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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Synthesizing Adversarial Examples For Neural Networks, Hasitha Rasineni Jan 2109

Synthesizing Adversarial Examples For Neural Networks, Hasitha Rasineni

Creative Components

As machine learning is being integrated into more and more systems, such as autonomous vehicles or medical devices, they are also becoming entry points for attacks. Many sate-of-the-art neural networks have been proved, to be vulnerable to adversarial examples. These failures of machine learning models demonstrate that even simple algorithms can behave very differently from what their designers intend to. In order to close this gap between what designers intend to and how algorithms behave, there is a huge need for preventing adversarial examples to improve the credibility of the model. This study focuses on synthesizing adversarial examples using two ...


Indoor Source Localization Of Radio Frequency Transmitters Using Blind Channel Identification Techniques, Madison L. Rose Aug 2020

Indoor Source Localization Of Radio Frequency Transmitters Using Blind Channel Identification Techniques, Madison L. Rose

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Locating transmitters is a research area that is becoming increasingly relevant as technology advances. It is especially useful for determining the location of livestock, drones, keys, phones, tablets, etc. As a result of this push for locating devices, many algorithms have been developed to determine source locations. Most source location algorithms and techniques rely on a “line of sight”, or a direct path between the source and the receivers to provide accurate results.

Indoor environments pose a challenge to locating transmitters due to the many surfaces that allow radio waves to interact (reflect, refract, and generally distort) with them. Because ...


Rapid Restoration Techniques For Software-Defined Networks, Ali Malik, Ruairí De Fréin, Benjamin Aziz May 2020

Rapid Restoration Techniques For Software-Defined Networks, Ali Malik, Ruairí De Fréin, Benjamin Aziz

Articles

There is increasing demand in modern day business applications for communication networks to be robust and reliable due to the complexity and critical nature of such applications. As such, data delivery is expected to be reliable and secure even in the harshest of environments. Software-Defined Networking (SDN) is gaining traction as a promising approach for designing network architectures which are robust and flexible. One reason for this is that separating the data plane from the control plane, increases the controller’s ability to configure the network rapidly. When network failure events occur, the network manager may trade-off the optimality of ...


Heel Down And Toe-Off Time Measured With Ultrasonic Doppler System And Force Plate Sensor, Sabin Timsina May 2020

Heel Down And Toe-Off Time Measured With Ultrasonic Doppler System And Force Plate Sensor, Sabin Timsina

Honors Theses

Collie Box is a medical device that measures the gait parameters of the person walk- ing in front of it. This device uses the Ultrasonic Doppler system to extract the heel-contact and toe-off times of a person walking within the range of 2-10 meters. These times are used to determine the leg’s swing phase and double stance times. The ultrasonic transducer of 10mm diameter is driven at 40kHz. At the time of the heel-contact and toe-off, foot velocity is zero while the torso part of the human body is still in motion. The wide directivity of 10mm diameter ultrasonic ...


Zenneck Waves In Decision Agriculture: An Empirical Verification And Application In Em-Based Underground Wireless Power Transfer, Usman Raza, Abdul Salam May 2020

Zenneck Waves In Decision Agriculture: An Empirical Verification And Application In Em-Based Underground Wireless Power Transfer, Usman Raza, Abdul Salam

Faculty Publications

In this article, the results of experiments for the observation of Zenneck surface waves in sub GHz frequency range using dipole antennas are presented. Experiments are conducted over three different soils for communications distances of up to 1 m. This empirical analysis confirms the existence of Zenneck waves over the soil surface. Through the power delay profile (PDP) analysis, it has been shown that other subsurface components exhibit rapid decay as compared to the Zenneck waves. A potential application of the Zenneck waves for energy transmission in the area of decision agriculture is explored. Accordingly, a novel wireless through-the-soil power ...


Miniaturized-Element Frequency-Selective Rasorber Design Using Characteristic Modes Analysis, Qingxin Guo, Jianxun Su, Zengrui Li, Jiming Song, Yalin Guan May 2020

Miniaturized-Element Frequency-Selective Rasorber Design Using Characteristic Modes Analysis, Qingxin Guo, Jianxun Su, Zengrui Li, Jiming Song, Yalin Guan

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

A dual-polarization frequency-selective rasorber with two absorptive bands at both sides of a passband is presented. Based on the characteristic mode analysis, a circuit analog absorber is designed using a lossy FSS that consists of miniaturized meander lines and lumped resistors. The positions and values of resistors are determined according to the analysis of modal significances and modal current. After that, the presented rasorber is designed by cascading of the lossy FSS and a lossless bandpass FSS. Equivalent circuits of the frequency-selective rasorber are modelled, and surface current distributions of both FSSs are illustrated to explain the operation mechanism. Measurement ...


