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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Using An Integrative Machine Learning Approach To Study Microrna Regulation Networks In Pancreatic Cancer Progression, Roland Madadjim May 2021

Using An Integrative Machine Learning Approach To Study Microrna Regulation Networks In Pancreatic Cancer Progression, Roland Madadjim

Computer Science and Engineering: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

With advances in genomic discovery tools, recent biomedical research has produced a massive amount of genomic data on post-transcriptional regulations related to various transcript factors, microRNAs, lncRNAs, epigenetic modifications, and genetic variations. In this direction, the field of gene regulation network inference is created and aims to understand the interactome regulations between these molecules (e.g., gene-gene, miRNA-gene) that take place to build models able to capture behavioral changes in biological systems. A question of interest arises in integrating such molecules to build a network while treating each specie in its uniqueness. Given the dynamic changes of interactome in chaotic ...


Prediction Of Stocks And Stock Price Using Artificial Intelligence : A Bibliometric Study Using Scopus Database, Priyanka Tupe-Waghmare, Priyanka Tupe-Waghmare May 2021

Prediction Of Stocks And Stock Price Using Artificial Intelligence : A Bibliometric Study Using Scopus Database, Priyanka Tupe-Waghmare, Priyanka Tupe-Waghmare

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Prediction of stocks and the prices of the stock is one of the most crucial points of discussion amongst the researchers and analysts in the financial domain to date. Every stakeholder and most importantly the investor desires to earn higher profit for his investment in the market and try to use several different strategies to invest their money. There are numerous methods to predict and analyse the movement of the stock prices. They are broadly divided into – statistical and artificial intelligence-based methods. Artificial intelligence is used to predict the futuristic prices of stocks and use wide range of algorithms like ...


Exploration Of The Sludge Biodiesel Pathway, Zachary Christman May 2021

Exploration Of The Sludge Biodiesel Pathway, Zachary Christman

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

Wastewater sludge is an overlooked source of fat, oil, and grease (FOG) that could be converted into biodiesel. The United States produces about 8 million tons of sludge per year. The disposal cost for this amount of sludge is about 2 billion dollars. The widespread availability and low cost of sludge compared to other biodiesel raw materials make it an economical choice for a renewable fuel. Using sludge as a raw material can produce 25 to 30 mg per gram of fatty acid methyl ester (FAME); the main component of biodiesel. Sludge biodiesel has the potential of transforming a portion ...


Device Development For Long-Term Systemic Oral Biologic Drug Delivery, Benjamin Wankum May 2021

Device Development For Long-Term Systemic Oral Biologic Drug Delivery, Benjamin Wankum

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

A biologic drug is a drug that is produced by a living organism. Biologic drugs are used to treat various medical conditions such as arthritis, diabetes, or certain forms of cancers due to their high potency and high selectivity of action. Drawbacks of biologics include their poor stability in the gastrointestinal tract and their poor absorption. In effect, this gives the drugs very low bioavailability and short therapeutic half-lives. To combat these obstacles, current delivery methods include subcutaneous injections at home or intravenous or intramuscular injections in a medical facility.

The overall scientific goal of the research was to utilize ...


Teachability And Interpretability In Reinforcement Learning, Jeevan Rajagopal May 2021

Teachability And Interpretability In Reinforcement Learning, Jeevan Rajagopal

Computer Science and Engineering: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

There have been many recent advancements in the field of reinforcement learning, starting from the Deep Q Network playing various Atari 2600 games all the way to Google Deempind's Alphastar playing competitively in the game StarCraft. However, as the field challenges more complex environments, the current methods of training models and understanding their decision making become less effective. Currently, the problem is partially dealt with by simply adding more resources, but the need for a better solution remains.

This thesis proposes a reinforcement learning framework where a teacher or entity with domain knowledge of the task to complete can ...


