Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Engineering Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 12 of 12

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Muscle Activity-Driven Green-Oriented Random Number Generation Mechanism To Secure Wbsn Wearable Device Communications, Yuanlong Cao, Guanghe Zhang, Fanghua Liu, Ilsun You, Guanglou Zheng, Oluwarotimi W. Samuel, Shixiong Chen Jan 2018

Muscle Activity-Driven Green-Oriented Random Number Generation Mechanism To Secure Wbsn Wearable Device Communications, Yuanlong Cao, Guanghe Zhang, Fanghua Liu, Ilsun You, Guanglou Zheng, Oluwarotimi W. Samuel, Shixiong Chen

ECU Publications Post 2013

Wireless body sensor networks (WBSNs) mostly consist of low-cost sensor nodes and implanted devices which generally have extremely limited capability of computations and energy capabilities. Hence, traditional security protocols and privacy enhancing technologies are not applicable to the WBSNs since their computations and cryptographic primitives are normally exceedingly complicated. Nowadays, mobile wearable and wireless muscle-computer interfaces have been integrated with the WBSN sensors for various applications such as rehabilitation, sports, entertainment, and healthcare. In this paper, we propose MGRNG, a novel muscle activity-driven green-oriented random number generation mechanism which uses the human muscle activity as green energy resource to generate ...


Universal Signal Conditioning Technique For Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors In Plc And Scada Applications, Gary Allwood, Graham Wild, Steven Hinkley Jan 2017

Universal Signal Conditioning Technique For Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors In Plc And Scada Applications, Gary Allwood, Graham Wild, Steven Hinkley

ECU Publications Post 2013

Optical fibre sensors, such as Fibre Bragg Gratings (FBGs), are growing in their utilisation, although very niche in their applications. To enable a more diverse range of end users, expensive application-specific optical fibre interrogation hardware needs to be made compatible with and, ideally, easily incorporated into existing instrumentation and measurement hardware. The Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) is an ideal example of hardware used for data acquisition in many industries. As such, a module that can be connected into an existing PLC slot to collect data from electrically-neutral, EMI-immune and versatile FBG sensors is of significant advantage to the growing optical ...


An Investigation Into Spike-Based Neuromorphic Approaches For Artificial Olfactory Systems, Anup Vanarse, Adam Osseiran, Alexander Rassau Jan 2017

An Investigation Into Spike-Based Neuromorphic Approaches For Artificial Olfactory Systems, Anup Vanarse, Adam Osseiran, Alexander Rassau

ECU Publications Post 2013

The implementation of neuromorphic methods has delivered promising results for vision and auditory sensors. These methods focus on mimicking the neuro-biological architecture to generate and process spike-based information with minimal power consumption. With increasing interest in developing low-power and robust chemical sensors, the application of neuromorphic engineering concepts for electronic noses has provided an impetus for research focusing on improving these instruments. While conventional e-noses apply computationally expensive and power-consuming data-processing strategies, neuromorphic olfactory sensors implement the biological olfaction principles found in humans and insects to simplify the handling of multivariate sensory data by generating and processing spike-based information. Over ...


Influence Of Neural Network Training Parameters On Short-Term Wind Forecasting, Adel Brka, Yasir M. Al-Abdeli, Ganesh Kothapalli Jan 2016

Influence Of Neural Network Training Parameters On Short-Term Wind Forecasting, Adel Brka, Yasir M. Al-Abdeli, Ganesh Kothapalli

ECU Publications Post 2013

This paper investigates factors which can affect the accuracy of short-term wind speed prediction when done over long periods spanning different seasons. Two types of neural networks (NNs) are used to forecast power generated via specific horizontal axis wind turbines. Meteorological data used are for a specific Western Australian location. Results reveal that seasonal variations affect the prediction accuracy of the wind resource, but the magnitude of this influence strongly depends on the details of the NN deployed. Factors investigated include the span of the time series needed to initially train the networks, the temporal resolution of these data, the ...


