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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Experiments On Fluid Displacement In Porous Media: Convection And Wettability Effects, Tejaswi Soori Jan 2019

Experiments On Fluid Displacement In Porous Media: Convection And Wettability Effects, Tejaswi Soori

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Immiscible and miscible two-phase fluid flow in a porous media are important problems encountered in petroleum, manufacturing, pharmaceutical, and food industries. Enhanced oil recovery process used in the petroleum industry involves driving the viscous crude oil trapped in porous reservoir rocks using low-cost fluid cocktails of surfactants-chemicals-polymers that modify the surface tension and create a favorable viscosity profile, thereby increasing the production efficiency. Such flows in porous media can be studied in laboratory conditions by considering the porous media as a bundle of interconnected capillaries which can be further simplified by modeling them in a single capillary tube.\\

In the ...


Chemical And Acoustic Directed Processes For Enhancing Two-Phase Porous Media Fluid Flow, Hsiang-Lan Yeh Jan 2019

Chemical And Acoustic Directed Processes For Enhancing Two-Phase Porous Media Fluid Flow, Hsiang-Lan Yeh

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis presents a reservoir-on-a-chip study of waterflooding, acoustic streaming and ultrasonic streaming as enhanced oil recovery mechanism. Microfluidic devices with different porosities are fabricated using photolithography or close-packed microbeads to sever as reservoir-on-a-chip micromodels. Optical video fluorescence microscopy is used to track the invasion of a water phase through the oil saturated porous micromodel.

In waterflooding study, the degree of water saturation is compared to water containing two different types of chemical modifiers, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), with water in the absence of a surfactant used as a control. Image analysis of our video data yield ...


Dynamics Of The Phase Coupling For Flow, Heat And Mass Transfer In Conjugate Fluid/Porous Domains, Mahmoud Mohamed Mostafa Elhalwagy Jun 2018

Dynamics Of The Phase Coupling For Flow, Heat And Mass Transfer In Conjugate Fluid/Porous Domains, Mahmoud Mohamed Mostafa Elhalwagy

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Porous media prevail in industry e.g. heat transfer equipment, drying, food storage and several other applications. Integrated in engineering, they form conjugate Fluid/Porous domains. Physical modelling requires characterizing the microscale heat and mass (moisture) transfer interstitially within porous media and their macroscale counterparts across regional interfaces. Characterizing turbulence and its effects on phase coupling is often needed too. The modeling literature survey shows phase coupling assumptions depending on empiricism, phase equilibrium and lack of generality. Modeling of the dynamic variations for the modes of phase exchanges, i.e. heat, mass and heat accompanying mass exchanges, on both scales ...


A Physics-Based Approach To Modeling Wildland Fire Spread Through Porous Fuel Beds, Tingting Tang Jan 2017

A Physics-Based Approach To Modeling Wildland Fire Spread Through Porous Fuel Beds, Tingting Tang

Theses and Dissertations--Mechanical Engineering

Wildfires are becoming increasingly erratic nowadays at least in part because of climate change. CFD (computational fluid dynamics)-based models with the potential of simulating extreme behaviors are gaining increasing attention as a means to predict such behavior in order to aid firefighting efforts. This dissertation describes a wildfire model based on the current understanding of wildfire physics. The model includes physics of turbulence, inhomogeneous porous fuel beds, heat release, ignition, and firebrands. A discrete dynamical system for flow in porous media is derived and incorporated into the subgrid-scale model for synthetic-velocity large-eddy simulation (LES), and a general porosity-permeability model ...


A Model For Complex Heat And Mass Transport Involving Porous Media With Related Applications, Furqan A. Khan Apr 2016

A Model For Complex Heat And Mass Transport Involving Porous Media With Related Applications, Furqan A. Khan

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Heat and mass transfer involving porous media is prevalent in, for example, air-conditioning, drying, food storage, and chemical processing. Such applications require non-equilibrium heat and mass (or moisture) transfer modeling inside porous media in conjugate fluid/porous/solid framework. Moreover, modeling of turbulence and turbulent heat and mass transfer becomes essential for many applications. A comprehensive literature review shows a scarcity of models having such capabilities. In this respect, the objectives of the present thesis are to: i) develop a formulation that simulates non-equilibrium heat and mass transfer in conjugate fluid/porous/solid framework, ii) demonstrate the capabilities of the ...


