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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Resilience And Sustainability In The Management Of Landslides, Phillip N. Flentje, Robin N. Chowdhury Jan 2018

Resilience And Sustainability In The Management Of Landslides, Phillip N. Flentje, Robin N. Chowdhury

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

There are many regions worldwide which are susceptible to landslides, which cause loss of life and adverse impacts to infrastructure, environment and communities. Landslides are often triggered by exceptional rainfall and large-magnitude earthquakes. A range of strategies and methods have been developed to mitigate the occurrence of landslides and to reduce their impact, including risk to human safety. The adopted approaches and systems must be sustainable and resilient in relation to the communities that are at risk. This paper refers to an Australian regional case study of urban landslide management in the Wollongong region, New South Wales. The research carried ...


The Integration Of Mri In Radiation Therapy: Collaboration Of Radiographers And Radiation Therapists, Robba Rai, Shivani Kumar, Vikneswary Batumalai, Doaa Elwadia, Lucy Ohanessian, Ewa Juresic, Lynette Cassapi, Shalini K. Vinod, Lois C. Holloway, Paul J. Keall, Gary P. Liney Jan 2017

The Integration Of Mri In Radiation Therapy: Collaboration Of Radiographers And Radiation Therapists, Robba Rai, Shivani Kumar, Vikneswary Batumalai, Doaa Elwadia, Lucy Ohanessian, Ewa Juresic, Lynette Cassapi, Shalini K. Vinod, Lois C. Holloway, Paul J. Keall, Gary P. Liney

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The increased utilisation of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in radiation therapy (RT) has led to the implementation of MRI simulators for RT treatment planning and influenced the development of MRI-guided treatment systems. There is extensive literature on the advantages of MRI for tumour volume and organ-at-risk delineation compared to computed tomography. MRI provides both anatomical and functional information for RT treatment planning (RTP) as well as quantitative information to assess tumour response for adaptive treatment. Despite many advantages of MRI in RT, introducing an MRI simulator into a RT department is a challenge. Collaboration between radiographers and radiation therapists is ...


Direct Parametric Reconstruction With Joint Motion Estimation/Correction For Dynamic Brain Pet Data, Jieqing Jiao, Alexandre B. Bousse, Kris Thielemans, Ninon Burgos, Philip Weston, Jonathan M. Schott, David Atkinson, Simon R. Arridge, Brian F. Hutton, Pawel Markiewicz, Sebastien Ourselin Jan 2017

Direct Parametric Reconstruction With Joint Motion Estimation/Correction For Dynamic Brain Pet Data, Jieqing Jiao, Alexandre B. Bousse, Kris Thielemans, Ninon Burgos, Philip Weston, Jonathan M. Schott, David Atkinson, Simon R. Arridge, Brian F. Hutton, Pawel Markiewicz, Sebastien Ourselin

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Direct reconstruction of parametric images from raw photon counts has been shown to improve the quantitative analysis of dynamic positron emission tomography (PET) data. However it suffers from subject motion which is inevitable during the typical acquisition time of 1-2 hours. In this work we propose a framework to jointly estimate subject head motion and reconstruct the motion-corrected parametric images directly from raw PET data, so that the effects of distorted tissue-to-voxel mapping due to subject motion can be reduced in reconstructing the parametric images with motion-compensated attenuation correction and spatially aligned temporal PET data. The proposed approach is formulated ...


The Australian Mri-Linac Program: Measuring Profiles And Pdd In A Horizontal Beam, Jarrad Begg, Armia George, Sarah Alnaghy, Trent Causer, T Alharthi, L Glaubes, Bosheng Dong, Gary Goozee, Gary P. Liney, Lois C. Holloway, Paul J. Keall Jan 2017

The Australian Mri-Linac Program: Measuring Profiles And Pdd In A Horizontal Beam, Jarrad Begg, Armia George, Sarah Alnaghy, Trent Causer, T Alharthi, L Glaubes, Bosheng Dong, Gary Goozee, Gary P. Liney, Lois C. Holloway, Paul J. Keall

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The Australian MRI-Linac consists of a fixed horizontal photon beam combined with a MRI. Commissioning required PDD and profiles measured in a horizontal set-up using a combination of water tank measurements and gafchromic film. To validate the methodology, measurements were performed comparing PDD and profiles measured with the gantry angle set to 0 and 90° on a conventional linac. Results showed agreement to within 2.0% for PDD measured using both film and the water tank at gantry 90° relative to PDD acquired using gantry 0°. Profiles acquired using a water tank at both gantry 0 and 90° showed agreement ...


