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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Educational Data Mining For Predicting University Students' Performance, To Enhance University Admission Criteria, Youssef Amr Naga May 2022

Educational Data Mining For Predicting University Students' Performance, To Enhance University Admission Criteria, Youssef Amr Naga

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis aims to propose and evaluate possible predictors of success for incoming university students to the American University in Cairo (AUC) who wish to enroll in its engineering programs, by considering their overall grade point average (GPA) at graduation as the measure of their success (output variable). This study is composed of two phases. First, available university admission variables; i.e., gender, high school diploma, high school score, and proficiency level in the English language (the language of instruction at AUC) at the time of application are evaluated as a predictor of students’ performance using five different data mining ...


Experimental Characterization And Manufacture Of Polymer Nanocomposite Dielectric Coatings For High-Temperature Superconductor Applications, Jacob Ryan Mahon May 2022

Experimental Characterization And Manufacture Of Polymer Nanocomposite Dielectric Coatings For High-Temperature Superconductor Applications, Jacob Ryan Mahon

Theses and Dissertations

Increased implementation of high-temperature superconducting (HTS) power transmission has the potential to revolutionize the efficiency of electrical grids and help unlock a fully electric transportation infrastructure. Realizing the benefits of HTS systems has been impeded by a lack of available dielectric insulation materials that can 1) withstand the extreme cryogenic operating environment of superconductors and 2) demonstrate low temperature processing that is compatible with existing superconductor manufacturing methods. Solving this problem necessitates a high-performance dielectric material with multifunctional properties specifically suited for operation in HTS systems. A polyamide and silicon dioxide (PA/SiO2) nanocomposite material with exceptional thermal stability has ...


Mechanical Property Relationships Of Cement Or Lime Stabilized Soils Throughout A Pavement's Life, Leigh E.W. Ayers May 2022

Mechanical Property Relationships Of Cement Or Lime Stabilized Soils Throughout A Pavement's Life, Leigh E.W. Ayers

Theses and Dissertations

Soil-cement is an integral part of pavement design, especially in areas that are aggregate deprived, such as Mississippi. Current designs are reliant on the relationship of unconfined compressive strength (UCS) to other mechanical properties. The other properties discussed in this dissertation are Modulus of Elasticity (E), Indirect Tensile Strength (St), and Modulus of Rupture (MOR). This dissertation includes a comprehensive review of past design methods and mechanical property relationships. While some mechanical property relationships were shown to be well understood (i.e. St to UCS), others were not as accurate, especially for the later life mechanical properties (i.e. MOR ...


Direct Simulation And Reduced-Order Modeling Of Premixed Flame Response To Acoustic Modulation, Zheng Qiao May 2022

Direct Simulation And Reduced-Order Modeling Of Premixed Flame Response To Acoustic Modulation, Zheng Qiao

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation introduces a general, predictive and cost-efficient reduced-order modeling (ROM) technique for characterization of flame response under acoustic modulation. The model is built upon the kinematic flame model–G-equation to describe the flame topology and dynamics, and the novelties of the ROM lie in i) a procedure to create the compatible base flow that can reproduce the correct flame geometry and ii) the use of a physically-consistent acoustic modulation field for the characterization of flame response. This ROM addresses the significant limitations of the classical kinematic model, which is only applicable to simple flame configurations and relies on ad-hoc ...


Analysis And Implementation Of Low Fidelity Radar-Based Remote Sensing For Unmanned Aircraft Systems, Matthew Duck May 2022

Analysis And Implementation Of Low Fidelity Radar-Based Remote Sensing For Unmanned Aircraft Systems, Matthew Duck

Theses and Dissertations

Radar-based remote sensing is consistently growing, and new technologies and subsequent techniques for characterization are changing the feasibility of understanding the environment. The emergence of easily accessible unmanned aircraft system (UAS) has broadened the scope of possibilities for efficiently surveying the world. The continued development of low-cost sensing systems has greatly increased the accessibility to characterize physical phenomena. In this thesis, we explore the viability and implementation of using UAS as a means of radar-based remote sensing for ground penetrating radar (GPR) and polarimetric scatterometry. Additionally, in this thesis, we investigate the capabilities and implementations of low-cost microwave technologies for ...


