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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Automated Robotic Light Bulb Testing Platform, Agha I. Akram, Muhammad Ali Ummy May 2022

Automated Robotic Light Bulb Testing Platform, Agha I. Akram, Muhammad Ali Ummy

Publications and Research

The main purpose of this project is to create a functional prototype of a multilayered system that incorporates aspects of electrical, mechanical, and computer engineering technology. The main objective of the system is to be able to determine whether a light bulb is working or not. The building blocks of this system are a robotic arm that is able to slide along a rail (for added mobility), a conveyor belt, and an electromechanical device that holds and tests light bulbs. Initially, the robot arm picks up a light bulb and places it into the holder which then tests it. A ...


Worksheet 10 - Patch, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd May 2022

Worksheet 10 - Patch, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd

Antenna Design With HFSS

In this worksheet, steps are given to create a slotted rectangular microstrip patch antenna with an inset feed using a stripline. The patch antenna is operating in the TM10 mode.


Worksheet 09 Horn, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd May 2022

Worksheet 09 Horn, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd

Antenna Design With HFSS

This worksheet designs a pyramidal horn antenna fed by a waveport.


Worksheet 08 - Helix, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd May 2022

Worksheet 08 - Helix, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd

Antenna Design With HFSS

This worksheet creates a helical antenna operating in the axial mode. The antenna is mounted on a ground plane. The users can change the circumference of the helix and change the operating mode to broadside or conical if they wish.


Worksheet 06 - Arrays, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd May 2022

Worksheet 06 - Arrays, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd

Antenna Design With HFSS

This worksheet designs an antenna array with three identical dipole elemetns. The antenna is operating as a broadside array. By changing the parameters the users can view the grating lobes in addition to the main lobe.


Worksheet 07 - Bicone, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd May 2022

Worksheet 07 - Bicone, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd

Antenna Design With HFSS

In this worksheet, setps are given to design a full-wavelength biconical antenna. This is a broadband antenna. The worksheet also shows how to observe surface currents.


Worksheet 02 - Meshing, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd May 2022

Worksheet 02 - Meshing, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd

Antenna Design With HFSS

This worksheet is designed to oberserve the variations in results when the mesh is varied from coarse to fine, hence how to find the optimum mesh size such that we can get accurate results while not compromising computational power.


Worksheet 01 - Monopole, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd May 2022

Worksheet 01 - Monopole, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd

Antenna Design With HFSS

This worksheet guides users on modeling a quarter-wavelength monopole antenna on an infinite ground plane and observing its characteristics. The worksheet starts with parameter settings and continues on to antenna design, boundary setting, radiation setting, and then to simulation and viewing the results.


Worksheet 05 - Loop, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd May 2022

Worksheet 05 - Loop, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd

Antenna Design With HFSS

In this worksheet, the users can design a small loop. The small loop shows low directivity, hence at the end of the worksheet, the users can chanage the design parameters and increase the directivity.


Worksheet 04 - Dipole, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd May 2022

Worksheet 04 - Dipole, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd

Antenna Design With HFSS

This worksheet shows how to create a half-wavelength dipole, set the feeder through a port, observe directivity, half-power beamwidth, etc.


Worksheet 03 - Near Field, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd May 2022

Worksheet 03 - Near Field, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd

Antenna Design With HFSS

This worksheet guides students to change the observational region between, reactive near field, radiating near field, and far-field.


Potential Of Grid-Scale Pv And Storage Facilities To Participate In Capacity Markets, Nicholas Giovannetti May 2022

Potential Of Grid-Scale Pv And Storage Facilities To Participate In Capacity Markets, Nicholas Giovannetti

Theses and Dissertations

The recent FERC Order 841 has provided an opportunity for grid-scale PV and battery facilities to participate in the capacity market providing ancillary services. Order 841 combined with steadily decreasing PVand battery costs and increasing demand for renewable energy, gives high potential for a PV and battery facility to be economically viable. In this study, an analysis tool is developed as an auxiliary to the PV + Storage + Control + Grid (PSCG) simulation to estimate the megawatts (MW) of dispatchable capacity that can be reliably offered by a PV and storage facility. Limits are based on grid connection, power electronics, and battery ...


Design Of A Bandgap Voltage Reference, Nicolaus Vail May 2022

Design Of A Bandgap Voltage Reference, Nicolaus Vail

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis details the design process of a bandgap voltage reference (BGR) integrated circuit in a 180 nm CMOS process. A BGR provides a constant DC voltage across a range of operating temperatures and supply voltages. By its nature, the circuit is intended as a reference, not to provide current, so the output would be connected to a very high impedance, such as the gate of a transistor. At 27°C, this design provides a 955 mV reference voltage given a nominal VDD of 3 V. From 20°C to 175°C, the output voltage has a variance of 7 ...


