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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Perspective On Coarse-Graining, Cognitive Load, And Materials Simulation, Eric Jankowski, Nealee Ellyson, Jenny W. Fothergill, Michael M. Henry, Mitchell H. Leibowitz, Evan D. Miller, Mone't Alberts, Jamie D. Guevara, Chris D. Jones, Mia Klopfenstein, Kendra K. Noneman, Rachel Singleton, Matthew L. Jones Jan 2020

Perspective On Coarse-Graining, Cognitive Load, And Materials Simulation, Eric Jankowski, Nealee Ellyson, Jenny W. Fothergill, Michael M. Henry, Mitchell H. Leibowitz, Evan D. Miller, Mone't Alberts, Jamie D. Guevara, Chris D. Jones, Mia Klopfenstein, Kendra K. Noneman, Rachel Singleton, Matthew L. Jones

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

The predictive capabilities of computational materials science today derive from overlapping advances in simulation tools, modeling techniques, and best practices. We outline this ecosystem of molecular simulations by explaining how important contributions in each of these areas have fed into each other. The combined output of these tools, techniques, and practices is the ability for researchers to advance understanding by efficiently combining simple models with powerful software. As specific examples, we show how the prediction of organic photovoltaic morphologies have improved by orders of magnitude over the last decade, and how the processing of reacting epoxy thermosets can now be ...


Anomalous Stranski-Krastanov Growth Of (111)-Oriented Quantum Dots With Tunable Wetting Layer Thickness, Christopher F. Schuck, Simon K. Roy, Trent Garrett, Paul J. Simmonds Dec 2019

Anomalous Stranski-Krastanov Growth Of (111)-Oriented Quantum Dots With Tunable Wetting Layer Thickness, Christopher F. Schuck, Simon K. Roy, Trent Garrett, Paul J. Simmonds

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Driven by tensile strain, GaAs quantum dots (QDs) self-assemble on In0.52Al0.48As(111)A surfaces lattice-matched to InP substrates. In this study, we show that the tensile-strained self-assembly process for these GaAs(111)A QDs unexpectedly deviates from the well-known Stranski-Krastanov (SK) growth mode. Traditionally, QDs formed via the SK growth mode form on top of a flat wetting layer (WL) whose thickness is fixed. The inability to tune WL thickness has inhibited researchers’ attempts to fully control QD-WL interactions in these hybrid 0D-2D quantum systems. In contrast, using microscopy, spectroscopy, and computational modeling, we ...


Characterization Of Zirconium Oxides Part I: Raman Mapping And Spectral Feature Analysis, Corey M. Efaw, Jordan L. Vandegrift, Michael Reynolds, Samuel Mcmurdie, Brian J. Jaques, Hui Xiong, Michael F. Hurley Dec 2019

Characterization Of Zirconium Oxides Part I: Raman Mapping And Spectral Feature Analysis, Corey M. Efaw, Jordan L. Vandegrift, Michael Reynolds, Samuel Mcmurdie, Brian J. Jaques, Hui Xiong, Michael F. Hurley

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Raman mapping of sectioned zirconium cladding oxides was performed to analyze different spectral features before and after breakaway, as well as between zirconium and its alloys Zr-2.65Nb, Zry-3, and Zry-4. Oxide phase composition, or percent tetragonality, was defined to compare tetragonal to monoclinic zirconia. Percent tetragonality was spatially mapped to support distinction of zirconia phase distribution. A tetragonal-rich layer was seen at the metal/oxide interface, while post-breakaway samples exhibited increased amount of tetragonal phase in the bulk of their oxides. Spatial mapping of spectral peak location and half-width at half-maximum was accomplished to distinguish differences in stability mechanisms ...


