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International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

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An Improved Two-Stage Seismic Analysis Procedure For Mid-Rise Buildings With Vertical Combination Of Cold-Formed Steel And Concrete Framing, X. Yuan, L. Xu Nov 2016

An Improved Two-Stage Seismic Analysis Procedure For Mid-Rise Buildings With Vertical Combination Of Cold-Formed Steel And Concrete Framing, X. Yuan, L. Xu

International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

Presented in this paper is an improved two-stage analysis procedure for evaluating the seismic load of the mid-rise buildings with vertical combination of cold-formed steel and concrete framing. By comparing the improved procedure to the one prescribed in ASCE 7, it is found the stiffness requirement of the two-stage analysis procedure stated in ASCE 7 may be over-relaxed, which may consequently result in the underestimation of the base shear of the upper structure in certain cases. Furthermore, the lateral load at the top storey of the upper structure evaluated by ASCE 7 two-stage analysis procedure may also be considerably underestimated ...


Seismic Modeling And Incremental Dynamic Analysis Of The Cold-Formed Steel Framed Cfs-Nees Building, J. Leng, S. G. Buonopane, B. W. Schafer Nov 2016

Seismic Modeling And Incremental Dynamic Analysis Of The Cold-Formed Steel Framed Cfs-Nees Building, J. Leng, S. G. Buonopane, B. W. Schafer

International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

The objective of this paper is to present seismic modeling of a two-story cold-formed steel (CFS) framed building. The selected building, known as the CFSNEES building, was designed to current U.S. standards and then subjected to full-scale shake table tests under the U.S. National Science Foundation Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (NEES) program. Test results showed that the building’s stiffness and capacity was considerably higher than expected and the building suffered only non-structural damage and no permanent drift, even at maximum considered earthquake (per ASCE 7 and the selected California site) level. Past modeling, including that of ...


Full-Scale Experimental And Numerical Study About Structural Behavior Of Thin-Walled Cold-Formed Steel Building Affected By Ground Settlements Due To Land Subsidence, Jose A. Ortiz-Lozano, Luis A. Hernández-Castillo, Martin Hernández-Marín, Jesús Pacheco-Martínez, Mario E. Zermeño-Deleón, Raúl Salinas-Salinas Nov 2016

Full-Scale Experimental And Numerical Study About Structural Behavior Of Thin-Walled Cold-Formed Steel Building Affected By Ground Settlements Due To Land Subsidence, Jose A. Ortiz-Lozano, Luis A. Hernández-Castillo, Martin Hernández-Marín, Jesús Pacheco-Martínez, Mario E. Zermeño-Deleón, Raúl Salinas-Salinas

International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

Land subsidence phenomenon due to ground water withdrawal is a current problem in many places around the world, particularly in the shallows of Mexico. This causes ground differential settlements that affect structures, mainly dwellings and buildings based on reinforced concrete and masonry. Eventually, these structural materials do not exhibit an adequate performance beyond a certain level of angular distortion. This work presents the experimental and numerical results about a study regarding the performance of a full-scale thin-walled cold-formed steel building affected by angular distortions simulating ground differential settlements due to land subsidence. The experimental stage consisted in the design and ...


Design Method For Cold-Formed Thin-Walled Steel Beams With Built-Up Box Section, Ying-Lei Li, Yuan-Qi Li Nov 2016

Design Method For Cold-Formed Thin-Walled Steel Beams With Built-Up Box Section, Ying-Lei Li, Yuan-Qi Li

International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

Built-up sections has been extensively used in cold-formed thin-walled steel structures. The structural behaviour and moment capacity of built-up box beams, which is consisted of nested C and U-sections, are the major concerns in this paper. A finite element model for built-up box beams was firstly developed and validated by existing test results. The effects of screw configuration and the global buckling behaviour of built-up box beams were investigated by parametric analysis. Then, the simple superposition method and equivalent cross-section method were introduced and adopted to estimate the moment capacity of built-up box beams bending about major or minor axis ...


An Archetype Mid-Rise Building For Novel Complete Cold-Formed Steel Buildings, S. Torabian, Z. Saneei Nia, B. W. Schafer Nov 2016

An Archetype Mid-Rise Building For Novel Complete Cold-Formed Steel Buildings, S. Torabian, Z. Saneei Nia, B. W. Schafer

International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

This paper introduces an archetype mid-rise cold-formed steel (CFS) building that aids in assessing the limits of current structural solutions, particularly lateral force resisting systems, and also in the development of new CFS technologies. A unified archetype building provides a platform for comparing the performance of new lateral force resisting systems to existing ones. The study herein provides quantitative evaluation of the design limitations of a typical “complete” cold-formed steel building (i.e. only cold-formed steel based elements are used for all gravity and lateral force resisting systems) at different heights (4 through 20 stories) located in a high seismic ...


