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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

The Role Of Eddies Inside Pores In The Transition From Darcy To Forchheimer Flows, Kuldeep Chaudhary, M. Bayani Cardenas, Wen Deng, Philip C. Bennett Dec 2011

The Role Of Eddies Inside Pores In The Transition From Darcy To Forchheimer Flows, Kuldeep Chaudhary, M. Bayani Cardenas, Wen Deng, Philip C. Bennett

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

We studied the role of intra-pore eddies, from viscous to inertial flows, in modifying continuum-scale flow inside pores. Flow regimes spanning Reynolds Number Re ∼ 0 to 1350 are divided into three zones - one zone follows Darcy flow, and the other two zones describe non-Darcy or Forchheimer flow. During viscous flows, i.e., Re < 1, stationary eddies occupy about 1/5 of the pore volume. Eddies grow when Re > 1, and their growth leads to the deviation from Darcy's law and the emergence of Forchheimer flow manifested as a characteristic reduction in the apparent hydraulic conductivity Ka. The reduction in Ka is due to the narrowing of the flow channel which is a ...


Regeneration Of Carbon Aerogel Exhausted In Water Purification, Sanjay Tewari Dec 2011

Regeneration Of Carbon Aerogel Exhausted In Water Purification, Sanjay Tewari

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Carbon has been used electrochemically in various forms for water treatment and the carbon aerogel is one of them. Carbon Aerogels (CA) are used as electrodes due to their high surface capacity and high electrical conductivity. They are also known as Carbon Nanofoams (CNF). CA electrodes attract oppositely charged ions that are nearby. This concept is known as Capacitive De-Ionization (CDI). The use of CA in CDI for water purification is well documented, but not much work has been done on regeneration of CA electrodes. Once saturated, these electrodes lose their ability to adsorb additional ions and it must be ...


Post-Earthquake Reconnaissance Report On Transportation Infrastructure Impact Of The February 27, 2010, Offshore Maule Earthquake In Chile, Wen-Huei Phillip Yen, Genda Chen, Ian G. Buckle, Tony M. Allen, Daniel E. Alzamora, Jeffrey Ger, Juan G. Arias Oct 2011

Post-Earthquake Reconnaissance Report On Transportation Infrastructure Impact Of The February 27, 2010, Offshore Maule Earthquake In Chile, Wen-Huei Phillip Yen, Genda Chen, Ian G. Buckle, Tony M. Allen, Daniel E. Alzamora, Jeffrey Ger, Juan G. Arias

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

This report documents the findings and lessons learned from the February 27, 2010, M8.8 offshore Maule earthquake in Chile. Fewer than 0.15 percent of the bridges in Chile's inventory, most built after 1995, collapsed or suffered damage that rendered them useless. Many spans of precast prestressed discontinuous girder bridges with continuous decks fell off their supports, probably due to significant in-plane rotation of the superstructure as a result of severe shaking. Lateral steel stoppers used to provide both vertical and lateral restraints on girders were largely unsuccessful due to their inadequate connection detail to cap beams and ...


China Earthquake Reconnaissance Report: Performance Of Transportation Structures During The May 12, 2008, M7.9 Wenchuan Earthquake, Wen-Huei Phillip Yen, Genda Chen, Mark Yashinski, Youssef M.A. Hashash, Curtis J. Holub, Kehai Wang, Xiaodong Guo Oct 2011

China Earthquake Reconnaissance Report: Performance Of Transportation Structures During The May 12, 2008, M7.9 Wenchuan Earthquake, Wen-Huei Phillip Yen, Genda Chen, Mark Yashinski, Youssef M.A. Hashash, Curtis J. Holub, Kehai Wang, Xiaodong Guo

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

This report documents the lessons learned from damage caused in the May 12, 2008, M7.9 earthquake in Wenchuan County, China. The damage to the 14 observed bridges reminded the researchers of damage suffered during the 1971 San Fernando Earthquake in California. The bridges had few seismic details such as long seats, large shear keys, or tightly spaced transverse reinforcement. Most arch and girder bridges collapsed due to surface rupturing of the seismic faults in the Longmen-Shan thrust zone. A significant portion of roadways and bridges were pushed away or buried by landslides in the steep slopes of mountainous terrain ...


The Effect Of On-Line Videos On Learner Outcomes In A Mechanics Of Materials Course, Jeffery S. Thomas, Richard H. Hall, Timothy A. Philpot, Douglas R. Carroll Jun 2011

The Effect Of On-Line Videos On Learner Outcomes In A Mechanics Of Materials Course, Jeffery S. Thomas, Richard H. Hall, Timothy A. Philpot, Douglas R. Carroll

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The Mechanics of Materials course is one of the core engineering courses included in the curriculum of mechanical, civil, mining, petroleum, marine, aeronautical, and several other engineering disciplines. As a core course, the Mechanics of Materials course typically has large enrollment. Initiatives aimed at improving the effectiveness of the engineering core courses can have a major impact on engineering education by virtue of the large number of students affected.

Computers afford opportunities for creative instructional activities that are not possible in the traditional lecture-and-textbook class format. The study described in this paper examines the effectiveness of asynchronous online video that ...


Comparative Fecal Metagenomics Unveils Unique Functional Capacity Of The Swine Gut, Regina Lamendella, Jorge W. Santo Domingo, Shreya Ghosh, John Martinson, Daniel B. Oerther May 2011

Comparative Fecal Metagenomics Unveils Unique Functional Capacity Of The Swine Gut, Regina Lamendella, Jorge W. Santo Domingo, Shreya Ghosh, John Martinson, Daniel B. Oerther

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Background: Uncovering the taxonomic composition and functional capacity within the swine gut microbial consortia is of great importance to animal physiology and health as well as to food and water safety due to the presence of human pathogens in pig feces. Nonetheless, limited information on the functional diversity of the swine gut microbiome is available. Results: Analysis of 637, 722 pyrosequencing reads (130 megabases) generated from Yorkshire pig fecal DNA extracts was performed to help better understand the microbial diversity and largely unknown functional capacity of the swine gut microbiome. Swine fecal metagenomic sequences were annotated using both MG-RAST and ...


Calibration Of Load And Resistance Factors In Lrfd Foundation Design Specifications, Zuocai Wang, Genda Chen, Oh-Sung Kwon, Sarah Orton Feb 2011

Calibration Of Load And Resistance Factors In Lrfd Foundation Design Specifications, Zuocai Wang, Genda Chen, Oh-Sung Kwon, Sarah Orton

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

This report summarizes the findings and recommendations on the impact of foundation settlements on the reliability of bridge superstructures. As a collaborative effort of an overall initiative for the development of LRFD foundation design specifications, this study is focused on the investigatio of pros and cons for including foundation settlements in bridge designs under gravity loads. Settlement was modeled both probabilistically and deterministically. In the case of a random settlement variable, a lognormal distribution was used in reliability analysis with a fixed coefficient of variation of 0.25. Dead and live loads were modeled as random variables with normal and ...