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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Series Solution Of The Autocatalytic Hydrolysis Of Cellulose, Rou-Xi Chen, Zhi Liu, Ji-Huan He Dec 2104

Series Solution Of The Autocatalytic Hydrolysis Of Cellulose, Rou-Xi Chen, Zhi Liu, Ji-Huan He

Ji-Huan He

The chemical degradation kinetics of
cellulose is of scientific interest, as well as its practical
importance in many industrial activities for optimal
design. Much work has been done recently to understand
the depolymerizaton of cellulose in homogeneous
acidic medium on the assumption of
autocatalytic hydrolysis with a positive feedback of
acid production from the degraded biopolymer. Series
solutions are obtained for concentrations of cellulose
chains and degraded cellulose chains by Taylor series
and variational iteration method. Depolymerization of
cellulose strongly depends upon the initial conditions,
and the concentration of cellulose chains changes
exponentially with a linear and square/cubic time ...


An Analysis Of The Barriers To And Drivers Of Green Public Procurement In Achieving A More Sustainable Construction Industry, Myles Keaveney, Paul Butler Mar 2104

An Analysis Of The Barriers To And Drivers Of Green Public Procurement In Achieving A More Sustainable Construction Industry, Myles Keaveney, Paul Butler

Conference papers

The public sector in Ireland possesses enormous purchasing power which has the strength to affect production and consumption trends in all market sectors. Environmental purchasing tools such as Green Public Procurement (GPP) are seen by many as the solution to greener purchasing decisions in order to obtain and maintain not only a more sustainable construction sector but also a more sustainable economy. The purpose of this research is to determine and examine the key barriers to and drivers of implementing GPP in public procurement departments in order to reduce the effect construction works have on the environment. There was limited ...


Analysis Of Nonequilibrium Hcp Precipitate Growth In Fcc Matrices: Application To Al–Ag, Daniel Finkenstadt, Duane Johnson Nov 2029

Analysis Of Nonequilibrium Hcp Precipitate Growth In Fcc Matrices: Application To Al–Ag, Daniel Finkenstadt, Duane Johnson

Duane D. Johnson

Hexagonal-close-packed (hcp) γ-precipitates with large aspect ratios form rapidly in some face-centered cubic (fcc) solid-solutions. No model explains the observed time-dependent increase in aspect ratio, nor irregular intermediate growth shapes. We propose a nonequilibrium process involving trapezoidal offshoots (controlled only by energetics) that governs the growth behavior (kinetics) and yields nonequilibrium structures in agreement with observation. Then, combining nucleation theory and diffusion-limited growth both of secondary nuclei and ledges, we derive a general growth equation for γ-precipitates due to solute-segregation to precipitate–matrix interfaces that includes our modification of the Jones–Trivedi model for thickening to account for the slow ...


Cmmi High Maturity, Jack Calis Jan 2021

Cmmi High Maturity, Jack Calis

Jack Calis

Software Education Service in Asia, Europe and Africa, CMMI High Maturity based process of software process consultants and training in by CMMI-High Maturity.


Innovation Of Driving Gear Train System For Developer Unit Of Lexmark Home Printers, Jay A. Crist, Sarah Gore, Kun Xie, Michael Mixoon Aug 2017

Innovation Of Driving Gear Train System For Developer Unit Of Lexmark Home Printers, Jay A. Crist, Sarah Gore, Kun Xie, Michael Mixoon

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Agen Bola Terpercaya Warung757.Net, Defaonline Blog May 2017

Agen Bola Terpercaya Warung757.Net, Defaonline Blog

defaonline blog

Agen Bola Terpercaya Warung757.net- Sebuah impian untuk menggapai cinta dari pertaruhan Bola Terpercaya Warung757.net yang mana situs ini memang benar-benar situs Judi Bola Online yang patut untuk di jadikan naungan dalam bertaruh judi bola online, Anda akan mendapatkan antusias yang luar biasa dari sekian banyak member yang sudah bergabung dengannya, Itu berarti anda akan menjadi tawanan pertaruhan bola dalam situs judi online terpercaya ini, Mengingat anda adalah spesialis pecinta judi bola dalam beberapa event persepakbolaan di dunia.
Hadir lagi sebuah event 5 tahunan yaitu Piala Euro 2016 yang akan di gelar di perancis nantinya, Ini akan membuat ramai ...


