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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Download Bmp Trains 2020 Newest Version 4.3.2, Martin Wanielista Apr 2021

Download Bmp Trains 2020 Newest Version 4.3.2, Martin Wanielista

BMP Trains

This is version 4.3.2 BMP Trains 2020. It is a computer program used to assess the average annual removal effectiveness of nutrients. It is based on research from the State of Florida and uses design criteria in the State. It is accepted by regulatory agencies in the State. It was posted for use stating on April 30, 2021.

This version allows for greater flexibility in media selection. Noted is the choice of treatment rate to calculated service life. Treatment rate is usually decreased by 2 to incorporate a factor of safety. It also increases the reporting decimal places ...


Human-Machine Communication: Complete Volume. Volume 2 Apr 2021

Human-Machine Communication: Complete Volume. Volume 2

Human-Machine Communication

This is the complete volume of HMC Volume 2.


Social Robots As The Bride? Understanding The Construction Of Gender In A Japanese Social Robot Product, Jindong Liu Apr 2021

Social Robots As The Bride? Understanding The Construction Of Gender In A Japanese Social Robot Product, Jindong Liu

Human-Machine Communication

This study critically investigates the construction of gender on a Japanese hologram animestyle social robot Azuma Hikari. By applying a mixed method merging the visual semiotic method and heterogeneous engineering approach in software studies, the signs in Azuma Hikari’s anthropomorphized image and the interactivity enabled by the multimedia interface have been analyzed and discussed. The analysis revealed a stereotyped representation of a Japanese “ideal bride” who should be cute, sexy, comforting, good at housework, and subordinated to “Master”-like husband. Moreover, the device interface disciplines users to play the role of “wage earner” in the simulated marriage and reconstructs ...


Forms And Frames: Mind, Morality, And Trust In Robots Across Prototypical Interactions, Jaime Banks, Kevin Koban, Philippe De V. Chauveau Apr 2021

Forms And Frames: Mind, Morality, And Trust In Robots Across Prototypical Interactions, Jaime Banks, Kevin Koban, Philippe De V. Chauveau

Human-Machine Communication

People often engage human-interaction schemas in human-robot interactions, so notions of prototypicality are useful in examining how interactions’ formal features shape perceptions of social robots. We argue for a typology of three higher-order interaction forms (social, task, play) comprising identifiable-but-variable patterns in agents, content, structures, outcomes, context, norms. From that ground, we examined whether participants’ judgments about a social robot (mind, morality, and trust perceptions) differed across prototypical interactions. Findings indicate interaction forms somewhat influence trust but not mind or morality evaluations. However, how participants perceived interactions (independent of form) were more impactful. In particular, perceived task interactions fostered functional ...


Moving Ahead With Human-Machine Communication, Leopoldina Fortunati, Autumn P. Edwards Apr 2021

Moving Ahead With Human-Machine Communication, Leopoldina Fortunati, Autumn P. Edwards

Human-Machine Communication

In this essay, we introduce the 10 articles comprising Volume 2 (2021) of Human-Machine Communication, each of which is innovative and offers a substantial contribution to the field of human-machine communication (HMC). As a collection, these articles move forward the HMC project by touching on four layers of important discourse: (1) updates to theoretical frameworks and paradigms, including Computers as Social Actors (CASA), (2) examination of ontology and prototyping processes, (3) critical analysis of gender and ability/disability relations, and (4) extension of HMC scholarship into organizational contexts. Building upon the insights offered by the contributing authors and incorporating perspectives ...


Assessing Change In Runoff Water Parameters Through Road Shoulder Vegetated Filter Strips: Experimental Comparison Of Soils And Engineered Infiltration Media, Andrew Corrado, Mohammad Shokri Mar 2021

Assessing Change In Runoff Water Parameters Through Road Shoulder Vegetated Filter Strips: Experimental Comparison Of Soils And Engineered Infiltration Media, Andrew Corrado, Mohammad Shokri

The Pegasus Review: UCF Undergraduate Research Journal

Placement of Vegetated Filter Strips (VFS) along roadways may facilitate removal of nutrients from stormwater runoff. The objective of this research is to compare water quality performance of a VFS containing engineered media to that of typical Florida sandy soil. Storms of variable intensity were simulated over two 1:1 scale physical models of typical one- and two-lane roadway shoulders, one with engineered media (treatment), and one without (control). Simulated roadway runoff was introduced as sheet flow from the roadway and precipitation was applied with a rainfall simulator. Samples of runoff and infiltrate were tested for Dissolved Oxygen (DO) concentration ...


Complete Issue, Volume 4, Issue 1 Feb 2021

Complete Issue, Volume 4, Issue 1

Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

This is the complete issue of JICRCR Volume 4, Issue 1.


