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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Stability Analysis Of A More General Class Of Systems With Delay-Dependent Coefficients, Chi Jin, Keqin Gu, Islam Boussaada, Silviu-Iulian Niculescu May 2019

Stability Analysis Of A More General Class Of Systems With Delay-Dependent Coefficients, Chi Jin, Keqin Gu, Islam Boussaada, Silviu-Iulian Niculescu

SIUE Faculty Research, Scholarship, and Creative Activity

This paper presents a systematic method to analyse the stability of systems with single delay in which the coefficient polynomials of the characteristic equation depend on the delay. Such systems often arise in, for example, life science and engineering systems. A method to analyze such systems was presented by Beretta and Kuang in a 2002 paper, but with some very restrictive assumptions. This work extends their results to the general case with the exception of some degenerate cases. It is found that a much richer behavior is possible when the restrictive assumptions are removed. The interval of interest for the ...


Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski Dec 2018

Call For Abstracts - Resrb 2019, July 8-9, Wrocław, Poland, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Elaia 2018, Stephen Case Dec 2018

Elaia 2018, Stephen Case

ELAIA

Over the years, the Program has continued to grow and flourish, and the depth of its research continues to increase. This inaugural journal represents the fruits of that development, containing capstone research projects from the 2018 Honors Program senior class and their faculty mentors. The Table of Contents is diverse, and in that way it is a crystal clear reflection of our program’s community of scholars.

I, along with the members of the Honors Council, am gratified by the work of each student and faculty mentor printed within these pages. Congratulations, everyone!

- Stephen Lowe, Honors Program Director


Quantification Of Voc Emissions From Carbonized Refuse-Derived Fuel Using Solid-Phase Microextraction And Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, Andrzej Białowiec, Monika Micuda, Antoni Szumny, Jacek Łyczko, Jacek A. Koziel Dec 2018

Quantification Of Voc Emissions From Carbonized Refuse-Derived Fuel Using Solid-Phase Microextraction And Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, Andrzej Białowiec, Monika Micuda, Antoni Szumny, Jacek Łyczko, Jacek A. Koziel

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

In this work, for the first time, the volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from carbonized refuse-derived fuel (CRDF) were quantified on a laboratory scale. The analyzed CRDF was generated from the torrefaction of municipal waste. Headspace solid-phase microextraction (SPME) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was used to identify 84 VOCs, including many that are toxic, e.g., derivatives of benzene or toluene. The highest emissions were measured for nonanal, octanal, and heptanal. The top 10 most emitted VOCs contributed to almost 65% of the total emissions. The VOC mixture emitted from torrefied CRDF differed from that emitted by other types ...


Sensor-Based Human Activity Recognition Using Bidirectional Lstm For Closely Related Activities, Arumugam Thendramil Pavai Dec 2018

Sensor-Based Human Activity Recognition Using Bidirectional Lstm For Closely Related Activities, Arumugam Thendramil Pavai

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Recognizing human activities using deep learning methods has significance in many fields such as sports, motion tracking, surveillance, healthcare and robotics. Inertial sensors comprising of accelerometers and gyroscopes are commonly used for sensor based HAR. In this study, a Bidirectional Long Short-Term Memory (BLSTM) approach is explored for human activity recognition and classification for closely related activities on a body worn inertial sensor data that is provided by the UTD-MHAD dataset. The BLSTM model of this study could achieve an overall accuracy of 98.05% for 15 different activities and 90.87% for 27 different activities performed by 8 persons ...


Scale-Out Algorithm For Apache Storm In Saas Environment, Ravi Kiran Puttaswamy Dec 2018

Scale-Out Algorithm For Apache Storm In Saas Environment, Ravi Kiran Puttaswamy

Computer Science and Engineering: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

The main appeal of the Cloud is in its cost effective and flexible access to computing power. Apache Storm is a data processing framework used to process streaming data. In our work we explore the possibility of offering Apache Storm as a software service. Further, we take advantage of the cgroups feature in Storm to divide the computing power of worker machine into smaller units to be offered to users. We predict that the compute bounds placed on the cgroups could be used to approximate the state of the workflow. We discuss the limitations of the current schedulers in facilitating ...