Experimental Investigation Into Steel Storage Rack Beam-To-Upright Bolted Connections, Liusi Dai, Xianzhong Zhao, Chong Ren Nov 2016

Experimental Investigation Into Steel Storage Rack Beam-To-Upright Bolted Connections, Liusi Dai, Xianzhong Zhao, Chong Ren

International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

For unbraced steel storage racks, the down-aisle stability depends largely on the performance of beam-to-upright connections and column bases. Boltless connections are generally used in order to make rack structures easy to assemble and feasible to adjust the storey height. Recently, storage racks are designed to carry large amounts of goods and they are therefore raise a considerable height, which makes the improvement of the structural stability to be sufficiently important. Under the circumstances, tab-connected beam-to-upright connections with bolts are gradually used in steel storage racks. Compared with boltless connections, the stiffness, strength and ductility of the bolted connections are ...


Industrial Cold-Formed Steel Rack Column Base Fixity And Strength, Francesc Roure, Teoman Peköz, M. Rosa Somalo, Jordi Bonada, M. Magdalena Pastor, Miquel Casafont, James Crews Nov 2016

Industrial Cold-Formed Steel Rack Column Base Fixity And Strength, Francesc Roure, Teoman Peköz, M. Rosa Somalo, Jordi Bonada, M. Magdalena Pastor, Miquel Casafont, James Crews

International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

This paper summarizes the testing done at the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain and the possible use of the results in design for column base stiffness and strength. The test setup and procedure are adopted in the European rack design standards.


Design Of Industrial Cold-Formed Steel Rack Upright Frames For Loads In Cross-Aisle Direction, Francesc Roure, Teoman Peköz, M. Rosa Somalo, Jordi Bonada, M. Magdalena Pastor, Miquel Casafont Nov 2016

Design Of Industrial Cold-Formed Steel Rack Upright Frames For Loads In Cross-Aisle Direction, Francesc Roure, Teoman Peköz, M. Rosa Somalo, Jordi Bonada, M. Magdalena Pastor, Miquel Casafont

International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

This paper summarizes research on the cross-aisle stiffness and strength of industrial cold-formed steel rack upright frames for loads in cross-aisle direction. Tests were carried out at the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain on joints as well as entire upright frames. A possible rather simple analysis procedure is developed and described.


Experiments On Column Base Stiffness Of Long-Span Cold-Formed Steel Portal Frames Composed Of Double Channels, H. B. Blum, K. J. R. Rasmussen Nov 2016

Experiments On Column Base Stiffness Of Long-Span Cold-Formed Steel Portal Frames Composed Of Double Channels, H. B. Blum, K. J. R. Rasmussen

International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

Cold-formed steel haunched portal frames are popular structures in industrial and housing applications. They are mostly used as sheds, garages, and shelters, and are common in rural areas. Cold-formed steel portal frames with spans of up to 30m (100 ft) are now being constructed in Australia. As these large structures are fairly new to the market, there is limited data on their feasibility and design recommendations. An experimental program was carried out on a series of portal frame systems composed of back-to-back channels for the columns, rafters, and knee braces. The system consisted of three frames connected in parallel with ...


Characterizing The Load Deformation Behaviour Of Steel Deck Diaphragms, P. O'Brien, S. Florig, C. D. Moen, M. R. Eatherton Nov 2016

Characterizing The Load Deformation Behaviour Of Steel Deck Diaphragms, P. O'Brien, S. Florig, C. D. Moen, M. R. Eatherton

International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

Lateral loads flow through a building’s horizontal roof and floor diaphragms before being transferred to the vertical lateral force resisting system (e.g. braced frames, moment frames or shear walls). These diaphragms are therefore a critical structural component in the resistance of lateral loads. A review of the literature shows that a large number of experimental programs have been performed to obtain the in-plane load-deformation behavior of steel deck and concrete on steel deck diaphragms. The tested diaphragm behavior was found to be dependent on a set of factors including loading protocol, fastener type, fastener size and spacing, and ...


