Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Engineering Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Selected Works

2015

Discipline
Keyword
Publication
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 2267

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Numerical-Analytical Assessment On Solar Chimney Power Plant, Nima Fathi, Seyed Sobhan Aleyasin, Peter Vorobieff Dec 2015

Numerical-Analytical Assessment On Solar Chimney Power Plant, Nima Fathi, Seyed Sobhan Aleyasin, Peter Vorobieff

Nima Fathi

This study considers an appropriate expression to estimate the output power of solar chimney power plant systems (SCPPS). Recently several mathematical models of a solar chimney power plant were derived, studied for a variety of boundary conditions, and compared against CFD calculations. An important concern for modeling SCPPS is about the accuracy of the derived pressure drop and output power equation. To elucidate the matter, axisymmetric CFD analysis was performed to model the solar chimney power plant and calculate the output power for different available solar irradiation. Both analytical and numerical results were compared against the available experimental data from ...


Industrial Drawing-Part 1, Mahdi Abaszadeh Dec 2015

Industrial Drawing-Part 1, Mahdi Abaszadeh

mahdi abaszadeh

No abstract provided.


Industrial Drawing-Part 2, Mahdi Abaszadeh Dec 2015

Industrial Drawing-Part 2, Mahdi Abaszadeh

mahdi abaszadeh

No abstract provided.


Guidelines For Using Process Mapping To Aid Improvement Efforts, Paul Savory, John Olson Dec 2015

Guidelines For Using Process Mapping To Aid Improvement Efforts, Paul Savory, John Olson

John Olson

Process mapping is an easy-to-visualize method for people to analyze and agree on the most efficient routes for reengineering or improving a process. It aids in determining redundant tasks, uncovering hidden interactions between processes and people, and focusing on the processes that serve customers, improve quality, and generate income. This paper presents guidelines for using process mapping as an improvement tool. It is based on the authors’ experiences in aiding a variety of healthcare, service, and manufacturing companies.


A New Saifi Based Voltage Sag Index, Robert Barr, V. Gosbell, Ian Mcmichael Dec 2015

A New Saifi Based Voltage Sag Index, Robert Barr, V. Gosbell, Ian Mcmichael

Robert Barr

Reliability measures of SAIDI (system average interruption duration index) and SAIFI (system average frequency index) are well established industry standards used world wide. While both measures have their limitations, they give a broad indication of average reliability that allows comparison within networks and across networks world wide. No such industry standard indices exist for voltage sags. The main reason being that voltage sags are multi-dimensional, involving retained sag voltage, sag duration, number of phases effected, phase angle jumps and the time between successive sags. This paper proposes a new voltage sag index that is dimensionally the same as SAIFI having ...


Preliminary Evaluations On Laser - Tandem Gmaw, Ruham Reis, John Norrish, Dominic Cuiuri Dec 2015

Preliminary Evaluations On Laser - Tandem Gmaw, Ruham Reis, John Norrish, Dominic Cuiuri

Dominic Cuiuri

Recently there has been considerable research and development activity in the use of lasers for welding operations, turning this process into an important tool for a variety of applications. Although it is possible to use lasers as a unique source of heat to promote union of materials, the combination of the beam provided by a laser system with an arc welding process has been studied widely and applied in the so-called hybrid welding systems. Generally, the final result of such a combination is an increase in the weld penetration depth, width and welding travel speed. Despite these advantages, there are ...


Cracking The Shell To Student Learning: An Innovative Instructional Approach, John Olson, Paul Savory Dec 2015

Cracking The Shell To Student Learning: An Innovative Instructional Approach, John Olson, Paul Savory

John Olson

Management and Industrial Engineering courses is motivating students to learn and apply the quantitative and managerial aspects of the material. The aim of our educational methodology is to not only teach and reinforce the core principles of the disciplines, but to have students develop a set of skills that will make them competitive in the classroom and the workforce. Teaching is why a university exists. As a result, the objective of our instructional approach is to attract and retain dedicated students to the fields of Operations Management and Industrial Engineering and to keep those students competitive and in focus with ...


