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Articles 61 - 64 of 64

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Effect Of Land Cover Heterogeneity On Soil Moisture Retrieval Using Active Microwave Remote Sensing Data, Tarendra Lakhankar, Hosni Ghedira, Marouane Temimi, Amir E. Azar, Reza Khanbilvardi Jan 2009

Effect Of Land Cover Heterogeneity On Soil Moisture Retrieval Using Active Microwave Remote Sensing Data, Tarendra Lakhankar, Hosni Ghedira, Marouane Temimi, Amir E. Azar, Reza Khanbilvardi

Publications and Research

This study addresses the issue of the variability and heterogeneity problems that are expected from a sensor with a larger footprint having homogenous and heterogeneous sub-pixels. Improved understanding of spatial variability of soil surface characteristics such as land cover and vegetation in larger footprint are critical in remote sensing based soil moisture retrieval. This study analyzes the sub-pixel variability (standard deviation of subgrid pixels) of Normalized Difference Vegetation Index and SAR backscatter. Backpropagation neural network was used for soil moisture retrieval from active microwave remote sensing data from Southern Great Plains of Oklahoma. The effect of land cover heterogeneity (number ...


Generating Multi-Sensor Precipitation Estimates Over Radar Gap Areas, Shayesteh E. Mahani, Reza Khanbilvardi Jan 2009

Generating Multi-Sensor Precipitation Estimates Over Radar Gap Areas, Shayesteh E. Mahani, Reza Khanbilvardi

Publications and Research

Generating a multi-sensor precipitation product over radar gap area is the objective of the present study. A merging approach is developed to improve Satellite-based Precipitation Estimates (SPE) by merging with ground-based Radar Rainfall (RR) estimates because remote satellites are the only source that can collect information from areas where are inaccessible by ground-based radar and/or rain gauge networks. The merging algorithm is capable of extending radar information from pixels with available RR to their neighboring pixels with no radar information by merging RR with SPE, which is, usually, available for all pixels. SPE is combined with RR using the ...


Tunnel Geology As Seen By Geologists: Manhattan, New York City, Nazrul I. Khandaker, Stanley Schleifer, Masud Ahmed, Alan R. Slaughter, Belal A. Sayeed, Dorean J. Flores, Mario Jo-Ramirez Oct 2005

Tunnel Geology As Seen By Geologists: Manhattan, New York City, Nazrul I. Khandaker, Stanley Schleifer, Masud Ahmed, Alan R. Slaughter, Belal A. Sayeed, Dorean J. Flores, Mario Jo-Ramirez

Publications and Research

Current exploratory boring operations in and around Manhattan, New York City are providing geologists and geotechnical engineers with a plethora of new and interesting geological information, which has not been previously reported. The rocks encountered, mostly medium to high-grade metamorphic rocks, with both mafic and felsic intrusives, are highly variable in competency and mechanical durability. One of the most frequently encountered rock types is a garnetiferous-muscovite-biotite schist which grades into schistose gneiss and displays a wide variety of structural, compositional, and textural attributes. Metamorphic minerals showing the variable degree of metamorphism include graphite, talc, garnet, kyanite, tourmaline, emory, and occasionally ...


Novel Carbon-Carbon Bond Oxidative Cleavage Of Hexabenzyl-Hexaazaisowurtzitane By N-Buono And (Nh4)2ce(No3)6, Xiao-Pei Guan, Hong Yan, Jian-Guang Sun, Yong-Zhong Yu Mar 1999

Novel Carbon-Carbon Bond Oxidative Cleavage Of Hexabenzyl-Hexaazaisowurtzitane By N-Buono And (Nh4)2ce(No3)6, Xiao-Pei Guan, Hong Yan, Jian-Guang Sun, Yong-Zhong Yu

Publications and Research

Treatment of 2,4,6,8,10,12-hexabenzyl-2,4,6,8,10,12-hexaazatetracyclo-[5.5.0.05,9.03,11]dodecane with n-butyl nitrite or ammonium cerium nitrate results in novel C(1)-C(7) oxidative cleavage to give 1,3,4,5,7,8-hexabenzyl-cis-cisoid-cis-hexahydro-1H,5H-diimidazolinium[4,5-b:4′,5′-e]pyrazine dinitrate.