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Missouri University of Science and Technology

Mechanical Engineering

Masters Theses

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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

In-Situ X-Ray Imaging Of The Selective Laser Melting Process, Meelap M. Coday Jan 2020

In-Situ X-Ray Imaging Of The Selective Laser Melting Process, Meelap M. Coday

Masters Theses

"Fusion-based metal additive manufacturing (AM) has garnered much interest in recent decades. Despite the popularity of fusion-based AM technologies such as selective laser melting (SLM), there are still fundamental questions and uncertainties that need to be addressed. In this work, we focus on the understanding of the undercooling in the SLM process and the uncertainties induced by the laser beam size, power, and scan speed. First, we report the estimation of undercooling in the SLM process from the solidification rate measured by in-situ high-speed synchrotron x-ray imaging, based on the dendrite growth velocity model. The undercooling changes as a function ...


Influence Of Input Energy On Mechanical Properties Of Laser Powder Bed Fused Aisi 304l Stainless Steel, Tan Pan Jan 2020

Influence Of Input Energy On Mechanical Properties Of Laser Powder Bed Fused Aisi 304l Stainless Steel, Tan Pan

Masters Theses

“Powder Bed Fusion process with selective laser melting technique is popularly adopted in additive manufacturing area on account of its layer by layer manufacturing fashion capable of fabricating components with complex internal and external geometries and structures. However, the process-property map is unique and vital for different materials and AM configurations used for fabrication. The process parameter is identified as a significant factor that heavily influences the properties and performances of the printed materials.

Current work aimed to extend the existing knowledge on Laser Powder Bed Fusion fabricated AISI 304L by accessing the influence of varying energy input on the ...


Multiphysics Prediction Model Of Microwave Curing For Thick Polymer Composites, Siva Dasari Jan 2019

Multiphysics Prediction Model Of Microwave Curing For Thick Polymer Composites, Siva Dasari

Masters Theses

"Microwave curing technologies have many advantages over the traditional thermal curing methods for the manufacturing of fiber reinforced polymers, especially the processing speed and energy efficiency. Energy can be instantaneously transferred through applied electromagnetic fields and heat is generated based on dipolar rotational interactions. Microwave curing processes have been used for glass fiber composites but there are significant challenges associated with microwave curing of carbon fiber composites. Efficient heating may be difficult due to high dielectric loss associated with carbon fibers. Laminate quality will be highly dependent on the uniformity of the electromagnetic field in the material. In this work ...


Light Touch Based Virtual Cane For Balance Assistance During Standing, Sindhu Reddy Alluri Jan 2019

Light Touch Based Virtual Cane For Balance Assistance During Standing, Sindhu Reddy Alluri

Masters Theses

"Can additional information about one's body kinematics provided through hands improve human balance? Light-Touch (LT) through hands helps improve balance in a wide range of populations, both healthy and impaired. The force is too small to provide any meaningful mechanical assistance -- rather, it is suggested that the additional sensory information through hands helps the body improve balance.

To investigate the potential for improving human balance through biofeedback through hands, we developed a Virtual Cane (VC) for balance assistance during standing. The VC mimics the physical cane's function of providing information about one's body in space. Balance experiments ...


Performance Evaluation Of Bmi Resin System For Thin-Ply Composites, Manoj Kumar Reddy Rangapuram Jan 2019

Performance Evaluation Of Bmi Resin System For Thin-Ply Composites, Manoj Kumar Reddy Rangapuram

Masters Theses

"Composites materials are increasingly being used in aerospace applications over the past few years. The unique properties like high strength to weight ratio, thermal stability, fatigue and corrosion resistance set them apart from the conventional materials. Composite materials are well suited for the applications where weight is the primary concern in the design. Composites structures are vulnerable to mechanical as well as thermal loadings. Transverse micro-cracking and delamination are the most common type of failures in composite materials. The thickness of the ply being used play a key role dictating the properties of the resultant composite structure. As the ply ...


