Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Engineering Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Dissertations

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 1398

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Exploiting Bert And Roberta To Improve Performance For Aspect Based Sentiment Analysis, Gagan Reddy Narayanaswamy Jan 2021

Exploiting Bert And Roberta To Improve Performance For Aspect Based Sentiment Analysis, Gagan Reddy Narayanaswamy

Dissertations

Sentiment Analysis also known as opinion mining is a type of text research that analyses people’s opinions expressed in written language. Sentiment analysis brings together various research areas such as Natural Language Processing (NLP), Data Mining, and Text Mining, and is fast becoming of major importance to companies and organizations as it is started to incorporate online commerce data for analysis. Often the data on which sentiment analysis is performed will be reviews. The data can range from reviews of a small product to a big multinational corporation. The goal of performing sentiment analysis is to extract information from ...


Adequately Generating Captions For An Image Using Adaptive And Global Attention Mechanisms., Shravan Kumar Talanki Venkatarathanaiahsetty Jan 2021

Adequately Generating Captions For An Image Using Adaptive And Global Attention Mechanisms., Shravan Kumar Talanki Venkatarathanaiahsetty

Dissertations

Generating description to images is a recent surge and with latest developments in the field of Artificial Intelligence, it can be one of the prominent applications to bridge the gap between Computer vision and Natural language processing fields. In terms of the learning curve, Deep learning has become the main backbone in driving many new applications. Image Captioning is one such application where the usage of Deep learning methods enhanced the performance of the captioning accuracy. The introduction of the Encoder-Decoder framework was a breakthrough in Image captioning. But as the sequences got longer the performance of captions was affected ...


Feature Augmentation For Improved Topic Modeling Of Youtube Lecture Videos Using Latent Dirichlet Allocation, Nakul Srikumar Jan 2021

Feature Augmentation For Improved Topic Modeling Of Youtube Lecture Videos Using Latent Dirichlet Allocation, Nakul Srikumar

Dissertations

Application of Topic Models in text mining of educational data and more specifically, the text data obtained from lecture videos, is an area of research which is largely unexplored yet holds great potential. This work seeks to find empirical evidence for an improvement in Topic Modeling by pre- extracting bigram tokens and adding them as additional features in the Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) algorithm, a widely-recognized topic modeling technique. The dataset considered for analysis is a collection of transcripts of video lectures on Machine Learning scraped from YouTube. Using the cosine similarity distance measure as a metric, the experiment showed ...


Dances And Escape Of The Vortex Quartet, Brandon Behring Dec 2020

Dances And Escape Of The Vortex Quartet, Brandon Behring

Dissertations

This dissertation considers the linear stability of a one-parameter family of periodic solutions of the four-vortex problem known as 'leapfrogging' orbits. These solutions, which consist of two pairs of identical yet oppositely-signed vortices, were known to W. Gröbli (1877) and A. E. H. Love (1883) and can be parameterized by a dimensionless parameter related to the geometry of the initial configuration. Simulations by Acheson and numerical Floquet analysis by Tophøj and Aref both indicate, to many digits, that the bifurcation occurs at a value related to the inverse square of the golen ratio. Acheson observed that, after an initial period ...


Modeling Mass Transfer And Chemical Reaction In Industrial Nitrocellulose Manufacturing Processes, Francis Patrick Sullivan Dec 2020

Modeling Mass Transfer And Chemical Reaction In Industrial Nitrocellulose Manufacturing Processes, Francis Patrick Sullivan

Dissertations

A series of models are proposed to describe the production of military grade nitrocellulose from dense cellulose materials in mixtures of nitric acid, sulfuric acid, and water. This effort is conducted to provide a predictive capability for analyzing the rate and extent of reaction achieved under a range of reaction conditions used in the industrial nitrocellulose manufacturing process for sheeted cellulose materials. Because this capability does not presently exist, nitrocellulose producers have historically relied on a very narrow range of cellulose raw materials and resorted to trial and error methods to develop processing conditions for new materials. This tool enables ...


