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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

3d Bionic Arm, Anny Baez Silfa Dec 2021

3d Bionic Arm, Anny Baez Silfa

Publications and Research

Previous work had been done on what was an adaptation of a robotic arm for Roboqueen, which is a persistent research project of the Department of Computer Engineering Technology. This robotic arm consisted of removing the cardboard hands from the Roboqueen and being replaced by 3D printed fingers and wrists to add functionality that did not exist before. Servo motors connected to Arduinos hidden in the forearm will be used to move the fingers and pick up and hold objects in the hand. Currently, the Finger Myoware is an update of the robotic arm in order to understand how prosthetic ...


Enterprise Environment Modeling For Penetration Testing On The Openstack Virtualization Platform, Vincent Karovič Jr., Jakub Bartaloš, Vincent Karovič, Michal Greguš Dec 2021

Enterprise Environment Modeling For Penetration Testing On The Openstack Virtualization Platform, Vincent Karovič Jr., Jakub Bartaloš, Vincent Karovič, Michal Greguš

Journal of Global Business Insights

The article presents the design of a model environment for penetration testing of an organization using virtualization. The need for this model was based on the constantly increasing requirements for the security of information systems, both in legal terms and in accordance with international security standards. The model was created based on a specific team from the unnamed company. The virtual working environment offered the same functions as the physical environment. The virtual working environment was created in OpenStack and tested with a Linux distribution Kali Linux. We demonstrated that the virtual environment is functional and its security testable. Virtualizing ...


Dynamic Planning Networks, Norman Tasfi, Miriam A M Capretz Jul 2021

Dynamic Planning Networks, Norman Tasfi, Miriam A M Capretz

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

We introduce Dynamic Planning Networks (DPN), a novel architecture for deep reinforcement learning, that combines model-based and model-free aspects for online planning. Our architecture learns to dynamically construct plans using a learned state-transition model by selecting and traversing between simulated states and actions to maximize information before acting. DPN learns to efficiently form plans by expanding a single action conditional state transition at a time instead of exhaustively evaluating each action, reducing the number of state-transitions used during planning. We observe emergent planning patterns in our agent, including classical search methods such as breadth-first and depth-first search. DPN shows improved ...


Dependencyvis: Helping Developers Visualize Software Dependency Information, Nathan Lui Jun 2021

Dependencyvis: Helping Developers Visualize Software Dependency Information, Nathan Lui

Master's Theses

The use of dependencies have been increasing in popularity over the past decade, especially as package managers such as JavaScript's npm has made getting these packages a simple command to run. However, while incidents such as the left-pad incident has increased awareness of how vulnerable relying on these packages are, there is still some work to be done when it comes to getting developers to take the extra research step to determine if a package is up to standards. Finding metrics of different packages and comparing them is always a difficult and time consuming task, especially since potential vulnerabilities ...


Characterization Of Time-Variant And Time-Invariant Assessment Of Suicidality On Reddit Using C-Ssrs, Manas Gaur, Vamsi Aribandi, Amanuel Alambo, Ugur Kursuncu, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Jonathan Beich, Jyotishman Pathak, Amit Sheth May 2021

Characterization Of Time-Variant And Time-Invariant Assessment Of Suicidality On Reddit Using C-Ssrs, Manas Gaur, Vamsi Aribandi, Amanuel Alambo, Ugur Kursuncu, Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Jonathan Beich, Jyotishman Pathak, Amit Sheth

Publications

Suicide is the 10th leading cause of death in the U.S (1999-2019). However, predicting when someone will attempt suicide has been nearly impossible. In the modern world, many individuals suffering from mental illness seek emotional support and advice on well-known and easily-accessible social media platforms such as Reddit. While prior artificial intelligence research has demonstrated the ability to extract valuable information from social media on suicidal thoughts and behaviors, these efforts have not considered both severity and temporality of risk. The insights made possible by access to such data have enormous clinical potential - most dramatically envisioned as a trigger ...


Using An Integrative Machine Learning Approach To Study Microrna Regulation Networks In Pancreatic Cancer Progression, Roland Madadjim May 2021

Using An Integrative Machine Learning Approach To Study Microrna Regulation Networks In Pancreatic Cancer Progression, Roland Madadjim

Computer Science and Engineering: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

With advances in genomic discovery tools, recent biomedical research has produced a massive amount of genomic data on post-transcriptional regulations related to various transcript factors, microRNAs, lncRNAs, epigenetic modifications, and genetic variations. In this direction, the field of gene regulation network inference is created and aims to understand the interactome regulations between these molecules (e.g., gene-gene, miRNA-gene) that take place to build models able to capture behavioral changes in biological systems. A question of interest arises in integrating such molecules to build a network while treating each specie in its uniqueness. Given the dynamic changes of interactome in chaotic ...