Characterization Of The Surface Condition In Aa6061 Resulting From Deep Rolling As A Function Of Common Industrial Parameters, Andrew Kenneth Layer Jan 2019

Characterization Of The Surface Condition In Aa6061 Resulting From Deep Rolling As A Function Of Common Industrial Parameters, Andrew Kenneth Layer

Masters Theses

"Roller burnishing is widely used in industry to improve the surface finish and fatigue life of components. As weight reduction continues to grow in the automotive and transportation industries, deep rolling can help maintain product performance by mitigating the increase in component stresses resulting from lower weight systems. Deep rolling parameters such as tool, applied angle, feed rate, spindle speeds, and relative tool direction all affect cycle time, product performance, and appearance. The effects of common industrial parameters on the resultant surface roughness and residual stress profiles were studied in this investigation. The samples were manufactured on a CNC lathe ...


The Effect Of Cell Size And Surface Roughness On The Compressive Properties Of Abs Lattice Structures Fabricated By Fused Deposition Modeling, Leah Hope Mason Jan 2019

The Effect Of Cell Size And Surface Roughness On The Compressive Properties Of Abs Lattice Structures Fabricated By Fused Deposition Modeling, Leah Hope Mason

Masters Theses

"Postprocessing is an important step in many manufacturing methods, but it is especially important for additive manufacturing. Researchers looking to improve the surface roughness of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) parts fabricated by fused deposition modeling (FDM) have determined that acetone smoothing not only achieves improved surface roughness but increases compressive strength as well. This could be very beneficial to lattice structures, which are known for already having an excellent strength to weight ratio. If the compressive strength of ABS lattice structures could be improved even further using acetone smoothing, it could expand the applications for plastic lattice structures and improve ...


Numerical Modeling Of Capillary-Driven Flow In Open Microchannels: An Implication Of Optimized Wicking Fabric Design, Mehrad Gholizadeh Ansari Jan 2018

Numerical Modeling Of Capillary-Driven Flow In Open Microchannels: An Implication Of Optimized Wicking Fabric Design, Mehrad Gholizadeh Ansari

Masters Theses

"The use of microfluidics to transfer fluids without applying any exterior energy source is a promising technology in different fields of science and engineering due to their compactness, simplicity and cost-effective design. In geotechnical engineering, to increase the soil's strength, hydrophilic wicking fibers as type of microfluidics have been employed to transport and drain water out of soil spontaneously by taking advantage of natural capillary force without using any pumps or other auxiliary devices. The objective of this study is to understand the scientific mechanisms of the capability for wicking fiber to drain both gravity and capillary water out ...


Controlling Phase Fractions Of 304l-Ss In Selective Laser Melting Using Cooling Rate, Eberechukwu Anthony Okoro Jan 2018

Controlling Phase Fractions Of 304l-Ss In Selective Laser Melting Using Cooling Rate, Eberechukwu Anthony Okoro

Masters Theses

"This study examines the thermal profile and the ferrite-austenite phase fractions upon heating and cooling of 304- stainless steel powder via Selective Laser Melting (SLM). Experiments were performed to validate the ABAQUS finite element model, while the phase transformation simulation was performed using MatCalc and ThermoCalc. A correlation between the thermo-mechanical changes in ABAQUS and the microstructural changes from MatCalc was obtained by matching their cooling rates. The result indicates that cooling rate has a significant effect on the phase fractions of FCC and BCC formed in 304L stainless steel via the SLM process. The results also indicate that for ...


Computational Investigation Of Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell With Nature-Inspired Fibonacci Spiral Flow Field, Suleyman Kose Jan 2018

Computational Investigation Of Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell With Nature-Inspired Fibonacci Spiral Flow Field, Suleyman Kose

Masters Theses

"Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFC) are promising clean energy devices. The flow field design has crucial role in PEMFC performance for effective distribution of reactants and removal of products. Several nature-inspired flow field designs have recently been proposed in the literature. Common characteristics of these designs were sudden changes in the flow direction through sharp bends and flow field geometries restrained to areas having corners. In this thesis, Fibonacci spiral configuration, which is found in the nature from hurricanes to seashells, was considered for flow field pattern of a PEMFC. Contrary to the bio-inspired designs proposed in previous studies ...


