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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

An Analysis Of The Barriers To And Drivers Of Green Public Procurement In Achieving A More Sustainable Construction Industry, Myles Keaveney, Paul Butler Mar 2104

An Analysis Of The Barriers To And Drivers Of Green Public Procurement In Achieving A More Sustainable Construction Industry, Myles Keaveney, Paul Butler

Conference papers

The public sector in Ireland possesses enormous purchasing power which has the strength to affect production and consumption trends in all market sectors. Environmental purchasing tools such as Green Public Procurement (GPP) are seen by many as the solution to greener purchasing decisions in order to obtain and maintain not only a more sustainable construction sector but also a more sustainable economy. The purpose of this research is to determine and examine the key barriers to and drivers of implementing GPP in public procurement departments in order to reduce the effect construction works have on the environment. There was limited ...


Creating Holistic Engineers To Solve The Grand Challenges Of The Future, Una Beagon Dec 2018

Creating Holistic Engineers To Solve The Grand Challenges Of The Future, Una Beagon

Articles

Una Beagon writes that continued growth in construction depends on third level Institutions securing a talent pipeline of Civil & Structural Engineers with suitable skill sets to bring about, maintain and operate large multidisciplinary projects.


A Comparative Study Of Defeasible Argumentation And Non-Monotonic Fuzzy Reasoning For Elderly Survival Prediction Using Biomarkers, Lucas Rizzo, Ljiljana Majnaric, Luca Longo Nov 2018

A Comparative Study Of Defeasible Argumentation And Non-Monotonic Fuzzy Reasoning For Elderly Survival Prediction Using Biomarkers, Lucas Rizzo, Ljiljana Majnaric, Luca Longo

Conference papers

Computational argumentation has been gaining momentum as a solid theoretical research discipline for inference under uncertainty with incomplete and contradicting knowledge. However, its practical counterpart is underdeveloped, with a lack of studies focused on the investigation of its impact in real-world settings and with real knowledge. In this study, computational argumentation is compared against non-monotonic fuzzy reasoning and evaluated in the domain of biological markers for the prediction of mortality in an elderly population. Different non-monotonic argument-based models and fuzzy reasoning models have been designed using an extensive knowledge base gathered from an expert in the field. An analysis of ...


A Review On Bioconversion Of Agro-Industrial Wastes To Industrially Important Enzymes, Rajeev Ravindran, Shady S. Hassan, Gwilym A. Williams, Amit K, Jaiswal Oct 2018

A Review On Bioconversion Of Agro-Industrial Wastes To Industrially Important Enzymes, Rajeev Ravindran, Shady S. Hassan, Gwilym A. Williams, Amit K, Jaiswal

Articles

Agro-industrial waste is highly nutritious in nature and facilitates microbial growth. Most agricultural wastes are lignocellulosic in nature; a large fraction of it is composed of carbohydrates. Agricultural residues can thus be used for the production of various value-added products, such as industrially important enzymes. Agro-industrial wastes, such as sugar cane bagasse, corn cob and rice bran, have been widely investigated via different fermentation strategies for the production of enzymes. Solid-state fermentation holds much potential compared with submerged fermentation methods for the utilization of agro-based wastes for enzyme production. This is because the physical–chemical nature of many lignocellulosic substrates ...


A Comparative Analysis Of Key Elements Of The Strategic Decision-Making Process Across Construction Professional Services Firms: Evidence From The Irish Construction Industry, Oluwasegun O. Seriki, Roisin Murphy Sep 2018

A Comparative Analysis Of Key Elements Of The Strategic Decision-Making Process Across Construction Professional Services Firms: Evidence From The Irish Construction Industry, Oluwasegun O. Seriki, Roisin Murphy

Conference papers

The Irish construction industry is experiencing a well-established growth phase following a prolonged recession. While the economic impact has been well documented, there remains less emphasis on discipline-specific studies pertaining to strategy within construction firms in Ireland. Additionally, evidence regarding strategic management within the construction sector is predominantly concentrated on contracting organisations, with less emphasis on highly knowledge-intensive professional service firms (PSFs). As the construction sector in Ireland continues its sustained growth, there have been increased calls within the industry for further collaboration between key stakeholders. However, exploring collaboration within project-centric firms without understanding the individual strategic decision-making processes within ...