Signal Analysis Of Photovoltaic Systems For Multilevel Cybersecurity, Wesley G. Schwartz May 2022

Signal Analysis Of Photovoltaic Systems For Multilevel Cybersecurity, Wesley G. Schwartz

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The cybersecurity of grid-connected power electronics is a rapidly developing field as more and more of these devices become a part of the Internet of Things. The objective of this thesis to analyze the current control signals of a photovoltaic (PV) inverter and develop an interface board for the implementation of a new cyber-secure controller.

In this thesis, the testing and in-depth analysis of the current PV inverter control system will be conducted. Using the data collected, an interface board will be developed to allow the use of the Unified Control Board (UCB), developed by Chris Farnell, in the PV ...


Co-Planar Waveguides For Microwave Atom Chips, Morgan Logsdon May 2022

Co-Planar Waveguides For Microwave Atom Chips, Morgan Logsdon

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis describes research to develop co-planar waveguides (CPW) for coupling microwaves from mm-scale coaxial cables into 50 μm-scale microstrip transmission lines of a microwave atom chip. This new atom chip confines and manipulates atoms using spin-specific microwave AC Zeeman potentials and is particularly well suited for trapped atom interferometry. The coaxial-to-microstrip coupler scheme uses a focused CPW (FCPW) that shrinks the microwave field mode while maintaining a constant 50 Ω impedance for optimal power coupling. The FCPW development includes the simulation, design, fabrication, and testing of multiple CPW and microstrip prototypes using aluminum nitride substrates. Notably, the FCPW approach ...


Co-Planar Waveguides For Microwave Atom Chips, Morgan Logsdon May 2022

Co-Planar Waveguides For Microwave Atom Chips, Morgan Logsdon

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis describes research to develop co-planar waveguides (CPW) for coupling microwaves from mm-scale coaxial cables into 50 μm-scale microstrip transmission lines of a microwave atom chip. This new atom chip confines and manipulates atoms using spin-specific microwave AC Zeeman potentials and is particularly well suited for trapped atom interferometry. The coaxial-to-microstrip coupler scheme uses a focused CPW (FCPW) that shrinks the microwave field mode while maintaining a constant 50 Ω impedance for optimal power coupling. The FCPW development includes the simulation, design, fabrication, and testing of multiple CPW and microstrip prototypes using aluminum nitride substrates. Notably, the FCPW approach ...


Autonomous Navigator Mobile Robot Upgrade, David Sansoucy Apr 2022

Autonomous Navigator Mobile Robot Upgrade, David Sansoucy

Thinking Matters Symposium

The mobile robot platform has been developed over the course of 10 years at USM. In Spring 2020, Belle-Isle and Werner updated the previous framework by rewriting the software to use the ROS framework running on an on-board Raspberry Pi 3. They also implemented navigation using an A* motion planning algorithm and image processing. In Summer 2021, Ames incorporated Lidar and Kinect sensors onto the robot to improve its real-time navigation capabilities. He also made improvements to the power distribution systems. This project aimed to build on the ROS frameworks developed by the previous 2 teams with the main goal ...


Design, Development, And Calibration Of An Electric Field Probe For Use On Sounding Rockets, Anthony Oreo, Anthony Oreo Apr 2022

Design, Development, And Calibration Of An Electric Field Probe For Use On Sounding Rockets, Anthony Oreo, Anthony Oreo

PhD Dissertations and Master's Theses

Earth’s ionosphere is a dynamic environment that has yet to be fully understood. Interactions of high-energy particles from space with atmospheric plasma and the Earth’s natural magnetic field create many interesting interactions, many of which have direct impacts on the planet and human life. Understanding the dynamics of the upper atmosphere is a compelling endeavor, with much of the research being conducted through high-altitude sounding rockets. These rockets allow for in-situ measurements of the physical parameters of the upper atmosphere which in turn helps in the answering of important questions in space science. In order to quantify the ...


Development Of Medium Power High Efficiency Multi-Level Buck-Boost Dc-Dc Converter, Yogesh Singh, Sunny Kumar Sharma, Sandeep Tuli Apr 2022

Development Of Medium Power High Efficiency Multi-Level Buck-Boost Dc-Dc Converter, Yogesh Singh, Sunny Kumar Sharma, Sandeep Tuli

International Journal of Electronics Signals and Systems

Power DC/DC converters or regulators form the backbone of different portable electronic devices like cellular phones, laptops, portable electronic devices which are using batteries as their power supply. Portable devices usually comprise of several sub-circuits that should be supplied with different voltage levels, which are not the same as battery’s voltage level which is the main supply voltage. A new approach of buck-boost converter is presented in this paper, that automatically detects the zero-inductor current & compels the convertor to deliberately switch from Continuous Conduction Mode (CCM) to Discontinuous Conduction Mode (DCM), once the inductor current attempts towards negative ...