Designed Extrudate For Ceramic Additive Manufacturing, Devin Mcmillen Jan 2018

Designed Extrudate For Ceramic Additive Manufacturing, Devin Mcmillen

Masters Theses

"The objective of this thesis work was to design ceramic paste systems that assist in achieving a high theoretical density ( > 95%) after deposition by a novel additive manufacturing process, i.e. Ceramic On-Demand Extrusion (CODE). The work is encompassed in five main sections: Sections 1 and 2 provide an introduction and literature review of relevant topics for the following sections of experimentation. Section 3 provides an analysis of a reaction chemistry to identify three discrete materials that could be combined via CODE and result in zirconium diboride (ZrB2) post-sintering. Section 4 describes the development of a high solids loading ...


Advanced Process To Embed Optical Fiber Sensors Into Casting Mold For Smart Manufacturing, Raghavender Reddy Jakka Jan 2018

Advanced Process To Embed Optical Fiber Sensors Into Casting Mold For Smart Manufacturing, Raghavender Reddy Jakka

Masters Theses

"Optical fiber sensors embedded in metals with distributed sensing can sense temperature at multiple points with single fiber. This is useful for smart manufacturing like structural health monitoring in aerospace industry and smart molds in manufacturing plants. There is a huge difference in thermal coefficient of expansion for fiber and metal. This is the reason for the increase in sensitivity for embedded fiber sensors. However, at high temperatures, the stress on the fiber increases, eventually damaging the sensor. The fiber-metal interface determines the sensor performance. A tight interface results in high sensitivity and a gap in the interface enhances sensing ...


Smart Augmented Reality Instructional System For Mechanical Assembly, Ze-Hao Lai Jan 2018

Smart Augmented Reality Instructional System For Mechanical Assembly, Ze-Hao Lai

Masters Theses

"Quality and efficiency are pivotal indicators of a manufacturing company. Many companies are suffering from shortage of experienced workers across the production line to perform complex assembly tasks such as assembly of an aircraft engine. This could lead to a significant financial loss. In order to further reduce time and error in an assembly, a smart system consisting of multi-modal Augmented Reality (AR) instructions with the support of a deep learning network for tool detection is introduced. The multi-modal smart AR is designed to provide on-site information including various visual renderings with a fine-tuned Region-based Convolutional Neural Network, which is ...


Investigation Of The Information Provided By Light Touch For Balance Improvement In Humans, Anirudh Saini Jan 2018

Investigation Of The Information Provided By Light Touch For Balance Improvement In Humans, Anirudh Saini

Masters Theses

"This study investigates the information provided by Light Touch (LT) in improving human postural stability without mechanical assistance. Light Touch, an interaction force with a magnitude about 1 N, is known to improve postural stability in humans during quiet standing. However, the nature of the information from LT that helped improve balance is yet unknown. In this work, we hypothesized that LT provides information about one's body kinematics. We used a haptic robot to provide modulated, measurable light interaction force on the high back haptic location of humans to provide body kinematics-dependent information through LT. Standing balance experiments were ...


Bio-Inspired Flow Fields For Pem Fuel Cells- Decoupling Pressure And Distribution Effects On Performance And Identifying Design Opportunities, Joshua David Heck Jan 2017

Bio-Inspired Flow Fields For Pem Fuel Cells- Decoupling Pressure And Distribution Effects On Performance And Identifying Design Opportunities, Joshua David Heck

Masters Theses

"The performance of Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFCs) is significantly impacted by flow distributor geometry. The effects of flow distributor geometry on PEMFCs was explored in two ways in this study. Firstly, the relative effects of pressure and distribution characteristics of different flow fields on fuel cell unit and system level performance were considered. A method of decoupling these effects was proposed and demonstrated by application to the traditional serpentine and parallel flow field designs.The performance of these two designs were modeled computationally and it was shown that, of the 17% better performance of the serpentine design, 12 ...


