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Missouri University of Science and Technology

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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Effects Of Zirconia Doping On Additively Manufactured Alumina Ceramics By Laser Direct Deposition, John M. Pappas, Aditya R. Thakur, Xiangyang Dong Jul 2020

Effects Of Zirconia Doping On Additively Manufactured Alumina Ceramics By Laser Direct Deposition, John M. Pappas, Aditya R. Thakur, Xiangyang Dong

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The ability to additively manufacture functional alumina ceramics has the potential to lower manufacturing costs and development time for complex components. In this study, the doping effects of zirconia on laser direct deposited alumina ceramics were investigated. The microstructure of the printed samples was analyzed in terms of grain size and composition distribution. The addition of zirconia was found to accumulate along alumina grain boundaries and resulted in significant grain refinement. The zirconia doping largely reduced crack formation during processing compared to that of pure alumina samples. In the case of 10 wt% zirconia, cracking during deposition was nearly completely ...


3d-Printed Biomimetic Bioactive Glass Scaffolds For Bone Regeneration In Rat Calvarial Defects, Krishna C. R. Kolan, Yue-Wern Huang, Julie A. Semon, Ming-Chuan Leu Apr 2020

3d-Printed Biomimetic Bioactive Glass Scaffolds For Bone Regeneration In Rat Calvarial Defects, Krishna C. R. Kolan, Yue-Wern Huang, Julie A. Semon, Ming-Chuan Leu

Biological Sciences Faculty Research & Creative Works

The pore geometry of scaffold intended for the use in the bone repair or replacement is one of the most important parameters in bone tissue engineering. It affects not only the mechanical properties of the scaffold but also the amount of bone regeneration after implantation. Scaffolds with five different architectures (cubic, spherical, x, gyroid, and diamond) at different porosities were fabricated with bioactive borate glass using the selective laser sintering (SLS) process. The compressive strength of scaffolds with porosities ranging from 60% to 30% varied from 1.7 to 15.5 MPa. The scaffold's compressive strength decreased significantly (up ...


Frequency-Selective Metasurface Integrated Uncooled Microbolometers, Mahmoud Almasri, Edward C. Kinzel Jan 2020

Frequency-Selective Metasurface Integrated Uncooled Microbolometers, Mahmoud Almasri, Edward C. Kinzel

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

A metasurface integrated microbolometer having a sensing layer (e.g., SixGeyO1-x-y). The presence of the metasurface provides selectivity with respect to wavelength, polarization and angle-of-incidence. The presence of the metasurface into the microbolometer affects conversion of electromagnetic to thermal energy, thermal response, electrical integration of the microbolometer, and the tradeoff between resistivity and temperature coefficient of resistance, thereby allowing the ability to obtain a sensing with high temperature coefficient of resistance with lower resistivity values than that of films without the metasurface. The presence of the metasurface removes the need for a Fabry-Perot cavity.


In-Situ X-Ray Imaging Of The Selective Laser Melting Process, Meelap M. Coday Jan 2020

In-Situ X-Ray Imaging Of The Selective Laser Melting Process, Meelap M. Coday

Masters Theses

"Fusion-based metal additive manufacturing (AM) has garnered much interest in recent decades. Despite the popularity of fusion-based AM technologies such as selective laser melting (SLM), there are still fundamental questions and uncertainties that need to be addressed. In this work, we focus on the understanding of the undercooling in the SLM process and the uncertainties induced by the laser beam size, power, and scan speed. First, we report the estimation of undercooling in the SLM process from the solidification rate measured by in-situ high-speed synchrotron x-ray imaging, based on the dendrite growth velocity model. The undercooling changes as a function ...


