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Articles 1 - 30 of 57836

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Multi-Period Liner Ship Fleet Planning With Dependent Uncertain Container Shipment Demand, Qiang Meng, Tingsong Wang, Shuaian Wang Jun 2015

Multi-Period Liner Ship Fleet Planning With Dependent Uncertain Container Shipment Demand, Qiang Meng, Tingsong Wang, Shuaian Wang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers

This paper deals with a realistic multi-period liner ship fleet planning problem by incorporating stochastic dependency of the random and period-dependent container shipment demand. This problem is formulated as a multi-period stochastic programming model with a sequence of interrelated two-stage stochastic programming (2SSP) problems characterized ship fleet planning in each single period. A solution method integrating dual decomposition and Lagrangian relaxation method is designed for solving the developed model. Numerical experiments are carried out to assess applicability and performance of the proposed model and solution algorithm. The results further demonstrate importance of stochastic dependence of the uncertain container shipment demand.


Automatic Registration Of Fused Lidar/Digital Imagery (Texel Images) For Three-Dimensional Image Creation, Scott E. Budge, Neeraj S. Badamikar, Xuan Xie Mar 2015

Automatic Registration Of Fused Lidar/Digital Imagery (Texel Images) For Three-Dimensional Image Creation, Scott E. Budge, Neeraj S. Badamikar, Xuan Xie

ECE Faculty Publications

Several photogrammetry-based methods have been proposed that the derive three-dimensional (3-D) information from digital images from different perspectives, and lidar-based methods have been proposed that merge lidar point clouds and texture the merged point clouds with digital imagery. Image registration alone has difficulty with smooth regions with low contrast, whereas point cloud merging alone has difficulty with outliers and a lack of proper convergence in the merging process. This paper presents a method to create 3-D images that uses the unique properties of texel images (pixel-fused lidar and digital imagery) to improve the quality and robustness of fused 3-D images ...


14 - ارزیابی تأثیرات نحوه چیدمان لایه های یک لباس متخلخل بر انتقال حرارت و جرم از بدن در شرایط سرما, Alireza Zolfaghari, Hasan Hasanzadeh, Hosein Shariati Eivari Mar 2015

14 - ارزیابی تأثیرات نحوه چیدمان لایه های یک لباس متخلخل بر انتقال حرارت و جرم از بدن در شرایط سرما, Alireza Zolfaghari, Hasan Hasanzadeh, Hosein Shariati Eivari

Dr Alireza Zolfaghari

No abstract provided.


Understanding The Methods Behind Cyber Terrorism, Maurice E. Dawson Jr., Marwan Omar, Jonathan Abramson Jan 2015

Understanding The Methods Behind Cyber Terrorism, Maurice E. Dawson Jr., Marwan Omar, Jonathan Abramson

Maurice Dawson

Cyber security has become a matter of national, international, economic, and societal importance that affects multiple nations (Walker, 2012). Since the 1990s users have exploited vulnerabilities to gain access to networks for malicious purposes. In recent years the number of attacks on U.S. networks has continued to grow at an exponential rate. This includes malicious embedded code, exploitation of backdoors, and more. These attacks can be initiated from anywhere in the world from behind a computer with a masked Internet Protocol (IP) address. This type of warfare, cyber warfare, changes the landscape of war itself (Beidleman, 2009). This type ...


A Study Of The Behaviour Of Fresh And Coal Fouled Ballast Reinforced By Geogrid Using The Discrete Element Method, Ngoc Trung Ngo, Buddhima Indraratna, Cholachat Rujikiatkamjorn Jan 2015

A Study Of The Behaviour Of Fresh And Coal Fouled Ballast Reinforced By Geogrid Using The Discrete Element Method, Ngoc Trung Ngo, Buddhima Indraratna, Cholachat Rujikiatkamjorn

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers

Geogrids are widely used in ballasted rail tracks for reinforcement and stabilisation. During train operation, ballast becomes contaminated or fouled due to infiltration of fines from the surface, mud pumping from the subgrade, and degradation, which decreases the performance of the geogrids. This paper presents the results of a laboratory and numerical simulation to study the effect that coal fines have on the interface between ballast and geogrid. The stress-strain behaviour of fresh and fouled ballast reinforced by geogrid was investigated via a series of large scale direct shear tests in the laboratory and numerical simulations using the Discrete Element ...