Identification Of Emergent Collaborative Behaviors In Multi-Agent Systems, Bryson Howell May 2021

Identification Of Emergent Collaborative Behaviors In Multi-Agent Systems, Bryson Howell

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Identification of Emergent Collaborative Behaviors in Multi-Agent Systems

Bryson Howell

Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning (MARL) has been used to allow groups of autonomous agents to perform complex cooperative tasks. When MARL methods such as the Multi-Agent Deep Deterministic Policy Gradient (MADDPG) algorithm [1] are used to train teams of agents in cooperative tasks, it has been observed that the actions of individual agents are significantly influenced by the actions of their teammates [2]. Additionally, prior work has shown that teams of agents trained independently of one another under identical conditions display a variety of behaviors [3]. Since these teams have been ...


Artificial Intelligence And The Ethics Behind It, Isaac Johnston May 2021

Artificial Intelligence And The Ethics Behind It, Isaac Johnston

Senior Honors Theses

Artificial intelligence (AI) has been a widely used buzzword for the past couple of years. If there is a technology that works without human interaction, it is labeled as AI. But what is AI, and should individuals be concerned? The following research aims to define what artificial intelligence is, specifically machine learning (ML) and neural networks. It is important to understand how AI is used today in cars, image recognition, ad marketing, and other areas. Although AI has many benefits, there are areas of ethical concerns such as autonomous cars, military applications, social media marketing, and others. This paper helps ...


Rethink Everything 2: Markets, Globalization, Development, Nikhilesh Dholakia, Deniz Atik May 2021

Rethink Everything 2: Markets, Globalization, Development, Nikhilesh Dholakia, Deniz Atik

Markets, Globalization & Development Review

No abstract provided.


Teachability And Interpretability In Reinforcement Learning, Jeevan Rajagopal May 2021

Teachability And Interpretability In Reinforcement Learning, Jeevan Rajagopal

Computer Science and Engineering: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

There have been many recent advancements in the field of reinforcement learning, starting from the Deep Q Network playing various Atari 2600 games all the way to Google Deempind's Alphastar playing competitively in the game StarCraft. However, as the field challenges more complex environments, the current methods of training models and understanding their decision making become less effective. Currently, the problem is partially dealt with by simply adding more resources, but the need for a better solution remains.

This thesis proposes a reinforcement learning framework where a teacher or entity with domain knowledge of the task to complete can ...


Data Forgery Detection In Automatic Generation Control: Exploration Of Automated Parameter Generation And Low-Rate Attacks, Yatish R. Dubasi May 2021

Data Forgery Detection In Automatic Generation Control: Exploration Of Automated Parameter Generation And Low-Rate Attacks, Yatish R. Dubasi

Computer Science and Computer Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Automatic Generation Control (AGC) is a key control system utilized in electric power systems. AGC uses frequency and tie-line power flow measurements to determine the Area Control Error (ACE). ACE is then used by the AGC to adjust power generation and maintain an acceptable power system frequency. Attackers might inject false frequency and/or tie-line power flow measurements to mislead AGC into falsely adjusting power generation, which can harm power system operations. Various data forgery detection models are studied in this thesis. First, to make the use of predictive detection models easier for users, we propose a method for automated ...


Malicious Hardware & Its Effects On Industry, Gustavo Perez May 2021

Malicious Hardware & Its Effects On Industry, Gustavo Perez

Computer Science and Computer Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

In recent years advancements have been made in computer hardware security to circumnavigate the threat of malicious hardware. Threats come in several forms during the development and overall life cycle of computer hardware and I aim to highlight those key points. I will illustrate the various ways in which attackers exploit flaws in a chip design, or how malicious parties take advantage of the many steps required to design and fabricate hardware. Due to these exploits, the industry and consumers have suffered damages in the form of financial loss, physical harm, breaches of personal data, and a multitude of other ...


