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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Grain Size Effects In Selective Laser Melted Fe-Co-2v, Wesley Everhart, Joseph William Newkirk Sep 2019

Grain Size Effects In Selective Laser Melted Fe-Co-2v, Wesley Everhart, Joseph William Newkirk

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The material science of additive manufacturing (AM) has become a significant topic due to the unique way in which the material and geometry are created simultaneously. Major areas of research within inorganic materials include traditional structural materials, shape memory alloys, amorphous materials, and some new work in intermetallics. The unique thermal profiles created during selective laser melting (SLM) may provide new opportunities for processing intermetallics to improve mechanical and magnetic performance. A parameter set for the production of Fe-Co-2V material with additive manufacturing is developed and efforts are made to compare the traditional wrought alloy to the AM version of ...


A Displacement Controlled Fatigue Test Method For Additively Manufactured Materials, Mohammad Masud Parvez, Yitao Chen, Sreekar Karnati, Connor Coward, Joseph William Newkirk, Frank W. Liou Aug 2019

A Displacement Controlled Fatigue Test Method For Additively Manufactured Materials, Mohammad Masud Parvez, Yitao Chen, Sreekar Karnati, Connor Coward, Joseph William Newkirk, Frank W. Liou

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

A novel adaptive displacement-controlled test setup was developed for fatigue testing on mini specimens. In property characterization of additive manufacturing materials, mini specimens are preferred due to the specimen preparation, and manufacturing cost but mini specimens demonstrate higher fatigue strength than standard specimens due to the lower probability of material defects resulting in fatigue. In this study, a dual gauge section Krouse type mini specimen was designed to conduct fatigue tests on additively manufactured materials. The large surface area of the specimen with a constant stress distribution and increased control volume as the gauge section may capture all different types ...


Braze For Ceramic And Ceramic Matrix Composite Components, Sean E. Landwehr, Scott Nelson, Jeremy Lee Watts, Greg Hilmas, William Fahrenholtz, Derek Scott King Jul 2019

Braze For Ceramic And Ceramic Matrix Composite Components, Sean E. Landwehr, Scott Nelson, Jeremy Lee Watts, Greg Hilmas, William Fahrenholtz, Derek Scott King

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

In some examples, a technique may include positioning a first part comprising a ceramic or ceramic matrix composite and a second part comprising a ceramic or a CMC adjacent to each other to define a joint region at the interface of the first part and the second part. In some examples, the joint region may be heated using at least one of a laser or a plasma arc source to heat the joint region to an elevated temperature. The first and second parts may be pressed together and cooled to join the first and second parts at the joint region ...


Mechanical Properties Of Heusler Alloys, Wesley Everhart, Joseph William Newkirk May 2019

Mechanical Properties Of Heusler Alloys, Wesley Everhart, Joseph William Newkirk

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Heusler alloys have been a significant topic of research due to their unique electronic structure, which exhibits half-metallicity, and a wide variety of properties such as magneto-calorics, thermoelectrics, and magnetic shape memory effects. As the maturity of these materials grows and commercial applications become more near-term, the mechanical properties of these materials become an important factor to both their processing as well as their final use. Very few studies have experimentally investigated mechanical properties, but those that exist are reviewed within the context of their magnetic performance and application space with specific focus on elastic properties, hardness and strength, and ...


Hydration Of Binary Portland Cement Blends Containing Silica Fume: A Decoupling Method To Estimate Degrees Of Hydration And Pozzolanic Reaction, Wenyu Liao, Xiao Sun, Aditya Kumar, Hongfang Sun, Hongyan Ma Apr 2019

Hydration Of Binary Portland Cement Blends Containing Silica Fume: A Decoupling Method To Estimate Degrees Of Hydration And Pozzolanic Reaction, Wenyu Liao, Xiao Sun, Aditya Kumar, Hongfang Sun, Hongyan Ma

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Determination of degrees of hydration/reaction of components of blended cementitious systems (i. e., cement and SCMs: supplementary cementitious materials) is essential to estimate the systems' properties. Although the best methods for determining degrees of reaction of different SCMs have been recommended by RILEM TC238, they rely on either expensive equipment (e.g., nuclear magnetic resonance) or time-consuming sample preparation and data processing (e.g., backscattered electron image analysis). Furthermore, these methods cannot simultaneously characterize degree of hydration of cement and degree of reaction of SCMs. A novel decoupling method, which can simultaneously estimate the degree of hydration of cement ...


