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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Series Solution Of The Autocatalytic Hydrolysis Of Cellulose, Rou-Xi Chen, Zhi Liu, Ji-Huan He Dec 2104

Series Solution Of The Autocatalytic Hydrolysis Of Cellulose, Rou-Xi Chen, Zhi Liu, Ji-Huan He

Ji-Huan He

The chemical degradation kinetics of
cellulose is of scientific interest, as well as its practical
importance in many industrial activities for optimal
design. Much work has been done recently to understand
the depolymerizaton of cellulose in homogeneous
acidic medium on the assumption of
autocatalytic hydrolysis with a positive feedback of
acid production from the degraded biopolymer. Series
solutions are obtained for concentrations of cellulose
chains and degraded cellulose chains by Taylor series
and variational iteration method. Depolymerization of
cellulose strongly depends upon the initial conditions,
and the concentration of cellulose chains changes
exponentially with a linear and square/cubic time ...


An Analysis Of The Barriers To And Drivers Of Green Public Procurement In Achieving A More Sustainable Construction Industry, Myles Keaveney, Paul Butler Mar 2104

An Analysis Of The Barriers To And Drivers Of Green Public Procurement In Achieving A More Sustainable Construction Industry, Myles Keaveney, Paul Butler

Conference papers

The public sector in Ireland possesses enormous purchasing power which has the strength to affect production and consumption trends in all market sectors. Environmental purchasing tools such as Green Public Procurement (GPP) are seen by many as the solution to greener purchasing decisions in order to obtain and maintain not only a more sustainable construction sector but also a more sustainable economy. The purpose of this research is to determine and examine the key barriers to and drivers of implementing GPP in public procurement departments in order to reduce the effect construction works have on the environment. There was limited ...


Analysis Of Nonequilibrium Hcp Precipitate Growth In Fcc Matrices: Application To Al–Ag, Daniel Finkenstadt, Duane Johnson Nov 2029

Analysis Of Nonequilibrium Hcp Precipitate Growth In Fcc Matrices: Application To Al–Ag, Daniel Finkenstadt, Duane Johnson

Duane D. Johnson

Hexagonal-close-packed (hcp) γ-precipitates with large aspect ratios form rapidly in some face-centered cubic (fcc) solid-solutions. No model explains the observed time-dependent increase in aspect ratio, nor irregular intermediate growth shapes. We propose a nonequilibrium process involving trapezoidal offshoots (controlled only by energetics) that governs the growth behavior (kinetics) and yields nonequilibrium structures in agreement with observation. Then, combining nucleation theory and diffusion-limited growth both of secondary nuclei and ledges, we derive a general growth equation for γ-precipitates due to solute-segregation to precipitate–matrix interfaces that includes our modification of the Jones–Trivedi model for thickening to account for the slow ...


Cmmi High Maturity, Jack Calis Jan 2021

Cmmi High Maturity, Jack Calis

Jack Calis

Software Education Service in Asia, Europe and Africa, CMMI High Maturity based process of software process consultants and training in by CMMI-High Maturity.


Agen Bola Terpercaya Warung757.Net, Defaonline Blog May 2017

Agen Bola Terpercaya Warung757.Net, Defaonline Blog

defaonline blog

Agen Bola Terpercaya Warung757.net- Sebuah impian untuk menggapai cinta dari pertaruhan Bola Terpercaya Warung757.net yang mana situs ini memang benar-benar situs Judi Bola Online yang patut untuk di jadikan naungan dalam bertaruh judi bola online, Anda akan mendapatkan antusias yang luar biasa dari sekian banyak member yang sudah bergabung dengannya, Itu berarti anda akan menjadi tawanan pertaruhan bola dalam situs judi online terpercaya ini, Mengingat anda adalah spesialis pecinta judi bola dalam beberapa event persepakbolaan di dunia.
Hadir lagi sebuah event 5 tahunan yaitu Piala Euro 2016 yang akan di gelar di perancis nantinya, Ini akan membuat ramai ...


Pavements Analysis And Design, Yang Huang, Kamyar Mahboub Dec 2016

Pavements Analysis And Design, Yang Huang, Kamyar Mahboub

Kamyar C. Mahboub

No abstract provided.