Numerical Modeling Of Magnetic Fields For Mirror Neutron Search Experiment, Adam Johnston May 2020

Numerical Modeling Of Magnetic Fields For Mirror Neutron Search Experiment, Adam Johnston

Pursuit - The Journal of Undergraduate Research at the University of Tennessee

This paper will outline the configuration of 3D magnetic field model simulated from electric current sources using MATLAB. The model is using 3D arrays allowing for quick and accurate numerical approximations of Bio-Savart integrals, of error < , modeling the behavior of a magnetic field due to current carrying wires. We will discuss the development of a 3D magnetic field configuration produced by the current carrying wires around a large 2.5 m diameter vacuum beam tube in the proposed mirror neutron search experiment at High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The simulations demonstrate that the magnetic field with uniformity better than ± 2.5 mG that will allow for optimal results in experiment within the controlled range of net magnetic field magnitudes |B| 500 mG and in the large vacuum tube along 20-m neutron flight path can be achieved for an approximately 6 cm radius section at the center of the tube.


Design Of Submicron Structured Guided-Mode-Resonance Near-Infrared Polarizer, Marzia Zaman May 2020

Design Of Submicron Structured Guided-Mode-Resonance Near-Infrared Polarizer, Marzia Zaman

Theses and Dissertations

The objective of this research is to design a larger submicron linear polarizer in the near-infrared wavelength range with a wide bandwidth which can be fabricated using the conventional thin-film microfabrication technology to reduce cost. For this purpose, a gold (Au) wire-grid transmission-type transverse-magnetic (TM) polarizer and a silicon (Si) wire-grid reflection-type TM polarizer, were designed using the guided-mode-resonance filter. The Au wire-grid TM polarizer of 700nm grating width and 1200nm grating period has 95% transmittance at 2400nm, more than 1000nm resonance peak bandwidth, and an extinction ratio (ER) of around 300 with a moderated level of sidebands. The 700nm ...


Deep Learning And Polar Transformation To Achieve A Novel Adaptive Automatic Modulation Classification Framework, Pejman Ghasemzadeh May 2020

Deep Learning And Polar Transformation To Achieve A Novel Adaptive Automatic Modulation Classification Framework, Pejman Ghasemzadeh

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

Automatic modulation classification (AMC) is an approach that can be leveraged to identify an observed signal's most likely employed modulation scheme without any a priori knowledge of the intercepted signal. Of the three primary approaches proposed in literature, which are likelihood-based, distribution test-based, and feature-based (FB), the latter is considered to be the most promising approach for real-world implementations due to its favorable computational complexity and classification accuracy. FB AMC is comprised of two stages: feature extraction and labeling. In this thesis, we enhance the FB approach in both stages. In the feature extraction stage, we propose a new ...


Development And Test Of High Temperature Surface Acoustic Wave Gas Sensors, Armando E. Ayes Moncada May 2020

Development And Test Of High Temperature Surface Acoustic Wave Gas Sensors, Armando E. Ayes Moncada

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The demand for sensors in hostile environments, such as power plant environments, exhaust systems and high-temperature metallurgy environments, has risen over the past decades in a continuous attempt to increase process control, improve energy and process efficiency in production, reduce operational and maintenance costs, increase safety, and perform condition-based maintenance in equipment and structures operating in high-temperature, harsh-environment conditions. The increased reliability, improved performance, and development of new sensors and networks with a multitude of components, especially wireless networks, are the target for operation in harsh environments. Gas sensors, in particular hydrogen gas sensors, operating above 200°C are required ...


Robust Control Of Burst Suppression Amid Physical And Neurological Uncertainty, Stephen Ampleman, Shinung Ching May 2020

Robust Control Of Burst Suppression Amid Physical And Neurological Uncertainty, Stephen Ampleman, Shinung Ching

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

Burst suppression is a clinical term describing a phenomenon in which the electroencephalogram (EEG) of a sedated patient produces behavior that switches between higher frequency and amplitude bursting to lower frequency and lower amplitude suppression. This phenomenon can be observed during general anesthesia, hypothermia, or in an otherwise induced coma state. In a clinical setting, this phenomenon is typically induced by sedation from a drug such as propofol (2,6-diisopropylphenol). The level of sedation can be quantified by something called the burst suppression ratio (BSR), which is defined as the amount of time that a patient’s EEG is in ...