Dynamic Task Allocation In Partially Defined Environments Using A* With Bounded Costs, James Hendrickson May 2021

Dynamic Task Allocation In Partially Defined Environments Using A* With Bounded Costs, James Hendrickson

PhD Dissertations and Master's Theses

The sector of maritime robotics has seen a boom in operations in areas such as surveying and mapping, clean-up, inspections, search and rescue, law enforcement, and national defense. As this sector has continued to grow, there has been an increased need for single unmanned systems to be able to undertake more complex and greater numbers of tasks. As the maritime domain can be particularly difficult for autonomous vehicles to operate in due to the partially defined nature of the environment, it is crucial that a method exists which is capable of dynamically accomplishing tasks within this operational domain. By considering ...


Robot Object Detection And Locomotion Demonstration For Eecs Department Tours, Bryson Howell, Ethan Haworth, Chris Mobley, Ian Mulet May 2021

Robot Object Detection And Locomotion Demonstration For Eecs Department Tours, Bryson Howell, Ethan Haworth, Chris Mobley, Ian Mulet

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Automated Bottling Station - Packaging System, Lauren Nicole Zinzilieta May 2021

Automated Bottling Station - Packaging System, Lauren Nicole Zinzilieta

Honors College Theses

This report focuses on the packaging system used at the end of the FESTO bottling station that is located in EP 2355. The system will be made up of an x-y 300 mm x 300 mm gantry system, an Arduino, two micro-stepping stepper drivers, and two 152.4 mm (6 in) single acting cylinders with a 3D printed bracket attached to both. The gantry system will be located at the end of the conveyor belt and will be programmed to pick up three bottles at a time and then will move a specified number of steps in both the x ...


Wearables And Wearable Data In Tele-Health Applications, Jack Mazza May 2021

Wearables And Wearable Data In Tele-Health Applications, Jack Mazza

Honors Theses

With the sudden emergence of Covid-19, Tele-Health has been forced into the forefront of healthcare. With no human contact, regular in-person doctor or clinic visits could not be made. Unfortunately, there is a gap in patient data for healthcare professionals when making diagnoses remotely. Fortunately, many users are constantly collecting some primary health data through wearables that have become commonplace in users' homes. Tapping into this unused data could provide healthcare professionals with a better picture of patients' health remotely. In this thesis, I will determine whether this wearable data can be a viable addition to Tele-Health applications, providing additional ...


A Study Of Deep Reinforcement Learning In Autonomous Racing Using Deepracer Car, Mukesh Ghimire May 2021

A Study Of Deep Reinforcement Learning In Autonomous Racing Using Deepracer Car, Mukesh Ghimire

Honors Theses

Reinforcement learning is thought to be a promising branch of machine learning that has the potential to help us develop an Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) machine. Among the machine learning algorithms, primarily, supervised, semi supervised, unsupervised and reinforcement learning, reinforcement learning is different in a sense that it explores the environment without prior knowledge, and determines the optimal action. This study attempts to understand the concept behind reinforcement learning, the mathematics behind it and see it in action by deploying the trained model in Amazon's DeepRacer car. DeepRacer, a 1/18th scaled autonomous car, is the agent which ...


Pandemic Policymaking, Philip D. Waggoner Apr 2021

Pandemic Policymaking, Philip D. Waggoner

Journal of Social Computing

This study leverages a high dimensional manifold learning design to explore the latent structure of the pandemic policymaking space only based on bill-level characteristics of pandemic-focused bills from 1973 to 2020. Results indicate the COVID-19 era of policymaking maps extremely closely onto prior periods of related policymaking. This suggests that there is striking uniformity in Congressional policymaking related to these types of large-scale crises over time, despite currently operating in a unique era of hyperpolarization, division, and ineffective governance.


Deeppredict: A Zone Preference Prediction System For Online Lodging Platforms, Yihan Ma, Hua Sun, Yang Chen, Jiayun Zhang, Yang Xu, Xin Wang Apr 2021

Deeppredict: A Zone Preference Prediction System For Online Lodging Platforms, Yihan Ma, Hua Sun, Yang Chen, Jiayun Zhang, Yang Xu, Xin Wang

Journal of Social Computing

Online lodging platforms have become more and more popular around the world. To make a booking in these platforms, a user usually needs to select a city first, then browses among all the prospective options. To improve the user experience, understanding the zone preferences of a user’s booking behavior will be helpful. In this work, we aim to predict the zone preferences of users when booking accommodations for the next travel. We have two main challenges: (1) The previous works about next information of Points Of Interest (POIs) recommendation are mainly focused on users’ historical records in the same ...


