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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Congressional Committee Resources On Space Policy During The 115th Congress (2017-2018): Providing Context And Insight Into Us Government Space Policy, Bert Chapman May 2020

Congressional Committee Resources On Space Policy During The 115th Congress (2017-2018): Providing Context And Insight Into Us Government Space Policy, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

Article 1 of the US Constitution assigns the US Congress numerous responsibilities. These include creating new laws, revising existing laws, funding government programs, and conducting oversight of these programs' performance. Oversight of US Government agency space policy programs is executed by various congressional space policy committees including the House and Senate Science Committees, Armed Services, and Appropriations Committees. These committees conduct many public hearings on space policy, which invite expert witnesses to testify on US space policy programs and feature debate on the strengths and weaknesses of these programs. Documentation produced by these committees is widely available to the public ...


Space And Defense – Volume Eleven – Number One – Spring 2019, Space And Defense Journal Mar 2020

Space And Defense – Volume Eleven – Number One – Spring 2019, Space And Defense Journal

Space and Defense

No abstract provided.


Space And Defense – Volume Nine – Number One – Spring 2016, Space And Defense Journal Mar 2020

Space And Defense – Volume Nine – Number One – Spring 2016, Space And Defense Journal

Space and Defense

No abstract provided.


Space And Defense – Volume Eight – Number One – Spring 2015, Space And Defense Journal Mar 2020

Space And Defense – Volume Eight – Number One – Spring 2015, Space And Defense Journal

Space and Defense

No abstract provided.


Space And Defense – Volume Seven – Number One – Winter 2014, Space And Defense Journal Mar 2020

Space And Defense – Volume Seven – Number One – Winter 2014, Space And Defense Journal

Space and Defense

No abstract provided.


Space And Defense – Volume Six – Number One – Fall 2012, Space And Defense Journal Mar 2020

Space And Defense – Volume Six – Number One – Fall 2012, Space And Defense Journal

Space and Defense

No abstract provided.


Space And Defense – Volume Five – Number One – Summer 2011, Space And Defense Journal Mar 2020

Space And Defense – Volume Five – Number One – Summer 2011, Space And Defense Journal

Space and Defense

No abstract provided.


Space And Defense – Volume Four – Number Two – Summer 2010, Space And Defense Journal Mar 2020

Space And Defense – Volume Four – Number Two – Summer 2010, Space And Defense Journal

Space and Defense

No abstract provided.


Space And Defense – Volume Four – Number One – Winter 2010, Space And Defense Journal Mar 2020

Space And Defense – Volume Four – Number One – Winter 2010, Space And Defense Journal

Space and Defense

No abstract provided.


Space And Defense – Volume Three – Number Two – Fall 2009, Space And Defense Journal Mar 2020

Space And Defense – Volume Three – Number Two – Fall 2009, Space And Defense Journal

Space and Defense

No abstract provided.


Space And Defense – Volume Three – Number One – Summer 2009, Space And Defense Journal Mar 2020

Space And Defense – Volume Three – Number One – Summer 2009, Space And Defense Journal

Space and Defense

No abstract provided.


Space And Defense – Volume Two – Number Three – Winter 2009, Space And Defense Journal Mar 2020

Space And Defense – Volume Two – Number Three – Winter 2009, Space And Defense Journal

Space and Defense

No abstract provided.


Space And Defense – Volume Two – Number Two – Winter 2008, Space And Defense Journal Mar 2020

Space And Defense – Volume Two – Number Two – Winter 2008, Space And Defense Journal

Space and Defense

No abstract provided.


Space And Defense – Volume Two – Number One – Winter 2008, Space And Defense Journal Mar 2020

Space And Defense – Volume Two – Number One – Winter 2008, Space And Defense Journal

Space and Defense

No abstract provided.


Space And Defense – Volume One – Number One – Fall 2006, Space And Defense Journal Mar 2020

Space And Defense – Volume One – Number One – Fall 2006, Space And Defense Journal

Space and Defense

No abstract provided.


Ontological Boundaries Between Humans And Computers And The Implications For Human-Machine Communication, Andrea L. Guzman Feb 2020

Ontological Boundaries Between Humans And Computers And The Implications For Human-Machine Communication, Andrea L. Guzman

Human-Machine Communication

In human-machine communication, people interact with a communication partner that is of a different ontological nature from themselves. This study examines how people conceptualize ontological differences between humans and computers and the implications of these differences for human-machine communication. Findings based on data from qualitative interviews with 73 U.S. adults regarding disembodied artificial intelligence (AI) technologies (voice-based AI assistants, automated-writing software) show that people differentiate between humans and computers based on origin of being, degree of autonomy, status as tool/tool-user, level of intelligence, emotional capabilities, and inherent flaws. In addition, these ontological boundaries are becoming increasingly blurred as ...


