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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

A Novel Microgrid Fault Detection And Classification Method Using Maximal Overlap Discrete Wavelet Packet Transform And An Augmented Lagrangian Particle Swarm Optimization-Support Vector Machine, Masoud Ahmadipour, Muhammad Murtadha Othman, Rui Bo, Zainal Salam, Hussein Mohammed Ridha, Kamrul Hasan Nov 2022

A Novel Microgrid Fault Detection And Classification Method Using Maximal Overlap Discrete Wavelet Packet Transform And An Augmented Lagrangian Particle Swarm Optimization-Support Vector Machine, Masoud Ahmadipour, Muhammad Murtadha Othman, Rui Bo, Zainal Salam, Hussein Mohammed Ridha, Kamrul Hasan

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research & Creative Works

In this paper, an intelligent method for fault detection and classification for a microgrid (MG) was proposed. The idea was based on the combination of three computational tools: signal processing using the maximal overlap discrete wavelet packet transform (MODWPT), parameter optimization by the augmented Lagrangian particle swarm optimization (ALPSO), and machine learning using the support vector machine (SVM). The MODWPT was applied to preprocess half cycle of the post-fault current samples measured at both ends of feeders. The wavelet coefficients derived from the MODWPT were statistically evaluated using the mean, standard deviation, energy, skewness, kurtosis, logarithmic energy entropy, max, min ...


High-Isolation Antenna Technique For Cubesat-Borne, Continuous-Waveform Radar, Logan E. Voigt Aug 2022

High-Isolation Antenna Technique For Cubesat-Borne, Continuous-Waveform Radar, Logan E. Voigt

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Radar is important in target tracking, imaging, and weather prediction applications. As technology is increasingly miniaturized, there is a push for smaller radar. Research and exploration in outer space also benefit from small, low-power technologies. The NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory’s RainCube was the first successful CubeSat-borne radar. A CubeSat is a type of small satellite that conforms to specific size and weight standards. Radar technology benefits from additional research on how to further miniaturize radar payloads.

Integrating the transmit and receive antennas on the solar panels removes the need for antenna-deployment mechanisms, preserving space on the CubeSat. This thesis ...


Sub-Nyquist Optical Pulse Sampling For Photonic Blind Source Separation, Taichu Shi, Yang Qi, Weipeng Zhang, Paul Prucnal, Ben Wu May 2022

Sub-Nyquist Optical Pulse Sampling For Photonic Blind Source Separation, Taichu Shi, Yang Qi, Weipeng Zhang, Paul Prucnal, Ben Wu

Henry M. Rowan College of Engineering Faculty Scholarship

We propose and experimentally demonstrate an optical pulse sampling method for photonic blind source separation. The photonic system processes and separates wideband signals based on the statistical information of the mixed signals, and thus the sampling frequency can be orders of magnitude lower than the bandwidth of the signals. The ultra-fast optical pulses collect samples of the signals at very low sampling rates, and each sample is short enough to maintain the statistical properties of the signals. The low sampling frequency reduces the workloads of the analog to digital conversion and digital signal processing systems. In the meantime, the short ...


Design Of An Offner-Chrisp Imaging Spectrometer For A Planetary Fluorescence Instrument, Tristan Wells Carlson May 2022

Design Of An Offner-Chrisp Imaging Spectrometer For A Planetary Fluorescence Instrument, Tristan Wells Carlson

McKelvey School of Engineering Theses & Dissertations

Spectrometers have been an integral part of space exploration in the late 20th and 21st centuries and will continue to provide quantitative measurements to answer exciting questions like, “Is or was there life on other planets?” PERISCOPE, Probe for Exploring Regolith and Ice by Subsurface Classification of Organics, Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and Elements, is a next generation spectrometer designed to explore icy worlds like Europa. It uses time-resolved ultraviolet (UV) fluorescence spectroscopy, a technique that identifies organic molecules, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), and rare earth elements (REE). Photon wavelength discrimination is very important for this technique and is accomplished by ...


Graph-Based Heuristic Solution For Placing Distributed Video Processing Applications On Moving Vehicle Clusters, Kanika Sharma, Bernard Butler, Brendan Jennings May 2022

Graph-Based Heuristic Solution For Placing Distributed Video Processing Applications On Moving Vehicle Clusters, Kanika Sharma, Bernard Butler, Brendan Jennings

Articles

Vehicular fog computing (VFC) is envisioned as an extension of cloud and mobile edge computing to utilize the rich sensing and processing resources available in vehicles. We focus on slow-moving cars that spend a significant time in urban traffic congestion as a potential pool of onboard sensors, video cameras, and processing capacity. For leveraging the dynamic network and processing resources, we utilize a stochastic mobility model to select nodes with similar mobility patterns. We then design two distributed applications that are scaled in real-time and placed as multiple instances on selected vehicular fog nodes. We handle the unstable vehicular environment ...