A Study Of Potential Security And Safety Vulnerabilities In Cyber-Physical Systems, Ali Al-Hashimi May 2020

A Study Of Potential Security And Safety Vulnerabilities In Cyber-Physical Systems, Ali Al-Hashimi

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The work in this dissertation focuses on two examples of Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS), integrations of communication and monitoring capabilities to control a physical system, that operate in adversarial environments. That is to say, it is possible for individuals with malicious intent to gain access to various components of the CPS, disrupt normal operation, and induce harmful impacts. Such a deliberate action will be referred to as an attack. Therefore, some possible attacks against two CPSs will be studied in this dissertation and, when possible, solutions to handle such attacks will also be suggested.

The first CPS of interest is vehicular ...


Hardware Accelerator For Star Centroiding, Nazmus Sakib May 2020

Hardware Accelerator For Star Centroiding, Nazmus Sakib

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Since the dawn of civilization mankind has gazed upon the night sky and looked for directions. In this modern age, the stars have proved to be a reliable reference point for navigation in space. From small-satellites for gathering weather data to inter-planetary missions like Cassini Orbiter, figuring out the location of a spacecraft has been done successfully by taking images of star filed visible from the spacecraft, processing and analyzing the image to find the stars and then finding out from a star catalog which part of the sky the patterns of the visible stars best matches. But a lot ...


System-Level Analysis Of Autonomous Uav Landing Sensitivities In Gps-Denied Environments, Terran R. Gerratt May 2020

System-Level Analysis Of Autonomous Uav Landing Sensitivities In Gps-Denied Environments, Terran R. Gerratt

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This paper presents an analysis of the navigation accuracy of an fixed-wing Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) landing on a aircraft carrier. The UAV is equipped with typical sensors used in landing scenarios. Data from the Office of Naval Research is used to accurately capture the behavior of the aircraft carrier. Through simulation, the position and orientation of both the UAV and carrier are estimated. The quality of the UAV’s sensors are varied to determine the sensitivity of these estimates to sensor accuracy. The system’s sensitivity to GPS signals and visual markers on the carrier is also analyzed. These ...


Command, Control And Telemetry For Utah State University's Scintillation Prediction Observation Research Task (Sport) Mission, Jordan Haws May 2020

Command, Control And Telemetry For Utah State University's Scintillation Prediction Observation Research Task (Sport) Mission, Jordan Haws

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Scintillation Prediction Observation Research Task (SPORT) is a joint United States of America (USA) and Brazil small satellite mission to address the further under-standing of the preconditions leading to equatorial plasma bubbles. Utah State University (USU) is supplying four instruments towards this SPORT mission. These four instruments will allow measurements of the electric field and plasma density in the ionosphere which will help understand what gives rise to plasma bubbles in the ionosphere.

This thesis will discuss the command, control, and telemetry communications needed to operate the SPORT USU instruments. It will cover an overview of the instruments involved ...


Early Warning Solar Storm Prediction, Ian D. Lumsden, Marvin Joshi, Matthew Smalley, Aiden Rutter, Ben Klein May 2020

Early Warning Solar Storm Prediction, Ian D. Lumsden, Marvin Joshi, Matthew Smalley, Aiden Rutter, Ben Klein

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Integrated Photonic Device, Brittney Kuhn May 2020

Integrated Photonic Device, Brittney Kuhn

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

In computer mediated communication networks, information is typically encoded optically to transmit signals over long distances. At a network node, the optical signal is transformed into the electrical domain, processed electronically, and transformed back to an optical state to reach its destination. Transitioning between optical and electrical encoding of the signal is a potential security weak point, especially for quantum communication links. If information can remain in one state as it travels through the network, then security breaches can be detected and dealt with more easily. Furthermore, keeping the information in one state can reduce power consumption in the network ...


Development And Upgrade Of A Laser Cooling And Trapping System Of Ultracold Potassium Atoms, Bennett Atwater May 2020

Development And Upgrade Of A Laser Cooling And Trapping System Of Ultracold Potassium Atoms, Bennett Atwater

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis describes work to improve the apparatus that cools and loads potassium atoms onto the atom chip. This work consists of two main thrusts: a laser trap translator to help cool and load atoms onto the atom chip and a temperature stabilization system for the lasers that are used to laser cool potassium atoms. The current iteration of the beam translator has the ability to vertically translate a beam ±4.5 mm relative to its incident height. The translator has been shown to not alter the spatial profile of the beam through interference or obstruction. The translator’s rotation ...


