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Missouri University of Science and Technology

Doctoral Dissertations

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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Microgrid Design, Control, And Performance Evaluation For Sustainable Energy Management In Manufacturing, Md. Monirul Islam Jan 2020

Microgrid Design, Control, And Performance Evaluation For Sustainable Energy Management In Manufacturing, Md. Monirul Islam

Doctoral Dissertations

"This research studies the capacity sizing, control strategies, and performance evaluation of the microgrids with hybrid renewable sources for manufacturing end use customers towards a distributed sustainable energy system paradigm. Microgrid technology has been widely investigated and applied in commercial and residential sector, while for manufacturers, it has been less explored and utilized. To fill the gap, the dissertation first proposes a cost-effective sizing model to identify the capacities as well as control strategies of the components in microgrids considering a commonly used energy tariff, i.e., Time of Use (TOU). Then, the sizing model is extended by integrating control ...


Exploring Wellbore And Reservoir Temperature Profiles In Fluid Circulation And Production Operations, Ahmed Qasim Al Saedi Jan 2020

Exploring Wellbore And Reservoir Temperature Profiles In Fluid Circulation And Production Operations, Ahmed Qasim Al Saedi

Doctoral Dissertations

"The wellbore heat flow occurs during different well operations resulting from any temperature differences between the wellbore fluid and the adjacent formation. Understanding the direction and mechanism of heat flow whether it is conduction or convection help to represent this heat exchange mathematically. However, the only available factor used to understand the heat flow behavior is the measured wellbore temperature which can be obtained from the direct measurement while drilling or circulation operations, well logging, well test, or from the production operations. Also, the initial geothermal formation temperature resulting from the geothermal gradient will help to understand the undistributed formation ...


Geophysical Assessment Of The Lake Chesterfield Site, Missouri, Diya Ali Ahmad Alfuqara Jan 2020

Geophysical Assessment Of The Lake Chesterfield Site, Missouri, Diya Ali Ahmad Alfuqara

Doctoral Dissertations

"Since construction of the Lake Chesterfield, Missouri in 1986, significant leaks have occurred causing the lake to lose substantive volumes of water. Mitigation efforts, have not solved the problem. Indeed, in June of 2017, the water level in Lake Chesterfield dropped at an alarmingly rapid rate. Prior to authorizing additional mitigation work, the Lake Chesterfield. Home Owners Association (LCHOA) decided to acquire geophysical data across the drained and dry lake bed. These information would help a geotechnical engineering firm determine the most appropriate mitigation plan.

In the summer of 2018, electrical resistivity tomography, multichannel analysis of surface wave, and spontaneous-potential ...


Operation And Analysis Of High-Voltage-Gain Dc-Dc Converters With Voltage Multipliers, Mohammad Rashed M. Altimania Jan 2020

Operation And Analysis Of High-Voltage-Gain Dc-Dc Converters With Voltage Multipliers, Mohammad Rashed M. Altimania

Doctoral Dissertations

"This research analyzes and investigates the steady-state operations of four different high-voltage-gain step-up dc- dc converters to achieve a high gain. These topologies consist of a two-phase interleaved boost stage with three various voltage multiplier (VM) stages. The first stage of the first three topologies is the same, which is a two-phase interleaved boost stage implemented by using inductors. The first family used in this research is based on a modified Dickson charge pump voltage multiplier stage, and this family has been studied in discontinuous conduction mode (DCM). The second family relies on a non-inverting or inverting diode-capacitors voltage multiplier ...


Factors Impacting The Transport And Enhanced Oil Recovery Potential Of Polymeric Nanogel In Sandstone, Haifeng Ding Jan 2020

Factors Impacting The Transport And Enhanced Oil Recovery Potential Of Polymeric Nanogel In Sandstone, Haifeng Ding

Doctoral Dissertations

"Enhanced oil recovery (EOR) using nanometer-sized particles has drawn great attention in the oil industry because of their various advantages brought by size. However, their applications on a field scale are very limited, especially for deformable nanoparticles. The objective of this research is to explore the transport behavior of deformable polymeric nanoparticles (nanogel), the factors impacting these behavior, and their EOR potentials. First, 240 published nanoparticle core flooding experiment data were collected and analyzed about the extent to what the nanoparticles can improve oil recovery. Results show that on the laboratory scale the incremental oil recovery could be as high ...