How College Students Assess The Threat Of Infectious Diseases: Implications For University Leaders And Health Communicators, Yan Jin, Yen-I Lee, Brooke F. Liu, Lucinda Austin, Seoyeon Kim Feb 2021

How College Students Assess The Threat Of Infectious Diseases: Implications For University Leaders And Health Communicators, Yan Jin, Yen-I Lee, Brooke F. Liu, Lucinda Austin, Seoyeon Kim

Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

Higher education institutions and their students face a wide range of infectious disease threats (IDTs). However, there is a lack of theory-driven research on how to provide communication for multiple IDTs to motivate protective action taking. To close this gap, this study focuses on college students and two IDT types: respiratory and sexually transmitted infections. We tested an IDT appraisal model with data from an online survey conducted at two U.S. universities with 842 students. Findings indicate that IDT type led to different patterns of threat appraisal and protective action taking intentions. More specifically, participants perceived sexually transmitted threats ...


Victims As Stakeholders: Insights From The Intersection Of Psychosocial, Ethical, And Crisis Communication Paths, Wouter Jong, Kjell Brataas Feb 2021

Victims As Stakeholders: Insights From The Intersection Of Psychosocial, Ethical, And Crisis Communication Paths, Wouter Jong, Kjell Brataas

Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

This article examines the position of victims and those affected within communication theory. Current research has broadly been skewed toward reputation management and protecting brand value as primary goals of crisis communication efforts. As crises affect real people, crisis communication theory needs to be adapted to include their needs. To assure their needs are met, an integration of business ethics and psychosocial mechanisms in the field of crisis communication is proposed. This integration prevents crisis communication output from becoming an additional source of stress to the affected in the aftermath of crises. We offer recommendations for crisis communication scholarship to ...


The Conceptualization Of Risk Tolerance And Scale Development For Measuring Publics’ Tolerance Of Individual Health Risks, Hyoyeun Jun, Yan Jin Feb 2021

The Conceptualization Of Risk Tolerance And Scale Development For Measuring Publics’ Tolerance Of Individual Health Risks, Hyoyeun Jun, Yan Jin

Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

Risk tolerance, identified by scholars over two decades ago as an essential concept in risk communication, has remained understudied without clear conceptual and operational definitions. As the first study developing a multiple-item scale for measuring at-risk publics’ tolerance of different risk types, this study refines the conceptualization of risk tolerance and advances its operationalization in the setting of individual health risks. Qualitative research (in-depth interviews: n = 28; focus group: n = 30) and two survey datasets (sample 1: n = 500; sample 2: n = 500) were employed for scale development and testing. Results identify that two types of individual health risk tolerance ...


User Manual - Bmp Trains 2020 Newest Version, Martin Wanielista Jan 2021

User Manual - Bmp Trains 2020 Newest Version, Martin Wanielista

BMP Trains

This update is for version 4.3.1 completed on January 31, 2021. This is a user manual to accompany the computer program called BMP Trains 2020. The user manual provides example problems useful to understanding the program. The user manual is updated when there is a need to respond to user comments or to incorporate new research. The BMP Trains 2020 program is used to assess the average annual effectiveness of nutrient removal from combinations of stormwater BMPs. Fifteen (15) example problems are used to illustrate design options for BMPs in the State of Florida at the present time ...


Research Experience For Undergraduates During Covid-19, Mustafa Akbas Oct 2020

Research Experience For Undergraduates During Covid-19, Mustafa Akbas

Florida Statewide Symposium: Best Practices in Undergraduate Research

This presentation provides the student team interaction and mentorship experience at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University’s “National Science Foundation (NSF) Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) Site: Cybersecurity Research of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles” from the summer semester of 2020. The Site had been planned for a face-of-face research experience under several mentors for an eight-week period. However, due to Covid-19, the teams had to meet, discuss, present and work online, which was both a challenge and an opportunity. Both students and mentors had lessons from this online experience that they will remember and use in the upcoming years. In this presentation, we ...


Complete Issue, Volume 3, Issue 2 Sep 2020

Complete Issue, Volume 3, Issue 2

Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

This is the complete issue of JICRCR Volume 3, Issue 2.


Mimicking Blood Rheology For More Accurate Modeling In Benchtop Research, Lindsey Webb Aug 2020

Mimicking Blood Rheology For More Accurate Modeling In Benchtop Research, Lindsey Webb

The Pegasus Review: UCF Undergraduate Research Journal

Because blood is challenging to use as a working fluid in a laboratory setting due to health and safety concerns, a blood analogue would be useful to perform benchtop experiments. Viscosity is an important fluid property for modeling and experiments, especially because blood is a shear thinning fluid; therefore, it has a decreasing viscosity with higher shear rates. This project seeks to create a blood-mimicking fluid for benchtop laboratory use. Numerous fluids with different combinations of water, glycerin, salt, and xanthan gum (XG) were created to mimic blood viscosity at different hematocrit levels. Four additional solutions were also created from ...


