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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Flexural Strength, Ductility, And Serviceability Of Beams That Contain High-Strength Steel Reinforcement And High-Grade Concrete, Anas Yosefani Jun 2018

Flexural Strength, Ductility, And Serviceability Of Beams That Contain High-Strength Steel Reinforcement And High-Grade Concrete, Anas Yosefani

Dissertations and Theses

Utilizing the higher capacity steel in design can provide additional advantages to the concrete construction industry including a reduction of congestion, improved concrete placement, reduction in the required reinforcement and cross sections which would lead to savings in materials, shipping, and placement costs. Using high-strength reinforcement is expected to impact the design provisions of ACI 318 code and other related codes.

The Applied Technology Council (ATC-115) report "Roadmap for the Use of High-Strength Reinforcement in Reinforced Concrete Design" has identified key design issues that are affected by the use of high-strength reinforcement. Also, ACI ITG-6, "Design Guide for the Use ...


Torsional Strengthening Of Reinforced Concrete Beams Using Cfrp Composites, Ranj Rafeeq Aug 2016

Torsional Strengthening Of Reinforced Concrete Beams Using Cfrp Composites, Ranj Rafeeq

Dissertations and Theses

Few decades ago, there were no guidelines for torsion design of reinforced concrete (RC) beams. Hence, many existing beams in older buildings have a lack of adequate torsional strength since they were not properly designed for torsion. One way to regain/rehabilitate adequate torsional strength is through application of externally bonded carbon fiber reinforced polymers (CFRP). To date, American Concrete Institute (ACI) code, as well as other building codes, do not have recommendations or provisions for strengthening RC beams for torsion using fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites due to the inexistence of conclusive experimental and analytical data. Of the very limited ...


Behavior Of Prestressed Concrete Beams With Cfrp Strands, Yasir Matloob Saeed Mar 2016

Behavior Of Prestressed Concrete Beams With Cfrp Strands, Yasir Matloob Saeed

Dissertations and Theses

The high cost of repairing reinforced or prestressed concrete structures due to steel corrosion has driven engineers to look for solutions. Much research has been conducted over the last two decades to evaluate the use of Fiber Reinforced Polymers (FRPs) in concrete structures. Structural engineering researchers have been testing FRP to determine their usability instead of steel for strengthening existing reinforced concrete structures, reinforcing new concrete members, and for prestressed concrete applications. The high strength-to-weight ratio of FRP materials, especially Carbon FRP (CFRP), and their non-corrosive nature are probably the most attractive features of FRPs.

In this study, an experimental ...


Behavior Of Concrete Beams With Corroded Reinforcement Retrofitted With Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer, Needa M. Lingga Jan 2016

Behavior Of Concrete Beams With Corroded Reinforcement Retrofitted With Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer, Needa M. Lingga

Civil and Environmental Engineering Master's Project Reports

Severe premature deterioration has been reported in a large number of reinforced concrete (RC) structures in corrosive environments. This research project focused on the behavior of beams that contained corroded steel and were retrofitted with CFRP. The steel in RC beams were assumed to be fully corroded, representing the most severe loss in steel cross-section. Unidirectional CFRP sheets were used to strengthen the deteriorated beams. The experimental program included testing five simply supported rectangular cross section concrete beams. All beams were approximately 1/3rd scale models, 4in. x 6in. cross sections, and 6ft. long. In three beams, the oiled ...


Experimental Investigation Of Fiber Reinforced Concrete Beams, Karrar Ali Al-Lami Jun 2015

Experimental Investigation Of Fiber Reinforced Concrete Beams, Karrar Ali Al-Lami

Dissertations and Theses

Shear strength of fiber reinforced concrete beams was studied in this research project. Three types of fibers were examined: hooked-end steel fiber, crimped-steel fiber, and crimped-monofilament polypropylene fibers. The experimental program included five beam specimens. Two of the beams were control specimens in which one was reinforced with minimum shear reinforcement according to ACI 318, while the other one did not have any shear reinforcement. Each one of the other three specimens was reinforced with one of the above mentioned fibers by 1% volumetric ratio. In addition to the beam specimens, three prisms were also made for each type fiber ...


Comparative Study Of Lightweight And Normal Weight Concrete In Flexure, Mohammad Zareh Jan 1971

Comparative Study Of Lightweight And Normal Weight Concrete In Flexure, Mohammad Zareh

Dissertations and Theses

This investigation represents a comparative study of the flexural behavior of lightweight and normal weight concrete. Both theoretical and experimental moment-curvature characteristics of the tested specimens were used to study the flexural behavior. A generalized computer program to determine the moment-curvature relationships of a singly reinforced rectangular concrete beam was developed. For this limited study it was observed that lightweight concrete beams when compared to normal concrete beams achieve comparable moment capacity (about 92% of normal weight concrete) but exhibit higher deflections (about 40% more than normal weight concrete).