Reduced Order Models For Profiled Steel Diaphragm Panels, G. Bian, S. Torabian, B. W. Schafer Nov 2016

Reduced Order Models For Profiled Steel Diaphragm Panels, G. Bian, S. Torabian, B. W. Schafer

International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

The objective of this paper is to provide progress on development and validation of reduced order models for the in plane strength and stiffness of profiled steel panels appropriate for use in structural models of an entire building. Profiled steel panels, i.e, metal deck, often serve as a key distribution element in building lateral force resisting systems. Acting largely as an in-plane shear diaphragm, metal deck as employed in walls, roofs, and floors plays a key role in creating and driving three-dimensional building response. As structural modeling evolves from two-dimensional frameworks to fully three-dimensional buildings, accurate and computationally efficient ...


Experimental Investigation Of The Effect Of Screw Fastener Spacing On The Local And Distortional Buckling Behavior Of Built-Up Cold-Formed Steel Columns, David C. Fratamico, Shahabeddin Torabian, Kim J. R. Rasmussen, Benjamin W. Schafer Nov 2016

Experimental Investigation Of The Effect Of Screw Fastener Spacing On The Local And Distortional Buckling Behavior Of Built-Up Cold-Formed Steel Columns, David C. Fratamico, Shahabeddin Torabian, Kim J. R. Rasmussen, Benjamin W. Schafer

International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

This paper addresses an ongoing experimental and computational effort on the buckling and strength of built-up cold-formed steel (CFS) columns. Specifically, two 6 in. (152 mm) deep lipped channel sections (i.e. the 600S137-54 and 600S162-54 using AISI S200-12 nomenclature) are studied here in a back-to-back, screw-connected form and were chosen for their local and distortional slenderness to study the effect of fastener spacing and layout on local and distortional buckling and collapse behavior. Thirty column tests are completed with concentric loading. The screw spacing is varied from L to L/6, where L is the column length, with and ...


Tilt Bearing Capacity Of Single-Shear Bolted Connections Without Washers, Mehmet E. Uz, Lip H. Teh Nov 2016

Tilt Bearing Capacity Of Single-Shear Bolted Connections Without Washers, Mehmet E. Uz, Lip H. Teh

International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

This paper examines the accuracy of design equations specified in the North American and European codes for cold-formed steel structures in determining the ultimate tilt bearing capacity of single-shear single-row bolted connections without washers in flat steel sheets. It points out that the code equations do not properly distinguish the tilt bearing failure mode from the conventional bearing failure mode, which is typical of double-shear connections and single-shear connections with washers. The tilt bearing capacity is affected by the width of the connected sheet, and its capacity does not vary linearly with either the sheet thickness or the bolt diameter ...


Behaviour Of Cold-Formed Steel Semi Rigid Connections, Ruby Freya, R. Senthil, W. Jeoffray Merin, R. Saravanakumar, Krishna Kuber, M. Gowtham Nov 2016

Behaviour Of Cold-Formed Steel Semi Rigid Connections, Ruby Freya, R. Senthil, W. Jeoffray Merin, R. Saravanakumar, Krishna Kuber, M. Gowtham

International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

Ductility and inelastic performance are important considerations in aseismic design of buildings. The dissipation of energy due to inelastic deformation is predominantly required in the connections like beam column joints. It is necessary to design these joints as semi rigid for its economic and structural benefits. Semi-rigid connections have highly nonlinear behaviour that makes the analysis and design of frames difficult and complicated. Steel structures are highly regarded for their seismic performance. It is required to understand and study the inelastic behavior of steel connections which would help in an economical and simpler design. This paper involves the modeling of ...


Behaviour Of Cold-Formed Steel Trusses With Concentric And Eccentric Joint Arrangements Using The Howick Rivet Connector, Amin Ahmadi, Colin K. L. Yee, Harry J. S. Shepherd, G. Charles Clifton, Raj Das, James B. P. Lim Nov 2016

Behaviour Of Cold-Formed Steel Trusses With Concentric And Eccentric Joint Arrangements Using The Howick Rivet Connector, Amin Ahmadi, Colin K. L. Yee, Harry J. S. Shepherd, G. Charles Clifton, Raj Das, James B. P. Lim

International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

This paper considers the behaviour of a cold-formed steel truss system that uses a novel pinned connector for the joints, to be referred to as the Howick Rivet connector (HRC). Use of the HRC allows a pinned concentric joint arrangement to be formed, as well as the more usual eccentric joint arrangement used in tests described in the literature. However, with the concentric joint arrangement, it is necessary to remove part of the lips of the channel-sections being connected, thus creating a discontinuity in the lips. This paper assesses the effect of this discontinuity. Full-scale truss tests are first described ...