Electronic Supplement: Value Focused Thinking For Community-Based Organizations: Objectives And Acceptance In Local Development, Jeffrey Keisler, David A. Turcotte, Rachel B. Drew, Michael P. Johnson Jr. Jan 2015

Electronic Supplement: Value Focused Thinking For Community-Based Organizations: Objectives And Acceptance In Local Development, Jeffrey Keisler, David A. Turcotte, Rachel B. Drew, Michael P. Johnson Jr.

Michael P. Johnson

This is an electronic supplement to the manuscript "Value Focused Thinking for Community-Based Organizations: Objectives and Acceptance in Local Development", to appear in European Journal of Decision Processes.


Micro Sheet Hydroforming Process Of Ultra-Thin Pure Titanium Foil, Hideki Sato, Kenichi Manabe, Dongbin Wei, Zhengyi Jiang, Daiki Kondo Jan 2015

Micro Sheet Hydroforming Process Of Ultra-Thin Pure Titanium Foil, Hideki Sato, Kenichi Manabe, Dongbin Wei, Zhengyi Jiang, Daiki Kondo

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers

A micro hydromechanical deep drawing is carried out using the pure titanium and the effect of fluid pressure on formability of pure titanium is investigated. The experiments are performed using the two kinds of pure titanium foils (TR270C-H and TR270C-O) and stainless steel foil (SUS304-H) with 50 thickness and the cylindrical and conical punches. As a result, it is found that the peeling off the oxide film of pure titanium can be reduced by applying the fluid pressure because the friction force and contact pressure between the blank and die decreases. However, the formability is lower for pure titanium than ...


Advances In Technology Project Management: Review Of Open Source Software Integration, Maurice Dawson, Brian Leonard, Emad Rahim Jan 2015

Advances In Technology Project Management: Review Of Open Source Software Integration, Maurice Dawson, Brian Leonard, Emad Rahim

Maurice Dawson

As organizations must continually drive down costs of software-driven projects, they need to evaluate the Systems Development Life Cycle (SDLC) and other software-based design methodologies. These methodologies include looking at software-based alternatives that could save a significant amount of money by reducing the amount of proprietary software. This chapter explores the use and integration of Open Source Software (OSS) in software-driven projects to include in enterprise organizations. Additionally, the legalities of the GNU General Public License (GPL), Lesser General Public License (LGPL), Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD), and Creative Commons are explored with the integration of these OSS solutions into organizations ...


Sonocatalytic Removal Of An Organic Dye Using Tio2/Montmorillonite Nanocomposite, A.R. Khataee, M. Sheydaei, A. Hassani, M. Taseidifar, S. Karaca Jan 2015

Sonocatalytic Removal Of An Organic Dye Using Tio2/Montmorillonite Nanocomposite, A.R. Khataee, M. Sheydaei, A. Hassani, M. Taseidifar, S. Karaca

Aydin Hassani

No abstract provided.


Influence Of Loading Conditions During Tensile Testing On Acoustic Emission, Turbadrakh Chuluunbat, Cheng Lu, Andrii Kostryzhev, A Kiet Tieu Jan 2015

Influence Of Loading Conditions During Tensile Testing On Acoustic Emission, Turbadrakh Chuluunbat, Cheng Lu, Andrii Kostryzhev, A Kiet Tieu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers

The Acoustic Emission (AE) monitoring technique is widely used in mechanical and material research for detection of plastic deformation, fracture initiation and crack growth. However, the influence of AE features (such as signal amplitude, frequency, rise time and duration) on the fracture parameters (such as brittle or ductile mode of propagation and fracture propagation speed) is not completely understood. In this paper, the effect of loading conditions on fracture behavior was studied using AE monitoring during tensile testing of an aluminum alloy specimen. The fracture development was observed using a high speed video camera and was analyzed using the finite ...