Budget-Constrained Regression Model Selection Using Mixed Integer Nonlinear Programming, Jingying Zhang Dec 2018

Budget-Constrained Regression Model Selection Using Mixed Integer Nonlinear Programming, Jingying Zhang

Theses and Dissertations

Regression analysis fits predictive models to data on a response variable and corresponding values for a set of explanatory variables. Often data on the explanatory variables come at a cost from commercial databases, so the available budget may limit which ones are used in the final model.

In this dissertation, two budget-constrained regression models are proposed for continuous and categorical variables respectively using Mixed Integer Nonlinear Programming (MINLP) to choose the explanatory variables to be included in solutions. First, we propose a budget-constrained linear regression model for continuous response variables. Properties such as solvability and global optimality of the proposed ...


Waste To Carbon: Densification Of Torrefied Refuse-Derived Fuel, Andrzej Białowiec, Monika Micuda, Jacek A. Koziel Nov 2018

Waste To Carbon: Densification Of Torrefied Refuse-Derived Fuel, Andrzej Białowiec, Monika Micuda, Jacek A. Koziel

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

In this work, for the first time, the feasibility of obtaining carbonized refuse-derived fuel (CRDF) pelletization from municipal solid waste (MSW) was shown. Production of CRDF by torrefaction of MSW could be the future of recycling technology. The objective was to determine the applied pressure needed to produce CRDF pellets with compressive strength (CS) comparable to conventional biomass pellets. Also, the hypothesis that a binder (water glass (WG)) applied to CRDF as a coating can improve CS was tested. The pelletizing was based on the lab-scale production of CRDF pellets with pressure ranging from 8.5 MPa to 76.2 ...


Seasonal Warranty Prediction Based On Recurrent Event Data, Qianqian Shan, Yili Hong, William Q. Meeker Jr. Nov 2018

Seasonal Warranty Prediction Based On Recurrent Event Data, Qianqian Shan, Yili Hong, William Q. Meeker Jr.

Statistics Preprints

Warranty return data from repairable systems, such as vehicles, usually result in recurrent event data. The non-homogeneous Poisson process (NHPP) model is used widely to describe such data. Seasonality in the repair frequencies and other variabilities, however, complicate the modeling of recurrent event data. Not much work has been done to address the seasonality, and this paper provides a general approach for the application of NHPP models with dynamic covariates to predict seasonal warranty returns. A hierarchical clustering method is used to stratify the population into groups that are more homogeneous than the than the overall population. The stratification facilitates ...


A Data Set Of Bloodstain Patterns For Teaching And Research In Bloodstain Pattern Analysis: Gunshot Backspatters, Daniel Attinger, Yu Liu, Ricky Faflak, Yalin Rao, Bryce A. Struttman, Kris De Brabanter, Patrick M. Comiskey, Alex L. Yarin Nov 2018

A Data Set Of Bloodstain Patterns For Teaching And Research In Bloodstain Pattern Analysis: Gunshot Backspatters, Daniel Attinger, Yu Liu, Ricky Faflak, Yalin Rao, Bryce A. Struttman, Kris De Brabanter, Patrick M. Comiskey, Alex L. Yarin

Mechanical Engineering Publications

This is a data set of blood spatter patterns scanned at high resolution, generated in controlled experiments. The spatter patterns were generated with a rifle or a handgun, and different ammunitions. The resulting atomized blood droplets travelled opposite to the bullet direction, generating a gunshot backspatter on a poster board target sheet. Fresh blood with anticoagulants was used; its hematocrit and temperature were measured. Main parameters of the study were the bullet shape, size and speed, and the distance between the blood source and target sheet. Several other parameters were explored in a less systematic way. This new and original ...