Coordination, Adaptation, And Complexity Indecision Fusion, Weiqiang Dong Dec 2020

Coordination, Adaptation, And Complexity Indecision Fusion, Weiqiang Dong

Dissertations

A parallel decentralized detection system employs a bank of local detectors (LDs) that access a commonly observed phenomenon. The system makes a binary decision about the phenomenon, accepting one of two hypotheses (H0 ("absent") or H1 ("present")). The kth LD uses a local decision rule to compress its local observations yk into a binary local decision uk; uk = 0 if the kth LD accepts H0 and uk = 1 if it accepts H1. The kth LD sends its decision uk over a noiseless dedicated channel to a Data Fusion Center (DFC). The DFC combines the local decisions it receives from n ...


Drone-Assisted Emergency Communications, Di Wu Dec 2020

Drone-Assisted Emergency Communications, Di Wu

Dissertations

Drone-mounted base stations (DBSs) have been proposed to extend coverage and improve communications between mobile users (MUs) and their corresponding macro base stations (MBSs). Different from the base stations on the ground, DBSs can flexibly fly over and close to MUs to establish a better vantage for communications. Thus, the pathloss between a DBS and an MU can be much smaller than that between the MU and MBS. In addition, by hovering in the air, the DBS can likely establish a Line-of-Sight link to the MBS. DBSs can be leveraged to recover communications in a large natural disaster struck area ...


Experiments And Modeling Of The Chemo-Mechanically Coupled Behavior Of Polymeric Gels, Nikola Bosnjak Dec 2020

Experiments And Modeling Of The Chemo-Mechanically Coupled Behavior Of Polymeric Gels, Nikola Bosnjak

Dissertations

Polymeric materials consist of mutually entangled or chemically crosslinked long njitmolecular chains which form a polymer network. Due to their molecular structure, the njitpolymeric materials are known to undergo large deformation in response to various njitenvironmental stimuli, such as temperature, chemical potential and light.

When a polymer network is exposed to a suitable chemical solvent, the solvent molecules are able to diffuse inside the network, causing it to undergo a large volumetric deformation, known as swelling. In addition to volumetric deformation, this process involves the chemical mixing of the polymer network and solvent molecules, and is typically environmentally responsive. A ...


Human-Robot Interaction For Assistive Robotics, Jiawei Li Dec 2020

Human-Robot Interaction For Assistive Robotics, Jiawei Li

Dissertations

This dissertation presents an in-depth study of human-robot interaction (HRI) withapplication to assistive robotics. In various studies, dexterous in-hand manipulation is included, assistive robots for Sit-To-stand (STS) assistance along with the human intention estimation. In Chapter 1, the background and issues of HRI are explicitly discussed. In Chapter 2, the literature review introduces the recent state-of-the-art research on HRI, such as physical Human-Robot Interaction (HRI), robot STS assistance, dexterous in hand manipulation and human intention estimation. In Chapter 3, various models and control algorithms are described in detail. Chapter 4 introduces the research equipment. Chapter 5 presents innovative theories and ...


Development Of Novel Inks And Approaches For Printing Tissues And Organs, Shen Ji Dec 2020

Development Of Novel Inks And Approaches For Printing Tissues And Organs, Shen Ji

Dissertations

Tissue engineering is a multidisciplinary field that investigates and develops new methods to repair, regenerate and replace damaged tissues and organs, or to develop biomaterial platforms as in vitro models. Tissue engineering approaches require the fabrication of scaffolds using biomaterials or fabrication of living tissues using cells. As the demands of customized, implantable tissue/organs are increasing and becoming more urgent, conventional scaffold fabrication approaches are difficult to meet the requirements, especially for complex large-scale tissue fabrication. In this regard, three-dimensional (3D) printing attracted more interest over the past decades due to its unrivaled ability to fabricate highly customized tissues ...


