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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Improving Logistics Efficiency Through Collaborative Truck Routing, Patrick Dougherty May 2021

Improving Logistics Efficiency Through Collaborative Truck Routing, Patrick Dougherty

Industrial Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The logistics industry is among the world’s largest and most essential. Specifically, trucking is a massive component of the modern logistics system. In 2012, truck transportation carried 68% of all freight tonnage in the U.S. However, trucking currently faces significant problems with efficiency and sustainability. Of all miles driven by trucks yearly in the U.S., 25% are driven with empty loads and 36% are driven with underutilized loads. In addition to this economic inefficiency, the industry faces social and environmental challenges. Driver turnover rates are near 100%, and trucking accounts for a significant level of greenhouse gas ...


Analysis Of Shear-Strength In Weathered Shale Strata Along A Highway Slope Failure Site In Northwest Arkansas, Olivia Overton May 2021

Analysis Of Shear-Strength In Weathered Shale Strata Along A Highway Slope Failure Site In Northwest Arkansas, Olivia Overton

Civil Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Slope failures cost millions of dollars per year to repair and can be deadly. Accurate modeling of slope conditions, including soil parameters, water table locations, and depth to bedrock, are essential to determining the overall stability of a slope. This project is a continuation of the work completed in 2019 by a former University of Arkansas researcher, Vanessa LeBow. LeBow RocScience used Slide2 modeling software to model two highway embankment slopes in Northwest Arkansas that experienced slope movement to determine whether increased use of geophysical data could increase the accuracy of slope stability models. A parametric study of shear strengths ...


Site Development Services At Mcghee Tyson Airport, Luke A. Edwards, Tyler Bomar, Scott Cole, Samuel Enders, Matthew Dearborn May 2021

Site Development Services At Mcghee Tyson Airport, Luke A. Edwards, Tyler Bomar, Scott Cole, Samuel Enders, Matthew Dearborn

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Evaluating The Effects Of Seismic Loading On Concrete Reinforced Versus Precast Concrete Slab Floor Systems, Mahima Maharjan May 2021

Evaluating The Effects Of Seismic Loading On Concrete Reinforced Versus Precast Concrete Slab Floor Systems, Mahima Maharjan

Honors Theses

This thesis is part of the senior design capstone project of Ole Miss Department of Civil Engineering. The seismic loadings for the commercial buildings project located in Oxford, Mississippi are evaluated to fulfill the honor thesis requirement. This thesis follows the codes from American Concrete Institute (ACI), International Building Code (IBC), and ASCE-7/SEI (Minimum Design Loads and Associated Criteria for Buildings and Other Structures/Structural Engineering Institute) to design the gravitational loadings and seismic loadings.

Furthermore, a reinforced concrete slab flooring system is replaced with a precast slab flooring system to analyze the most seismic performance effective floor system ...


Design Of Load Bearing Wall For Low Rise Building With Partially Grouted Reinforced Masonry, Anil Bhatt May 2021

Design Of Load Bearing Wall For Low Rise Building With Partially Grouted Reinforced Masonry, Anil Bhatt

Honors Theses

The seismic and wind load acting on the 2-storeyed building of dimension 120 ft x 98 ft located in Oxford, MS, were calculated and the seismic load was considered for the design of the 120 ft long and 24 ft high load-bearing wall because it being critical. The maximum loading was computed using different load combinations. The masonry behavior and masonry specifications were considered to select the masonry unit, grout, and mortar for the load-bearing wall. The seismic design requirement for the shear and slender wall was fulfilled for the special reinforced masonry wall. The in-plane and out-of-plane loading scenarios ...


Development Of Hybrid Ultra-High Performance Concrete Thermoplastic Composite Panels For Blast And Ballistic Protection, Alyssa M. Libby May 2021

Development Of Hybrid Ultra-High Performance Concrete Thermoplastic Composite Panels For Blast And Ballistic Protection, Alyssa M. Libby

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In recent years, ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC) has become a material of interest for structures needing resistance to impact and blast loadings. These types of loadings have induced brittle flexural failure in UHPC due to punching shear from the impactor. One way to improve the impact resistance, energy absorption, and ductility of UHPC is by adding fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) skins to the front and rear faces of the concrete, resulting in a sandwich configuration. In this study, E-glass fiber-reinforced thermoplastic laminates were bonded to UHPC panels using a heated consolidation process known as stamp thermoforming. The bond between the UHPC ...