Toward An Agent-Agnostic Transmission Model: Synthesizing Anthropocentric And Technocentric Paradigms In Communication, Jaime Banks, Maartje M. A. De Graaf Feb 2020

Toward An Agent-Agnostic Transmission Model: Synthesizing Anthropocentric And Technocentric Paradigms In Communication, Jaime Banks, Maartje M. A. De Graaf

Human-Machine Communication

Technological and social evolutions have prompted operational, phenomenological, and ontological shifts in communication processes. These shifts, we argue, trigger the need to regard human and machine roles in communication processes in a more egalitarian fashion. Integrating anthropocentric and technocentric perspectives on communication, we propose an agent-agnostic framework for human-machine communication. This framework rejects exclusive assignment of communicative roles (sender, message, channel, receiver) to traditionally held agents and instead focuses on evaluating agents according to their functions as a means for considering what roles are held in communication processes. As a first step in advancing this agent-agnostic perspective, this theoretical paper ...


A Visual Analytics System For Making Sense Of Real-Time Twitter Streams, Amir Haghighatimaleki Jan 2020

A Visual Analytics System For Making Sense Of Real-Time Twitter Streams, Amir Haghighatimaleki

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Through social media platforms, massive amounts of data are being produced. Twitter, as one such platform, enables users to post “tweets” on an unprecedented scale. Once analyzed by machine learning (ML) techniques and in aggregate, Twitter data can be an invaluable resource for gaining insight. However, when applied to real-time data streams, due to covariate shifts in the data (i.e., changes in the distributions of the inputs of ML algorithms), existing ML approaches result in different types of biases and provide uncertain outputs. This thesis describes a visual analytics system (i.e., a tool that combines data visualization, human-data ...


The Variable Resonance Magnetorheological Pendulum Tuned Mass Damper: Mathematical Modelling And Seismic Experimental Studies, Matthew Christie, Shuaishuai Sun, Lei Deng, Donghong Ning, Haiping Du, Shiwu Zhang, Weihua Li Jan 2020

The Variable Resonance Magnetorheological Pendulum Tuned Mass Damper: Mathematical Modelling And Seismic Experimental Studies, Matthew Christie, Shuaishuai Sun, Lei Deng, Donghong Ning, Haiping Du, Shiwu Zhang, Weihua Li

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Tuned mass damper technologies are progressively advancing through innovative application of smart materials, facilitating more versatile infrastructure protection. During seismic events, primarily encountered surrounding fault lines, highrise buildings and other civil structures can suffer catastrophic failures if not adequately protected. Where traditional passive structural protection may mitigate such damage, adaptive systems which provide controllable vibration attenuation across a wide range of excitation frequencies have seen growth in use, overcoming the challenges resulting from unpredictable seismic spectrums. As a robust solution to this problem, this article presents and analyses a variable resonance magnetorheological-fluid-based pendulum tuned mass damper which employs a rotary ...


Novel Dtn Mobility-Driven Routing In Autonomous Drone Logistics Networks, Saeid Iranmanesh, Raad Raad, Muhammad Salman Raheel, Faisel Em M Tubbal, Tony Jan Jan 2020

Novel Dtn Mobility-Driven Routing In Autonomous Drone Logistics Networks, Saeid Iranmanesh, Raad Raad, Muhammad Salman Raheel, Faisel Em M Tubbal, Tony Jan

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Drones have become prevalent for the delivery of goods by many retail companies such as Amazon and Dominos. Amazon has an issued patent that describes how drones scan and collect data on their fly-overs while dropping off packages. In this context, we propose a path optimization algorithm for a drone multi-hop communications network that can carry and forward data in addition to its primary function of parcel deliveries. We argue that traditional Delay Tolerant Networking (DTN) based protocols may not be efficient for this purpose. Therefore, this paper proposes a new DTN-based algorithm that optimizes drone flight paths in conjunction ...