Synthesis, Characteristics, And Material Properties Dataset Of Bi:Dyig-Oxide Garnet-Type Nanocomposites, M Nur-E-Alam, Mikhail Vasiliev, Kamal Alameh May 2015

Synthesis, Characteristics, And Material Properties Dataset Of Bi:Dyig-Oxide Garnet-Type Nanocomposites, M Nur-E-Alam, Mikhail Vasiliev, Kamal Alameh

ECU Publications Post 2013

The fabrication, annealing crystallization processes, and material properties of (Bi,Dy)3(Fe,Ga)5O12:Bi2O3 nanocomposites are investigated and summarized. The stoichiometry of these nanocomposites is optimized for magnetooptic applications using the approach of stoichiometry adjustment (implemented by means of varying RF power densities applied to the sputtering targets used to prepare the nanocomposite thin films). The crystallization processes for all developed batches of as-deposited films are carried out by annealing runs at different temperatures and process durations. This paper describes the methodologies used to optimize the compositions (by calculating the volumetric fractions of excess bismuth oxide to be ...


Tunable Optical Nanocavity Of Iron-Garnet With A Buried Metal Layer, Alexey N. Kuz'michev, Lars E. Kreilkamp, Mohammed Nur-E-Alam, Evgeni Bezus, Mikhail Vasilev, Iliya A. Akimov, Kamal Alameh, Manfred Bayer, Vladimir I. Belotelov Jan 2015

Tunable Optical Nanocavity Of Iron-Garnet With A Buried Metal Layer, Alexey N. Kuz'michev, Lars E. Kreilkamp, Mohammed Nur-E-Alam, Evgeni Bezus, Mikhail Vasilev, Iliya A. Akimov, Kamal Alameh, Manfred Bayer, Vladimir I. Belotelov

ECU Publications Post 2013

We report on the fabrication and characterization of a novel magnetophotonic structure designed as iron garnet based magneto-optical nanoresonator cavity constrained by two noble metal mirrors. Since the iron garnet layer requires annealing at high temperatures, the fabrication process can be rather challenging. Special approaches for the protection of metal layers against oxidation and morphological changes along with a special plasma-assisted polishing of the iron garnet layer surface were used to achieve a 10-fold enhancement of the Faraday rotation angle (up to 10.8°=μm) within a special resonance peak of 12 nm (FWHM) linewidth at a wavelength of 772 ...


The Ph Sensing Properties Of Rf Sputtered Ruo2 Thin-Film Prepared Using Different Ar/O2 Flow Ratio, Ali Sardarinejad, Devendra Kumar Maurya, Kamal Alameh Jan 2015

The Ph Sensing Properties Of Rf Sputtered Ruo2 Thin-Film Prepared Using Different Ar/O2 Flow Ratio, Ali Sardarinejad, Devendra Kumar Maurya, Kamal Alameh

ECU Publications Post 2013

The influence of the Ar/O2 gas ratio during radio frequency (RF) sputtering of the RuO2 sensing electrode on the pH sensing performance is investigated. The developed pH sensor consists in an RF sputtered ruthenium oxide thin-film sensing electrode, in conjunction with an electroplated Ag/AgCl reference electrode. The performance and characterization of the developed pH sensors in terms of sensitivity, response time, stability, reversibility, and hysteresis are investigated. Experimental results show that the pH sensor exhibits super-Nernstian slopes in the range of 64.33-73.83 mV/pH for Ar/O2 gas ratio between 10/0-7/3 ...


Properties Of Exchange Coupled All-Garnet Magneto-Optic Thin Film Multilayer Structures, Mohammed Nur-E-Alam, Mikhail Vasilev, Viacheslav A. Kotov, Dmitry Balabanov, Ilya Akimov, Kamal Alameh Jan 2015

Properties Of Exchange Coupled All-Garnet Magneto-Optic Thin Film Multilayer Structures, Mohammed Nur-E-Alam, Mikhail Vasilev, Viacheslav A. Kotov, Dmitry Balabanov, Ilya Akimov, Kamal Alameh

ECU Publications Post 2013

The effects of exchange coupling on magnetic switching properties of all-garnet multilayer thin film structures are investigated. All-garnet structures are fabricated by sandwiching a magneto-soft material of composition type Bi1.8Lu1.2Fe3.6Al1.4O12 or Bi3Fe5O12:Dy2O3 in between two magneto-hard garnet material layers of composition type Bi2Dy1Fe4Ga1O12 or Bi2Dy1Fe4Ga1O12:Bi12O3. The fabricated RF magnetron sputtered exchange-coupled all-garnet multilayers demonstrate a very ...