Semi-Annual Progress Report #8, Missouri University Of Science And Technology. Inspire - University Transportation Center Apr 2021

Semi-Annual Progress Report #8, Missouri University Of Science And Technology. Inspire - University Transportation Center

Semi-Annual Progress Reports

No abstract provided.


Enercon Station Vacuum Pump Replacement, Clint Hembree, Jared D'Amico, Connor Moore, Paul Jeffrey Fontenot, Sydnee Castello, J.J. Clements Apr 2021

Enercon Station Vacuum Pump Replacement, Clint Hembree, Jared D'Amico, Connor Moore, Paul Jeffrey Fontenot, Sydnee Castello, J.J. Clements

Senior Design Project For Engineers

This details the progress of the ENERCON pump replacement project as completed by the Kennesaw State University interdisciplinary senior design group. This project is a two-semester capstone effort for the engineering program at Southern Polytechnic School of Engineering, overseen by Dr. McFall during Fall 2020 and Dr. Khalid during Spring 2021 semesters. The 2020-2021 KSU Interdisciplinary Senior Design team was tasked with completing an Engineering Change Package (ECP) for existing vacuum pumps at ENERCON Station. The mechanical, electrical, and civil students worked together, performing evaluations on existing plant systems to ensure the plant could support the new vacuum pumps. By ...


Burst Capacity Evaluation Of Corroded Pipelines Under Internal Pressure And Internal Pressure Combined With Longitudinal Compression, Shulong Zhang Apr 2021

Burst Capacity Evaluation Of Corroded Pipelines Under Internal Pressure And Internal Pressure Combined With Longitudinal Compression, Shulong Zhang

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Central to the design and integrity assessment of oil and gas transmission pipelines is to accurately evaluate their pressure containment capacities, i.e. burst capacities. Corrosion defects threaten the structural integrity of pipelines as they cause thinning of the pipe wall and therefore reduce the burst capacity. Corroded in-service pipelines may be subjected to longitudinal compression resulting from, for example, ground movement or formation of free spans, in addition to internal pressures. The main objective of the research reported in this thesis is to facilitate Fitness-For-Service (FFS) assessment of corroded pipelines.

The first study investigates the conservatism associated with the ...


Modeling Considerations For Built-Up Compression Members In Communication Towers, Ghada M. El-Mahdy P.Eng., Ceng, Amro A. Alawamry Apr 2021

Modeling Considerations For Built-Up Compression Members In Communication Towers, Ghada M. El-Mahdy P.Eng., Ceng, Amro A. Alawamry

Civil Engineering

It is a well-established fact that built-up compression members exhibit extra flexibility than their equivalent solid members due to the shear action which effects the overall stability. This is usually taken into consideration by using a modified slenderness ratio for buckling modes that involve relative deformation of the interconnectors. Built-up members are often used as space truss members in communication towers. When modeling communication towers in structural analysis programs like SAP2000, the built-up member is usually defined as a single member element with a double section cross section. This does not catch the increase in deflection in the member due ...


Evaluation Of Permanent Concrete Barriers To Mash 2016, Samuel Elias Hovde Apr 2021

Evaluation Of Permanent Concrete Barriers To Mash 2016, Samuel Elias Hovde

Civil and Environmental Engineering Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

The objective of this research project was to develop evaluation criteria for permanent concrete barriers to MASH 2016 TL-3 and TL-4 without crash testing and then to evaluate permanent concrete barrier standards provided by the sponsoring agencies of the Midwest Pooled Fund Program. A literature review was conducted to determine evaluation criteria for stability, shape, strength, and anchorage, and a database of permanent concrete barrier crash tests was compiled. A survey was conducted to collect barrier standards from the members of the Midwest Pooled Fund Program, and barriers were selected and evaluated according to the determined methodology. A total of ...