Development Of An Intraperitoneal Catheter Placement Device For Use On The Battlefield, Riley Reynolds May 2021

Development Of An Intraperitoneal Catheter Placement Device For Use On The Battlefield, Riley Reynolds

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

The objective of this project was to simplify peritoneal cavity access so an Airforce field medic can safely infuse oxygen microbubbles (OMBs) into the intraperitoneal space for the emergency treatment of hypoxia due to lung damage. To solve this problem, we created an intraperitoneal catheter placement device for use on the battlefield. The three common methods and some of the most common devices for peritoneal cavity access were reviewed. Injury frequencies for each of the three methods were analyzed. The results showed that each of the access techniques gives a similar rate of iatrogenic injury.

The battlefield conditions where the ...


Environmental Impacts Of Overdesign In Small Community Water Resource Recovery Facilities, Andrew Pham May 2021

Environmental Impacts Of Overdesign In Small Community Water Resource Recovery Facilities, Andrew Pham

Environmental Engineering Theses and Graduate Student Research

Although water resource recovery facilities (WRRFs) reduce environmental impacts related to water quality, their construction and operation result in negative environmental impacts in other categories. Past research into Nebraska WRRFs investigated variables determining energy intensity, opportunities and barriers for energy efficiency improvements, and environmental impacts of the construction and operation phase. This leads to the research question of what design practices can be considered to reduce the environmental impacts.

The Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology was used to evaluate and compare the inventory and environmental impacts of nine small WRRFs, most of which are serving slow growing or declining populations ...


Evaluation Of Flared Approach Guardrail Transitions And Mash 2270p Ram Vehicle Model Improvements, Ryan F. Bickhaus May 2021

Evaluation Of Flared Approach Guardrail Transitions And Mash 2270p Ram Vehicle Model Improvements, Ryan F. Bickhaus

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

The objective of this research study was to use computer simulation to identify the critical flare rate for flaring approach guardrail transitions (AGTs) away from the primary roadway. AGTs installed with a flared configuration result in a length of need (LON) reduction as well as an increase in the clear zone area in front of the barrier, which would reduce both installation cost and crash frequency. The research focused on the determination of the maximum allowable flare rate that could safely be utilized with 31-in. (787-mm) tall thrie-beam AGTs without concrete curbs that utilize the Midwest Guardrail System (MGS) upstream ...


A Brief Bibliometric Survey Of Explainable Ai In Medical Field, Nilkanth Mukund Deshpande, Shilpa Shailesh Gite Apr 2021

A Brief Bibliometric Survey Of Explainable Ai In Medical Field, Nilkanth Mukund Deshpande, Shilpa Shailesh Gite

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Background: This study aims to analyze the work done in the field of explainability related to artificial intelligence, especially in the medical field from 2004 onwards using the bibliometric methods.

Methods: different articles based on the topic leukemia detection were retrieved using one of the most popular database- Scopus. The articles are considered from 2004 onwards. Scopus analyzer is used for different types of analysis including documents by year, source, county and so on. There are other different analysis tools such as VOSviewer Version 1.6.15. This is used for the analysis of different units such as co-authorship, co-occurrences ...


Quantitative Analysis Of Research On Artificial Intelligence In Retinopathy Of Prematurity, Ranjana Agrawal, Manasi Anup Agrawal, Sucheta Kulkarni, Ketan Kotecha, Rahee Walambe Apr 2021

Quantitative Analysis Of Research On Artificial Intelligence In Retinopathy Of Prematurity, Ranjana Agrawal, Manasi Anup Agrawal, Sucheta Kulkarni, Ketan Kotecha, Rahee Walambe

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) is a disease of the eye and a potential source of blindness in low birth weight preterm infants. It is preventable if diagnosed and treated on time. Artificial Intelligence (AI) has played an important role in developing automated screening systems to assist medical experts. There are many traditional literature review articles available that focus on the scientific content of ROP-AI. The researchers also require a bibliometric analysis to become acquainted with the competing groups and new trends in this field. This paper gives a brief overview of ROP and AI systems for ROP screening with a ...


