Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Engineering Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 68928

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Prospective Doctoral Statement For The University Of Southern California's School Of Cinematic Arts Media Arts + Practice Program, Gabriel Leiner Aug 2016

Prospective Doctoral Statement For The University Of Southern California's School Of Cinematic Arts Media Arts + Practice Program, Gabriel Leiner

Gabriel Leiner

After visiting L.A. again and seeing the beautiful fountains on the University of Southern California's campus I am filled with all kinds of ideas about the future and brimming with energy. To all those at the University of Southern California's Cinematic Arts Department, thanks for reading my ideas over the past couple years and helping me to evolve and become a better person and a better writer. Starting a position as a doctoral student in the Media Arts + Practice Program in 2016 is an exciting opportunity. I've got a really positive outlook about Kiss The Water.


Below-Grade Structural Flexibility Study For Seismic-Resistant, Self-Centering, Concentrically- Braced Frames, Derek A.J. Hauff Jan 2016

Below-Grade Structural Flexibility Study For Seismic-Resistant, Self-Centering, Concentrically- Braced Frames, Derek A.J. Hauff

Honors Research Projects

Self-centering, concentrically braced frames (SC-CBFs) are seismic-resistant lateral-load resisting systems for buildings that increase the lateral drift capacity in comparison to conventional CBFs. Two different substructures were examined on a six-story and a ten-story building to see which below grade structure was more efficient and how the flexibility from the addition of a basement compares to previous research of SC-CBFs structures without basements.

The study was completed in phases: modeling of forces in SAP2000, sizing of structural members, coding of structure into the modeling program Open System for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (OpenSees), and comparison of the output data.

Substructure one ...


Supporting Shrinkage: Better Planning And Decision-Making For Shrinking Cities, Justin Hollander, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Eliza D. Whiteman Jan 2016

Supporting Shrinkage: Better Planning And Decision-Making For Shrinking Cities, Justin Hollander, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Eliza D. Whiteman

Michael P. Johnson

The goal of this book is to describe and analyze a powerful new tool to help shrinking cities: analytics, in particular, decision models. The poster child for decline, Detroit, Michigan, has been subject to much media and scholarly attention in recent years with its ongoing depopulation and recent bankruptcy filing. In a New York Times story on the city’s new mayor, the reporter asked the question: “Do services and infrastructure designed for all of this city’s 139 square miles still make sense with a population of 700,000 and stretches of blocks where only a few houses remain ...


Improving The Player's Recruiting Process By Using Scenario Based Analysis Methodology, Dotan I. Shvorin, Kevin M. Taaffe Jan 2016

Improving The Player's Recruiting Process By Using Scenario Based Analysis Methodology, Dotan I. Shvorin, Kevin M. Taaffe

Dotan Shvorin

High performance physical characteristics can be found today in most of the potential recruits for any given athletic program. It has become increasingly difficult to select the right candidate based solely on physical or mental characteristics. There is growing need for a recruiter to evaluate the decision-making (DM) capability of a player in order to differentiate between predicted levels of performance. The scenario based analysis (SBA) methodology is a unique approach to evaluating such decision-making capabilities while enabling any recruiting process to customize the potential candidate evaluation, based on its specific program needs. The proposed methodology provides a platform for ...


Zero Energy Ready Multifamily Dwellings For The Redevelopment Of Downtown Knoxville, Tn, William Twickler, Ben Webb, Georgia White Dec 2015

Zero Energy Ready Multifamily Dwellings For The Redevelopment Of Downtown Knoxville, Tn, William Twickler, Ben Webb, Georgia White

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Simulation Of An Air Cooled Single-Effect Solar Absorption Cooling System With Evacuated Tube Collectors, Mohsen Jahandardoost Dec 2015

Simulation Of An Air Cooled Single-Effect Solar Absorption Cooling System With Evacuated Tube Collectors, Mohsen Jahandardoost

UNLV Theses/Dissertations/Professional Papers/Capstones

Consistently increasing CO2 emission and ozone depletion from synthetic refrigerants are serious environmental issues challenging the scientific community. Absorption cooling systems give scope of utilizing low grade energy source for generating cooling effect. Solar energy is one of these low grade energy sources and with considering the fact that cooling demand increases with the intensity of solar radiation, solar refrigeration has been considered as a logical solution.