Cyber-Physical Manufacturing Cloud: An Efficient Method Of Building Digital Twin For 3d Printer By Adapting Mtconnect Protocol, Liwen Hu Jan 2017

Cyber-Physical Manufacturing Cloud: An Efficient Method Of Building Digital Twin For 3d Printer By Adapting Mtconnect Protocol, Liwen Hu

Masters Theses

"The common modeling of a virtual machine is using an information model to describe the physics of machines. The integration of digital twins into productive cyber-physical cloud manufacturing (CPCM) systems imposes strict requirements such as reducing overhead and saving resources for the systems. In this paper, we investigate a new method for building cloud-based digital twins (CBDT), which can be adapted to the CPCM platform. Our method helps reduce computing resources in the processing center and guarantees the fastest speed of the interactions between the human users and physical machines. We introduce a knowledge resource center (KRC) built on a ...


Ti-Fe Intermetallics Analysis And Control In Joining Titanium Alloy And Stainless Steel By Laser Metal Deposition, Wei Li Jan 2017

Ti-Fe Intermetallics Analysis And Control In Joining Titanium Alloy And Stainless Steel By Laser Metal Deposition, Wei Li

Masters Theses

"Direct fusion joining titanium alloy and stainless steel can cause brittle Ti-Fe intermetallics which compromise the mechanical properties of diffusion bonds between titanium alloys and stainless steel. Therefore, filler metals are required as transition layers. In this research, stainless steel metallic powder was directly deposited on the titanium alloy substrate by laser beam, the Ti-Fe intermetallic phases formed in this process were investigated through analyzing fracture morphology, phase identification, and Vickers Hardness Number (VHN). After that, Laser Metal Deposition (LMD) was applied to explore a new fabricating process to join Ti6Al4V and SS316. A transition composition route was introducedTi6Al4V → V ...


Diffusion And Mechanical Characterization Of Nanoparticle-Enabled Diffusion Controlled Materials, Joseph Louis Volpe Jan 2017

Diffusion And Mechanical Characterization Of Nanoparticle-Enabled Diffusion Controlled Materials, Joseph Louis Volpe

Masters Theses

"Nanoparticle-enabled diffusion control has been shown to rapidly refine multiphase microstructures during slowly cooled casting. This thesis characterizes the diffusion and the mechanical properties of nanoparticle-enabled diffusion controlled materials. To characterize diffusion properties, in situ characterization is performed to verify the nanoparticle enabled diffusion control mechanism. Materials with nanoparticles were observed to decrease the diffusion coefficient by at least one order of magnitude under similar melting conditions as compared to materials without nanoparticles. To understand mechanical properties, the nanoparticles that assembled at the growing interface were characterized under mechanical tensile stress. Nanoparticle-enabled interfaces were observed to improve the interface bond ...


Cathodic Protection Measurement Through Inline Inspection Technology Uses And Observations, Briana Ley Ferguson Jan 2017

Cathodic Protection Measurement Through Inline Inspection Technology Uses And Observations, Briana Ley Ferguson

Masters Theses

"This research supports the evaluation of an impressed current cathodic protection (CP) system of a buried coated steel pipeline through alternative technology and methods, via an inline inspection device (ILI, CP ILI tool, or tool), in order to prevent and mitigate external corrosion. This thesis investigates the ability to measure the current density of a pipeline's CP system from inside of a pipeline rather than manually from outside, and then convert that CP ILI tool reading into a pipe-to-soil potential as required by regulations and standards. This was demonstrated through a mathematical model that utilizes applications of Ohm's ...


Dynamic Electromechanical Characterization Of Ferroelectrics At Cryogenic Temperatures, William Kent Hays Jan 2017

Dynamic Electromechanical Characterization Of Ferroelectrics At Cryogenic Temperatures, William Kent Hays

Masters Theses

"Electromechanical coupling in ferroelectric materials has given rise to a myriad of technological applications. Through the complex domain structure of ferroelectrics materials, which are typically stiff and have low damping, can exhibit significant structural damping. The applications for a material with a relatively large Young’s modulus and the ability to damp out vibrations would be useful for structures, more specifically, aerospace structures. The dynamic mechanical properties of ferroelectrics, particularly mechanical properties while an electric field is applied, are not well understood. This is due in part to the lack of experimental methods to measure such properties. Even with recent ...


