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Articles 1 - 30 of 6912

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Array-Based Guided Wave Source Location Using Dispersion Compensation, Andrew Downs, Ronald A. Roberts, Jiming Song Nov 2021

Array-Based Guided Wave Source Location Using Dispersion Compensation, Andrew Downs, Ronald A. Roberts, Jiming Song

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

An important advantage of guided waves is their ability to propagate large distances and yield more information about flaws than bulk waves. Unfortunately, the multi-modal, dispersive nature of guided waves makes them difficult to use for locating flaws. In this work, we present a method and experimental data for removing the deleterious effects of multi-mode dispersion allowing for source localization at frequencies comparable to those of bulk waves. Time domain signals are obtained using a novel 64-element phased array and processed to extract wave number and frequency spectra. By an application of Auld’s electro-mechanical reciprocity relation, mode contributions are ...


Flying Wing Uav For Surveillance And Object Tracking, Kristen Padgett, Scott Semmelink, Jared Lasley, Paul Horne May 2021

Flying Wing Uav For Surveillance And Object Tracking, Kristen Padgett, Scott Semmelink, Jared Lasley, Paul Horne

Senior Design Project For Engineers

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) have become ubiquitous in recent years due to their adaptability and ease of use. Surveillance UAVs in particular have seen increased interest and usage by law enforcement, civilian security, surveying, and federal services. The increased interest has led to the development of UAVs with increased endurance and payload capacity. Further as many of the applications of surveillance drones involve heightened security requirements, an aircraft of domestic make is preferential to many organizations. With this demand in mind, Inspired Products, LLC put forth a request for assistance in the design and testing of a surveillance UAV. More ...


Project Alien, Rebecca Mccallin, Madelyn Hoying, Alex Evans, Matthew Nestler, Karli Rae Sutton, Garett Craig, Lucia Secaia Del Cid, Alexander Guy, Rachel Fernandez, Amanda Trusiak, Paige Aley, Ingabire Gakwerere, Nina Dorfner, Maria Mosbacher, Mary Flavin, Selvin Hernandez, Audrey Steen, Benjamin Kazimer May 2021

Project Alien, Rebecca Mccallin, Madelyn Hoying, Alex Evans, Matthew Nestler, Karli Rae Sutton, Garett Craig, Lucia Secaia Del Cid, Alexander Guy, Rachel Fernandez, Amanda Trusiak, Paige Aley, Ingabire Gakwerere, Nina Dorfner, Maria Mosbacher, Mary Flavin, Selvin Hernandez, Audrey Steen, Benjamin Kazimer

Undergraduate Research and Scholarship Symposium

Project ALIEN is a comprehensive plan to send humans to Mars to look for life on the Martian surface while exploring the viability and adaptability of terrestrial microbes in Martian atmospheric conditions. ALIEN will use a ballistic capture trajectory to get to Mars and stay in aerostationary orbit for a 30-day surface mission, during which two surface crewmembers will perform a variety of experiments to achieve the mission’s goals of Martian microbial discovery within brines of the Gale Crater and terrestrial microbe adaptability and viability to Martian conditions. Experimentation is based on the presumption that Martian microbes are metabolically ...


Effect Of Galvanic Corrosion On Crack Propagation Of Cold Expanded Holes In Aa2024-T3, Ken Shishino May 2021

Effect Of Galvanic Corrosion On Crack Propagation Of Cold Expanded Holes In Aa2024-T3, Ken Shishino

PhD Dissertations and Master's Theses

A search for the balance between weight reduction and durability of a structure has always been a popular topic within the aerospace industry. Among numerous researches to improve a structure’s fatigue life, processes on mechanically fastened joints have been a topic of focus as it is naturally a discontinuity in the material leading to a local stress concentration under loading. Cold expansion is a well-known technique with a wide range of applications in both new and repaired structures. The benefits include the extension of fatigue life and a delay in crack growth without addition of weight. However, localized galvanic ...


