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Missouri University of Science and Technology

Mechanical Engineering

2016

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Articles 1 - 30 of 53

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Materials, Mechanics, And Patterning Techniques For Elastomer-Based Stretchable Conductors, X. Yu, B. Mahajan, W. Shou, Heng Pan Dec 2016

Materials, Mechanics, And Patterning Techniques For Elastomer-Based Stretchable Conductors, X. Yu, B. Mahajan, W. Shou, Heng Pan

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.


High-Frequency Instabilities Of Stationary Crossflow Vortices In A Hypersonic Boundary Layer, Fei Li, Meelan Choudhari, Pedro Paredes-Gonzalez, Lian Duan Sep 2016

High-Frequency Instabilities Of Stationary Crossflow Vortices In A Hypersonic Boundary Layer, Fei Li, Meelan Choudhari, Pedro Paredes-Gonzalez, Lian Duan

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Hypersonic boundary layer flows over a circular cone at moderate incidence angle can support strong crossflow instability in between the windward and leeward rays on the plane of symmetry. Due to more efficient excitation of stationary crossflow vortices by surface roughness, such boundary layer flows may transition to turbulence via rapid amplification of the high-frequency secondary instabilities of finite-amplitude stationary crossflow vortices. The amplification characteristics of these secondary instabilities are investigated for crossflow vortices generated by an azimuthally periodic array of roughness elements over a 7° half-angle circular cone in a Mach 6 free stream. The analysis is based on ...


The Concentration Of Stress At The Rotator Cuff Tendon-To-Bone Attachment Site Is Conserved Across Species, F. Saadat, A. C. Deymier, Victor Birman, S. Thomopoulos, G. M. Genin Sep 2016

The Concentration Of Stress At The Rotator Cuff Tendon-To-Bone Attachment Site Is Conserved Across Species, F. Saadat, A. C. Deymier, Victor Birman, S. Thomopoulos, G. M. Genin

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.


All-Metal Structural Color Printing Based On Aluminum Plasmonic Metasurfaces, Z. Li, W. Wang, D. Rosenmann, D. Czaplewski, Xiaodong Yang, Jie Gao Sep 2016

All-Metal Structural Color Printing Based On Aluminum Plasmonic Metasurfaces, Z. Li, W. Wang, D. Rosenmann, D. Czaplewski, Xiaodong Yang, Jie Gao

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Build Parameters On Compression Properties For Ultem 9085 Parts By Fused Deposition Modeling, Krishna P. Motaparti, Gregory Taylor, Ming-Chuan Leu, K. Chandrashekhara, James Castle, Mike Matlack Aug 2016

Effects Of Build Parameters On Compression Properties For Ultem 9085 Parts By Fused Deposition Modeling, Krishna P. Motaparti, Gregory Taylor, Ming-Chuan Leu, K. Chandrashekhara, James Castle, Mike Matlack

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

It has been observed by various researchers that parts fabricated by the Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) process have anisotropic properties. The research presented in the present paper was aimed to study the compression properties of FDM parts and to comprehend their dependence on build parameters. In this study Ultem 9085 was used as the material to fabricate both solid and sparse-build coupons with variations in build direction, raster angle and air gap. A full factorial experimental design was used to study the individual and combined effects of these build parameters on the mechanical properties of the coupons. The mechanical properties ...


Novel Extrusion-Based Additive Manufacturing Process For Ceramic Parts, Amir Ghazanfari, Wenbin Li, Ming-Chuan Leu, Greg Hilmas Aug 2016

Novel Extrusion-Based Additive Manufacturing Process For Ceramic Parts, Amir Ghazanfari, Wenbin Li, Ming-Chuan Leu, Greg Hilmas

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

An extrusion-based additive manufacturing process, called the Ceramic On-Demand Extrusion (CODE) process, for producing three-dimensional ceramic components with near theoretical density is introduced in this paper. In this process, an aqueous paste of ceramic particles with a very low binder content (< 1 vol%) is extruded through a moving nozzle at room temperature. After a layer is deposited, it is surrounded by oil (to a level just below the top surface of most recent layer) to preclude non-uniform evaporation from the sides. Infrared radiation is then used to partially, and uniformly, dry the just-deposited layer so that the yield stress of the paste increases and the part maintains its shape. The same procedure is repeated for every layer until part fabrication is completed. Several sample parts for various applications were produced using this process and their properties were obtained. The results indicate that the proposed method enables fabrication of large, dense ceramic parts with complex geometries.