Microgrid Capability Diagram: A Tool For Optimal Grid-Tied Operation, Athmi Jayawardena, Lasantha Meegahapola, Duane A. Robinson, Sarath Perera Jan 2015

Microgrid Capability Diagram: A Tool For Optimal Grid-Tied Operation, Athmi Jayawardena, Lasantha Meegahapola, Duane A. Robinson, Sarath Perera

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers

The microgrid paradigm has gained much interest in the electricity industry due to the increased penetration of distributed resources. A grid-tied microgrid can be viewed as a single generating entity or a load depending on its power export and import at the grid supply point. Similar to conventional generators, grid-tied microgrids have the potential to be able to participate in the energy market in the future to achieve technical, financial and environmental benefits. Effective participation in the energy markets requires numerous planning tools and a comprehensive understanding of the full capability of the microgrid. This paper presents a systematic approach ...


Automated Detection Of Puffing And Smoking With Wrist Accelerometers, Qu Tang Jan 2015

Automated Detection Of Puffing And Smoking With Wrist Accelerometers, Qu Tang

Electrical and Computer Engineering Master's Theses

Real-time, automatic detection of smoking behavior could lead to novel measurement tools for smoking research and "just-in-time" interventions that may help people quit, reducing preventable deaths. This paper discusses the use of machine learning with wrist accelerometer data for automatic puffing and smoking detection. A two-layer smoking detection model is proposed that incorporates both low-level time domain features and high-level smoking topography such as inter-puff intervals and puff frequency to detect puffing then smoking. On a pilot dataset of 6 individuals observed for 11.8 total hours in real-life settings performing complex tasks while smoking, the model obtains a cross ...


Resource Management In Enterprise Cluster And Storage Systems, Jianzhe Tai Jan 2015

Resource Management In Enterprise Cluster And Storage Systems, Jianzhe Tai

Computer Engineering Dissertations

In this thesis, we present our works on resource management in large scale systems, especially for enterprise cluster and storage systems. Large-scale cluster systems become quite popular among a community of users by offering a variety of resources. Such systems require complex resource management schemes for multi-objective optimizations and should be specific to different system requirements. In addition, burstiness has often been found in enterprise workloads, being a key factor in performance degradation. Therefore, it is an extremely challenging problem of managing heterogeneous resources (e.g., computing, networking and storage) for such a large scale system under bursty conditions while ...


Detecting Body Cavity Bombs With Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance, Michael Collins Jan 2015

Detecting Body Cavity Bombs With Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance, Michael Collins

Electrical and Computer Engineering Master's Theses

Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (NQR) is a technology with great potential for detecting hidden explosives. Past NQR research has studied the detection of land mines and bombs concealed within luggage and packages. This thesis focuses on an NQR application that has received less attention and little or no publicly available research: detecting body cavity bombs (BCBs). BCBs include explosives that have been ingested, inserted into orifices, or surgically implanted. BCBs present a threat to aviation and secure facilities. They are extremely difficult to detect with the technology currently employed at security checkpoints.

To evaluate whether or not NQR can be used ...


The Development Of A Solar System Capable Of Producing 10% And 50% Of Bowling Greeen State University’S Total Electrical Requirements, Scott Subler Jan 2015

The Development Of A Solar System Capable Of Producing 10% And 50% Of Bowling Greeen State University’S Total Electrical Requirements, Scott Subler

Scott Subler

No abstract provided.