Inspection Of Electronics Components For Cryogenic Temperature Operation, Navaneeth Poonthottathil, Frank Krennrich, Amanda Weinstein, Jonathan Eisch, Leonard J. Bond, Dan Barnard, Zhan Zhang, Lucas Koester May 2021

Inspection Of Electronics Components For Cryogenic Temperature Operation, Navaneeth Poonthottathil, Frank Krennrich, Amanda Weinstein, Jonathan Eisch, Leonard J. Bond, Dan Barnard, Zhan Zhang, Lucas Koester

Aerospace Engineering Publications

Electronics operating at cryogenic temperatures play a critical role in future science experiments and space exploration programs. The Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) uses a cold electronics system for data taking. Specifically, it utilizes custom-designed Application Specific Integrated Circuits (ASICs). The main challenge is that these circuits will be immersed in liquid Argon and that they need to function for 20+ years without any access. Ensuring quality is critical, and issues may arise due to thermal stress, packaging, and manufacturing-related defects: if undetected, these could lead to long-term reliability and performance problems. This paper reports an investigation into non-destructive evaluation ...


Air Traffic Controllers’ Occupational Stress And Performance In The Future Air Traffic Management, Hui Wang May 2021

Air Traffic Controllers’ Occupational Stress And Performance In The Future Air Traffic Management, Hui Wang

PhD Dissertations and Master's Theses

As demand for unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) operations increases, it is vital to understand its effects on air traffic controllers and the safety of the national airspace system. This study’s primary purpose is to determine how UAVs that operate in controlled airspace would influence air traffic controllers’ occupational stress and performance. In a within-subject experimental research design, 24 participants sampled from a university’s undergraduate Air Traffic Management (ATM) program completed three different air traffic control (ATC) scenarios on an en route ATC simulation system. The degree of UAV automation and control were varied in each scenario. The participants ...


Computational Investigation Of Perforated Plate Film Cooling Utilizing Conjugate Heat Transfer, Jonathan Sippel May 2021

Computational Investigation Of Perforated Plate Film Cooling Utilizing Conjugate Heat Transfer, Jonathan Sippel

PhD Dissertations and Master's Theses

The accuracy of modern state-of-practice computational fluid dynamics approaches in predicting the cooling effectiveness of a perforated plate film-cooling arrangement is evaluated in ANSYS Fluent. A numerical investigation is performed using the Reynolds Averaged Navier Stokes equations and compared to NASA Glenn’s available Turbulent Heat Flux 4 experimental measurements collected as a part of the Transformational Tools and Technologies Project. A multiphysics approach to model heat conduction through the solid geometry is shown to offer significant improvements in wall temperature and film effectiveness prediction accuracy over the standard adiabatic wall approach. Additionally, localized gradient-based grid adaption is analyzed using ...


Analysis Of Ship Airwakes Using Modal Decomposition, Nicholas Zhu May 2021

Analysis Of Ship Airwakes Using Modal Decomposition, Nicholas Zhu

PhD Dissertations and Master's Theses

The three-dimensional, unsteady, and turbulent airwake produced by a scaled model of a generic Navy ship (Simple Frigate Shape No. 2) was investigated in a low-speed wind tunnel. Stereoscopic, time-resolved particle image velocimetry (TR-PIV) measurements were made at six different crosswise planes over the flight deck region of the ship model, with and without the effect of a simulated atmospheric boundary layer (ABL).

Spatiotemporal analyses of the TR-PIV measurements were performed using modal decomposition, and the modes were decomposed further based on the frequency contents of their time dynamics. This approach allowed an inspection of the individual scales of the ...


Improving The Performance Of An Ead Aircraft By Use Of A Retractable Electrode System, Michael Alexander Fredricks May 2021

Improving The Performance Of An Ead Aircraft By Use Of A Retractable Electrode System, Michael Alexander Fredricks

Mechanical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Electroaerodynamic (EAD) propulsion is a growing area of research for small, low powered aircraft. Recent tests of EAD aircraft have demonstrated low performance in unpowered, gliding flight. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of a retractable electrode system on the flight performance of an EAD aircraft. An analysis of electrode drag contribution on the MIT ionic wind plane’s performance predicts a maximum lift to drag ratio of 22, with the addition of a retractable electrode system, for a similarly sized and modeled EAD aircraft. An experiment is developed using a prototype aircraft, launcher, and retraction ...