Radiation Response And Basic Dosimetric Characterisation Of The 'Magic Plate', Z A. Alrowaili, Michael L. F Lerch, Marco Petasecca, Martin G. Carolan, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld Jan 2017

Radiation Response And Basic Dosimetric Characterisation Of The 'Magic Plate', Z A. Alrowaili, Michael L. F Lerch, Marco Petasecca, Martin G. Carolan, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Two Dimensional (2D) silicon diode arrays are often implemented in radiation therapy quality assurance (QA) applications due to their advantages such as: real-time operation (compared to the films), large dynamic range and small size (compared to ionization chambers). The Centre for Medical Radiation Physics, University of Wollongong has developed a multifunctional 2D silicon diode array known as the Magic Plate (MP) for real-time applications and is suitable as a transmission detector for photon flunce mapping (MPTM) or for in phantom dose mapping (MPDM). The paper focusses on the characterisation of the MPDM in terms of output factor and square field ...


Effect Of Scattered Electrons On The 'Magic Plate' Transmission Array Detector Response, Z A. Alrowaili, Michael L. F Lerch, Marco Petasecca, Martin G. Carolan, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld Jan 2017

Effect Of Scattered Electrons On The 'Magic Plate' Transmission Array Detector Response, Z A. Alrowaili, Michael L. F Lerch, Marco Petasecca, Martin G. Carolan, Anatoly B. Rosenfeld

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Transmission type detectors can provide a measure of the energy fluence and if they are real-time systems that do not significantly attenuate the radiation beam have a distinct advantage over the current method as Quality Assurance (QA) could in principle be done during the actual patient treatment. The use of diode arrays in QA holds much promise due to real-time operation and feedback when compared to other methods e.g. films which are not real-time. The goal of this work is to describe the characterization of the radiation response of a silicon diode array called the Magic Plate (MP) when ...


Improvement Of Microstructure And Properties In Twin-Roll Casting 7075 Sheet By Lower Casting Speed And Compound Field, G Chen, Jintao Li, Z K. Yin, G M. Xu Jan 2017

Improvement Of Microstructure And Properties In Twin-Roll Casting 7075 Sheet By Lower Casting Speed And Compound Field, G Chen, Jintao Li, Z K. Yin, G M. Xu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Well-developed dendrites and severe macro and micro segregations in 7075 sheet produced by horizontal twin-roll casting (TRC) deteriorates the hot-workability and properties of the sheet, which makes an obstacle for the successful use of this technology. In this paper, lower casting speed and a pulsed electric-magnetostatic compound field are used to refine microstructure and abate segregation in TRC 7075 sheet. The dendrite arm space decreases from 20 ¿m to 8¿13 ¿m and the micro-segregation degree of Mg, Zn and Cu decreases when casting speed decreases from 1.5 m/min to 0.75 m/min. The center macro-segregation belt ...


Identity-Based Remote Data Integrity Checking With Perfect Data Privacy Preserving For Cloud Storage, Yong Yu, Man Ho Au, Giuseppe Ateniese, Xinyi Huang, Willy Susilo, Yuanshun Dai, Geyong Min Jan 2017

Identity-Based Remote Data Integrity Checking With Perfect Data Privacy Preserving For Cloud Storage, Yong Yu, Man Ho Au, Giuseppe Ateniese, Xinyi Huang, Willy Susilo, Yuanshun Dai, Geyong Min

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Remote data integrity checking (RDIC) enables a data storage server, say a cloud server, to prove to a verifier that it is actually storing a data owner's data honestly. To date, a number of RDIC protocols have been proposed in the literature. However, most of the constructions suffer from the issue of requiring complex key management. That is, they rely on the expensive public key infrastructure (PKI), which might hinder the deployment of RDIC in practice. In this paper, we propose a new construction of identity-based (ID-based) RDIC protocol by making use of key-homomorphic cryptographic primitive to reduce the ...