Worker Activity Recognition In Smart Manufacturing Using Imu And Semg Signals With Convolutional Neural Networks, Wenjin Tao, Ze-Hao Lai, Ming-Chuan Leu, Zhaozheng Yin Nov 2018

Worker Activity Recognition In Smart Manufacturing Using Imu And Semg Signals With Convolutional Neural Networks, Wenjin Tao, Ze-Hao Lai, Ming-Chuan Leu, Zhaozheng Yin

Zhaozheng Yin

In a smart manufacturing system involving workers, recognition of the worker's activity can be used for quantification and evaluation of the worker's performance, as well as to provide onsite instructions with augmented reality. In this paper, we propose a method for activity recognition using Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) and surface electromyography (sEMG) signals obtained from a Myo armband. The raw 10-channel IMU signals are stacked to form a signal image. This image is transformed into an activity image by applying Discrete Fourier Transformation (DFT) and then fed into a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) for feature extraction, resulting in ...


Cost Benefit Analysis Of Led Vs Florescent Lighting, Kurtis Clark, Phillip Humphrey Nov 2018

Cost Benefit Analysis Of Led Vs Florescent Lighting, Kurtis Clark, Phillip Humphrey

Student Research

Over the last few years, the state of Oklahoma has been looking at ways to reduce expenses to address concerns about a budget deficit. There have been efforts made to reduce expenses due to the use of energy. It has been said, when the lights are on, work is getting done. Running lights is therefore the cost of doing business. Our research examines the question, “is there a way to provide better lighting while operating at a lower cost.” This research examines the current lighting at Southwestern State University, primarily fluorescent lighting (FL), and a cost benefit analysis of switching ...


Funding Opportunities Specifically For Early Career Unh Investigators: Defense, Energy, And Security – Federal Agencies -- 11.14.18, Lynnette Hentges Nov 2018

Funding Opportunities Specifically For Early Career Unh Investigators: Defense, Energy, And Security – Federal Agencies -- 11.14.18, Lynnette Hentges

Early Career Investigators

This comprehensive list of funding opportunities for early career investigators offered by federal agencies that are appropriate for UNH researchers working in the areas of defense, energy, and security provides information about program focus, eligibility requirements, funding amount and time period, as well as deadlines and links to the program web site and latest application instructions.


Funding Opportunities Specifically For Early Career Unh Investigators: Science, Technology, Engineering, And Math (Stem) – Sponsors Other Than Federal Agencies -- 11.14.18, Lynnette Hentges Nov 2018

Funding Opportunities Specifically For Early Career Unh Investigators: Science, Technology, Engineering, And Math (Stem) – Sponsors Other Than Federal Agencies -- 11.14.18, Lynnette Hentges

Early Career Investigators

This comprehensive list of funding opportunities specifically for early career investigators offered by foundations and other nonprofit sponsors that are appropriate for UNH researchers working in the areas of science, technology, engineering, and math provides information about program focus, eligibility requirements, funding amount and time period, as well as deadlines and links to program web sites and application instructions.


Funding Opportunities Specifically For Early Career Unh Investigators: Science, Technology, Engineering, And Math (Stem) – Federal Agencies -- 11.14.18, Lynnette Hentges Nov 2018

Funding Opportunities Specifically For Early Career Unh Investigators: Science, Technology, Engineering, And Math (Stem) – Federal Agencies -- 11.14.18, Lynnette Hentges

Early Career Investigators

This comprehensive list of funding opportunities for early career investigators offered by federal agencies that are appropriate for UNH researchers working in the areas of science, technology, engineering, and math provides information about program focus, eligibility requirements, funding amount and time period, as well as deadlines and links to program web sites and application instructions.

Opportunities available from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) are listed separately.