The Role Of Digitisation In The Strategic Planning Process Of Irish Quantity Surveying(Qs) Practices, Michael Adesi, Roisin Murphy, Dermot Kehily Sep 2018

The Role Of Digitisation In The Strategic Planning Process Of Irish Quantity Surveying(Qs) Practices, Michael Adesi, Roisin Murphy, Dermot Kehily

Conference papers

Digitisation is important to the transformation of many aspects of the construction industry such as strategic planning process in QS practices. Quantity Surveying (QS) practices largely apply digital technologies in construction project delivery, while neglecting the use of digital technologies in the strategic planning process. The aim of this paper is to investigate the role of digitisation in the strategic planning process of QS practices operating in Ireland. The study adopts a quantitative research methodology which is the first phase of an ongoing research project, by administering survey questionnaires to senior management of QS practices in Ireland. The findings of ...


Analysing Online User Activity To Implicitly Infer The Mental Workload Of Web-Based Tasks Using Defeasible Reasoning, Paul Mara Sep 2018

Analysing Online User Activity To Implicitly Infer The Mental Workload Of Web-Based Tasks Using Defeasible Reasoning, Paul Mara

Dissertations

Mental workload can be considered the amount of cognitive load or effort used over time to complete a task in a complex system. Determining the limits of mental workload can assist in optimising designs and identify if user performance is affected by that design. Mental workload has also been presented as a defeasible concept, where one reason can defeat another and a 5-layer schema to represent domain knowledge to infer mental workload using defeasible reasoning has compared favourably to state-of-the-art inference techniques. Other previous work investigated using records of user activity for measuring mental workload at scale using web-based tasks ...


The Study Of Reconfigurable Antennas And Associated Circuitry, Kansheng Yang Sep 2018

The Study Of Reconfigurable Antennas And Associated Circuitry, Kansheng Yang

Doctoral

This research focuses on the design of pattern reconfigurable antennas and the associated circuitry. The proposed pattern reconfigurable antenna designs benefit from advantages such as maximum pattern diversity and optimum switching circuits to realise 5G reconfigurable antennas. Whereas MIMO based solutions can provide increased channel capacity, they demand high computational capability and power consumption due to multiple channel processing. This prevents their use in many applications most notably in the Internet of Things where power consumption is of key importance. A switched-beam diversity allows an energy-efficient solution improving the link budget even for small low-cost battery operated IoT/sensor network ...


Introducing A New Cement Hydration And Microstructure Model, Niall Holmes, Anselm Griffin, Bernard Enright, Denis Keliher Aug 2018

Introducing A New Cement Hydration And Microstructure Model, Niall Holmes, Anselm Griffin, Bernard Enright, Denis Keliher

Conference papers

This paper presents a new cement hydration model to predict the microstructure evolution of hydrating tricalcium silicate (C3S). The model is written in MATLAB and employs the continuum approach and integrated particle kinetic relationships to show the change in C3S and the growth of Calcium Silicate Hydrate (C-S-H) and Calcium Hydroxide (CH) in the pore space over time.

Cement hydration is a highly complex process. While hydration models should never completely remove experimental analysis, they are an aid to better understand cement hydration and microstructure development by providing a method to analyse a large number of pastes with different cementitious ...


Serialised Holography For Brand Protection And Authentication, Dinesh Vather, Izabela Naydenova, Dervil Cody, Monika Zawadzka, Suzanne Martin, Emilia Mihaylova, Stephen Curran, Paul Duffy, Josune Portillo, Daniel Connell, Stephen Mcdonnell, Vincent Toal Aug 2018

Serialised Holography For Brand Protection And Authentication, Dinesh Vather, Izabela Naydenova, Dervil Cody, Monika Zawadzka, Suzanne Martin, Emilia Mihaylova, Stephen Curran, Paul Duffy, Josune Portillo, Daniel Connell, Stephen Mcdonnell, Vincent Toal

Articles

The problems presented by counterfeit products and documentation are discussed. Limitations of existing holograms for anti-counterfeit applications are described. We describe the advantages of full holographic serialisation and the requirements in terms of materials and techniques for mass production of true serialised holograms. These requirements having been met, we report for the first time the mass production of fully serialised holograms. The novelty of approach consists of the direct use of product manufacturer’s information as the object in a holographic recording system along with a self-processing photopolymer and modular optical system to facilitate mass production of truly serialised volume ...