Compact Dual-Band Bandpass Filter Based On Fractal Stub-Loaded Resonator, Hadi T. Ziboon, Jawad K. Ali May 2017

Compact Dual-Band Bandpass Filter Based On Fractal Stub-Loaded Resonator, Hadi T. Ziboon, Jawad K. Ali

Professor Jawad K. Ali

Fractal geometries have shown to be a suitable choice for the antenna and microwave circuit designers to produce compact size microwave devices and components. Moreover, the multimode resonators are found advantageous in the design of reduced size multiband bandpass filters. In this paper, a stub loaded resonator (SLR) based on modified Minkowski fractal geometry, is suggested to produce a compact microstrip bandpass filter with dual-band response for wireless communication applications. Based on the second iteration Minkowski fractal geometry, dual-band compact microstrip BPF has been presented. The proposed filter structure is composed of two fractal based symmetrical SLRs. The filter structure ...


Compact Dual-Mode Microstrip Band Reject Filter Based On Koch Fractal Geometry, Hayder S. Ahmed, Ali J. Salim, Jawad K. Ali May 2017

Compact Dual-Mode Microstrip Band Reject Filter Based On Koch Fractal Geometry, Hayder S. Ahmed, Ali J. Salim, Jawad K. Ali

Professor Jawad K. Ali

In this paper, a new fractal-based microstrip dual-mode band stop filter (BSF) has been
presented. The proposed filter structure is mainly based on that of the triangular patch resonators
with an embedded slit structure. The Koch fractal geometry has been applied to the uncoupled side
lengths of the triangular patch resonator. The filter structure has been modeled, and its performance
is evaluated using the commercially available EM simulator, Sonnet. Results reveal that the
resulting dual-mode response depends heavily on the uncoupled side lengths of the triangular patch
resonator. A parametric study has been conducted to explore the effect of the ...


A Compact Dual-Band Slot Antenna Based On Koch Fractal Snowflake Annular Ring, Mahmood T. Yassen, Mohammed R. Hussan, Hussain A. Hammas, Hussam Al-Saedi, Jawad K. Ali May 2017

A Compact Dual-Band Slot Antenna Based On Koch Fractal Snowflake Annular Ring, Mahmood T. Yassen, Mohammed R. Hussan, Hussain A. Hammas, Hussam Al-Saedi, Jawad K. Ali

Professor Jawad K. Ali

This paper presents the design of a compact dual-band slot antenna for use in the
recently available wireless communication applications. The slot structure of the proposed antenna
is based on an annular slot-ring with Koch snowflake fractal geometry of the third iteration. The
antenna slot structure has been etched on the ground plane of a substrate with relative permittivity
of 4.5 and 1.524 mm thickness. On the other side of the substrate, a 50-Ohm microstrip line has
been etched as the antenna feed structure. The proposed antenna has a compact size of (40 × 40 ×
1.524) mm3. Simulation ...


Effect Of Chain Rigidity On Network Architecture And Deformation Behavior Of Glassy Polymer Networks, Kyler Reser Knowles May 2017

Effect Of Chain Rigidity On Network Architecture And Deformation Behavior Of Glassy Polymer Networks, Kyler Reser Knowles

Dissertations

Processing carbon fiber composite laminates creates molecular-level strains in the thermoset matrix upon curing and cooling which can lead to failures such as geometry deformations, micro-cracking, and other issues. It is known strain creation is attributed to the significant volume and physical state changes undergone by the polymer matrix throughout the curing process, though storage and relaxation of cure-induced strains remain poorly understood. This dissertation establishes two approaches to address the issue. The first establishes testing methods to simultaneously measure key volumetric properties of a carbon fiber composite laminate and its polymer matrix. The second approach considers the rigidity of ...