Computational Model For Neural Architecture Search, Ram Deepak Gottapu Jan 2020

Computational Model For Neural Architecture Search, Ram Deepak Gottapu

Doctoral Dissertations

"A long-standing goal in Deep Learning (DL) research is to design efficient architectures for a given dataset that are both accurate and computationally inexpensive. At present, designing deep learning architectures for a real-world application requires both human expertise and considerable effort as they are either handcrafted by careful experimentation or modified from a handful of existing models. This method is inefficient as the process of architecture design is highly time-consuming and computationally expensive.

The research presents an approach to automate the process of deep learning architecture design through a modeling procedure. In particular, it first introduces a framework that treats ...


Observer-Based Event-Triggered And Set-Theoretic Neuro-Adaptive Controls For Constrained Uncertain Systems, Abdul Ghafoor Jan 2020

Observer-Based Event-Triggered And Set-Theoretic Neuro-Adaptive Controls For Constrained Uncertain Systems, Abdul Ghafoor

Doctoral Dissertations

"In this study, several new observer-based event-triggered and set-theoretic control schemes are presented to advance the state of the art in neuro-adaptive controls. In the first part, six new event-triggered neuro-adaptive control (ETNAC) schemes are presented for uncertain linear systems. These comprehensive designs offer flexibility to choose a design depending upon system performance requirements. Stability proofs for each scheme are presented and their performance is analyzed using benchmark examples. In the second part, the scope of the ETNAC is extended to uncertain nonlinear systems. It is applied to a case of precision formation flight of the microsatellites at the Sun-Earth ...


Characterization And Recyclability Of 304l Stainless Steel Powder For Use In The Selective Laser Melting Process, Austin Taylor Sutton Jan 2020

Characterization And Recyclability Of 304l Stainless Steel Powder For Use In The Selective Laser Melting Process, Austin Taylor Sutton

Doctoral Dissertations

"Powder-bed fusion refers to a subset of additive manufacturing (AM) methods which successively melts and solidifies selected regions within a powder bed on a layer-by-layer basis to construct components directly from computer-aided design files. Laser Powder-Bed Fusion (L-PBF) is a process among the powder-bed fusion techniques that utilizes a laser to consolidate particles into a material with little porosity. During the L-PBF process, the large energy input from the laser causes the production of ejecta in the form of laser spatter and condensate, both of which have the potential to settle in the surrounding powder bed compromising its reusability. In ...


Multi-Physics-Based Approach To Active Microwave Thermography, Seyed Ali Mirala Jan 2020

Multi-Physics-Based Approach To Active Microwave Thermography, Seyed Ali Mirala

Doctoral Dissertations

“The goal of this work is to advance a novel nondestructive testing (NDT) method for controlled, rapid, and effective inspection of a structure through the integration of microwave NDT and thermography, referred to as Active Microwave Thermography (AMT). In AMT, the structure under test is exposed to microwave radiation and the thermal profile of the structure is monitored via a thermal camera in order to obtain desired information regarding the structure. This new technique is applicable across a wide range of NDT needs including detection of voids, delamination, water ingress, debonding, and cracks in numerous structures such as carbon fiber ...


Imaging In Karst Terrain Using The Electrical Resistivity Tomography (Ert) And Multi-Channel Analysis Of Surface Waves (Masw) Methods, Hassan Abdullah Alzahrani Jan 2020

Imaging In Karst Terrain Using The Electrical Resistivity Tomography (Ert) And Multi-Channel Analysis Of Surface Waves (Masw) Methods, Hassan Abdullah Alzahrani

Doctoral Dissertations

"Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) and Multi-channel Analysis of Surface Waves (MASW) methods were used to image the subsurface in karst terrain in the southeast of Missouri. A SuperSting R8 system was used to acquire the ERT profiles; a multi-channel engineering seismograph was used to acquire the MASW data. The latter data were used to constrain and verify the ERT interpreted depth to top-of-rock and soil thickness. The ERT data were used to delineate the soil/rock interface and to identify zones of anomalously high moisture content within the bedrock.

The primary objective of the research was to determine the cause ...