Numerical Modelling Of Red Blood Cell Structural Mechanics, Mingzhu Chen Jul 2018

Numerical Modelling Of Red Blood Cell Structural Mechanics, Mingzhu Chen

Doctoral

Red blood cells (RBCs) are the most abundant cellular elements in blood and their main function is the oxygen delivery. Structurally RBCs are highly deformable membrane-bounded liquid-core capsules. The deformability is critical to fulfill the functionality and is greatly affected by the RBC structural mechanics. Due to the small size, in vivo/vitro studies of the RBCs are often impossible where, being an alternative, numerical modellings stand out to be a robust approach to investigate the the RBC. In the recent years the spring-particle-based (SP) RBC modelling becomes very popular due to the simplicity and extensive modelling capability over the ...


Strategic Competences For Pricing Quantity Surveying Consultancy Services, Michael Adesi, De-Graft Owusu-Manu Dr, Róisín Murphy Dr Jun 2018

Strategic Competences For Pricing Quantity Surveying Consultancy Services, Michael Adesi, De-Graft Owusu-Manu Dr, Róisín Murphy Dr

Articles

Professional quantity surveying (QS) services are critical to successful delivery of construction projects within planned budget, quality, and duration. The supply of QS professional services is largely dependent on the price level of services and the willingness of clients to pay. The pricing of professional QS consultancy services has been confronted with a myriad of pricing challenges due to rapid changes in the business environment; the pervasive influence of information technology; and the complexity of clients’ expectation. It isthereforenecessary for QS consultancy firms to develop strategic competence for the pricing of their services. In addition, numerous studies have not given ...


The Academic Perspective: A Study Of Academic Conceptions Of The Importance Of Professional Skills In Engineering Programmes In Ireland, Una Beagon May 2018

The Academic Perspective: A Study Of Academic Conceptions Of The Importance Of Professional Skills In Engineering Programmes In Ireland, Una Beagon

Conference papers

This presentation outlines a phenomenographic research study which aims to explore engineering academics experiences and conceptions towards developing professional skills within engineering students in Ireland. The research is undertaken in two phases. Phase One is an online survey circulated to academics teaching on engineering programmes in Ireland (n=273). Phase Two will consist of in-depth interviews.

The overall phenomenographic study aims to answer the research question;

  • What are the qualitatively different ways that academics experience and conceptualise teaching and the development of professional skills in engineering programmes in Ireland?


Development And Validation Of A Numerical Model Of The Co2 Dry-Ice Blasting Process For Aircraft Engine Cleaning Applications, Arthur Rudek May 2018

Development And Validation Of A Numerical Model Of The Co2 Dry-Ice Blasting Process For Aircraft Engine Cleaning Applications, Arthur Rudek

Doctoral

On-wing cleaning of engine compressors for commercial aircraft is a required maintenance task which results in greater operating efficiency and lower emission rates. It is typically carried out by injection of water and detergents into the intake of an engine while the engine is being cranked by the starter. Two drawbacks of this process are the risk of icing in cold weather and the collection and treatment of the water effluent. The dry-ice blasting process, a cleaning system which uses pressurized air and CO2 dry-ice particles as cleaning agent, has been proposed as an alternative method which does not suffer ...


Emerging Technologies For The Pretreatment Of Lignocellulosic Biomass, Shady S. Hassan, Gwilym Williams, Amit Jaiswal Apr 2018

Emerging Technologies For The Pretreatment Of Lignocellulosic Biomass, Shady S. Hassan, Gwilym Williams, Amit Jaiswal

Articles

Pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass to overcome its intrinsic recalcitrant nature prior to the production of valuable chemicals has been studied for nearly 200 years. Research has targeted eco-friendly, economical and time-effective solutions, together with a simplified large-scale operational approach. Commonly used pretreatment methods, such as chemical, physico-chemical and biological techniques are still insufficient to meet optimal industrial production requirements in a sustainable way. Recently, advances in applied chemistry approaches conducted under extreme and non-classical conditions has led to possible commercial solutions in the marketplace (e.g. High hydrostatic pressure, High pressure homogenizer, Microwave, Ultrasound technologies). These new industrial technologies are ...


Information Technology (It) For Strategy Formulation In Irish Quantity Surveying Firms: A Literature Review, Michael Adesi, Roisin Murphy, Dermot Kehily Apr 2018

Information Technology (It) For Strategy Formulation In Irish Quantity Surveying Firms: A Literature Review, Michael Adesi, Roisin Murphy, Dermot Kehily

Conference papers

The purpose of this study is to provide a critical review of existing studies on strategy to demonstrate the influence of information technology on strategy formulation in quantity surveying practices in Ireland. The paper focuses on the influence of IT on the strategic planning and decision making process of QS practices in Ireland. A key finding from the study supports the potential to apply dynamic capability theory emanating from the Resource Based View (RBV) of the firm to construction Professional Service Firms (PSF’s) in Ireland. The framework presented in this paper has the potential for advancing future research agenda ...