Ohmic Contact Metallization For Silicon Carbide In Future Transportation And Aviation Systems, Tanner W. Rice May 2020

Ohmic Contact Metallization For Silicon Carbide In Future Transportation And Aviation Systems, Tanner W. Rice

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper analyzes metallization stacks in both n-type and p-type used in Silicon Carbide to create Ohmic Contacts. Silicon Carbide has shown its significance in usage as a semiconductor in high temperatures, and other extreme environments compared to its silicon counterpart. Additionally, silicon carbide exhibits many other favorable attributes such as strong radiation hardness, high power capability, and high-temperature tolerance. These attributes translate into great components for use in aviation and other future transportations by increasing reliability in a sector that already requires high reliability. Applications of this material could prove useful in fields such as aviation, among others. This ...


Improving Pv Module Efficiency Through Cooling, Megan Reynolds May 2020

Improving Pv Module Efficiency Through Cooling, Megan Reynolds

Chemical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Solarbacks researched and designed a variety of cooling methods that could be used to improve the efficiency of photovoltaics. These cooling methods can be separated into two categories: active and passive methods. The active cooling method of hydraulic cooling and the passive cooling methods of heat sinks (fins), optical coatings, thermosyphons, phase change materials, and thermoelectric generators were all taken into consideration as potential cooling methods. Passive cooling methods were preferred because the use of electricity required for the cooling mechanism would reduce the net electricity and subsequent profit from the panels.

Two variations of hydraulic cooling were researched ...


Design And Verification Of Search Coil Inductance For Pulse Induction Metal Detection, David Desrochers May 2020

Design And Verification Of Search Coil Inductance For Pulse Induction Metal Detection, David Desrochers

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

As violent attacks have increased at different venues such as schools, the need for affordable and effective metallic weapon detection has increased. Probing and scanning detection wands are the most common seen in use by guards. This project seeks to combine both probing and scanning coils into one pulse induction metal detector. The use of one drive circuit for both LC coil tank circuits further economizes the system. ANSYS Maxwell electromagnetic simulations are used to develop the geometries needed for sensitive metal detection. Analytical, simulation, and experimental methods are used to first verify the design flow for solenoid inductors. These ...


Smart Textiles As The Digital Interface Of The Future, Audra Beneux May 2020

Smart Textiles As The Digital Interface Of The Future, Audra Beneux

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The growing field of smart textiles could change everyday life, adding an element of interactivity to commonly used items such as clothing and furniture. Smart textiles measure then respond to external stimuli. For scalability in the future, smart textiles must be produced using conventional textile manufacturing craftsmanship. The resulting textile must be durable and comfortable while retaining electrical capabilities. Smart textiles can be fabricating through embroidery, weaving, and knitting using conductive threads. Electronics can also be printed onto textiles. Researchers are also creating higher-order electronics, such as the transistor, on the fiber-level to make the technology in smart textiles as ...


Improving Pv Module Efficiency Through Cooling, Harrison Dawson May 2020

Improving Pv Module Efficiency Through Cooling, Harrison Dawson

Chemical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Solarbacks researched and designed a variety of cooling methods that could be used to improve the efficiency of photovoltaics. These cooling methods can be separated into two categories: active and passive methods. The active cooling method of hydraulic cooling and the passive cooling methods of heat sinks (fins), optical coatings, thermosyphons, phase change materials, and thermoelectric generators were all taken into consideration as potential cooling methods. Passive cooling methods were preferred because the use of electricity required for the cooling mechanism would reduce the net electricity and subsequent profit from the panels.

Two variations of hydraulic cooling were researched ...


Methods Of High-Fidelity, High-Efficiency Class-D Audio Amplification, Kaleb Kassaw May 2020

Methods Of High-Fidelity, High-Efficiency Class-D Audio Amplification, Kaleb Kassaw

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Gallium nitride-based field effect transistors (FETs) have opened a path for full-frequency-range class-D audio amplifiers with low distortion and noise, thanks to their ability to switch at much higher frequencies than that of the upper range of human hearing. Compared to traditional silicon-based transistors, GaN-based transistors offer superior efficiencies, particularly at power levels below their maxima. Paired with an analog-to-digital converter, digital signal processor, and pulse-code modulation to pulse-width modulation converter, these transistors are used to design and implement a solid-state amplifier capable of generating 100 watts of output through speakers with an impedance of 8 ohms using a 1-volt ...