Estimating Multiple Socioeconomic Attributes Via Home Location—A Case Study In China, Shichang Ding, Xin Gao, Yufan Dong, Yiwei Tong, Xiaoming Fu Apr 2021

Estimating Multiple Socioeconomic Attributes Via Home Location—A Case Study In China, Shichang Ding, Xin Gao, Yufan Dong, Yiwei Tong, Xiaoming Fu

Journal of Social Computing

Inferring people’s Socioeconomic Attributes (SEAs), including income, occupation, and education level, is an important problem for both social sciences and many networked applications like targeted advertising and personalized recommendation. Previous works mainly focus on estimating SEAs from peoples’ cyberspace behaviors and relationships, such as the content of tweets or the social networks between online users. Besides cyberspace data, alternative data sources about users’ physical behavior, like their home location, may offer new insights. More specifically, in this paper, we study how to predict a person’s income level, family income level, occupation type, and education level from his/her ...


Learning Universal Network Representation Via Link Prediction By Graph Convolutional Neural Network, Weiwei Gu, Fei Gao, Ruiqi Li, Jiang Zhang Apr 2021

Learning Universal Network Representation Via Link Prediction By Graph Convolutional Neural Network, Weiwei Gu, Fei Gao, Ruiqi Li, Jiang Zhang

Journal of Social Computing

Network representation learning algorithms, which aim at automatically encoding graphs into low-dimensional vector representations with a variety of node similarity definitions, have a wide range of downstream applications. Most existing methods either have low accuracies in downstream tasks or a very limited application field, such as article classification in citation networks. In this paper, we propose a novel network representation method, named Link Prediction based Network Representation (LPNR), which generalizes the latest graph neural network and optimizes a carefully designed objective function that preserves linkage structures. LPNR can not only learn meaningful node representations that achieve competitive accuracy in node ...


Using Twitter Bios To Measure Changes In Self-Identity: Are Americans Defining Themselves More Politically Over Time?, Nick Rogers, Jason J. Jones Apr 2021

Using Twitter Bios To Measure Changes In Self-Identity: Are Americans Defining Themselves More Politically Over Time?, Nick Rogers, Jason J. Jones

Journal of Social Computing

Are Americans weaving their political views more tightly into the fabric of their self-identity over time? If so, then we might expect partisan disagreements to continue becoming more emotional, tribal, and intractable. Much recent scholarship has speculated that this politicization of Americans’ identity is occurring, but there has been little compelling attempt to quantify the phenomenon, largely because the concept of identity is notoriously difficult to measure. We introduce here a methodology, Longitudinal Online Profile Sampling (LOPS), which affords quantifiable insights into the way individuals amend their identity over time. Using this method, we analyze millions of "bios" on the ...


How To Better Identify Venture Capital Network Communities: Exploration Of A Semi-Supervised Community Detection Method, Hong Xiong, Ying Fan Apr 2021

How To Better Identify Venture Capital Network Communities: Exploration Of A Semi-Supervised Community Detection Method, Hong Xiong, Ying Fan

Journal of Social Computing

In the field of Venture Capital (VC), researchers have found that VC companies are more likely to jointly invest with other VC companies. This paper attempts to realize a semi-supervised community detection of the VC network based on the data of VC networking and the list of industry leaders. The main research method is to design the initial label of community detection according to the evolution of components of the VC industry leaders. The results show that the community structure of the VC network has obvious distinguishing characteristics, and the aggregation of these communities is affected by the type of ...


Mapping Renewal: How An Unexpected Interdisciplinary Collaboration Transformed A Digital Humanities Project, Elise Tanner, Geoffrey Joseph Apr 2021

Mapping Renewal: How An Unexpected Interdisciplinary Collaboration Transformed A Digital Humanities Project, Elise Tanner, Geoffrey Joseph

Digital Initiatives Symposium

Funded by a National Endowment for Humanities (NEH) Humanities Collections and Reference Resources Foundations Grant, the UA Little Rock Center for Arkansas History and Culture’s “Mapping Renewal” pilot project focused on creating access to and providing spatial context to archival materials related to racial segregation and urban renewal in the city of Little Rock, Arkansas, from 1954-1989. An unplanned interdisciplinary collaboration with the UA Little Rock Arkansas Economic Development Institute (AEDI) has proven to be an invaluable partnership. One team member from each department will demonstrate the Mapping Renewal website and discuss how the collaborative process has changed and ...


