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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Biomaterials For Bone Regeneration, Youqu Shen Jan 2019

Biomaterials For Bone Regeneration, Youqu Shen

Doctoral Dissertations

"The purpose of this Ph.D. research is to investigate and improve two classes of hydroxyapatite (HA)-based biomaterials for bone repair: calcium phosphate microspheres and bioactive silicate glass scaffolds. These biomaterials were prepared with modified compositions and microstructures and then were evaluated for bone regeneration.

The open HA microspheres with dense convex surfaces and rough and porous concave surfaces were obtained by sectioning closed hollow HA microspheres. Bone regeneration with the open HA microspheres was greater than with the closed HA microsphere at 12 weeks. Hollow biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) microspheres have been prepared with different fractions of HA ...


Bioactivity/Cytotoxicity Of Micro-/Nano-Materials And Novel Development Of Fiber-Optic Probes For Single Cell Monitoring, Qingbo Yang Jan 2016

Bioactivity/Cytotoxicity Of Micro-/Nano-Materials And Novel Development Of Fiber-Optic Probes For Single Cell Monitoring, Qingbo Yang

Doctoral Dissertations

"Manufactured nano-/micro-materials (MNMs) have been widely used and their interactions with niche biological environment are highly concerned for both of their biohazardous and bioactive effects, whereas no available comprehensive evaluations or regulations have been provided yet. This dissertation thus focuses on three major aspects: 1) fundamental toxicity understandings of a typical MNMs (zinc oxide nanoparticles), 2) bioactivity evaluations of representative bioactive MNMs, and 3) development of novel micro-probes for high spatial resolution monitoring. Firstly, the NP's concentration, irradiation, hydrodynamic size, and the localized pH, ionic strength, NP zeta-potential as well as dissolved oxygen levels were found correlated with ...


Selective Laser Sintering Of Bioactive Glass Scaffolds And Their Biological Assessment For Bone Repair, Krishna C. R. Kolan Jan 2015

Selective Laser Sintering Of Bioactive Glass Scaffolds And Their Biological Assessment For Bone Repair, Krishna C. R. Kolan

Doctoral Dissertations

"Bone scaffold fabrication using powder-bed based additive manufacturing techniques, like the selective laser sintering (SLS) process, provides control over pore interconnectivity, pore geometry, and the overall shape of the scaffold, which aids in repairing different regions of the bone. The main objectives of this dissertation were to develop bioactive glass (BG) scaffolds using the SLS process and evaluate the scaffolds for their effectiveness in bone repair both in vitro and in vivo. 13-93 glass, a silicate based BG, and 13-93B3 glass, a borate based BG, are designed to accelerate the body's natural ability to heal itself and are used ...