Propagating Degrees Of Truth On An Argumentation Framework: An Abstract Account Of Fuzzy Argumentation, Pierpaolo Dondio Apr 2017

Propagating Degrees Of Truth On An Argumentation Framework: An Abstract Account Of Fuzzy Argumentation, Pierpaolo Dondio

Conference papers

This paper proposes a computational framework to reason with conflicting and gradual evidence. The framework is a synthesis of Dung’s seminal work in argumentation semantics with multi-valued logic. Abstract grounded semantics is used to identify the conditions under which a conclusion can be accepted, while multi-valued logic operators are used to quantify the degree of truth of such conditions. We propose a truth-compositional recursive computation based on the notion of irrelevant arguments, and we discuss examples using the major multi-valued logics: Godel’s, Zadeh’s and Łukasiewicz's logic.


Prestress Losses And Temperature Effects On A Deck Bulb Tee Girder Bridge, Phillip Powelson Apr 2017

Prestress Losses And Temperature Effects On A Deck Bulb Tee Girder Bridge, Phillip Powelson

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Utah Transportation Center (UTC), in partnership with the Mountain Plains Consortium (MPC), sponsored a study to investigate the differences in prestress losses and temperature gradients in a concrete deck bulb tee girder bridge. The Millville Bridge was built as an access point to the Ridgeline High School in Millville, Utah. The bridge was built in 2016 and presently supports two lanes of traffic.

Changes in prestress were measured with a total of 16 vibrating wire strain gauges located at four cross-sections. Temperature gradients were measured with a total of 50 thermocouples located at five cross-section locations, four of which ...


Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Tracking System With Out-Of-Sequence Measurement In A Discrete Time-Delayed Extended Kalman Filter, Roque Lora Apr 2017

Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Tracking System With Out-Of-Sequence Measurement In A Discrete Time-Delayed Extended Kalman Filter, Roque Lora

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The goal of this thesis is to extend the delayed Kalman filter so it can be used with non-linear systems and that it can handle randomized delays on the measurements. In the particular case of this study, the filter is used to estimates the states of an unmanned aerial system. The outputs of the filter are used to point an antenna and a camera towards a UAS. Different scenarios are simulated for the purpose of comparing the efficiency of this technique in various situations.


Statistical Models Of I-15 Bridge C-846: Changes In Natural Frequencies Due To Temperature, Gilbert Nichols Apr 2017

Statistical Models Of I-15 Bridge C-846: Changes In Natural Frequencies Due To Temperature, Gilbert Nichols

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Structural Health monitoring is to determine the condition of a bridge based on instrument measurements. The C-846 Bridge in Salt Lake City has such instrumentation. The bridge is located in Salt Lake City at about 2100 South and Interstate 15. This bridge has two kinds of instruments on it: accelerometers and thermocouples. The accelerometers measure the vibrations of the bridge. The accelerometers have been recording data on the bridge since 2001. The thermocouples, which measure temperature, were added as part of this thesis in April 2016.

In light of recent research, damage may be detected from measuring the change in ...


Uncertainty Of Stereo Piv Calibration And Self-Calibration, Braydon J. Williams Apr 2017

Uncertainty Of Stereo Piv Calibration And Self-Calibration, Braydon J. Williams

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Particle image velocimetry (PIV) is a widely used fluid measurement technique. Three dimensional PIV data or stereo PIV is acquired using two cameras. Stereo cameras are calibrated from camera coordinates, pixels, to real world units such as millimeters using calibration models. Stereo calibration is fundamental to the accuracy of a PIV measurement. In this thesis, the accuracy of the stereo calibration is assessed. The mean error of stereo calibration was found to be 0.23%.