Preclinical Development Of Single Walled Carbon Nanotube-Based Optical Biosensors, Eric M. Hofferber Apr 2021

Preclinical Development Of Single Walled Carbon Nanotube-Based Optical Biosensors, Eric M. Hofferber

Biological Systems Engineering--Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

High resolution, long-term monitoring of key biological analytes would improve patient outcomes by providing earlier detection of disease states and improved efficacy of treatment. One class of biosensors that have gained much attention in recent years are optical biosensors. Optical probes are attractive biosensors due to their noninvasive nature of detection, as certain light can pass through tissue, water, and blood. Single walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT) are a specific type of optical biosensor that fluoresce in the near infrared range of the electromagnetic spectrum and offer unparalleled spatial and temporal resolution. SWNT have been applied as biosensors in vitro, ex ...


Growth And Characterization Of Molecular Ferroelectric Thin Films, Yifan Yuan Apr 2021

Growth And Characterization Of Molecular Ferroelectric Thin Films, Yifan Yuan

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Compared with inorganic ferroelectrics, organic ferroelectrics have advantages of low cost and low toxicity, are in increasing demand in capacitors, piezoelectric, and memory devices to reduce the environmental load. This work focuses on two types of organic molecular ferroelectric materials, croconic acid (CA) and 2-methylbenzimidazole (MBI). The work here introduces several origins of ferroelectricity in typical organics and their switching mechanism. We then investigated the nucleation, growth, and ferroelectric measurements of CA thin films. We explored the effect of substrate temperature and an external electric field on the nucleation and growth processes. The results can be used to improve the ...


A Methodology For Estimating Capacity And Passenger Car Equivalents For Connected And Automated Vehicles Traveling On Freeways, Antonio Hurtado Beltran Apr 2021

A Methodology For Estimating Capacity And Passenger Car Equivalents For Connected And Automated Vehicles Traveling On Freeways, Antonio Hurtado Beltran

Civil and Environmental Engineering Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Recently, there has been a significant amount of research related to heavy trucks operating as connected and autonomous vehicles (CAVs). In order to understand the potential impact on the freeway system of CAV technologies, analyses should be conducted using the standard US methodological framework. In the current version of the Highway Capacity Manual (HCM-6), equal-capacity passenger car equivalencies (EC-PCEs) are used to account for the effect of heavy trucks on capacity and quality of service analyses. It is argued in this dissertation the HCM-6 EC-PCE methodology for basic freeway and multilane highway segments can be used to explore a wide ...


Evaluating Evapotranspiration Values In Rwanda Using The Fao-56 Pm, Turc, And Hargreaves-Samani Equations, Elizabeth Uwase Apr 2021

Evaluating Evapotranspiration Values In Rwanda Using The Fao-56 Pm, Turc, And Hargreaves-Samani Equations, Elizabeth Uwase

Biological Systems Engineering--Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Evapotranspiration (ET) is an important component of the hydrologic cycle and involves exchange of water between the surrounding water bodies, soil, crop surfaces, and the atmosphere. Therefore, this research was aimed at determining ET and its trend across Rwanda using climatic data measured at five sites. Equations were used to calculate ET using extra-terrestrial radiations, solar radiations, evapotranspiration using the FAO-56 guidelines - Turc method (1961) and Hargreaves-Samani (HS) method (1983). The obtained data from the weather stations were analyzed using the two methods and graphs were plotted for visualization. The average monthly reference evapotranspiration for both equations ranges from 3 ...


Evaluation Of Permanent Concrete Barriers To Mash 2016, Samuel Elias Hovde Apr 2021

Evaluation Of Permanent Concrete Barriers To Mash 2016, Samuel Elias Hovde

Civil and Environmental Engineering Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

The objective of this research project was to develop evaluation criteria for permanent concrete barriers to MASH 2016 TL-3 and TL-4 without crash testing and then to evaluate permanent concrete barrier standards provided by the sponsoring agencies of the Midwest Pooled Fund Program. A literature review was conducted to determine evaluation criteria for stability, shape, strength, and anchorage, and a database of permanent concrete barrier crash tests was compiled. A survey was conducted to collect barrier standards from the members of the Midwest Pooled Fund Program, and barriers were selected and evaluated according to the determined methodology. A total of ...