Observer-Based Event-Triggered And Set-Theoretic Neuro-Adaptive Controls For Constrained Uncertain Systems, Abdul Ghafoor Jan 2020

Observer-Based Event-Triggered And Set-Theoretic Neuro-Adaptive Controls For Constrained Uncertain Systems, Abdul Ghafoor

Doctoral Dissertations

"In this study, several new observer-based event-triggered and set-theoretic control schemes are presented to advance the state of the art in neuro-adaptive controls. In the first part, six new event-triggered neuro-adaptive control (ETNAC) schemes are presented for uncertain linear systems. These comprehensive designs offer flexibility to choose a design depending upon system performance requirements. Stability proofs for each scheme are presented and their performance is analyzed using benchmark examples. In the second part, the scope of the ETNAC is extended to uncertain nonlinear systems. It is applied to a case of precision formation flight of the microsatellites at the Sun-Earth ...


Characterization And Recyclability Of 304l Stainless Steel Powder For Use In The Selective Laser Melting Process, Austin Taylor Sutton Jan 2020

Characterization And Recyclability Of 304l Stainless Steel Powder For Use In The Selective Laser Melting Process, Austin Taylor Sutton

Doctoral Dissertations

"Powder-bed fusion refers to a subset of additive manufacturing (AM) methods which successively melts and solidifies selected regions within a powder bed on a layer-by-layer basis to construct components directly from computer-aided design files. Laser Powder-Bed Fusion (L-PBF) is a process among the powder-bed fusion techniques that utilizes a laser to consolidate particles into a material with little porosity. During the L-PBF process, the large energy input from the laser causes the production of ejecta in the form of laser spatter and condensate, both of which have the potential to settle in the surrounding powder bed compromising its reusability. In ...


Influence Of Input Energy On Mechanical Properties Of Laser Powder Bed Fused Aisi 304l Stainless Steel, Tan Pan Jan 2020

Influence Of Input Energy On Mechanical Properties Of Laser Powder Bed Fused Aisi 304l Stainless Steel, Tan Pan

Masters Theses

“Powder Bed Fusion process with selective laser melting technique is popularly adopted in additive manufacturing area on account of its layer by layer manufacturing fashion capable of fabricating components with complex internal and external geometries and structures. However, the process-property map is unique and vital for different materials and AM configurations used for fabrication. The process parameter is identified as a significant factor that heavily influences the properties and performances of the printed materials.

Current work aimed to extend the existing knowledge on Laser Powder Bed Fusion fabricated AISI 304L by accessing the influence of varying energy input on the ...


Magnetic Control Of Transport Of Particles And Droplets In Low Reynolds Number Shear Flows, Jie Zhang Jan 2020

Magnetic Control Of Transport Of Particles And Droplets In Low Reynolds Number Shear Flows, Jie Zhang

Doctoral Dissertations

“Magnetic particles and droplets have been used in a wide range applications including biomedicine, biological analysis and chemical reaction. The manipulation of magnetic microparticles or microdroplets in microscale fluid environments is one of the most critical processes in the systems and platforms based on microfluidic technology. The conventional methods are based on magnetic forces to manipulate magnetic particles or droplets in a viscous fluid.

In contrast to conventional magnetic separation method, several recent experimental and theoretical studies have demonstrated a different way to manipulate magnetic non-spherical particles by using a uniform magnetic field in the microchannel. However, the fundamental mechanism ...


Trajectory Control Of A Wheeled Robot Using Interaction Forces For Intuitive Overground Human-Robot Interaction, George Leno Holmes Jr. Jan 2020

Trajectory Control Of A Wheeled Robot Using Interaction Forces For Intuitive Overground Human-Robot Interaction, George Leno Holmes Jr.

Doctoral Dissertations

"Effective and intuitive physical human robot interaction (pHRI) requires an understanding of how humans communicate movement intentions with one another. It has been suggested that humans can guide another human by hand through complex tasks using force information only. However, no clear and applicable paradigm has been set forth to understand these relationships. While the human partner can readily understand and adhere to this expectation, it would be difficult for anyone to explain their intuitive motions with strict rules, algorithms, or steps. Uncovering such a procedural framework for the control of robotic systems to execute expected performance simply from force ...