Investigation Of Bio-Inspired Pin Geometries For Enhanced Heat Transfer Applications, Anish Prasad May 2021

Investigation Of Bio-Inspired Pin Geometries For Enhanced Heat Transfer Applications, Anish Prasad

PhD Dissertations and Master's Theses

Array of circular cylindrical pins or tubes are one of the most widely used type of convection cooling systems, profoundly used in the internal cooling of gas turbine blades. They promote heat transfer due to flow acceleration, secondary flows and wake shedding, at the expense of large pressure loss and unsteadiness in the flow. The need to reduce pressure loss and maintain the heat transfer rates are a much needed requirement for a variety of industries to improve the cooling efficiency. One such prominent line of research is conducted on optimizing the design of the circular cylindrical pins to increase ...


Design, Construction, And Flight Of A Remote-Controlled Aircraft For The 2020-21 Aiaa Dbf Competition, Jonathan A. Dixon, Caleb Weatherly, Satyam Mistry, Killian Samuels, Ethan Cerrito, Caleb Morgan, Sanghyeok Park, Sam Pankratz, Jamison Murphree May 2021

Design, Construction, And Flight Of A Remote-Controlled Aircraft For The 2020-21 Aiaa Dbf Competition, Jonathan A. Dixon, Caleb Weatherly, Satyam Mistry, Killian Samuels, Ethan Cerrito, Caleb Morgan, Sanghyeok Park, Sam Pankratz, Jamison Murphree

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Sonic Boom Loudness Reduction Through Localized Supersonic Aircraft Equivalent-Area Changes, Troy A. Abraham May 2021

Sonic Boom Loudness Reduction Through Localized Supersonic Aircraft Equivalent-Area Changes, Troy A. Abraham

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The NASA University Leadership Initiative (ULI) titled “Adaptive Aerostructures for Revolutionary Civil Supersonic Transportation” looks to study the feasibility of distributed structural adaptivity on a supersonic aircraft for maintaining acceptable en-route sonic boom loudness during overland flight. The ULI includes a team of industry and university partners that are working together to develop and implement the systems necessary to accomplish this goal.

The Utah State University Aerolab is a member of this ULI team and has been tasked with developing and using low-fidelity supersonic aerodynamic and sonic boom predictions tools to rapidly study the effects of localized geometry changes on ...


Computational Fluid Dynamics Benchmark Validation Experiment Of Plenum-To-Plenum Flow Through Vertical Heated Parallel Channels, Austin W. Parker May 2021

Computational Fluid Dynamics Benchmark Validation Experiment Of Plenum-To-Plenum Flow Through Vertical Heated Parallel Channels, Austin W. Parker

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The next generation of nuclear power plants will have higher efficiency and improved safety, among other benefits; one attractive option is the high temperature gas reactor. An ability to predict the physics that occur within the reactor under normal conditions and accident scenarios is necessary before it receives regulatory licensing for use. The flow through a high temperature gas reactor involves complex interactions of heat transfer, fluids, and solids.

One method for simulating complex fluid dynamics is called Computational Fluid Dynamics. These simulations have already been used to predict the complex fluid flows found in high temperature gas reactors. Predicting ...


Sensitivity And Estimation Of Aerodynamic, Propulsion, And Inertial Parameters For Rudderless Aircraft Using Simulation, Jaden Thurgood May 2021

Sensitivity And Estimation Of Aerodynamic, Propulsion, And Inertial Parameters For Rudderless Aircraft Using Simulation, Jaden Thurgood

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

A technique known as system identification is often used in aircraft design and testing to understand and validate the mathematical parameters that describe the aircrafts stability and handling characteristics. System identification can be thought of as the inverse of simulation. In the world of system identification, we have a physical system that we seek to understand in more detail by monitoring the system with an array of sensors. In short, we conduct tests of an aircraft while recording the inputs and response outputs. Then we take the input and output data and run it through an algorithm that seeks to ...