3d Printing Of A Polymer Bioactive Glass Composite For Bone Repair, Caroline Murphy, Krishna C. R. Kolan, M. Long, Ming-Chuan Leu, Julie A. Semon, D. E. Day Aug 2016

3d Printing Of A Polymer Bioactive Glass Composite For Bone Repair, Caroline Murphy, Krishna C. R. Kolan, M. Long, Ming-Chuan Leu, Julie A. Semon, D. E. Day

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

A major limitation of synthetic bone repair is insufficient vascularization of the interior region of the scaffold. In this study, we investigated the 3D printing of adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells (AD-MSCs) with polycaprolactone (PCL)/bioactive glass composite in a single process. This offered a three-dimensional environment for complex and dynamic interactions that govern the cell’s behavior in vivo. Borate based bioactive (13-93B3) glass of different concentrations (10 to 50 weight %) was added to a mixture of PCL and organic solvent to make an extrudable paste. AD-MSCs suspended in Matrigel was extruded as droplets using a second syringe. Scaffolds ...


Designed Extrudate For Additive Manufacturing Of Zirconium Diboride By Ceramic On-Demand Extrusion, Devin Mcmillen, Wenbin Li, Ming-Chuan Leu, Greg Hilmas, Jeremy Lee Watts Aug 2016

Designed Extrudate For Additive Manufacturing Of Zirconium Diboride By Ceramic On-Demand Extrusion, Devin Mcmillen, Wenbin Li, Ming-Chuan Leu, Greg Hilmas, Jeremy Lee Watts

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

This work describes a process by which zirconium diboride (ZrB2) parts may be fabricated using the Ceramic On-Demand Extrusion (CODE) process. An oxide-carbide-nitride system consisting of ceramic powders and pre-ceramic organics, designed to yield ZrB2 after reaction sintering, has been developed to produce an aqueous-based extrudate for subsequent processing in the CODE system. Pressurelessly sintered test specimens containing 1 wt% PVA binder achieve high relative density ≥ 99%. The viscoelastic response of the extrudate was characterized via spindle rheometry with a small sample adapter. Batches with 1 wt% PVA and 0.5 wt% Methocel show strong shear thinning characteristic, under ...


Effect Of Sparse-Build Internal Structure On Performance Of Fused Deposition Modeling Tools Under Pressure, S. Meng, L. Mason, Gregory Taylor, X. Wang, Ming-Chuan Leu, K. Chandrashekhara, Mike Matlack, James Castle Aug 2016

Effect Of Sparse-Build Internal Structure On Performance Of Fused Deposition Modeling Tools Under Pressure, S. Meng, L. Mason, Gregory Taylor, X. Wang, Ming-Chuan Leu, K. Chandrashekhara, Mike Matlack, James Castle

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Two different approaches to design a sparse-build tool for fabrication by the fused deposition modeling (FDM) process are compared. One approach uses a 2D lattice structure and the other approach is inspired by topology optimization. Ultem 9085 is used as the material, and the amount of material used to build the tool is kept constant to ensure a fair comparison. A solid tool is also included in the comparison. The performance of the tool under uniform pressure is simulated using finite element analysis (FEA) and the accuracy of the FEA results is verified by comparing them with experimentally measured data ...


Properties Of Partially Stabilized Zirconia Components Fabricated By The Ceramic On-Demand Extrusion Process, Wenbin Li, Amir Ghazanfari, Devin Mcmillen, Ming-Chuan Leu, Greg Hilmas, Jeremy Lee Watts Aug 2016

Properties Of Partially Stabilized Zirconia Components Fabricated By The Ceramic On-Demand Extrusion Process, Wenbin Li, Amir Ghazanfari, Devin Mcmillen, Ming-Chuan Leu, Greg Hilmas, Jeremy Lee Watts

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The Ceramic On-Demand Extrusion (CODE) process is a novel additive manufacturing process for fabricating dense ceramic components from aqueous pastes of high solids loading. In this study, 3 mol% Y2O3 stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (3Y-TZP) parts were fabricated using the CODE process. The parts were then dried in a humidity controlled environmental chamber and sintered under atmospheric pressure. Mechanical properties of the sintered parts were examined using ASTM standard test techniques, including density, Young’s modulus, flexural strength, Weibull modulus, fracture toughness and Vickers hardness. The microstructure was analyzed, and grain size was measured using scanning electron ...


