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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Tensile Behavior Of Frp Anchors Made From Cfrp Ropes Epoxy-Bonded To Uncracked Concrete For Flexural Strengthening Of Rc Column, Yasir Saeed, Wisam Amer Aules, Franz N. Rad, Anis M. Raad Dec 2020

Tensile Behavior Of Frp Anchors Made From Cfrp Ropes Epoxy-Bonded To Uncracked Concrete For Flexural Strengthening Of Rc Column, Yasir Saeed, Wisam Amer Aules, Franz N. Rad, Anis M. Raad

Civil and Environmental Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

One of the major problems with using fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) in strengthening reinforced concrete (RC) structures is FRP premature debonding. Anchoring FRP materials to concrete has become associated with most of the strengthening techniques. One of the anchoring techniques is using handmade anchors made from FRP materials. In previous studies, most FRP anchors were made from rolling pre-cut FRP sheets and had short embedment (mm) as they were used for flexural or shear strengthening of RC beams. In the present study, FRP anchors were made from carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) ropes and had long embedment to be used ...


Distributed Energy Resource Aggregation Using Customer-Owned Equipment: A Review Of Literature And Standards, Manasseh Obi, Tylor Slay, Robert B. Bass Nov 2020

Distributed Energy Resource Aggregation Using Customer-Owned Equipment: A Review Of Literature And Standards, Manasseh Obi, Tylor Slay, Robert B. Bass

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Large-scale deployment of renewable energy resources, both utility-scale and distributed, create reliability concerns for electrical power system operators. The weather-dependent, non-dispatchable nature of renewable resources decreases the ability of operators to match supply with demand. Concurrently, distributed energy resources, defined as small-scale loads, generation sources, and storage systems, are becoming ubiquitous within modern electrical systems. This literature review presents the grid services that utilities use to alleviate power systems reliability concerns, particularly those caused by renewable resources, and how aggregations of residential-scale distributed energy resources can be used to provide these services.

By aggregating distributed energy resources en masse to ...


Extending The Functional Subnetwork Approach To A Generalized Linear Integrate-And-Fire Neuron Model, Nicholas Szczecinski, Roger Quinn, Alexander J. Hunt Nov 2020

Extending The Functional Subnetwork Approach To A Generalized Linear Integrate-And-Fire Neuron Model, Nicholas Szczecinski, Roger Quinn, Alexander J. Hunt

Mechanical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Engineering neural networks to perform specific tasks often represents a monumental challenge in determining network architecture and parameter values. In this work, we extend our previously-developed method for tuning networks of non-spiking neurons, the “Functional subnetwork approach” (FSA), to the tuning of networks composed of spiking neurons. This extension enables the direct assembly and tuning of networks of spiking neurons and synapses based on the network’s intended function, without the use of global optimization ormachine learning. To extend the FSA, we show that the dynamics of a generalized linear integrate and fire (GLIF) neuronmodel have fundamental similarities to those ...


Flight Simulator Modeling Using Recurrent Neural Networks, Nickolas Sabatini, Andreas Natsis Oct 2020

Flight Simulator Modeling Using Recurrent Neural Networks, Nickolas Sabatini, Andreas Natsis

Undergraduate Research & Mentoring Program

Recurrent neural networks (RNNs) are a form of machine learning used to predict future values. This project uses RNNs tor predict future values for a flight simulator. Coded in Python using the Keras library, the model demonstrates training loss and validation loss, referring to the error when training the model.


From Inductive To Deductive Learning, Mikhail Mayers, Brian Henson Oct 2020

From Inductive To Deductive Learning, Mikhail Mayers, Brian Henson

Undergraduate Research & Mentoring Program

Using Machine Vision as a way to give information to Prolog. Using Prolog to solve deductive problems and analogical problems without having to manually enter all facts and information.