Social Contagion And Knowledge Acquisition In Construction Professional Service Firms, Oluwasegun O. Seriki, Roisin Murphy Apr 2018

Social Contagion And Knowledge Acquisition In Construction Professional Service Firms, Oluwasegun O. Seriki, Roisin Murphy

Conference papers

The construction industry in Ireland, including professional service firms (PSF’s) operating therein, are undergoing a period of change and uncertainty driven by economic, demographic, political and technological factors. While considerable evidence exists demonstrating the relationship between environmental turbulence on organisational decision making, there remains a distinct lack of focus on behavioural patterns affecting decision-making process of construction firms. Social contagion (SC) theory asserts that the spread of ideas, attitudes, or behaviour patterns in a group is achieved through imitation and conformity, and is well established within social sciences research, and is increasingly being used to analyse organisational behaviour. However ...


Study Of Mm-Wave Microstrip Patch Array On Curved Substrate, Zeeshan Ahmed, Kansheng Yang, Patrick Mcevoy, Max Ammann Apr 2018

Study Of Mm-Wave Microstrip Patch Array On Curved Substrate, Zeeshan Ahmed, Kansheng Yang, Patrick Mcevoy, Max Ammann

Conference papers

A millimetre wave rectangular microstrip patch antenna array for fifth generation communications (5G) applications is presented. With the increase in demand for high data rates and capacity, there is a need to include mm-Wave frequencies for 5G. The 4×2 patch array is simulated and fabricated on a Rogers RT/Duroid 5880 substrate with a thickness of 0.25 mm. The effects of bending the substrate on the antenna performance are also presented. The experimental results show a fractional bandwidth and gain of more than 3% and 16.1 dBi, respectively.


Secrecy And Randomness: Encoding Cloud Data Locally Using A One-Time Pad, Paul Tobin, Michael Mckeever, Lee Edward Tobin, Jonathan Blackledge Feb 2018

Secrecy And Randomness: Encoding Cloud Data Locally Using A One-Time Pad, Paul Tobin, Michael Mckeever, Lee Edward Tobin, Jonathan Blackledge

Articles

There is no secrecy without randomness, and we address poor cloud security using an analogue chaotic onetime pad encryption system to achieve perfect secrecy. Local encoding returns control to the client and makes stored cloud data unreadable to an adversary. Most cloud service providers encode client data using public encryption algorithms, but ultimately businesses and organisations are responsible for encoding data locally before uploading to the Cloud. As recommended by the Cloud Security Alliance, companies employing authentication and local encryption will reduce or eliminate, EU fines for late data breach discoveries when the EU implements the new general data protection ...


Identification Of Unique Features And Exploration Of Leap Motion Controller For Detecting Hand Hygiene Stages, Rashmi Bakshi, Jane Courtney, Damon Berry, Graham Gavin Jan 2018

Identification Of Unique Features And Exploration Of Leap Motion Controller For Detecting Hand Hygiene Stages, Rashmi Bakshi, Jane Courtney, Damon Berry, Graham Gavin

Conference Papers

Hospital acquired infections (HAIs) are contracted by the patients during the hospital stay. Antibiotic resistant microbes are the major cause and spread due to the contaminated medical equipment, crowded hospitals, frequent transfer of patients from one unit to another and poor hand hygiene. [1] In high income countries, approximately 30% of patients in intensive care units are affected by at least one HAI. [2] Hand hygiene is identified as a measure to prevent cross-transmission and to reduce the rate of HAI. [3] Technology is now used as a means of assessing hand hygiene compliance. Current approaches involve the use of ...


Trades And Apprenticeships Skills Survey: The Employers Perspective, Eoghan Ó Murchadha, Roisin Murphy Jan 2018

Trades And Apprenticeships Skills Survey: The Employers Perspective, Eoghan Ó Murchadha, Roisin Murphy

Reports

The construction sector in Ireland has gone through a period of extremes in the last decade, from an exceptionally high growth to deep and prolonged recession. The backdrop to this report, however, is one of favourable economic and industry conditions. Economic growth is positive, exchequer balances are improving, unemployment continues to decline and sentiment within the construction industry is strong across most sub-sectors.