Coupled Discrete Element-Finite Difference Method For Analysing The Load-Deformation Behaviour Of A Single Stone Column In Soft Soil, Buddhima Indraratna, Ngoc Trung Ngo, Cholachat Rujikiatkamjorn, Scott W. Sloan Jan 2015

Coupled Discrete Element-Finite Difference Method For Analysing The Load-Deformation Behaviour Of A Single Stone Column In Soft Soil, Buddhima Indraratna, Ngoc Trung Ngo, Cholachat Rujikiatkamjorn, Scott W. Sloan

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers

Experimental studies and numerical modelling of the deformation of soft clay stabilised by stone columns have been conducted over the past few decades. Continuum-based numerical models have provided valuable insight into the prediction of settlement, lateral deformation, and stress and strain-rate dependent behaviour of stone columns at a macroscopic scale, but because they consist of granular material such as crushed rock, gravel, and waste rock aggregates, their behaviour is influenced by inter-particle micromechanics and cannot be modelled properly using these models. In this paper a novel coupled model of the discrete element method (DEM) and finite difference method (FDM) is ...


A Subspace Projection Approach For Wall Clutter Mitigation In Through-The-Wall Radar Imaging, Fok Hing Chi Tivive, Abdesselam Bouzerdoum, Moeness Amin Jan 2015

A Subspace Projection Approach For Wall Clutter Mitigation In Through-The-Wall Radar Imaging, Fok Hing Chi Tivive, Abdesselam Bouzerdoum, Moeness Amin

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers

One of the main challenges in through-the-wall radar imaging (TWRI) is the strong exterior wall returns, which tend to obscure indoor stationary targets, rendering target detection and classification difficult, if not impossible. In this paper, an effective wall clutter mitigation approach is proposed for TWRI that does not require knowledge of the background scene nor does it rely on accurate modeling and estimation of wall parameters. The proposed approach is based on the relative strength of the exterior wall returns compared to behind-wall targets. It applies singular value decomposition to the data matrix constructed from the space-frequency measurements to identify ...


Project Management Decisions With Uncertain Targets, Jeffrey Keisler, Robert Bordley Jan 2015

Project Management Decisions With Uncertain Targets, Jeffrey Keisler, Robert Bordley

Jeffrey Keisler

Project management decision rules presume that fixed and inflexible targets have been defined for the project. If a project's slack is defined as the difference between actual project performance and these targets, then these decision rules can be characterized as maximizing the probability that slack is non-negative (i.e., maximizing the probability of meeting the targets). These rules rely on z-scores to compare uncertain performance to target levels. Following these decision rules will not always suffice for the project manager to act consistently with customer preferences. In particular, actual requirements may be uncertain or subject to change, and customers ...


High-Performance Power-Efficient Solutions For Embedded Vision Computing, Hamed Tabkhivayghan Jan 2015

High-Performance Power-Efficient Solutions For Embedded Vision Computing, Hamed Tabkhivayghan

Computer Engineering Dissertations

Embedded vision is a top tier, rapidly growing market with a host of challenges and conflicting requirements. Complex algorithms can pose immense computation ( > 50GOPs) and communication ( > 8GB/s) demands, especially considering adaptive vision algorithms (which employ machine learning techniques and concurrently update a scene model). Yet at the same time, their embedded deployment demands low power operation consuming only a few Watts. Multiprocessor System-on-Chips (MPSoCs) have emerged as one main architecture approach to improve power efficiency while increasing computational performance. Still, current vision MPSoCs either shy away from supporting adaptive vision algorithms or operate at very limited resolutions due to ...


Application Of The Largest Lyapunov Exponent Algorithm For Feature Extraction In Low Speed Slew Bearing Condition Monitoring, Wahyu Caesarendra, Prabuono Buyung Kosasih, A Kiet Tieu, Craig A. S Moodie Jan 2015

Application Of The Largest Lyapunov Exponent Algorithm For Feature Extraction In Low Speed Slew Bearing Condition Monitoring, Wahyu Caesarendra, Prabuono Buyung Kosasih, A Kiet Tieu, Craig A. S Moodie

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers

This paper presents a new application of the largest Lyapunov exponent (LLE) algorithm for feature extraction method in low speed slew bearing condition monitoring. The LLE algorithm is employed to measure the degree of non-linearity of the vibration signal which is not easily monitored by existing methods. The method is able to detect changes in the condition of the bearing and demonstrates better tracking of the progressive deterioration of the bearing during the 139 measurement days than comparable methods such as the time domain feature methods based on root mean square (RMS), skewness and kurtosis extraction from the raw vibration ...