A Deep Machine Learning Approach For Predicting Freeway Work Zone Delay Using Big Data, Abdullah Shabarek Dec 2020

A Deep Machine Learning Approach For Predicting Freeway Work Zone Delay Using Big Data, Abdullah Shabarek

Dissertations

The introduction of deep learning and big data analytics may significantly elevate the performance of traffic speed prediction. Work zones become one of the most critical factors causing congestion impact, which reduces the mobility as well as traffic safety. A comprehensive literature review on existing work zone delay prediction models (i.e., parametric, simulation and non-parametric models) is conducted in this research. The research shows the limitations of each model. Moreover, most previous modeling approaches did not consider user delay for connected freeways when predicting traffic speed under work zone conditions. This research proposes Deep Artificial Neural Network (Deep ANN ...


Online Fulfillment: F-Warehouse Order Consolidation And Bops Store Picking Problems, Wen Zhu Dec 2020

Online Fulfillment: F-Warehouse Order Consolidation And Bops Store Picking Problems, Wen Zhu

Dissertations

Fulfillment of online retail orders is a critical challenge for retailers since the legacy infrastructure and control methods are ill suited for online retail. The primary performance goal of online fulfillment is speed or fast fulfillment, requiring received orders to be shipped or ready for pickup within a few hours. Several novel numerical problems characterize fast fulfillment operations and this research solves two such problems. Order fulfillment warehouses (F-Warehouses) are a critical component of the physical internet behind online retail supply chains. Two key distinguishing features of an F-Warehouse are (i) Explosive Storage Policy – A unique item can be stored ...


High-Speed Rail Safety Analysis Based On Dual-Weighted Complex Network, Liu Lv Dec 2020

High-Speed Rail Safety Analysis Based On Dual-Weighted Complex Network, Liu Lv

Dissertations

This study uses a complex network model to analyze the causes of accidents in high-speed railway operations. By identifying the key factors that led to high-speed railway accidents, hidden safety hazards were discovered. This will help improve the operational safety of the U.S. high-speed rail line under construction.

The analysis uses the regional high-speed railway network in Guangzhou, China as a case study, including the railway (including high-speed railway) accidents that occurred in the company's jurisdiction from 2013 to 2017. With comparative analysis between general railways and high-speed railways, the changes of high-speed railway safety factors are explored ...


Development Of Functional Materials And Devices On Flexible Platforms Using Additive Print Manufacturing Processes For Biomedical And Environmental Applications, Dinesh Maddipatla Dec 2020

Development Of Functional Materials And Devices On Flexible Platforms Using Additive Print Manufacturing Processes For Biomedical And Environmental Applications, Dinesh Maddipatla

Dissertations

In recent years, considerable research has been vested into the development of printed electronics (PE) to explore the best ways of fabricating electronic devices on flexible platforms using additive print manufacturing processes. PE produces flexible devices that are compatible with complex geometries, foldable applications and conformal to curved surfaces, with a promising potential for large‐area device fabrication at relatively lower manufacturing costs. This dissertation focuses majorly on the design and fabrication of novel flexible functional materials and devices for biomedical and environmental applications using additive printing processes.

Initially, a simple paper-based low cost and rapid prototypable platform with oxygen ...


Atmospheric Turbulence Distortion In Video: Restoration Utilizing Sparse Analysis, Benjamin J. Sanda Dec 2020

Atmospheric Turbulence Distortion In Video: Restoration Utilizing Sparse Analysis, Benjamin J. Sanda

Dissertations

The removal of atmospheric turbulence (AT) distortion in long range imaging is one of the most challenging areas of research in imaging processing with an immediate need for solutions in several applications such as in military and transportation systems. AT exacerbates distortion due to non-linear geometric blur and scintillations in long-distance images and videos, severely reducing image quality and information interpretation. AT negatively impacts both human and computer vision systems, compromising visibility essential for accurate object identification and tracking.

In this dissertation, a novel sparse analysis framework is developed to address efficient AT blur and scintillation removal in video. Operating ...