Wrinkling Of Functionally Graded Sandwich Structures Subject To Biaxial And In-Plane Shear Loads, Harold Costa Jan 2017

Wrinkling Of Functionally Graded Sandwich Structures Subject To Biaxial And In-Plane Shear Loads, Harold Costa

Masters Theses

"Benefits of a functionally graded core increasing wrinkling stability of sandwich panels have been demonstrated in a recent paper [1] where a several-fold increase in the wrinkling stress was observed, without a significant weight penalty, using a stiffer core adjacent to the facings. In the present paper wrinkling is analyzed in case where the facings are subject to biaxial compression and/or in-plane shear loading and the core is arbitrary graded through-the-thickness. Two issues addressed are the effect of biaxial or in-plane shear loads on wrinkling stability of panels with both graded and ungraded core and the verification that functional ...


Design And Analysis Of A Passive Heat Removal System For A Small Modular Reactor Using Star Ccm+, Raymond Michael Fanning Jan 2017

Design And Analysis Of A Passive Heat Removal System For A Small Modular Reactor Using Star Ccm+, Raymond Michael Fanning

Masters Theses

"Next generation nuclear power plants, specifically small modular reactor designs, are the best alternative to fossil fuels for power generation due to their power density and low carbon emissions and constant awareness of safety concerns. A promising safety feature of new designs is the removal of heat by passive systems in accident scenarios. The passive systems require no moving parts and no intervention by personnel. These systems must be accurately simulated for better understanding of the heat transport phenomena: natural convection cooling. Due to the fact that most work developing these passive heat removal systems are proprietary information, a passive ...


Effect Of Sparse-Build Internal Structure On Performance Of Fused Deposition Modeling Parts, Shixuan Meng Jan 2016

Effect Of Sparse-Build Internal Structure On Performance Of Fused Deposition Modeling Parts, Shixuan Meng

Masters Theses

"Fused deposition modeling (FDM) technology has been used in additive manufacturing for years and is able to significantly reduce both manufacturing time and cost for production tooling and end-use parts. Autoclave molding is one of the conventional tools used to produce composite parts. In autoclave molding, the soft composite material is positioned on the molding tool, and then subjected to vacuum and elevated temperatures to facilitate the curing of the resin. With additive manufacturing (AM), it is possible to fabricate the molding tool with a sparse internal structure, thereby reducing the fabrication time and cost compared to a solid tool ...


Effect Of Build Parameters On Mechanical Properties Of Ultem 9085 Parts By Fused Deposition Modeling, Krishna Prasanth Motaparti Jan 2016

Effect Of Build Parameters On Mechanical Properties Of Ultem 9085 Parts By Fused Deposition Modeling, Krishna Prasanth Motaparti

Masters Theses

"Additive manufacturing is a fabrication technique that is used to build components by depositing material in a layer-by-layer manner. Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) is one of the additive manufacturing techniques which is widely used for prototyping and production applications of thermoplastic components. In load bearing applications, the flexural and compression forces often coexist. In order to avoid failure under these loads, it is essential to study the mechanical properties of the components fabricated by FDM. The main focus of this research is to study the mechanical properties of the fabricated components and to comprehend their dependence on various build parameters ...


Numerical Analysis Of Flexural Slip During Viscoelastic Buckle Folding, Davi Rodrigues Damasceno Jan 2016

Numerical Analysis Of Flexural Slip During Viscoelastic Buckle Folding, Davi Rodrigues Damasceno

Masters Theses

"Flexural slip is considered to be an important folding mechanism contributing in the development of different folds such as chevron, and kink-band buckle folds. Various filed studies have provided a general conceptual and qualitative understanding of flexural slip. However, quantitative evidence of the importance of the flexural slip mechanism during fold evolution is sparse, as the actual amount of surface parallel displacement, and timing, is difficult to measure accurately, due to the lack of suitable strain markers.

In this study 2D finite element analysis is used to overcome these disadvantages and to simulate flexural slip during viscoelastic buckle folding. Variations ...