The Importance Of Managerial Positions In The Agile Development Process, Adam Gray Apr 2021

The Importance Of Managerial Positions In The Agile Development Process, Adam Gray

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

In software engineering, the Agile development process is becoming one of the most effective methods to handle the issues of continuous change and fast development. However, there are still some perceived issues that many Agile developers face, and a lot of these issues can seemingly stem from their managers. For example, it may seem like the manager is not always up-to-date on the various aspects of the project, or that they have closed off their mind to new ideas. In this paper, we include an in-depth analysis of the various managerial positions that can be found in the Agile development ...


Effective Gamification Within Educational Virtual Reality Environments, Adrian Pilkington Apr 2021

Effective Gamification Within Educational Virtual Reality Environments, Adrian Pilkington

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

With the advent and now widespread use of mobile phones and computers in educational settings, exploring effective and new ways of using technology in the classroom is important for educating the next generation of students. Innovative technology, like Virtual Reality, has started being discussed and researched for its potential benefits in educational settings. This paper presents a brief history of VR, game theory, and examines two VR educational games from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln College of Nursing’s (UNMC) Senior Design teams. The two games will be used to replace lecture-style classes and to go out and educate the community ...


Discourse On Digital Government And Regulation: A Bibliometric Analysis, Prakoso Bhairawa Putera, Amelya Gustina Apr 2021

Discourse On Digital Government And Regulation: A Bibliometric Analysis, Prakoso Bhairawa Putera, Amelya Gustina

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This study aims to discuss digital government and regulation, analyzed through the bibliometric approach with the Scopus database for the last 20 years and visualized through the VOSviewer software version 1.6.16. The results indicate that the topic of e-government has become essentially prominent and has been the most discussed in the past two decades. Approximately 41.1% of digital government and regulation articles are classified under the subject area of 'Computer Science', continued by Social Sciences (18.3%), and Business, Management and Accounting (10.2%), with the majority of being 'All Open Access' (46%). The trend of publication ...


Impact Of Particle Surface Charge Heterogeneity On Deposition Onto Flat Surfaces And Transport In Porous Media, Thompson Delon Apr 2021

Impact Of Particle Surface Charge Heterogeneity On Deposition Onto Flat Surfaces And Transport In Porous Media, Thompson Delon

Civil and Environmental Engineering Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Biological and non-biological natural colloids are anisotropic and ubiquitously exist in groundwater. Previously in colloid transport modelling, colloids are assumed to be homogenous for simplification, whether in shape or surface charge. More research has been done to incorporate surface heterogeneity in the transport experiment, i.e., surface charge heterogeneity on collector in column experiment. However, few studies have been done on surface heterogeneity on colloids themselves.

In this dissertation, Janus particles with different surface charge was developed to model surface heterogeneity on colloids. The interaction energy between Janus particle and flat surfaces was analyzed through DLVO simulation. It was discovered ...


Facilitating The Industrial Sector's Adoption Of Collaborative Project Delivery Methods, Xavier Wood-Aliberch Apr 2021

Facilitating The Industrial Sector's Adoption Of Collaborative Project Delivery Methods, Xavier Wood-Aliberch

Architectural Engineering -- Dissertations and Student Research

In an effort to improve outcomes in the civil and healthcare sectors, clients have adopted collaborative project delivery methods for the delivery of their capital projects. The success stories in these sectors have gathered the attention of clients in the industrial sector, where cost and schedule overruns have become the norm. The central objective of this thesis is to help clients make the transition to this new type of project delivery.

This thesis was written in a three-paper format, where each paper addresses a challenge with the adoption of collaborative delivery methods. The first paper investigates what type of industrial ...


In-Service Performance Evaluation And Installation Recommendations For Cable Median Barriers On Non-Continuously Shielded, Divided-Median Kansas Freeways, Nathan Dowler Apr 2021

In-Service Performance Evaluation And Installation Recommendations For Cable Median Barriers On Non-Continuously Shielded, Divided-Median Kansas Freeways, Nathan Dowler

Mechanical (and Materials) Engineering -- Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

The Kansas Department of Transportation (KDOT) installed 7.95 miles of cable median barrier (CMB) along K-10, K-96, and US-75 freeways in 2011 and 2012. In January 2020, KDOT funded a study to determine the in-service performance of its CMBs. In addition, KDOT sought to determine if it was cost-effective to modify guidelines for installing median barriers, which were based on annual daily traffic and median width.