Research Review On Mixed-Criticality Scheduling, Hattan Althebeiti Jul 2020

Research Review On Mixed-Criticality Scheduling, Hattan Althebeiti

Recent Advances in Real-Time Systems

No abstract provided.


The Aesthetics Of Multicoding Esolangs, Daniel J. Temkin Jul 2020

The Aesthetics Of Multicoding Esolangs, Daniel J. Temkin

Electronic Literature Organization Conference 2020

In the influential 2005 paper "A Box, Darkly," Michael Mateas and Nick Montfort introduced the idea of multicoding: when one text holds multiple meanings, depending on context. Examples include polyglots, programs that can run successfully in two different languages, as well as sentences that can be read in French or English. Esoteric programming has a history of explicit multicoding languages. The best known are Piet, whose programs are images, and commands are the change in color from one pixel to the next; Shakespeare, with code written as plays, and Chef, whose programs are recipes that work in the kitchen. While ...


Non Infinite Stories: How Digital Allow To Create Infinite Reconformations Of A Text?, David Núñez Jul 2020

Non Infinite Stories: How Digital Allow To Create Infinite Reconformations Of A Text?, David Núñez

Electronic Literature Organization Conference 2020

Last year I presented at ELO, in Ireland, the Artistic piece "Bastard" a digital fiction that combine a fragmented novel to create 10x149 differents texts and optimized in 4 billions coherent stories with narrative structures. In Orlando we want to explain how the system works, theory and functioning, and invited all the members to produce they personal "infinite" fiction.

Non Infinite Stories is an electronic publishing house that creates a dynamic hyperliterature system to give each reader a unique book by using a digital combinatorial processes, specific narrative rules and optimization of fragmented works in chapters of short narrative blocks ...


Complete Issue, Volume 3, Issue 1 Mar 2020

Complete Issue, Volume 3, Issue 1

Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research

This is the complete issue of JICRCR Volume 3, Issue 1.


Human-Machine Communication: Complete Volume. Volume 1 Feb 2020

Human-Machine Communication: Complete Volume. Volume 1

Human-Machine Communication

This is the complete volume of HMC Volume 1.


Sharing Stress With A Robot: What Would A Robot Say?, Honson Y. Ling, Elin A. Björling Feb 2020

Sharing Stress With A Robot: What Would A Robot Say?, Honson Y. Ling, Elin A. Björling

Human-Machine Communication

With the prevalence of mental health problems today, designing human-robot interaction for mental health intervention is not only possible, but critical. The current experiment examined how three types of robot disclosure (emotional, technical, and by-proxy) affect robot perception and human disclosure behavior during a stress-sharing activity. Emotional robot disclosure resulted in the lowest robot perceived safety. Post-hoc analysis revealed that increased perceived stress predicted reduced human disclosure, user satisfaction, robot likability, and future robot use. Negative attitudes toward robots also predicted reduced intention for future robot use. This work informs on the possible design of robot disclosure, as well as ...


The Robot Privacy Paradox: Understanding How Privacy Concerns Shape Intentions To Use Social Robots, Christoph Lutz, Aurelia Tamò-Larrieux Feb 2020

The Robot Privacy Paradox: Understanding How Privacy Concerns Shape Intentions To Use Social Robots, Christoph Lutz, Aurelia Tamò-Larrieux

Human-Machine Communication

Conceptual research on robots and privacy has increased but we lack empirical evidence about the prevalence, antecedents, and outcomes of different privacy concerns about social robots. To fill this gap, we present a survey, testing a variety of antecedents from trust, technology adoption, and robotics scholarship. Respondents are most concerned about data protection on the manufacturer side, followed by social privacy concerns and physical concerns. Using structural equation modeling, we find a privacy paradox, where the perceived benefits of social robots override privacy concerns.


Building A Stronger Casa: Extending The Computers Are Social Actors Paradigm, Andrew Gambino, Jesse Fox, Rabindra A. Ratan Feb 2020

Building A Stronger Casa: Extending The Computers Are Social Actors Paradigm, Andrew Gambino, Jesse Fox, Rabindra A. Ratan

Human-Machine Communication

The computers are social actors framework (CASA), derived from the media equation, explains how people communicate with media and machines demonstrating social potential. Many studies have challenged CASA, yet it has not been revised. We argue that CASA needs to be expanded because people have changed, technologies have changed, and the way people interact with technologies has changed. We discuss the implications of these changes and propose an extension of CASA. Whereas CASA suggests humans mindlessly apply human-human social scripts to interactions with media agents, we argue that humans may develop and apply human-media social scripts to these interactions. Our ...