This thesis consists of two different simulation stages, in the first stage, a single effect lithium bromide absorption cooling system with constant cooling capacity is modeled and the effect of ambient and generator ...


Decision Science For Housing And Community Development: Localized And Evidence‐Based Responses To Distressed Housing And Blighted Communities, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Jeffrey Keisler, Senay Solak, David Turcotte, Armagan Bayram, Rachel B. Drew Oct 2015

Decision Science For Housing And Community Development: Localized And Evidence‐Based Responses To Distressed Housing And Blighted Communities, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Jeffrey Keisler, Senay Solak, David Turcotte, Armagan Bayram, Rachel B. Drew

Michael P. Johnson

This book will present decision models and applications to an important contemporary issue in urban housing and community development: local responses to the foreclosure crisis. The roots of this book are a National Science Foundation-funded project as well as an antecedent pilot project that served as a response to a phenomenon with multiple causes and large-scale and wide-ranging impacts on people, communities and markets worldwide, including in urbanized areas of the United States. The book will demonstrate that a diverse set of decision models, developed to respond to the recent foreclosure crisis in the US, can contribute to emerging scholarship ...


High Temperature Oxidation Kinetics Of Dysprosium Particles, Brian J. Jaques, Darryl P. Butt Sep 2015

High Temperature Oxidation Kinetics Of Dysprosium Particles, Brian J. Jaques, Darryl P. Butt

Materials Science and Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Rare earth elements have been recognized as critical materials for the advancement of many strategic and green technologies. Recently, the United States Department of Energy has invested many millions of dollars to enhance, protect, and forecast their production and management. The work presented here attempts to clarify the limited and contradictory literature on the oxidation behavior of the rare earth metal, dysprosium. Dysprosium particles were isothermally oxidized from 500 to 1000 °C in N2–(2%, 20%, and 50%) O2 and Ar–20% O2 using simultaneous thermal analysis techniques. Two distinct oxidation regions were identified at each isothermal ...


An Energy Cube Project For Teaching Engineering Design Process, Fionnuala C. Farrell, Shannon Chance, Micheal P. O'Flaherty Sep 2015

An Energy Cube Project For Teaching Engineering Design Process, Fionnuala C. Farrell, Shannon Chance, Micheal P. O'Flaherty

Conference Papers

This year, the College of Engineering and the Built Environment at our institute inaugurated a new Common First Year design project module that helps inform students in the selection of a specific engineering discipline. Each student, prior to selecting their bachelor’s specialism, completes three group-based design projects: a bridge design project (to familiarise students with civil and structural engineering), a RoboSumo project (involving robotics, programming, electrical and electronics engineering), and an Energy Cube project (introducing fundamentals of mechanical, manufacturing and design, and building services engineering). This paper focuses on how the engineering design process was taught via the Energy ...


The Design And Implementation Of An Adaptive Chess Game, Mehdi Peiravi Sep 2015

The Design And Implementation Of An Adaptive Chess Game, Mehdi Peiravi

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

In recent years, computer games have become a common form of entertainment. Fast advancement in computer technology and internet speed have helped entertainment software developers to create graphical games that keep a variety of players’ interest. The emergence of artificial intelligence systems has evolved computer gaming technology in new and profound ways. Artificial intelligence provides the illusion of intelligence in the behavior of NPCs (Non-Playable-Characters). NPCs are able to use the increased CPU, GPU, RAM, Storage and other bandwidth related capabilities, resulting in very difficult game play for the end user. In many cases, computer abilities must be toned down ...