Collaborative Research: Expedite Csi Processing With Lightweight Ai In Massive Mimo Communication Systems, Rose Hu May 2022

Collaborative Research: Expedite Csi Processing With Lightweight Ai In Massive Mimo Communication Systems, Rose Hu

Funded Research Records

No abstract provided.


Analysis And Implementation Of Low Fidelity Radar-Based Remote Sensing For Unmanned Aircraft Systems, Matthew Duck May 2022

Analysis And Implementation Of Low Fidelity Radar-Based Remote Sensing For Unmanned Aircraft Systems, Matthew Duck

Theses and Dissertations

Radar-based remote sensing is consistently growing, and new technologies and subsequent techniques for characterization are changing the feasibility of understanding the environment. The emergence of easily accessible unmanned aircraft system (UAS) has broadened the scope of possibilities for efficiently surveying the world. The continued development of low-cost sensing systems has greatly increased the accessibility to characterize physical phenomena. In this thesis, we explore the viability and implementation of using UAS as a means of radar-based remote sensing for ground penetrating radar (GPR) and polarimetric scatterometry. Additionally, in this thesis, we investigate the capabilities and implementations of low-cost microwave technologies for ...


Recognizing Traffic Signaling Gestures Through Automotive Sensors., Benjamin James Bartlett May 2022

Recognizing Traffic Signaling Gestures Through Automotive Sensors., Benjamin James Bartlett

Theses and Dissertations

As technology advances with each new day, so do the applications and uses of the different modalities of technology, including transportation, particularly in ADAS vehicles. These systems allow the vehicle to avoid collisions, change lanes, adjust the vehicle’s speed, and more without the need of driver input. However, each sensor type has a weakness, and most advanced driver- assisted system (ADAS) vehicles rely heavily on sensors, such as RGB cameras, radars, and LiDAR sensors. These visual-based sensors may collect very noisy data in cloudy, raining, foggy, or other obscuring phenomena. Radar, on the other hand, does not rely on ...


Automotive Sensor Fusion Systems For Traffic Aware Adaptive Cruise Control, Jonah T. Gandy May 2022

Automotive Sensor Fusion Systems For Traffic Aware Adaptive Cruise Control, Jonah T. Gandy

Theses and Dissertations

The autonomous driving (AD) industry is advancing at a rapid pace. New sensing technology for tracking vehicles, controlling vehicle behavior, and communicating with infrastructure are being added to commercial vehicles. These new automotive technologies reduce on road fatalities, improve ride quality, and improve vehicle fuel economy. This research explores two types of automotive sensor fusion systems: a novel radar/camera sensor fusion system using a long shortterm memory (LSTM) neural network (NN) to perform data fusion improving tracking capabilities in a simulated environment and a traditional radar/camera sensor fusion system that is deployed in Mississippi State’s entry in ...


Monolithically Integrated Microscale Pressure Sensor On An Optical Fiber Tip [U.S. Patent Us11326970b2], Jeremiah C. Williams, Hengky Chandrahalim May 2022

Monolithically Integrated Microscale Pressure Sensor On An Optical Fiber Tip [U.S. Patent Us11326970b2], Jeremiah C. Williams, Hengky Chandrahalim

Faculty Publications

A passive microscopic Fabry-Pérot Interferometer (FPI) pressure sensor includes an optical fiber and a three-dimensional microscopic optical enclosure. The three-dimensional microscopic optical enclosure includes tubular side walls having lateral pleated corrugations and attached to a cleaved tip of the optical fiber to receive a light signal. An optically reflecting end wall is distally engaged to the tubular side walls to enclose a trapped quantity of gas that longitudinally positions the optically reflecting end wall in relation to ambient air pressure, changing a distance traveled by a light signal reflected back through the optical fiber.


Manual Material Handling Lift-Assist System For Occupational Exoskeleton, Erik Goes, Daniel Guthrie, Trevor Ward May 2022

Manual Material Handling Lift-Assist System For Occupational Exoskeleton, Erik Goes, Daniel Guthrie, Trevor Ward

Honors Capstones

It is no secret that lifting heavy objects is one of the premier causes of workplace injury, and the modern worker needs help to remain healthy. Workers need something they always have with them that makes their work safer as well as easier; our solution is an active lift-assist exoskeleton. The proposed exoskeleton design includes a military backpack exoskeleton frame, on which two actuators pull cables attached to end effectors that the operator will be holding. This system can adjust to conform to a wide variety of operator sizes, without restricting any of their range of motion. This leads to ...