Me And My Robot Smiled At One Another: The Process Of Socially Enacted Communicative Affordance In Human-Machine Communication, Carmina Rodríguez-Hidalgo Feb 2020

Me And My Robot Smiled At One Another: The Process Of Socially Enacted Communicative Affordance In Human-Machine Communication, Carmina Rodríguez-Hidalgo

Human-Machine Communication

The term affordance has been inconsistently applied both in robotics and communication. While the robotics perspective is mostly object-based, the communication science view is commonly user-based. In an attempt to bring the two perspectives together, this theoretical paper argues that social robots present new social communicative affordances emerging from a two-way relational process. I first explicate conceptual approaches of affordance in robotics and communication. Second, a model of enacted communicative affordance in the context of Human-Machine Communication (HMC) is presented. Third and last, I explain how a pivotal social robot characteristic—embodiment—plays a key role in the process of ...


Ontological Boundaries Between Humans And Computers And The Implications For Human-Machine Communication, Andrea L. Guzman Feb 2020

Ontological Boundaries Between Humans And Computers And The Implications For Human-Machine Communication, Andrea L. Guzman

Human-Machine Communication

In human-machine communication, people interact with a communication partner that is of a different ontological nature from themselves. This study examines how people conceptualize ontological differences between humans and computers and the implications of these differences for human-machine communication. Findings based on data from qualitative interviews with 73 U.S. adults regarding disembodied artificial intelligence (AI) technologies (voice-based AI assistants, automated-writing software) show that people differentiate between humans and computers based on origin of being, degree of autonomy, status as tool/tool-user, level of intelligence, emotional capabilities, and inherent flaws. In addition, these ontological boundaries are becoming increasingly blurred as ...


Toward An Agent-Agnostic Transmission Model: Synthesizing Anthropocentric And Technocentric Paradigms In Communication, Jaime Banks, Maartje M. A. De Graaf Feb 2020

Toward An Agent-Agnostic Transmission Model: Synthesizing Anthropocentric And Technocentric Paradigms In Communication, Jaime Banks, Maartje M. A. De Graaf

Human-Machine Communication

Technological and social evolutions have prompted operational, phenomenological, and ontological shifts in communication processes. These shifts, we argue, trigger the need to regard human and machine roles in communication processes in a more egalitarian fashion. Integrating anthropocentric and technocentric perspectives on communication, we propose an agent-agnostic framework for human-machine communication. This framework rejects exclusive assignment of communicative roles (sender, message, channel, receiver) to traditionally held agents and instead focuses on evaluating agents according to their functions as a means for considering what roles are held in communication processes. As a first step in advancing this agent-agnostic perspective, this theoretical paper ...


Martin Wanielista - Bmp Trains Intro & Navigation - January 31, 2020, Martin Wanielista Jan 2020

Martin Wanielista - Bmp Trains Intro & Navigation - January 31, 2020, Martin Wanielista

BMP Trains

Dr. Martin Wanielista's slides from his PowerPoint presentation during the BMPTRAINS workshop on January 30-31, 2020.


Rich Magee - Bmp Trains - January 31, 2020, Rich Magee Jan 2020

Rich Magee - Bmp Trains - January 31, 2020, Rich Magee

BMP Trains

Rich Magee's slides from his PowerPoint presentation during the BMPTRAINS workshop on January 30-31, 2020.


Eric Livingston - Bmp Trains - January 31, 2020, Eric Livingston Jan 2020

Eric Livingston - Bmp Trains - January 31, 2020, Eric Livingston

BMP Trains

Eric Livingston's slides from his PowerPoint presentation during the BMPTRAINS workshop on January 30-31, 2020.


Martin Wanielista - Bmp Trains Example Application - January 31, 2020, Martin Wanielista Jan 2020

Martin Wanielista - Bmp Trains Example Application - January 31, 2020, Martin Wanielista

BMP Trains

Dr. Martin Wanielista's slides from his PowerPoint presentation during the BMPTRAINS workshop on January 30-31, 2020.


Ikiensinma Gogo-Abite - Bmp Trains Presentation - January 31, 2020, Ikiensinma Gogo-Abite Jan 2020

Ikiensinma Gogo-Abite - Bmp Trains Presentation - January 31, 2020, Ikiensinma Gogo-Abite

BMP Trains

Dr. Ikiensinma Gogo-Abite's slides from his PowerPoint presentation during the BMPTRAINS workshop on January 30-31, 2020.