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Missouri University of Science and Technology

Nuclear Engineering

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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Analysis Of Energy Economy In Muon Catalyzed Fusion Considering External X-Ray Reactivation, Nishant Raghav Pillai Jan 2020

Analysis Of Energy Economy In Muon Catalyzed Fusion Considering External X-Ray Reactivation, Nishant Raghav Pillai

Masters Theses

"An analysis of the energy economy of a theoretical muon-catalyzed nuclear fusion system has been made by invoking the use of point kinetic equations, Monte Carlo radiation transport simulations, and from a review of existing literature on muon-catalyzed fusion. An external X-ray reactivation source is proposed as a novel way to increase the number of fusions per muon and thereby overcome the so-called alpha sticking problem that has long been considered the primary impediment to breakeven muon-catalyzed fusion power. Free electron lasers, synchrotrons and Wakefield accelerators are discussed as possible bright X-ray photon sources. The addition of an intense external ...


Characterization Of Neutron Irradiated Accident Tolerant Nuclear Fuel Cladding Silicon Carbide & Radiation Detector Deadtime, Bader Almutairi Jan 2020

Characterization Of Neutron Irradiated Accident Tolerant Nuclear Fuel Cladding Silicon Carbide & Radiation Detector Deadtime, Bader Almutairi

Doctoral Dissertations

“In part I, the pulse shape characteristics generated by a Geiger Muller (GM) detector and recorded by an oscilloscope manually, were investigated. The objective of part I was (1) to find a correlation between pulse shape and the operating voltage; and (2) to assess if pulse shape properties followed distinct patterns comparable to detector deadtime findings reported by a previous study. It was observed that (1) there is a strong correlation between pulse shape and operating voltage, and (2) pulse shape falls in three distinct regions similar to detector deadtime. Furthermore, parts II and III are companions and share the ...


Modeling A Nuclear Research Reactor And Radiation Dose Estimation In An Accident Scenario, Abdulaleem Abdulmajeed Bugis Jan 2020

Modeling A Nuclear Research Reactor And Radiation Dose Estimation In An Accident Scenario, Abdulaleem Abdulmajeed Bugis

Doctoral Dissertations

“A detailed, flexible three-dimensional (3D) model of the Missouri S&T Reactor (MSTR) with a heterogeneous core geometry was developed using the Standardized Computer Analyses for Licensing Evaluation (SCALE). A Graphical User Interface (GUI) was developed for SCALE, which allows the user to generate an input file automatically. The SCALE model was validated with a Monte Carlo N-Particle Transport (MCNP) model of the MSTR. The validation process was based on the criticality calculations using the Criticality Safety Analysis Sequence (CSAS6). Three geometrical models were examined. The SCALE model that has the full detailed geometry showed a good agreement with the ...


Design Of X-Ray Source For Real-Time Computed Tomography, Wesley William Tucker Jan 2020

Design Of X-Ray Source For Real-Time Computed Tomography, Wesley William Tucker

Doctoral Dissertations

"The reduction of motion blur in computed tomography (CT) drives the current research for multisource CT. Due to their compact nature, the current multisource systems utilize stationary angled anodes. Unfortunately, these configurations neither simplify the imaging geometry, nor satisfy the need for managing the high thermal loads demanded by real-time CT (30 acquisition frames per second). To add to the current field of knowledge, two x-ray tube concepts are presented in this dissertation. First, a simulation of transient thermal analysis was performed on a compact transmission-type x-ray tube anode operating in pulse-mode. A correlation was found between deposited beam power ...


Methods Of Use And Manufacture Of Silver-Doped, Nano-Porous Hydroxyapatite, Cheol-Woon Kim, Richard K. Brow Jul 2019

Methods Of Use And Manufacture Of Silver-Doped, Nano-Porous Hydroxyapatite, Cheol-Woon Kim, Richard K. Brow

Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science Faculty Research & Creative Works

A silver-doped, nano-porous hydroxyapatite material is provided that can be utilized to capture radioactive iodine, 129I. Methods of using the silver-doped, nano-porous hydroxyapatite material to remove radioactive iodine, and methods of manufacturing the material are also provided.