Geometric Effects Of Open Hollow Hydroxyapatite Microspheres Influence Bone Repair And Regeneration In Sprague Dawley Rats, Youqu Shen, M. N. Rahaman, Yongxian Liu, Yue-Wern Huang Apr 2019

Geometric Effects Of Open Hollow Hydroxyapatite Microspheres Influence Bone Repair And Regeneration In Sprague Dawley Rats, Youqu Shen, M. N. Rahaman, Yongxian Liu, Yue-Wern Huang

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Effective regeneration of bone defects caused by trauma or chronic diseases is a significant clinical challenge. Bone deficiency is overcome using treatments that rely on bone regeneration and augmentation. While various treatments have been investigated with encouraging results, complete and predictable bone reconstruction is often difficult [1]. Synthetic bone grafts have advantages such as consistent quality, safety, and good tissue tolerance. They usually function as inert or osteoconductive implants. Encouraging results from synthetic grafts have been reported. For instance, hollow hydroxyapatite (HA) microspheres showed the ability to facilitate bone repair in rats with non-healing calvarial defects [2,3]. However, new ...


Control Upstream Austenite Grain Coarsening During Thin Slab Casting Direct Rolling (Tscdr) Process, Tihe Zhou, Ronald J. O'Malley, Hatem S. Zurob, Mani Subramanian, San-Hyun Cho, Peng Zhang Feb 2019

Control Upstream Austenite Grain Coarsening During Thin Slab Casting Direct Rolling (Tscdr) Process, Tihe Zhou, Ronald J. O'Malley, Hatem S. Zurob, Mani Subramanian, San-Hyun Cho, Peng Zhang

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Thin-slab cast direct-rolling (TSCDR) has become a major process for flat-rolled production. However, the elimination of slab reheating and limited number of thermomechanical deformation passes leave fewer opportunities for austenite grain refinement, resulting in some large grains persisting in the final microstructure. In order to achieve excellent ductile to brittle transition temperature (DBTT) and drop weight tear test (DWTT) properties in thicker gauge high-strength low-alloy products, it is necessary to control austenite grain coarsening prior to the onset of thermomechanical processing. This contribution proposes a suite of methods to refine the austenite grain from both theoretical and practical perspectives, including ...


The Effects Of Silica On The Properties Of Vitreous Enamels, Signo Tadeu Dos Reis, Mike Koenigstein, Liang Fan, Genda Chen, Luka Pavic, Andrea Mogus-Milankovic Dec 2018

The Effects Of Silica On The Properties Of Vitreous Enamels, Signo Tadeu Dos Reis, Mike Koenigstein, Liang Fan, Genda Chen, Luka Pavic, Andrea Mogus-Milankovic

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Ground coat enamels for low carbon steel that contain silica as a mill addition have been developed to study the changes of their properties. Acid-resistant commercial enamel where silica addition was varied from 0 to 10.0 wt % was used for this investigation. The effects of the addition on the corrosion resistance, thermal properties, electrical properties, and mechanical adherence of the enamel to low carbon steel were studied. The corrosion resistance of the steel enameled coupons was tested using a salt spray (fog) apparatus for time periods reaching 168 h at room temperature. It was found that, although the density ...


A High-Entropy Alloy With Hierarchical Nanoprecipitates And Ultrahigh Strength, Zhiqiang Fu, Lin Jiang, Haiming Wen, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website. Oct 2018

A High-Entropy Alloy With Hierarchical Nanoprecipitates And Ultrahigh Strength, Zhiqiang Fu, Lin Jiang, Haiming Wen, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website.