Funding-Opportunities-And-Strategies-For-Early-Career 11.15.18, Lynnette Hentges Nov 2018

Funding-Opportunities-And-Strategies-For-Early-Career 11.15.18, Lynnette Hentges

Early Career Investigators

Slides and handouts from the November 15, 2018 workshop that presented strategies and resources for taking advantage of the special funding opportunities provided to early-career scholars by federal agencies, not-for-profits, professional societies, and other sponsors


Erasure Coding For Distributed Matrix Multiplication For Matrices With Bounded Entries, Li Tang, Konstantinos Konstantinidis, Aditya Ramamoorthy Nov 2018

Erasure Coding For Distributed Matrix Multiplication For Matrices With Bounded Entries, Li Tang, Konstantinos Konstantinidis, Aditya Ramamoorthy

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

Distributed matrix multiplication is widely used in several scientific domains. It is well recognized that computation times on distributed clusters are often dominated by the slowest workers (called stragglers). Recent work has demonstrated that straggler mitigation can be viewed as a problem of designing erasure codes. For matrices A and B, the technique essentially maps the computation of ATB into the multiplication of smaller (coded) submatrices. The stragglers are treated as erasures in this process. The computation can be completed as long as a certain number of workers (called the recovery threshold) complete their assigned tasks. We present a novel ...


Dynamic Modeling And Analysis Of Propulsion Effect Of 3 Dof Robot, Ahmet Shala, Xhevahir Bajrami Nov 2018

Dynamic Modeling And Analysis Of Propulsion Effect Of 3 Dof Robot, Ahmet Shala, Xhevahir Bajrami

International Journal of Business and Technology

Dynamical Modeling of robots is commonly first important step of Modeling, Analysis and Control of robotic systems. This paper is focused on using Denavit-Hartenberg (DH) convention for kinematics and Newton- Euler Formulations for dynamic modeling of 3 DoF - Degree of Freedom of 3D robot. The process of deriving of dynamical model is done using Software Maple. Simulations are done using Matlab/Simulink for analysis of propulsion effect under Earth gravity when First Link rotates with 1000 rpm, second Link can move free in vertical direction and Third Link can rotates free around their rotations axle. Simulations results shows very good ...


Material Balance Adjustement In Raw Material Processing, Migena Hoxha, Piro Zoga, Aida Bode Nov 2018

Material Balance Adjustement In Raw Material Processing, Migena Hoxha, Piro Zoga, Aida Bode

International Journal of Business and Technology

Circuit of one processing plant was studied in order to adjust the mass balance. The granulometric composition of the streams that belong to grinding and classifying processes was analyzed, while the chemical content was determined only at the streams related to separation process. Three connection matrixes are considered in this paper, one corresponding to the size fraction equations, the second corresponding to the chemical content measurements and the third, the solid flow rate balance. The technique used consisted of filtering all the data by a weighted least-squares procedure. Then running the output data in a custom designed feature of the ...


The Effectiveness Of The Use Of Solar Panels In Hotels Of Durres Area, Asllan Hajderi, Shkelqim Gjevori Nov 2018

The Effectiveness Of The Use Of Solar Panels In Hotels Of Durres Area, Asllan Hajderi, Shkelqim Gjevori

International Journal of Business and Technology

In the present study is analyzing the case of the application of solar energy with vacuum tube collectors for heating water for sanitary needs in hotels of Durres areas. In recent years there has been a special interest by the leading authorities to the EU countries and the U.S., for the use of renewable energies in general and solar energy in particular. This is mainly related with the reduction of environmental pollution from gas CO2, which directly influences the greenhouse effect and global warming.

Unlike other forms of renewable energy, like wind turbines, photovoltaic panels and biomass usages, the ...


Advancement Of The Plastering Machine, Bujar Ademi, Peter Kopacek Nov 2018

Advancement Of The Plastering Machine, Bujar Ademi, Peter Kopacek

International Journal of Business and Technology

Automation of water flow at plastering machines is a solution which serves the process of plastering, to adhere international standards. Automation of water flow by taking signals from the condition of the material depending on humidity. So its output is used to influence the increase or decrease of the amount of water flow in the valve. Water flow automation is a system which consists of several components in which the already, develop different processes. To release the feedback we need a sensor which is built by piezoelemnt in which we have the phenomenon of the frequency. With which we have ...