Recognizing Traffic Signaling Gestures Through Automotive Sensors., Benjamin James Bartlett May 2022

Recognizing Traffic Signaling Gestures Through Automotive Sensors., Benjamin James Bartlett

Theses and Dissertations

As technology advances with each new day, so do the applications and uses of the different modalities of technology, including transportation, particularly in ADAS vehicles. These systems allow the vehicle to avoid collisions, change lanes, adjust the vehicle’s speed, and more without the need of driver input. However, each sensor type has a weakness, and most advanced driver- assisted system (ADAS) vehicles rely heavily on sensors, such as RGB cameras, radars, and LiDAR sensors. These visual-based sensors may collect very noisy data in cloudy, raining, foggy, or other obscuring phenomena. Radar, on the other hand, does not rely on ...


Automotive Sensor Fusion Systems For Traffic Aware Adaptive Cruise Control, Jonah T. Gandy May 2022

Automotive Sensor Fusion Systems For Traffic Aware Adaptive Cruise Control, Jonah T. Gandy

Theses and Dissertations

The autonomous driving (AD) industry is advancing at a rapid pace. New sensing technology for tracking vehicles, controlling vehicle behavior, and communicating with infrastructure are being added to commercial vehicles. These new automotive technologies reduce on road fatalities, improve ride quality, and improve vehicle fuel economy. This research explores two types of automotive sensor fusion systems: a novel radar/camera sensor fusion system using a long shortterm memory (LSTM) neural network (NN) to perform data fusion improving tracking capabilities in a simulated environment and a traditional radar/camera sensor fusion system that is deployed in Mississippi State’s entry in ...


Photocatalytic Degradation Of Organic Contaminants By Titania Particles Produced By Flame Spray Pyrolysis, Noah Babik May 2022

Photocatalytic Degradation Of Organic Contaminants By Titania Particles Produced By Flame Spray Pyrolysis, Noah Babik

Theses and Dissertations

Advanced oxidation of organic pollutants with TiO2 photocatalysts is limited due to the wide bandgap of TiO2, 3.2 eV, which requires ultraviolet (UV) radiation. When nanosized TiO2 is modified by carbon doping, charge recombination is inhibited and the bandgap is narrowed, allowing for efficient photodegradation under visible light. Here, we propose a flame spray pyrolysis (FSP) technique to create TiO2. The facile process of FSP has been successful in preparing highly crystalline TiO2 nanoparticles. Using the same procedure to deposit TiO2 onto biochar, the photocatalyst was doped by the carbonaceous material. The morphology, crystalline and electronic structure of the ...


Assessment Of Mechanical Engineering Skills: A Synthesis Of Industry And Academic Graduate Level Curriculum Requirements, Francie Baker May 2022

Assessment Of Mechanical Engineering Skills: A Synthesis Of Industry And Academic Graduate Level Curriculum Requirements, Francie Baker

Theses and Dissertations

Students who graduate with an advanced degree in mechanical engineering are a diverse group in their path to post-baccalaureate degree attainment. Some students choose to obtain their master’s or Ph.D. post bachelors, but before they enter the workplace. Others enter the workforce and return as full-time students or progress on their advanced degrees while maintaining part- or full-time employment. Current accreditation standards for undergraduate degree programs are part of a changing landscape of standards and professional requirements that have adapted and continue to adapt as programs prepare students to work in professional engineering fields. Advanced degrees do not ...


Structural Sizing Of Post-Buckled Thermally Stressed Stiffened Panels, Walid Arsalane May 2022

Structural Sizing Of Post-Buckled Thermally Stressed Stiffened Panels, Walid Arsalane

Theses and Dissertations

Design of thermoelastic structures can be highly counterintuitive due to design-dependent loading and impact of geometric nonlinearity on the structural response. Thermal loading generates in-plane stresses in a restrained panel, but the presence of geometric nonlinearity creates an extension-bending coupling that results in considerable transverse displacement and variation in stiffness characteristics, and these affects are enhanced in post-bucking regimes. Herein a methodology for structural sizing of thermally stressed post-buckled stiffened panels is proposed and applied for optimization of the blade and hat stiffeners using a gradient-based optimizer. The stiffened panels are subjected to uniform thermal loading and optimized for minimum ...