Physical And Biological Factors Affecting Oxygen Transfer In The Activated Sludge Wastewater Treatment Process, Kenneth A. Campbell Jan 2020

Physical And Biological Factors Affecting Oxygen Transfer In The Activated Sludge Wastewater Treatment Process, Kenneth A. Campbell

Doctoral Dissertations

“The activated sludge (AS) process is widely utilized for wastewater treatment due to its versatility and general resiliency, but is energy intensive, requiring aeration and mixing energy inputs to maintain the biochemical reaction and optimize treatment performance. This study is focused on determining different factors that influence oxygen transfer and consequently its energy demand.

AS morphology, as described by the d10, d20, d32, specific filament length (SFL), 30 min settleability (SV30), etc., does influence the OTE. Filamentous organisms increase the hydrodynamic radius of suspended particles, which dilates mixed liquor apparent viscosity (µapp) and impedes mass ...


Evaluation Of The Performance Of Different Polymer Gel Systems As An In-Depth Gel Treatment Using Numerical Simulation, Tariq K. Khamees Jan 2020

Evaluation Of The Performance Of Different Polymer Gel Systems As An In-Depth Gel Treatment Using Numerical Simulation, Tariq K. Khamees

Doctoral Dissertations

"Oil production from heterogeneous and naturally fractured reservoirs are usually hindered due to the presence of high-permeability streaks and natural fractures networks. Oil production could be more lowered if there is a crossflow from the high- to the low-permeability layers and high mobility ratio. These problems are called conformance problems and the treatment is called conformance improvement technologies (CITs). The aims of CIT is to correct the heterogeneity of the reservoir and to lower the unfavorable mobility ratio. These technologies are leading to the diversion of post-treatment water into the low-permeability layers and to increase the viscosity of the displacing ...


Minimizing The Detrimental Effects Of Hydro-Peaking On Riverbank Instability: The Lower Osage River Case, Wesam Sameer Mohammed-Ali Jan 2020

Minimizing The Detrimental Effects Of Hydro-Peaking On Riverbank Instability: The Lower Osage River Case, Wesam Sameer Mohammed-Ali

Doctoral Dissertations

"The fluctuation of water level downstream from dams due to hydropower flow releases negatively affects the riverbank stability. Therefore, this research aims to examine the feasibility of using an optimization technique to mitigate the riverbank instability resulting from the outflow variation of hydropower plants. The effects of the water releases from the Bagnell Dam were investigated by computing a series of safety factors for 78 cross sections along the 81-mile stretch of the lower Osage River in relation to outflow events by using the integrated BSTEM model incorporated into the HEC-RAS model. The 1-D sediment transport and unsteady flow in ...


Frequency Selective Surface-Based Sensing: Theory And Applications, Mahboobeh Mahmoodi Jan 2020

Frequency Selective Surface-Based Sensing: Theory And Applications, Mahboobeh Mahmoodi

Doctoral Dissertations

"Frequency selective surfaces (FSS) are periodic arrays of resonant elements with a specific (resonant) reflection/transmission response when illuminated by electromagnetic energy. FSSs have been utilized for different applications such as spatial filters, reflectors, lenses, radomes, and more recently, as sensors. FSS-based sensors have shown potential for numerous applications in structural health monitoring such as crack detection, concurrent strain and temperature sensing, normal and shear strain sensing, inspection of layered structures, etc. As FSS-based sensing is largely undeveloped, there are many critical aspects that must be fully understood before this sensing approach can be fully utilized. Therefore, the goal of ...


Magnetic Control Of Transport Of Particles And Droplets In Low Reynolds Number Shear Flows, Jie Zhang Jan 2020

Magnetic Control Of Transport Of Particles And Droplets In Low Reynolds Number Shear Flows, Jie Zhang

Doctoral Dissertations

“Magnetic particles and droplets have been used in a wide range applications including biomedicine, biological analysis and chemical reaction. The manipulation of magnetic microparticles or microdroplets in microscale fluid environments is one of the most critical processes in the systems and platforms based on microfluidic technology. The conventional methods are based on magnetic forces to manipulate magnetic particles or droplets in a viscous fluid.

In contrast to conventional magnetic separation method, several recent experimental and theoretical studies have demonstrated a different way to manipulate magnetic non-spherical particles by using a uniform magnetic field in the microchannel. However, the fundamental mechanism ...