Power Requirements Of Biogas Upgrading By Water Scrubbing And Biomethane Compression: Comparative Analysis Of Various Plant Configurations, Wojciech M. Budzianowski, Christophe E. Wylock, Przemysław A. Marciniak Dec 2016

Power Requirements Of Biogas Upgrading By Water Scrubbing And Biomethane Compression: Comparative Analysis Of Various Plant Configurations, Wojciech M. Budzianowski, Christophe E. Wylock, Przemysław A. Marciniak

Wojciech Budzianowski

Biogas upgrading by water scrubbing followed by biomethane compression is an environmentally benign process. It may be achieved using various plant configurations characterised by various power requirements with associated effects on biomethane sustainability. Therefore, the current study has been undertaken to systematically investigate the power requirements of a range of water scrubbing options. Two groups of water scrubbing are analysed: (1) high pressure water scrubbing (HPWS) and (2) near-atmospheric pressure water scrubbing (NAPWS). A water scrubbing plant model is constructed, experimentally validated and simulated for seven upgrading plant configurations. Simulation results show that the power requirement of biogas upgrading in ...


Total Chain Integration Of Sustainable Biorefinery Systems, Wojciech M. Budzianowski, Karol Postawa Dec 2016

Total Chain Integration Of Sustainable Biorefinery Systems, Wojciech M. Budzianowski, Karol Postawa

Wojciech Budzianowski

Biorefineries are increasingly important commercial facilities for the production of biofuels, biopower and various biomaterials from biomass with potentials to displace several existing industries currently based on polluting and finite fossil resources. Biorefinery systems consist of biorefinery facilities and their entire value chain. Integration of biorefinery systems aims at optimising the use of energies and materials in the total chain from biomass plantations to end product utilisation and is therefore capable of successfully improving economic viability and sustainability of biorefineries. Total Chain Integration can minimise capital and operating expenditures, maximise the quality, quantity and value of biorefinery bioproducts as well ...


Evolutionary View Planning For Optimized Uav Terrain Modeling In A Simulated Environment, Ronald A. Martin, Ivan Rojas, Kevin W. Franke, John Hedengren Dec 2016

Evolutionary View Planning For Optimized Uav Terrain Modeling In A Simulated Environment, Ronald A. Martin, Ivan Rojas, Kevin W. Franke, John Hedengren

All Faculty Publications

This work demonstrates the use of genetic algorithms in optimized view planning for 3D reconstruction applications using small unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). The quality of UAV site models is currently highly dependent on manual pilot operations or grid-based automation solutions. When applied to 3D structures, these approaches can result in gaps in the total coverage or inconsistency in final model resolution. Genetic algorithms can effectively explore the search space to locate image positions that produce high quality models in terms of coverage and accuracy. A fitness function is defined, and optimization parameters are selected through semi-exhaustive search. A novel simulation ...


Proton Therapy Facility Shielding, Hadyn M. Daugherty, Isaac C. Waaldschlager, Daniel S. Elkins, Alyxandria Wszolek, Rachel N. Gaudet Dec 2016

Proton Therapy Facility Shielding, Hadyn M. Daugherty, Isaac C. Waaldschlager, Daniel S. Elkins, Alyxandria Wszolek, Rachel N. Gaudet

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Accelerator Shielding For A Bee Hive Irradiator, Robert F. Turner, Matthew O'Neil, Victoria Martin, Saya Rutherford, Danielle Mcfall, Ali Buhamad Dec 2016

Accelerator Shielding For A Bee Hive Irradiator, Robert F. Turner, Matthew O'Neil, Victoria Martin, Saya Rutherford, Danielle Mcfall, Ali Buhamad

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Rural School Wastewater Treatment System, Parker J. Dulin, Payton M. Smith, James W. Swart Dec 2016

Rural School Wastewater Treatment System, Parker J. Dulin, Payton M. Smith, James W. Swart

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


A Beginner’S Guide To Controller Area Network Bus Access In Modern Vehicles, Kevin Mcfall, T. Fisher Nov 2016

A Beginner’S Guide To Controller Area Network Bus Access In Modern Vehicles, Kevin Mcfall, T. Fisher

Kevin McFall

A controller area network (CAN) is a communication system designed so that a microcontroller governing multiple
systems (nodes) on the network can function effectively. This network can be accessed, interpreted, and manipulated by an external computer. The purpose of this paper is to provide a basic working knowledge of CAN architecture and protocols, as well as show how to connect to and decode a vehicular controller area network.