Optimization Of Roadway Electrification Integrating Wireless Power Transfer: Technoeconomic Assessment And Lifecycle Analysis, Braden J. Limb Apr 2017

Optimization Of Roadway Electrification Integrating Wireless Power Transfer: Technoeconomic Assessment And Lifecycle Analysis, Braden J. Limb

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Electric vehicles are the main technology currently being pursued to reduce dependence on fossil fuels in the transportation sector. These vehicles provide both reduced greenhouse gas emissions and decreased operating costs when compared to conventional internal combustion vehicles, while providing the flexibility to use both renewable and fossil energy. However, these vehicles have seen limited consumer adoption due to their large purchase prices and limited driving range. Both purchase price and driving range are related to the large onboard battery systems required for electric vehicle travel.

One solution to decrease dependence on large battery systems has focused on charging vehicles ...


Integrated Life Cycle And Techno-Economic Assessment Of The Conversion Of High Productivity, Low Lipid Algae To Renewable Fuels, Chad R. De Mill Apr 2017

Integrated Life Cycle And Techno-Economic Assessment Of The Conversion Of High Productivity, Low Lipid Algae To Renewable Fuels, Chad R. De Mill

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The production of alternative transportation fuels is imperative to meet future energy demands without contributing to global climate change. Advances in alternative processing techniques that have emerged due to interest in microalgae as a feedstock have led to a variety of potential processing pathways for the production of bio-based fuels. A major hurdle in the algal production process is maintaining a fast and stable algae culture. Monocultures, developed for their high lipid content, suffer from low productivity, are susceptible to crashes and require a constant supply of carbon dioxide to maintain productivity. In an effort to circumvent these obstacles, algal ...


Automatic Verification Of Finite Precision Implementations Of Linear Controllers, Junkil Park, Miroslav Pajic, Oleg Sokolsky, Insup Lee Apr 2017

Automatic Verification Of Finite Precision Implementations Of Linear Controllers, Junkil Park, Miroslav Pajic, Oleg Sokolsky, Insup Lee

Departmental Papers (CIS)

We consider the problem of verifying finite precision implementation of linear time-invariant controllers against mathematical specifications. A specification may have multiple correct implementations which are different from each other in controller state representation, but equivalent from a perspective of input-output behavior (e.g., due to optimization in a code generator). The implementations may use finite precision computations (e.g. floating-point arithmetic) which cause quantization (i.e., roundoff) errors. To address these challenges, we first extract a controller's mathematical model from the implementation via symbolic execution and floating-point error analysis, and then check approximate input-output equivalence between the extracted model ...


Validation Of Postural Sway Measurements Using Wii Balance Board, Zachary Meade Mar 2017

Validation Of Postural Sway Measurements Using Wii Balance Board, Zachary Meade

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Standing balance measurements, such as postural sway, are vital for determining functional ability, risk of falling and recovery of injuries. Often the need to collect data outside of the typical clinical or research setting arises. However, obtaining these measurements outside of a laboratory setting can be very difficult, as the mobility of a laboratory-grade force plate (FP) is minimal, and its cost can be upwards of $20,000. The purpose of this study is to create a cheaper alternative by validating the Wii Balance Board’s (WBB; Nintendo, Redmond, Washington, USA) ability to measure postural sway patterns. The WBB can ...


A New Market Segmentation Approach: Evidence From Two Canadian Cities, Dea Van Lierop, Ahmed El-Geneidy Mar 2017

A New Market Segmentation Approach: Evidence From Two Canadian Cities, Dea Van Lierop, Ahmed El-Geneidy

Journal of Public Transportation

Traditionally, transit market research has categorized passengers into two distinct groups: captive riders and choice riders. Market analyses that depend on such broad categories are likely to overlook important details about the needs and desires of their customer base. This study attempts to better understand the complexities of the different groups who take transit by using information from five years of customer satisfaction questionnaires collected by two Canadian transit providers. Employing a series of clustering techniques, the analysis reveals that nine market segments are present across different modes in both transit agencies. Three different overarching groups of transit users are ...