Analysis On Fuel Options For Scramjet Engines With The Study To Lower The Starting Mach Number, Sumantra Luitel, Gagan Dangi May 2021

Analysis On Fuel Options For Scramjet Engines With The Study To Lower The Starting Mach Number, Sumantra Luitel, Gagan Dangi

Honors Theses

The main objectives of this report were to perform analysis of an ideal scramjet engine, to assess the influence of fuel on endurance factor, and the possibility of lowering the starting Mach Number of the scramjet. In the first part, an ideal cycle parametric analysis was conducted on three different fuels i.e. Liquid Hydrogen (LH2), Jet Propellant 7 (JP-7), and Rocket Propellant (RP-1), taking into account their availability, physical properties, current uses, and potential uses. The detailed analysis is done largely relying on a 9 step Parametric Cycle Analysis technique to study how fuel properties influence the variation of ...


Nitinol Robotic Arm, Brandon Cousino, Connor Sweatt Apr 2021

Nitinol Robotic Arm, Brandon Cousino, Connor Sweatt

Thinking Matters Symposium

The goal of our project is to create a remotely controlled robotic arm using a nickel-titanium alloy (Nitinol) that exhibits “shape memory” tendencies and a 9-lumen tube. The arm must be able to move in all for directions (forward, left, right, backwards) with the control of a joystick and return to an upright position upon halting user input (thus requiring a two-way shape memory ability). The final product must operate without any unwanted twisting of the arm, crosstalk between the different nitinol wires due to heating, and be easily manufacturable. Easy replacement of the arm from the main mechanism is ...


White Paper Report: Needs In Space Education For The 21st Century—Research, Higher Education, Training And Public Policy, Randall Johnson, Joseph Pelton, Henry Hertzfeld, Don Flournoy, Hussein J. Hussein Apr 2021

White Paper Report: Needs In Space Education For The 21st Century—Research, Higher Education, Training And Public Policy, Randall Johnson, Joseph Pelton, Henry Hertzfeld, Don Flournoy, Hussein J. Hussein

Online Journal of Space Communication

May 2, 2003

A Forum Seeking Innovative Answers

  • New Approaches to Higher Education and Training
  • Distance Learning, Tele-education and the Internet
  • Shared Research Facilities and New Approaches to Research
  • Joint University Projects
  • Multidisciplinary Needs and International Perspectives and Languages
  • Space and Security Issues Related to Education
  • How to Attract More Students to Higher Education in the Space Field
  • How to Prepare Incoming Students More Effectively for College
  • Wide Spread Survey on Space Education to Find Concerns and New Solutions


From The Industry: Yasunori Matogawa, Ph.D., Professor Of Space Communications At The Institute Of Space And Astronautical Science, Yasunori Matogawa Apr 2021

From The Industry: Yasunori Matogawa, Ph.D., Professor Of Space Communications At The Institute Of Space And Astronautical Science, Yasunori Matogawa

Online Journal of Space Communication

Dr. Yasunori Matogawa is Professor at the Institute of Space and Astronautical Science directly reporting to the Ministry of Education, Science, Culture, Sports and Technology. He is also in charge of supervising Kagoshima Space Center in Kyushu as Director General. Widely considered to be the man of space education in Japan, Dr. Matogawa is the President for the Japan Society for Aeronautical and Space Sciences. Internationally, he is well-known as the Chairman of the International Astronautical Federation. The interview was conducted at Sophia University, Japan with the assistance of Dr. Tsutomu Kanayama (Email: kanaya-t@hoffman.cc.sophia.ac.jp).


Students Interested In Satellite Communications Can Gain An Edge In The Job Market By Studying Science And Theory, Ben Chang Apr 2021

Students Interested In Satellite Communications Can Gain An Edge In The Job Market By Studying Science And Theory, Ben Chang

Online Journal of Space Communication

The mind has an extraordinary ability to see things that are hoped for, Arthur C. Clarke said in 1973. Years later he noted that it cost about $100, in terms of kilowatt-hours, to go to the moon, "whereas it costs about a billion dollars the way we've done it."