The construction labour market however, remains in a state of disequilibrium. The severe recession had devastating consequences on construction firms in Ireland resulting in company closures, redundancy and mass emigration. At the same time the number of ...


Capacity Enhancement And Flexible Operation Of Unified Power Quality Conditioner In Smart And Microgrid Network, Shafiuzzaman Khan Khadem, Malabika Basu, Michael Conlon Jan 2018

Capacity Enhancement And Flexible Operation Of Unified Power Quality Conditioner In Smart And Microgrid Network, Shafiuzzaman Khan Khadem, Malabika Basu, Michael Conlon

Reports

This paper presents a new approach to design Unified Power Quality Conditioner (UPQC), termed as distributed UPQC (D-UPQC), for smart or microgrid network where capacity enhancement and flexible operation of UPQC are the important issues. This paper shows the possibility of capacity enhancement and operational flexibility of UPQC through a coordinated control of existing resources. This UPQC consists of a single unit series active power filter (APFse) and multiple shunt APF (APFsh) units in a distributed (parallel) mode. These units can be connected with a common/separate dc linked capacitor(s). The requirement of capacity enhancement arises from the flexibility ...


Cost Benefit Evaluation Of Maintenance Options For Aging Equipment Using Monetised Risk Values: A Practical Application, Maria Chiara Leva, G. Baldissone, R. Caso, M. Demichela, L. Lawlor, B. Mcaleer Jan 2018

Cost Benefit Evaluation Of Maintenance Options For Aging Equipment Using Monetised Risk Values: A Practical Application, Maria Chiara Leva, G. Baldissone, R. Caso, M. Demichela, L. Lawlor, B. Mcaleer

Conference Papers

With constant pressure to reduce maintenance costs as well as short-term budget constraints in a changing market environment, asset managers are compelled to continue operating aging assets while deferring maintenance and investment. The scope of the paper is to get an overview of the methods used to evaluate risks and opportunities for deferred maintenance interventions on aging equipment, and underline the importance to include monetised risk considerations and timeline considerations, to evaluate different scenarios connected with the possible options. Monetised risk values offer the opportunity to support risk-based decision-making using the data collected from the field. The paper presents examples ...


A Coated Spherical Micro-Resonator For Measurement Of Water Vapor Concentration At Ppm Levels In Very Low Humidity Environments, Arun Mallik, Gerald Farrell, Dejun Liu, Vishnan Kavungal, Qiang Wu, Yuliya Semenova Jan 2018

A Coated Spherical Micro-Resonator For Measurement Of Water Vapor Concentration At Ppm Levels In Very Low Humidity Environments, Arun Mallik, Gerald Farrell, Dejun Liu, Vishnan Kavungal, Qiang Wu, Yuliya Semenova

Conference Papers

This paper presents a novel approach to measurements of low relative humidity (RH) values based on the whispering gallery modes (WGMs) effect in a small silica microsphere coated with a thin layer of Agarose hydrogel. The light from a narrow-linewidth tunable laser with a few GHz tuning range is launched into an adiabatic tapered fiber, which excites WGMs in the Agarose layer via evanescent coupling. Adsorption and desorption of water vapor by the Agarose layer in response to changes in ambient humidity lead to changes in the layer’s refractive index, which in turn leads to a spectral shift of ...


Influence Of Atmospheric Clearness On Pdlc Switchable Glazing Transmission, Aritra Ghosh, Brian Norton, Tapas K. Mallick Jan 2018

Influence Of Atmospheric Clearness On Pdlc Switchable Glazing Transmission, Aritra Ghosh, Brian Norton, Tapas K. Mallick

Articles

Electrically activated switchable polymer dispersed liquid crystal (PDLC) is suitable for adaptive windows. A particular type requires 20V to become 71% transparent while in the absence of power it is 27% transparent. Glazing transmission changes with light incident angle. As the clearness of a sky changes the fraction changes alter of direct insolation (that has an azimuthally changing incident) and diffuse insolation (that has a largely constant incident). Thus, the effective overall incident angle determining the glazing transmittance also changes. In this work for the first time, the variation of PDLC glazing transmission with clearness index has been investigated.