Application Of The Direct Strength Method To Steel Deck, Randall Keith Dudenbostel, Thomas Sputo Nov 2016

Application Of The Direct Strength Method To Steel Deck, Randall Keith Dudenbostel, Thomas Sputo

International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

With the reorganization of the AISI S100 Standard, the Direct Strength Method (DSM) takes a position of equal footing with the Equivalent Width Method (EWM) for calculating the strength of cold-formed steel cross sections. The majority of previous DSM studies focused on C and Z profiles, while little study of panel sections, especially steel deck sections, has been performed. A study was undertaken to determine and compare the behavior and usable strength of existing floor and roof deck sections with both DSM and EWM. The Cornell University – Finite Strip Method (CUFSM) software was used for the elastic buckling analysis, taking ...


Finite Element Modeling Of Concrete Shrinkage In Composite Deck Slabs, Vitaliy V. Degtyarev Nov 2016

Finite Element Modeling Of Concrete Shrinkage In Composite Deck Slabs, Vitaliy V. Degtyarev

International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

This paper presents finite element models of composite deck slabs subjected to restrained concrete shrinkage. The models created in ANSYS and validated against test data were based on the assumption of the full shear interaction between the deck and the concrete and accounted for concrete creep, cracking, and nonlinear stress-strain relationship. Concrete shrinkage was modeled by temperature changes applied to concrete. The effects of different shrinkage profiles, concrete creep, and deck slab properties on the long-term concrete and deck strains are presented. Future research work is outlined.


Design Of New Cold Rolled Purlins By Experimental Testing And Direct Strength Method, V. B. Nguyen, B. Cartwright, M. A. English Nov 2016

Design Of New Cold Rolled Purlins By Experimental Testing And Direct Strength Method, V. B. Nguyen, B. Cartwright, M. A. English

International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

New cold roll formed channel and zed sections for purlins, namely UltraBEAMTM2 and UltraZEDTM2, have been developed by Hadley Industries plc using a combined approach of experimental testing, finite element modelling and optimisation techniques. The new sections have improved strength to weight ratio by increasing the section’s strength by using stiffeners in the section webs. The European standards, Eurocode 3, use a traditional Effective Width Method to determine the strength of a cold formed steel member. However, the design of the new sections UltraBEAMTM2 and UltraZEDTM2 using this method is very complicated in calculating the effective section properties as ...


A Combined Direct Analysis And Direct Strength Approach To Predict The Flexural Strength Of Z-Purlins With Paired Torsion Braces, Michael W. Seek, Chris Ramseyer, Ian Kaplan Nov 2016

A Combined Direct Analysis And Direct Strength Approach To Predict The Flexural Strength Of Z-Purlins With Paired Torsion Braces, Michael W. Seek, Chris Ramseyer, Ian Kaplan

International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

A series of 12 Base Tests for Z-section purlins with paired interior torsional braces and one flange attached to a flexible horizontal diaphragm are evaluated with the Direct Strength Method. Rather than use the conventional constrained bending stress approximation, a direct analysis philosophy is adopted where cross section stress distributions are calculated using a displacement compatibility approach. With a flexible diaphragm typical of a standing seam roof system, these stresses can deviate substantially from the constrained bending approximation and can significantly impact predicted local and distortional buckling behavior. The displacement compatibility approach incorporates estimates of load imbalances and second order ...


Advanced Modeling Of Cold-Formed Steel Walls Under Fire, J. C. Batista Abreu, N. Punati, K. R. Prasad, B. W. Schafer Nov 2016

Advanced Modeling Of Cold-Formed Steel Walls Under Fire, J. C. Batista Abreu, N. Punati, K. R. Prasad, B. W. Schafer

International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

This paper discusses an advanced finite element model able to simulate the structural response of cold-formed steel walls during standard fire tests. The model includes experimental thermo-mechanical properties of materials, geometric imperfections, and temperature distributions on studs and sheathing boards. The model is capable of reasonably predicting the thermal bowing of walls, and estimating the shape, size and amount of joint openings between gypsum boards over time of fire exposure. Numerical results validated with experimental data indicate that the maximum out-of-plane displacements due to thermal gradients occur near the wall mid-height. Early in the heating process, joint openings develop on ...


