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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

An Analysis Of The Barriers To And Drivers Of Green Public Procurement In Achieving A More Sustainable Construction Industry, Myles Keaveney, Paul Butler Mar 2104

An Analysis Of The Barriers To And Drivers Of Green Public Procurement In Achieving A More Sustainable Construction Industry, Myles Keaveney, Paul Butler

Conference papers

The public sector in Ireland possesses enormous purchasing power which has the strength to affect production and consumption trends in all market sectors. Environmental purchasing tools such as Green Public Procurement (GPP) are seen by many as the solution to greener purchasing decisions in order to obtain and maintain not only a more sustainable construction sector but also a more sustainable economy. The purpose of this research is to determine and examine the key barriers to and drivers of implementing GPP in public procurement departments in order to reduce the effect construction works have on the environment. There was limited ...


Design Of Microwave Lowpass Filters Based On Metamaterial Components, Mushtaq Ahmed Dec 2103

Design Of Microwave Lowpass Filters Based On Metamaterial Components, Mushtaq Ahmed

Mushtaq A. Alqaisy

No abstract provided.


Cmmi High Maturity, Jack Calis Jan 2021

Cmmi High Maturity, Jack Calis

Jack Calis

Software Education Service in Asia, Europe and Africa, CMMI High Maturity based process of software process consultants and training in by CMMI-High Maturity.


In Operando Mechanism Analysis On Nanocrystalline Silicon Anode Material For Reversible And Ultrafast Sodium Storage, Lei Zhang, Xianluo Hu, Chaoji Chen, Haipeng Guo, Xiaoxiao Liu, Gengzhao Xu, Haijian Zhong, Shuang Cheng, Peng Wu, Jiashen Meng, Yunhui Huang, Shi Xue Dou, Hua-Kun Liu Mar 2018

In Operando Mechanism Analysis On Nanocrystalline Silicon Anode Material For Reversible And Ultrafast Sodium Storage, Lei Zhang, Xianluo Hu, Chaoji Chen, Haipeng Guo, Xiaoxiao Liu, Gengzhao Xu, Haijian Zhong, Shuang Cheng, Peng Wu, Jiashen Meng, Yunhui Huang, Shi Xue Dou, Hua-Kun Liu

Australian Institute for Innovative Materials - Papers

Presently, lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) are the most promising commercialized electrochemical energy storage systems. Unfortunately, the limited resource of Li results in increasing cost for its scalable application and a general consciousness of the need to find new type of energy storage technologies. Very recently, substantial effort has been invested to sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) due to their effectively unlimited nature of sodium resources. Furthermore, the potential of Li/Li+ is 0.3 V lower than that of Na/Na+, which makes it more effective to limit the electrolyte degradation on the outer surface of the electrode.[1] Nevertheless, one major obstacle ...


Studies On Stable Crack Growth, Mohammed Juma Humaid Al-Ghafri Dec 2017

Studies On Stable Crack Growth, Mohammed Juma Humaid Al-Ghafri

Theses

The goal of this work is to experimentally investigate the stable crack growth (SCG) fracture behavior of AISI 4340 alloy steel. A series of mode I and mixed mode SCG fracture tests were carried out on 8 mm thick compact tension (CT) specimens subjected to quasistatic loading. The wire cutting technique was used to introduce a pre-notch/ pre-crack of 0.05 mm root radius to the specimen. Five different loading angles Ψ between the loading axis and the crack surface were employed; 90° (mode I), 75°, 65°, 60° and 50°. Five different ratios of original crack length to specimen width ...


Fast On-Line Kernel Density Estimation For Active Object Localization, Anthony D. Rhodes, Max H. Quinn, Melanie Mitchell Nov 2017

Fast On-Line Kernel Density Estimation For Active Object Localization, Anthony D. Rhodes, Max H. Quinn, Melanie Mitchell

Computer Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

A major goal of computer vision is to enable computers to interpret visual situations—abstract concepts (e.g., “a person walking a dog,” “a crowd waiting for a bus,” “a picnic”) whose image instantiations are linked more by their common spatial and semantic structure than by low-level visual similarity. In this paper, we propose a novel method for prior learning and active object localization for this kind of knowledge-driven search in static images. In our system, prior situation knowledge is captured by a set of flexible, kernel-based density estimations— a situation model—that represent the expected spatial structure of the ...