Performance Of Ballast Influenced By Deformation And Degradation: Laboratory Testing And Numerical Modeling, Buddhima Indraratna, Ngoc Trung Ngo, Cholachat Rujikiatkamjorn Jan 2020

Performance Of Ballast Influenced By Deformation And Degradation: Laboratory Testing And Numerical Modeling, Buddhima Indraratna, Ngoc Trung Ngo, Cholachat Rujikiatkamjorn

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

This paper presents a study on the deformation and degradation responses of railway ballast using large-scale laboratory testing and computational modeling approaches. A series of large-scale triaxial tests were carried out to investigate the ballast breakage responses under cyclic train loading subjected to varying frequencies, f=10-40  Hz. The role of recycled rubber energy-absorbing mats (REAMs) on reducing ballast breakage was also examined. Laboratory test results show that the ballast experiences significant degradation (breakage) and deformation, while the inclusion of REAMs can reduce the ballast breakage up to about 35%. Numerical modeling using the coupled discrete-continuum approach [coupled discrete-element method-finite-difference ...


Research On Fault Detection For Three Types Of Wind Turbine Subsystems Using Machine Learning, Zuojun Liu, Cheng Xiao, Tieling Zhang, Xu Zhang Jan 2020

Research On Fault Detection For Three Types Of Wind Turbine Subsystems Using Machine Learning, Zuojun Liu, Cheng Xiao, Tieling Zhang, Xu Zhang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

2020 by the authors. In wind power generation, one aim of wind turbine control is to maintain it in a safe operational status while achieving cost-effective operation. The purpose of this paper is to investigate new techniques for wind turbine fault detection based on supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system data in order to avoid unscheduled shutdowns. The proposed method starts with analyzing and determining the fault indicators corresponding to a failure mode. Three main system failures including generator failure, converter failure and pitch system failure are studied. First, the indicators data corresponding to each of the three key ...


Beam-Based Analog Self-Interference Cancellation In Full-Duplex Mimo Systems, Anh Tuyen Le, Le Chung Tran, Xiaojing Huang, Y. Jay Guo Jan 2020

Beam-Based Analog Self-Interference Cancellation In Full-Duplex Mimo Systems, Anh Tuyen Le, Le Chung Tran, Xiaojing Huang, Y. Jay Guo

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Self-interference (SI) cancellation for full-duplex (FD) multiple input multiple output (MIMO) systems is challenging due to both hardware and signal processing complexity. In this paper, a beam-based adaptive filter structure with analog least mean square (ALMS) loops is proposed to significantly reduce the complexity of SI cancellation for FD MIMO systems. With this structure, the number of adaptive filters required for SI cancellation scales linearly with the number of transmit beams rather than quadratically with the number of antennas. Furthermore, to avoid additional transmit chains used to upconvert the beam signals to generate reference signals for the ALMS loops, a ...


Air Void Detection Using Variational Mode Decomposition With Low Rank, Fok Hing Chi Tivive, Abdesselam Bouzerdoum, Shivakumar Karekal Jan 2020

Air Void Detection Using Variational Mode Decomposition With Low Rank, Fok Hing Chi Tivive, Abdesselam Bouzerdoum, Shivakumar Karekal

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

This paper presents an air-void detection technique for air-coupled radar, which emits electromagnetic waves to interrogate an air-void inside a medium or between two media. The reflections from the air-medium interfaces are usually corrupted by air-coupling, antenna ringing, and internal reflections, rendering air-void detection very difficult or, in certain cases, impossible. The proposed method exploits the low-rank structure of the background clutter to suppress these nuisance signals. A variational mode decomposition model is developed to extract the backscattering at different air-medium interfaces as signal modes. Real experiments are conducted using a stepped frequency radar. The experimental results show that the ...


Attention-Based Residual Network With Scattering Transform Features For Hyperspectral Unmixing With Limited Training Samples, Yiliang Zeng, Christian H. Ritz, Jiahong Zhao, Jinhui Lan Jan 2020

Attention-Based Residual Network With Scattering Transform Features For Hyperspectral Unmixing With Limited Training Samples, Yiliang Zeng, Christian H. Ritz, Jiahong Zhao, Jinhui Lan

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

© 2020 by the authors. This paper proposes a framework for unmixing of hyperspectral data that is based on utilizing the scattering transform to extract deep features that are then used within a neural network. Previous research has shown that using the scattering transform combined with a traditional K-nearest neighbors classifier (STFHU) is able to achieve more accurate unmixing results compared to a convolutional neural network (CNN) applied directly to the hyperspectral images. This paper further explores hyperspectral unmixing in limited training data scenarios, which are likely to occur in practical applications where the access to large amounts of labeled training ...