Optimization Of Blalock-Taussig Shunt And Anastomotic Geometry For Vascular Access Fistula Using A Genetic Algorithm, Guangyu Bao Aug 2015

Optimization Of Blalock-Taussig Shunt And Anastomotic Geometry For Vascular Access Fistula Using A Genetic Algorithm, Guangyu Bao

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

Blalock-Taussig (BT) shunts are used for defects that affect the flow of blood from the right ventricle, through the pulmonary artery, and to the lungs. Arteriovenous (AV) fistula is one type of vascular access which is a surgically created vein used to remove and return blood during hemodialysis. Plastic grafts used in the above two reconstructions may result in areas of non-physiologic flow in the grafts leading to risk of stenosis (blocked area) and thrombosis, which is the single major cause for access morbidity. The focus of this thesis is to study BT shunts and anastomoses models using Computational Fluid ...


Three-Dimensional Scaffolds Of Graphene, Carbon Nanotubes And Transition-Metal Oxides For Applications In Electronics, Sensors And Energy Storage, Gilbert N. Mbah Aug 2015

Three-Dimensional Scaffolds Of Graphene, Carbon Nanotubes And Transition-Metal Oxides For Applications In Electronics, Sensors And Energy Storage, Gilbert N. Mbah

Student Research Projects, Dissertations, and Theses - Chemistry Department

Electronics, sensors and energy storage devices are the new waves behind economic development, security and communication1. Engineering small sizes of electronic, sensors and energy storage devices is the hurdle limiting efficient, portable and vast applications of Nano-devices for economic, security and communication advancement2. Silicon the major material used in transistors has approached its limit to fabricated Nano-devices3. The discovery of free standing, one atomic layer thick and two-dimensional graphene sheets with high conductivity, inert, high specific surface area, stable and high tensile strength material in 2004 has shown capabilities to replaced silicon in electronics, sensors and energy ...


Tetrahedral Mesh Optimization And Generation Via Topological Transformations And Gradient Based Node Perturbation, Christopher B. Hilbert Aug 2015

Tetrahedral Mesh Optimization And Generation Via Topological Transformations And Gradient Based Node Perturbation, Christopher B. Hilbert

Masters Theses and Doctoral Dissertations

A general tetrahedral mesh optimization scheme utilizing both topological changes (i.e. flips) and gradient-based vertex optimization (i.e. smoothing) is demonstrated. This scheme is used in the optimization of tetrahedral meshes created by third-party software as well as a grid generation methodology created for this work. The particular algorithms involved are explained in detail including, an explication of the primary optimization metric, weighted condition number. In addition, a thorough literature review regarding tetrahedral mesh generation is given.


A Parallel Algorithm For Compression Of Big Next-Generation Sequencing Datasets, Sandino N. Vargas Perez, Fahad Saeed Aug 2015

A Parallel Algorithm For Compression Of Big Next-Generation Sequencing Datasets, Sandino N. Vargas Perez, Fahad Saeed

Parallel Computing and Data Science Lab Technical Reports

With the advent of high-throughput next-generation sequencing (NGS) techniques, the amount of data being generated represents challenges including storage, analysis and transport of huge datasets. One solution to storage and transmission of data is compression using specialized compression algorithms. However, these specialized algorithms suffer from poor scalability with increasing size of the datasets and best available solutions can take hours to compress gigabytes of data. In this paper we introduce paraDSRC, a parallel implementation of DSRC algorithm using a message passing model that presents reduction of the compression time complexity by a factor of O(1/p ). Our experimental results ...