Buckling Of Thin Cylindrical Shells: Imperfection Sensitivity, Non-Destructive Technique For Capacity Prediction And Application For Wind Turbine Towers, Kshitij Kumar Yadav Apr 2021

Buckling Of Thin Cylindrical Shells: Imperfection Sensitivity, Non-Destructive Technique For Capacity Prediction And Application For Wind Turbine Towers, Kshitij Kumar Yadav

Doctoral Dissertations

The presence of imperfections significantly reduces the load-carrying capacity of thin cylindrical shells and the reduction depends on the shape and the size of the imperfections. As a result, the prediction of the shells' buckling capacity requires a priori knowledge about the imperfections---a difficult, expansive, and time-consuming adventure, if not impossible. Consequently, thin cylindrical shells are designed conservatively using the knockdown factor approach that accommodates the uncertainties associated with the imperfections present in the cylinders; almost all the design codes follow this approach explicitly or implicitly. However, cylindrical shells can be designed more efficiently by making them insensitive to imperfections ...


Cold-Formed Steel Stud Assemblies Bearing On Concrete Slabs, Abbas Joorabchian Apr 2021

Cold-Formed Steel Stud Assemblies Bearing On Concrete Slabs, Abbas Joorabchian

Doctoral Dissertations

Cold-formed steel (CFS) bearing walls are frequently installed on concrete slabs, which do not provide perfectly rigid and uniform bearing conditions. Existing design guidance assumes bearing conditions have no impact on the axial capacity, though cold-formed steel compressive members are particularly susceptible to end conditions. Studs are typically installed at the edge of concrete slabs, which is prone to spalling and geometric irregularities. Moreover, they are occasionally installed inadvertently overhanging from concrete slabs. In this research project, the impact of non-uniform and partial bearing conditions on the axial strength of cold-formed steel wall assemblies is identified and characterized experimentally and ...


Utilizing Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (Uavs) For The Estimation Of Beam Corrosion Of Steel Bridge Girders, Gabrielle Pryor Apr 2021

Utilizing Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (Uavs) For The Estimation Of Beam Corrosion Of Steel Bridge Girders, Gabrielle Pryor

Masters Theses

The transportation infrastructure in the United States is a complex system that is vital to the everyday operations of the country. Bridges are a significant asset of this network, with many of them approaching the end of their service life. Corrosion is a common cause of deterioration which ultimately results to structural deficiency for the aging bridges. The deterioration rate is a multi-aspect factor that makes bridge inspections crucial. However, the current bridge inspections are very costly and potentially unsafe for the involved personnel. To lower costs and increase safety, many state DOT’s and universities have decided to perform ...


Artificial Intelligence Driven Infrastructure Management And Maintenance Plan, Julian Jesso Apr 2021

Artificial Intelligence Driven Infrastructure Management And Maintenance Plan, Julian Jesso

PhD Dissertations and Master's Theses

Rapid development in trucking technology and increasing demands in freight transportation has led to longer and heavier vehicles traveling on Florida’s highway system. Vehicles with gross vehicle weight (GVW) over 80,000 pounds, or permit vehicles, have significant effects on infrastructure, thus requiring an approved permit prior to departure. The combination of these increasing loads and harsh environmental conditions that Florida is subject to requires an enhanced infrastructure management program. Additionally, there is a need to eliminate inconsistencies in permit applications and derive a uniform maintenance practice for Florida’s infrastructure. In this research, the focus was to develop ...