Investigation Of Skid Resistance On Asphalt Pavements In Utah, Aaron B. Smith May 2022

Investigation Of Skid Resistance On Asphalt Pavements In Utah, Aaron B. Smith

Theses and Dissertations

Friction is one of the essential aspects of pavement performance and safety. Unfortunately, the rate at which the friction data are being collected exceeds the rate at which the data can be proficiently analyzed. Furthermore, the Utah Department of Transportation (UDOT) lacks long-term trend analysis for the many years of locked-wheel skid trailer (LWST) data collected in Utah. In addition, UDOT is missing a statistically adequate correlation equation between friction-testing devices. Likewise, only one method is used in Utah to prequalify aggregates for use in pavements. Finally, there has not been an investigation of the potential use of lithium silicate ...


Potential Of Grid-Scale Pv And Storage Facilities To Participate In Capacity Markets, Nicholas Giovannetti May 2022

Potential Of Grid-Scale Pv And Storage Facilities To Participate In Capacity Markets, Nicholas Giovannetti

Theses and Dissertations

The recent FERC Order 841 has provided an opportunity for grid-scale PV and battery facilities to participate in the capacity market providing ancillary services. Order 841 combined with steadily decreasing PVand battery costs and increasing demand for renewable energy, gives high potential for a PV and battery facility to be economically viable. In this study, an analysis tool is developed as an auxiliary to the PV + Storage + Control + Grid (PSCG) simulation to estimate the megawatts (MW) of dispatchable capacity that can be reliably offered by a PV and storage facility. Limits are based on grid connection, power electronics, and battery ...


Lidar Data Analysis Strategies To Determine Features Indicative Of At-Risk Coastal Sites, Ashley Elkins May 2022

Lidar Data Analysis Strategies To Determine Features Indicative Of At-Risk Coastal Sites, Ashley Elkins

Theses and Dissertations

Light detection and ranging (LiDAR) derived volume changes provide both visual and statistical information for how project shorelines change over time. For beach erosion control (BEC) and coastal storm risk management (CSRM) projects, changes across storm events are fundamental to understanding a project’s progress. The Coastal Systems Portfolio Initiative (CSPI) aims to document and track U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) projects in a holistic systems-based manner. This web based geographic information system currently lacks numerical metrics beyond fill volumes to represent a project’s progress or reliability. This study aims to identify potential reliability metrics using the ...


Adaptation Strategies To Mitigate Impacts Of Sea Level Rise On A Freshwater Aquifer Supply On A Barrier Island, Kaylyn Bellais May 2022

Adaptation Strategies To Mitigate Impacts Of Sea Level Rise On A Freshwater Aquifer Supply On A Barrier Island, Kaylyn Bellais

Theses and Dissertations

Adaptation strategies are used to reduce vulnerability in response to storms and sea-level rise (SLR). An adaptation tipping point for a barrier island is said to exist when an adaptation strategy fails. Previous studies have applied statistics to identify adaptation tipping points and construct adaptation pathways as a function of quantity of SLR. This study is focused on Alligator Lake and Oleander Pond on the barrier island Dauphin Island, AL; a site residents and community leaders identified as vulnerable to saltwater intrusion under future SLR conditions. Therefore, the purposes of this study are to numerically simulate impacts of a storm ...


Toward A Bio-Inspired System Architecting Framework: Simulation Of The Integration Of Autonomous Bus Fleets & Alternative Fuel Infrastructures In Closed Sociotechnical Environments, Ifezue Obiako May 2022

Toward A Bio-Inspired System Architecting Framework: Simulation Of The Integration Of Autonomous Bus Fleets & Alternative Fuel Infrastructures In Closed Sociotechnical Environments, Ifezue Obiako

Theses and Dissertations

Cities are set to become highly interconnected and coordinated environments composed of emerging technologies meant to alleviate or resolve some of the daunting issues of the 21st century such as rapid urbanization, resource scarcity, and excessive population demand in urban centers. These cybernetically-enabled built environments are expected to solve these complex problems through the use of technologies that incorporate sensors and other data collection means to fuse and understand large sums of data/information generated from other technologies and its human population. Many of these technologies will be pivotal assets in supporting and managing capabilities in various city sectors ranging ...