Oxide Scale Characterization Of Ferritic Stainless Steel And Its Deformation And Friction In Hot Rolling, Xiawei Cheng, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Liang Hao, Jingwei Zhao, Laizhu Jiang Jan 2015

Oxide Scale Characterization Of Ferritic Stainless Steel And Its Deformation And Friction In Hot Rolling, Xiawei Cheng, Zhengyi Jiang, Dongbin Wei, Liang Hao, Jingwei Zhao, Laizhu Jiang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers

The oxidation kinetics of ferritic stainless steel 430 was studied in dry and humid air at 1090 °C by Thermo Gravimetric Analysis (TGA). Different atmospheres and heating times were adopted for reheating to obtain different compositions and thickness of the oxide scale. Hot rolling was performed on a 2-high Hille 100 experimental rolling mill at various reductions. Oxide scale thickness and composition were analysed with optical microscopy (OM), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The surface profiles were examined by a digital microscope, and the topographic features of the thin oxide scale surface were examined with an atomic ...


Application Of Electromagnetic Waves In Blood Disorders And Diseases Diagnosis, Hossein Ameri Mahabadi, Hadi Aliakbarian, Mahmoud Moghavvemi Jan 2015

Application Of Electromagnetic Waves In Blood Disorders And Diseases Diagnosis, Hossein Ameri Mahabadi, Hadi Aliakbarian, Mahmoud Moghavvemi

Hossein Ameri Mahabadi

Electromagnetic Waves have various application in different areas of science and technology. Beside its main application in telecommunication, several other fields of applications such as agriculture [1], food [2], and health[3] have been proposed.

The latter, the non-ionizing application of electromagnetic waves, is the main focus of our chapter. This applications are of two types, either medical treatment or biomedical diagnosis of health problems. The latter such as non-contact detection of the vital signs), imaging (noninvasive breast cancer detection), medical sensors (such as those for identifying cancel cell aggressiveness grade), and measurement techniques for the electromagnetic exposure of biological ...


Wages And Employment Dynamics In Economies With Large Firms, Uncertainty And Labor Turnover Costs: A Viscosity Theory, Vathana Lyvath, Simone Scotti, Andrea Vindigni Dec 2014

Wages And Employment Dynamics In Economies With Large Firms, Uncertainty And Labor Turnover Costs: A Viscosity Theory, Vathana Lyvath, Simone Scotti, Andrea Vindigni

Andrea Vindigni

We present a dynamic general equilibrium model of the labor market, where large (i.e. multi-worker) firms, subject to a number of idiosyncratic productivity shocks (drawn inter alia from a large class of diffusion processes), bargain à la Stole-Zwiebel over wages, in presence of hiring and firing costs. Like wages, firms' entry decisions and labor market flows are also endogenous, and are computed in closed form. Closed form solutions are also available for the value functions of the firms, of the workers, and for the two barriers of the inaction range, which characterizes the optimal employment policy of firms. Formally ...


Application Of Ce-Qual-W2 On Tigris River In Iraq, Muhanned Al-Murib Dec 2014

Application Of Ce-Qual-W2 On Tigris River In Iraq, Muhanned Al-Murib

Civil and Environmental Engineering Master's Project Reports

The Tigris River is the eastern member of the two great rivers in Iraq. Two big rivers pass through Iraq, Mesopotamia. Tigris and Euphrates Rivers with their tributaries form a major river system in the Middle East. Four riparian countries, Turkey, Syria, Iran, and Iraq, share the Tigris River basin area and Iraq has the majority of this basin area. The total length of the Tigris is 1850 km from which 1418 km is within Iraq. A study area of 880 km from Mosul dam to Kut barrage is modeled using a water quality CE-QUAL-W2 model. CE-QUAL-W2 is a two-dimensional ...