Industrial Robot Trajectory Stiffness Mapping For Hybrid Manufacturing Process, Z. Wang, R. Liu, X. Chen, Todd E. Sparks, Frank W. Liou Jul 2016

Industrial Robot Trajectory Stiffness Mapping For Hybrid Manufacturing Process, Z. Wang, R. Liu, X. Chen, Todd E. Sparks, Frank W. Liou

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.


Resonant Effects In Nanoscale Bowtie Apertures, L. Ding, J. Qin, S. Guo, T. Liu, Edward C. Kinzel, L. Wang Jun 2016

Resonant Effects In Nanoscale Bowtie Apertures, L. Ding, J. Qin, S. Guo, T. Liu, Edward C. Kinzel, L. Wang

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.


Surface Modification Of Polycrystalline Diamond Compacts By Carbon Ion Irradiation, Madhu S. K. Mutyala, Lianyi Chen, Ting Chiang Lin, Benjamin R. Maier, Beata Tyburska, Kumar Sridharan, Kornel Ehmann, Xiaochun Li Jun 2016

Surface Modification Of Polycrystalline Diamond Compacts By Carbon Ion Irradiation, Madhu S. K. Mutyala, Lianyi Chen, Ting Chiang Lin, Benjamin R. Maier, Beata Tyburska, Kumar Sridharan, Kornel Ehmann, Xiaochun Li

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Selective modification (e.g. defect creation and amorphization) of diamond surfaces is of interests for functional diamond-based semiconductors and devices. Bombarding the diamond surface with high energy radiation sources such as electron, proton, and neutrons, however, often result in detrimental defects in deep bulk regions under the diamond surface. In this study, we utilized high energy carbon ions of 3 MeV to bombard the polycrystalline diamond compact (PDC) specimen. The resultant microstructure of PDCs was investigated using micro Raman spectroscopy. The results show that the carbon bombardment successfully created point defects and amorphization in a shallow region of ∼500 nm ...


Strong Coupling Between Mid-Infrared Localized Plasmons And Phonons, W. Wan, Xiaodong Yang, Jie Gao May 2016

Strong Coupling Between Mid-Infrared Localized Plasmons And Phonons, W. Wan, Xiaodong Yang, Jie Gao

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.


Direct Printing Of Microstructures By Femtosecond Laser Excitation Of Nanocrystals In Solution, W. Shou, Heng Pan May 2016

Direct Printing Of Microstructures By Femtosecond Laser Excitation Of Nanocrystals In Solution, W. Shou, Heng Pan

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.


Multiphase Ferrofluid Flows For Micro-Particle Focusing And Separation, R. Zhou, Cheng Wang May 2016

Multiphase Ferrofluid Flows For Micro-Particle Focusing And Separation, R. Zhou, Cheng Wang

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.


The Child Brain Computes And Utilizes Internalized Maternal Choices, S. Seung-Lark Lim, J. Cherry C. Bradley, A. Davis, S. N. Balakrishnan, O. Ha, J. Bruce, A. Bruce May 2016

The Child Brain Computes And Utilizes Internalized Maternal Choices, S. Seung-Lark Lim, J. Cherry C. Bradley, A. Davis, S. N. Balakrishnan, O. Ha, J. Bruce, A. Bruce

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.


Effect Of The Use Of Natural Gas-Diesel Fuel Mixture On Performance, Emissions And Combustion Characteristics Of A Compression-Ignition Engine, Y. Karagoz, T. Sandalci, Ümit Özgür Köylü, A. S. Dalkilic, S. Wongwises Apr 2016

Effect Of The Use Of Natural Gas-Diesel Fuel Mixture On Performance, Emissions And Combustion Characteristics Of A Compression-Ignition Engine, Y. Karagoz, T. Sandalci, Ümit Özgür Köylü, A. S. Dalkilic, S. Wongwises

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.


Optical Nonlocality Induced Zitterbewegung Near The Dirac Point In Metal-Dielectric Multilayer Metamaterials, L. Sun, Jie Gao, Xiaodong Yang Apr 2016

Optical Nonlocality Induced Zitterbewegung Near The Dirac Point In Metal-Dielectric Multilayer Metamaterials, L. Sun, Jie Gao, Xiaodong Yang

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.