A Brief Bibliometric Survey Of Explainable Ai In Medical Field, Nilkanth Mukund Deshpande, Shilpa Shailesh Gite Apr 2021

A Brief Bibliometric Survey Of Explainable Ai In Medical Field, Nilkanth Mukund Deshpande, Shilpa Shailesh Gite

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Background: This study aims to analyze the work done in the field of explainability related to artificial intelligence, especially in the medical field from 2004 onwards using the bibliometric methods.

Methods: different articles based on the topic leukemia detection were retrieved using one of the most popular database- Scopus. The articles are considered from 2004 onwards. Scopus analyzer is used for different types of analysis including documents by year, source, county and so on. There are other different analysis tools such as VOSviewer Version 1.6.15. This is used for the analysis of different units such as co-authorship, co-occurrences ...


Project Blipper, Peter Jacobs, Preston Delaware, Ryan Foster Apr 2021

Project Blipper, Peter Jacobs, Preston Delaware, Ryan Foster

Senior Design Project For Engineers

This project was sponsored by Clorox to design and create an automatic bottle-unscrambling system for possible implementation at their bottling plant in Chile. The objective was to use a robotic arm to unscramble bottles from an incoming conveyor belt and place them upright on an outbound conveyor belt. Throughout the research, design, and testing of solutions for this project, several design alternatives were found for each discipline, and will be presented to Clorox so that they can make an informed decision for how and if they want to move forward with implementation of this project.

The project was split into ...


Owsnet: Towards Real-Time Offensive Words Spotting Network For Consumer Iot Devices, Bharath Sudharsan, Sweta Malik, Peter Corcoran, Pankesh Patel, John G. Breslin, Muhammad Intizar Ali Apr 2021

Owsnet: Towards Real-Time Offensive Words Spotting Network For Consumer Iot Devices, Bharath Sudharsan, Sweta Malik, Peter Corcoran, Pankesh Patel, John G. Breslin, Muhammad Intizar Ali

Publications

Every modern household owns at least a dozen of IoT devices like smart speakers, video doorbells, smartwatches, where most of them are equipped with a Keyword spotting(KWS) system-based digital voice assistant like Alexa. The state-of-the-art KWS systems require a large number of operations, higher computation, memory resources to show top performance. In this paper, in contrast to existing resource-demanding KWS systems, we propose a light-weight temporal convolution based KWS system named OWSNet, that can comfortably execute on a variety of IoT devices around us and can accurately spot multiple keywords in real-time without disturbing the device's routine functionalities ...


Quantitative Analysis Of Research On Artificial Intelligence In Retinopathy Of Prematurity, Ranjana Agrawal, Manasi Anup Agrawal, Sucheta Kulkarni, Ketan Kotecha, Rahee Walambe Apr 2021

Quantitative Analysis Of Research On Artificial Intelligence In Retinopathy Of Prematurity, Ranjana Agrawal, Manasi Anup Agrawal, Sucheta Kulkarni, Ketan Kotecha, Rahee Walambe

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) is a disease of the eye and a potential source of blindness in low birth weight preterm infants. It is preventable if diagnosed and treated on time. Artificial Intelligence (AI) has played an important role in developing automated screening systems to assist medical experts. There are many traditional literature review articles available that focus on the scientific content of ROP-AI. The researchers also require a bibliometric analysis to become acquainted with the competing groups and new trends in this field. This paper gives a brief overview of ROP and AI systems for ROP screening with a ...


Defining And Detecting Toxicity On Social Media: Context And Knowledge Are Key, Amit Sheth, Valerie Shalin, Ugur Kursuncu Apr 2021

Defining And Detecting Toxicity On Social Media: Context And Knowledge Are Key, Amit Sheth, Valerie Shalin, Ugur Kursuncu

Publications

As the role of online platforms has become increasingly prominent for communication, toxic behaviors, such as cyberbullying and harassment, have been rampant in the last decade. On the other hand, online toxicity is multi-dimensional and sensitive in nature, which makes its detection challenging. As the impact of exposure to online toxicity can lead to serious implications for individuals and communities, reliable models and algorithms are required for detecting and understanding such communications. In this paper We define toxicity to provide a foundation drawing social theories. Then, we provide an approach that identifies multiple dimensions of toxicity and incorporates explicit knowledge ...


Student Academic Conference, Caitlin Brooks Apr 2021

Student Academic Conference, Caitlin Brooks

Student Academic Conference

No abstract provided.