Geo-Engineered Induced Seismicity And The Effects On Federal Infrastructure, Merissa L. Zuzulock Jan 2020

Geo-Engineered Induced Seismicity And The Effects On Federal Infrastructure, Merissa L. Zuzulock

Doctoral Dissertations

“The study of human-induced seismicity and the effects on civil engineering systems are not completely understood or often studied. Moreover, existing studies are focused on the cause of the seismicity and not on the potential damage to infrastructure from these seismic events. There are recent studies that are beginning to focus on shallow induced seismic activity and the effects on infrastructure by establishing innovative ways to quantify that damage. These studies that focus on the potential damage neglect to included considerations for small magnitude cluster events. As geo-induced seismic events increase, soil fatigue becomes of greater concern to structures within ...


Characterization Of Neutron Irradiated Accident Tolerant Nuclear Fuel Cladding Silicon Carbide & Radiation Detector Deadtime, Bader Almutairi Jan 2020

Characterization Of Neutron Irradiated Accident Tolerant Nuclear Fuel Cladding Silicon Carbide & Radiation Detector Deadtime, Bader Almutairi

Doctoral Dissertations

“In part I, the pulse shape characteristics generated by a Geiger Muller (GM) detector and recorded by an oscilloscope manually, were investigated. The objective of part I was (1) to find a correlation between pulse shape and the operating voltage; and (2) to assess if pulse shape properties followed distinct patterns comparable to detector deadtime findings reported by a previous study. It was observed that (1) there is a strong correlation between pulse shape and operating voltage, and (2) pulse shape falls in three distinct regions similar to detector deadtime. Furthermore, parts II and III are companions and share the ...


Modeling A Nuclear Research Reactor And Radiation Dose Estimation In An Accident Scenario, Abdulaleem Abdulmajeed Bugis Jan 2020

Modeling A Nuclear Research Reactor And Radiation Dose Estimation In An Accident Scenario, Abdulaleem Abdulmajeed Bugis

Doctoral Dissertations

“A detailed, flexible three-dimensional (3D) model of the Missouri S&T Reactor (MSTR) with a heterogeneous core geometry was developed using the Standardized Computer Analyses for Licensing Evaluation (SCALE). A Graphical User Interface (GUI) was developed for SCALE, which allows the user to generate an input file automatically. The SCALE model was validated with a Monte Carlo N-Particle Transport (MCNP) model of the MSTR. The validation process was based on the criticality calculations using the Criticality Safety Analysis Sequence (CSAS6). Three geometrical models were examined. The SCALE model that has the full detailed geometry showed a good agreement with the ...


Investigating The Factors Impacting The Success Of Immiscible Carbon Dioxide Injection In Unconventional Shale Reservoirs: An Experimental Study, Sherif M. Fakher Jan 2020

Investigating The Factors Impacting The Success Of Immiscible Carbon Dioxide Injection In Unconventional Shale Reservoirs: An Experimental Study, Sherif M. Fakher

Doctoral Dissertations

"Unconventional shale reservoirs are currently gaining significant interest due to the huge hydrocarbon volumes that they bear. Enhanced oil recovery (EOR) techniques have been suggested to increase recovery from shale reservoirs. One of the most promising EOR methods is gas EOR (GEOR), most notably carbon dioxide (CO2). Not only can CO2 increase oil recovery by interacting with the oil and the shale, but it has also been shown to adsorb to the shale rock and thus is effective in both EOR applications and also carbon storage purposes. This research aims to experimentally investigate several of the interactions that ...


The Combined Toxic Effect Of Nanoparticles And Lead In The Presence Of Algae (Raphidocelis), Xuesong Liu Jan 2020

The Combined Toxic Effect Of Nanoparticles And Lead In The Presence Of Algae (Raphidocelis), Xuesong Liu

Doctoral Dissertations

"The elevated toxicity of toxic metals in the presence of nanoparticles (NPs) has raised significant concerns on the NP environmental safety. This research focuses on the impact of environmental conditions, specifically algae, on this type of toxicity. An indicator aquatic organism, Ceriodaphnia dubia (C. dubia), was used to examine the combined toxicity and toxicity mitigation from algae by monitoring its 24-h mortality. Four papers are included in this research, which focus on four aspects of the combined toxicity and the corresponding algae (Raphidocelis) impact. The first paper examines the algae impact on the combined toxicity of lead (Pb) and nano-TiO ...