A Low-Cost, Arduino-Based Platform For Emulating Energy Harvesting In Wireless Sensor Networks, Braden A. Miller Apr 2022

A Low-Cost, Arduino-Based Platform For Emulating Energy Harvesting In Wireless Sensor Networks, Braden A. Miller

ONU Student Research Colloquium

This paper presents an Arduino-based platform for emulating energy harvesting in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) as a form of hardware-in-the-loop simulation. The platform makes use of a battery monitoring circuit and code implemented on the Arduino as an alternative to using significantly more expensive fully equipped energy harvesting nodes. Using embedded code to emulate the energy harvesting process allows for various energy harvesting models and processes to be tested using the same platform. The main contributions of this paper are the experimental data and analyses demonstrating the energy use characterization of the Arduino-based platform in a three-node relay network using ...


Power Flow And Power Quality Enhancement By Tcsc Using Five Different Novel Methods, Niharika Agrawal, Mamatha Gowda Mar 2022

Power Flow And Power Quality Enhancement By Tcsc Using Five Different Novel Methods, Niharika Agrawal, Mamatha Gowda

International Journal of Electronics and Electical Engineering

The demand of electricity is continuously increasing due to increase in population and urbanisation. Due to shortage of transmission and generation facilities there is greater use of present resources. The present transmission lines are overloaded which make the system prone to stability problems. So, there is a need to use the existing system in a better way to save huge expenses in the erection of new lines and system. In the proposed work the power flow is increased by implementing power electronics-based series FACTS device- TCSC using five different methods. They are firing by TCR pulse generator, using control subsystem ...


Silicon Germanium Bicmos Integrated Circuits For Scalable Cryogenic Sensing Applications, Mohsen Hosseini Mar 2022

Silicon Germanium Bicmos Integrated Circuits For Scalable Cryogenic Sensing Applications, Mohsen Hosseini

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation is focused on an investigation of BiCMOS cryogenic low noise amplifiers (LNAs) based on Silicon-germanium (SiGe) heterojunction bipolar transistors (HBTs) for simultaneous low noise and low power design and also taking advantage of CMOS circuitry for adding flexibility to the LNA design. Cryogenic LNAs' scalability challenges are discussed and addressed in the dissertation. To achieve that, first, HBTs of three state-of-the-art technologies are characterized and modeled at cryogenic temperature. It is shown that SiGe HBT provides a promising compromise of noise temperature, power consumption, and bandwidth. Moreover, a scalable on-chip approach is proposed and verified for biasing of ...


Impact Of Health Status Of A Battery Electric Vehicle Using Cell Balancing Technique, Rakshitha Ravi Mar 2022

Impact Of Health Status Of A Battery Electric Vehicle Using Cell Balancing Technique, Rakshitha Ravi

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

In Present scenario Internal Combustion Engines [ICE] is overcome by Electric Vehicles [EV] due to advantages like reduction in carbon-di-oxide [CO2] emission, cost. Advancement in electric vehicles are extensively going on and one such concept is Battery management system [BMS]in Battery Electric vehicle. In Battery Electric Vehicle there are many types of batteries and from the literature survey Lithium Ion Battery can be concluded to be suitable as it is advantageous in weight, cost, energy density and many aspects. In Battery electric vehicle Battery plays an important role. Battery may be overcharged or it may undergo faults. Hence a ...


Considerations For Radio Frequency Fingerprinting Across Multiple Frequency Channels, Jose A. Gutierrez Del Arroyo, Brett J. Borghetti, Michael A. Temple Mar 2022

Considerations For Radio Frequency Fingerprinting Across Multiple Frequency Channels, Jose A. Gutierrez Del Arroyo, Brett J. Borghetti, Michael A. Temple

Faculty Publications

Radio Frequency Fingerprinting (RFF) is often proposed as an authentication mechanism for wireless device security, but application of existing techniques in multi-channel scenarios is limited because prior models were created and evaluated using bursts from a single frequency channel without considering the effects of multi-channel operation. Our research evaluated the multi-channel performance of four single-channel models with increasing complexity, to include a simple discriminant analysis model and three neural networks. Performance characterization using the multi-class Matthews Correlation Coefficient (MCC) revealed that using frequency channels other than those used to train the models can lead to a deterioration in performance from ...


Load Slammer Design For Dc-Dc Converter Testing, Jonathan Hidalgo, Quinton Lacomb Mar 2022

Load Slammer Design For Dc-Dc Converter Testing, Jonathan Hidalgo, Quinton Lacomb

Electrical Engineering

In this work, we dive into the detailed design of a test load or load slammer circuit for DC/DC converters to ensure their correct functioning. This is accomplished through quick variations in frequency, amplitude, and duty cycle of the current being drawn by the converter into the load. Computer simulations of the design were performed using LTSpice and the results show that the load current could be varied per design objectives. Hardware implementation of the design was also conducted and then tested. Results were then compared with the design requirements at lower currents to evaluate the validity of the ...