Combustion And Emission Characteristics Of Ic Engines Fueled By Hydrogen And Hydrogen/Diesel Mixtures And Multi-Objective Optimization Of Operating Parameters, Abdulhakim Issa Jabbr Jan 2020

Combustion And Emission Characteristics Of Ic Engines Fueled By Hydrogen And Hydrogen/Diesel Mixtures And Multi-Objective Optimization Of Operating Parameters, Abdulhakim Issa Jabbr

Doctoral Dissertations

“The present study considers combustion of hydrogen in IC engines. In general, the work focuses on simulating the engine performance and emissions at different operation parameters, and using optimization techniques. Task I work deals with the engine performance and emissions of a single cylinder spark-ignition (SI) engine fueled by hydrogen. The engine was simulated at different equivalence ratios, exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) and ignition timing. The results indicate that NOx emissions, engine power, and efficiency are reduced by increasing EGR level, and increased with increasing equivalence ratio and advanced ignition timing. The best operating conditions for hydrogen engines were obtained ...


A Framework For A Successful Additive Repair System, Todd E. Sparks Jan 2020

A Framework For A Successful Additive Repair System, Todd E. Sparks

Doctoral Dissertations

“The goal of this research is to generate a revolutionary improvement to the usability and usefulness of additive repair technology by integrating a set of tools into a seamless work flow. Insufficient automation in the current repair process is a huge hurdle in achieving cost-effective, reliable repairs. Many opportunities have been missed due to inconsistency, quality issues and lack of robustness and flexibility. The present work addresses deficiencies in preparatory steps such as 2D and 3D geometry processing, parameter estimation, and path planning as well as on-machine execution of the path plan. The bulk of the effort is focused on ...


Human Behavior Understanding For Worker-Centered Intelligent Manufacturing, Wenjin Tao Jan 2020

Human Behavior Understanding For Worker-Centered Intelligent Manufacturing, Wenjin Tao

Doctoral Dissertations

“In a worker-centered intelligent manufacturing system, sensing and understanding of the worker’s behavior are the primary tasks, which are essential for automatic performance evaluation & optimization, intelligent training & assistance, and human-robot collaboration. In this study, a worker-centered training & assistant system is proposed for intelligent manufacturing, which is featured with self-awareness and active-guidance. To understand the hand behavior, a method is proposed for complex hand gesture recognition using Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN) with multiview augmentation and inference fusion, from depth images captured by Microsoft Kinect. To sense and understand the worker in a more comprehensive way, a multi-modal approach is proposed ...


Pore Elimination Mechanisms During 3d Printing Of Metals, S. Mohammad H. Hojjatzadeh, Niranjan D. Parab, Wentao Yan, Lianyi Chen, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website. Dec 2019

Pore Elimination Mechanisms During 3d Printing Of Metals, S. Mohammad H. Hojjatzadeh, Niranjan D. Parab, Wentao Yan, Lianyi Chen, For Full List Of Authors, See Publisher's Website.

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) is a 3D printing technology that can print metal parts with complex geometries without the design constraints of traditional manufacturing routes. However, the parts printed by LPBF normally contain many more pores than those made by conventional methods, which severely deteriorates their properties. Here, by combining in-situ high-speed high-resolution synchrotron x-ray imaging experiments and multi-physics modeling, we unveil the dynamics and mechanisms of pore motion and elimination in the LPBF process. We find that the high thermocapillary force, induced by the high temperature gradient in the laser interaction region, can rapidly eliminate pores from the ...


Publisher Correction: Pore Elimination Mechanisms During 3d Printing Of Metals (Nature Communications, (2019), 10, 1, (3088), 10.1038/S41467-019-10973-9), S. Mohammad H. Hojjatzadeh, Niranjan D. Parab, Wentao Yan, Qilin Guo, Lianghua Xiong, Cang Zhao, Mimglei Qu, Luis I. Escano, Xianghui Xiao, Kamel Fezzaa, Wes Everhart, Tao Sun, Lianyi Chen Dec 2019

Publisher Correction: Pore Elimination Mechanisms During 3d Printing Of Metals (Nature Communications, (2019), 10, 1, (3088), 10.1038/S41467-019-10973-9), S. Mohammad H. Hojjatzadeh, Niranjan D. Parab, Wentao Yan, Qilin Guo, Lianghua Xiong, Cang Zhao, Mimglei Qu, Luis I. Escano, Xianghui Xiao, Kamel Fezzaa, Wes Everhart, Tao Sun, Lianyi Chen

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The original version of this Article contained an error in Fig. 4. The x-axis labels in Fig. 4a, b were incorrectly labelled 'Diameter (mm)', rather than the correct 'Diameter (µm)'. This has been corrected in both the PDF and HTML versions of the Article.