Spontaneous Firing Of Sensory Neurons Modulates The Gain In The Downstream Circuit Of A Simple Olfactory System, Matthew O'Neill Aug 2015

Spontaneous Firing Of Sensory Neurons Modulates The Gain In The Downstream Circuit Of A Simple Olfactory System, Matthew O'Neill

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

In locusts and other insects, odorants are transduced into electrical signal by the olfactory receptor neurons and transmitted to central circuits for further processing. Previous studies have shown that exogenous variables (e.g., flow rates, humidity, temperature, odor mixtures, etc.) can influence the responses of the sensory neurons and therefore modulate the central circuits. However, how the sensory neuron activity is manipulated to achieve adaptive gain control in the following circuit is yet to be understood. It is possible that the magnitude of the stimulus-evoked response in the receptor neurons, their spontaneous activity, or both of these factors can change ...


Investigation About The Characterization Of Machine Tool Spindle Stiffness For Intelligent Cnc End Milling Aug 2015

Investigation About The Characterization Of Machine Tool Spindle Stiffness For Intelligent Cnc End Milling

Faculty of Engineering University of Malaya

This paper describes how to investigate the characterization of the machine tool spindle stiffness in radial direction for precise monitoring of cutting forces in end milling process by using displacement sensors. Four sensitive eddy-current displacement sensors are installed on the spindle housing of a machining center so that they can detect the radial motion of the rotating spindle. Thermocouples are also attached to the spindle structure, and the stability of the displacement sensing is examined. The change in spindle stiffness due to the spindle temperature and the speed is investigated. Finally, monitoring results of small and medium scale cutting forces ...


Cost Effective Quality Assurance Practices In Highway Construction, James M. Newland Aug 2015

Cost Effective Quality Assurance Practices In Highway Construction, James M. Newland

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The estimated value of the U.S. transportation infrastructure is over $7.0 trillion. The challenge is preserving the quality of the investment. State and federal departments of transportation have methods and procedures for best quality, but vary significantly. With the variations comes opportunity to assess the cost-effectiveness of different strategies and make recommendation on practices that are most successful.

A survey was created and sent to all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The survey was aimed to capture information on construction finished product testing methods, optimized/reduced sampling techniques, innovative QA practices that measure multiple performance criteria ...


Cfd Simulation And Shape Optimization Of Supersonic Ejectors For Refrigeration And Desalination Applications, Liju Su Aug 2015

Cfd Simulation And Shape Optimization Of Supersonic Ejectors For Refrigeration And Desalination Applications, Liju Su

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

The aim of this thesis is to investigate the detailed flow field inside the supersonic ejector using numerical methods and to optimize the ejector’s mixing chamber wall shape to obtain a maximum entrainment ratio (ER) in order to obtain the highest possible efficiency that can be attained by the ejector. A steam ejector applied in the cooling industry is first studied to determine the most accurate turbulence model for its supersonic jet flow field simulation with mixing with the entrained steam in the mixing chamber. A commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) package FLUENT 14.5 along with the meshing ...


Evaluate Students’ Learning Effectiveness Of Hvac System Using 3d Game Animation, Lalitha Devi Nandam Aug 2015

Evaluate Students’ Learning Effectiveness Of Hvac System Using 3d Game Animation, Lalitha Devi Nandam

Construction Systems -- Dissertations & Theses

An important skill required for students in Construction Engineering and Architecture is to understand what the major components are and how the whole system and its components function. Students typically learn to understand HVAC equipment by reviewing two-dimensional (2D) CAD drawings, images and site visits. With latest developments in 3D game engines for facilitating interactive learning, it is now possible for students to experience three-dimensional (3D) environments of HVAC systems. While this technology is still at an early stage in learning application, it has the potential to significantly enhance the capability of students to study, comprehend and gain experience designing ...


Novelty Wins, “Straight Toward Objective” Loses! Or Book Review: Why Greatness Cannot Be Planned: The Myth Of The Objective, By Kenneth O. Stanley And Joel Lehman, Reuben Hersh Jul 2015

Novelty Wins, “Straight Toward Objective” Loses! Or Book Review: Why Greatness Cannot Be Planned: The Myth Of The Objective, By Kenneth O. Stanley And Joel Lehman, Reuben Hersh

Journal of Humanistic Mathematics

Experiments in evolutionary artificial intelligence demonstrate that progress toward an important, difficult goal is not best achieved by attempting to go directly toward that goal, but rather, by rewarding novelty.