Sharing Social Network Data: Differentially Private Estimation Of Exponential Family Random-Graph Models, Vishesh Karwa, Pavel N. Krivitsky, Aleksandra B. Slavkovic Jan 2017

Sharing Social Network Data: Differentially Private Estimation Of Exponential Family Random-Graph Models, Vishesh Karwa, Pavel N. Krivitsky, Aleksandra B. Slavkovic

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Motivated by a real life problem of sharing social network data that contain sensitive personal information, we propose a novel approach to release and analyse synthetic graphs to protect privacy of individual relationships captured by the social network while maintaining the validity of statistical results. A case-study using a version of the Enron e-mail corpus data set demonstrates the application and usefulness of the proposed techniques in solving the challenging problem of maintaining privacy and supporting open access to network data to ensure reproducibility of existing studies and discovering new scientific insights that can be obtained by analysing such data ...


The Extension Class And Kms States For Cuntz-Pimsner Algebras Of Some Bi-Hilbertian Bimodules, Adam C. Rennie, David I. Robertson, Aidan Sims Jan 2017

The Extension Class And Kms States For Cuntz-Pimsner Algebras Of Some Bi-Hilbertian Bimodules, Adam C. Rennie, David I. Robertson, Aidan Sims

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

For bi-Hilbertian A-bimodules, in the sense of Kajiwara-Pinzari-Watatani, we construct a Kasparov module representing the extension class defining the Cuntz-Pimsner algebra. The construction utilises a singular expectation which is defined using the C*-module version of the Jones index for bi-Hilbertian bimodules. The Jones index data also determines a novel quasi-free dynamics and KMS states on these Cuntz-Pimsner algebras.


Anonymous Announcement System (Aas) For Electric Vehicle In Vanets, Man Ho Au, Joseph K. Liu, Zhenfei Zhang, Willy Susilo, Jin Li, Jianying Zhou Jan 2017

Anonymous Announcement System (Aas) For Electric Vehicle In Vanets, Man Ho Au, Joseph K. Liu, Zhenfei Zhang, Willy Susilo, Jin Li, Jianying Zhou

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Vehicular Ad Hoc Network (VANET) allows vehicles to exchange information about road and traffic conditions through wireless communications. Nevertheless, providing reliable and authenticated information without violating the user's privacy seems contradictory. In this paper, we propose an Anonymous Announcement System especially designed for Electric Vehicle (EV) in VANETs to achieve the aforementioned contradictory goals. We demonstrated the feasibility of the protocol with a prototype implementation on a suitable device and a network simulation with our protocol added on top of a normal VANET.


Influences Of Temperature And Grain Size On The Material Deformability In Microforming Process, Zhengyi Jiang, Jingwei Zhao, Haina Lu, Dongbin Wei, Kenichi Manabe, Xianming Zhao, Xiaoming Zhang, Di Wu Jan 2017

Influences Of Temperature And Grain Size On The Material Deformability In Microforming Process, Zhengyi Jiang, Jingwei Zhao, Haina Lu, Dongbin Wei, Kenichi Manabe, Xianming Zhao, Xiaoming Zhang, Di Wu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper investigated the influences of temperature and grain size on the deformability of pure copper in micro compression process. Based on the dislocation theory, a constitutive model was proposed taking into account the influences of forming temperature, Hall-Petch relationship and surface layer model. Vacuum heat treatment was employed to obtain various grain sizes of cylindrical workpieces, and then laser heating method was applied to heat workpieces during microforming process. Finite element (FE) simulation was also performed, with simulated values agreed well with the experimental results in terms of metal flow stress. Both the FE simulated and experimental results indicate ...