Effect Of Bout Length On Gait Measures In People With And Without Parkinson’S Disease During Daily Life, Vrutangkumar Shah, James Mcnames, Graham Harker, Martina Mancini, Patricia Carlson-Kuhta, John G. Nutt, Mahmoud El-Gohary, Carolin Curtze, Fay Horak Oct 2020

Effect Of Bout Length On Gait Measures In People With And Without Parkinson’S Disease During Daily Life, Vrutangkumar Shah, James Mcnames, Graham Harker, Martina Mancini, Patricia Carlson-Kuhta, John G. Nutt, Mahmoud El-Gohary, Carolin Curtze, Fay Horak

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Although the use of wearable technology to characterize gait disorders in daily life is increasing, there is no consensus on which specific gait bout length should be used to characterize gait. Clinical trialists using daily life gait quality as study outcomes need to understand how gait bout length aects the sensitivity and specificity of measures to discriminate pathological gait as well as the reliability of gait measures across gait bout lengths. We investigated whether Parkinson’s disease (PD) affects how gait characteristics change as bout length changes, and how gait bout length affects the reliability and discriminative ability of gait ...


3d-Printed Leg Design And Modification For Improved Support On A Quadruped Robot, Jasmin S. Collins Sep 2020

3d-Printed Leg Design And Modification For Improved Support On A Quadruped Robot, Jasmin S. Collins

Undergraduate Research & Mentoring Program

The Agile and Adaptive Robotics Lab aims to uncover the biological and physiological complexities in animal agility and adaptive control, which can be replicated through robotics and provide further applications in biology and medicine. One project within the lab focuses on understanding structure, actuation, and control through the modeling of a canine quadruped robot.

The AARL has developed a full-body quadruped robot with artificial muscles that control limb movement and a body that is built from 3D-printed parts. This specific project involved modification of these existing parts to (a) minimize deflections in the front legs, causing unwanted lateral and abduction ...


Image Object Extraction Based On Semantic Segmentation And Label Loss, Xiaoru Wang, Peirong Xu, Zhihong Yu, Fu Li Aug 2020

Image Object Extraction Based On Semantic Segmentation And Label Loss, Xiaoru Wang, Peirong Xu, Zhihong Yu, Fu Li

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Object extraction refers to the operation of obtaining an object area from an image based on a small amount of mark information given by users, which is a key step in image processing. In order to obtain a complete object profile, current methods usually require a large number of manual annotations, especially for objects with irregular contours. Since traditional algorithms rely on low-level pixel features without semantic information, and are based on obvious mathematical assumptions (ie, strong inductive bias), it is difficult to completely identify objects. At present, in order to improve the integrity of object extraction, semantic segmentation-based methods ...


A Unified Spectrum Formulation For Ofdm, Fbmc, And F-Ofdm, Xianzhen Yang, Siyuan Yan, Xiao Li, Fu Li Aug 2020

A Unified Spectrum Formulation For Ofdm, Fbmc, And F-Ofdm, Xianzhen Yang, Siyuan Yan, Xiao Li, Fu Li

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Although orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) has been standardized for 5G, filter bank multi-carrier (FBMC) and filtered orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (F-OFDM) remain competitive as candidates for future generations of wireless technologies beyond 5G, due to their reduced spectrum leakage and thus enhanced spectrum efficiency. In this article, we developed a unified spectrum expression for OFDM, FBMC, and F-OFDM, which provides comparative insights into those techniques. A representative sideband quantification is included at the end of this article.


Update To Methodology For Setting Speed Limits In Urban Areas: Spr 827, Miguel Figliozzi, Avinash Unnikrishnan, Jaclyn S. Schaefer Aug 2020

Update To Methodology For Setting Speed Limits In Urban Areas: Spr 827, Miguel Figliozzi, Avinash Unnikrishnan, Jaclyn S. Schaefer

Civil and Environmental Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Many cities in Oregon are requesting a comprehensive review of speed zoning guidelines and existing procedures for streets with high volumes of active travelers. The main goal of this research is to develop recommendations for alternate criteria for setting speed zones on roadways with a high percentage of active travelers. Literature pertaining to factors affecting operating speed, speed and safety, speed management, and current speed zone practices is reviewed. The selection of the site and performance criteria is discussed. Qualities and characteristics of the speed data utilized are given. Distinctions between neighborhood and non-neighborhood greenways are noted. A before and ...


