deposition. In this study, graphene-based sensing devices will be fabricated by ALD deposition. The graphene will be non-covalently functionalized using sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) anionic surfactant prior to ALD deposition. The aim of this study is to test the deposition pattern achieved by varying the amount of time that graphene is treated with the SDS surfactant. Initially, ALD deposition ...


In Situ Extrinsic Doping Of Cdte Thin Films For Photovoltaic Applications, Imran Suhrid Khan Mar 2018

In Situ Extrinsic Doping Of Cdte Thin Films For Photovoltaic Applications, Imran Suhrid Khan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Cadmium Telluride thin film solar cell is one of the leading photovoltaic technologies. Efficiency improvements in the past decade made it a very attractive and practical source of renewable energy. Considering the theoretical limit, there is still room for improvement, especially the cell’s open circuit voltage (VOC). To improve VOC, the p-type carrier concentration and minority carrier lifetime of the CdTe absorber needs to be improved. Both these parameters are directly related to the point defect distribution of the semiconductor, which is a function of deposition stoichiometry, dopant incorporation and post-deposition treatments.

CdTe films were deposited by the ...


Sensing Skin For The Structural Health Monitoring Of Mesoscale Structures, Austin Robert Johnson Downey Jan 2018

Sensing Skin For The Structural Health Monitoring Of Mesoscale Structures, Austin Robert Johnson Downey

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Condition evaluation of large-scale (or mesoscale) structures, including civil, aerospace, and energy structures, is difficult due to their large sizes, complex geometries and lack of economic and scalable sensing technologies capable of detecting, localizing, and quantifying faults over a structure's global area. A key challenge in the monitoring of a mesoscale structure is the need to distinguish between faults in the structure's global (e.g. changing load paths, loss in global stiffness) and local (e.g. crack propagation, composite delamination) conditions. This work presents a flexible sensing skin for the cost-effective monitoring of large-scale structures, with a special ...


An Examination Of Ash Elutriation From A Fluidized Bed Regenerator, Dane Erickson Jan 2018

An Examination Of Ash Elutriation From A Fluidized Bed Regenerator, Dane Erickson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The danger of climate change looms in the minds of researchers across the world. To combat this threat, many have focused efforts on the development of clean energy. In this study, the renewable resource that is investigated is biomass, specifically red oak. Energy can be extracted from biomass by fast pyrolysis, where the feedstock is rapidly heated within a reactor to approximately 500℃ in the absence of oxygen. This produces biochar, ash, and condensable gases that, once cooled, become a bio-oil. To optimize economic feasibility, the process must operate continuously. This presents a problem—the presence of ash as a ...


Solvent Liquefaction Of Waste Materials, Joel Braden Jan 2018

Solvent Liquefaction Of Waste Materials, Joel Braden

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Thermochemical processing of biomass into liquid chemicals or fuels is a potential way of offsetting excess carbon released from petroleum derived fuel, however thermochemical processing is hindered by the high cost of biomass feedstock. Using municipal solid waste (MSW) as a feedstock can help because it is very cheap and contains significant amounts of organic materials, however the low upfront cost comes with other processing burdens. In particular, polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is a plastic commonly found in MSW that can contribute to equipment wear, environmental harm, and product contamination through release of hydrogen chloride (HCl) when heated. This work looks ...


Investigation Of Fundamental Transport And Physicochemical Phenomena In Lignocellulosic Fast Pyrolysis, Jordan A. Tiarks Jan 2018

Investigation Of Fundamental Transport And Physicochemical Phenomena In Lignocellulosic Fast Pyrolysis, Jordan A. Tiarks

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Fast pyrolysis of biomass has the potential for high-yield production of valuable fuels and chemicals from renewable biological and agricultural waste feedstocks. Optimization of this technology is dependent on developing a deeper understanding of the complex transport and kinetic phenomena which drive product formation. In this dissertation, direct, time-resolved imaging of feedstock degradation and product formation mechanisms for the pyrolysis of whole biomass and several of its components has been made inside an optically accessible pyrolysis reactor. The reactor thermal and transport characterization allows the determination of dominant mechanisms of pyrolysis product formation in the multiphase reacting environment. This novel ...


Investment Decision-Making In Clean Energy Under Uncertainties: A Real Options Approach, Yihua Li Jan 2018

Investment Decision-Making In Clean Energy Under Uncertainties: A Real Options Approach, Yihua Li

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

International commitments on emission reduction and the deterioration of fossil energy resources have caused more research attention to clean energy production. Getting the optimal investment portfolio in infrastructure for energy supply and consumption is a minimum requirement to enable the transition towards a sustainable energy system. Due to their environmental benefits, advanced biofuel and clean power generation are expected to play an important role in the future in transportation sector and electricity sector, respectively. In this dissertation, a real options approach is adopted for valuating clean technology investment portfolios under uncertainty, exploring managerial insights, and examining policy implications. The dissertation ...


Energy And Thermal Performance Evaluation Of An Electrified Snow Removal System At Airports Using Numerical Modeling And Field Measurements, S.M. Sajed Sadati Jan 2018

Energy And Thermal Performance Evaluation Of An Electrified Snow Removal System At Airports Using Numerical Modeling And Field Measurements, S.M. Sajed Sadati

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Airports are moving toward the utilization of clean energy technologies along with the implementation of practices that reduce local sources of pollution. This includes replacing fossil fuel-based with electricity-based equipment, technologies, and operations. However, given the anticipated energy demands needed for airport operations electrification, it is important to study airport energy demand profile changes after implementing such systems. Electrically-conductive concrete (ECON) is currently a focus of heated pavement design for replacing conventional practices of removing snow and ice. ECON heated pavement systems (HPSs) use electricity to heat the surface of the pavement. Since experimental studies are resource intensive and the ...