Stacked Convolutional Recurrent Auto-Encoder For Noise Reduction In Eeg, Eoghan Keegan Sep 2020

Stacked Convolutional Recurrent Auto-Encoder For Noise Reduction In Eeg, Eoghan Keegan

Dissertations

Electroencephalogram (EEG) can be used to record electrical potentials in the brain by attaching electrodes to the scalp. However, these low amplitude recordings are susceptible to noise which originates from several sources including ocular, pulse and muscle artefacts. Their presence has a severe impact on analysis and diagnoses of brain abnormalities. This research assessed the effectiveness of a stacked convolutional-recurrent auto-encoder (CR-AE) for noise reduction of EEG signal. Performance was evaluated using the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) in comparison to principal component analysis (PCA), independent component analysis (ICA) and a simple auto-encoder (AE). The Harrell-Davis quantile ...


Discover Influential Mental Workload Attributes Impacting Learners Performance In Third-Level Education, Amisha Mehta Sep 2020

Discover Influential Mental Workload Attributes Impacting Learners Performance In Third-Level Education, Amisha Mehta

Dissertations

Human Mental Workload is an intervening variable and a fundamental concept in the discipline of Ergonomics. It is deduced from variations in performance. High or low mental workload leads to hampering of performance. Mental workload in an educational setting has been extensively researched. It is applied in instructional design but it is obscure as to which factors are majorly driving mental workload in learners. This dissertation investigates the importance of the features used in the the NASA-Task Load Index mental workload assessment instrument and their impact on the performance of learners as assessed by multiple-choice tests conducted in classrooms of ...


Changing The Focus: Worker-Centric Optimization In Human-In-The-Loop Computations, Mohammadreza Esfandiari Aug 2020

Changing The Focus: Worker-Centric Optimization In Human-In-The-Loop Computations, Mohammadreza Esfandiari

Dissertations

A myriad of emerging applications from simple to complex ones involve human cognizance in the computation loop. Using the wisdom of human workers, researchers have solved a variety of problems, termed as “micro-tasks” such as, captcha recognition, sentiment analysis, image categorization, query processing, as well as “complex tasks” that are often collaborative, such as, classifying craters on planetary surfaces, discovering new galaxies (Galaxyzoo), performing text translation. The current view of “humans-in-the-loop” tends to see humans as machines, robots, or low-level agents used or exploited in the service of broader computation goals. This dissertation is developed to shift the focus back ...


Resonant Triad Interactions In One And Two-Layer Systems, Malik Chabane Aug 2020

Resonant Triad Interactions In One And Two-Layer Systems, Malik Chabane

Dissertations

This dissertation is a study of the weakly nonlinear resonant interactions of a triad of gravity-capillary waves in systems of one and two fluid layers of arbitrary depth, in one and two-dimentions. For one-layer systems, resonant triad interactions of gravity-capillary waves are considered and a region where resonant triads can be always found is identified, in the two-dimensional wavevector angles-space. Then a description of the variations of resonant wavenumbers and wave frequencies over the resonance region is given. The amplitude equations correct to second order in wave slope are used to investigate special resonant triads that, providing their initial amplitude ...


Live Media Production: Multicast Optimization And Visibility For Clos Fabric In Media Data Centers, Ammar Latif Aug 2020

Live Media Production: Multicast Optimization And Visibility For Clos Fabric In Media Data Centers, Ammar Latif

Dissertations

Media production data centers are undergoing a major architectural shift to introduce digitization concepts to media creation and media processing workflows. Content companies such as NBC Universal, CBS/Viacom and Disney are modernizing their workflows to take advantage of the flexibility of IP and virtualization.

In these new environments, multicast is utilized to provide point-to-multi-point communications. In order to build point-to-multi-point trees, Multicast has an established set of control protocols such as IGMP and PIM. The existing multicast protocols do not optimize multicast tree formation for maximizing network throughput which lead to decreased fabric utilization and decreased total number of ...