Adaptation Strategies To Mitigate Morphological Damage From Future Storms On Dauphin Island, Bailey Delaney May 2022

Adaptation Strategies To Mitigate Morphological Damage From Future Storms On Dauphin Island, Bailey Delaney

Theses and Dissertations

Barrier islands are low lying coastal islands that experience extreme morphological impacts due to coastal storms. As sea levels rise, barrier islands experience higher impacts due to storm waves propagating on top of elevated water levels and reaching further inland. This study focuses on Dauphin Island, which is one of the barrier islands in the Mississippi-Alabama barrier island chain located 6.5 kilometers off the coast of Mobile County, Alabama. Due to its low elevation and narrow width, the community of Dauphin Island presents a concern for sea level rise at the study site. With this concern, five different strategies ...


Experimental Study Of Moisture Effect On The Nanofiber Z-Threaded Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer Prepreg And Its Composite, Md Nazim Uddin May 2022

Experimental Study Of Moisture Effect On The Nanofiber Z-Threaded Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer Prepreg And Its Composite, Md Nazim Uddin

Theses and Dissertations

A persistent issue found in Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) manufacturing is moisture contamination. During manufacturing, this issue is present when a CFRP prepreg is carefully thawed, cut, stacked, and cured into the desired laminate. The moisture affects the structural integrity of the finished laminate and can present as voids. Recent advancements in carbon nanofiber (CNF) z-threaded CFRP (i.e., ZT-CFRP) prepreg have yielded laminates that have significant multifunctional improvements in, but are not limited to, mechanical strength, toughness, thermal conductivity, and electrical conductivity. This approach affects the microstructure of the laminate in which the CNF interlocks with the carbon ...


Observations On Infragravity Wave Energy During An Extreme Event On Dauphin Island, Alabama, Sean M. Mcquagge May 2022

Observations On Infragravity Wave Energy During An Extreme Event On Dauphin Island, Alabama, Sean M. Mcquagge

Theses and Dissertations

Infragravity (IG) waves are responsible for large volumes of sediment transport in the nearshore environment and therefore have a large influence on morphological changes to barrier islands, especially during extreme event scenarios. While IG waves have been studied at length in the nearshore, less research has been dedicated to their behavior and contributions to morphological change of barrier islands during extreme event overwash and inundation. Continuous measurements of water pressures were collected along two cross-shore transects on Dauphin Island, AL during Hurricane Nate (2017). Using small-amplitude wave theory, instantaneous water elevations were estimated from these pressures. In this study, these ...


Resilience Metrics At Panama City Beach, Florida, Scott L. Spurgeon May 2022

Resilience Metrics At Panama City Beach, Florida, Scott L. Spurgeon

Theses and Dissertations

The term resilience is often used to describe coastal engineering projects, but an increase in resilience has often simply been defined by the ability for a community to recover after an adverse event. This definition is incomplete as there has not been a clear quantitative definition of resilience regarding the coastal environment. Recent research had produced a GIS-based tool that provides a quantitative resilience metric to inform decisions related to engineering in the coastal environment, especially historically. Other research has developed a similar metric that uses Beach-fx results to calculate future resilience based on nourishment alternatives. This study uses the ...


A Novel Boundary Integral Formulation For Quantum Energy Eigenvalue Analysis And Its Application In A Model-Based Systems Engineering Framework For Quantum Systems Development, Mina Karimaghaei May 2022

A Novel Boundary Integral Formulation For Quantum Energy Eigenvalue Analysis And Its Application In A Model-Based Systems Engineering Framework For Quantum Systems Development, Mina Karimaghaei

Theses and Dissertations

In recent decades, the development and utilization of high-end technologies have increased noticeably. This progress has become possible by finding a complete understanding of physical rules in microscopic scales, such as quantum mechanics. Quantum technologies can be applied to various fields, including optics, superconduction, computing and simulation, precision measurement, and biomedical imaging to enhance the performance of relevant devices and systems. However, the complexity which emerges in the procedure of developing such devices can prevent one from taking advantage of potential quantum technologies to effectively develop these devices. In the current research, an attempt has been made to find a ...