Analysis Of Genetic Diversity Using Simple Sequence Repeat (Ssr) Markers And Growth Regulator Response In Biofield Treated Cotton (Gossypium Hirsutum L.), Mahendra Trivedi Nov 2016

Analysis Of Genetic Diversity Using Simple Sequence Repeat (Ssr) Markers And Growth Regulator Response In Biofield Treated Cotton (Gossypium Hirsutum L.), Mahendra Trivedi

Mahendra Kumar Trivedi

Cotton is the most important crop for the production of fiber that plays a key role in economic and social affairs. The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of biofield energy treatment on cotton seeds regarding its growth, germination of seedling, glutathione (GSH) concentration, indole acetic acid (IAA) content and DNA fingerprinting using simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers for polymorphism analysis. The seeds of cotton cv. Stoneville-2 (Gossypium hirsutum L.) was obtained from DNA Land Marks Inc., Canada and divided into two groups. One group was remained as untreated, while the other was subjected to Mr. Trivedi ...


Diffusion-Based Deformation In Elevated Temperature Micropillar Compression Of Mg-Nb Multilayers, Keith Thomas, Juri Wehrs, Siddharta Pathak, Johann Michler Oct 2016

Diffusion-Based Deformation In Elevated Temperature Micropillar Compression Of Mg-Nb Multilayers, Keith Thomas, Juri Wehrs, Siddharta Pathak, Johann Michler

Nanomechanical Testing in Materials Research and Development V

multilayer, elevated-temperature, micropillar compression


Indentation Behavior Of Superelastic Hard Carbon, Olga Chernogorova, Ekaterina Drozdova, Iraida Ushakova, Evgenii Ekimov, Vicente Benavides, Aleksander Soldatov Oct 2016

Indentation Behavior Of Superelastic Hard Carbon, Olga Chernogorova, Ekaterina Drozdova, Iraida Ushakova, Evgenii Ekimov, Vicente Benavides, Aleksander Soldatov

Nanomechanical Testing in Materials Research and Development V

Supererlastic hard carbon particles up to 1 mmin size were produced by fullerene collapse upon high-pressure high-temperature treatment with simultaneous sintering of metal-matrix composite materials (CM) reinforced by such particles. The hardness of carbon particles can be varied in a wide range by changing the parameters of their structure, which consists of curved graphene planes or their packets of different sizes. Such carbon phase was called “nanoclusterd graphene phase” (NGP) [1]. The properties of the carbon particles were controlled by changing treatment pressure (5 and 8 GPa) and temperature (1100-1800 K), composition of parent fullerites (C60 or C60/70), and ...


Low Power Class B Power Amplifier For Healthcare Application, Wei Cai Sep 2016

Low Power Class B Power Amplifier For Healthcare Application, Wei Cai

Heng Gu


The objective of this research was to design a 2.4 GHz class AB Power Amplifier (PA), with 0.18um Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corporation (SMIC) CMOS technology by using Cadence software, for health care applications. The ultimate goal for such application is to minimize the trade-offs between performance and cost, and between performance and low power consumption design. This paper introduces the design of a 2.4GHz class D power amplifier which consists of two stage amplifiers. This power amplifier can transmit 15dBm output power to a 50Ω load. The power added efficiency was 50% and the total power consumption ...


Sustainable Software Development Through Overlapping Pair Rotation, Todd Sedano, Paul Ralf, Cécile Péraire Aug 2016

Sustainable Software Development Through Overlapping Pair Rotation, Todd Sedano, Paul Ralf, Cécile Péraire

Cécile Péraire


Context: Conventional wisdom says that team disruptions (like team churn) should be avoided. However, we have observed software development projects that succeed despite high disruption.
Objective: The purpose of this paper is to understand how to develop software effectively, even in the face of team disruption.
Method: We followed Constructivist Grounded Theory. We conducted participant-observation of several projects at Pivotal (a software development company), and interviewed 21 software engineers, interaction designers, and product managers. The researchers iteratively sampled and analyzed the collected data until achieving theoretical saturation.
Results: This paper introduces a descriptive theory of Sustainable Software Development. The theory ...