Machine Learning Predictions Electronic Couplings For Charge Transport Calculations Of P3ht, Evan D. Miller, Matthew L. Jones, Mike M. Henry, Bryan Stanfill, Eric Jankowski Dec 2019

Machine Learning Predictions Electronic Couplings For Charge Transport Calculations Of P3ht, Evan D. Miller, Matthew L. Jones, Mike M. Henry, Bryan Stanfill, Eric Jankowski

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

The purpose of this work is to lower the computational cost of predicting charge mobilities in organic semiconductors, which will benefit the screening of candidates for inexpensive solar power generation. We characterize efforts to minimize the number of expensive quantum chemical calculations we perform by training machines to predict electronic couplings between monomers of poly-(3-hexylthiophene). We test five machine learning techniques and identify random forests as the most accurate, information-dense, and easy-to-implement approach for this problem, achieving mean-absolute-error of 0.02 [× 1.6 × 10−19 J], R2 = 0.986, predicting electronic couplings 390 times faster than quantum chemical ...


Oxidation Behavior Of Welded Zry-3, Zry-4, And Zr–1nb Tubes, Jordan Vandegrift, Clemente J. Parga, Ben Coryell, Darryl P. Butt, Brian J. Jaques Dec 2019

Oxidation Behavior Of Welded Zry-3, Zry-4, And Zr–1nb Tubes, Jordan Vandegrift, Clemente J. Parga, Ben Coryell, Darryl P. Butt, Brian J. Jaques

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

The Transient Reactor Test (TREAT) facility is a research reactor designed to simulate rapid transients to test new fuel designs. TREAT's cladding is exposed to unique conditions compared to normal water reactors. These conditions include: exposure to air at high temperatures (≥600 °C), rapid heating (≈700 °C/s), and cladding geometry that includes chamfers and welds. This work investigates the effects of chamfering and welding on the oxidation behavior of zirconium alloys (Zircaloy-3, Zircaloy-4, and Zr–1Nb). Tube specimens were examined under isothermal and transient conditions in dry and humid air. The effect of weld type (tungsten inert gas ...


A Parametric Study For In-Pile Use Of The Thermal Conductivity Needle Probe Using A Transient, Multilayered Analytical Model, Courtney Hollar, Austin Fleming, Kurt Davis, Ralph Budwig, Colby Jensen, David Estrada Nov 2019

A Parametric Study For In-Pile Use Of The Thermal Conductivity Needle Probe Using A Transient, Multilayered Analytical Model, Courtney Hollar, Austin Fleming, Kurt Davis, Ralph Budwig, Colby Jensen, David Estrada

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

By utilizing an in-pile measurement, thermal conductivity can be determined under prototypic conditions over a range of burnup. In this work we develop a multilayer quadrupoles analytical model to describe the transient thermal interactions between a line heat source (i.e. needle probe) and cylindrical nuclear fuel geometry for inpile thermal conductivity measurements. A finite element analysis of the detailed needle probe geometry was compared to results from the analytical model to verify the assumptions made in the analytical model. Experimentally, the needle probe was used to measure the thermal properties of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) and stainless steel 304 with three ...


Implementing Population-Based Mass Drug Administration For Malaria: Experience From A High Transmission Setting In North Eastern Uganda, Richard Elliott Aug 2019

Implementing Population-Based Mass Drug Administration For Malaria: Experience From A High Transmission Setting In North Eastern Uganda, Richard Elliott

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Background: Mass drug administration (MDA) is a suggested mean to accelerate efforts towards elimination and attainment of malaria-free status. There is limited evidence of suitable methods of implementing MDA programme to achieve a high coverage and compliance in low-income countries. The objective of this paper is to assess the impact of this MDA delivery strategy while using coverage measured as effective population in the community and population available.

Methods: Population-based MDA was implemented as a part of a larger program in a high transmission setting in Uganda. Four rounds of interventions were implemented over a period of 2 years at ...