Cementitious Sensors Exhibiting Stopbands In Acoustic Transmission Spectra, Shreya Vemuganti Nov 2018

Cementitious Sensors Exhibiting Stopbands In Acoustic Transmission Spectra, Shreya Vemuganti

Shared Knowledge Conference

Ultrasonic monitoring in cementitious materials is challenging due to the high degree of attenuation. In wellbore environments, monitoring becomes more challenging due to inaccessibility. Meta materials, also known as acoustic bandgap materials, exhibit an interesting feature of forbidding the propagation of elastic/sound waves and isolate vibration in a certain frequency band. Traditionally, acoustic bandgap materials are developed with inclusions such as tin, aluminum, gold, steel in a polymer matrix. In this study, we present the development of three-dimensional cementitious sensors capable of exhibiting stopbands in the acoustic transmission spectra using carbon nanotubes. Relatively wide stopbands were engineered using Floquet-Bloch ...


Pulsed Fiber Optics Lasers As Highly Sensitive Sensors, Hanieh Afkhamiardakani Nov 2018

Pulsed Fiber Optics Lasers As Highly Sensitive Sensors, Hanieh Afkhamiardakani

Shared Knowledge Conference

An interferometer or resonator is a device in which optical beams of specific frequencies circulate with minimal losses. These losses are completely compensated by the gain inside a laser resonator. A small perturbation introduced inside the laser can affect its frequency, which in turns becomes a metric of that perturbation. The perturbation is usually caused by an electric or magnetic field, rotation, acceleration, nonlinear index of refraction etc. Tiny changes of optical frequency are monitored by superimposing the laser field and a reference field (from the same laser) on a detector. This technique requires creating a laser in which two ...


End-To-End Deep Learning Systems For Scene Understanding, Path Planning And Navigation In Fire Fighter Teams, Manish Bhattarai Nov 2018

End-To-End Deep Learning Systems For Scene Understanding, Path Planning And Navigation In Fire Fighter Teams, Manish Bhattarai

Shared Knowledge Conference

Firefighting is a dynamic activity with many operations occurring simultaneously. Maintaining situational awareness, defined as knowledge of current conditions and activities at the scene, are critical to accurate decision making. Firefighters often carry various sensors in their personal equipment, namely thermal cameras, gas sensors, and microphones. Improved data processing techniques can mine this data more effectively and be used to improve situational awareness at all times thereby improving real-time decision making and minimizing errors in judgment induced by environmental conditions and anxiety levels. This objective of this research employs state of the art Machine Learning (ML) techniques to create an ...


Genetic Algorithm Design Of Photonic Crystals For Energy-Efficient Ultrafast Laser Transmitters, Troy A. Hutchins-Delgado Nov 2018

Genetic Algorithm Design Of Photonic Crystals For Energy-Efficient Ultrafast Laser Transmitters, Troy A. Hutchins-Delgado

Shared Knowledge Conference

Photonic crystals allow light to be controlled and manipulated such that novel photonic devices can be created. We are interested in using photonic crystals to increase the energy efficiency of our semiconductor whistle-geometry ring lasers. A photonic crystal will enable us to reduce the ring size, while maintaining confinement, thereby reducing its operating power. Photonic crystals can also exhibit slow light that will increase the interaction with the material. This will increase the gain, and therefore, lower the threshold for lasing to occur. Designing a photonic crystal for a particular application can be a challenge due to its number of ...