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

High-entropy alloys (HEAs) are a class of metallic materials that have revolutionized alloy design. They are known for their high compressive strengths, often greater than 1 GPa; however, the tensile strengths of most reported HEAs are limited. Here, we report a strategy for the design and fabrication of HEAs that can achieve ultrahigh tensile strengths. The proposed strategy involves the introduction of a high density of hierarchical intragranular nanoprecipitates. To establish the validity of this strategy, we designed and fabricated a bulk Fe25Co25Ni25Al10Ti115 HEA to consist of a principal face-centered cubic ...


Fabricating Functionally Graded Materials By Ceramic On-Demand Extrusion With Dynamic Mixing, Wenbin Li, Austin J. Martin, Benjamin Kroehler, Alexander M. Henderson, Tieshu Huang, Jeremy Lee Watts, Greg Hilmas, Ming-Chuan Leu Aug 2018

Fabricating Functionally Graded Materials By Ceramic On-Demand Extrusion With Dynamic Mixing, Wenbin Li, Austin J. Martin, Benjamin Kroehler, Alexander M. Henderson, Tieshu Huang, Jeremy Lee Watts, Greg Hilmas, Ming-Chuan Leu

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Ceramic On-Demand Extrusion (CODE) is an extrusion-based additive manufacturing process recently developed for fabricating dense, functional ceramic components. Presented in this paper is a further development of this process focusing on fabrication of functionally graded materials (FGM). A dynamic mixing mechanism was developed for mixing constituent ceramic pastes, and an extrusion control scheme was developed for fabricating specimens with desired material compositions graded in real time. FGM specimens with compositions graded between Al2O3 and ZrO2 were fabricated and ultimately densified by sintering to validate the effectiveness of the CODE process for FGM fabrication. Energy dispersive spectroscopy ...


Repeated Loading Model For Elastic-Plastic Contact Of Geomaterial, Jian Wang, Qimin Li, Changwei Yang, Caizhi Zhou Jul 2018

Repeated Loading Model For Elastic-Plastic Contact Of Geomaterial, Jian Wang, Qimin Li, Changwei Yang, Caizhi Zhou

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

A new nonlinear hysteretic model with considering the loading, unloading, and reloading processes is developed based on Drucker—Prager yield criterion and finite-element analysis. This model can be used for multiple repeated elastic—plastic normal direction contact problems between two identical spherical geomaterials. After examining the influence of material properties, strain hardening, and loading histories, we found that the hysteretic phenomena (represented by residual displacement and plastic work) become weak after the first cycle, and the subsequent cycles step into elastic shakedown state eventually. A critical number of cycles can be used to estimate the state of ratchetting, plastic shakedown ...


Formation Of Chromium-Iron Carbide By Carbon Diffusion In AlₓCocrfenicu High-Entropy Alloys, Mohsen Beyramali Kivy, Caitlin S. Kriewall, Mohsen Asle Zaeem Jun 2018

Formation Of Chromium-Iron Carbide By Carbon Diffusion In AlₓCocrfenicu High-Entropy Alloys, Mohsen Beyramali Kivy, Caitlin S. Kriewall, Mohsen Asle Zaeem

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Effect of the addition of carbon on phase formations in AlxCoCrFeNiCu (x = 0.3, 1.5, 2.8) high-entropy alloys (HEAs) was studied. Free diffusion of carbon from graphite crucible resulted in the partitioning of the entire Cr from the matrix and the formation of the (Cr,Fe)23C6 phase in all HEAs. No other metal-carbide phase was detected. The formation of (Cr,Fe)23C6 enhanced the overall hardness of the HEAs. By increasing the amount of Al, the Cr amount decreased resulting in the reduction of carbon diffusion and volume fraction of the ...


Corrosion Resistance Of Pipeline Steel With Damaged Enamel Coating And Cathodic Protection, Liang Fan, Signo Tadeu Dos Reis, Genda Chen, Michael L. Koenigstein May 2018

Corrosion Resistance Of Pipeline Steel With Damaged Enamel Coating And Cathodic Protection, Liang Fan, Signo Tadeu Dos Reis, Genda Chen, Michael L. Koenigstein

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

This paper presents the first report on the corrosion resistance of pipeline steel with damaged enamel coating and cathodic protection in 3.5 wt % NaCl solution. In particular, dual cells are set up to separate the solution in contact with the damaged and intact enamel coating areas, to produce a local corrosion resistance measurement for the first time. Enamel-coated steel samples, with two levels of cathodic protection, are tested to investigate their impedance by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and their cathodic current demand by a potentiostatic test. Due to its glass transition temperature, the enamel-coated pipeline can be operated on ...