Oxidation Behavior Of Zirconium, Zircaloy-3, Zircaloy-4, Zr-1nb, And Zr- 2.5nb In Air And Oxygen, Jordan L. Vandegrift, Patrick M. Price, John-Paul Stroud, Clemente J. Parga, Isabella J. Van Rooyen, Brian J. Jaques, Darryl P. Butt Aug 2019

Oxidation Behavior Of Zirconium, Zircaloy-3, Zircaloy-4, Zr-1nb, And Zr- 2.5nb In Air And Oxygen, Jordan L. Vandegrift, Patrick M. Price, John-Paul Stroud, Clemente J. Parga, Isabella J. Van Rooyen, Brian J. Jaques, Darryl P. Butt

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

The Transient Reactor Test (TREAT) facility at the Idaho National Laboratory currently utilizes a legacy Zircaloy- 3 cladding, which is no longer commercially available. TREAT is air cooled and routinely operates at temperatures well above that of traditional reactor designs. This study investigates the oxidation behavior of pure zirconium and its alloys (Zircaloy-3, Zircaloy-4, Zr-1Nb, Zr-2.5Nb) in Ar+20%O2 and N2+20%O2 atmospheres at temperatures ranging from 400–800 °C to determine which alloy should be implemented as TREAT's cladding. While the oxidation behavior of zirconium based cladding materials has been extensively documented ...


Lessons Learned About Building An Assertive Community, Donna C. Llewellyn, William L. Hughes, Megan F. Gambs Jun 2019

Lessons Learned About Building An Assertive Community, Donna C. Llewellyn, William L. Hughes, Megan F. Gambs

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

One of our observations in this lessons learned paper is that there is underwhelming faculty development related to scholarship other than on how to submit and sometimes how to write proposals. This de facto service model misses everything outside of the proposal-writing process; which is the least important, but is often the most celebrated, rewarded, and supported phase. Inspired by national Centers for Teaching & Learning, and modeled after the emerging Communities of Transformation literature, we are piloting a Center for Transformative Research at Boise State University. The vision of our Center is to build and sustain an ASSERTive community -- for Aligning Stakeholders and Structures to Enable Research Transformation (ASSERT). Faculty members from across campus were recruited to participate as fellows to explore what it means to be a scholar and how to move a bold and transformative idea forward. To minimize the energy to apply, the application process included an Instagram post, Twitter response, and/or haiku. Fifteen faculty were selected for the cohort of fellows. To ensure university-wide accountability, a memorandum of understanding was signed by each fellow, as well as their Provost, Vice President for Research & Economic Development, College or School Dean, and Department Chair. Once signed, each fellow was asked to complete a survey and participate in an individual structured interview with the PI and co-PI. These allowed us to determine the specific needs of each fellow, providing validation or perhaps challenging our a priori observations of risk inhibitors at Boise State that prevent germination of bold ideas. By studying the fellows, we were able to look at what may inhibit them from taking risks – personal attributes and beliefs, and structural and cultural issues within their academic units, the university, and in their academic fields. Based on the survey results and individual structured interviews, programming was developed and tailored to the needs of the fellows. An off-campus retreat was held. In addition to the off-campus retreat, on-campus workshops were custom-made for the fellows and included: (a) how to germinate transformative ideas by no longer seeing ideas as precious; (b) how to become an effective collaborator by adapting the Toolbox Project; (c) how to move ideas forward by drawing on the game “Chutes & Ladders” where the chutes represent common obstacles and the ladders are shortcuts; (d) how to manage time at work, and in life; and (e ...


Voices Of Our Students: Using Evidence-Based Methods To Inform A Multidisciplinary Engineering Program Design, Vicki Stieha, Noah Salzman, Amy J. Moll Jun 2019

Voices Of Our Students: Using Evidence-Based Methods To Inform A Multidisciplinary Engineering Program Design, Vicki Stieha, Noah Salzman, Amy J. Moll

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Listening carefully to our students and integrating the variables that matter to them is a step that we can take to increase the number of women and underrepresented minority graduates in engineering. This paper shares an evaluative case study as we report findings from data gathering tools guiding our continuous improvement process. The findings illuminate students’ perceptions of their engineering design course and curriculum. We conclude by discussing the pedagogical decisions the teaching team is making as a result of listening to our students’ voices.