Solvent-Free Manufacturing Of Electrodes For Lithium-Ion Batteries, B. Ludwig, Z. Zheng, W. Shou, Y. Wang, Heng Pan Mar 2016

Solvent-Free Manufacturing Of Electrodes For Lithium-Ion Batteries, B. Ludwig, Z. Zheng, W. Shou, Y. Wang, Heng Pan

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Sparse-Build Internal Structure On Performance Of Fused Deposition Modeling Parts, Shixuan Meng Jan 2016

Effect Of Sparse-Build Internal Structure On Performance Of Fused Deposition Modeling Parts, Shixuan Meng

Masters Theses

"Fused deposition modeling (FDM) technology has been used in additive manufacturing for years and is able to significantly reduce both manufacturing time and cost for production tooling and end-use parts. Autoclave molding is one of the conventional tools used to produce composite parts. In autoclave molding, the soft composite material is positioned on the molding tool, and then subjected to vacuum and elevated temperatures to facilitate the curing of the resin. With additive manufacturing (AM), it is possible to fabricate the molding tool with a sparse internal structure, thereby reducing the fabrication time and cost compared to a solid tool ...


Effect Of Build Parameters On Mechanical Properties Of Ultem 9085 Parts By Fused Deposition Modeling, Krishna Prasanth Motaparti Jan 2016

Effect Of Build Parameters On Mechanical Properties Of Ultem 9085 Parts By Fused Deposition Modeling, Krishna Prasanth Motaparti

Masters Theses

"Additive manufacturing is a fabrication technique that is used to build components by depositing material in a layer-by-layer manner. Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) is one of the additive manufacturing techniques which is widely used for prototyping and production applications of thermoplastic components. In load bearing applications, the flexural and compression forces often coexist. In order to avoid failure under these loads, it is essential to study the mechanical properties of the components fabricated by FDM. The main focus of this research is to study the mechanical properties of the fabricated components and to comprehend their dependence on various build parameters ...


Numerical Analysis Of Flexural Slip During Viscoelastic Buckle Folding, Davi Rodrigues Damasceno Jan 2016

Numerical Analysis Of Flexural Slip During Viscoelastic Buckle Folding, Davi Rodrigues Damasceno

Masters Theses

"Flexural slip is considered to be an important folding mechanism contributing in the development of different folds such as chevron, and kink-band buckle folds. Various filed studies have provided a general conceptual and qualitative understanding of flexural slip. However, quantitative evidence of the importance of the flexural slip mechanism during fold evolution is sparse, as the actual amount of surface parallel displacement, and timing, is difficult to measure accurately, due to the lack of suitable strain markers.

In this study 2D finite element analysis is used to overcome these disadvantages and to simulate flexural slip during viscoelastic buckle folding. Variations ...


Prediction Of Surface Roughness In Abrasive Waterjet Cutting Of Graphite Composite Using Response Surface Methodology, Prabhakar Bala Jan 2016

Prediction Of Surface Roughness In Abrasive Waterjet Cutting Of Graphite Composite Using Response Surface Methodology, Prabhakar Bala

Masters Theses

"In the present work, surface roughness after machining of composite material was the main focus of study. Response surface methodology with Box- Behnken experimental design was applied in predicting the surface roughness (Ra) of abrasive waterjet cut 1-inch-thick graphite/epoxy composite. Second order response equations for Ra were generated with minitab, a statistical software as a function of pressure, traverse speed and isolated abrasive mesh size. Influence of each of these factors on the response were analyzed with 3D response surface plots. Abrasive mesh size was also found be a factor influencing Ra along with traverse speed and ...


Mixing Dynamics In Municipal Water Storage Tanks, Pramod Narayan Bangalore Jan 2016

Mixing Dynamics In Municipal Water Storage Tanks, Pramod Narayan Bangalore

Masters Theses

"The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of different control variables on mixing in municipal water storage tanks using Computational Fluid Dynamics(CFD) solutions with ANSYS FLUENT for isothermal, positively and negatively buoyant inflow conditions. Poor mixing of old water and new water leads to dead zone formation, which when introduced in the distribution system can cause major water quality issues. Data for this study was generated using Multiphase CFD flow modeling technique using Volume of Fluid (VOF) approach with species transport. The vessel was considered to be mixed when Coefficient of Variation (COV) dropped below 0 ...