Elucidating The Effect Of Water-To-Cement Ratio On The Hydration Mechanisms Of Cement, Aida Margarita Ley-Hernandez, Jonathan Lapeyre, Rachel Cook, Aditya Kumar, Dimitri Feys May 2018

Elucidating The Effect Of Water-To-Cement Ratio On The Hydration Mechanisms Of Cement, Aida Margarita Ley-Hernandez, Jonathan Lapeyre, Rachel Cook, Aditya Kumar, Dimitri Feys

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The hydration of cement is often modeled as a phase boundary nucleation and growth (pBNG) process. Classical pBNG models, based on the use of isotropic and constant growth rate of the main hydrate, that is, calcium-silicate-hydrate (C-S-H), are unable to explain the lack of any significant effect of the water-to-cement (w/c) ratio on the hydration kinetics of cement. This paper presents a modified form of the pBNG model, in which the anisotropic growth of C-S-H is allowed to vary in relation to the nonlinear evolution of its supersaturation in solution. Results show that once the supercritical C-S-H nuclei form ...


Efficiency Of Solid Inclusion Removal From The Steel Melt By Ceramic Foam Filter: Design And Experimental Validation, Soumava Chakraborty, Ronald J. O'Malley, Laura Bartlett, Mingzhi Xu Apr 2018

Efficiency Of Solid Inclusion Removal From The Steel Melt By Ceramic Foam Filter: Design And Experimental Validation, Soumava Chakraborty, Ronald J. O'Malley, Laura Bartlett, Mingzhi Xu

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

An investigation was performed to measure the efficiency of solid alumina inclusion removal by filtration during casting. A mold design was developed using modeling software to produce two castings that fill simultaneously, one with a filter and the other without a filter. The design avoided vortex formation and thus air entrainment, which helped to avoid reoxidation inside the mold cavity. Samples from these castings were analyzed utilizing an SEM/EDS system with automated feature analysis (AFA) to measure the efficiency of inclusion removal using a 20 ppi zirconia foam filter. This study also documents the occurrence of inclusion flotation and ...


Effects Of The Tempering And High-Pressure Torsion Temperatures Onmicrostructure Of Ferritic/Martensitic Steel Grade 91, Artur Ganeev, Marina Nikitina, Vil Sitdikov, Rinat Islamgaliev, Andrew Hoffman, Haiming Wen Apr 2018

Effects Of The Tempering And High-Pressure Torsion Temperatures Onmicrostructure Of Ferritic/Martensitic Steel Grade 91, Artur Ganeev, Marina Nikitina, Vil Sitdikov, Rinat Islamgaliev, Andrew Hoffman, Haiming Wen

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Grade 91 (9Cr-1Mo) steel was subjected to various heat treatments and then to high-pressure torsion (HPT) at different temperatures. Its microstructure was studied using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Effects of the tempering temperature and the HPT temperature on the microstructural features and microhardness in the ultrafine-grained (UFG) Grade 91 steel were researched. The study of the UFG structure formation takes into account two different microstructures observed: before HPT in both samples containing martensite and in fully ferritic samples.


Understanding Homogeneous Nucleation In Solidification Of Aluminum By Molecular Dynamics Simulations, A. Mahata, Mohsen Asle Zaeem, M. I. Baskes Mar 2018

Understanding Homogeneous Nucleation In Solidification Of Aluminum By Molecular Dynamics Simulations, A. Mahata, Mohsen Asle Zaeem, M. I. Baskes

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Homogeneous nucleation from aluminum (Al) melt was investigated by million-atom molecular dynamics simulations utilizing the second nearest neighbor modified embedded atom method potentials. The natural spontaneous homogenous nucleation from the Al melt was produced without any influence of pressure, free surface effects and impurities. Initially isothermal crystal nucleation from undercooled melt was studied at different constant temperatures, and later superheated Al melt was quenched with different cooling rates. The crystal structure of nuclei, critical nucleus size, critical temperature for homogenous nucleation, induction time, and nucleation rate were determined. The quenching simulations clearly revealed three temperature regimes: sub-critical nucleation, super-critical nucleation ...