Innovation Of Driving Gear Train System For Developer Unit Of Lexmark Home Printers, Jay A. Crist, Sarah Gore, Kun Xie, Michael Mixoon Aug 2017

Innovation Of Driving Gear Train System For Developer Unit Of Lexmark Home Printers, Jay A. Crist, Sarah Gore, Kun Xie, Michael Mixoon

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


A Fuzzy Ahp Approach To Compare Transit System Performance In Us Urbanized Areas, Xin Li, Yingling Fan, John W. Shaw, Yunlei Qi Jun 2017

A Fuzzy Ahp Approach To Compare Transit System Performance In Us Urbanized Areas, Xin Li, Yingling Fan, John W. Shaw, Yunlei Qi

Journal of Public Transportation

Public transit systems in the United States often face multiple policy objectives. Typically, stakeholders desire frequent service on an extensive network, but funding and other resources are constrained, creating complicated relationships between service effectiveness goals and business efficiency goals. Using data from the National Transit Map (NTM), this study evaluated the general performance of transit systems across 294 Urbanized Areas (UZAs) in the US, which were stratified into six peer groups based on population. Transit efficiency and effectiveness were compared by developing a composite business efficiency index score and a composite service effectiveness index score for each urbanized area. The ...


Agen Bola Terpercaya Warung757.Net, Defaonline Blog May 2017

Agen Bola Terpercaya Warung757.Net, Defaonline Blog

defaonline blog

Agen Bola Terpercaya Warung757.net- Sebuah impian untuk menggapai cinta dari pertaruhan Bola Terpercaya Warung757.net yang mana situs ini memang benar-benar situs Judi Bola Online yang patut untuk di jadikan naungan dalam bertaruh judi bola online, Anda akan mendapatkan antusias yang luar biasa dari sekian banyak member yang sudah bergabung dengannya, Itu berarti anda akan menjadi tawanan pertaruhan bola dalam situs judi online terpercaya ini, Mengingat anda adalah spesialis pecinta judi bola dalam beberapa event persepakbolaan di dunia.
Hadir lagi sebuah event 5 tahunan yaitu Piala Euro 2016 yang akan di gelar di perancis nantinya, Ini akan membuat ramai ...


A Deterministic Model Of The Effect Of Electric Field On Chemotherapeutics Delivery Into A Tumor, Maryam Moarefian, Luke Achenie May 2017

A Deterministic Model Of The Effect Of Electric Field On Chemotherapeutics Delivery Into A Tumor, Maryam Moarefian, Luke Achenie

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Perception Of 3d Symmetrical And Near-Symmetrical Shapes, Vijai Jayadevan, Aaron Michaux, Edward Delp, Zygmunt Pizlo May 2017

Perception Of 3d Symmetrical And Near-Symmetrical Shapes, Vijai Jayadevan, Aaron Michaux, Edward Delp, Zygmunt Pizlo

MODVIS Workshop

No abstract provided.


Uncertainty Quantification Of Turbulence Model Closure Coefficients In Openfoam And Fluent For Mildly Separated Flows, Ike Witte May 2017

Uncertainty Quantification Of Turbulence Model Closure Coefficients In Openfoam And Fluent For Mildly Separated Flows, Ike Witte

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

In this thesis, detailed uncertainty quantification studies focusing on the closure coefficients of eddy-viscosity turbulence models for several flows using two CFD solvers have been performed. Three eddy viscosity turbulence models considered are: the one-equation Spalart-Allmaras (SA) model, the two-equation Shear Stress Transport (SST) k-ω model, and the one-equation Wray-Agarwal (WA) model. OpenFOAM and ANSYS Fluent are used as flow solvers. Uncertainty quantification analyses are performed for subsonic flow over a flat plate, subsonic flow over a backward-facing step, and transonic flow past an axisymmetric bump. In the case of flat plate, coefficients of pressure, lift, drag, and skin friction ...