Engine Sound Simulation And Generation In Driving Simulator, Shuang Wu Jan 2016

Engine Sound Simulation And Generation In Driving Simulator, Shuang Wu

Masters Theses

"Simulating a driving environment that provides engine sound as auditory feedback to the driver is a challenging task due to the complexity of engine sound, a wide range of operating speeds, and repeated sound clicking during playback. This thesis describes a method of engine sound simulation and generation for a driving simulator. By analyzing sample sounds, spectral modeling synthesis was used to decompose the sound samples into deterministic and stochastic components. Then, the modeled deterministic and stochastic signals were employed to resynthesize the sounds. To represent engine sounds not available in the recorded database, sound interpolation was applied to two ...


A Linear Matrix Inequality-Based Approach For The Computation Of Actuator Bandwidth Limits In Adaptive Control, Daniel Robert Wagner Jan 2016

A Linear Matrix Inequality-Based Approach For The Computation Of Actuator Bandwidth Limits In Adaptive Control, Daniel Robert Wagner

Masters Theses

"Linear matrix inequalities and convex optimization techniques have become popular tools to solve nontrivial problems in the field of adaptive control. Specifically, the stability of adaptive control laws in the presence of actuator dynamics remains as an important open control problem. In this thesis, we present a linear matrix inequalities-based hedging approach and evaluate it for model reference adaptive control of an uncertain dynamical system in the presence of actuator dynamics. The ideal reference dynamics are modified such that the hedging approach allows the correct adaptation without being hindered by the presence of actuator dynamics. The hedging approach is first ...


Design And Analysis Of An Axisymmetric Aerospike Supersonic Micro-Nozzle For A Refrigerant-Based Cold-Gas Propulsion System For Small Satellites, Abdalla Ali Bani Jan 2016

Design And Analysis Of An Axisymmetric Aerospike Supersonic Micro-Nozzle For A Refrigerant-Based Cold-Gas Propulsion System For Small Satellites, Abdalla Ali Bani

Masters Theses

"The cold-gas propulsion system being developed by M-SAT requires improvements to its original nozzle design. This study documents the research, design, and analysis of a supersonic plug nozzle concept that could be integrated to the refrigerant-based cold-gas propulsion system to possibly improve its performance. As documented in this thesis, CFD analysis showed that the outlined nozzle design method resulted in a feasible nozzle concept that has the ability to out-perform a conventional nozzle of the same area ratio. The flow-fields and thrust of the aerospike nozzle, for the full and truncated nozzles, were investigated. The purpose of this study is ...


Design Of An Adaptive Force And Stiffness Controlled Compliant Device For Robotic Polishing, Mohammad Masud Parvez Jan 2016

Design Of An Adaptive Force And Stiffness Controlled Compliant Device For Robotic Polishing, Mohammad Masud Parvez

Masters Theses

"Polishing is a repetitive task done in an unhealthy environment. Often more than half of the manufacturing time is required to polish a die. The manual polishing process is a tedious work actively rely on a skilled human worker. Industrial Robot has replaced the human in performing these tasks. For robotic polishing to control the polishing force, an active compliant device is used. Due to the compressibility of air, a pneumatic system is preferred as the actuator of the device. The force of the actuator is controlled by regulating air pressure in both chambers of the cylinder. However, to improve ...


Synthesis And Photonic Sintering Of Bioresorbable Zinc Nanoparticle Ink For Transient Electronics Manufacturing, Bikram K. Mahajan Jan 2016

Synthesis And Photonic Sintering Of Bioresorbable Zinc Nanoparticle Ink For Transient Electronics Manufacturing, Bikram K. Mahajan

Masters Theses

"Zinc is an essential 'trace element' that supports immune systems, and is required for DNA synthesis, cell division, and protein synthesis. Zinc nanoparticles (Zn NP) has antibacterial properties and potential to be used in biodegradable printed electronics devices. The research presented here is about the synthesis of Zn NP and their potential use in transient electronics devices. In Paper 1, a technique of room temperature synthesis of Zn NP is reported using ball milling. Controlled amount of PVP was mixed in the solvent to stabilize the Zn particles and minimize cold welding during milling. The size of the produced Zn ...