Identifying Key Factors Of Rail Transit Service Quality: An Empirical Analysis For Istanbul, Erkan Isikli, Nezir Aydin, Erkan Celik, Alev Taskin Gumus Mar 2017

Identifying Key Factors Of Rail Transit Service Quality: An Empirical Analysis For Istanbul, Erkan Isikli, Nezir Aydin, Erkan Celik, Alev Taskin Gumus

Journal of Public Transportation

Providing a high quality of service in public transportation is essential to reduce dissatisfactions stemming from traffic congestion and noise. Public transport providers need to find ways to dilute the effects of immoderate use of private cars in big cities while maintaining a sufficient level of customer satisfaction. This study aimed to identify the key service quality (SQ) factors that drive passenger satisfaction in Istanbul’s rail transit (RT) system using data obtained from an extensive survey conducted by the Istanbul Public Transportation Co. A total of 11,116 passengers who used rail transport from May 15–June 3, 2012 ...


Impact Of Different Bus Stop Designs On Bus Operating Time Components, Xiaodong Liu, Yao Yang, Meng Meng, Andreas Rau Mar 2017

Impact Of Different Bus Stop Designs On Bus Operating Time Components, Xiaodong Liu, Yao Yang, Meng Meng, Andreas Rau

Journal of Public Transportation

The design of bus stops significantly affects bus operation. The delay time caused by inappropriate bus stop design adversely influences the efficiency of the system. This paper aims to examine the influence of bus stops on bus operating time components through statistical analysis, using Singapore as a case study. Two common types of bus stops, bus bay and curb-side stop, were investigated during the field survey to obtain actual data of bus operation at stops. Sixteen stops were chosen in pairs to compare the differences in operating time at bus stops. Bus operating times, including acceleration time, dwell time, deceleration ...


A Framework For Measuring The Spatial Equity In The Distribution Of Public Transportation Benefits, Seyyed Amir Hosein Mortazavi, Meisam Akbarzadeh Mar 2017

A Framework For Measuring The Spatial Equity In The Distribution Of Public Transportation Benefits, Seyyed Amir Hosein Mortazavi, Meisam Akbarzadeh

Journal of Public Transportation

This paper proposes that an equitable transit system requires that the geographical distribution of transit service benefits conform to the geographical distribution of the citizens with the greatest need for public transportation. This is the essence of vertical equity. This study calculated “connectivity power,” which reflects public transit service quality in each traffic analysis zone (TAZ) in a city to indicate the amount of benefit that TAZ is receiving from the transit system. The number of carless citizens in each TAZ was also calculated as an index of need to the public transit services in that area. Conformity of need ...


Automatic Generation Of Web Applications And Management System, Yu Zhou Mar 2017

Automatic Generation Of Web Applications And Management System, Yu Zhou

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

One of the major difficulties in web application design is the tediousness of constructing new web pages from scratch. For traditional web application projects, the web application designers usually design and implement web application projects step by step, in detail. My project is called “automatic generation of web applications and management system.” This web application generator can generate the generic and customized web applications based on software engineering theories. The flow driven methodology will be used to drive the project by Business Process Model Notation (BPMN). Modules of the project are: database, web server, HTML page, functionality, financial analysis model ...


Android Mobile Application For Hospital Executives, Vihitha Nalagatla Mar 2017

Android Mobile Application For Hospital Executives, Vihitha Nalagatla

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Hospitals are the largest and most complex organizations where health care is provided. Safe and effective patient care services in hospitals depend on the efficient decisions made by hospital executives. The main task of hospital executives is to ensure the hospital can provide high quality patient care and services. “Android Mobile Application For Hospital Executives” is an Android application used for displaying hospital performance metrics on a daily basis. This application allows hospital executives to review and monitor hospital operational data with ease of access and in a portable manner. Thus, reducing the effort of the hospital executives to perform ...


Analysis Of Food Hub Commerce And Participation Using Agent-Based Modeling: Integrating Financial And Social Drivers, Caroline C. Krejci, Richard Stone, Michael Dorneich, Stephen B. Gilbert Feb 2017

Analysis Of Food Hub Commerce And Participation Using Agent-Based Modeling: Integrating Financial And Social Drivers, Caroline C. Krejci, Richard Stone, Michael Dorneich, Stephen B. Gilbert

Stephen B. Gilbert

Objective: Factors influencing long-term viability of an intermediated regional food supply network (food hub) were modeled using agent-based modeling techniques informed by interview data gathered from food hub participants.