Researchers reviewed every crash within approximately ¼ mile of a CMB installation and extracted crashes which involved a CMB impact. Researchers analyzed the critical details of each CMB crash, with particular emphasis on ...


Learning Discriminative And Efficient Attention For Person Re-Identification Using Agglomerative Clustering Frameworks, Kshitij Nikhal Apr 2021

Learning Discriminative And Efficient Attention For Person Re-Identification Using Agglomerative Clustering Frameworks, Kshitij Nikhal

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

Recent advancements like multiple contextual analysis, attention mechanisms, distance-aware optimization, and multi-task guidance have been widely used for supervised person re-identification (ReID), but the implementation and effects of such methods in unsupervised person ReID frameworks are non-trivial and unclear, respectively. Moreover, with increasing size and complexity of image- and video-based ReID datasets, manual or semi-automated annotation procedures for supervised ReID are becoming labor intensive and cost prohibitive, which is undesirable especially considering the likelihood of annotation errors increase with scale/complexity of data collections. Therefore, this thesis proposes a new iterative clustering framework that incorporates (a) two attention architectures that ...


The Integral Of Education Technology In The Society, Prof. Iwasan D. Kejawa Ed.D Apr 2021

The Integral Of Education Technology In The Society, Prof. Iwasan D. Kejawa Ed.D

CSE Journal Articles

Abstract

Are there ways people can better utilize technology to suit their needs in the society of ours? It has been inferred that without technology, our lives would be miserable. The societal factors of using technology are an important area of the technical education system in the world. Are we really learning and using technologies to our advantage? Does technology provide the necessary ingredients or proper ways for the education of all in the society? A look into what constitutes the means and how technology education can be improved and be implemented is explored and emphasized in this work. The ...


Bibliometric Survey On Reuse Of Treated Wastewater For Agriculture, Sagar Kolekar Prof., Rahul Raghvendra Joshi Prof., Kalyani Dhananjay Kadam Prof., Kanchan Khare Dr., Pennan Chinnasamy Dr. Mar 2021

Bibliometric Survey On Reuse Of Treated Wastewater For Agriculture, Sagar Kolekar Prof., Rahul Raghvendra Joshi Prof., Kalyani Dhananjay Kadam Prof., Kanchan Khare Dr., Pennan Chinnasamy Dr.

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The water is important for life after air but there is water shortage problem worldwide. The untreated wastewater pollutes fresh water resources. The reuse of treated wastewater for crop irrigation will reduce stress on freshwater and also provides nutrients. Wastewater had been reused for many generations, it was first discovered in 1973 and in continuation there onwards till today. The treated-wastewater reuse for irrigation of crops will reduce stress on freshwater and also provides nutrients. The main objective of this bibliometric study is analyze the research work done in the past in relation to wastewater treatment and its reuse. This ...


Advanced Concrete Composites For Improved Performance: A Bibliometric Survey, Dhruv Patel, Aryan Tiwari, Nishnat Nikhare, Rohit Shinde, Ashutosh Dubey, Manan Shah, Shalaka Hire, Sayali Sandbhor Mar 2021

Advanced Concrete Composites For Improved Performance: A Bibliometric Survey, Dhruv Patel, Aryan Tiwari, Nishnat Nikhare, Rohit Shinde, Ashutosh Dubey, Manan Shah, Shalaka Hire, Sayali Sandbhor

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Concrete is the core component of any civil engineering construction. Conventional concrete can be modified depending upon the needs and requirements of the construction. Such concrete is called advanced concrete and this report aims to study advanced concrete and its composites. The main objective of this report is to perform a bibliographic survey on the latest research literature available under the domain of advanced concrete composites for improved performance. Timespan considered for the survey is from the year 2015 to 2020. The bibliographic survey consists of literature from online platforms such as the Web of Science (WoS) and Scopus database ...