Shear Resistance Of Cold-Formed Steel Framing Wall With X-Strap Bracing, Chi-Ling Pan, Chang-Chan Huang, Meng-Hsiu Tsao Nov 2016

Shear Resistance Of Cold-Formed Steel Framing Wall With X-Strap Bracing, Chi-Ling Pan, Chang-Chan Huang, Meng-Hsiu Tsao

International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

This research is concentrated on the study of structural strength and behavior of cold-formed steel frame with strap bracing subjected to horizontal loads. The wall specimens with and without calcium silicate board sheathing were tested to compare the differences of shear resistance. Based on the test data, the ultimate strength, stiffness, ductility ratio, and failure behavior were studied for each specimen, and the wall’s movements were also discussed in this paper. The cold-formed steel framing wall without bracing from previous study was introduced for the comparison purpose. As expected, the ultimate strength was increased for the cold-formed steel wall ...


Development Of A Method To Generate A Simplified Finite Element Model For An Electrical Switchboard Cabinet, Edwin Lim, Barry J. Goodno, James I. Craig Nov 2016

Development Of A Method To Generate A Simplified Finite Element Model For An Electrical Switchboard Cabinet, Edwin Lim, Barry J. Goodno, James I. Craig

International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

Electrical switchboards are one of the key pieces of equipment used in operations of most critical facilities such as hospitals and emergency services buildings. Unfortunately, past observations have shown that the switchboard cabinet and its contents may be vulnerable to damage or failure during an earthquake. An electrical switchboard cabinet is a complex structure typically constructed using cold-formed steel frame members enclosed by steel panels and containing a variety of switchgear and bus bars. The panels are usually fastened to the steel members by screws, and the steel members are connected together by bolts or screws. The structural behavior of ...


Behavior Of Steel Sheet Sheathed Cold-Formed Steel Walls Subjected To Combined Lateral And Vertical Loads, Pengchun Jia, Wenying Zhang, Mahsa Mahdavian, Nathan Derrick, Cheng Yu Nov 2016

Behavior Of Steel Sheet Sheathed Cold-Formed Steel Walls Subjected To Combined Lateral And Vertical Loads, Pengchun Jia, Wenying Zhang, Mahsa Mahdavian, Nathan Derrick, Cheng Yu

International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

This paper presents an experimental investigation of the behavior of cold-formed steel (CFS) framed walls sheathed by steel sheets subjected to both lateral and gravity loads. The research focuses were on the collapse limit of the CFS shear wall using steel sheet sheathing and the shear resistance of CFS bearing walls. The test results showed that the gravity load has limited impact to the CFS shear wall’s behavior and performance. The CFS bearing wall could provide considerable shear resistance and it shall be considered in numerical modeling CFS buildings.


Resistance Of Arc Spot Welds – Update To Provisions, B. Paige Blackburn, Thomas Sputo Nov 2016

Resistance Of Arc Spot Welds – Update To Provisions, B. Paige Blackburn, Thomas Sputo

International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

The AISI S100-12 provisions for arc spot welds have not be reviewed since 1999. This study performs a comprehensive analysis of the entire arc spot weld data base including data from four new research studies and reconsiders AISI S100-12 resistance equations with data from 450 specimens. Most AISI S100-12 equations were found to be conservative, particularly for sheet tearing failure modes. However, the equation for arc spot weld fracture under tensile load was found to poorly predict the data base test results. AISI S100-12 provision improvements are recommended not only for the resistance equations and factors, but also for the ...


Shear Behavior Of Screw Connection Between Cold-Formed Steel And Gypsum Sheathing At Elevated Temperatures, Wei Chen, Yihong Ye Nov 2016

Shear Behavior Of Screw Connection Between Cold-Formed Steel And Gypsum Sheathing At Elevated Temperatures, Wei Chen, Yihong Ye

International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

The screw connections between cold-formed steel (CFS) and gypsum sheathing play an important role in the axial and lateral performance of CFS wall panels. Previous researches were mainly focus on the shear behavior of such screw connections at room temperature. This paper carried out a preliminary experimental investigation on the mechanical performance of screw connections with single layer gypsum sheathing at elevated temperatures. Limited to the cavity dimension of the furnace, the single-lap test of CFS coupon -fastener-sheathing connection was adopted and compared with the previous test results of sheathing-to-profile screw connections at room temperature. The failure of screw connections ...