Advanced Concrete Composites For Improved Performance: A Bibliometric Survey, Dhruv Patel, Aryan Tiwari, Nishnat Nikhare, Rohit Shinde, Ashutosh Dubey, Manan Shah, Shalaka Hire, Sayali Sandbhor Mar 2021

Advanced Concrete Composites For Improved Performance: A Bibliometric Survey, Dhruv Patel, Aryan Tiwari, Nishnat Nikhare, Rohit Shinde, Ashutosh Dubey, Manan Shah, Shalaka Hire, Sayali Sandbhor

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Concrete is the core component of any civil engineering construction. Conventional concrete can be modified depending upon the needs and requirements of the construction. Such concrete is called advanced concrete and this report aims to study advanced concrete and its composites. The main objective of this report is to perform a bibliographic survey on the latest research literature available under the domain of advanced concrete composites for improved performance. Timespan considered for the survey is from the year 2015 to 2020. The bibliographic survey consists of literature from online platforms such as the Web of Science (WoS) and Scopus database ...


Human-Robot Collaboration For Effective Bridge Inspection In The Artificial Intelligence Era, Ruwen Qin Mar 2021

Human-Robot Collaboration For Effective Bridge Inspection In The Artificial Intelligence Era, Ruwen Qin

INSPIRE Archived Webinars

Advancements in sensor, Artificial Intelligence (AI), and robotic technologies have formed a foundation to enable a transformation from traditional engineering systems to complex adaptive systems. This paradigm shift will bring exciting changes to civil infrastructure systems and their builders, operators and managers. Funded by the INSPIRE University Transportation Center (UTC), Dr. Qin’s group investigated the holism of an AI-robot-inspector system for bridge inspection. Dr. Qin will discuss the need for close collaboration among the constituent components of the AI-robot-inspector system. In the workplace of bridge inspection using drones, the mobile robotic inspection platform rapidly collected big inspection video data ...


Development Of Design Tables For The Cold-Formed Steel Cross-Sections In Aisi D100, Committee On Specifications For The Design Of Cold-Formed Steel Structural Members Mar 2021

Development Of Design Tables For The Cold-Formed Steel Cross-Sections In Aisi D100, Committee On Specifications For The Design Of Cold-Formed Steel Structural Members

American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) Specifications, Standards, Manuals and Research Reports (1946 - present)

This report with the tables in an Excel file intends to provide the local and distortional buckling strengths for the cross-sections provided in AISI Cold-Formed Steel Design Manual to aid design engineers.


Development Of Cufsm Hole Module And Design Tables For The Cold-Formed Steel Cross-Sections With Typical Web Holes In Aisi D100, Committee On Specifications For The Design Of Cold-Formed Steel Structural Members Mar 2021

Development Of Cufsm Hole Module And Design Tables For The Cold-Formed Steel Cross-Sections With Typical Web Holes In Aisi D100, Committee On Specifications For The Design Of Cold-Formed Steel Structural Members

American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) Specifications, Standards, Manuals and Research Reports (1946 - present)

This report summarizes the effort to develop a simple hole module to perform elastic buckling analysis to obtain the design parameters needed for DSM considering the influence of holes. The hole module requires simple inputs and direct outputs of the elastic buckling information of the local and distortional buckling modes for both gross sections and sections with hole influences.


Tutorials For Mastan 2 And Related Validation, Committee On Specifications For The Design Of Cold-Formed Steel Structural Members Mar 2021

Tutorials For Mastan 2 And Related Validation, Committee On Specifications For The Design Of Cold-Formed Steel Structural Members

American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) Specifications, Standards, Manuals and Research Reports (1946 - present)

This report creates the tutorials helping engineers to correctly model and analyze structural systems comprised of non-doubly symmetric sections using the latest version of MASTAN2. The report also validated a MASTAN2 model using non-doubly symmetric sections against results from a small test program. The following report and tutorials are provided:

AISI Small Project Summary – Tutorials for MASTAN2 and Related Validation

  • Tutorial for MASTAN2 v5.1 - Introductory Frame
  • Tutorial for MASTAN2 v5.1 - Pour Stop Beam
  • Tutorial for MASTAN2 v5.1 - Steel Joist


Quantitative Evaluation Of Asphalt Binder Extraction From Hot Mix Asphalt Pavement Using Ashing And Centrifuge Methods, Ahmed Hemida, Magdy Abdelrahman, Eslam Deef-Allah Mar 2021