Implementation Of A Sediment Transport Model For Ce-Qual-W2, Rachel Hanna Dec 2014

Implementation Of A Sediment Transport Model For Ce-Qual-W2, Rachel Hanna

Civil and Environmental Engineering Master's Project Reports

The CE-QUAL-W2 model, developed by Portland State University, simulates water quality and flow. Recommendations to expand on this model and have it include sediment transport are implemented in this report. Existing one-, two-, and three-dimensional models are reviewed and assessed for their sediment transport methodology. A laterally (width) averaged sediment concentration model is developed as an Upwind Center Space Scheme using CE-QUAL-W2 data. The scheme includes a method to calculate scour for sediment concentration and results of the model are shown for a simulated branch of the Spokane River.


A Reversible And Stable Flake-Like Licoo2 Cathode For Lithium Ion Batteries, Tao Wei, Rui Zeng, Yongming Sun, Yunhui Huang, Kevin Huang Dec 2014

A Reversible And Stable Flake-Like Licoo2 Cathode For Lithium Ion Batteries, Tao Wei, Rui Zeng, Yongming Sun, Yunhui Huang, Kevin Huang

Faculty Publications

A dense and thick flake-like cathode structure was demonstrated to have a preferential crystallographic orientation for Li+ migration and a better tolerance to cracking, both of which enable a reversible and stable capacity at moderate rates from 0.1 to 2 C.


روش تحقیق 1, Hadi Zayandehroodi Dec 2014

روش تحقیق 1, Hadi Zayandehroodi

Dr. Hadi Zayandehroodi

تحقيق عامل عمده رشد و توسعه جوامع بشري در ابعاد مختلف است. تحقيق در صنعت زيربناي ساختار صنعتي يك كشور است. در اهميت و ضرورت تحقيق همين بس كه امروزه بصورت يك شاخص در جهان در آمده و استقلال سياسي و اقتصادي ملت ها را در گرو خود قرار داده است. دانشمندان و محققان از جمله افراد كليدي در طول تاريخ بوده اند. شناخت تحقيق و فرآيند تحقيق كليد حل مسائلي است كه ذهن هر كسي را به خود مشغول مي دارد.


نحوه نگارش مقاله, Hadi Zayandehroodi Dec 2014

نحوه نگارش مقاله, Hadi Zayandehroodi

Dr. Hadi Zayandehroodi

موفقيت در انتشار مقاله های علمی و پژوهشی علاوه بر بهره مندی مؤلف آن از دانش تخصصی دربارۀ موضوع مورد مطالعه و تسلط بر مبانی نگارش، مستلزم آگاهی از قواعدی است كه آشنايی با اين قواعد از طريق آموزش اصول مقاله نويسی و ممارست در امر نگارش حاصل می شود.


Applying Probabilistic Methods To The Nato Military Load Classification System For Bridges, Andrew J. Macdonald Dec 2014

Applying Probabilistic Methods To The Nato Military Load Classification System For Bridges, Andrew J. Macdonald

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Military vehicles frequently use civilian bridges. The loading effects of military vehicles, both wheeled and tracked, are specific and different than those of civilian vehicles in normal traffic. Calibration to determine appropriate load factors for military loading of civilian bridges has not been fully performed and the corresponding levels of safety have not been quantified. This lack of calibration prevents the implementation of limit state design methods for military bridges and the evaluation bridges for military loading. This thesis quantifies probabilistically the single lane traffic load effects on interior girders of simply supported slab-on-girder bridges for three military vehicles in ...


روش تحقیق 1 (Research Methodology), Asadollah Kazemi Dec 2014

روش تحقیق 1 (Research Methodology), Asadollah Kazemi

Dr. ASADOLLAH KAZEMI

No abstract provided.