On The Energy Efficiency Of Massive Mimo Systems With Low-Resolution Adcs And Lattice Reduction Aided Detectors, Zhitao Xiao, Jincan Zhao, Tianle Liu, Lei Geng, Fang Zhang, Jun Tong Jan 2020

On The Energy Efficiency Of Massive Mimo Systems With Low-Resolution Adcs And Lattice Reduction Aided Detectors, Zhitao Xiao, Jincan Zhao, Tianle Liu, Lei Geng, Fang Zhang, Jun Tong

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

As an effective technology for boosting the performance of wireless communications, massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems based on symmetric antenna arrays have been extensively studied. Using low-resolution analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) at the receiver can greatly reduce hardware costs and circuit complexity to further improve the energy efficiency (EE) of the system. There are significant research on the design of MIMO detectors but there is limited study on their performance in terms of EE. This paper studies the effect of signal detection on the EE in practical systems, and proposes to apply several signal detectors based on lattice reduction successive interference ...


Attribute-Based Equality Test Over Encrypted Data Without Random Oracles, Yuanhao Wang, Yuzhao Cui, Qiong Huang, Hongbo Li, Jianye Huang, Guomin Yang Jan 2020

Attribute-Based Equality Test Over Encrypted Data Without Random Oracles, Yuanhao Wang, Yuzhao Cui, Qiong Huang, Hongbo Li, Jianye Huang, Guomin Yang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

© 2013 IEEE. Sensitive data would be encrypted before uploading to the cloud due to the privacy issue. However, how to compare the encrypted data efficiently becomes a problem. Public Key Encryption with Equality Test (PKEET) provides an efficient way to check whether two ciphertexts (of possibly different users) contain the same message without decryption. As an enhanced variant, Attribute-based Encryption with Equality Test (ABEET) provides a flexible mechanism of authorization on the equality test. Most of the existing ABEET schemes are only proved to be secure in the random oracle model. Their security, however, would not be guaranteed if random ...


The Contribution Of Electronic Health Records To Risk Management Through Accreditation Of Residential Aged Care Homes In Australia, Ping Yu, Tao Jiang, David M. Hailey, Jun Ma, Siyu Qian Jan 2020

The Contribution Of Electronic Health Records To Risk Management Through Accreditation Of Residential Aged Care Homes In Australia, Ping Yu, Tao Jiang, David M. Hailey, Jun Ma, Siyu Qian

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

© 2020 The Author(s). Background: The Australian government has implemented a compulsory aged care accreditation system to guide and monitor the risk management approach in registered residential aged care (RAC) homes. This research assessed the contribution of electronic health records (EHR) to risk management in RAC homes in relation to the extent that aged care accreditation fulfils its role. Methods: A convenience sample of 5560 aged care accreditation reports published from 2011 to 2018 was manually downloaded from the Accreditation Agency web site. A mixed-method approach of text data mining and manual content analysis was used to identify any significant ...


Mechanistic-Empirical Permanent Deformation Models: Laboratory Testing, Modelling And Ranking, Ana Ramos, Antonio Gomes, Buddhima Indraratna, Ngoc Trung Ngo, Rui Calcada, Pedro Costa Jan 2020

Mechanistic-Empirical Permanent Deformation Models: Laboratory Testing, Modelling And Ranking, Ana Ramos, Antonio Gomes, Buddhima Indraratna, Ngoc Trung Ngo, Rui Calcada, Pedro Costa

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

© 2020 Elsevier Ltd Geomaterials exhibit elastoplastic behaviour during dynamic and repeated loading conditions. These loads are induced by the passage of a train or vehicle which then generates recoverable (resilient) deformation and/or permanent (plastic) deformation. Modelling this behaviour is still a challenge for geotechnical engineers as it implies the understanding of the complex deformation mechanism and application of advanced constitutive models. This paper reviews on the major causes of permanent deformation and the factors that influence the long-term performance of materials. It will also present the fundamental concepts of permanent deformation as well as the models and approaches used ...


Advancement Of Rail Ballast Testing Methodologies And Design Implications, Buddhima Indraratna, Ngoc Trung Ngo, Cholachat Rujikiatkamjorn, Fernanda Ferreira Jan 2020

Advancement Of Rail Ballast Testing Methodologies And Design Implications, Buddhima Indraratna, Ngoc Trung Ngo, Cholachat Rujikiatkamjorn, Fernanda Ferreira

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Given the limited capacity of available railway tracks in Australia to sustain increasingly faster and heavier trains, the development of innovative and sustainable ballasted tracks is essential for Australian transport infrastructure. Upon repeated train loading, ballast aggregates become degraded and fouled owing to the intrusion of external fines either from the subbase or surface, which decreases track drainage potentially leading to track instability. This paper reviews some advancements in testing methodologies and design implications of ballasted tracks stabilized with artificial inclusions, including geocomposites, energy absorbing rubber mats and end-of-life tires. Measured test data shows that the use of these waste ...