Application Of A Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Unit For Power Systems Stability Improvement, Embaiya Salih, Stefan Lachowicz, Octavian Bass, Daryoush Habibi Jan 2014

Application Of A Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Unit For Power Systems Stability Improvement, Embaiya Salih, Stefan Lachowicz, Octavian Bass, Daryoush Habibi

ECU Publications Post 2013

A superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) includes a high inductance coil that can act as a constant source of direct current. A SMES unit connected to a power system is able to absorb and store both active and reactive power from this system and to inject these powers into this system when they are needed. The injected power can be controlled by changing both the duty cycle of the dc-dc chopper switches and its operation modes. A SMES is always associated with a power conversion system consisting of two identical converters connected by a de link capacitor. This paper presents ...


Investigating Strain Transfer In Polymer Coated Structures For The Health Monitoring Of Aerospace Vehicles Using Polymer Photonic Waveguides, Graham Wild, Bronwyn Fox, Kevin Magniez, Steven Hinckley, Scott Wade, G Carman Jan 2014

Investigating Strain Transfer In Polymer Coated Structures For The Health Monitoring Of Aerospace Vehicles Using Polymer Photonic Waveguides, Graham Wild, Bronwyn Fox, Kevin Magniez, Steven Hinckley, Scott Wade, G Carman

ECU Publications Post 2013

In this work, we present the concept of planar polymer photonic waveguides for the health monitoring of aerospace structures. Here a polymer layer is deposited onto the material/structure to be monitored. Within the polymer layer, waveguides are created after deposition. These waveguides can then be used as 'optical fibres' for optical fibre sensing methodologies. In investigating the use of polymer photonic waveguides the question to be answered is: does the strain in the test material transfer to the polymer layer, such that the value to be measured optically is reliable and indicative of the true strain in the test ...


Magnetophotonic Intensity Effects In Hybrid Metal-Dielectric Structures, V I. Belotelov, L E. Kreilkamp, A N. Kalish, I A. Akimov, D A. Bykov, S Kasture, V J. Yallapragada, A V. Gopal, A M. Grishin, S I. Khartsev, Mohammad Nurealam, Mikhail Vasiliev, L L. Doskolovich, D R. Yakovlev, Kamal Alameh, A K. Zvezdin, M Bayer Jan 2014

Magnetophotonic Intensity Effects In Hybrid Metal-Dielectric Structures, V I. Belotelov, L E. Kreilkamp, A N. Kalish, I A. Akimov, D A. Bykov, S Kasture, V J. Yallapragada, A V. Gopal, A M. Grishin, S I. Khartsev, Mohammad Nurealam, Mikhail Vasiliev, L L. Doskolovich, D R. Yakovlev, Kamal Alameh, A K. Zvezdin, M Bayer

ECU Publications Post 2013

The magneto-optical properties of a hybrid metal-dielectric structure consisting of a one-dimensional gold grating on top of a magnetic waveguide layer are studied experimentally and theoretically. It is demonstrated that a magnetic field applied in the longitudinal configuration (in the plane of the magnetic film and perpendicular to the slits in the gold grating) to the metal-dielectric structure modifies the field distribution of the optical modes and thus changes the mode excitation conditions. In the optical far field, this manifests in the alteration of the optical transmittance or reflectance when the structure becomes magnetized. This magneto-optical effect is shown to ...


Constant-Stress Accelerated Life Test Of White Organic Light-Emitting Diode Based On Least Square Method Under Weibull Distribution, J Zhang, C Liu, G Cheng, X Chen, J Wu, Q Zhu, Laichang Zhang Jan 2014

Constant-Stress Accelerated Life Test Of White Organic Light-Emitting Diode Based On Least Square Method Under Weibull Distribution, J Zhang, C Liu, G Cheng, X Chen, J Wu, Q Zhu, Laichang Zhang

ECU Publications Post 2013

It is currently hard to estimate the reliability parameters of organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) when conducting a life test at normal stress, due to the remarkably improved life of OLEDs to thousands hours. This work adopted three constant-stress accelerated life tests (CSALTs) to predict the life of white OLEDs in a short time. The Weibull function was applied to describe the life distribution, and the shape and scale parameters were estimated using the least square method. The experimental test data were statistically analyzed using a self-developed software. The life of white OLEDs predicted via this software is in good agreement ...