Design And Computational Fluid Dynamics Analysis Of An Idealized Modern Wingsuit, Maria E. Ferguson May 2017

Design And Computational Fluid Dynamics Analysis Of An Idealized Modern Wingsuit, Maria E. Ferguson

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

The aerodynamics of a modern wingsuit has been the subject of very few detailed scientific studies to date. The prevailing design process remains the dangerous “sew and fly” method, in which designs are tested when they are first flown. This study utilizes Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) tools to analyze the flow field and aerodynamics of an idealized wingsuit, which is designed using Computer-Aided Design (CAD) modeling. The 3D CAD software Autodesk Inventor is used to create the wingsuit model, which is designed with a Gottingen 228 airfoil cross-section and a relatively large planform of aspect ratio 1.3. The commercial ...


The Impact Of The Mitochondrial Metabolism Of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells Upon Differentiation, Stefanie T. Shahan May 2017

The Impact Of The Mitochondrial Metabolism Of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells Upon Differentiation, Stefanie T. Shahan

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) can be differentiated into any cell type found in the body. The derivation of a stem cell derived β cell (SC-β) capable of responding to glucose by secreting insulin was hugely significant for diabetes research and opened up the possibility of cell replacement therapy to combat this widespread disease (Pagliuca et al. 2014). The optimization of differentiation procedures such as this could improve yield, function, cost, and efficiency of a stem cell-derived product. Current approaches to improve differentiation are primarily focused on signal transduction pathways, while the metabolic state of the cells has received little ...


Real Time Learning Level Assessment Using Eye Tracking, Saurin S. Parikh, Hari Kalva May 2017

Real Time Learning Level Assessment Using Eye Tracking, Saurin S. Parikh, Hari Kalva

MODVIS Workshop

E-Learning is emerging as a convenient and effective learning tool. However, the challenge with eLearning is the lack of effective tools to assess levels of learning. Ability to predict difficult content in real time enables eLearning systems to dynamically provide supplementary content to meet learners’ needs. Recent developments have made possible low-cost eye trackers, which enables a new class of applications based on eye response. In comparison to past attempts using bio-metrics in learning assessments, with eye tracking, we can have access to the exact stimulus that is causing the response. A key aspect of the proposed approach is the ...


Modeling Accommodation Control Of The Human Eye: Chromatic Aberration And Color Opponency, Agostino Gibaldi, Steven A. Cholewiak, Marty S. Banks May 2017

Modeling Accommodation Control Of The Human Eye: Chromatic Aberration And Color Opponency, Agostino Gibaldi, Steven A. Cholewiak, Marty S. Banks

MODVIS Workshop

Accommodation is the process by which the eye lens changes optical power to maintain a clear retinal image as the distance to the fixated object varies. Although luminance blur has long been considered the driving feature for accommodation, it is by definition unsigned (i.e., there is no difference between the defocus of an object closer or farther than the focus distance). Nonetheless, the visual system initially accommodates in the correct direction, implying that it exploits a cue with sign information. Here, we present a model of accommodation control based on such a cue: Longitudinal Chromatic Aberration (LCA). The model ...


Color Algebras, Jeffrey B. Mulligan May 2017

Color Algebras, Jeffrey B. Mulligan

MODVIS Workshop

No abstract provided.


Heuristics From Statistics—Modeling The Behavior And Perception Of Non-Rigid Materials, Vivian C. Paulun, Roland W. Fleming May 2017

Heuristics From Statistics—Modeling The Behavior And Perception Of Non-Rigid Materials, Vivian C. Paulun, Roland W. Fleming

MODVIS Workshop

No abstract provided.


Modelling Grip Point Selection In Human Precision Grip, Guido Maiello, Lina Klein, Vivian C. Paulun, Roland W. Fleming May 2017

Modelling Grip Point Selection In Human Precision Grip, Guido Maiello, Lina Klein, Vivian C. Paulun, Roland W. Fleming

MODVIS Workshop

No abstract provided.