Nonlinear Analysis Of Circular High Strength Concrete-Filled Stainless Steel Tubular Slender Beam-Columns, Vipulkumar I. Patel, Qing Quan Liang, Muhammad N. S Hadi Jan 2017

Nonlinear Analysis Of Circular High Strength Concrete-Filled Stainless Steel Tubular Slender Beam-Columns, Vipulkumar I. Patel, Qing Quan Liang, Muhammad N. S Hadi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Concrete-filled stainless steel tubular (CFSST) slender columns are increasingly used in composite structures owing to their distinguished features, such as aesthetic appearance, high corrosion resistance, high durability and ease of maintenance. Currently, however, there is a lack of an accurate and efficient numerical model that can be utilized to determine the performance of circular CFSST slender columns. This paper describes a nonlinear fiber-based model proposed for computing the deflection and axial load-moment strength interaction responses of eccentrically loaded circular high-strength CFSST slender columns. The fiber-based model incorporates the accurate three-stage stress-strain relations of stainless steels, accounting for different strain hardening ...


Stir Casting Process For Manufacture Of Al-Sic Composites, Shahin Soltani, R Azari Khosroshahi, R Taherzadeh Mousavian, Zhengyi Jiang, Alireza Fadavi Boostani, D Brabazon Jan 2017

Stir Casting Process For Manufacture Of Al-Sic Composites, Shahin Soltani, R Azari Khosroshahi, R Taherzadeh Mousavian, Zhengyi Jiang, Alireza Fadavi Boostani, D Brabazon

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Stir casting is an economical process for the fabrication of aluminum matrix composites. There are many parameters in this process, which affect the final microstructure and mechanical properties of the composites. In this study, micron-sized SiC particles were used as reinforcement to fabricate Al-3 wt% SiC composites at two casting temperatures (680 and 850 °C) and stirring periods (2 and 6 min). Factors of reaction at matrix/ceramic interface, porosity, ceramic incorporation, and agglomeration of the particles were evaluated by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and high-resolution transition electron microscope (HRTEM) studies. From microstructural characterizations, it is concluded that the shorter ...


Membership Function Based Matching Approach Of Buyers And Sellers Through A Broker In Open E-Marketplace, Dien Tuan Le, Minjie Zhang, Fenghui Ren Jan 2017

Membership Function Based Matching Approach Of Buyers And Sellers Through A Broker In Open E-Marketplace, Dien Tuan Le, Minjie Zhang, Fenghui Ren

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

No abstract provided.


Barriers To Predictive Analytics Use For Policy Decision-Making Effectiveness In Turbulent Times: A Case Study Of Fukushima Nuclear Accident, Akemi T. Chatfield, Christopher Reddick Jan 2017

Barriers To Predictive Analytics Use For Policy Decision-Making Effectiveness In Turbulent Times: A Case Study Of Fukushima Nuclear Accident, Akemi T. Chatfield, Christopher Reddick

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

No abstract provided.


An Efficient And Provably Secure Rfid Grouping Proof Protocol, Shu Cheng, Vijay Varadharajan, Yi Mu, Willy Susilo Jan 2017

An Efficient And Provably Secure Rfid Grouping Proof Protocol, Shu Cheng, Vijay Varadharajan, Yi Mu, Willy Susilo

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

RFID Grouping proof convinces an offline verifier that multiple tags are simultaneously scanned. Various solutions have been proposed but most of them have security and privacy vulnerabilities. In this paper, we propose an elliptic-curve-based RFID grouping proof protocol. Our protocol is proven secure and narrow-strong private. We also demonstrate that our grouping proof can be batch verified to improve the efficiency for large-scale RFID systems and it is suitable for low-cost RFID tags.