Calcium Alginate Capsules Encapsulating Rejuvenator As Healing System For Asphalt Mastic, S. Xu, Amir Tabakovic, X. Liu, E. Schlangen Jan 2018

Calcium Alginate Capsules Encapsulating Rejuvenator As Healing System For Asphalt Mastic, S. Xu, Amir Tabakovic, X. Liu, E. Schlangen

Articles

Researchers have demonstrated that the rejuvenator encapsulation method is a promising autonomic self-healing approach for asphalt pavements, where by the self-healing system improves the healing capacity of an asphalt pavement mix. However, potentially high environmental risk via leaching of hazardous chemicals such as melamine formaldehyde renders the technology unsuitable for widespread use in road design. This paper explores the potential for the use of more environmentally friendly and economically viable rejuvenator encapsulation method, where the calcium alginate is used as rejuvenator encapsulation material. The capsule morphology and microstructure were studied using the Microscopy and X-ray tomography. Capsules thermal and mechanical ...


Thermo-Optic Tuning Of A Packaged Whispering Gallery Mode Resonator Filled With Nematic Liquid Crystal, Vishnan Kavungal, Gerald Farrell, Qiang Wu, Arun Mallik, Yuliya Semenova Jan 2018

Thermo-Optic Tuning Of A Packaged Whispering Gallery Mode Resonator Filled With Nematic Liquid Crystal, Vishnan Kavungal, Gerald Farrell, Qiang Wu, Arun Mallik, Yuliya Semenova

Articles

Thermo-optic tuning of whispering gallery modes (WGMs) in a nematic liquid crystal-filled thin-walled capillary tube resonator is reported. WGMs were excited by the evanescent field from a tapered optical fiber. Tapered optical fiber fabrication and reduction of wall thickness of the capillary tube was carried out by a ceramic micro-heater brushing technique. A simple and robust packaging technique is demonstrated to ensure stable and repeatable operation of the device. Tunability of WGMs with temperature was demonstrated with a sensitivity of 267.5 ± 2.5 pm/°C. The demonstrated thermo-optic method for WGMs tuning is potentially useful for many tunable photonic ...


Adapt At Semeval-2018 Task 9: Skip-Gram Word Embeddings For Unsupervised Hypernym Discovery In Specialised Corpora, Alfredo Maldonado, Filip Klubicka Jan 2018

Adapt At Semeval-2018 Task 9: Skip-Gram Word Embeddings For Unsupervised Hypernym Discovery In Specialised Corpora, Alfredo Maldonado, Filip Klubicka

Other resources

This paper describes a simple but competitive unsupervised system for hypernym discovery. The system uses skip-gram word embeddings with negative sampling, trained on specialised corpora. Candidate hypernyms for an input word are predicted based on cosine similar- ity scores. Two sets of word embedding mod- els were trained separately on two specialised corpora: a medical corpus and a music indus- try corpus. Our system scored highest in the medical domain among the competing unsu- pervised systems but performed poorly on the music industry domain. Our approach does not depend on any external data other than raw specialised corpora.


The Different Stages Of Prpd Pattern For Positive Point To Plane Corona Driven By A Dc Voltage Containing A Ripple, Tobias Dezenzo, Thomas Betz, Andreas Schwarzbacher Jan 2018

The Different Stages Of Prpd Pattern For Positive Point To Plane Corona Driven By A Dc Voltage Containing A Ripple, Tobias Dezenzo, Thomas Betz, Andreas Schwarzbacher

Articles

The different phase resolved partial discharge patterns, which can be recognized when a positive dc voltage containing a ripple due to a half-wave rectification is used are presented in this paper. Results are given from corona onset to the appearance of breakdown streamers. The outcomes are five different patterns, which represent the four stages of positive corona and their transition zones. Three of them are clearly identifiable with respect to patterns from other discharge sources that have already been reported for dc voltages containing a ripple. For an assessment of pattern formation discharge pulses as recorded at the test object ...


Quantity Surveying Professional Apprenticeships: A Paragon For The Supply Of Talent In The Irish Construction Industry, Eoghan Ó Murchadha, Roisin Murphy Jan 2018

Quantity Surveying Professional Apprenticeships: A Paragon For The Supply Of Talent In The Irish Construction Industry, Eoghan Ó Murchadha, Roisin Murphy

Conference papers

The construction industry in Ireland has undergone considerable change in the last decade, the effect of which has resulted in a legacy malfunction in the construction labour market. The recent construction downturn led to high levels of construction unemployment, resulting in the mass emigration of construction professionals. Additionally, perceptions of job uncertainty in construction deterred new entrants into construction-related training and education programmes such as Quantity Surveying. If a skills gap is allowed to prevail, then there is a tangible threat to the industry’s cost competitiveness. As such, value for money becomes merely theoretical, and the cost to the ...