The Blue Emission At 2.8 Ev In Strontium Titanate: Evidence For A Radiative Transition Of Self-Trapped Excitons From Unbound States, Miguel L. Crespillo, Joseph T. Graham, Fernando Agullo-Lopez, Y. Zhang, William J. Weber Jul 2019

The Blue Emission At 2.8 Ev In Strontium Titanate: Evidence For A Radiative Transition Of Self-Trapped Excitons From Unbound States, Miguel L. Crespillo, Joseph T. Graham, Fernando Agullo-Lopez, Y. Zhang, William J. Weber

Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science Faculty Research & Creative Works

The origin of the blue emission in SrTiO3 has been investigated as a function of irradiation fluence, electronic excitation density, and temperature using a range of ion energies and masses. The emission clearly does not show correlation with the concentration of vacancies generated by irradiation but is greatly enhanced under heavy-ion irradiation. The intensity ratio of the 2.8 and 2.5 eV bands is independent of fluence at all temperatures, but it increases with excitation rate. The 2.8 eV emission is proposed to correspond to a transition from conduction band states to the ground state level of ...


Achieving High-Power Configuration In Missouri S&T Reactor (Mstr) For Potential Uprate, Thaqal Alhuzaymi, Ayodeji Babatunde Alajo Jun 2019

Achieving High-Power Configuration In Missouri S&T Reactor (Mstr) For Potential Uprate, Thaqal Alhuzaymi, Ayodeji Babatunde Alajo

Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science Faculty Research & Creative Works

Research reactor is a powerful tool because of its wide contribution, almost to each field of science. It’s considered to be an essential element for advancing research, development and improvement in nuclear industry. The main goal of research reactor is to produce neutrons which are beneficially used for a wide range of applications such as industrial, agricultural, medical, etc. Neutron spectrum impact it uses. Commonly, neutrons with low energy level, up to 0.5 eV, called thermal neutrons where neutrons with intermediate energy level, ranging from 0.5 eV to 0.10 MeV, called epithermal "resonance" neutrons and neutron ...


Low-Power Core Reconfiguration For Missouri S&T Reactor (Mstr), Thaqal Alhuzaymi, Ayodeji Babatunde Alajo Jun 2019

Low-Power Core Reconfiguration For Missouri S&T Reactor (Mstr), Thaqal Alhuzaymi, Ayodeji Babatunde Alajo

Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science Faculty Research & Creative Works

The Missouri University of Sciences and Technology Reactor (MSTR) is pool-type research reactor which operates up to 200 kilowatt (kW). MSTR used for training and educating nuclear engineering students at Missouri S&T. A several of nuclear researches and irradiation experiments have been conducted in MSTR for example, neutron activation analysis (NAA), neutron radiography, radiolysis, image processing, etc. MSTR initial criticality took place on December 9, 1961. The first power level that MSTR operates at, was 10 kW. The power level alongside the core configuration was upgraded to the current ones, see Fig. 1. MSTR used light-water for moderation and ...


Calculation And Tabulation Of Efficiencies For Tungsten Foil Positron Moderators, R. Alsulami, M. Albarqi, S. Jaradat, Shoaib Usman, Joseph T. Graham May 2019

Calculation And Tabulation Of Efficiencies For Tungsten Foil Positron Moderators, R. Alsulami, M. Albarqi, S. Jaradat, Shoaib Usman, Joseph T. Graham

Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science Faculty Research & Creative Works

Monte Carlo radiation transport simulations were used to calculate the positron stopping profiles in tungsten positron moderator foils. Stopping profiles were numerically integrated with efficiency kernels derived from Green's function solutions of the 3D diffusion equation to determine the moderation efficiency in both the backscattering and transmission geometries. Stopping profiles and efficiencies were calculated for positron energies from 10 keV to 10 MeV and incident angles from 0° to 75°. The resulting efficiencies agreed with other calculated and measured values in the literature, especially when similar values of the positron diffusion length and surface emission branching ratio were used ...


Recent Advances On Carrier And Exciton Self-Trapping In Strontium Titanate: Understanding The Luminescence Emissions, Miguel L. Crespillo, Joseph T. Graham, Fernando Agullo-Lopez, Yanwen Zhang, William J. Weber Feb 2019

Recent Advances On Carrier And Exciton Self-Trapping In Strontium Titanate: Understanding The Luminescence Emissions, Miguel L. Crespillo, Joseph T. Graham, Fernando Agullo-Lopez, Yanwen Zhang, William J. Weber

Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science Faculty Research & Creative Works

An up-to-date review on recent results for self-trapping of free electrons and holes, as well as excitons, in strontium titanate (STO), which gives rise to small polarons and self-trapped excitons (STEs) is presented. Special attention is paid to the role of carrier and exciton self-trapping on the luminescence emissions under a variety of excitation sources with special emphasis on experiments with laser pulses and energetic ion-beams. In spite of the extensive research effort, a definitive identification of such localized states, as well as a suitable understanding of their operative light emission mechanisms, has remained lacking or controversial. However, promising advances ...