Background: Previous analyses of food hub dynamics focused primarily on financial drivers rather than social factors and have not used mathematical models.

Method: Based on qualitative and quantitative data gathered from 22 customers and 11 vendors at a midwestern food hub, an agent-based model (ABM) was created with distinct consumer personas characterizing the range of consumer priorities. A comparison study determined if the ABM behaved differently than a model based on ...


Characteristics Of A Multi-User Tutoring Architecture, Stephen B. Gilbert, Eliot H. Winer, Joseph Holub, Trevor Richardson, Michael C. Dorneich, Michael Hoffman Feb 2017

Characteristics Of A Multi-User Tutoring Architecture, Stephen B. Gilbert, Eliot H. Winer, Joseph Holub, Trevor Richardson, Michael C. Dorneich, Michael Hoffman

Stephen B. Gilbert

Intelligent tutor systems have been quite successful in instruction of individuals (Koedinger, Anderson, Hadley, & Mark, 1997; Ritter, Kulikowich, Lei, McGuire, & Morgan, 2007; Vanlehn, et al., 2005), but multiple challenges exist when attempting to tutor a team. Sottilare, Holden, Brawner, and Goldberg (2011) describe some of the architectural challenges of team tutoring at a high level in terms of functional requirements. In this paper we describe specific challenges in terms of implementing a team architecture within the Generalized Intelligent Framework for Tutoring (GIFT), including simultaneous startup and synchronization with distributed team members, maintaining state of multiple users, and timing feedback for teams and individuals appropriately.


Multi-Color Cavity Ringdown Based Detection Method And Apparatus, Scott Reeve, Susan D. Allen Feb 2017

Multi-Color Cavity Ringdown Based Detection Method And Apparatus, Scott Reeve, Susan D. Allen

Susan D. Allen

A multi-color cavity ringdown based spectrometer is housed in a light tight enclosure to detect the presence of trace quantities of gas phase molecules emanating from explosives, drugs, or hazardous materials being transported through the enclosure or compounds contained in a patient's breath. A method is also disclosed for detecting gas phase molecules emanating from explosives, drugs, hazardous materials, or a patient's breath.


Body Limb Movement Limiter, Susan Davis Allen Feb 2017

Body Limb Movement Limiter, Susan Davis Allen

Susan D. Allen

A body limb movement limiter restrains the movement of a person's arm so as to protect the person's shoulder or restrains the movement of a person's lower leg with respect to the upper leg so as to protect the person's knee. The device uses a housing having a reel disposed therein with a tether attached thereto and a shear thickening non-Newtonian fluid disposed within the housing so that the fluid acts on the reel during a payout procedure of the tether. The housing is attached to a strap secured about the torso of the person while ...


Role Of Antenna Modes And Field Enhancement In Second Harmonic Generation From Dipole Nanoantennas, Domenico De Ceglia, Maria Antonietta Vincenti, Costantino De Angelis, Andrea Locatelli, Joseph W. Haus, Michael Scalora Feb 2017

Role Of Antenna Modes And Field Enhancement In Second Harmonic Generation From Dipole Nanoantennas, Domenico De Ceglia, Maria Antonietta Vincenti, Costantino De Angelis, Andrea Locatelli, Joseph W. Haus, Michael Scalora

Joseph W Haus

We study optical second harmonic generation from metallic dipole antennas with narrow gaps. Enhancement of the fundamental-frequency field in the gap region plays a marginal role on conversion efficiency. In the symmetric configuration, i.e., with the gap located at the center of the antenna axis, reducing gap size induces a significant red-shift of the maximum conversion efficiency peak. Either enhancement or inhibition of second-harmonic emission may be observed as gap size is decreased, depending on the antenna mode excited at the harmonic frequency. The second-harmonic signal is extremely sensitive to the asymmetry introduced by gap’s displacements with respect ...