Spontaneous Emission Rate Enhancement With Aperiodic Thue-Morse Multilayer, Ling Li, Cherian J. Mathai, Shubhra Gangopadhyay, Xiaodong Yang, Jie Gao Dec 2019

Spontaneous Emission Rate Enhancement With Aperiodic Thue-Morse Multilayer, Ling Li, Cherian J. Mathai, Shubhra Gangopadhyay, Xiaodong Yang, Jie Gao

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The emergence of multilayer metamaterials in the research field of enhancing spontaneous emission rates has recently received extensive attention. Previous research efforts mostly focus on periodic metal-dielectric multilayers in hyperbolic dispersion region; however, the influence of lattice order in subwavelength multilayers on spontaneous emission is rarely studied. Here, we observe the stronger Purcell enhancement of quantum dots coupled to the aperiodic metal-dielectric multilayer with Thue-Morse lattice order from elliptical to hyperbolic dispersion regions, compared to the periodic multilayer with the same metal filling ratio. This work demonstrates the potential of utilizing quasiperiodic metamaterial nanostructures to engineer the local density of ...


3d Janus Plasmonic Helical Nanoapertures For Polarization-Encrypted Data Storage, Yang Chen, Xiaodong Yang, Jie Gao Dec 2019

3d Janus Plasmonic Helical Nanoapertures For Polarization-Encrypted Data Storage, Yang Chen, Xiaodong Yang, Jie Gao

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Helical structures have attracted considerable attention due to their inherent optical chirality. Here, we report a unique type of 3D Janus plasmonic helical nanoaperture with direction-controlled polarization sensitivity, which is simply fabricated via the one-step grayscale focused ion beam milling method. Circular dichroism in transmission of as large as 0.72 is experimentally realized in the forward direction due to the spin-dependent mode coupling process inside the helical nanoaperture. However, in the backward direction, the nanoaperture acquires giant linear dichroism in transmission of up to 0.87. By encoding the Janus metasurface with the two nanoaperture enantiomers having specified rotation ...


Spatial Variation Of Vector Vortex Beams With Plasmonic Metasurfaces, Yuchao Zhang, Jie Gao, Xiaodong Yang Dec 2019

Spatial Variation Of Vector Vortex Beams With Plasmonic Metasurfaces, Yuchao Zhang, Jie Gao, Xiaodong Yang

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The spatial variation of vector vortex beams with arbitrary polarization states and orbital angular momentum (OAM) values along the beam propagation is demonstrated by using plasmonic metasurfaces with the initial geometric phase profiles determined from the caustic theory. The vector vortex beam is produced by the superposition of deflected right- and left-handed circularly polarized component vortices with different helical phase charges, which are simultaneously generated off-axially by the single metasurface. Besides, the detailed evolution processes of intensity profile, polarization distribution and OAM value along the beam propagation distance is analyzed. The demonstrated arbitrary space-variant vector vortex beam will pave the ...


Generation Of Polarization Singularities With Geometric Metasurfaces, Yuchao Zhang, Xiaodong Yang, Jie Gao Dec 2019

Generation Of Polarization Singularities With Geometric Metasurfaces, Yuchao Zhang, Xiaodong Yang, Jie Gao

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The polarization singularities are directly generated by using plasmonic metasurfaces with the geometric phase profiles designed to form the Poincaré beams. Different morphologies of polarization topological structures of lemon, star, monstar, spiral, dipole and quadrupole are created by the superpositions of Laguerre-Gauss modes with different orders under orthogonal circular or linear polarization basis. The polarization ellipse patterns and topological features of the produced optical vector fields are analyzed to reveal the properties of the polarization singularities of C-points and L-lines, and the orbital angular momentum states are also measured. The demonstrated polarization singularities generated from the geometric metasurfaces will promise ...