The Optimization Of Machining Parameters For Milling Operations By Using The Nelder–Mead Simplex Method, Yubin Lee, Alin Resiga, Sung Yi, Chien Wern Jul 2020

The Optimization Of Machining Parameters For Milling Operations By Using The Nelder–Mead Simplex Method, Yubin Lee, Alin Resiga, Sung Yi, Chien Wern

Mechanical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

The purpose of machining operations is to make specific shapes or surface characteristics for a product. Conditions for machining operations were traditionally selected based on geometry and surface finish requirements. However, nowadays, many researchers are optimizing machining parameters since high-quality products can be produced using more expensive and advanced machines and tools. There are a few methods to optimize the machining process, such as minimizing unit production time or cost or maximizing profit. This research focused on maximizing the profit of computer numerical control (CNC) milling operations by optimizing machining parameters. Cutting speeds and feed are considered as the main ...


Fabrication And Characterization Of Flexible Three-Phase Zno-Graphene-Epoxy Electro-Active Thin-Film Nanocomposites: Towards Applications In Wearable Biomedical Devices, Mandeep Singh, Sanjeev Kumar, Shervin Zoghi, Debaki Sarcar, Saquib Ahmed, Shaestagir Chowdhury, Sankha Banerjee Jul 2020

Fabrication And Characterization Of Flexible Three-Phase Zno-Graphene-Epoxy Electro-Active Thin-Film Nanocomposites: Towards Applications In Wearable Biomedical Devices, Mandeep Singh, Sanjeev Kumar, Shervin Zoghi, Debaki Sarcar, Saquib Ahmed, Shaestagir Chowdhury, Sankha Banerjee

Mechanical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Perovskite oxides have been used as sensors, actuators, transducers, for sound generation and detection, and also in optical instruments and microscopes. Perovskite halides are currently considered as optoelectronic devices such as solar cells, photodetectors, and radiation detection, but there are major issues with stability, interfacial recombination, and electron/hole mobility. The following work looks into the fabrication of non-toxic ZnO-based lead-free alternatives to perovskite oxides for use as secondary sensors or electron transport layers along with perovskite halides for application in stacked biomedical wearable devices. Three-phase, lead-free, Zinc Oxide-Graphene-Epoxy electroactive nanocomposite thin films were fabricated. The volume fraction of the ...


Online Survey Of Driver Comprehension Of The Flashing Yellow Arrow For Right-Turn Signal Indications, Sirisha Kothuri, Christopher Monsere, Hisham Jashami, David Hurwitz Jul 2020

Online Survey Of Driver Comprehension Of The Flashing Yellow Arrow For Right-Turn Signal Indications, Sirisha Kothuri, Christopher Monsere, Hisham Jashami, David Hurwitz

Civil and Environmental Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper presents the results of an online survey of licensed driver comprehension of the right-turn signal displays with a focus on the flashing yellow arrow (FYA) and also including the circular green and red and red arrow. Recruitment postcards were mailed to a random sample of 9,872 residents in Oregon. The online survey yielded 399 responses. The open-ended responses were coded for comprehension and analyzed. The results suggest that FYA for right turns is well understood by Oregon drivers despite its current novelty (only two locations at the time of the research). Importantly, survey respondents were more likely ...


User-Rated Comfort And Preference Of Separated Bike Lane Intersection Designs, Christopher Monsere, Nathan Mcneil, Rebecca Sanders Jun 2020

User-Rated Comfort And Preference Of Separated Bike Lane Intersection Designs, Christopher Monsere, Nathan Mcneil, Rebecca Sanders

Civil and Environmental Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Improved bicycle infrastructure has become increasingly common in the United States as cities seek to attract new riders, including the demographic who do not feel comfortable riding with motor vehicle traffic. A key tool in designing low-stress networks is the use of separated or protected bicycle lanes, and intersections are the critical links. This paper presents an analysis of the perceived level of comfort of current and potential bicyclists from 277 survey respondents who rated 26 first-person video clips of a bicyclist riding through mixing zones, lateral shifts, bend-in, bend-out, and protected intersection designs. A total of 7,166 ratings ...