Development And Characterization Of Nanostructured Steels And High Entropy Alloys For Nuclear Applications, Andrew Kalevi Hoffman Jan 2019

Development And Characterization Of Nanostructured Steels And High Entropy Alloys For Nuclear Applications, Andrew Kalevi Hoffman

Doctoral Dissertations

"Nuclear reactor materials are subjected to a harsh environment including high temperatures and radiation fluences. In order to extend the lifetime of current light water reactors (LWRs) and realize the development of advanced Gen IV nuclear reactors new materials must be developed which can withstand such an environment. This thesis involves two approaches to solving this materials problem: advanced manufacturing of current commercial alloys using severe plastic deformation (SPD) and the development of new advanced high entropy alloys (HEAs).

Because SPD is effective at achieving grain refinement, this technique was used to obtain material having a high volume fraction of ...


Experimental Investigation Of Liquid Contact In The Developing Post-Dryout Chf Flow Boiling Regime Using Surface Mounted Thermistors, Hiralkumar Harshadbhai Patel Jan 2019

Experimental Investigation Of Liquid Contact In The Developing Post-Dryout Chf Flow Boiling Regime Using Surface Mounted Thermistors, Hiralkumar Harshadbhai Patel

Doctoral Dissertations

"Understanding heat transfer in the post-critical heat flux (CHF) flow boiling regime is important for determining the performance of the heat transfer equipment for various industrial applications requiring high heat transfer rates, e.g., heat exchangers, boilers, chemical and nuclear reactors. Liquid can be present in the core of the flow channel in the form of entrained liquid droplets, especially immediately downstream of film dryout. These droplets are suspected to provide an important heat transfer mechanism as they impinge on the heated wall. The objective of the current study is to investigate liquid contact with the heated wall in this ...


Microstructural Evolution Of Zirconium Carbide (Zrcₓ) Ceramics Under Irradiation Conditions, Raul Florez Jan 2019

Microstructural Evolution Of Zirconium Carbide (Zrcₓ) Ceramics Under Irradiation Conditions, Raul Florez

Doctoral Dissertations

A comprehensive understanding of the microstructural evolution of Zirconium Carbide (ZrC2) ceramics under irradiation conditions is required for their successful implementation in advanced Gen-IV gas-cooled nuclear reactors. The research presented in this dissertation focusses on elucidating the ion and electron irradiation response of ZrC2 ceramics. In the first part of the research, the microstructural evolution was characterized for ZrC2 ceramics irradiated with 10 MeV Au3+ ions up to doses of 30 displacement per atom (dpa) at 800 ºC. Coarsening of the defective microstructure, as a function of dose, was revealed by transmission electron microscopy analysis. The ...


Reactor Configurations To Support Advanced Material Research, Thaqal Mazyad Alhuzaymi Jan 2019

Reactor Configurations To Support Advanced Material Research, Thaqal Mazyad Alhuzaymi

Doctoral Dissertations

"The research goal is to configure a research reactor with multi-spectral capability for advance material research. This required the consideration of high and low-power levels alongside advanced fuel with high physical density and low enriched 235U. Selected fuel was U-10Mo with 19.75% 235U enrichment. The fuel and control rods system geometries were adopted from Missouri S&T Reactor (MSTR).

A high-power configuration (HPC) at 2 megawatts and low-power configuration (LPC) at 200 kilowatts were considered. Neutronic performances of the configurations were modeled using Monte Carlo N-particle (MCNP) transport code, version 6. Thermal-hydraulic analysis was performed with ANSYS ...