Application Of The Cluster Classification Data Mining Method To Child Illiteracy In Indonesia, Muhammad Arifin, Gita Widi Bhawika, M.A. Muazar Habibi, Winci Firdaus, Danu Eko Agustinova, Robbi Rahim Mar 2021

Application Of The Cluster Classification Data Mining Method To Child Illiteracy In Indonesia, Muhammad Arifin, Gita Widi Bhawika, M.A. Muazar Habibi, Winci Firdaus, Danu Eko Agustinova, Robbi Rahim

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The objective of this study is to cluster and classify data using a combination of the k-means and C4.5 methods. The process involves clustering and subsequent classification. The classification process uses k-folds = 10 and samples = stratified sampling. In this study, analphabets in Indonesia of a minimum age of 15 years (15+) were evaluated. The data are the percentage of analogs between 2017 and 2019. The dataset was obtained from https://www.bps.go.id and is accessible at https://osf.io/crwug. In this study, the Davies Bouldin index (DBI) was used to determine the number of clusters with ...


Bibliometric Survey For Stock Market Prediction Using Sentimental Analysis And Lstm, Pooja Bagane, Nimit Mehta Mr, Parth Kakde Mr, Nisarg Bramhbhatt Mr, Ishansh Sahni Mr, Sirbi Kotrappa Dr Mar 2021

Bibliometric Survey For Stock Market Prediction Using Sentimental Analysis And Lstm, Pooja Bagane, Nimit Mehta Mr, Parth Kakde Mr, Nisarg Bramhbhatt Mr, Ishansh Sahni Mr, Sirbi Kotrappa Dr

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Creating an overview of the flow fundamentals of the global market trading and sublimation of equities into a superimposed system of economic agendas. Furthermore this leads to dynamic overlapping with the current technological advancements to create a platform for information exchange and inculcations. This created a new field of access points where we could enhance and analyse the data available and create an interface to predict the rise and fall trends involved with the stock market. These help create a sense of control and format over the public personification over the economic impacts and use social media and involve discrete ...


Households Electricity Consumption Analysis: A Bibliometric Approach, Gaikwad Sachin Ramnath, Harikrishnan R Mar 2021

Households Electricity Consumption Analysis: A Bibliometric Approach, Gaikwad Sachin Ramnath, Harikrishnan R

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The household electricity consumption ranks in the second position after the industrial electricity consumption, across the globe. This is because of the factors, which include, higher consumer income, electrification, digitalization and advancement in technologies. Moreover, the electricity demand is also depending on household characteristics, non-household characteristics and occupant’s behavior. The aim behind this study is to provide insights to researchers on household electricity consumption areas with different aspects, which includes factors affecting them, need of data collection, its approaches and techniques. To know about the research dedicated to the above-mentioned aspects, it is crucial to explore the Scopus database ...


Bibliometric Analysis Of Particle Swarm Optimization Techniques Used To Enhance Low-Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy Protocol For Wireless Sensor Networks, Anupkumar M. Bongale Dr. Mar 2021

Bibliometric Analysis Of Particle Swarm Optimization Techniques Used To Enhance Low-Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy Protocol For Wireless Sensor Networks, Anupkumar M. Bongale Dr.

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is a network of tiny wireless sensor nodes. The sensor nodes sense information and transmit the sensed information to a data collection point known as Base Station. WSNs have gained massive popularity due to their incredible benefits, and active research is ongoing for the past two decades. The primary concern with WSN is that the sensor operates on a limited power supply. Due to the nature of applications of WSNs and the hostile environment where the sensors are deployed, providing unlimited power or energy supply is not an option. Hence, the research work mainly focuses on ...


Unconventional Agriculture: An Exploration Of Hydroponics And Aquaponics And Their Role As A Solution To Food Scarcity, Kai Meacham Mar 2021

Unconventional Agriculture: An Exploration Of Hydroponics And Aquaponics And Their Role As A Solution To Food Scarcity, Kai Meacham

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Unconventional agriculture includes methods of farming that are defined by unique farming practices and a focus on sustainability. Unconventional agriculture can take many forms, including hydroponic systems and aquaponic systems. These two systems are unique in the sense that they are soilless methods of growing plants. Both of these systems require careful monitoring because they do not have soil to act as a buffer and help maintain normal levels. Though these two systems are very similar they have some key differences in how they function, which ultimately leads to differing advantages and disadvantages of both systems. Additionally, these systems have ...