Improving Pv Module Efficiency Through Cooling, Ashley Cox May 2020

Improving Pv Module Efficiency Through Cooling, Ashley Cox

Chemical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Solarbacks researched and designed a variety of cooling methods that could be used to improve the efficiency of photovoltaics. These cooling methods can be separated into two categories: active and passive methods. The active cooling method of hydraulic cooling and the passive cooling methods of heat sinks (fins), optical coatings, thermosyphons, phase change materials, and thermoelectric generators were all taken into consideration as potential cooling methods. Passive cooling methods were preferred because the use of electricity required for the cooling mechanism would reduce the net electricity and subsequent profit from the panels.

Two variations of hydraulic cooling were researched ...


Reducing Emi In Sic Direct Torque Controlled Motor Drive, Michael Sykes May 2020

Reducing Emi In Sic Direct Torque Controlled Motor Drive, Michael Sykes

Electrical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper covers the comparison between Silicon (Si) vs Silicon Carbide (SiC) for Motor Drive systems and a possible control algorithm to limit the increased Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) caused by using SiC transistors for the inverter. Motor Drive systems need constant improvements if the world is going to move on from machines that emit CO2 and other harmful gases into the Earth’s atmosphere. One reason these electric machines are not commonplace today is because of their efficiency and other problems they may cause. Silicon transistors are the most commonplace transistor around the world today, but advances over the ...


Improving Pv Module Efficiency Through Cooling, Blake Bradley May 2020

Improving Pv Module Efficiency Through Cooling, Blake Bradley

Chemical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Solarbacks researched and designed a variety of cooling methods that could be used to improve the efficiency of photovoltaics. These cooling methods can be separated into two categories: active and passive methods. The active cooling method of hydraulic cooling and the passive cooling methods of heat sinks (fins), optical coatings, thermosyphons, phase change materials, and thermoelectric generators were all taken into consideration as potential cooling methods. Passive cooling methods were preferred because the use of electricity required for the cooling mechanism would reduce the net electricity and subsequent profit from the panels.

Two variations of hydraulic cooling were researched ...


Research Tools And Their Uses For Determining The Thermal Inactivation Kinetics Of Salmonella In Low-Moisture Foods, Soon Kiat Lau Apr 2020

Research Tools And Their Uses For Determining The Thermal Inactivation Kinetics Of Salmonella In Low-Moisture Foods, Soon Kiat Lau

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research in Food Science and Technology

The reputation of low-moisture foods as safe foods has been crumbling over the past decade due to repeated involvement in foodborne illness outbreaks. Although various pasteurization technologies exist, a majority are thermal processes and have not been well-characterized for pasteurizing low-moisture foods. In addition, the nature of a low-moisture food matrix introduces various experimental complications that are not encountered in high-moisture foods. In this dissertation, the development, building instructions, and characterization of various open source tools for studying the inactivation kinetics of microorganisms in low-moisture foods are described. The first tool is the TDT Sandwich, a dry heating device for ...


Spectrum Modeling Of Out-Of-Band Intermodulation For Dual-Band Rf Amplifiers In Ofdm Modulation, Xianzhen Yang, Siyuan Yan, Xiao Li, Qiang Wu, Fu Li Apr 2020

Spectrum Modeling Of Out-Of-Band Intermodulation For Dual-Band Rf Amplifiers In Ofdm Modulation, Xianzhen Yang, Siyuan Yan, Xiao Li, Qiang Wu, Fu Li

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Dual-band RF amplifiers play increasingly important roles in next-generation mobile communication systems including 5G, and the out-of-band intermodulation products are often not negligible since they generate interference to adjacent channels. In this article, following our previous modeling of cross-modulation for amplified dual-band signals, an analytical expression of out-of-band intermodulation for dual-band orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing signals is derived using the third-order intercept points IP3. The experimental measurement results validate the proposed analytical expression.


On The Performance Of Detecting Injection Of Fabricated Messages Into The Can Bus, Lotfi Ben Othmane, Lalitha Dhulipala, Nicholas Multari, Manimaran Govindarasu Apr 2020

On The Performance Of Detecting Injection Of Fabricated Messages Into The Can Bus, Lotfi Ben Othmane, Lalitha Dhulipala, Nicholas Multari, Manimaran Govindarasu

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

There have been several public demonstrations of attacks on connected vehicles showing the ability of an attacker to take control of a targeted vehicle by injecting messages into their CAN bus. In this paper, using injected speed reading and RPM reading messages in in-motion vehicle, we examine the ability of the Pearson correlation and the unsupervised learning methods k-means clustering and HMM to differentiate 'no-attack' and 'under-attack' states of the given vehicle. We found that the Pearson correlation distinguishes the two states, the k-means clustering method has an acceptable accuracy but high false positive rate and HMM detects attacks with ...