Synergy And Timing: A Concurrent Mass Medical Campaign Predicted To Augment Indoor Residual Spraying For Malaria, Richard C. Elliott, David L. Smith, Dorothy C. Echodu May 2019

Synergy And Timing: A Concurrent Mass Medical Campaign Predicted To Augment Indoor Residual Spraying For Malaria, Richard C. Elliott, David L. Smith, Dorothy C. Echodu

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Background: Control programmes for high burden countries are tasked with charting effective multi-year strategies for malaria control within significant resource constraints. Synergies between different control tools, in which more than additive benefit accrues from interventions used together, are of interest because they may be used to obtain savings or to maximize health impact per expenditure. One commonly used intervention in sub-Saharan Africa is indoor residual spraying (IRS), typically deployed through a mass campaign. While possible synergies between IRS and long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLINs) have been investigated in multiple transmission settings, coordinated synergy between IRS and other mass medical distribution campaigns ...


Thermal Transport In Layer-By-Layer Assembled Polycrystalline Graphene Films, David Estrada, Alondra Perez Mar 2019

Thermal Transport In Layer-By-Layer Assembled Polycrystalline Graphene Films, David Estrada, Alondra Perez

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

New technologies are emerging which allow us to manipulate and assemble 2-dimensional (2D) building blocks, such as graphene, into synthetic van der Waals (vdW) solids. Assembly of such vdW solids has enabled novel electronic devices and could lead to control over anisotropic thermal properties through tuning of inter-layer coupling and phonon scattering. Here we report the systematic control of heat flow in graphene-based vdW solids assembled in a layer-by-layer (LBL) fashion. In-plane thermal measurements (between 100 K and 400 K) reveal substrate and grain boundary scattering limit thermal transport in vdW solids composed of one to four transferred layers of ...


Corrosion Initiation And Propagation On Carburized Martensitic Stainless Steel Surfaces Studied Via Advanced Scanning Probe Microscopy, Armen Kvryan, Corey M. Efaw, Kari A. Higginbotham, Olivia O. Maryon, Paul H. Davis, Elton Graugnard, Michael F. Hurley Mar 2019

Corrosion Initiation And Propagation On Carburized Martensitic Stainless Steel Surfaces Studied Via Advanced Scanning Probe Microscopy, Armen Kvryan, Corey M. Efaw, Kari A. Higginbotham, Olivia O. Maryon, Paul H. Davis, Elton Graugnard, Michael F. Hurley

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Historically, high carbon steels have been used in mechanical applications because their high surface hardness contributes to excellent wear performance. However, in aggressive environments, current bearing steels exhibit insufficient corrosion resistance. Martensitic stainless steels are attractive for bearing applications due to their high corrosion resistance and ability to be surface hardened via carburizing heat treatments. Here three different carburizing heat treatments were applied to UNS S42670: a high-temperature temper (HTT), a low-temperature temper (LTT), and carbo-nitriding (CN). Magnetic force microscopy showed differences in magnetic domains between the matrix and carbides, while scanning Kelvin probe force microscopy (SKPFM) revealed a 90 ...


Open-Source Automated Chemical Vapor Deposition System For The Production Of Two-Dimensional Nanomaterials, Lizandra Williams-Godwin, Dale Brown, Richard Livingston, Tyler Webb, Lynn Karriem, Elton Graugnard, David Estrada Jan 2019

Open-Source Automated Chemical Vapor Deposition System For The Production Of Two-Dimensional Nanomaterials, Lizandra Williams-Godwin, Dale Brown, Richard Livingston, Tyler Webb, Lynn Karriem, Elton Graugnard, David Estrada

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

The study of two- dimensional (2D) materials is a rapidly growing area within nanomaterials research. However, the high equipment costs, which include the processing systems necessary for creating these materials, can be a barrier to entry for some researchers interested in studying these novel materials. Such process systems include those used for chemical vapor deposition, a preferred method for making these materials. To address this challenge, this article presents the first open-source design for an automated chemical vapor deposition system that can be built for less than a third of the cost for a comparable commercial system. The materials and ...