Prospective Doctoral Statement For The University Of Southern California's School Of Cinematic Arts Media Arts + Practice Program, Gabriel Leiner Aug 2016

Prospective Doctoral Statement For The University Of Southern California's School Of Cinematic Arts Media Arts + Practice Program, Gabriel Leiner

Gabriel Leiner

After visiting L.A. again and seeing the beautiful fountains on the University of Southern California's campus I am filled with all kinds of ideas about the future and brimming with energy. To all those at the University of Southern California's Cinematic Arts Department, thanks for reading my ideas over the past couple years and helping me to evolve and become a better person and a better writer. Starting a position as a doctoral student in the Media Arts + Practice Program in 2016 is an exciting opportunity. I've got a really positive outlook about Kiss The Water.


Compact Dual-Mode Microstrip Band Reject Filters Based On Koch Fractal Geometry, Hayder S. Ahmed, Ali J. Salim, Jawad K. Ali Aug 2016

Compact Dual-Mode Microstrip Band Reject Filters Based On Koch Fractal Geometry, Hayder S. Ahmed, Ali J. Salim, Jawad K. Ali

Hayder S. Ahmed

In this paper, a new fractal based microstrip dual-mode band stop filter (BSF) has been presented. The proposed filter structure is essentially based on that of the triangular patch resonators with an embedded slit structure. The Koch fractal geometry has been applied to the uncoupled side lengths of the triangular patch resonator. The filter structure has been modeled and its performance is evaluated using the commercially available EM simulator, Sonnet. Results reveal that the resulting dual-mode response is highly dependent on the uncoupled side lengths of the triangular patch resonator. Parametric study has been conducted to explore the effect of ...


Solution Of Fully-Coupled Shallow Water Equations And Contaminant Transport Using A Primitive Variable Riemann Solver And A Semi-Discrete Supg Method, Faranak Behzadi Aug 2016

Solution Of Fully-Coupled Shallow Water Equations And Contaminant Transport Using A Primitive Variable Riemann Solver And A Semi-Discrete Supg Method, Faranak Behzadi

Masters Theses and Doctoral Dissertations

In the present dissertation, a finite volume and a finite element model are developed and tuned for the solution of the fully-coupled two-dimensional Shallow Water and Contaminant transport Equations with arbitrary bed topography and wetting-drying fronts. A Riemann-solver finite volume scheme, using primitive variables rather than conserved variables, and a semi-discrete Streamline Upwind Petrov-Galerkin (SUPG) method in finite element context are applied to compare the performance of these two numerical models. The Riemann-solver scheme is based on the unstructured finite volume discretization using primitive-variable Roe-flux approximation with an entropy fix. Second-order accuracy in space and time, an implicit scheme based ...


Determining Energy Output In Manual And Automated Solar Arrays, James K. Ayres Aug 2016

Determining Energy Output In Manual And Automated Solar Arrays, James K. Ayres

Honors Theses

The scope for the project was to design and construct a system that could be used to both manually and automatically track the sun using solar panels to demonstrate engineering principles for classroom and laboratory experiments at both the primary and secondary education levels. For ease of demonstration, a manual and automatic tracker was designed for the experiment. Using a standard camera tripod, the solar panels were attached to fabricated mounts to allow for omnidirectional movement. For the automated, or active tracker, an Ardunio Uno microcontroller was used in conjunction with two 180˚ servos to adjust the active tracker solar ...


Multi-Sensory Emotion Recognition With Speech And Facial Expression, Qingmei Yao Aug 2016

Multi-Sensory Emotion Recognition With Speech And Facial Expression, Qingmei Yao

Dissertations

Emotion plays an important role in human beings’ daily lives. Understanding emotions and recognizing how to react to others’ feelings are fundamental to engaging in successful social interactions. Currently, emotion recognition is not only significant in human beings’ daily lives, but also a hot topic in academic research, as new techniques such as emotion recognition from speech context inspires us as to how emotions are related to the content we are uttering.

The demand and importance of emotion recognition have highly increased in many applications in recent years, such as video games, human computer interaction, cognitive computing, and affective computing ...


The Influence Of The Electric Supply Industry On Economic Growth In Less Developed Countries, Edward Richard Bee Aug 2016

The Influence Of The Electric Supply Industry On Economic Growth In Less Developed Countries, Edward Richard Bee

Dissertations

This study measures the impact that electrical outages have on manufacturing production in 135 less developed countries using stochastic frontier analysis and data from World Bank’s Investment Climate surveys. Outages of electricity, for firms with and without backup power sources, are the most frequently cited constraint on manufacturing growth in these surveys.