Road Rescue Implements A Continuous Process Improvement Framework, John Olson, Paul Savory Dec 2015

Road Rescue Implements A Continuous Process Improvement Framework, John Olson, Paul Savory

John Olson

Continuous improvement programs traditionally focus on making small incremental improvements to a system. Unfortunately, their success can be limited due to the rapid changing environment within which most small companies operate. Improvement efforts should be flexible enough to capitalize on incremental and radical changes to a system. This paper presents a case analysis of how Road Rescue, an ambulance manufacturer, uses a continuous improvement framework to capitalize on both radical and incremental improvement opportunities. Results include a 10% increase in throughput, reduced cycle time of 44%, increased customer satisfaction, and higher quality.


New Approaches To Controlling Unstable Gas Metal Arc Welding, Dominic Cuiuri, John Norrish, Christopher Cook Dec 2015

New Approaches To Controlling Unstable Gas Metal Arc Welding, Dominic Cuiuri, John Norrish, Christopher Cook

Dominic Cuiuri

This paper describes recent developments at the University of Wollongong in the application of novel control strategies to improve the control of inherently unstable transfer in the GMAW process. The paper reviews the problems involved in maintaining arc stability with CO2 shielded arcs and proposes potential solutions based on the development of a new process control technique. Results of early investigations into the phenomena are reported.


Novel Control Techniques For Co2 Shielded Gas Metal Arc Welding, Dominic Cuiuri, John Norrish, Christopher Cook Dec 2015

Novel Control Techniques For Co2 Shielded Gas Metal Arc Welding, Dominic Cuiuri, John Norrish, Christopher Cook

Dominic Cuiuri

The control strategies that have been developed over the past four decades to control the inherently unstable metal transfer in the CO2-shielded GMAW process are described. The fundamental reasons for poor arc stability with CO2 as a shielding gas are discussed. From an understanding of the process behaviour, a new process control technique is proposed, and the future direction of research in this area is discussed.


Constrained Biogeography-Based Optimization For Invariant Set Computation,, Arpit Shah, Daniel Simon, Hanz Richter Dec 2015

Constrained Biogeography-Based Optimization For Invariant Set Computation,, Arpit Shah, Daniel Simon, Hanz Richter

Hanz Richter

We discuss the application of biogeography-based optimization (BBO) to invariant set approximation. BBO is a recently developed evolutionary algorithm (EA) that is motivated by biogeography, which is the study and science of the geographical migration of biological species. Invariant sets are sets in the state space of a dynamic system such that if the state begins in the set, then it remains in the set for all time. Invariant sets have applications in many constrained control problems, and their computation amounts to a constrained optimization problem. We therefore frame the invariant set computation problem as a constrained optimization problem, and ...


Discovery Of Design Methodologies, Cirrus Shakeri, David Brown, Mohammad Noori Dec 2015

Discovery Of Design Methodologies, Cirrus Shakeri, David Brown, Mohammad Noori

David C. Brown

In this paper we present an AI-based approach for the discovery of design methodologies for multi-disciplinary design situations. The approach is based on simulating the design process using a multi-agent system that mimics the behavior of the design team. The system activates the pieces of design knowledge when they become applicable. The use of knowledge by agents is recorded by tracing the steps that the agents have taken during a design project. Many traces are generated by solving a large number of design projects that differ in their requirements. A set of design methodologies is constructed by using clustering techniques ...


Engineering Design: Representation And Reasoning, Clive Dym, David Brown Dec 2015

Engineering Design: Representation And Reasoning, Clive Dym, David Brown

David C. Brown

This text demonstrates that symbolic representation, and related problem-solving methods, offer significant opportunities to clarify and articulate concepts of design to give a better framework for design research and education. This edition includes recent work on design reasoning, computational design, AI in design, and design cognition, with pointers to the current literature.


Combining Dynamic Stretch And Tunable Stiffness To Probe Cell Mechanobiology In Vitro, Angela Quinlan, Leslie Sierad, Andrew Capulli, Laura Firstenberg, Kristen Billiar Dec 2015

Combining Dynamic Stretch And Tunable Stiffness To Probe Cell Mechanobiology In Vitro, Angela Quinlan, Leslie Sierad, Andrew Capulli, Laura Firstenberg, Kristen Billiar

Kristen L. Billiar

Cells have the ability to actively sense their mechanical environment and respond to both substrate stiffness and stretch by altering their adhesion, proliferation, locomotion, morphology, and synthetic profile. In order to elucidate the interrelated effects of different mechanical stimuli on cell phenotype in vitro, we have developed a method for culturing mammalian cells in a two-dimensional environment at a wide range of combined levels of substrate stiffness and dynamic stretch. Polyacrylamide gels were covalently bonded to flexible silicone culture plates and coated with monomeric collagen for cell adhesion. Substrate stiffness was adjusted from relatively soft (G' = 0.3 kPa) to ...