Fabrication Of Stoichiometric U3Si2 Fuel Pellets, Adrian R. Wagner, Jason M. Harp, Kip E. Archibald, Seth C. Ashby, Jennifer K. Watkins, Kevin R. Tolman Jan 2019

Fabrication Of Stoichiometric U3Si2 Fuel Pellets, Adrian R. Wagner, Jason M. Harp, Kip E. Archibald, Seth C. Ashby, Jennifer K. Watkins, Kevin R. Tolman

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Uranium silicide, U3Si2, is an accident tolerant fuel type which is gaining momentum as a replacement fuel for uranium dioxide (UO2). Idaho National Laboratories has been fabricating phase pure U3Si2 fuel pellets for use in various irradiation and material characterization experiments. Stoichiometric U3Si2 fuel pellets were fabricated using a powder metallurgy and arcmelting technique. The use of the stoichiometric ratio to alloy uranium and silicon, and sintering in a vacuum environment allowed for the fabrication of high density (>94% theoretical density), phase pure pellets, greater than 94% U3Si ...


Toward Improving Ambient Volta Potential Measurements With Skpfm For Corrosion Studies, Corey M. Efaw, Thiago Da Silva, Paul H. Davis, Lan Li, Elton Graugnard, Michael F. Hurley Jan 2019

Toward Improving Ambient Volta Potential Measurements With Skpfm For Corrosion Studies, Corey M. Efaw, Thiago Da Silva, Paul H. Davis, Lan Li, Elton Graugnard, Michael F. Hurley

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Scanning Kelvin probe force microscopy (SKPFM) is used in corrosion studies to quantify the relative nobility of different microstructural features present within complex metallic systems and thereby elucidate possible corrosion initiation sites. However, Volta potential differences (VPDs) measured via SKPFM in the literature for metal alloys exhibit large variability, making interpretation and application for corrosion studies difficult. We have developed an improved method for referencing SKPFM VPDs by quantifying the closely related work function of the probe relative to an inert gold standard whose modified work function is calculated via density functional theory (DFT). By measuring and tracking changes in ...


Optimization And Validation Of Efficient Models For Predicting Polythiophene Self-Assembly, Evan D. Miller, Matthew L. Jones, Michael M. Henry, Paul Chery, Kyle Miller, Eric Jankowski Dec 2018

Optimization And Validation Of Efficient Models For Predicting Polythiophene Self-Assembly, Evan D. Miller, Matthew L. Jones, Michael M. Henry, Paul Chery, Kyle Miller, Eric Jankowski

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

We develop an optimized force-field for poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and demonstrate its utility for predicting thermodynamic self-assembly. In particular, we consider short oligomer chains, model electrostatics and solvent implicitly, and coarsely model solvent evaporation. We quantify the performance of our model to determine what the optimal system sizes are for exploring self-assembly at combinations of state variables. We perform molecular dynamics simulations to predict the self-assembly of P3HT at ~350 combinations of temperature and solvent quality. Our structural calculations predict that the highest degrees of order are obtained with good solvents just below the melting temperature. We find our model ...