Work-In-Progress: Implementing Sophomore Cornerstone Courses In Electrical And Computer Engineering, Branimir Pejcinovic, Melinda Holtzman, Phillip Wong Jun 2020

Work-In-Progress: Implementing Sophomore Cornerstone Courses In Electrical And Computer Engineering, Branimir Pejcinovic, Melinda Holtzman, Phillip Wong

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Many engineering programs have significant project-based courses in the freshman and senior years. The project component in our freshman year-long sequence evolves from minimally structured projects, like designing and building Rube-Goldberg contraptions, to more complex microcontroller-based projects where formal tools for teamwork and project management are introduced. However, we do not yet enforce strict adherence to procedures and processes in the freshman year. This is unlike the senior capstone, where the expectation is that students will not only be familiar with these methods but will use them effectively throughout their projects. This presents an obvious problem: what happens in the ...


Evidence From Urban Roads Without Bicycle Lanes On The Impact Of Bicycle Traffic On Passenger Car Travel Speeds, Jaclyn S. Schaefer, Miguel A. Figliozzi, Avinash Unnikrishnan Jun 2020

Evidence From Urban Roads Without Bicycle Lanes On The Impact Of Bicycle Traffic On Passenger Car Travel Speeds, Jaclyn S. Schaefer, Miguel A. Figliozzi, Avinash Unnikrishnan

Civil and Environmental Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

A concern raised by some motorists in relation to the presence of bicycles on urban roads without bicycle lanes, discussed in part of the traffic literature, is that cyclists will slow down motorized vehicles and therefore create congestion. This research answers this question: do bicycles reduce passenger car travel speeds on urban roads without bicycle lanes? To answer this question, a detailed comparative analysis of the travel speeds of passenger car (class two vehicles) on lower volume urban roads without bicycle lanes is presented. Speed distributions, the mean, and the 50th and 85th percentile speeds for two scenarios were examined ...


Dim: Adaptively Combining User Interests Mined At Different Stages Based On Deformable Interest Model, Xiaoru Wang, Yueli Li, Zhihong Yu, Fu Li, Heng Zhang, Yali Cai, Lixian Li May 2020

Dim: Adaptively Combining User Interests Mined At Different Stages Based On Deformable Interest Model, Xiaoru Wang, Yueli Li, Zhihong Yu, Fu Li, Heng Zhang, Yali Cai, Lixian Li

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

User interest mining is widely used in the fields of personalized search and personalized recommendation. Traditional methods ignore the formation of user interest which is a process that evolves over time. This leads to the inability to accurately describe the distribution of user interest. In this paper, we propose the interest tracking model (ITM). To add the timing, ITM uses Dirichlet distribution and multinomial distribution to describe the evolutional process of interest topics and frequent patterns, which well adapts to the evolution of user interest hidden in short texts between different time slices. In addition, it is well known that ...


Spectrum Modeling Of Out-Of-Band Intermodulation For Dual-Band Rf Amplifiers In Ofdm Modulation, Xianzhen Yang, Siyuan Yan, Xiao Li, Qiang Wu, Fu Li Apr 2020

Spectrum Modeling Of Out-Of-Band Intermodulation For Dual-Band Rf Amplifiers In Ofdm Modulation, Xianzhen Yang, Siyuan Yan, Xiao Li, Qiang Wu, Fu Li

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Dual-band RF amplifiers play increasingly important roles in next-generation mobile communication systems including 5G, and the out-of-band intermodulation products are often not negligible since they generate interference to adjacent channels. In this article, following our previous modeling of cross-modulation for amplified dual-band signals, an analytical expression of out-of-band intermodulation for dual-band orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing signals is derived using the third-order intercept points IP3. The experimental measurement results validate the proposed analytical expression.