Experimental Investigation On Heat Transfer In A Prismatic Modular Reactor Under Cosine Heat Flux, S. M. Alshehri, I. A. Said, Muthanna H. Al-Dahhan, Shoaib Usman Nov 2018

Experimental Investigation On Heat Transfer In A Prismatic Modular Reactor Under Cosine Heat Flux, S. M. Alshehri, I. A. Said, Muthanna H. Al-Dahhan, Shoaib Usman

Chemical and Biochemical Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The current study has investigated natural convection heat during pressurized conduction cooldown (PCC) accident scenario to understand the passive safety features of prismatic modular reactors (PMR) under different intensities of nonuniform center peaking step heat flux distributions (approximating cosine shape) using an advanced fast-response heat transfer technique. A scaled-down PMR module was designed and developed at Missouri S&T by the research team of the Multiphase Reactors Engineering and Applications Laboratory (mReal). The module consists of upper and lower plena connected by heated and cooled channels. Nonuniform heat flux distribution was applied to the heated channel under nonuniform heating center ...


Radiation Detector Deadtime And Pile Up: A Review Of The Status Of Science, Shoaib Usman, Amol Patil Oct 2018

Radiation Detector Deadtime And Pile Up: A Review Of The Status Of Science, Shoaib Usman, Amol Patil

Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science Faculty Research & Creative Works

Since the early forties, researchers from around the world have been studying the phenomenon of deadtime in radiation detectors. Many have attempted to develop models to represent this phenomenon. Two highly idealized models; paralyzable and non-paralyzable are commonly used by most individuals involved in radiation measurements. Most put little thought about the operating conditions and applicability of these ideal models for their experimental conditions. So far, there is no general agreement on the applicability of any given model for a specific detector under specific operating conditions, let alone a universal model for all detectors and all operating conditions. Further the ...


Direct Synthesis Of Radioactive Nanoparticles Involving Neutrons, Carlos Henry Castano Giraldo, Maria Camila Garcia Toro, Brian Michael Mills Aug 2018

Direct Synthesis Of Radioactive Nanoparticles Involving Neutrons, Carlos Henry Castano Giraldo, Maria Camila Garcia Toro, Brian Michael Mills

Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science Faculty Research & Creative Works

A method to synthesize radioactive nanoparticles includes the production of metallic and multimetallic nanoparticles in a single step by providing an aqueous solution of the metal precursor, and irradiating the aqueous solution thereby producing nanoparticles. The obtained nanoparticles include one or more radioactive isotopes of gold, such as 198Au and 199Au as well as radioisotopes of silver when the obtained nanoparticles are bimetallic. The aqueous solution is irradiated in a radiation field that includes neutrons and gamma rays. The radiation field may be provided by a nuclear reactor. The aqueous solution may include silver, and bimetallic nanoparticles may be produced ...


Computational Design And Numerical Analyses Of Thermal-Hydraulics In A Pwr-Type Small Modular Nuclear Reactor, Vivek Murlidhar Rao Jan 2018

Computational Design And Numerical Analyses Of Thermal-Hydraulics In A Pwr-Type Small Modular Nuclear Reactor, Vivek Murlidhar Rao

Doctoral Dissertations

"This dissertation focuses on computational design of a PWR-type small modular nuclear reactor (SMR), and analysis of coolant thermal-hydraulics during steady-state operation. Physical design of the SMR is based on the existing AP-1000 and Small Modular Reactor designs by Westinghouse Nuclear.

The first paper discusses a two-stage simulation of turbulent flow in the lower plenum of the RPV. In the first stage, four time-dependent Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) based turbulence models were used to simulate turbulent flow, compare predictions and identify an appropriate turbulence model. In the second stage, the selected turbulence model was once again used to simulate flow on ...


Correlation Between Delay Time And Measured Concentration And Concentration Uncertainty By Neutron Activation Analysis, James Thomas Seman Jan 2018

Correlation Between Delay Time And Measured Concentration And Concentration Uncertainty By Neutron Activation Analysis, James Thomas Seman

Doctoral Dissertations

"For the last several decades, it has been apparent that new methods of identifying explosives can help investigators trace their origins. One way to identify an explosive is through the use of taggants: materials added to a product that encodes information about the product such as when it was manufactured.

This research investigates the survivability of a new identification taggant called the Nuclear Barcode that overcomes some of the downfalls that have been identified in prior taggants. The Nuclear Barcode encodes information as a unique combination of concentrations of rare earths (Ho, Eu, Sm, Lu, and Dy) and precious metals ...


