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Lehigh University

Environmental Engineering

Donnan principle

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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Hybrid Anion Exchange Nanotechnology (Haix-Nano) For Concurrent Trace Contaminant Removal With Partial Desalination: Laboratory And Field-Scale Investigations, Michael Scott German Jan 2017

Hybrid Anion Exchange Nanotechnology (Haix-Nano) For Concurrent Trace Contaminant Removal With Partial Desalination: Laboratory And Field-Scale Investigations, Michael Scott German

Theses and Dissertations

Millions of people across the Indian subcontinent are at risk of chronic exposure to arsenic and fluoride in aquifers with excess TDS (>500 mg/L). Hybrid anion exchange resins with nanoparticles of zirconium oxide (HAIX-NanoZr) were created for effective fluoride removal; zirconium oxide selectively bound fluoride, silica, and phosphate. The zeta potential of HAIX-NanoZr was directly correlated to the fluoride removal capacity. Thus, to increase fluoride capacity and achieve partial desalination concurrently, a weak acid cation (WAC) exchange pretreatment was used to lower alkalinity, hardness, pH, and TDS. Consistent partial desalination (~50%) occurred in proportion to influent alkalinity and hardness ...