Orbital Angular Momentum Transformation Of Optical Vortex With Aluminum Metasurfaces, Yuchao Zhang, Xiaodong Yang, Jie Gao Dec 2019

Orbital Angular Momentum Transformation Of Optical Vortex With Aluminum Metasurfaces, Yuchao Zhang, Xiaodong Yang, Jie Gao

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

The orbital angular momentum (OAM) transformation of optical vortex is realized upon using aluminum metasurfaces with phase distributions derived from the caustic theory. The generated OAM transformation beam has the well-defined Bessel-like patterns with multiple designed topological charges from -1 to +2.5 including both the integer-order and fractional-order optical vortices along the propagation. The detailed OAM transformation process is observed in terms of the variations of both beam intensity and phase profiles. The dynamic distributions of OAM mode density in the transformation are further analyzed to illustrate the conservation of the total OAM. The demonstration of transforming OAM states ...


Second-Harmonic Optical Vortex Conversion From Ws₂ Monolayer, Arindam Dasgupta, Jie Gao, Xiaodong Yang Dec 2019

Second-Harmonic Optical Vortex Conversion From Ws₂ Monolayer, Arindam Dasgupta, Jie Gao, Xiaodong Yang

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Wavelength, polarization and orbital angular momentum of light are important degrees of freedom for processing and encoding information in optical communication. Over the years, the generation and conversion of orbital angular momentum in nonlinear optical media has found many novel applications in the context of optical communication and quantum information processing. With that hindsight, here orbital angular momentum conversion of optical vortices through second-harmonic generation from only one atomically thin WS2 monolayer is demonstrated at room temperature. Moreover, it is shown that the valley-contrasting physics associated with the nonlinear optical selection rule in WS2 monolayer precisely determines the output circular ...


Trunk Velocity-Dependent Light Touch Reduces Postural Sway During Standing, Anirudh Saini, Devin Michael Burns, Darian Emmett, Yun Seong Song Nov 2019

Trunk Velocity-Dependent Light Touch Reduces Postural Sway During Standing, Anirudh Saini, Devin Michael Burns, Darian Emmett, Yun Seong Song

Psychological Science Faculty Research & Creative Works

Light Touch (LT) has been shown to reduce postural sway in a wide range of populations. While LT is believed to provide additional sensory information for balance modulation, the nature of this information and its specific effect on balance are yet unclear. In order to better understand LT and to potentially harness its advantages for a practical balance aid, we investigated the effect of LT as provided by a haptic robot. Postural sway during standing balance was reduced when the LT force (~ 1 N) applied to the high back area was dependent on the trunk velocity. Additional information on trunk ...


A Study Of Brain Neuronal And Functional Complexities Estimated Using Multiscale Entropy In Healthy Young Adults, Sreevalsan S. Menon, K. Krishnamurthy Oct 2019

A Study Of Brain Neuronal And Functional Complexities Estimated Using Multiscale Entropy In Healthy Young Adults, Sreevalsan S. Menon, K. Krishnamurthy

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Brain complexity estimated using sample entropy and multiscale entropy (MSE) has recently gained much attention to compare brain function between diseased or neurologically impaired groups and healthy control groups. Using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rfMRI) blood oxygen-level dependent (BOLD) signals in a large cohort (n = 967) of healthy young adults, the present study maps neuronal and functional complexities estimated by using MSE of BOLD signals and BOLD phase coherence connectivity, respectively, at various levels of the brain’s organization. The functional complexity explores patterns in a higher dimension than neuronal complexity and may better discern changes in brain functioning ...