Recent Advances In Study Of Solid-Liquid Interfaces And Solidification Of Metals, Mohsen Asle Zaeem Feb 2018

Recent Advances In Study Of Solid-Liquid Interfaces And Solidification Of Metals, Mohsen Asle Zaeem

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Solidification occurs in several material processing methods, such as in casting, welding, and laser additive manufacturing of metals, and it controls the nano- and microstructures, as well as the overall properties of the products. Recent advancements in experimental and computational modeling techniques have made it possible to more effectively study atomistic and microscale mechanisms that control the solidification nano- and microstructures, and formation and evolution of solidification defects.


Multifunctional Cerium-Based Nanomaterials And Methods For Producing The Same, Matthew O'Keefe, William Fahrenholtz, Carlos E. Castano Londono Jan 2018

Multifunctional Cerium-Based Nanomaterials And Methods For Producing The Same, Matthew O'Keefe, William Fahrenholtz, Carlos E. Castano Londono

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Embodiments relate to a cerium-containing nano-coating composition, the composition including an amorphous matrix including one or more of cerium oxide, cerium hydroxide, and cerium phosphate; and crystalline regions including one or more of crystalline cerium oxide, crystalline cerium hydroxide, and crystalline cerium phosphate. The diameter of each crystalline region is less than about 50 nanometers.


A Simple Model For Elastic-Plastic Contact Of Granular Geomaterials, Jian Wang, Qimin Li, Changwei Yang, Yidan Huang, Caizhi Zhou Jan 2018

A Simple Model For Elastic-Plastic Contact Of Granular Geomaterials, Jian Wang, Qimin Li, Changwei Yang, Yidan Huang, Caizhi Zhou

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

We propose a simple elastic-plastic contact model by considering the interaction of two spheres in the normal direction, for use in discrete element method (DEM) simulations of geomaterials. This model has been developed by using the finite element method (FEM) and nonlinear fitting methods, in the form of power-law relation of the dimensionless normal force and displacement. Only four parameters are needed for each loading-unloading contact process between two spheres, which are relevant to material properties evaluated by FEM simulations. Within the given range of material properties, those four parameters can be quickly accessed by interpolating the data appended or ...


Factors Affecting The Evolution Of Inclusion Populations During Steelmaking And Casting Processes, Obinna Adaba, Laura Bartlett, Mingzhi Xu, Ronald J. O'Malley Dec 2017

Factors Affecting The Evolution Of Inclusion Populations During Steelmaking And Casting Processes, Obinna Adaba, Laura Bartlett, Mingzhi Xu, Ronald J. O'Malley

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Investigations into the evolution of inclusion populations during ladle processing and continuous casting are reviewed. Details of the steelmaking practices employed in BOP and EAF steelmaking have been observed to have a strong influence on the size distribution, quantity, composition, phases and morphology of the final inclusion population delivered to the caster. Examples of the effects of different processing paths on the evolution of inclusion populations are presented. The importance of preexisting inclusion populations on the formation and removal of new inclusion populations is also reviewed and discussed.


Nanograin Size Effects On The Strength Of Biphase Nanolayered Composites, Sixie Huang, Irene J. Beyerlein, Caizhi Zhou Dec 2017

Nanograin Size Effects On The Strength Of Biphase Nanolayered Composites, Sixie Huang, Irene J. Beyerlein, Caizhi Zhou

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

In this work, we employ atomic-scale simulations to uncover the interface-driven deformation mechanisms in biphase nanolayered composites. Two internal boundaries persist in these materials, the interlayer crystalline boundaries and intralayer biphase interfaces, and both have nanoscale dimensions. These internal surfaces are known to control the activation and motion of dislocations, and despite the fact that most of these materials bear both types of interfaces. From our calculations, we find that the first defect event, signifying yield, is controlled by the intralayer spacing (grain size, d), and not the intralayer biphase spacing (layer thickness, h). The interplay of two internal sizes ...