An Alternative Current Control Approach For Dip Transfer Gmaw, Gary Dean, Dominic Cuiuri, John Norrish, Christopher Cook Dec 2015

An Alternative Current Control Approach For Dip Transfer Gmaw, Gary Dean, Dominic Cuiuri, John Norrish, Christopher Cook

Dominic Cuiuri

No abstract provided.


A Framework For Control Of Robots With Energy Regeneration, Hanz Richter Dec 2015

A Framework For Control Of Robots With Energy Regeneration, Hanz Richter

Hanz Richter

This paper focuses on robot control problems where energy regeneration is an explicit consideration, and it proposes a methodology for modeling and control design of regenerative motion control systems. The generic model consists of a robotic manipulator where some joints are actively controlled and the remaining joints are energetically self-contained and semi-actively controlled. The model can capture various electromechanical and hydraulic actuator configurations for industrial robots and powered human-assist devices. The basic control approach consists of three steps. First, a virtual control design is conducted by any suitable means. Then, virtual control inputs are enacted by a matching law for ...


A New Approach To Controlled Short Circuit Transfer In Gmaw, John Norrish, Gary Dean, Dominic Cuiuri, Christopher Cook Dec 2015

A New Approach To Controlled Short Circuit Transfer In Gmaw, John Norrish, Gary Dean, Dominic Cuiuri, Christopher Cook

Dominic Cuiuri

No abstract provided.


Thermodynamic Method For Prediction Of Surfactant Modified Oil Droplet Contact Angle, Samuel Morton, David Keffer, R. Counce, D. Depaoli, M. Hu Dec 2015

Thermodynamic Method For Prediction Of Surfactant Modified Oil Droplet Contact Angle, Samuel Morton, David Keffer, R. Counce, D. Depaoli, M. Hu

Samuel A Morton

A model applying surfactant self-assembly theory and classical thermodynamics has been developed to aid in the prediction of solid surface cleaning by aqueous surfactant solutions. Information gained from a combination of surfactant self-assembly behavior and cleaning system parameters, such as oil species, surfactant type, temperature, alkalinity, and solid surface type has been shown to provide insight into surface cleaning. The model combines minimization of free energy, pertinent component distribution mechanisms, and surfactant self-assembly processes to provide a methodology for the predicting of oil droplet contact angles. Such predictive capabilities will allow for the development of beneficial environmental and economic changes ...


Investigation On Welding Arc Interruptions In The Presence Of Magnetic Fields: Arc Length, Torch Angle And Current Pulsing Frequency Influence, Ruham Reis, Americo Scotti, John Norrish, Dominic Cuiuri Dec 2015

Investigation On Welding Arc Interruptions In The Presence Of Magnetic Fields: Arc Length, Torch Angle And Current Pulsing Frequency Influence, Ruham Reis, Americo Scotti, John Norrish, Dominic Cuiuri

Dominic Cuiuri

Arc interruptions have been observed in tandem pulsed gas metal arc welding (GMAW). This fact, which is likely related to magnetic interaction between the arcs, motivated previous study concerning the influence of the welding current on this phenomenon. In order to promote further understanding, this paper investigates the effects of arc length, torch angle, and high-frequency current pulsing on the arc resistance to extinction. To mimic the situation found in tandem GMAW (magnetic field induced by one arc acting on the other arc), external magnetic fields were applied to gas tungsten arc welding arcs. It was verified that short arc ...