Automated Robotic Light Bulb Testing Platform, Agha I. Akram, Muhammad Ali Ummy May 2022

Automated Robotic Light Bulb Testing Platform, Agha I. Akram, Muhammad Ali Ummy

Publications and Research

The main purpose of this project is to create a functional prototype of a multilayered system that incorporates aspects of electrical, mechanical, and computer engineering technology. The main objective of the system is to be able to determine whether a light bulb is working or not. The building blocks of this system are a robotic arm that is able to slide along a rail (for added mobility), a conveyor belt, and an electromechanical device that holds and tests light bulbs. Initially, the robot arm picks up a light bulb and places it into the holder which then tests it. A ...


Worksheet 10 - Patch, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd May 2022

Worksheet 10 - Patch, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd

Antenna Design With HFSS

In this worksheet, steps are given to create a slotted rectangular microstrip patch antenna with an inset feed using a stripline. The patch antenna is operating in the TM10 mode.


Worksheet 09 Horn, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd May 2022

Worksheet 09 Horn, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd

Antenna Design With HFSS

This worksheet designs a pyramidal horn antenna fed by a waveport.


Worksheet 08 - Helix, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd May 2022

Worksheet 08 - Helix, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd

Antenna Design With HFSS

This worksheet creates a helical antenna operating in the axial mode. The antenna is mounted on a ground plane. The users can change the circumference of the helix and change the operating mode to broadside or conical if they wish.


Worksheet 06 - Arrays, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd May 2022

Worksheet 06 - Arrays, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd

Antenna Design With HFSS

This worksheet designs an antenna array with three identical dipole elemetns. The antenna is operating as a broadside array. By changing the parameters the users can view the grating lobes in addition to the main lobe.


Worksheet 07 - Bicone, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd May 2022

Worksheet 07 - Bicone, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd

Antenna Design With HFSS

In this worksheet, setps are given to design a full-wavelength biconical antenna. This is a broadband antenna. The worksheet also shows how to observe surface currents.


Worksheet 02 - Meshing, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd May 2022

Worksheet 02 - Meshing, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd

Antenna Design With HFSS

This worksheet is designed to oberserve the variations in results when the mesh is varied from coarse to fine, hence how to find the optimum mesh size such that we can get accurate results while not compromising computational power.


Worksheet 01 - Monopole, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd May 2022

Worksheet 01 - Monopole, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd

Antenna Design With HFSS

This worksheet guides users on modeling a quarter-wavelength monopole antenna on an infinite ground plane and observing its characteristics. The worksheet starts with parameter settings and continues on to antenna design, boundary setting, radiation setting, and then to simulation and viewing the results.


Worksheet 05 - Loop, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd May 2022

Worksheet 05 - Loop, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd

Antenna Design With HFSS

In this worksheet, the users can design a small loop. The small loop shows low directivity, hence at the end of the worksheet, the users can chanage the design parameters and increase the directivity.


Worksheet 04 - Dipole, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd May 2022

Worksheet 04 - Dipole, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd

Antenna Design With HFSS

This worksheet shows how to create a half-wavelength dipole, set the feeder through a port, observe directivity, half-power beamwidth, etc.


Worksheet 03 - Near Field, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd May 2022

Worksheet 03 - Near Field, Ashanthi Maxworth Phd

Antenna Design With HFSS

This worksheet guides students to change the observational region between, reactive near field, radiating near field, and far-field.


Memristors, Memcapacitors And Their Application In Neuromorphic Computing, Nithyakalyani Sampath May 2022

Memristors, Memcapacitors And Their Application In Neuromorphic Computing, Nithyakalyani Sampath

Student Research Symposium

Data-intensive computing operations, such as training neural networks, are essential but energy-intensive. Memcapacitance and memristance,which can be described as capacitance and resistance, with “memory”, are properties of semiconductor devices that are observed on the nano-scale. These properties allow for data storage without a constant source of power, leading to hardware which is more energy efficient.

We intend to demonstrate that we can build specialized hardware onto which a neural network can be directly mapped using memristors and memcapacitors, improving the energy efficiency of the network. We will use Simulation Program with Integrated Circuit Emphasis (SPICE) to model our memcapacitor ...


Growing Reservoir Networks Using The Genetic Algorithm Deep Hyperneat, Nancy L. Mackenzie May 2022

Growing Reservoir Networks Using The Genetic Algorithm Deep Hyperneat, Nancy L. Mackenzie

Student Research Symposium

Typical Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) have static architectures. The number of nodes and their organization must be chosen and tuned for each task. Choosing these values, or hyperparameters, is a bit of a guessing game, and optimizing must be repeated for each task. If the model is larger than necessary, this leads to more training time and computational cost. The goal of this project is to evolve networks that grow according to the task at hand. By gradually increasing the size and complexity of the network to the extent that the task requires, we will build networks that are more ...