Enhanced Carrier Transport By Transition Metal Doping In Ws2 Field Effect Transistors, Maomao Liu, Sichen Wei, Simran Shahi, Hemendra Nath Jaiswal, Paolo Paletti, Sara Fathipour, Maja Remskar, Jun Jiao, Wansik Hwang, Fei Yao, Huamin Li Apr 2020

Enhanced Carrier Transport By Transition Metal Doping In Ws2 Field Effect Transistors, Maomao Liu, Sichen Wei, Simran Shahi, Hemendra Nath Jaiswal, Paolo Paletti, Sara Fathipour, Maja Remskar, Jun Jiao, Wansik Hwang, Fei Yao, Huamin Li

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

High contact resistance is one of the primary concerns for electronic device applications of two-dimensional (2D) layered semiconductors. Here, we explore the enhanced carrier transport through metal–semiconductor interfaces in WS2 field effect transistors (FETs) by introducing a typical transition metal, Cu, with two different doping strategies: (i) a “generalized” Cu doping by using randomly distributed Cu atoms along the channel and (ii) a “localized” Cu doping by adapting an ultrathin Cu layer at the metal–semiconductor interface. Compared to the pristine WS2 FETs, both the generalized Cu atomic dopant and localized Cu contact decoration can provide a ...


Ten Questions Concerning The Implications Of Carpet On Indoor Chemistry And Microbiology, Sarah R, Haines, Rachel I. Adams, Brandon E. Boor, Thomas A. Bruton, John Downey, Andrea R. Ferro, Elliot Gall, Multiple Additional Authors Mar 2020

Ten Questions Concerning The Implications Of Carpet On Indoor Chemistry And Microbiology, Sarah R, Haines, Rachel I. Adams, Brandon E. Boor, Thomas A. Bruton, John Downey, Andrea R. Ferro, Elliot Gall, Multiple Additional Authors

Mechanical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Carpet and rugs currently represent about half of the United States flooring market and offer many benefits as a flooring type. How carpets influence our exposure to both microorganisms and chemicals in indoor environments has important health implications but is not well understood. The goal of this manuscript is to consolidate what is known about how carpet impacts indoor chemistry and microbiology, as well as to identify the important research gaps that remain. After describing the current use of carpet indoors, questions focus on five specific areas: 1) indoor chemistry, 2) indoor microbiology, 3) resuspension and exposure, 4) current practices ...


Inversion Of Head Waves In Ocean Acoustic Ambient Noise, Jie Li, Peter Gerstoft, Martin Siderius, Jun Fan Feb 2020

Inversion Of Head Waves In Ocean Acoustic Ambient Noise, Jie Li, Peter Gerstoft, Martin Siderius, Jun Fan

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

The virtual head wave is produced through cross-correlation processing of signals containing the real, acoustic head wave. The virtual head wave has the same phase speed as the head wave, but the travel time is offset, thus the term virtual. The virtual head wave, like the real head wave, propagates in a direction corresponding to the seabed critical angle. The virtual head wave travel time varies with array depth and water column depth. However, in a refracting environment, the travel time is also dependent on the depth-dependent sound speed profile. Previously, the virtual head wave was shown as observable from ...


Sea Level, Tidal, And River Flow Trends In The Lower Columbia River Estuary, 1853-Present, Stefan Talke, Andrew Mahedy, David A. Jay, Patrick Lau, Conrad Hilley, Amanda Hudson Feb 2020

Sea Level, Tidal, And River Flow Trends In The Lower Columbia River Estuary, 1853-Present, Stefan Talke, Andrew Mahedy, David A. Jay, Patrick Lau, Conrad Hilley, Amanda Hudson

Civil and Environmental Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Few tidal records are available pre-1900 for the Pacific Ocean. We improve data coverage by recovering historical tabulations and digitizing analog tide rolls from Astoria, Oregon for 1853-1876. Nearly 13,500 overlapping images of tides from 1855-1870 were digitized at a 6 minute resolution using a line-finding algorithm. Available hourly and high/low tabulations were also digitized, as were nearby hourly records from 1933-1943. Uncertainty was assessed by evaluating manual staff measurements, historical documents, and leveling surveys. Results suggest that uncertainty in mean sea level varies from ± 0.07m (early 1850s) to ± 0.03m (1867-1876) and is driven primarily by ...