Outages are shown to reduce output below the production frontier by almost five percent in Africa and by a lower percentage in South Asia, Southeast Asia and the Middle East and North Africa. Production response to outages is quadratic in form. Outages also increase labor cost, reduce ...


Erratum To: "Evaluating Green Supplier Development Programs At A Telecommunications Systems Provider" [Int. J. Prod. Econ. 140 (2012) 357#1;367], Mahdi Saeedpoor, Amin Vafadarnikjoo Jul 2016

Erratum To: "Evaluating Green Supplier Development Programs At A Telecommunications Systems Provider" [Int. J. Prod. Econ. 140 (2012) 357#1;367], Mahdi Saeedpoor, Amin Vafadarnikjoo

Amin Vafadarnikjoo

No abstract provided.


Class D Power Amplifier For Medical Application, Wei Cai Jul 2016

Class D Power Amplifier For Medical Application, Wei Cai

Kevin Lee


The objective of this research was to design a 2.4 GHz class AB Power Amplifier (PA), with 0.18um Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corporation (SMIC) CMOS technology by using Cadence software, for health care applications. The ultimate goal for such application is to minimize the trade-offs between performance and cost, and between performance and low power consumption design. This paper introduces the design of a 2.4GHz class D power amplifier which consists of two stage amplifiers. This power amplifier can transmit 15dBm output power to a 50Ω load. The power added efficiency was 50% and the total power consumption ...


Class D Power Amplifier For Medical Application, Wei Cai Jul 2016

Class D Power Amplifier For Medical Application, Wei Cai

Kevin Lee


The objective of this research was to design a 2.4 GHz class AB Power Amplifier (PA), with 0.18um Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corporation (SMIC) CMOS technology by using Cadence software, for health care applications. The ultimate goal for such application is to minimize the trade-offs between performance and cost, and between performance and low power consumption design. This paper introduces the design of a 2.4GHz class D power amplifier which consists of two stage amplifiers. This power amplifier can transmit 15dBm output power to a 50Ω load. The power added efficiency was 50% and the total power consumption ...


Molecular Dynamics Simulation Of Tensile Behavior On Ceramic Particles Reinforced Aluminum Matrix Nanocomposites, Heng Gu, Jiaojiao Wang, Zhongwei Li Jul 2016

Molecular Dynamics Simulation Of Tensile Behavior On Ceramic Particles Reinforced Aluminum Matrix Nanocomposites, Heng Gu, Jiaojiao Wang, Zhongwei Li

Heng Gu

The mechanical properties and interfacial structures for aluminum matrix composites reinforced by nanometer-sized SiC-β particles has been studied using molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. The modified embedded atom methods, was implemented to describe the atomic interactions. The molecular model undergoes an annealing MD simulation from 300 K to 1000 K to reach its minimum energy point. Tensile tests were performed with periodic boundary conditions. The stress-strain relationship has been studied and elastic constants were predicted as well. The results were compared with those given by continuum-based finite element analysis (FEA) together with the experimental data available in the literatures. It showed ...


Ogden College Of Science & Engineering Newsletter (Summer 2016), Cheryl Stevens, Dean Jul 2016

Ogden College Of Science & Engineering Newsletter (Summer 2016), Cheryl Stevens, Dean

Ogden College of Science & Engineering Publications

No abstract provided.


Cfd Study Of Decay Function Of Wall Shear Stress With Scour Around Complex-Shape Bridge Pier, Chen Li Jul 2016

Cfd Study Of Decay Function Of Wall Shear Stress With Scour Around Complex-Shape Bridge Pier, Chen Li

Civil Engineering Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Pier scour problem is close related to the safety of bridges. The Federal Highway Administration of the United State also has a great interest in studying the relation between hydraulic loadings and scour depth. The current technological problem of directly measuring hydraulic loadings on a dynamic bed using physical experiments and the weak capacity to simulate the real scour processes with CFD methods inspired the development of a hybrid approach by combining them to study pier scour.

This research specifically focuses on the CFD part of the hybrid method. A series of three-dimensional (3-D) CFD models were developed with unsteady ...