Tying Together Multiscale Calculations For Charge Transport In P3ht: Structural Descriptors, Morphology, And Tie-Chains, Evan D. Miller, Matthew L. Jones, Eric Jankowski Dec 2018

Tying Together Multiscale Calculations For Charge Transport In P3ht: Structural Descriptors, Morphology, And Tie-Chains, Evan D. Miller, Matthew L. Jones, Eric Jankowski

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Evaluating new, promising organic molecules to make next-generation organic optoelectronic devices necessitates the evaluation of charge carrier transport performance through the semi-conducting medium. In this work, we utilize quantum chemical calculations (QCC) and kinetic Monte Carlo (KMC) simulations to predict the zero-field hole mobilities of ~100 morphologies of the benchmark polymer poly(3-hexylthiophene), with varying simulation volume, structural order, and chain-length polydispersity. Morphologies with monodisperse chains were generated previously using an optimized molecular dynamics force-field and represent a spectrum of nanostructured order. We discover that a combined consideration of backbone clustering and system-wide disorder arising from side-chain conformations are correlated ...


Magnetic And Electrocatalytic Properties Of Transition Metal Doped Mos2 Nanocrystals, Karthik Chinnathambi Oct 2018

Magnetic And Electrocatalytic Properties Of Transition Metal Doped Mos2 Nanocrystals, Karthik Chinnathambi

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

In this paper, the magnetic and electrocatalytic properties of hydrothermally grown transition metal doped (10% of Co, Ni, Fe, and Mn) 2H-MoS2 nanocrystals (NCs) with a particle size 25–30 nm are reported. The pristine 2H-MoS2 NCs showed a mixture of canted anti-ferromagnetic and ferromagnetic behavior. While Co, Ni, and Fe doped MoS2 NCs revealed room temperature ferromagnetism, Mn doped MoS2 NCs showed room temperature paramagnetism, predominantly. The ground state of all the materials is found to be canted-antiferromagnetic phase. To study electrocatalytic performance for hydrogen evolution reaction, polarization curves were measured for undoped and the ...


Carbon-Coated Fep Nanoparticles Anchored On Carbon Nanotube Networks As Anode For Long-Life Sodium-Ion Storage, Chunrong Ma, Zhengguang Fu, Changjian Deng, Xiaozhen Liao, Yushi He, Zifeng Ma, Hui Xiong Oct 2018

Carbon-Coated Fep Nanoparticles Anchored On Carbon Nanotube Networks As Anode For Long-Life Sodium-Ion Storage, Chunrong Ma, Zhengguang Fu, Changjian Deng, Xiaozhen Liao, Yushi He, Zifeng Ma, Hui Xiong

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

A novel electrode design strategy of carbon-coated FeP particles anchored on a conducting carbon nanotube network (CNT@FePC) is designed to achieve a superior sodium ion storage. Such a unique structure demonstrated excellent long-life cycling stability (a 95% capacity retention for more than 1200 cycles at 3 A g-1) and rate capability (delivered 272 mAh g-1 at 8 A g-1).


Using Graphs To Quantify Energetic And Structural Order In Semicrystalline Oligothiophene Thin Films, Ellen Van, Matthew Jones, Eric Jankowski, Olga Wodo Oct 2018

Using Graphs To Quantify Energetic And Structural Order In Semicrystalline Oligothiophene Thin Films, Ellen Van, Matthew Jones, Eric Jankowski, Olga Wodo

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

In semicrystalline conjugated polymer thin films, the mobility of charges depends on the arrangement of the individual polymer chains. In particular, the ordering of the polymer backbones affects the charge transport within the film, as electron transfer generally occurs along the backbones with alternating single and double bonds. In this paper, we demonstrate that polymer ordering should be discussed not only in terms of structural but also energetic ordering of polymer chains. We couple data from molecular dynamics simulations and quantum chemical calculations to quantify both structural and energetic ordering of polymer chains. We leverage a graph-based representation of the ...