Improved Estimation For Saleh Model And Predistortion Of Power Amplifiers Using 1-Db Compression Point, Haider Al Kanan, Xianzhen Yang, Fu Li Jan 2020

Improved Estimation For Saleh Model And Predistortion Of Power Amplifiers Using 1-Db Compression Point, Haider Al Kanan, Xianzhen Yang, Fu Li

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper proposes an improved estimation approach for modelling RF power amplifiers (PAs) using the Saleh behavioural model. The proposed approach is appropriate for solid-state PA technologies. The 1-dB compression point of the PA is included in the estimation approach to improve the estimation of the Saleh coefficients. Thus, expressions are derived to describe the relationship between the parameters of the Saleh model and the manufacturing specifications of PAs: gain (G), third-order intercept point (IP3) and 1-dB compression point (P1dB). This method is a simple estimation of a memoryless amplitude-to-amplitude (AM/AM) nonlinearity to benefit RF designers evaluating ...


A Polarity-Based Approach For Optimization Of Multivalued Quantum Multiplexers With Arbitrary Single-Qubit Target Gates, Kevin Jin, Tahsin Soffat, Justin Morgan, Marek Perkowski Jan 2020

A Polarity-Based Approach For Optimization Of Multivalued Quantum Multiplexers With Arbitrary Single-Qubit Target Gates, Kevin Jin, Tahsin Soffat, Justin Morgan, Marek Perkowski

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Previous work has provided methods for decomposing unitary matrices to series of quantum multiplexers, but the multiplexer circuits created in this way may be highly non-minimal. This paper presents a new approach for optimizing quantum multiplexers with arbitrary single-qubit quantum target functions and ternary controls. For multivalued quantum multiplexers, we define standard forms and two types of new forms: Fixed Polarity Quantum Forms (FPQFs) and Kronecker Quantum Forms (KQFs). Drawing inspiration from the usage of butterfly diagrams, we devise a method to exhaustively construct new forms. In contrast to previous butterfly-based methods, which are used with classical Boolean functions, these ...


Optimization Model For Project Manager Assignments, Neeti Verma, Poonam Ganoskar, Pallavi Gusain, Thanvi Vemulapally, Sai Kalyan, Bala Krishnamoorthy, Sai Kalyan Krishna Gali Jan 2020

Optimization Model For Project Manager Assignments, Neeti Verma, Poonam Ganoskar, Pallavi Gusain, Thanvi Vemulapally, Sai Kalyan, Bala Krishnamoorthy, Sai Kalyan Krishna Gali

Engineering and Technology Management Student Projects

The main objective of every project in an organization is to maximize its profit. This maximization of profit can be achieved through proper allocation of project managers to projects in an organization. But assigning a project to a project manager is still considered a difficult issue and is not yet fully addressed in the literature. However, in high-tech industries various project assignment methodologies are used to assign project managers to multiple projects and reassignment during new-product development projects. The aim of the optimization model created in this project is to develop a framework for project assignments to project managers including ...


Project Management Assignment Tool Using R And Shiny, Ben Stewart, Hoseok Jung, Moses Rawar Jan 2020

Project Management Assignment Tool Using R And Shiny, Ben Stewart, Hoseok Jung, Moses Rawar

Engineering and Technology Management Student Projects

Linear programs such as the R markdown language play an important role in helping to find an optimized solution in various fields of society. This area extends from the optimal distribution channels of coffee shops, which are closely related to our lives, to very important areas such as the deployment of military forces. Through this paper, we will try to find ways to maximize the efficiency and performance of a company by properly allocating project managers suitable for the projects performed by each company according to their capabilities and the requirements of the projects.