Rfid Ownership Transfer With Positive Secrecy Capacity Channels, Jorge Munilla Fajardo, Mike Burmester, Alberto Peinado, Guomin Yang, Willy Susilo Jan 2017

Rfid Ownership Transfer With Positive Secrecy Capacity Channels, Jorge Munilla Fajardo, Mike Burmester, Alberto Peinado, Guomin Yang, Willy Susilo

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

RFID ownership transfer protocols (OTPs) transfer tag ownership rights. Recently, there has been considerable interest in such protocols, however, guaranteeing privacy for symmetric-key settings without trusted third parties (TTPs) is a challenge still unresolved. In this paper, we address this issue and show that it can be solved by using channels with positive secrecy capacity. We implement these channels with noisy tags and provide practical values, thus proving that perfect secrecy is theoretically possible. We then define a communication model that captures spatiotemporal events and describe a first example of symmetric-key based OTP that: (i) is formally secure in the ...


Bots Without Borders: How Anonymous Accounts Hijack Political Debate, Katina Michael Jan 2017

Bots Without Borders: How Anonymous Accounts Hijack Political Debate, Katina Michael

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

No abstract provided.


Low Voltage Ride-Through Enhancement Of Dfig-Based Wind Turbine Using Dc Link Switchable Resistive Type Fault Current Limiter, Seyed Behzad Naderi, Michael Negnevitsky, Amin Jalilian, Mehrdad Tarafdar Hagh, Kashem M. Muttaqi Jan 2017

Low Voltage Ride-Through Enhancement Of Dfig-Based Wind Turbine Using Dc Link Switchable Resistive Type Fault Current Limiter, Seyed Behzad Naderi, Michael Negnevitsky, Amin Jalilian, Mehrdad Tarafdar Hagh, Kashem M. Muttaqi

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG)-based wind turbines utilise small-scale voltage sourced converters with a limited overcurrent withstand capability, which makes the DFIG-based wind turbines very vulnerable to grid faults. Often, modern DFIG systems employ a crowbar protection at the rotor circuit to protect the rotor side converter (RSC) during grid faults. This method converts the DFIG to a squirrel cage induction generator, which does not comply with the new grid codes. The recent grid codes need wind turbines to stay connected to the utility grid during and after power system faults, especially in high penetration level of wind power. Furthermore ...


Development Of A Dynamic Model For A Hybrid Photovoltaic Thermal Collector - Solar Air Heater With Fins, Wenke Fan, Georgios Kokogiannakis, Zhenjun Ma, Paul Cooper Jan 2017

Development Of A Dynamic Model For A Hybrid Photovoltaic Thermal Collector - Solar Air Heater With Fins, Wenke Fan, Georgios Kokogiannakis, Zhenjun Ma, Paul Cooper

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A dynamic model for a hybrid Photovoltaic Thermal Collector-Solar Air Heater (PVT-SAH) with longitudinal fins was developed to enable assessment of the potential of the system to provide high temperature outlet air (60-90 °C) under dynamic boundary conditions. The model description includes the method for discretising the system into a number of control volumes, the energy balance equations for each control volume and the implementation of the numerical solution. Model validation has been successfully undertaken by using empirical verification of model predictions with an experimental facility and by comparing the model outputs with the reference data from the literature. The ...


Application Of Fractional Calculus In Modelling Ballast Deformation Under Cyclic Loading, Yifei Sun, Buddhima Indraratna, John Philip Carter, Timothy R. Marchant, Sanjay Nimbalkar Jan 2017

Application Of Fractional Calculus In Modelling Ballast Deformation Under Cyclic Loading, Yifei Sun, Buddhima Indraratna, John Philip Carter, Timothy R. Marchant, Sanjay Nimbalkar

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Most constitutive models can only simulate cumulative deformation after a limited number of cycles. However, railroad ballast usually experiences a large number of train passages that cause history-dependent long-term deformation. Fractional calculus is an efficient tool for modelling this phenomenon and therefore is incorporated into a constitutive model for predicting the cumulative deformation. The proposed model is further validated by comparing the model predictions with a series of corresponding experimental results. It is observed that the proposed model can realistically simulate the cumulative deformation of ballast from the onset of loading up to a large number of load cycles.