Effective Mechanical Properties Of Multilayer Nano-Heterostructures, T Mukhopadhyay, A Mahata, S Adhikari, Mohsen Asle Zaeem Nov 2017

Effective Mechanical Properties Of Multilayer Nano-Heterostructures, T Mukhopadhyay, A Mahata, S Adhikari, Mohsen Asle Zaeem

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Two-dimensional and quasi-two-dimensional materials are important nanostructures because of their exciting electronic, optical, thermal, chemical and mechanical properties. However, a single-layer nanomaterial may not possess a particular property adequately, or multiple desired properties simultaneously. Recently a new trend has emerged to develop nano-heterostructures by assembling multiple monolayers of different nanostructures to achieve various tunable desired properties simultaneously. For example, transition metal dichalcogenides such as MoS2 show promising electronic and piezoelectric properties, but their low mechanical strength is a constraint for practical applications. This barrier can be mitigated by considering graphene-MoS2 heterostructure, as graphene possesses strong mechanical properties. We ...


Effects Of Specimen Size And Yttria Concentration On Mechanical Properties Of Single Crystalline Yttria-Stabilized Tetragonal Zirconia Nanopillars, Ning Zhang, Mohsen Asle Zaeem Jul 2017

Effects Of Specimen Size And Yttria Concentration On Mechanical Properties Of Single Crystalline Yttria-Stabilized Tetragonal Zirconia Nanopillars, Ning Zhang, Mohsen Asle Zaeem

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The nanoscale plastic deformation of yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia (YSTZ) is highly dependent on the crystallographic orientations, i.e., dislocation is induced when the loading direction is 45° tilted to {111} and {101} slip planes, while tetragonal to monoclinic phase transformation dominates the plastic deformation when loading direction is perpendicular to the slip planes. This study investigates the effects of specimen size and yttria concentration on the mechanical response of single crystalline YSTZ nanopillars. Through uniaxial compression test, the smaller-is-stronger phenomenon is revealed in nanopillars deformed through a dislocation motion mechanism. Serrated stacking faults are observed in the smallest nanopillar, while ...


Homogenization Of Plastic Deformation In Heterogeneous Lamella Structures, Rui Yuan, Irene J. Beyerlein, Caizhi Zhou Jul 2017

Homogenization Of Plastic Deformation In Heterogeneous Lamella Structures, Rui Yuan, Irene J. Beyerlein, Caizhi Zhou

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

It has been shown that unlike its constituent nanocrystalline (NC) phase, a heterogeneous lamella (HL) composite comprising NC and coarse-grain layers exhibits greatly improved ductility. To understand the origin of this enhancement, we present a 3D discrete dislocation, crystal plasticity finite element model to study the development of strains across this microstructure. Here we show that the HL structure homogenizes the plastic strains in the NC layer, weakening the effect of strain concentrations. These findings can provide valuable insight into the effects of material length scales on material instabilities, which is needed to design heterogeneous structures with superior properties.


The Role Of Ceramic And Glass Science Research In Meeting Societal Challenges: Report From An Nsf-Sponsored Workshop, Katherine T. Faber, Tewodros Asefa, Monika Backhaus-Ricoult, Richard K. Brow, Julie Y. Chan, Shen Dillon, William Fahrenholtz, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website. May 2017

The Role Of Ceramic And Glass Science Research In Meeting Societal Challenges: Report From An Nsf-Sponsored Workshop, Katherine T. Faber, Tewodros Asefa, Monika Backhaus-Ricoult, Richard K. Brow, Julie Y. Chan, Shen Dillon, William Fahrenholtz, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website.