Novel Approaches For Reliable And Efficient Circuit Design, Prashanthi Metku Jan 2020

Novel Approaches For Reliable And Efficient Circuit Design, Prashanthi Metku

Doctoral Dissertations

"In this research work, a suite of approaches are presented to improve reliability of 3D heterogeneous processors (3DHP) and to reduce the area overhead of asynchronous designs. This work is primarily divided into two parts. In the first part, we present an approach for improving reliability in 3DHP. Typically, in 3DHP, thermal hotspots introduce spatial and temporal variability that results in wide bit error variation in DRAM dies. To address this issue multi- path BCH decoder is introduced. Based on the thermal gradient data generated by on-chip temperature sensors, the proposed methodology specializes in adaptively estimating the number of errors ...


Strengthening Qc Relaxations Of Optimal Power Flow Problems By Exploiting Various Coordinate Changes, Mohammad Rasoul Narimani Jan 2020

Strengthening Qc Relaxations Of Optimal Power Flow Problems By Exploiting Various Coordinate Changes, Mohammad Rasoul Narimani

Doctoral Dissertations

"Motivated by the potential for improvements in electric power system economics, this dissertation studies the AC optimal power flow (AC OPF) problem. An AC OPF problem optimizes a specified objective function subject to constraints imposed by both the non-linear power flow equations and engineering limits. The difficulty of an AC OPF problem is strongly connected to its feasible space's characteristics. This dissertation first investigates causes of nonconvexities in AC OPF problems. Understanding typical causes of nonconvexities is helpful for improving AC OPF solution methodologies.

This dissertation next focuses on solution methods for AC OPF problems that are based on ...


Experimental And Modeling Studies Using Packed Bed Reactors: Liquid Phase Ethylene Production By Hydrogenation Of Acetylene, Humayun Shariff Jan 2020

Experimental And Modeling Studies Using Packed Bed Reactors: Liquid Phase Ethylene Production By Hydrogenation Of Acetylene, Humayun Shariff

Doctoral Dissertations

"Gas-phase catalytic hydrogenation of acetylene to produce ethylene, commonly practiced in industries, has green oil formation, which leads to catalyst deactivation and sometimes reactor runaway risks due to high exothermicity. To overcome these issues as well as to increase the selectivity and conversion, liquid-phase hydrogenation of acetylene was investigated in packed bed reactors (PBR) using a commercial catalyst. The reactor performance of two-phase flow PBRs was assessed experimentally complemented by a validated mathematical model at different scales.

The selective hydrogenation of acetylene in the liquid phase over a commercial 0.5 wt% Pd/Al2O3 catalyst was investigated ...


Design Of X-Ray Source For Real-Time Computed Tomography, Wesley William Tucker Jan 2020

Design Of X-Ray Source For Real-Time Computed Tomography, Wesley William Tucker

Doctoral Dissertations

"The reduction of motion blur in computed tomography (CT) drives the current research for multisource CT. Due to their compact nature, the current multisource systems utilize stationary angled anodes. Unfortunately, these configurations neither simplify the imaging geometry, nor satisfy the need for managing the high thermal loads demanded by real-time CT (30 acquisition frames per second). To add to the current field of knowledge, two x-ray tube concepts are presented in this dissertation. First, a simulation of transient thermal analysis was performed on a compact transmission-type x-ray tube anode operating in pulse-mode. A correlation was found between deposited beam power ...


Impact Of Turbulence Models And Shape Parameterization On Robust Aerodynamic Shape Optimization, Aslihan Vuruskan Jan 2020

Impact Of Turbulence Models And Shape Parameterization On Robust Aerodynamic Shape Optimization, Aslihan Vuruskan

Doctoral Dissertations

"Aerodynamic design optimization is typically performed at fixed flight conditions, without considering the variation and uncertainty in operating conditions. The objective of robust aerodynamic optimization is to design an aerodynamic configuration, which will keep its optimum performance under varying conditions such as the speed of aircraft. The primary goal of this study was to investigate the impact of turbulence models used in RANS simulations on the 2-D airfoil and 3-D wing designs obtained with gradient-based deterministic and robust optimization in transonic, viscous, turbulent flows. The main contribution of this research to the aerodynamic design area was to quantify the impact ...