Bringing Football Back To Los Angeles, Gabriel Leiner Jul 2015

Bringing Football Back To Los Angeles, Gabriel Leiner

Gabriel Leiner

Identifying a suitable parcel for a large scale professional football stadium in the greater Los Angeles, CA area, which does not conflict with current uses, environmental protection codes, or airspace rights, and also has adequate transportation access and nearby populated neighborhoods.


Identifying Geographical Interdependency In Critical Infrastructure Systems Using Open Source Geospatial Data In Order To Model Restoration Strategies In The Aftermath Of A Large-Scale Disaster, Varun Ramachandran, Tom Shoberg, Suzanna Long, Steven Corns, Hector Carlo Jul 2015

Identifying Geographical Interdependency In Critical Infrastructure Systems Using Open Source Geospatial Data In Order To Model Restoration Strategies In The Aftermath Of A Large-Scale Disaster, Varun Ramachandran, Tom Shoberg, Suzanna Long, Steven Corns, Hector Carlo

International Journal of Geospatial and Environmental Research

In the wake of a large-scale disaster, strategies for emergency search and rescue, short-term recovery and medium- to long-term restoration are needed. While considerable effort is geared to developing strategies for the former two options, little comprehensive guidance exists on the latter. However, medium- to long-term restoration has a significant effect on local, regional and national economies and is essential to community vitality. In part, the deficit of robust strategies can be linked to the complexity in the data acquisition and limited methodologies to understand the interconnectedness of the relevant systems elements. This research utilizes infrastructure data for Supply Chain ...


Enabling Distributed Scientific Computing On The Campus, Derek J. Weitzel Jul 2015

Enabling Distributed Scientific Computing On The Campus, Derek J. Weitzel

Computer Science and Engineering: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Campus research computing has evolved from many small decentralized resources, such as individual desktops, to fewer, larger centralized resources, such as clusters. This change has been necessitated by the increasing size of researcher's workloads, but this change has harmed the researcher's user experience. We propose to improve the user experience on the computational resources by creating an overlay cluster they are able to control. This overlay should transparently scale to national cyberinfrastructure as the user's demands increase.

We explore methods for improving the user experience when submitting jobs on a campus grid. To this end, we created ...


Development Of A National Anthropogenic Heating Database With An Extrapolation For International Cities, David J. Sailor, Matei Georgescu, Jeffrey M. Milne, Melissa A. Hart Jul 2015

Development Of A National Anthropogenic Heating Database With An Extrapolation For International Cities, David J. Sailor, Matei Georgescu, Jeffrey M. Milne, Melissa A. Hart

Mechanical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Given increasing utility of numerical models to examine urban impacts on meteorology and climate, there exists an urgent need for accurate representation of seasonally and diurnally varying anthropogenic heating data, an important component of the urban energy budget for cities across the world. Incorporation of anthropogenic heating data as inputs to existing climate modeling systems has direct societal implications ranging from improved prediction of energy demand to health assessment, but such data are lacking for most cities. To address this deficiency we have applied a standardized procedure to develop a national database of seasonally and diurnally varying anthropogenic heating profiles ...


Attacker-Induced Traffic Flow Instability In A Stream Of Automated Vehicles, Daniel D. Dunn Jul 2015

Attacker-Induced Traffic Flow Instability In A Stream Of Automated Vehicles, Daniel D. Dunn

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Highway systems world wide continue to see an ever increased number of vehicles and subsequently a rise in congested traffic. This results in longer commute times, wasted energy as vehicles idle in stop and go traffic, and increases the risk of accidents. In short, increased congestion costs time and money. These issues have prompted much research into Automated Highway Systems (AHS). In AHS vehicles using computer algorithms can safely travel at much smaller inter-vehicle distances than human drivers are capable of. This increases the capacity of existing highway systems. Sensors aboard each vehicle make this possible by monitoring their surroundings ...