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Under the sponsorship of the U.S. National Science Foundation, a workshop on emerging research opportunities in ceramic and glass science was held in September 2016. Reported here are proceedings of the workshop. The report details eight challenges identified through workshop discussions: Ceramic processing: Programmable design and assembly; The defect genome: Understanding, characterizing, and predicting defects across time and length scales; Functionalizing defects for unprecedented properties; Ceramic flatlands: Defining structure-property relations in free-standing, supported, and confined two-dimensional ceramics; Ceramics in the extreme: Discovery and design strategies; Ceramics in the extreme: Behavior of multimaterial systems; Understanding and exploiting glasses and melts ...


Control Of Columnar To Equiaxed Transition In Solidification Macrostructure Of Austenitic Stainless Steel Castings, Semen Naumovich Lekakh, Ronald J. O'Malley, Mark C. Emmendorfer, Brenton Hrebec Jan 2017

Control Of Columnar To Equiaxed Transition In Solidification Macrostructure Of Austenitic Stainless Steel Castings, Semen Naumovich Lekakh, Ronald J. O'Malley, Mark C. Emmendorfer, Brenton Hrebec

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Solidification macrostructure is of great importance for the properties and the quality of castings made from austenitic grade stainless steels (ASS) because there are limited options to change as-cast macrostructure in the solid condition. A typical cast macrostructure of ASS has a fine surface chilled zone followed by an elongated dendrite zone, columnar to equiaxed transition (CET) zone, and centrally located equiaxed crystals. Several castings from ASS were produced to determine the effects of casting geometry, chilling, and grain refinement on CET. The transient thermal field in solidified heavy castings was simulated and used to determine an isotherm velocity (V ...


Super-Strong Materials For Temperatures Exceeding 2000 ⁰C, Laura Silvestroni, Hans Joachim Kleebe, William Fahrenholtz, Jeremy Lee Watts Jan 2017

Super-Strong Materials For Temperatures Exceeding 2000 ⁰C, Laura Silvestroni, Hans Joachim Kleebe, William Fahrenholtz, Jeremy Lee Watts

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Ceramics based on group IV-V transition metal borides and carbides possess melting points above 3000⁰C, are ablation resistant and are, therefore, candidates for the design of components of next generation space vehicles, rocket nozzle inserts, and nose cones or leading edges for hypersonic aerospace vehicles. As such, they will have to bear high thermo-mechanical loads, which makes strength at high temperature of great importance. While testing of these materials above 2000⁰C is necessary to prove their capabilities at anticipated operating temperatures, literature reports are quite limited. Reported strength values for zirconium diboride (ZrB2) ceramics can exceed 1 GPa at ...


Computational Modelling For Phase Transformation Prediction In Super-Invar Alloys: Analytical And Experimental Data, Alexander S. Zhilin, Valeria R. Ramazanova, Joseph William Newkirk, Tarak A. Amine, Deborah Alvarenga Dec 2016

Computational Modelling For Phase Transformation Prediction In Super-Invar Alloys: Analytical And Experimental Data, Alexander S. Zhilin, Valeria R. Ramazanova, Joseph William Newkirk, Tarak A. Amine, Deborah Alvarenga

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The possibility of using computational modelling to predict phase transformation processes has been shown while examining super-invar samples. Due to the complicity of phase transformation processes in these alloys the correlation between modelling and experimental work has been described. Modelling allows basic background of composition behavior to be predicted but it doesn`t give the real structure components.


Strain Phase Separation: Formation Of Ferroelastic Domain Structures, Fei Xue, Yongjun Li, Yijia Gu, Jinxing Zhang, Long-Qing Chen Dec 2016

Strain Phase Separation: Formation Of Ferroelastic Domain Structures, Fei Xue, Yongjun Li, Yijia Gu, Jinxing Zhang, Long-Qing Chen

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Phase decomposition is a well-known process leading to the formation of two-phase mixtures. Here we show that a strain imposed on a ferroelastic crystal promotes the formation of mixed phases and domains, i.e., strain phase separation with local strains determined by a common tangent construction on the free energy versus strain curves. It is demonstrated that a domain structure can be understood using the concepts of domain/phase rule, lever rule, and coherent and incoherent strain phase separation, in a complete analogy to phase decomposition. The proposed strain phase separation model is validated using phase-field simulations and experimental observations ...