Fuel Burnup Simulation And Analysis Of The Missouri S&T Reactor, Joshua Hinkle Rhodes Jan 2018

Fuel Burnup Simulation And Analysis Of The Missouri S&T Reactor, Joshua Hinkle Rhodes

Masters Theses

"The purpose of this work is to simulate the fuel burnup of the Missouri S&T Reactor. This work was accomplished using the Monte Carlo software MCNP. The primary core configurations of MSTR were modeled and the power history was used to determine the input parameters for the burnup simulation. These simulations were run to determine the burnup for each fuel element used in the core of MSTR.

With these simulations, the new predicted isotopic compositions were added into the model. New core configurations were determined, and the burnup corrected model was used to predict the excess reactivity and control ...


Modulated Photothermal Radiometry: Detector Sensitivity Study And Experimental Setup, Jessica Nicole Seals Jan 2018

Modulated Photothermal Radiometry: Detector Sensitivity Study And Experimental Setup, Jessica Nicole Seals

Masters Theses

"This thesis outlines the development of a system used for determining the surface thermal diffusivity of both non-irradiated and irradiated materials. The motivation for this work is to establish a modulated photothermal radiometry (PTR) system on the campus of Missouri University of Science and Technology. One of the main efforts described in this thesis is the design and construction of the physical apparatus. Along the way, it was necessary to perform a detailed sensitivity analysis of the system to determine whether the expected signal emitted from the sample falls within the bounds of detectivity for the HgCdTe (MCT) detector used ...


Development And Monte Carlo Validation Of A Finite Element Reactor Analysis Framework, Wayne J. Brewster Jan 2018

Development And Monte Carlo Validation Of A Finite Element Reactor Analysis Framework, Wayne J. Brewster

Masters Theses

"This study presents the development and Monte Carlo validation of a continuous Galerkin finite element reactor analysis framework. In its current state, the framework acts as an interface between the mesh preparation software GMSH and the sparse linear solvers in MATLAB, for the discretization and approximation of 1-D, 2-D, and 3-D linear partial differential equations. Validity of the framework is assessed from the following two benchmarking activities: the 2-D IAEA PWR benchmark; and the 2-D Missouri Science and Technology Reactor benchmark proposed within this study. The 2-D IAEA PWR multi-group diffusion benchmark is conducted with the following discretization schemes: linear ...


Customized Multi-Group Cross Section Generation With Njoy For Discrete Ordinates Computed Tomography And Radiography Simulation, Steven Michael Wagstaff Jan 2018

Customized Multi-Group Cross Section Generation With Njoy For Discrete Ordinates Computed Tomography And Radiography Simulation, Steven Michael Wagstaff

Masters Theses

"The purpose of this work was to explore the creation of photoatomic multi-group cross section libraries to be used with a software package DOCTORS (Discrete Ordinates Computed TOmography and Radiography Simulator). This software solves the linear Boltzmann equation using the discrete ordinates method [1]. To create these libraries, NJOY2016 was used, creating both fine and broad energy multi-group cross section files. The cross section's accuracy was tested against an equivalent Monte Carlo simulation using MCNP6.

Two simulation geometries were used. The first, a cylindrical water phantom with a single source projection placed in front, simulating an X-ray radiography. The ...


An Investigation Into The Effects Of Ion Tracks On Α-Quartz, Bryant Alan Kanies Jan 2018

An Investigation Into The Effects Of Ion Tracks On Α-Quartz, Bryant Alan Kanies

Masters Theses

"The passage of a swift heavy ion through a material can cause columnar, amorphous nano-structures known as ion tracks. Swift heavy ions are present in a number of applications ranging from nuclear reactors to nuclear waste storage and onboard spacecraft. The study of ion tracks has been ongoing since the late 1950s and has led to several technological advancements. In fact, ion beams have been used to enhance material properties and aid in the production of electrical components. Ion beams, and their resultant ion tracks, can therefore be seen as a method to purposefully alter material properties such as thermal ...


Design And Development Of A Compact X-Ray Tube For Stationary Ct Architecture, Ashish Vighnahar Avachat Jan 2018

Design And Development Of A Compact X-Ray Tube For Stationary Ct Architecture, Ashish Vighnahar Avachat

Doctoral Dissertations

"Multisource architectures enable sweeping one or more x-ray beams across the imaging field-of-view faster than physically moving a single x-ray source and/or a detector. Hence, these architectures are attractive for the applications in which temporal resolution plays an important role, for example, cardiac computed tomography (CT) or real-time CT. One of the recent developments in multisource architectures for CT imaging is stationary CT architecture, whereby two separate stationary arrays -- one for x-ray sources and one for detectors -- are utilized to sweep one or more x-ray beams along the gantry and acquire 360 degree projections. To have a stationary CT ...