Electro‐Driven Materials And Processes For Lithium Recovery—A Review, Anna Siekierka, Marek Bryjak, Amir Razmjou, Wojciech Kujawski, Aleksandar N. Nikoloski, Ludovic F. Dumée Mar 2022

Electro‐Driven Materials And Processes For Lithium Recovery—A Review, Anna Siekierka, Marek Bryjak, Amir Razmjou, Wojciech Kujawski, Aleksandar N. Nikoloski, Ludovic F. Dumée

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

The mass production of lithium‐ion batteries and lithium‐rich e‐products that are required for electric vehicles, energy storage devices, and cloud‐connected electronics is driving an unprecedented demand for lithium resources. Current lithium production technologies, in which extraction and purification are typically achieved by hydrometallurgical routes, possess strong environmental impact but are also energy‐intensive and require extensive operational capabilities. The emergence of selective membrane materials and associated electro‐processes offers an avenue to reduce these energy and cost penalties and create more sustainable lithium production approaches. In this review, lithium recovery technologies are discussed considering the origin ...


Application Of Soft Computing Techniques For Speed Control Of Brushless Dc Motors, Mitali Samal, Soumya Ranjan Das, Bikash Chandra Pattnaik Feb 2022

Application Of Soft Computing Techniques For Speed Control Of Brushless Dc Motors, Mitali Samal, Soumya Ranjan Das, Bikash Chandra Pattnaik

International Journal of Electronics and Electical Engineering

Nowadays Brushless DC (BLDC) motors are treated as the most popular motors, which are applied widely due to their higher efficiency and excellent torque characteristics. Moreover they are operated with DC supply and without using brushes. But BLDC motor operate with wide speed range and therefore it is required to regulate the speed of DC motor using different advanced techniques. In this work, the fuzzy sliding mode control (FSMC) is employed for controlling the speed of BLDC motor. The proposed method is compared with the conventional Sliding mode control (SMC) and the results are analyzed using MATLAB/ Simulink tool.


A Comparison Of Sporadic-E Occurrence Rates Using Gps Radio Occultation And Ionosonde Measurements, Rodney Carmona, Omar A. Nava, Eugene V. Dao, Daniel J. Emmons Jan 2022

A Comparison Of Sporadic-E Occurrence Rates Using Gps Radio Occultation And Ionosonde Measurements, Rodney Carmona, Omar A. Nava, Eugene V. Dao, Daniel J. Emmons

Faculty Publications

Sporadic-E (Es) occurrence rates from Global Position Satellite radio occultation (GPS-RO) measurements have shown to vary by a factor of five between studies, motivating the need for a comparison with ground-based measurements. In an attempt to find accurate GPS-RO techniques for detecting Es formation, occurrence rates derived using five previously developed GPS-RO techniques are compared to ionosonde measurements over an eight-year period from 2010–2017. GPS-RO measurements within 170 km of a ionosonde site are used to calculate Es occurrence rates and compared to the ground-truth ionosonde measurements. The techniques are compared individually for each ionosonde site ...


Design And Implementation Of Photovoltaic Energy Harvesting Automaton, Iskandar Askarov Jan 2022

Design And Implementation Of Photovoltaic Energy Harvesting Automaton, Iskandar Askarov

Theses

Global domestic electricity consumption has been rapidly increasing in the past three decades. In fact, from 1990 to 2020, consumption has more than doubled from 10,120 TWh to 23,177 TWh [1]. Moreover, consumers have been turning more towards clean, renewable energy sources such as Photovoltaic. According to International Energy Agency, global Solar power generation alone in 2019 has reached almost 3% [4] of the electricity supply. Even though the efficiency of photovoltaic panels has been growing, presently, the highest efficiency solar panels available to an average consumer range only from 20%-22% [14]. Many research papers have been ...


Reverse Engineering And Enhancement Of Automobile Infotainment System, Cole Brinsfield Jan 2022

Reverse Engineering And Enhancement Of Automobile Infotainment System, Cole Brinsfield

Electrical Engineering

In 2011, luxury cars were released with displays built into the center. With modern computing power and technology such as Android Auto or Apple CarPlay, these older infotainment systems degrade the value of cars that are otherwise comparable to 2021 models. This project upgrades the infotainment system of one such car, a 2011 Infiniti G37. Through use of an additional microcomputer in the car, an infotainment upgrade can be achieved. This upgraded infotainment adds navigation, wireless audio, and data display capabilities to the car, while maintaining the functionality of the stock infotainment. While customized for the 2011 Infiniti G37, the ...