Quantitative Evaluation Of Asphalt Binder Extraction From Hot Mix Asphalt Pavement Using Ashing And Centrifuge Methods, Ahmed Hemida, Magdy Abdelrahman, Eslam Deef-Allah

Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

Asphalt binder requires more investigation to be accurately and precisely extracted since it is an effective procedure for quality assurance quality control (QA/QC) and subsequent binder characterization. In this research, the authors presented a hands-on experience with binder extraction to deliver recommendations concerning the sensitive steps that may affect the outcomes (extracted binder content, Pbe%). Two mineral matter determination methods (ashing and centrifuge) were addressed based on the centrifuge extraction method. Field cores were investigated by comparing the Pbe% to the actual binder content, Pba%. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey Post-Hoc statistical analyses, in addition ...


Steel Diaphragm Innovation Initiative, Year 5, Final Report, American Iron And Steel Institute Mar 2021

Steel Diaphragm Innovation Initiative, Year 5, Final Report, American Iron And Steel Institute

American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) Specifications, Standards, Manuals and Research Reports (1946 - present)

Summary

The Steel Diaphragm Innovation Initiative (SDII) is a multi-year industry-academic-government partnership to advance the seismic performance of steel floor and roof diaphragms utilized in steel buildings. This report provides a final report for Year 5 of the overall 5-year SDII plan. Contributions in the final 12 months (1 Jan. 2020 – 31 Dec. 2020) include the following highlights.

Innovation and Practice:

  • Adoption in ASCE 7 of new provisions for bare steel deck including methods for buildings with rigid walls and flexible diaphragms, alternative diaphragm design with Rs, and special seismic detailing (following on from successful adoption in NEHRP and ...


Review Of Testing By Analysis For Potential Implementation Into Aisi Standards, Committee On Specifications For The Design Of Cold-Formed Steel Structural Members Mar 2021

Review Of Testing By Analysis For Potential Implementation Into Aisi Standards, Committee On Specifications For The Design Of Cold-Formed Steel Structural Members

American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) Specifications, Standards, Manuals and Research Reports (1946 - present)

New product development is crucial to allow innovation in the cold-formed steel structural industry. However, the required physical testing of new components and assemblies are often a cost barrier which prevents implementation and slows new product development. Testing by analysis can be a good alternative to physical testing as it reduces the expense and time for performing physical experiments, however, two considerations are necessary to ensure accurate results. First, it requires a rational engineering analysis to calculate the capacities and deformations of the system, and the requirements to produce accurate analyses must be explicitly stated. Second, it is necessary to ...


Exploring The Effect Of In-Plane Tensile Forces On The Two-Way Shear Strength: Review, Comparative Study And Future Works, Ahmed F. Deifalla, Eslam Mousa, Dina Yehia, Amr Abdelrahman Jan 2021

Exploring The Effect Of In-Plane Tensile Forces On The Two-Way Shear Strength: Review, Comparative Study And Future Works, Ahmed F. Deifalla, Eslam Mousa, Dina Yehia, Amr Abdelrahman

Future Engineering Journal

Two-way shear failure of slabs is a sudden one, which has catastrophic outcomes. Slabs with large spans may be subjected to in-plane tensile forces due to thermal or earthquake loading. There is a lack of agreement between various design codes regarding the significance of in-plane tensile forces on the two-way shear strength.

Two-way shear failure of slabs is a sudden one, which has catastrophic outcomes. Slabs with large dimensions may be subjected to in-plane tensile forces due to restraint or earthquake loading. There is a lack of agreement between various design codes regarding the significance of in-plane tensile forces on ...