Prediction Of Surface Roughness In Abrasive Waterjet Cutting Of Graphite Composite Using Response Surface Methodology, Prabhakar Bala Jan 2016

Prediction Of Surface Roughness In Abrasive Waterjet Cutting Of Graphite Composite Using Response Surface Methodology, Prabhakar Bala

Masters Theses

"In the present work, surface roughness after machining of composite material was the main focus of study. Response surface methodology with Box- Behnken experimental design was applied in predicting the surface roughness (Ra) of abrasive waterjet cut 1-inch-thick graphite/epoxy composite. Second order response equations for Ra were generated with minitab, a statistical software as a function of pressure, traverse speed and isolated abrasive mesh size. Influence of each of these factors on the response were analyzed with 3D response surface plots. Abrasive mesh size was also found be a factor influencing Ra along with traverse speed and ...


Mixing Dynamics In Municipal Water Storage Tanks, Pramod Narayan Bangalore Jan 2016

Mixing Dynamics In Municipal Water Storage Tanks, Pramod Narayan Bangalore

Masters Theses

"The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of different control variables on mixing in municipal water storage tanks using Computational Fluid Dynamics(CFD) solutions with ANSYS FLUENT for isothermal, positively and negatively buoyant inflow conditions. Poor mixing of old water and new water leads to dead zone formation, which when introduced in the distribution system can cause major water quality issues. Data for this study was generated using Multiphase CFD flow modeling technique using Volume of Fluid (VOF) approach with species transport. The vessel was considered to be mixed when Coefficient of Variation (COV) dropped below 0 ...


Engine Sound Simulation And Generation In Driving Simulator, Shuang Wu Jan 2016

Engine Sound Simulation And Generation In Driving Simulator, Shuang Wu

Masters Theses

"Simulating a driving environment that provides engine sound as auditory feedback to the driver is a challenging task due to the complexity of engine sound, a wide range of operating speeds, and repeated sound clicking during playback. This thesis describes a method of engine sound simulation and generation for a driving simulator. By analyzing sample sounds, spectral modeling synthesis was used to decompose the sound samples into deterministic and stochastic components. Then, the modeled deterministic and stochastic signals were employed to resynthesize the sounds. To represent engine sounds not available in the recorded database, sound interpolation was applied to two ...


A Linear Matrix Inequality-Based Approach For The Computation Of Actuator Bandwidth Limits In Adaptive Control, Daniel Robert Wagner Jan 2016

A Linear Matrix Inequality-Based Approach For The Computation Of Actuator Bandwidth Limits In Adaptive Control, Daniel Robert Wagner

Masters Theses

"Linear matrix inequalities and convex optimization techniques have become popular tools to solve nontrivial problems in the field of adaptive control. Specifically, the stability of adaptive control laws in the presence of actuator dynamics remains as an important open control problem. In this thesis, we present a linear matrix inequalities-based hedging approach and evaluate it for model reference adaptive control of an uncertain dynamical system in the presence of actuator dynamics. The ideal reference dynamics are modified such that the hedging approach allows the correct adaptation without being hindered by the presence of actuator dynamics. The hedging approach is first ...


Design And Analysis Of An Axisymmetric Aerospike Supersonic Micro-Nozzle For A Refrigerant-Based Cold-Gas Propulsion System For Small Satellites, Abdalla Ali Bani Jan 2016

Design And Analysis Of An Axisymmetric Aerospike Supersonic Micro-Nozzle For A Refrigerant-Based Cold-Gas Propulsion System For Small Satellites, Abdalla Ali Bani

Masters Theses

"The cold-gas propulsion system being developed by M-SAT requires improvements to its original nozzle design. This study documents the research, design, and analysis of a supersonic plug nozzle concept that could be integrated to the refrigerant-based cold-gas propulsion system to possibly improve its performance. As documented in this thesis, CFD analysis showed that the outlined nozzle design method resulted in a feasible nozzle concept that has the ability to out-perform a conventional nozzle of the same area ratio. The flow-fields and thrust of the aerospike nozzle, for the full and truncated nozzles, were investigated. The purpose of this study is ...