Characterization Of Physicochemical Properties Of Ivy Nanoparticles For Cosmetic Application, Yujian Huang, Scott Lenaghan, Linjin Xia, Jason Burris, C. Stewart, Mingjun Zhang Dec 2015

Characterization Of Physicochemical Properties Of Ivy Nanoparticles For Cosmetic Application, Yujian Huang, Scott Lenaghan, Linjin Xia, Jason Burris, C. Stewart, Mingjun Zhang

C. Neal Stewart Jr.

Background Naturally occurring nanoparticles isolated from English ivy (Hedera helix) have previously been proposed as an alternative to metallic nanoparticles as sunscreen fillers due to their effective UV extinction property, low toxicity and potential biodegradability. Methods This study focused on analyzing the physicochemical properties of the ivy nanoparticles, specifically, those parameters which are crucial for use as sunscreen fillers, such as pH, temperature, and UV irradiation. The visual transparency and cytotoxicity of ivy nanoparticles were also investigated comparing them with other metal oxide nanoparticles. Results Results from this study demonstrated that, after treatment at 100°C, there was a clear ...


A Flexible Approach To On-Site Power Filtering And Supply Backup Using High Capacity High Temperature Smes For Maximum Equipment Utility, Dominic Cuiuri, Jeffrey Moscrop, Christopher Cook Dec 2015

A Flexible Approach To On-Site Power Filtering And Supply Backup Using High Capacity High Temperature Smes For Maximum Equipment Utility, Dominic Cuiuri, Jeffrey Moscrop, Christopher Cook

Dominic Cuiuri

With power systems subject to an ever-increasing variety of load types, power quality remains of concern to both utilities and consumers alike. Some of the most concerning issues to users of sensitive equipment include voltage sags, supply interruption and current harmonics. This paper describes a comprehensive power quality device that can be designed to compensate for harmonic load currents and mains voltage variations in a system, as well as providing mains failure backup for smaller critical system loads. The design process described integrates high capacity high temperature Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) technology with Active Power Filter (APF) switching technology ...


Magnetic Transitions In Disordered Gdal2, D. Williams, Paul Shand, Thomas Pekarek, Ralph Skomski, Valeri Petkov, Diandra Leslie-Pelecky Dec 2015

Magnetic Transitions In Disordered Gdal2, D. Williams, Paul Shand, Thomas Pekarek, Ralph Skomski, Valeri Petkov, Diandra Leslie-Pelecky

Thomas M. Pekarek

The role of disorder in magnetic ordering transitions is investigated using mechanically milled GdAl2. Crystalline GdAl2 is a ferromagnet while amorphous GdAl2 is a spin glass. Nanostructured GdAl2 shows a paramagnetic-to-ferromagnetic transition and glassy behavior, with the temperature and magnitude of each transition dependent on the degree and type of disorder. Disorder is parametrized by a Gaussian distribution of Curie temperatures TC with mean TC and breadth Δ TC. A nonzero coercivity is observed at temperatures more than 20 K above the highest TC of any known Gd-Al phase; however, the coercivity decreases with decreasing temperature over the same temperature ...


Fgf2-Induced Effects On Transcriptome Associated With Regeneration Competence In Adult Human Fibroblasts, Olga Kashpur, David Lapointe, Sakthikumar Ambady, Elizabeth Ryder, Tanja Dominko Dec 2015

Fgf2-Induced Effects On Transcriptome Associated With Regeneration Competence In Adult Human Fibroblasts, Olga Kashpur, David Lapointe, Sakthikumar Ambady, Elizabeth Ryder, Tanja Dominko

Sakthikumar Ambady

BACKGROUND: Adult human fibroblasts grown in low oxygen and with FGF2 supplementation have the capacity to tip the healing outcome of skeletal muscle injury - by favoring regeneration response in vivo over scar formation. Here, we compare the transcriptomes of control adult human dermal fibroblasts and induced regeneration-competent (iRC) fibroblasts to identify transcriptional changes that may be related to their regeneration competence. RESULTS: We identified a unique gene-expression profile that characterizes FGF2-induced iRC fibroblast phenotype. Significantly differentially expressed genes due to FGF2 treatment were identified and analyzed to determine overrepresented Gene Ontology terms. Genes belonging to extracellular matrix components, adhesion molecules ...


Droplet Size Regulation In The Short Circuit Gmaw Process Using A Controlled Current Waveform, Dominic Cuiuri, John Norrish, Christopher Cook Dec 2015

Droplet Size Regulation In The Short Circuit Gmaw Process Using A Controlled Current Waveform, Dominic Cuiuri, John Norrish, Christopher Cook

Dominic Cuiuri

Enhanced control of the short-circuit gas metal arc welding (GMAW) process can be achieved through the use of an advanced power source applying a controlled current waveform. By using a current waveform whose period is adapted to suit the requirements of the process, excellent welding performance can be achieved. When the current waveform is of fixed peak amplitude and shape, the control can be considered to be open-loop, as there is no active attempt to regulate a specific process parameter such as arc length, fusion area or dipping frequency. There is scope for more sophisticated control of the process. Using ...