Application Of Strand-Cartesian Interfaced Solver On Flows Around Various Geometries, Yushi Yanagita May 2017

Application Of Strand-Cartesian Interfaced Solver On Flows Around Various Geometries, Yushi Yanagita

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

This work examines the application of a high-order numerical method to strand-based grids to solve the Navier-Stokes equations. Coined "Flux Correction", this method eliminates error terms in the fluxes of traditional second-order finite volume Galerkin methods. Flux Correction is first examined for applications to the Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes equations to compute turbulent flows on a strictly strand-based domain. Flow over three geometries are examined to demonstrate the method’s capabilities: a three-dimensional bump, an infinite wing, and a hemisphere-cylinder configuration. Comparison to results obtained from established codes show that the turbulent Flux Correction scheme accurately predicts flow properties such as pressure ...


Impact Of Using Spatially Distributed Soils Information On Flood Hydrograph Simulation With Hec-Hms, Matthew J. Nelson May 2017

Impact Of Using Spatially Distributed Soils Information On Flood Hydrograph Simulation With Hec-Hms, Matthew J. Nelson

Civil Engineering Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Hydrologic rainfall-runoff models employ numerical equations to simulate the soil absorption of rainfall and resulting runoff. A number of methods have been developed to model these processes, but the parameters used to define these methods can be difficult to directly measure due to the variable nature of soil properties. They often rely on estimation of hydraulic and hydrologic parameters and calibration to produce accurate results.

A challenge with runoff method parameterization is the need for oversimplification using a lumped modeling approach. While distributed hydrologic modeling techniques are now available, distributed runoff methods are limited in use due to the tradition ...


Extensible Energy Planning Framework For Preemptive Tasks, Jin Hyun Kim, Deepak Gangadharan, Oleg Sokolsky, Axel Legay, Insup Lee May 2017

Extensible Energy Planning Framework For Preemptive Tasks, Jin Hyun Kim, Deepak Gangadharan, Oleg Sokolsky, Axel Legay, Insup Lee

Departmental Papers (CIS)

Cyber-physical systems (CSPs) are demanding energy-efficient design not only of hardware (HW), but also of software (SW). Dynamic Voltage and and Frequency Scaling (DVFS) and Dynamic Power Manage (DPM) are most popular techniques to improve the energy efficiency. However, contemporary complicated HW and SW designs requires more elaborate and sophisticated energy management and efficiency evaluation techniques. This paper is concerned about energy supply planning for real-time scheduling systems (units) of which tasks need to meet deadlines. This paper presents a modelbased compositional energy planning technique that computes a minimal ratio of processor frequency that preserves schedulability of independent and preemptive ...


Creating A Zero + Energy Building Model, Ashley N. Thompson May 2017

Creating A Zero + Energy Building Model, Ashley N. Thompson

Honors Theses

The goal of this project was to create an accurate representation of a zero + energy home both for physical experimentation and for numerical modeling. This means that the home does not rely on power from the grid, but only on alternative energy sources such as solar. The project consists of two major subcategories. The electrical portion of the project consists of implementing the energy source and control system, and the mechanical portion of the project consists of thermal analysis, thermal flow simulations, and physical construction. A 50 W solar panel was chosen as an energy source, which directs power to ...


Robust Drought Planning In Megacities: A Case Study In São Paulo, Brazil, Grace Cambareri May 2017

Robust Drought Planning In Megacities: A Case Study In São Paulo, Brazil, Grace Cambareri

Environmental & Water Resources Engineering Masters Projects

The megacity of São Paulo, Brazil recently faced a severe three-year drought (2013- 2015) that highlighted the challenges of growing water demands, unpredictability of future supply, and proper communication with the public during crisis. Given the poor outcomes of the recent drought, the question remains as to how the drought can be used to inform and improve future drought preparedness. This study develops a seven-step framework using simulation and a computational search to identify promising drought plans based on the historic record. These promising plans are then tested under alternative states of the world to explore their robustness and identify ...