Three-Dimensional Rotation Of Paramagnetic And Ferromagnetic Prolate Spheroids In Simple Shear And Uniform Magnetic Field, Christopher A. Sobecki, Yanzhi Zhang, Cheng Wang Oct 2019

Three-Dimensional Rotation Of Paramagnetic And Ferromagnetic Prolate Spheroids In Simple Shear And Uniform Magnetic Field, Christopher A. Sobecki, Yanzhi Zhang, Cheng Wang

Mathematics and Statistics Faculty Research & Creative Works

We examine a time-dependent, three-dimensional rotation of magnetic ellipsoidal particles in a two-dimensional, simple shear flow and a uniform magnetic field. We consider that the particles have paramagnetic and ferromagnetic properties, and we compare their rotational dynamics due to the strengths and directions of the applied uniform magnetic field. We determine the critical magnetic field strength that can pin the particles' rotations. Above the critical field strength, the particles' stable steady angles were determined. In a weak magnetic regime (below the critical field strength), a paramagnetic particle's polar angle will oscillate toward the magnetic field plane while its azimuthal ...


Strong Circular Dichroism In Chiral Plasmonic Metasurfaces Optimized By Micro-Genetic Algorithm, Zhigang Li, Daniel Rosenmann, David A. Czaplewski, Xiaodong Yang, Jie Gao Sep 2019

Strong Circular Dichroism In Chiral Plasmonic Metasurfaces Optimized By Micro-Genetic Algorithm, Zhigang Li, Daniel Rosenmann, David A. Czaplewski, Xiaodong Yang, Jie Gao

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Strong circular dichroism in absorption in the near-infrared wavelength range is realized by designing binary-pattern chiral plasmonic metasurfaces via the micro-genetic algorithm optimization method. The influence of geometric parameter modifications in the binary-pattern nanostructures on the circular dichroism performance is studied. The strong circular dichroism in absorption is attributed to the simultaneous excitation and field interference of the resonant modes with relative phase delay under linearly polarized incident light. This work provides a universal design method toward the on-demand properties of chiral metasurfaces, which paves the way for future applications in chemical and biological sensing, chiral imaging and spectroscopy.


A Displacement Controlled Fatigue Test Method For Additively Manufactured Materials, Mohammad Masud Parvez, Yitao Chen, Sreekar Karnati, Connor Coward, Joseph William Newkirk, Frank W. Liou Aug 2019

A Displacement Controlled Fatigue Test Method For Additively Manufactured Materials, Mohammad Masud Parvez, Yitao Chen, Sreekar Karnati, Connor Coward, Joseph William Newkirk, Frank W. Liou

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

A novel adaptive displacement-controlled test setup was developed for fatigue testing on mini specimens. In property characterization of additive manufacturing materials, mini specimens are preferred due to the specimen preparation, and manufacturing cost but mini specimens demonstrate higher fatigue strength than standard specimens due to the lower probability of material defects resulting in fatigue. In this study, a dual gauge section Krouse type mini specimen was designed to conduct fatigue tests on additively manufactured materials. The large surface area of the specimen with a constant stress distribution and increased control volume as the gauge section may capture all different types ...


Fabrication And Characterization Of AlₓCrcufeni₂ High-Entropy Alloys Coatings By Laser Metal Deposition, Wenyuan Cui, Xinchang Zhang, Lan Li, Yitao Chen, Tan Pan, Frank W. Liou Aug 2019

Fabrication And Characterization Of AlₓCrcufeni₂ High-Entropy Alloys Coatings By Laser Metal Deposition, Wenyuan Cui, Xinchang Zhang, Lan Li, Yitao Chen, Tan Pan, Frank W. Liou

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

High-entropy alloys (HEAs) are becoming new hot spots in the metallic materials community, which are defined to contain equiatomic or close-to-equiatomic compositions. HEAs can possess many interesting mechanical properties, and in particular, they have the great potential to be used as coating materials requiring high hardness and wear resistance. In this study, the feasibility of fabrication AlₓCrCuFeNi₂ (x=0,0.75) HEAs was investigated via laser metal deposition from elemental powders. The microstructure, phase structure, and hardness were studied by an optical microscope, scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM/EDS), electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) and Vickers hardness tester ...