Discovering Methodologies For Integrated Product Design, Cirrus Shakeri, David Brown, Mohammad Noori Dec 2015

Discovering Methodologies For Integrated Product Design, Cirrus Shakeri, David Brown, Mohammad Noori

David C. Brown

The current methodologies for multi-disciplinary product design are based on compromising between different disciplines rather than integrating them. These methodologies do not use a systematic and holistic approach to the problem of multi-disciplinary design and thus are piecemeal rather than comprehensive. This paper presents a new approach to producing design methodologies for integration of the different disciplines in the design process. A multi-agent system has been developed that designs a 2-DOF robot arm by incorporating five proposed strategies for integration between disciplines. Design methodologies are extracted by tracking the system and generalizing the traces that are produced. The results show ...


Miab Welding Of Oil And Gas Pipelines, L. Fletcher, Gabriel Stecher, Cec Stubbs, John Norrish, Dominic Cuiuri, Jeffrey Moscrop Dec 2015

Miab Welding Of Oil And Gas Pipelines, L. Fletcher, Gabriel Stecher, Cec Stubbs, John Norrish, Dominic Cuiuri, Jeffrey Moscrop

Dominic Cuiuri

No abstract provided.


Verstatile Welding Power Source Controller For Research And Product Development, Dominic Cuiuri, John Norrish Dec 2015

Verstatile Welding Power Source Controller For Research And Product Development, Dominic Cuiuri, John Norrish

Dominic Cuiuri

The diminishing cost and increasing speed of microprocessors has made them ubiquitous in modern welding control equipment, whether it is mass produced or custom made for research purposes.


Investigation Of Particulate Fume Generated From The Gmaw Of Plain Carbon Steel, Zoran Sterjovski, J Brossier, E De Thoisy, Dominic Cuiuri, John Norrish, Brian Monaghan Dec 2015

Investigation Of Particulate Fume Generated From The Gmaw Of Plain Carbon Steel, Zoran Sterjovski, J Brossier, E De Thoisy, Dominic Cuiuri, John Norrish, Brian Monaghan

Dominic Cuiuri

No abstract provided.


Getting To The Root Of Bacterial Hairs: What Is “S”?, Rebecca Gaddis, Samantha O'Conner, Evan Anderson, Terri Camesano, Nancy Burnham Dec 2015

Getting To The Root Of Bacterial Hairs: What Is “S”?, Rebecca Gaddis, Samantha O'Conner, Evan Anderson, Terri Camesano, Nancy Burnham

Nancy A. Burnham

An atomic force microscope (AFM) was used to measure the steric forces of lipopolysaccharides (LPS) on the biofilm-forming bacteria, Pseudomonas aeruginosa. It is well known that LPS play a vital role in biofilm formation. These forces were characterized with a modified version of the Alexander and de Gennes (AdG) model for polymers, which is a function of equilibrium brush length, L, probe radius, R, temperature, T, separation distance, D, and an indefinite density variable, s. This last parameter was originally distinguished by de Gennes as the root spacing or mesh spacing depending upon the type of polymer adhesion; however since ...


A Flexible Computer-Controlled Experimental Power Source For Welding Research, Dominic Cuiuri, John Norrish, Christopher Cook Dec 2015

A Flexible Computer-Controlled Experimental Power Source For Welding Research, Dominic Cuiuri, John Norrish, Christopher Cook

Dominic Cuiuri

Control of the Gas Metal Arc welding process is becoming increasingly sophisticated, due to improvements in technology and a better understanding of the process itself. To effectively conduct research in this area, it is necessary to have equipment that is extremely flexible in both architecture and operation. Experimental power sources and a welding test facility have been developed at the University of Wollongong which meet these criteria. The core time-critical control functions are performed by an independent digital signal processor (DSP). Non time-critical functions such as data storage and operator interface are performed by a desktop personal computer. Both computing ...