A Computational Method To Predict And Study Underwater Noise Due To Pile Driving, Scott Schecklman, Nathan Laws, Lisa M. Zurk, Martin Siderius Jul 2015

A Computational Method To Predict And Study Underwater Noise Due To Pile Driving, Scott Schecklman, Nathan Laws, Lisa M. Zurk, Martin Siderius

Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

A hybrid modeling approach that uses the parabolic equation (PE) with an empirical source model is presented to study and predict the underwater noise due to pile driving in shallow, inhomogeneous environments over long propagation ranges. The empirical source model uses a phased point source array to simulate the time-dependent pile source. The pile source is coupled with a broadband application of a PE wave propagation model that includes range dependent geoacoustic properties and bathymetry. Simulation results are shown to be in good agreement with several acoustic observations of pile driving in the Columbia River between Portland, OR and Vancouver ...


Apis And The Library: What, Why?, Graham S. Hukill Jul 2015

Apis And The Library: What, Why?, Graham S. Hukill

Scholars Cooperative Brown Bag Series

APIs (Application Programming Interface): What are they? Why are they? Introduction to APIs and their role in the Library


Characterization And Performance Of Algal Biofilms For Wastewater Treatment And Industrial Applications, Maureen Kesaano Jul 2015

Characterization And Performance Of Algal Biofilms For Wastewater Treatment And Industrial Applications, Maureen Kesaano

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study was carried out on algal biofilms grown using rotating algal biofilm reactors (RABRs) with the aim of: i) characterizing their growth in terms of photosynthetic activity and morphology ii) evaluating their performance as a wastewater treatment option and a feedstock for biofuels production, and iii) examining the algal-bacteria interactions.

A review of algal biofilm technologies currently employed in wastewater treatment processes was made to compare nutrient removal efficiencies, factors that influenced algal biofilm growth, and the different bioproducts generated from algal biomass. Consequently, research efforts were directed towards addressing pertinent issues identified in literature in order to optimize ...


Response Of Drought Tolerant And Conventional Corn To Limited Irrigation, I. Kisekka, F. Lamm, J. D. Holman Jul 2015

Response Of Drought Tolerant And Conventional Corn To Limited Irrigation, I. Kisekka, F. Lamm, J. D. Holman

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

With declining water levels in the Ogallala aquifer, many wells cannot supply peak irrigation water needs for corn. Emerging drought-tolerant (DT) corn hybrids could help farmers maintain yield with limited capacity wells. A knowledge gap exists comparing transgenic DT and conventional corn hybrids in yield response to water level. The purpose of this study was to compare yield, yield components, water productivity, and irrigation water use efficiency response of DT corn with cspB (DKC 6267 DGVT- 2PRO) transgene trait and conventional corn hybrid (DKC 62-98 VT2PRO) with similar maturity to full and limited irrigation. Preliminary results from the 2014 growing ...


Irrigation Scheduling Based On Soil Moisture Sensors And Evapotranspiration, J. Aguilar, D. Rogers, I. Kisekka Jul 2015

Irrigation Scheduling Based On Soil Moisture Sensors And Evapotranspiration, J. Aguilar, D. Rogers, I. Kisekka

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Irrigation scheduling is crucial to effectively manage water resources and optimize profitability of an irrigated operation. Tools that can be customized to a field’s characteristics can greatly facilitate irrigation scheduling decisions. Soil moisture sensors and the evapotranspiration (ET)-based KanSched are two of the tools that could be implemented in an irrigated farm. Focusing on the installation of soil moisture sensors, demonstration set-ups were established at the Southwest Research-Extension Center plots in Garden City, Kansas, and in a producer’s field, each with three types of moisture sensors at different depths. Among others, this project validates the importance of ...