Action Recognition In Manufacturing Assembly Using Multimodal Sensor Fusion, Md. Al-Amin, Wenjin Tao, David Doell, Ravon Lingard, Zhaozheng Yin, Ming-Chuan Leu, Ruwen Qin Aug 2019

Action Recognition In Manufacturing Assembly Using Multimodal Sensor Fusion, Md. Al-Amin, Wenjin Tao, David Doell, Ravon Lingard, Zhaozheng Yin, Ming-Chuan Leu, Ruwen Qin

Computer Science Faculty Research & Creative Works

Production innovations are occurring faster than ever. Manufacturing workers thus need to frequently learn new methods and skills. In fast changing, largely uncertain production systems, manufacturers with the ability to comprehend workers' behavior and assess their operation performance in near real-time will achieve better performance than peers. Action recognition can serve this purpose. Despite that human action recognition has been an active field of study in machine learning, limited work has been done for recognizing worker actions in performing manufacturing tasks that involve complex, intricate operations. Using data captured by one sensor or a single type of sensor to recognize ...


Cyber-Enabled Product Lifecycle Management: A Multi-Agent Framework, Vishwa V. Kumar, Avimanyu Sahoo, Frank W. Liou Aug 2019

Cyber-Enabled Product Lifecycle Management: A Multi-Agent Framework, Vishwa V. Kumar, Avimanyu Sahoo, Frank W. Liou

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Trouble free use of a product and its associated services for a specified minimum period of time is a major factor to win the customer's trust in the product. Rapid and easy serviceability to maintain its functionalities plays a key role in achieving this goal. However, the sustainability of such a model cannot be promised unless the current health status of the product is monitored and condition-based maintenance is exercised. Internet of Things (IoT), an important connectivity paradigm of recent times, which connects physical objects to the internet for real-time information exchange and execution of physical actions via wired ...


Predictive Model For Thermal And Stress Field In Selective Laser Melting Process -- Part I, Lan Li, Lei Yan, Wenyuan Cui, Yitao Chen, Tan Pan, Xinchang Zhang, Aaron Flood, Frank W. Liou Aug 2019

Predictive Model For Thermal And Stress Field In Selective Laser Melting Process -- Part I, Lan Li, Lei Yan, Wenyuan Cui, Yitao Chen, Tan Pan, Xinchang Zhang, Aaron Flood, Frank W. Liou

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

During the part forming in laser powder bed fusion process, thermal distortion is one big problem due to the thermal stress which is caused by the high cooling rate and temperature gradient. Therefore, it is important to know the effect of process parameters on thermal and stress evolution in the melt zone. In this paper, a 3D finite element model for Selective Laser Melting (SLM) process based on sequentially coupled thermo-mechanical field analysis was developed for accurately predicting thermal history and surface features, like distortion and residual stress. Temperature dependent material properties for performed material 304L stainless steel are incorporated ...


Predictive Model For Thermal And Stress Field In Selective Laser Melting Process -- Part Ii, Lan Li, Lei Yan, Yitao Chen, Tan Pan, Xinchang Zhang, Wenyuan Cui, Aaron Flood, Frank W. Liou Aug 2019

Predictive Model For Thermal And Stress Field In Selective Laser Melting Process -- Part Ii, Lan Li, Lei Yan, Yitao Chen, Tan Pan, Xinchang Zhang, Wenyuan Cui, Aaron Flood, Frank W. Liou

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Finite Element Analysis (FEA) is used to predict the transient thermal cycle and optimize process parameters to analyze these effects on deformation and residual stresses. However, the process of predicting the thermal history in this process with the FEA method is usually time-consuming, especially for large-scale parts. In this paper, an effective predictive model of part deformation and residual stress was developed for accurately predicting deformation and residual stresses in large-scale parts. An equivalent body heat flux proposed from the single layer laser scan model was imported as the thermal load to the layer by layer model. The hatched layer ...