Comparison Of Emotion Evaluation Perception Using Human Voice Signals Of Robots And Humans, Vesna Kirandziska, Nevena Ackovska Nov 2018

Comparison Of Emotion Evaluation Perception Using Human Voice Signals Of Robots And Humans, Vesna Kirandziska, Nevena Ackovska

International Journal of Business and Technology

Emotion perception is the process of perceiving other people’s emotions. It can be based on their facial expression, movement, voice and other biosignals people emit. The evaluation of human’s emotion is one characteristic of emotions. One of the research areas in Robotics is adapting humanistic behavior in robots. Today many robots are constructed. Some of them can even perceive emotions. In this paper a custom built emotion aware robot that perceives emotion evaluation is used to investigate the similarity and differences of the robot's and human's emotion perception. Voice signals from real human were recorded and ...


Swarm Intelligence As An Optimization Technique, Alma Bregaj Nov 2018

Swarm Intelligence As An Optimization Technique, Alma Bregaj

International Journal of Business and Technology

Optimization techniques inspired by swarm intelligence have become increasingly popular during the last years. Swarm intelligence is based on nature-inspired behaviours and is successfully applied to optimisation problems in a variety of fields. The advantage of these approaches over traditional techniques is their robustness and flexibility. These properties make swarm intelligence a successful design paradigm for algorithms that deal with increasingly complex problems. In this paper I am focused on the comparison between different swarmbased optimisation algorithms and I have presented some examples of real practical applications of these algorithms.


Comparative Performance Simulation Of Dsdv Aodv And Dsr Manet Protocols In Ns2, Erion Cana Nov 2018

Comparative Performance Simulation Of Dsdv Aodv And Dsr Manet Protocols In Ns2, Erion Cana

International Journal of Business and Technology

Mobile Ad hoc Networks (MANET) are self-configured and infrastructure less networks with autonomous mobile nodes. Due to the high flexibility, these kind of networks are heavily used in rescue operations, military missions etc. Many routing protocols for this kind of networks exist. This article presents a comparative and quantitative performance study of DSDV, AODV and DSR routing protocols using different simulation models in NS2. Performance metrics like PDR, E2E Delay and Throughput are analyzed under varying network, traffic and mobility parameters like number of nodes, traffic flows, mobility speed and pause time. Results show that AODV outperforms DSDV and DSR ...


Catalytic Deoxygenation Of Model And Realistic Feeds To Fuel-Like Hydrocarbons Over Supported Nickel-Copper Catalysts, Deyshon Ward, Kazi Javed Nov 2018

Catalytic Deoxygenation Of Model And Realistic Feeds To Fuel-Like Hydrocarbons Over Supported Nickel-Copper Catalysts, Deyshon Ward, Kazi Javed

Posters-at-the-Capitol

The goal was to make a renewable fuel by using catalysts to remove oxygen molecules from fats. This is a current issue that society faces today because nonrenewable fossil fuels hurt the environment more than they help it. There are two components that make up a heterogeneous catalyst, a support and a reduced metal active phase. The active metal phases Nickel, Palladium, Platinum have been studied in the past on an alumina and carbon supports. We were investigating other supports using Nickel as the active phase component to determine the effect the support has on the catalyst removing oxygen of ...


Exploring The Role Of Sentiments In Identification Of Active And Influential Bloggers, Mohammad Alghobiri, Umer Ishfaq, Hikmat Ullah Khan, Tahir Afzal Malik Nov 2018

Exploring The Role Of Sentiments In Identification Of Active And Influential Bloggers, Mohammad Alghobiri, Umer Ishfaq, Hikmat Ullah Khan, Tahir Afzal Malik

International Journal of Business and Technology

The social Web provides opportunities for the public to have social interactions and online discussions. A large number of online users using the social web sites create a high volume of data. This leads to the emergence of Big Data, which focuses on computational analysis of data to reveal patterns, and associations relating to human interactions. Such analyses have vast applications in various fields such as understanding human behaviors, studying culture influence, and promoting online marketing. The blogs are one of the social web channels that offer a way to discuss various topics. Finding the top bloggers has been a ...