Effect Of Reinforcement Around Web Opening On The Cyclic Behavior Of Exterior Rc Beam-Column Joints, Ahmed F. Deifalla, Amin Saleh, Sherif Elwan, Mostafa Hamad, Sherif Elzeiny Jan 2021

Effect Of Reinforcement Around Web Opening On The Cyclic Behavior Of Exterior Rc Beam-Column Joints, Ahmed F. Deifalla, Amin Saleh, Sherif Elwan, Mostafa Hamad, Sherif Elzeiny

Future Engineering Journal

In many situations, it is necessary to have a beam web opening in the plastic hinge location. However, very limited studies investigated the behavior of reinforced concrete (RC) beam-column joints with nearby beam web openings. A previous study was conducted for investigating the behavior of beam-column joints with unreinforced nearby web opening. In this study, the effect of adding additional reinforcing around a nearby web opening on the seismic behavior of RC exterior Beam-Column joints is being investigated. Nine full-scale beam-column joints were tested, four joints had an unreinforced opening, while five joints had reinforced opening. The behavior of the ...


Optimum Cross Section And Longitudinal Profile For Unstiffened Fully Composite Steel Beams, Ahmed M. Ebid Dr. Jan 2021

Optimum Cross Section And Longitudinal Profile For Unstiffened Fully Composite Steel Beams, Ahmed M. Ebid Dr.

Future Engineering Journal

Composite steel beam is commonly used element in multistory steel buildings today. The composite action between the concrete deck and the steel beam reduces both steel weight and deflection, accordingly, enhance floor economy and serviceability. Many earlier researches were carried out to optimize the design of the composite steel beams under both static loading and dynamic behavior. None of these researches was concerned in optimizing the cross section or the longitudinal profile of built-up composite steel beams. The aim of this research is to develop simple and practical equations to determine the optimum cross section dimensions and optimum longitudinal profile ...


Mechanically Spliced Precast Bridge Columns, Ted Sjurseth Jan 2021

Mechanically Spliced Precast Bridge Columns, Ted Sjurseth

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Mechanical bar splices provide an alternative to the traditional method of lap splicing to achieve reinforcement bar continuity in reinforced concrete. Even though mechanical bar splices can be used as new precast column connections to accelerate the bridge construction (ABC), The use of bar couplers in the plastic hinge region of bridge columns is prohibited by the current US codes since the effects of bar couplers on the seismic behavior of columns is not fully investigated. A bridge column including precast columns with couplers located in a high seismic region must be designed to handle large inelastic lateral deformations. The ...


Analysis Of Modern Barn Design, Gunther Soehnlen Jan 2021

Analysis Of Modern Barn Design, Gunther Soehnlen

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The agriculture industry is always changing. Barn structures are one of the most important aspects of the agriculture industry. As the agriculture industry changes, so does the design and construction of barns. There are many types of barns, but over the last 300 years four of the most prevalent types have been the Bank Barn, Open Span Truss Barn, Hoop Barn, and Transverse Frame Barn. The Bank Barn and Transverse Frame Barn have been popularly built for over 200 years. The Hoop Barn and the Open Span Truss Barn have been recently introduced to the industry, becoming popular within the ...


Inspire Newsletter Spring 2021, Missouri University Of Science And Technology. Inspire - University Transportation Center Jan 2021

Inspire Newsletter Spring 2021, Missouri University Of Science And Technology. Inspire - University Transportation Center

INSPIRE Newsletters

No abstract provided.


A Review Of Different Aspects Of Applying Asphalt And Bituminous Mixes Under A Railway Track, Kazem Jadidi, Morteza Esmaeili, Mehdi Kalantari, Moses Karakouzian Dec 2020

A Review Of Different Aspects Of Applying Asphalt And Bituminous Mixes Under A Railway Track, Kazem Jadidi, Morteza Esmaeili, Mehdi Kalantari, Moses Karakouzian

Civil & Environmental Engineering and Construction Faculty Publications

Asphalt is a common material that is used extensively for roadways. Furthermore, bituminous mixes have been used in railways, both as asphalt and as mortar. Different agencies and research institutes have investigated and suggested various applications. These studies indicate the benefits of bituminous material under railways, such as improving a substructure’s stiffness and bearing capacity; enhancing its dynamic characteristics and response, especially under high-speed train loads; waterproofing the subgrade; protecting the top layers against fine contamination. These potential applications can improve the overall track structure performance and lead to minimizing settlement under heavy loads. They can also guarantee an ...