Monotonic And Cyclic Backbone Response Of Single Shear Sheathing-To- Cold-Formed Steel Screw-Fastened Connections, F. Tao, R. Cole, C. D. Moen Nov 2016

Monotonic And Cyclic Backbone Response Of Single Shear Sheathing-To- Cold-Formed Steel Screw-Fastened Connections, F. Tao, R. Cole, C. D. Moen

International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

Monotonic and cyclic backbone load-deformation response models for single shear plywood, oriented-strand board, and gypsum board sheathing to cold-formed steel screw-fastened connections are developed with support from an experimental program. Connection strength, stiffness, and the probability of screw shear failure are correlated to fastener bearing strength of the two connected plies. Cyclic strength and stiffness degradation was negligible. Cyclic excursions resulted in increased connection stiffness from the screw bearing hardening the ply material and locking in the plies.


Characterization Of Cold-Formed Steel Framed Diaphragm Response Under In-Plane Loading And Influence Of Non-Structural Gypsum Panels, Patrick Latreille, Violetta Nikolaidou, Colin A. Rogers, Dimitrios G. Lignos Nov 2016

Characterization Of Cold-Formed Steel Framed Diaphragm Response Under In-Plane Loading And Influence Of Non-Structural Gypsum Panels, Patrick Latreille, Violetta Nikolaidou, Colin A. Rogers, Dimitrios G. Lignos

International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

The in-plane response of CFS framed diaphragm structures subjected to seismic excitation is not well understood. At present, the North American AISI S400 Standard does not include a seismic design procedure for CFS framed diaphragms for use in Canada, and offers limited information for their use in the US. In addition, the effect of non-structural components on the lateral strength and stiffness of the diaphragm component has yet to be explored. In an effort to provide insight into the complex nature of the diaphragm structure and the influence of non- structural components an experimental program was initiated in the Jamieson ...


Seismic Performance Investigation Of Cold-Formed Steel Framed Shear Walls With Steel Sheathing, Feng Ruo-Qiang, Xu Peng-Hui Nov 2016

Seismic Performance Investigation Of Cold-Formed Steel Framed Shear Walls With Steel Sheathing, Feng Ruo-Qiang, Xu Peng-Hui

International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

Cold-formed steel (CFS) framed shear walls with steel sheet sheathing can achieve higher shear resistance compared to conventional CFS framed shear walls. Experimental and numerical investigation of seismic behavior was present on two CFS shear walls sheathed with steel sheet for the base layer combined with gypsum wallboards for the face layer on both sides. Monotonic shear and cyclic loading tests were conducted on wall specimens. The failure mechanism, bearing capacity, stiffness and ductility of specimens were obtained. On the basis of rational simplification of CFS framed shear walls, the finite element software ABAQUS was used to simulate the monotonic ...


Sheathing Overlapping And Attachment Methods For Cold-Formed Steel Shear Walls With Corrugated Steel Sheathing, Mahsa Mahdavian, Wenying Zhang, Cheng Yu Nov 2016

Sheathing Overlapping And Attachment Methods For Cold-Formed Steel Shear Walls With Corrugated Steel Sheathing, Mahsa Mahdavian, Wenying Zhang, Cheng Yu

International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

Cold-formed steel (CFS) shear walls sheathed with corrugated steel sheathing are a feasible solution to non-combustible high structural performance CFS shear walls in mid-rise buildings. Corrugated steel sheathings have high in-plane strength and stiffness due to the cross sectional shape of the sheet. This paper presents an experimental study on two specific issues: (1) the sheathing overlapping configurations and their impact to the shear wall performance, (2) the attachment method for sheathing to framing. For the overlapping issue, one overlap and two overlaps in the corrugated sheets were experimentally investigated, it was found that the overlap differences did not cause ...


Simulating The Seismic Performance Of Cold-Formed Steel Framed Buildings Using Corrugated Sheet Shear Walls, Wenying Zhang, Mahsa Mahdavian, Yuanqi Li, Cheng Yu Nov 2016

Simulating The Seismic Performance Of Cold-Formed Steel Framed Buildings Using Corrugated Sheet Shear Walls, Wenying Zhang, Mahsa Mahdavian, Yuanqi Li, Cheng Yu

International Specialty Conference on Cold-Formed Steel Structures

Cold-formed steel framed shear wall sheathed with corrugated steel sheets is a promising shear wall system for low- and mid-rise constructions at high wind and seismic zones due to its advantages of non-combustibility, high shear strength, and high shear stiffness. A lot of work has been done on this subject. However, all the previous work is focused on the wall panel levels and more research work is needed on the entire building systems. The objective of this paper is to investigate the response of a cold-formed steel framed building with corrugated sheet sheathing subjected to earthquake excitation primarily through nonlinear ...