Investigation Of The Hydrodynamics And Scale-Up Of Advanced Triso Nuclear Fuel Manufacturing Using Sophisticated Measurement Techniques, Thaar M. Aljuwaya Jan 2018

Investigation Of The Hydrodynamics And Scale-Up Of Advanced Triso Nuclear Fuel Manufacturing Using Sophisticated Measurement Techniques, Thaar M. Aljuwaya

Doctoral Dissertations

"The successful performance and safety of the Very-High-Temperature Nuclear Reactors (VHTR) extremely depend on the quality of the TRISO nuclear fuel coated particles. However, the coating of the TRISO particles is delicate process and impacted by the hydrodynamics of spouted beds. Therefore, in this work, we applied advanced non-invasive measurement techniques which are gamma-ray computed tomography (CT) and radioactive particle tracking (RPT), to investigate foremost the local parameters to advance the fundamental understanding of the hydrodynamics and scale-up of gas-solid spouted beds. The CT technique has been applied to study the effects of particle density, particle size, bed size, and ...


Advancement In Thermal Energy Storage Using Phase Change Materials, Rami Mohammad Reda Saeed Jan 2018

Advancement In Thermal Energy Storage Using Phase Change Materials, Rami Mohammad Reda Saeed

Doctoral Dissertations

"The dissertation is intended to study the fundamental physical behavior of phase change materials (PCMs) and provide a comprehensive overview of the state of the art in their design and applications for thermal energy storage. Standard, predictive and thermodynamic models were presented to develop new PCM eutectic mixtures in a more scientific design approach. As new eutectic PCMs were developed, further research efforts were initiated to develop functionalized PCMs with enhanced thermal and physical properties to create the next generation of PCMs. Further efforts have been expanded to review several high-temperature PCM candidates with phase transition temperatures in the range ...


The Significance Of Grouping And Missed Bubbles On Interfacial Area Concentration And Void Fraction, Chandller Stephen-Leslie Mills Jan 2018

The Significance Of Grouping And Missed Bubbles On Interfacial Area Concentration And Void Fraction, Chandller Stephen-Leslie Mills

Doctoral Dissertations

"The two-fluid model is used in nuclear reactor safety codes. Two of the important constitutive relations will be discussed in this study, the interfacial area concentration and void fraction. The Interfacial area concentration is directly affected by the number of bubbles and how these bubbles are categorized into groups. In this study, a new algorithm was implemented to account for trailing bubbles, bubbles with short response times, and the categorization of bubbles based upon diameter for all group 1 bubbles. The optical and conductivity probes were used to determine the void fraction and interfacial area concentration in a bubble column ...


Nuclear Fusion As A Primary Energy Production Method, Joshua Eiswirth Aug 2017

Nuclear Fusion As A Primary Energy Production Method, Joshua Eiswirth

Missouri S&T’s Peer to Peer

In this paper, the possibility of using nuclear fusion as a primary energy producer will be analyzed. A brief overview of nuclear fusion is given as well as the drawbacks of nuclear fusion today. The human species, need to find a more abundant and renewable means to produce energy, because the non-renewable resources relied on today will be completely used up in as little a 100 years. Nuclear fusion, if perfected, offers a reliable and extremely abundant energy source. With commercial nuclear fusion plants more energy would be available than ever before. While no efficient fusion reactor design exists today ...


Cfd Validation And Scaling Of Condensation Heat Transfer, Varun Kalra Jan 2017

Cfd Validation And Scaling Of Condensation Heat Transfer, Varun Kalra

Masters Theses

"A CFD study was performed using STAR-CCM+ to validate the software for its competence in the prediction and scaling of condensation heat transfer in the presence of air acting as a non-condensable gas. Three vertical concentric tube heat exchanger geometries with different diameters were studied in the CFD analysis. It was seen that the steam bulk temperatures predicted by STAR-CCM+ closely matched the experimental data. However, the temperatures of outer wall of the steel condenser tubes showed a deviation of 2% to 11% from the experimental values. The error in adiabatic water wall temperatures were found to range from 18 ...