Performance Of Resin Injection Ground Improvement In Silty Sand Based On Blast-Induced Liquefaction Testing In Christchurch, New Zealand, David Harold Blake Apr 2022

Performance Of Resin Injection Ground Improvement In Silty Sand Based On Blast-Induced Liquefaction Testing In Christchurch, New Zealand, David Harold Blake

Theses and Dissertations

Polyurethane resin injection is a treatment being considered as a replacement for traditional methods of ground improvement. It has been used to re-level foundations and concrete slabs that have settled over time. Additional claimed benefits of the treatment have been noted recently, including improved factors of safety against soil liquefaction and reduced earthquake-induced settlements. To investigate the capability of the polyurethane resin injection treatment to mitigate liquefaction, two full-scale blast liquefaction tests were performed; one test was conducted in an improved panel (IP), an 8 m circular area treated with the polyurethane resin in a 1.2 m triangular grid ...


Bio-Ionic Liquid Functionalized Hydrogels Towards Smart Tissue Regeneration, Vaishali Krishnadoss Apr 2022

Bio-Ionic Liquid Functionalized Hydrogels Towards Smart Tissue Regeneration, Vaishali Krishnadoss

Theses and Dissertations

A blend of scaffolds, biologically active molecules, and cells are required to assemble functional constructs to repair and regenerate damaged tissue or organ via tissue engineering. The scaffold supports cell growth and proliferation and acts as a medium for diverse cellular activities. Even though hydrogel's high-water content and flexible nature make it a pronounced applicant as a scaffold, they exhibit significant technical limitations such as the absence of cell-binding motifs, lack of oxygen, conductivity, adhesive properties, growth of cells in a 3-dimensional (3D) microenvironment. In this thesis, a novel material platform is evaluated and studied to address the concerns ...


Improving Predictions Of Vapor Pressure, Liquid Heat Capacity, And Heat Of Vaporization In Associating Fluids, Joseph C. Bloxham Apr 2022

Improving Predictions Of Vapor Pressure, Liquid Heat Capacity, And Heat Of Vaporization In Associating Fluids, Joseph C. Bloxham

Theses and Dissertations

Vapor pressure, heat of vaporization, and liquid heat capacity are linked through fundamental thermodynamic relationships. These related properties are essential for the safe design of many industrial processes, and measurement and prediction of these properties remains an essential part of modern thermodynamics research. DIPPR uses the fundamental relationships connecting these properties as a prediction method for all three, referred to as "the derivative method." DIPPR regards values predicted using the derivative method as highly accurate, even when compared to more traditional predictions. Despite the widespread interest in improving understanding of these properties, many questions remain regarding their prediction. Foremost among ...


Assessing Augmented Reality Instruction In Manufacturing Engineering Education, Janine Draper Price Apr 2022

Assessing Augmented Reality Instruction In Manufacturing Engineering Education, Janine Draper Price

Theses and Dissertations

Augmented Reality (AR) is fast-growing technology that has proved itself in many applications, including manufacturing environments. Manufacturing engineers benefit in an industrial environment by harnessing this technology in the workplace to guide workers through a variety of tasks. It is no longer a question on whether it is useful, but what are the best ways of applying the technology. Currently there are no published studies on ways to use augmented reality in a Manufacturing Engineering Educational Environment (MEEE). This study examines various ways that AR can be used in an MEEE setting and assesses the value of such applications. This ...


Evaluating Ramp Meter Wait Time In Utah, Tanner Jeffrey Daines Apr 2022

Evaluating Ramp Meter Wait Time In Utah, Tanner Jeffrey Daines

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to develop an algorithm that could predict ramp meter wait time at metered freeway on-ramps throughout the state of Utah using existing loop detector systems on the ramps. The loop detectors provided data in 60-second increments that include volume, occupancy, and the metering rate. Using these data sources, several ramp meter queue length algorithms were applied; these predicted queue lengths were then converted into wait times by using the metering rate provided by the detector data. A conservation model and several variations of a Kalman filter model generated predicted queue lengths and wait times ...