Holistic Sludge Management Through Ozonation: A Critical Review, Galilee U. Semblante, Faisal I. Hai, Dionysios D. Dionysiou, Kensuke Fukushi, William E. Price, Long D. Nghiem Jan 2017

Holistic Sludge Management Through Ozonation: A Critical Review, Galilee U. Semblante, Faisal I. Hai, Dionysios D. Dionysiou, Kensuke Fukushi, William E. Price, Long D. Nghiem

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper critically reviews the multidimensional benefits of ozonation in wastewater treatment plants. These benefits include sludge reduction, removal of emerging trace organic contaminants (TrOC) from wastewater and sludge, and resource recovery from sludge. Literature shows that ozonation leads to sludge solubilisation, reducing overall biomass yield. Sludge solubilisation is primarily influenced by ozone dosage, which, in turn, depends on the fraction of ozonated sludge, ozone concentration, and sludge concentration. Additionally, sludge ozonation facilitates the removal of TrOCs from wastewater. On the other hand, by inducing cell lysis, ozonation increases the chemical oxygen demand (COD) and nutrient concentration of the sludge ...


Osmotic Versus Conventional Membrane Bioreactors Integrated With Reverse Osmosis For Water Reuse: Biological Stability, Membrane Fouling, And Contaminant Removal, Wenhai Luo, Hop Phan, Ming Xie, Faisal I. Hai, William E. Price, Menachem Elimelech, Long D. Nghiem Jan 2017

Osmotic Versus Conventional Membrane Bioreactors Integrated With Reverse Osmosis For Water Reuse: Biological Stability, Membrane Fouling, And Contaminant Removal, Wenhai Luo, Hop Phan, Ming Xie, Faisal I. Hai, William E. Price, Menachem Elimelech, Long D. Nghiem

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This study systematically compares the performance of osmotic membrane bioreactor - reverse osmosis (OMBR-RO) and conventional membrane bioreactor - reverse osmosis (MBR-RO) for advanced wastewater treatment and water reuse. Both systems achieved effective removal of bulk organic matter and nutrients, and almost complete removal of all 31 trace organic contaminants investigated. They both could produce high quality water suitable for recycling applications. During OMBR-RO operation, salinity build-up in the bioreactor reduced the water flux and negatively impacted the system biological treatment by altering biomass characteristics and microbial community structure. In addition, the elevated salinity also increased soluble microbial products and extracellular polymeric ...


Experimental Investigation And Simplified Modeling Of Response Of Steel Plates Subjected To Close-In Blast Loading From Spherical Liquid Explosive Charges, Alex M. Remennikov, Tuan D. Ngo, Damith Mohotti, Brian Uy, Michael Netherton Jan 2017

Experimental Investigation And Simplified Modeling Of Response Of Steel Plates Subjected To Close-In Blast Loading From Spherical Liquid Explosive Charges, Alex M. Remennikov, Tuan D. Ngo, Damith Mohotti, Brian Uy, Michael Netherton

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Detonations of nitromethane spherical charges have been carried out to study close-in blast loading of steel plates and the effectiveness of several protective solutions. Three types of bare steel plates, namely mild steel, high-strength steel, and stainless steel were subjected to explosive blast loading. Steel plates of the same type with polyurea coating and composite covers were also subjected to localized blast loading. During an explosive field trial, the blast pressures and displacements of steel plates were measured. Additionally, loading of steel plates by the impinging detonation products was captured by high-speed video recordings. This experimental program has produced results ...