Boron-Implanted Silicon Substrates For Physical Adsorption Of Dna Origami, Sadao Takabayashi, Shohei Kotani, Juan Flores-Estrada, Elijah Spears, Jennifer E. Padilla, Lizandra C. Godwin, Elton Graugnard, Wan Kuang, William L. Hughes Sep 2018

Boron-Implanted Silicon Substrates For Physical Adsorption Of Dna Origami, Sadao Takabayashi, Shohei Kotani, Juan Flores-Estrada, Elijah Spears, Jennifer E. Padilla, Lizandra C. Godwin, Elton Graugnard, Wan Kuang, William L. Hughes

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

DNA nanostructures routinely self-assemble with sub-10 nm feature sizes. This capability has created industry interest in using DNA as a lithographic mask, yet with few exceptions, solution-based deposition of DNA nanostructures has remained primarily academic to date. En route to controlled adsorption of DNA patterns onto manufactured substrates, deposition and placement of DNA origami has been demonstrated on chemically functionalized silicon substrates. While compelling, chemical functionalization adds fabrication complexity that limits mask efficiency and hence industry adoption. As an alternative, we developed an ion implantation process that tailors the surface potential of silicon substrates to facilitate adsorption of DNA nanostructures ...


Electronic Structure, Pore Size Distribution, And Sorption Characterization Of An Unusual Mof, {[Ni(Dpbz)][Ni(Cn)4]}N, Dpbz = 1,4-Bis(4-Pyridyl)Benzene, Winnie Wong-Ng, Izaak Williamson, Matthew Lawson, Daniel W. Siderus, Jeffrey T. Culp, Yu-S. Chen, Lan Li Jun 2018

Electronic Structure, Pore Size Distribution, And Sorption Characterization Of An Unusual Mof, {[Ni(Dpbz)][Ni(Cn)4]}N, Dpbz = 1,4-Bis(4-Pyridyl)Benzene, Winnie Wong-Ng, Izaak Williamson, Matthew Lawson, Daniel W. Siderus, Jeffrey T. Culp, Yu-S. Chen, Lan Li

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

The monoclinic (Ni(L)[Ni(CN)4] (L= 1,4-Bis(4-pyridyl) benzene) compound (defined as Ni-dpbz) is a flexible metal organic framework which assumes a pillared structure with layers defined by 2D Ni[Ni(CN)4]n nets and dpbz ligands as pillars. The structure features an entrapped dpbz ligand that links between the open ends of four-fold Ni sites from two neighboring chains. This arrangement results in an unusual 5-fold pseudo square-pyramid environment for Ni and a significantly long Ni-N distance of 2.369(4) Å. Using Density Functional Theory calculations, the different bonding characteristics between the 5-fold and ...


The Redshirt In Engineering Consortium: Progress And Early Insights, Janet Callahan, Donna C. Llewellyn, Ann E. Delaney Jun 2018

The Redshirt In Engineering Consortium: Progress And Early Insights, Janet Callahan, Donna C. Llewellyn, Ann E. Delaney

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

The NSF-funded Redshirt in Engineering Consortium was formed in 2016 with the goal of enhancing the ability of academically talented but underprepared students coming from lowincome backgrounds to successfully graduate with engineering degrees. The Consortium takes its name from the practice of redshirting in college athletics, with the idea of providing an extra year and support to help promising engineering students complete a bachelor’s degree. The Consortium builds on the success of three existing “academic redshirt” programs and expands the model to three new schools. The Existing Redshirt Institutions (ERIs) help mentor and train the new Student Success Partners ...


Work In Progress: Institutional Context And The Implementation Of The Redshirt In Engineering Model At Six Universities, Ann Delaney, Donna C. Llewellyn, Janet Callahan Jun 2018

Work In Progress: Institutional Context And The Implementation Of The Redshirt In Engineering Model At Six Universities, Ann Delaney, Donna C. Llewellyn, Janet Callahan

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Low-income students are underrepresented in engineering and are more likely to struggle in engineering programs. Such students may be academically talented and perform well in high school, but may have relatively weak academic preparation for college compared to students who attended better-resourced schools. Four-year engineering and computer science curricula are designed for students who are calculus-ready, but many students who are eager to become engineers or computer scientists need additional time and support to succeed. The NSF-funded Redshirt in Engineering Consortium was formed in 2016 as a collaborative effort to build on the success of three existing “academic Redshirt” programs ...