Experimental Investigation Of Ionic Liquid Mixtures For Electrospray Propulsion, Mitchell J. Wainwright Jan 2020

Experimental Investigation Of Ionic Liquid Mixtures For Electrospray Propulsion, Mitchell J. Wainwright

Doctoral Dissertations

"In recent years, there has been a dramatic increase in the number of small satellites (namely MicroSats, NanoSats, and CubeSats) in earth orbit; many of these are launched without propulsion systems. Multi-mode propulsion systems, capable of operating in either chemical or electric mode, have been proposed as attractive candidates for use in small satellites. Such systems are mass and volume optimal and flexible in terms of thrust requirements. Most previous work on multi-mode systems has focused on chemical mode performance.The work in this dissertation focuses on the electric mode performance of these propulsion systems.

The work in this research ...


System Si/Pi Modeling And Analysis, Biyao Zhao Jan 2020

System Si/Pi Modeling And Analysis, Biyao Zhao

Doctoral Dissertations

"A physics-based circuit modeling methodology for 3D IC/packages is proposed here. The method is based on partial element equivalent circuit (PEEC) and layered Green's function (LGF). The LGFs are calculated from discrete complex image method (DCIM) with three terms, direct coupling, complex images, and surface wave, extracted to analyze the wave behavior. The dominate terms for LGFs are analyzed for four stack-ups in 3D IC/packages. Analytical formulas that include the contribution of complex images are proposed for partial capacitance calculation, with the complex image extracted from LGFs. A chip PDN geometry is used to illustrate the use ...


Trajectory Control Of A Wheeled Robot Using Interaction Forces For Intuitive Overground Human-Robot Interaction, George Leno Holmes Jr. Jan 2020

Trajectory Control Of A Wheeled Robot Using Interaction Forces For Intuitive Overground Human-Robot Interaction, George Leno Holmes Jr.

Doctoral Dissertations

"Effective and intuitive physical human robot interaction (pHRI) requires an understanding of how humans communicate movement intentions with one another. It has been suggested that humans can guide another human by hand through complex tasks using force information only. However, no clear and applicable paradigm has been set forth to understand these relationships. While the human partner can readily understand and adhere to this expectation, it would be difficult for anyone to explain their intuitive motions with strict rules, algorithms, or steps. Uncovering such a procedural framework for the control of robotic systems to execute expected performance simply from force ...


Polymeric Nanoparticle As A New Platform For High Removal Of Endotoxins From Biopharmaceutical Solutions, Sidharth Razdan Jan 2020

Polymeric Nanoparticle As A New Platform For High Removal Of Endotoxins From Biopharmaceutical Solutions, Sidharth Razdan

Doctoral Dissertations

"Presently, approximately one-third of all biopharmaceutical drugs are derived from biological sources like gram-negative bacteria. Gram-negative bacteria like E.coli are much cheaper to cultivate and provide higher biotherapeutic yield compared to mammalian cells. On extracting the useful biotherapeutics from the gram-negative bacterial cells (E.coli), endotoxin present in the bacteria is released in the surrounding media thus contaminating the lifesaving biotherapeutics. Application of the endotoxin-contaminated therapeutics to humans or animals can cause serious health issues like septic shock, tissue injury and ultimately death. Hence, thorough purification of biotherapeutics before parenteral application is necessary. Although there are multiple methods for ...


An Integrated Wellbore Stability Study To Mitigate Expensive Wellbore Instability Problems While Drilling Into Zubair Shale/Sand Sequence, Southern Iraq, Ahmed Khudhair Abbas Jan 2020

An Integrated Wellbore Stability Study To Mitigate Expensive Wellbore Instability Problems While Drilling Into Zubair Shale/Sand Sequence, Southern Iraq, Ahmed Khudhair Abbas

Doctoral Dissertations

”The Zubair Formation is the most prolific reservoir in Iraq, which is comprised of sandstones interbedded with shale sequences. Due to the weak nature of the shale sequence, the instability of a wellbore is one of the most critical challenges that continuously appears during drilling across this formation. Historically, over 90% of wellbore problems in the Zubair Formation were due to wellbore instability. Problems associated with wellbore instability, such as tight hole, shale caving, stuck logging tools along with subsequent fishing, stuck pipe, and sidetracking result in increasing the non-productive time. This non-productive time has cost an enormous amount of ...