Flexural Behaviour Of Gfrp Reinforced High Strength And Ultra High Strength Concrete Beams, Matthew Goldston, Alex M. Remennikov, M Neaz Sheikh Jan 2017

Flexural Behaviour Of Gfrp Reinforced High Strength And Ultra High Strength Concrete Beams, Matthew Goldston, Alex M. Remennikov, M Neaz Sheikh

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

FRP bars are considered alternatives to steel bars for reinforcing concrete structures in harsh environments. FRP bars are non-corrosive, light weight, non-magnetic and have high longitudinal strength and low thermal and electric conductivity. This paper experimentally investigated the flexural behaviour of high strength concrete (HSC) and ultra-high strength concrete (UHSC) beams reinforced with glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) bars that has not been addressed in the literature before. Beams of 2400 mm long, 100 mm wide and 150 mm high were tested under quasi-static loading (three point loading). Influence of reinforcement ratio and compressive strength of concrete (HSC and UHSC ...


Using Contrastive Divergence To Seed Monte Carlo Mle For Exponential-Family Random Graph Models, Pavel N. Krivitsky Jan 2017

Using Contrastive Divergence To Seed Monte Carlo Mle For Exponential-Family Random Graph Models, Pavel N. Krivitsky

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Exponential-family models for dependent data have applications in a wide variety of areas, but the dependence often results in an intractable likelihood, requiring either analytic approximation or MCMC-based techniques to fit, the latter requiring an initial parameter configuration to seed their simulations. A poor initial configuration can lead to slow convergence or outright failure. The approximate techniques that could be used to find them tend not to be as general as the simulation-based and require implementation separate from that of the MLE-finding algorithm. Contrastive divergence is a more recent simulation-based approximation technique that uses a series of abridged MCMC runs ...


Vibration-Induced Aerodynamic Loads On Large Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine Blades, Xiong Liu, Cheng Lu, Shi Liang, Ajit R. Godbole, Yan Chen Jan 2017

Vibration-Induced Aerodynamic Loads On Large Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine Blades, Xiong Liu, Cheng Lu, Shi Liang, Ajit R. Godbole, Yan Chen

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The blades of a large Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine (HAWT) are subjected to significant vibrations during operation. The vibrations affect the dynamic flow field around the blade and consequently alter the aerodynamic forces on the blade. In order to better understand the influence of blade vibrations on the aerodynamic loads, the dynamic stall characteristics of an S809 airfoil undergoing translational motion as well as pitching motion were investigated using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) techniques. Simulation results indicated that both the out-of-plane and in-plane translational motions of the airfoil affect the unsteady aerodynamic forces significantly. In order to investigate the effects ...


Maximising Resource Allocation In The Teaching Laboratory: Understanding Student Evaluations Of Teaching Assistants In A Team-Based Teaching Format, Sasha Nikolic, Thomas F. Suesse, Timothy J. Mccarthy, Thomas Goldfinch Jan 2017

Maximising Resource Allocation In The Teaching Laboratory: Understanding Student Evaluations Of Teaching Assistants In A Team-Based Teaching Format, Sasha Nikolic, Thomas F. Suesse, Timothy J. Mccarthy, Thomas Goldfinch

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Minimal research papers have investigated the use of student evaluations on the laboratory, a learning medium usually run by teaching assistants with little control of the content, delivery and equipment. Finding the right mix of teaching assistants for the laboratory can be an onerous task due to the many skills required including theoretical and practical know-how, troubleshooting, safety and class management. Using larger classes with multiple teaching assistants, a team-based teaching (TBT) format may be advantageous. A rigorous three-year study across twenty-five courses over repetitive laboratory classes is analysed using a multi-level statistical model considering students, laboratory classes and courses ...


A Degree Theory For Second Order Nonlinear Elliptic Operators With Nonlinear Oblique Boundary Conditions, Yanyan Li, Jiakun Liu, Luc Nguyen Jan 2017

A Degree Theory For Second Order Nonlinear Elliptic Operators With Nonlinear Oblique Boundary Conditions, Yanyan Li, Jiakun Liu, Luc Nguyen

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In this paper, we introduce an integer-valued degree for second order fully nonlinear elliptic operators with nonlinear oblique boundary conditions. We also give some applications to the existence of solutions of certain nonlinear elliptic equations arising from a Yamabe problem with boundary and reflector problems.