Rheology And Filtration Of Mono- And Bi-Disperse Settling Suspensions, Tejaswi Soori Jan 2016

Rheology And Filtration Of Mono- And Bi-Disperse Settling Suspensions, Tejaswi Soori

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Rheological properties are of great interest in oil & gas, pharmaceutical, food, plastics and cosmetic industries which process different types of multi-phase suspensions. Review of existing literature on rheological studies and experiments are conducted to verify the effect of total solid concentration � on the viscosity of mono-disperse and bi-disperse suspensions.

Gravity filtration involves flow of fluid through a porous filter medium and a time dependent cake layer which act as additional filter media. Filtration rate and cake build up as a function of time are examined for mono- and bi-disperse suspensions through theory and experimentation. Darcy's Law, which describes fluid ...


Modeling Phase Change Heat Transfer Of Liquid/Vapor Systems In Free/Porous Media, James Wilson Jan 2015

Modeling Phase Change Heat Transfer Of Liquid/Vapor Systems In Free/Porous Media, James Wilson

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Effective solvent extraction incorporating electromagnetic heating is a relatively new concept that relies on Radio Frequency heating and solvents to replace steam in current thermal processes for the purpose of extracting bitumen from oil rich sands. The work presented here will further the understanding of the near wellbore flow of this two phase system in order to better predict solvent vaporization dynamics and heat rates delivered to the pay zone. This numerical study details the aspects of phase change of immiscible, two component, liquid/vapor systems confined in porous media heated by electromagnetic radiation, approximated by a spatially dependent volumetric ...


Numerical Analysis Of Two Phase Flow And Heat Transfer In Condensers, Pooya Mirzabeygi Aug 2014

Numerical Analysis Of Two Phase Flow And Heat Transfer In Condensers, Pooya Mirzabeygi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Steam surface condensers are commonly used in the power generation industry and their performance significantly affects the efficiency of the power plant. Therefore, it is vital to acquire a better understanding of the complex phenomena occurring inside condensers. A general three-dimensional numerical model is developed in this study to simulate the two-phase flow and heat transfer inside full-scale industrial condensers with irregular tube bundle shapes. The Eulerian-Eulerian two-phase model is selected to simulate gas and liquid flows and the interaction between them. A porous media approach is adopted to model the presence of large number of tubes in the condenser ...


Perovskite Catalysts Enhanced Combustion On Porous Media And Thermoelectric Power Conversion, Manuel Robayo Jan 2014

Perovskite Catalysts Enhanced Combustion On Porous Media And Thermoelectric Power Conversion, Manuel Robayo

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

A combustion chamber incorporating a high temperature porous matrix was design and tested. The effects and merits of combining combustion on porous media and catalytic enhancement were explored, in addition to the proof of concept of integrating these technologies with simple heat engines, such as thermoelectric generators, to generate efficient and reliable power. The direct observation of the flame during the combustion becomes possible due to a specially designed stainless steel chamber incorporating a quartz window where the initiation and propagation of the combustion reaction/flame was directly visible. The simple design of the combustion chamber allowed for a series ...


A Circuit-Based Algorithm For Two-Phase Flow At The Pore Scale In Porous Media, Todd Dorethy Jan 2014

A Circuit-Based Algorithm For Two-Phase Flow At The Pore Scale In Porous Media, Todd Dorethy

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Models of two-phase flow in porous media are of practical interest in many fields of science and engineering such as in oil recovery and hydrology. For this class of problem, an immiscible fluid is injected into a single-phase, porous medium to evict its valuable, native fluid. Because the aim is to amass as much of the indigenous fluid as possible, models attempt to output reliable flow regime patterns depicting how well the invading fluid displaces the native fluid.

Flow regime patterns generally depend upon the geometry of the domain, stimulation at the boundaries, and properties of the invading and native ...


A Novel Approach To Multiphysics Modeling Of Heat And Mass Transfer In Porous Media, Seth Allen Pemberton Dec 2013

A Novel Approach To Multiphysics Modeling Of Heat And Mass Transfer In Porous Media, Seth Allen Pemberton

Masters Theses

This thesis aims to investigate conjugate heat and mass transfer in porous media with an emphasis on textiles. Both hygroscopic materials, those that absorb water vapor, and non-hygroscopic materials are examined. A model was developed that utilizes COMSOL’s equation-based partial differential equation (PDE) interface which allows the user to input any equation(s) to be solved. By the use of experimental and numerical data each part of the model, i.e. flow field, gas diffusion, convection and vapor absorption, is verified. The accuracy of the equation-based unsteady flow field is verified by modeling the flow over a circular cylinder ...