Pilot Reactor Operation Of The Oxygenic Photogranule (Opg) Wastewater Treatment Process, Adam Matthew Mcnair May 2017

Pilot Reactor Operation Of The Oxygenic Photogranule (Opg) Wastewater Treatment Process, Adam Matthew Mcnair

Environmental & Water Resources Engineering Masters Projects

Treating wastewater is imperative for maintaining public health and sanitation as well as the natural environment. In the United States and developed countries around the globe, the activated sludge (AS) process has been paramount in effectively treating wastewater for over a century. However, high energy consumption due to required mechanical aeration of AS limits its potential as a sustainable process. The oxygenic photogranule (OPG) wastewater treatment process utilizes the photosynthetic ability of OPGs made possible by the symbiosis between heterotrophic AS and filamentous cyanobacteria and algae in dense, spherical biogranules. This research presents pilot operation of the OPG wastewater treatment ...


The Development Of A Vacuum Forming System For Kydex® And Other Thermoplastic Sheet, Andrew G. Smith May 2017

The Development Of A Vacuum Forming System For Kydex® And Other Thermoplastic Sheet, Andrew G. Smith

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Vacuum forming is a popular, cost effective method amongst large and small scale applications. The method is used to mold a material to the surface of a mold/pattern in order to create a negative copy for reproduction or an object in positive form. The prototype vacuum forming system developed and documented herein is of a membrane-seal type that consists of three (3) principle parts: radial platen, Hinged Frame and Platen Support Assembly, and a PVC surge tank. Each part is described in detail through design, manufacturing, and testing processes. The design supports functional versatility, small scale molding, and uses ...


Target Detection With Neural Network Hardware, Hollis Bui, Garrett Massman, Nikolas Spangler, Jalen Tarvin, Luke Bechtel, Kevin Dunn, Shawn Bradford May 2017

Target Detection With Neural Network Hardware, Hollis Bui, Garrett Massman, Nikolas Spangler, Jalen Tarvin, Luke Bechtel, Kevin Dunn, Shawn Bradford

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Detection Of Plant Emergence Based On Spatio Temporal Image Sequence Analysis, Bhushit Agarwal May 2017

Detection Of Plant Emergence Based On Spatio Temporal Image Sequence Analysis, Bhushit Agarwal

Computer Science and Engineering: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

The phenome of a plant is the sum of all observable phenotypes for that plant. Phenotypes are observable characteristics or traits of a plant. These traits generally reflect a combination of influences from the genotype of the plant and the environment in which the plant has grown and developed. Collecting phenotypic data has traditionally been a slow and costly manual process, albeit one highly necessary for plant breeding and the development of improved agronomic practices. As a result automated methods for plant phenotyping analysis have become an active research field in recent years. Image-based plant phenotyping analysis facilitates extraction of ...


Determining Natural Frequencies Using Embedded And Placed Sensors Under Ambient And Shaker Excitation, Tyson Scott Alder May 2017

Determining Natural Frequencies Using Embedded And Placed Sensors Under Ambient And Shaker Excitation, Tyson Scott Alder

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Dynamic monitoring of structures is a method of detecting changes and damage to the structure. Vibration based monitoring has been used to detect damage in rotating machinery and is gaining popularity in the field of Structural Health Monitoring (SHM). Monitoring involves detecting changes in natural frequencies and changes in mode shapes. These changes reflect changes to properties of the bridge which can indicate damage.

The Nibley Bridge is a single span bridge comprised of ten deck bulb girders. The bridge spans 25.91m (85 ft.) and includes two lanes, sidewalks on both sides, and a small median. The Nibley Bridge ...


Characterization Of Murine Breast Cancer Cell Lines For Anti-Cancer Vaccine, Haven N. Frazier May 2017

Characterization Of Murine Breast Cancer Cell Lines For Anti-Cancer Vaccine, Haven N. Frazier

Biological Sciences Undergraduate Honors Theses

Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women and the second leading cause of cancer death among women in the United States (1). While treatments involving radiation and chemotherapy currently exist, disease must be detected early in order for the treatments to be somewhat effective, and there is no effective treatment after metastasis occurs (2). Additionally, current therapies do not mitigate tumor immunosuppression. Decreasing the tumor-associated immunosuppressive conditions while activating antitumor immunity could prevent recurrence and metastasis, possibly leading to an effective treatment for cancer (3). Tumor cell vaccines could possibly address this issue and have become a ...