These two quotes from the grandfather of satellite communications and author of 2001: A SPACE ODYSSEY point to one of the primary qualities INTELSAT looks for in filling engineering positions: the ability to apply book knowledge to the practical aspects of satellite communications.


Model Curricula: University Of Texas Medical Branch Apr 2021

Model Curricula: University Of Texas Medical Branch

Online Journal of Space Communication

University of Texas Medical Branch UTMB/NASA Aerospace Medicine Residency


Model Curricula: University Of Oklahoma Apr 2021

Model Curricula: University Of Oklahoma

Online Journal of Space Communication

University of Oklahoma Aerospace Engineering


Model Curricula: Space Foundation Apr 2021

Model Curricula: Space Foundation

Online Journal of Space Communication

The Space Foundation is a national non-profit organization advancing space awareness and space education.

The Space Foundation pursues the mission of vigorously advancing civil, commercial and national security space endeavors for a brighter future and supporting educational excellence through the excitement of space.


Model Curricula: Umea University, Carol Norberg Apr 2021

Model Curricula: Umea University, Carol Norberg

Online Journal of Space Communication

The town of Kiruna, lying 140 kilometres above the Arctic Circle in northernSweden, has for many years been considered the ‘‘space centre’’ of Sweden.The high latitude makes Kiruna an attractive base for international spaceresearch. This paper describes the practical-oriented Space EngineeringProgram run in Kiruna by the University of Umeå. The students on theprogram benefit from the expertise of resident and visiting space scientistsand engineers. The education is the only one of its kind in Sweden.


Model Curricula: Esa Telecom Training Programme Apr 2021

Model Curricula: Esa Telecom Training Programme

Online Journal of Space Communication

This paper describes the content of an e-training course on satellite communications prepared under contract to ESA and now available at the ESA Telecom User Support Office website. The contract to develop this online training was led by EADS Fleximage with significant contributions from a team of subcontractors including EADS Astrium, British Telecom Exact Technologies, ENSAE/ SUP'Aero and ISU. The course is divided into five modules covering the following areas in an animated and progressive way:

  • Systems and Services
  • Communication Link
  • Networking
  • Space Segment
  • Earth Segment


Model Curricula: International Space University Apr 2021

Model Curricula: International Space University

Online Journal of Space Communication

How to educate Space professionals able to meet the needs of the Space community and the challenges of a changing Space sector in a changing world? The International Space University (ISU) was created in 1987 to educate Space leaders using a unique approach. ISU programs are based on a "3-I" International, Interdisciplinary and Intercultural) model which was built from discussions and meetings within the world Space community to meet its evolving needs.


Model Curricula: Ohio University Apr 2021

Model Curricula: Ohio University

Online Journal of Space Communication

Programs of Education Relating to Satellite and Space Communication in:

Telecommunication Communications Systems Management

Electrical Engineering and Computer Science


Model Curricula: Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Apr 2021

Model Curricula: Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Online Journal of Space Communication

Many universities have added courses and curricula related to satellites and space. A search of the Internet reveals that few of these are designated degree programs in space studies degree, rather they are traditional programs offering courses and concentrations which involve study of space and space applications from several perspectives. The Internet search also reveals a large variation in both the titles and the curricula for these programs. The author has sought to standardize definitions, identify workable program names and suggest core courses. Five programs and their core courses are outlined for consideration.


Model Curricula: George Washington University Apr 2021

Model Curricula: George Washington University

Online Journal of Space Communication

There is a growing need for qualified engineers, scientists, technicians, marketing and sales and management personnel in the field of satellite applications and only a few universities that are actually offering undergraduate or graduate degrees in this area.


Database Of Academic Institutions: International Apr 2021

Database Of Academic Institutions: International

Online Journal of Space Communication

Institutions, research centers and professional associations around the world that do research and teach content and skills relating to satellite and space communication.


Database Of Academic Institutions: United States K-12 Apr 2021

Database Of Academic Institutions: United States K-12

Online Journal of Space Communication

Institutions, research centers and professional associations in the United States that do research and teach content and skills relating to satellite and space communication at the K-12 level.