A Comprehensive And Absolute Corporate Sustainability Assessment And Enhanced Input Output Life Cycle Assessment, Joseph M. Wright Aug 2020

A Comprehensive And Absolute Corporate Sustainability Assessment And Enhanced Input Output Life Cycle Assessment, Joseph M. Wright

Dissertations

Stresses due to economic activity are threatening to exceed environmental and societal limits with the potential to jeopardize local communities and create global crises. This research proposes new methodologies and analytic techniques to comprehensively assess corporate sustainability and enhance the efficiency of estimating environmental and social impacts with Input Output Life Cycle Assessment (IOLCA).

Sustainability assessments and management require consideration of both social and environmental impacts as outflows of economic activity. There are a number of assessment tools available to gain insight into environmental and social impacts; but in most cases, these approaches lack essential components for a comprehensive and ...


Development And Evaluation Of Low Cost 2-D Lidar Based Traffic Data Collection Methods, Ravi Jagirdar Aug 2020

Development And Evaluation Of Low Cost 2-D Lidar Based Traffic Data Collection Methods, Ravi Jagirdar

Dissertations

Traffic data collection is one of the essential components of a transportation planning exercise. Granular traffic data such as volume count, vehicle classification, speed measurement, and occupancy, allows managing transportation systems more effectively. For effective traffic operation and management, authorities require deploying many sensors across the network. Moreover, the ascending efforts to achieve smart transportation aspects put immense pressure on planning authorities to deploy more sensors to cover an extensive network. This research focuses on the development and evaluation of inexpensive data collection methodology by using two-dimensional (2-D) Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) technology. LiDAR is adopted since it is ...


Hybrid Deep Neural Networks For Mining Heterogeneous Data, Xiurui Hou Aug 2020

Hybrid Deep Neural Networks For Mining Heterogeneous Data, Xiurui Hou

Dissertations

In the era of big data, the rapidly growing flood of data represents an immense opportunity. New computational methods are desired to fully leverage the potential that exists within massive structured and unstructured data. However, decision-makers are often confronted with multiple diverse heterogeneous data sources. The heterogeneity includes different data types, different granularities, and different dimensions, posing a fundamental challenge in many applications. This dissertation focuses on designing hybrid deep neural networks for modeling various kinds of data heterogeneity.

The first part of this dissertation concerns modeling diverse data types, the first kind of data heterogeneity. Specifically, image data and ...


Energy And Performance-Optimized Scheduling Of Tasks In Distributed Cloud And Edge Computing Systems, Haitao Yuan Aug 2020

Energy And Performance-Optimized Scheduling Of Tasks In Distributed Cloud And Edge Computing Systems, Haitao Yuan

Dissertations

Infrastructure resources in distributed cloud data centers (CDCs) are shared by heterogeneous applications in a high-performance and cost-effective way. Edge computing has emerged as a new paradigm to provide access to computing capacities in end devices. Yet it suffers from such problems as load imbalance, long scheduling time, and limited power of its edge nodes. Therefore, intelligent task scheduling in CDCs and edge nodes is critically important to construct energy-efficient cloud and edge computing systems. Current approaches cannot smartly minimize the total cost of CDCs, maximize their profit and improve quality of service (QoS) of tasks because of aperiodic arrival ...


Studies Of Two-Phase Flow With Soluble Surfactant, Ryan Peter Atwater Aug 2020

Studies Of Two-Phase Flow With Soluble Surfactant, Ryan Peter Atwater

Dissertations

Numerical methods are developed for accurate solution of two-phase flow in the zero Reynolds number limit of Stokes flow, when surfactant is present on a drop interface and in its bulk phase interior. The methods are designed to achieve high accuracy when the bulk Péclet number is large, or equivalently when the bulk phase surfactant has small diffusivity

In the limit of infinite bulk Péclet number the advection-diffusion equation that governs evolution of surfactant concentration in the bulk is singularly perturbed, indicating a separation of spatial scales. A hybrid numerical method based on a leading order asymptotic reduction in this ...