Prediction Of Springback In Aa6016-T4 Sheets Using Isotropic Finite Element And Epsc Modeling Approaches, Dane Roger Sargeant Apr 2022

Prediction Of Springback In Aa6016-T4 Sheets Using Isotropic Finite Element And Epsc Modeling Approaches, Dane Roger Sargeant

Theses and Dissertations

Strain path changes are common in complex automotive stampings, where sheet materials undergo a combination of drawing, stretching, and bending to achieve a desired part shape. Aluminum sheet alloys are increasingly used in vehicle structure light-weighting efforts, but limited formability and high levels of springback present challenges to the manufacturing and assembly processes. The current work explores springback levels in AA6016-T4 sheet after various pure bending operations, where sheets were first pre-strained in uniaxial, plane-strain, and biaxial tension. Finite element modeling of the pre-straining and subsequent bending operations will be performed using both isotropic and elasto-plastic self-consistent (EPSC) crystal plasticity ...


Efficacy Of Social Media Analysis As A Service (Smas) For Crisis Events, Rohit Kumar Khattar Apr 2022

Efficacy Of Social Media Analysis As A Service (Smas) For Crisis Events, Rohit Kumar Khattar

Theses and Dissertations

Social media data can be collected and analyzed during and after crisis events to aid in disaster relief efforts. Setting up a system to perform this analysis is associated with various technical challenges. This thesis presents the design and implementation of a social media analysis as a service system. This system is hosted on cloud infrastructure and allows for on demand collection, processing, and delivery of social media data via an intuitive web interface. The service model and cloud infrastructure allow the system to be highly scalable and produce near real time analysis data. A cost evaluation of the system ...


Playable Case Study Content Management System, Mitchell Stevenson Cross Apr 2022

Playable Case Study Content Management System, Mitchell Stevenson Cross

Theses and Dissertations

Educational simulations can help mitigate the natural gap between traditional education styles and the current professional world. Researchers at BYU have developed an educational simulation solution called Playable Case Studies (PCSs). PCSs are simulations that expose the user to real world scenarios and problems within a pre-built environment. With rising demand and use of these educational simulations, there is a need for easy and inexpensive ways to develop these simulations or Playable Case Studies (PCSs). We propose a content management system (CMS) that is tied to a system that utilizes dynamic modules that make up these simulations. We present a ...


Defining And Evaluating Design Patterns To Increase "This Is Not A Game" (Tinag), Lucia A. Mata Apr 2022

Defining And Evaluating Design Patterns To Increase "This Is Not A Game" (Tinag), Lucia A. Mata

Theses and Dissertations

TINAG, which stands for This is Not a Game, can be defined as "the concept that there are pervasive games, often ARGs, that are designed to immerse players in such a way that they suspend their disbelief in a fictional narrative and act like the world they have entered is real during their play time" (Pohjola 2004). Many designers and educators want to create games that appear real, but they are unsure of how to accomplish this. Increasing TINAG allows designers to create more realistic games while taking advantage of the many benefits that TINAG experiences offer. The purpose of ...


A New Approach For 3d Printed Microfluidic Device Design Based On Pre-Defined Components, Cassandra Ester Slaugh Apr 2022

A New Approach For 3d Printed Microfluidic Device Design Based On Pre-Defined Components, Cassandra Ester Slaugh

Theses and Dissertations

3D printing for microfluidic device fabrication has received considerable interest in recent years, in part driven by the potential to dramatically speed up device development by reducing device fabrication time to the minutes timescale. Moreover, in contrast to traditional cleanroom-based fabrication processes that require manual production and stacking of a limited number of layers, 3D printing allows full use of the 3D fabrication volume to lay out microfluidic elements with complex yet compact 3D geometries. The Nordin group has successfully developed multiple generations of high resolution printers and materials for microfluidic devices that achieve this vision. However, because of the ...