The Crux: Promoting Success In Calculus Ii, Doug Bullock, Janet Callahan, Jocelyn B.S. Cullers Jun 2018

The Crux: Promoting Success In Calculus Ii, Doug Bullock, Janet Callahan, Jocelyn B.S. Cullers

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

In the 2013-14 school year, Boise State University (BSU) launched a major overhaul of Calculus I. The details of the reform, described elsewhere, involved both pedagogical and curricular changes. In subsequent years, we developed several assessment tools to measure the effects of the project on students’ grades and retention. The toolkit includes: (1) pass rate and GPA in Calculus I, (2) longitudinal analysis of pass rates and GPA in subsequent courses, (3) impact of Calculus I on retention in STEM and retention at BSU, (4) all of the above comparing students in reformed Calculus vs traditional Calculus, (5) all of ...


Valuing Women’S Contributions: Team Projects And Collaborative Writing, Jennifer C. Mallette, Harold Ackler Jun 2018

Valuing Women’S Contributions: Team Projects And Collaborative Writing, Jennifer C. Mallette, Harold Ackler

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Team projects offer opportunities for student engineers to learn how to work on a team and produce collaborative written reports. However, research has shown that women often do more writing during these projects, and that their writing labor is unrecognized or undervalued, particularly when the technical work is viewed as more essential. In this paper, we examine the results of a study focused on the writing component in a year-long senior capstone materials science and engineering (MSE) course sequence. This course requires students to complete projects for clients and produce a written report, among other deliverables. To focus more on ...


De-Risking Transdisciplinary Research By Creating Shared Values, Donna C. Llewellyn, William L. Hughes Jun 2018

De-Risking Transdisciplinary Research By Creating Shared Values, Donna C. Llewellyn, William L. Hughes

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

This Lessons Learned Paper describes a yearlong faculty development pilot program that was designed to help a team of faculty de-risk their pursuit of wicked research problems. Wicked problems are extraordinarily difficult to solve due to their incomplete, contradictory, and at times changing requirements. They often include multiple stakeholders with competing interests and worldviews. As a result, they are risky by definition because they are difficult to fund, publish, and collaborate on. Presented here, a team of eleven faculty, from six different academic units, explored their personal and professional values during an initial off-site two and a half day retreat ...


Work In Progress: Flexibility And Professional Preparation Via A Multidisciplinary Engineering Curriculum, Noah Salzman, Vicki Stieha, Amy J. Moll, Joann S. Lighty Jun 2018

Work In Progress: Flexibility And Professional Preparation Via A Multidisciplinary Engineering Curriculum, Noah Salzman, Vicki Stieha, Amy J. Moll, Joann S. Lighty

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper reports on one institution’s work-in-progress to build innovation and creativity into a flexible, ABET accredited undergraduate Engineering B.S. degree that provides a variety of choices to undergraduate engineering students. The new Engineering Plus degree has a core set of required foundational courses in engineering, a multi-year design sequence, and allows for self-defined pathways. The new curriculum also offers three defined degree pathways that have been chosen based on an examination of student “fate” data: secondary education, pre-medical, and environmental studies, with additional pathways planned for the near future. The fate analysis examined the paths of students ...


Encouraging A Growth Mindset In Engineering Students, Megan Frary Jun 2018

Encouraging A Growth Mindset In Engineering Students, Megan Frary

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

A person’s “mindset” guides a great deal of how one approaches life -- and especially how students approach education. While someone with a fixed mindset believes that their intelligence is fixed and unchangeable, someone with a growth mindset believes that their intelligence is changeable and can grow as they learn more. Most people’s mindset lies along a spectrum with these two extremes at either end. In addition to other outcomes, the mindset that a person has determines how they interpret mistakes they make; whereas someone with a fixed mindset thinks mistakes result from their innate lack of ability, someone ...