Application Of Artificial Intelligence And Geographic Information System For Developing Automated Walkability Score, Md Mehedi Hasan Aug 2020

Application Of Artificial Intelligence And Geographic Information System For Developing Automated Walkability Score, Md Mehedi Hasan

Dissertations

Walking is considered as one of the major modes of active transportation, which contributes to the livability of cities. It is highly important to ensure walk friendly sidewalks to promote human physical activities along roads. Over the last two decades, different walk scores were estimated in respect to walkability measures by applying different methods and approaches. However, in the era of big data and machine learning revolution, there is still a gap to measure the composite walkability score in an automated way by applying and quantifying the activityfriendliness of walkable streets. In this study, a street-level automated walkability score was ...


Software Quality Control Through Formal Method, Jialiang Chang Aug 2020

Software Quality Control Through Formal Method, Jialiang Chang

Dissertations

With the improvement of theories in the software industry, software quality is becoming the most significant part of the procedure of software development. Due to the implicit and explicit vulnerabilities inside the software, software quality control has caught more researchers and engineers’ attention and interest.

Current research on software quality control and verification are involving various manual and automated testing methods, which can be categorized into static analysis and dynamic analysis. However, both of them have their own disadvantages. With static analysis methods, inputs will not be taken into consideration because the software system isn’t executed so we do ...


A Framework For Using Fused Image Data In Statistical Process Control, Shengfeng Chen Aug 2020

A Framework For Using Fused Image Data In Statistical Process Control, Shengfeng Chen

Dissertations

The use of image data in manufacturing quality control systems has grown rapidly over the years. Technological advancements in imaging devices (e.g., digital cameras, x-ray scanners, infrared cameras) have provided convenient and cost-effective ways to obtain images. These images contain important quality features (e.g., textures and product dimensions) that can be used to monitor, diagnose, predict, and control manufacturing processes. A key tool for monitoring images is statistical process control charts. Integrating images of parts to detect process shifts can significantly improve a quality systems efficiency. Unfortunately, appropriate techniques that take full advantage of data-rich images for control ...


Wind Uplifting Performance Of Roof-To-Wall Connections And Roof Structures With Elastomeric Adhesives In Light-Frame Wood Buildings, Bilal M. Alhawamdeh Aug 2020

Wind Uplifting Performance Of Roof-To-Wall Connections And Roof Structures With Elastomeric Adhesives In Light-Frame Wood Buildings, Bilal M. Alhawamdeh

Dissertations

Light-frame wood residential buildings are highly susceptible to damage caused by severe wind events such as hurricanes and tornados. Roof failures in residential buildings are commonly observed due to weaknesses of or missing connections. Roof-to-wall connections not only have significant influences on roof performance but also affect building resistance due to their critical role of transferring wind loads to the wall system and ultimately to the foundation. Roof fails when it has no sufficient wind uplift resistance due to improper selection or installation of construction materials (including fasteners) and strength degradation due to aging or long service. Toenailing is commonly ...


Identification Of Neurobiological Mechanisms Associated With Attention Deficits In Adults Post Traumatic Brain Injury, Ziyan Wu May 2020

Identification Of Neurobiological Mechanisms Associated With Attention Deficits In Adults Post Traumatic Brain Injury, Ziyan Wu

Dissertations

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is one of the major public health concerns with approximately 70 million new cases occurring worldwide per year. It is often caused by a forceful bump, blow, or jolt to the head, resulting in brain tissue damage and normal brain functions disruption. All grades of TBI, ranging from mild to severe, can cause wide-ranging and long-term effects on affected individuals, resulting in physical impairments, and neurocognitive consequences that permanently affect their abilities to perform daily activities. Attention deficits are the most common persisting neurocognitive consequences following TBI, which significantly contribute to poor academic and social functioning ...