Hinged Temperature-Immune Self-Referencing Fabry–Pérot Cavity Sensors [Us Patent Us11320596b2], Jeremiah C. Williams, Hengky Chandrahalim May 2022

Hinged Temperature-Immune Self-Referencing Fabry–Pérot Cavity Sensors [Us Patent Us11320596b2], Jeremiah C. Williams, Hengky Chandrahalim

Faculty Publications

A passive microscopic Fabry-Pérot Interferometer (FPI) sensor includes a three-dimensional microscopic optical structure formed on a cleaved tip of the optical fighter using a two-photon polymerization process on a photosensitive polymer by a three-dimensional micromachining device. The three-dimensional microscopic optical structure having a hinged optical layer pivotally connected to a distal portion of a suspended structure. A reflective layer is deposited on a mirror surface of the hinged optical layer while in an open position. The hinged optical layer is subsequently positioned in the closed position to align the mirror surface to at least partially reflect a light signal back ...


Potential Of Grid-Scale Pv And Storage Facilities To Participate In Capacity Markets, Nicholas Giovannetti May 2022

Potential Of Grid-Scale Pv And Storage Facilities To Participate In Capacity Markets, Nicholas Giovannetti

Theses and Dissertations

The recent FERC Order 841 has provided an opportunity for grid-scale PV and battery facilities to participate in the capacity market providing ancillary services. Order 841 combined with steadily decreasing PVand battery costs and increasing demand for renewable energy, gives high potential for a PV and battery facility to be economically viable. In this study, an analysis tool is developed as an auxiliary to the PV + Storage + Control + Grid (PSCG) simulation to estimate the megawatts (MW) of dispatchable capacity that can be reliably offered by a PV and storage facility. Limits are based on grid connection, power electronics, and battery ...


Measuring The Electrical Properties Of 3d Printed Plastics In The W-Band, Noah Gregory May 2022

Measuring The Electrical Properties Of 3d Printed Plastics In The W-Band, Noah Gregory

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

3D printers are a method of additive manufacturing that consists of layering material to produce a 3D structure. There are many types of 3D printers as well as many types of materials that are capable of being printed with. The most cost-effective and well documented method of 3D printing is called Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM). FDM printers work by feeding a thin strand of plastic filament through a heated extruder nozzle. This plastic is then deposited on a flat, typically heated, surface called a print bed. The part is then built by depositing thin layers of plastic in the shape ...


Low-Latency And Fresh Content Provision In Information-Centric Vehicular Networks, Shan Zhang, Junjie Li, Hongbin Luo, Jie Gao, Lian Zhao, Xuemin Sherman Shen May 2022

Low-Latency And Fresh Content Provision In Information-Centric Vehicular Networks, Shan Zhang, Junjie Li, Hongbin Luo, Jie Gao, Lian Zhao, Xuemin Sherman Shen

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

In this paper, the content service provision of information-centric vehicular networks (ICVNs) is investigated from the aspect of mobile edge caching, considering the dynamic driving-related context information. To provide up-to-date information with low latency, two schemes are designed for cache update and content delivery at the roadside units (RSUs). The roadside unit centric (RSUC) scheme decouples cache update and content delivery through bandwidth splitting, where the cached content items are updated regularly in a round-robin manner. The request adaptive (ReA) scheme updates the cached content items upon user requests with certain probabilities. The performance of both proposed schemes are analyzed ...


Incorporating In Situ Measurements Of Energy Into A Designed Method Of Detection Of Radiation Induced Degradation In Embedded Systems, Delwyn Sam May 2022

Incorporating In Situ Measurements Of Energy Into A Designed Method Of Detection Of Radiation Induced Degradation In Embedded Systems, Delwyn Sam

Honors Theses

An embedded system, or a system-on-chip (SOC), is a miniaturized computer that combines hardware and software to accomplish a certain purpose. Embedded systems are used in various applications from household appliances to the automobile industry. Additionally, SOCs are used in space environments where the surroundings consist of radiation and extreme temperatures. In these harsh conditions, embedded systems must operate properly through the effects of radiation such as total ionizing dose (TID). Because embedded systems are filled with various components and modules, and since the internal signals of the system are often inaccessible, methods to locate which specific parts of the ...


Locating Unknown Interference Sources With Time Difference Of Arrival Estimates, Chia Ying Kuo May 2022

Locating Unknown Interference Sources With Time Difference Of Arrival Estimates, Chia Ying Kuo

McKelvey School of Engineering Theses & Dissertations

Adaptive spectrum sharing between different systems and operators is being deployed in order to make use of the wireless spectrum more efficiently. However, when the spectrum is shared, it can create situations in which an operator is unable to determine the identity of an interferer transmitting an unknown signal. This is the situation in which the POWDER testbed found itself in, starting in late 2021. This thesis provides general-purpose tools for operators to locate an unknown signal source in real-world outdoor environments. We used cross-correlation between the signals measured at multiple time-synchronized base stations to estimate the time difference of ...