Toilet Alarms: A Novel Application Of Latrine Sensors And Machine Learning For Optimizing Sanitation Services In Informal Settlements, Phillip Nicholas Turman-Bryant, Taylor Sharpe, Corey L. Nagel, Lauren Stover, Evan A. Thomas Jan 2020

Toilet Alarms: A Novel Application Of Latrine Sensors And Machine Learning For Optimizing Sanitation Services In Informal Settlements, Phillip Nicholas Turman-Bryant, Taylor Sharpe, Corey L. Nagel, Lauren Stover, Evan A. Thomas

Systems Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

The cost-effectiveness and reliability of waste collection services in informal settlements can be difficult to optimize given the geospatial and temporal variability of latrine use. Daily servicing to avoid overflow events is inefficient, but dynamic scheduling of latrine servicing could reduce costs by providing just-in-time servicing for latrines. This study used cellular-connected motion sensors and machine learning to dynamically predict when daily latrine servicing could be skipped with a low risk of overflow. Sensors monitored daily latrine activity, and enumerators collected solid and liquid waste weight data. Given the complex relationship between latrine use and the need for servicing, an ...


Hot Deformation Data For Haynes 214, Haynes 230 And Inconel 740h, Benjamin Adam, Julie Tucker, Graham Tewksbury Jan 2020

Hot Deformation Data For Haynes 214, Haynes 230 And Inconel 740h, Benjamin Adam, Julie Tucker, Graham Tewksbury

Mechanical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

This article presents the datasets gathered for the hot processing of three Ni-based superalloys intended for A-USC application, Haynes 214, Haynes 230 and Inconel 740H. Isothermal compression tests were conducted with a Gleeble 3500 at temperatures between 1000 C and 1200 C and strain rates between 0.01/s and 1/s to a full true strain of 0.7. The obtained true stress-true strain curves were used as basis for hot processing maps, linking temperature, stress and strain rate. Subsequently, all samples were sectioned through the geometric centre to provide microstructural information, captured using EBSD, as well as EDX ...


Ten Questions Concerning The Implications Of Carpet On Indoor Chemistry And Microbiology, Sarah R, Haines, Rachel I. Adams, Brandon E. Boor, Thomas A. Bruton, John Downey, Andrea R. Ferro, Elliott Gall, Brett J. Green, Bridget Hegarty, Elliott Horner, Multiple Additional Authors Jan 2020

Ten Questions Concerning The Implications Of Carpet On Indoor Chemistry And Microbiology, Sarah R, Haines, Rachel I. Adams, Brandon E. Boor, Thomas A. Bruton, John Downey, Andrea R. Ferro, Elliott Gall, Brett J. Green, Bridget Hegarty, Elliott Horner, Multiple Additional Authors

Mechanical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Carpet and rugs currently represent about half of the United States flooring market and offer many benefits as a flooring type. How carpets influence our exposure to both microorganisms and chemicals in indoor environments has important health implications but is not well understood. The goal of this manuscript is to consolidate what is known about how carpet impacts indoor chemistry and microbiology, as well as to identify the important research gaps that remain. After describing the current use of carpet indoors, questions focus on five specific areas: 1) indoor chemistry, 2) indoor microbiology, 3) resuspension and exposure, 4) current practices ...


Detailed Energy Efficiency Strategies For Converting An Existing Office Building To Nzeb: A Case Study In The Pacific Northwest, Ali Alajmi, Abby Short, Janna Ferguson, Kalina K. Vander Poel, Corey T. Griffin Jan 2020

Detailed Energy Efficiency Strategies For Converting An Existing Office Building To Nzeb: A Case Study In The Pacific Northwest, Ali Alajmi, Abby Short, Janna Ferguson, Kalina K. Vander Poel, Corey T. Griffin

Mechanical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper is an attempt to identify a methodology for converting conventional energy consumption buildings to net-zero energy buildings (NZEB). The first step was rather different from the usual energy audit, which is to analyze a facility’s energy consumptions from both macro- and micro-scales. To implement such an approach, a governmental office building (Metro) in Portland, OR, was chosen as a case study. After a building model was validated against a real measurement, it was then used to evaluate different energy efficiency strategies (EESs) so as to reduce the energy consumption. The EESs showed a reduction in energy use ...