Numerical Modelling Of Species Exchange In A 3d Porous Medium: Modelling Exchange Within The Human Lung, Chelsea E. Johnson Apr 2013

Numerical Modelling Of Species Exchange In A 3d Porous Medium: Modelling Exchange Within The Human Lung, Chelsea E. Johnson

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The volume-averaged oxygen transport equation is closed using a volume-averaged form of Fick’s law of diffusion between the air and tissue to simulate species exchange within the lungs’ alveoli using a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) 3D conjugate domain model. Pore level simulations of a terminal alveolated duct are used to determine that the transport of inhaled oxygen from the cluster inlet to the alveolar walls is diffusion dominated. The resistance to oxygen diffusion into the tissue is found to be a function of the tidal volume and tissue transport properties, with a maximum respiration frequency at which the full ...


Modeling, Numerical Analysis, And Predictions For The Detonation Of Multi-Component Energetic Solids, Michael Wayne Crochet Jan 2013

Modeling, Numerical Analysis, And Predictions For The Detonation Of Multi-Component Energetic Solids, Michael Wayne Crochet

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Metal powders are often used as an additive to conventional high explosives to enhance the post-detonation blast wave. Piston-impact simulations are commonly utilized to predict performance metrics such as detonation speed and strength, as well as assessing the impact and shock sensitivity of these materials. The system response is strongly influenced by the initial particle size distribution and material composition. Multiphase continuum models have been routinely applied at the macroscale to characterize the detonation of solid high explosives over engineering length scales. Current models lack a description of the physically permissible constitutive relations for mass transfer due to general chemical ...


Numerical Modelling Of Transport In Complex Porous Media: Metal Foams To The Human Lung, Christopher T. Degroot Jul 2012

Numerical Modelling Of Transport In Complex Porous Media: Metal Foams To The Human Lung, Christopher T. Degroot

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Transport in porous media has many practical applications in science and engineering. This work focuses on the development of numerical methods for analyzing porous media flows and uses two major applications, metal foams and the human lung, to demonstrate the capabilities of the methods. Both of these systems involve complex pore geometries and typically involve porous domains of complex shape. Such geometric complexities make the characterization of the relevant effective properties of the porous medium as well as the solution of the governing equations in conjugate fluid-porous domains challenging. In porous domains, there are typically too many individual pores to ...


Study Of Vocs Transport And Storage In Porous Media And Assemblies, Jing Xu May 2012

Study Of Vocs Transport And Storage In Porous Media And Assemblies, Jing Xu

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering - Dissertations

Indoor VOCs concentrations are influenced greatly by the transport and storage of VOCs in building and furnishing materials, majority of which belong to porous media. The transport and storage ability of a porous media for a given VOC can be characterized by its diffusion coefficient and partition coefficient, respectively, and such data are currently lacking. Besides, environmental conditions are another important factor that affects the VOCs emission. The main purposes of this dissertation are: (1) validate the similarity hypothesis between the transport of water vapor and VOCs in porous materials, and help build a database of VOC transport and storage ...


An Experiment On Integrated Thermal Management Using Metallic Foam, Derek M. Geiger May 2009

An Experiment On Integrated Thermal Management Using Metallic Foam, Derek M. Geiger

Master's Theses and Project Reports

This report details an approach to using metal foam heat exchangers inside an integrated thermal management system on a variable cycle engine. The propulsion system of interest is a variable cycle engine with an auxiliary, variable flow rate fan. The feasibility of utilizing an open-celled metallic foam heat exchanger in the ducting between the constant and variable-fans on this variable cycle engine to cool the avionics was explored using an experimental approach. Two heat exchangers, 6.3 inch width by 6.3 inch length by 0.5 inch thickness, were constructed from 20 and 40 pores per inch (PPI) metal ...


Pressure Drop And Endwall Heat Transfer Effects Of Porous Turbulators In A Rectangular Channel, Jared Pent Jan 2009

Pressure Drop And Endwall Heat Transfer Effects Of Porous Turbulators In A Rectangular Channel, Jared Pent

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the local and averaged endwall heat transfer effects of a staggered array of porous pin fins within a rectangular channel. The porous pin fins were made from aluminum and had a pore density of 10 pores per inch (PPI). The pressure drop through the channel was also determined for several flow rates and presented in terms of the friction factor. Local heat transfer coefficients on the endwall were measured using Thermochromic Liquid Crystal (TLC) sheets recorded with a charge-coupled device (CCD) camera. Static and total pressure measurements were taken at the entrance and exit of the test ...