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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Explicit Solution Of The Large Amplitude Transverse Vibrations Of A Flexible String Under Constant Tension, Ali Nikkar, Reza Taghipour, Tohid Akhlaghi Sep 2014

Explicit Solution Of The Large Amplitude Transverse Vibrations Of A Flexible String Under Constant Tension, Ali Nikkar, Reza Taghipour, Tohid Akhlaghi

Ali Nikkar

This paper presents the analytical simulation of string with large amplitudes using the Variational Iteration Method (VIM) and Hamiltonian Approach (HA). In order to verify the precision of the presented methods, current results were compared with He’s Variational Approach and Runge-Kutta 4th order. It has been found that these methods are well suited for a range of parameters and the approximate frequencies and periodic solutions show a good agreement with other techniques. The results show that both methods can be easily extended to other nonlinear oscillations and it can be predicted that both methods can be found widely applicable ...


Assessment Of Policies For Innovative Financing In Infrastructure Systems, Ali Mostafavi, Dulcy Abraham, Charlene Sullivan Aug 2014

Assessment Of Policies For Innovative Financing In Infrastructure Systems, Ali Mostafavi, Dulcy Abraham, Charlene Sullivan

Infrastructure System-of-Systems (I-SoS ) Research Group

Infrastructure systems are drivers of the economy in the nation. A dollar spent on infrastructure development yields roughly double the initial spending in ultimate economic output in the short term; and over a twenty-year period, and generalized ‘public investment’ produces an aggregated $3.21 of economic activity per $1.00 spent [1]. Thus, formulation of policies pertaining to infrastructure investment and development is of significance affecting the social and economic wellbeing of the nation. The aim of this policy brief is to evaluate innovative financing in infrastructure systems from two different perspectives: (1) through consideration of the current condition of ...


Infrared Transmitting Glasses With High Glass Transition Temperatures, Steve W. Martin Jul 2014

Infrared Transmitting Glasses With High Glass Transition Temperatures, Steve W. Martin

Iowa State University Patents

A chalcogenide glass capable of infrared transmission which is either sulfur, selenium or tellurium based and consists of compositions of the formula MX+M.sub.2 'X.sub.3 +SiX.sub.2, wherein M is one of the metals calcium, strontium, barium, zinc and lead, and M' is either aluminum or gallium and X is either sulfur, selenium or tellurium. Aluminum or gallium chalcogenide acts to increase the covalent bonding network structure of the glass with the result being that excellent high temperature 8-14 micron IR transmitting glasses with transition temperatures above 500C are prepared.


Experimental And Numerical Investigation Of The Mechanism Of Blast Wave Transmission Through A Surrogate Head, Yi Hua, Praveen Akula, Linxia Gu, Jeff Berg, Carl A. Nelson Jul 2014

Experimental And Numerical Investigation Of The Mechanism Of Blast Wave Transmission Through A Surrogate Head, Yi Hua, Praveen Akula, Linxia Gu, Jeff Berg, Carl A. Nelson

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

This work is to develop an experiment-validated numerical model to elucidate the wave transmission mechanisms through a surrogate head under blast loading. Repeated shock tube tests were conducted on a surrogate head, i.e., water-filled polycarbonate shell. Surface strain on the skull simulant and pressure inside the brain simulant were recorded at multiple locations. A numerical model was developed to capture the shock wave propagation within the shock tube and the fluid-structure interaction between the shock wave and the surrogate head. The obtained numerical results were compared with the experimental measurements. The experiment-validated numerical model was then used to further ...


Frontal White Matter Integrity In Adults With Down Syndrome With And Without Dementia, David K. Powell, Allison Caban-Holt, Greg A. Jicha, William C. Robertson, Roberta Davis, Brian T. Gold, Frederick A. Schmitt, Elizabeth Head Jul 2014

Frontal White Matter Integrity In Adults With Down Syndrome With And Without Dementia, David K. Powell, Allison Caban-Holt, Greg A. Jicha, William C. Robertson, Roberta Davis, Brian T. Gold, Frederick A. Schmitt, Elizabeth Head

Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Spectroscopy Center Faculty Publications

Adults with Down syndrome (DS) are at high risk for developing Alzheimer's disease after the age of 40 years. To detect white matter (WM) changes in the brain linked to dementia, fractional anisotropy (FA) from diffusion tensor imaging was used. We hypothesized that adults with DS without dementia (DS n = 10), DS with dementia (DSAD n = 10) and age matched non-DS subjects (CTL n = 10) would show differential levels of FA and an association with scores from the Brief Praxis Test and the Severe Impairment Battery. WM integrity differences in DS compared with CTL were found predominantly in the ...


Study Of Nonlinear Vibration Of Euler-Bernoulli Beams By Using Analytical Approximate Techniques, Saman Bagheri, Ali Nikkar Jun 2014

Study Of Nonlinear Vibration Of Euler-Bernoulli Beams By Using Analytical Approximate Techniques, Saman Bagheri, Ali Nikkar

Ali Nikkar

In this paper, nonlinear responses of a clamped-clamped buckled beam are investigated. Two efficient and easy mathematical techniques called He’s Variational Approach and Laplace Iteration Method are used to solve the governing differential equation of motion. To assess the accuracy of solutions, we compare the results with the Runge-Kutta 4th order. The results show that both methods can be easily extended to other nonlinear oscillations and it can be predicted that both methods can be found widely applicable in engineering and physics.


Fault Locating In Large Distribution Systems By Empirical Mode Decomposition And Core Vector Regression, Benyamin Khorramdel Mr., Hesamoddin Marzooghi Mr., Haidar Samet Dr., Meisam Pourahmadi-Nakhli Mr., Mahdi Raoofat Dr. Jun 2014

Fault Locating In Large Distribution Systems By Empirical Mode Decomposition And Core Vector Regression, Benyamin Khorramdel Mr., Hesamoddin Marzooghi Mr., Haidar Samet Dr., Meisam Pourahmadi-Nakhli Mr., Mahdi Raoofat Dr.

Hesamoddin Marzooghi

This paper proposes an intelligent fault locating method using a new signal analysis technique called Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD) and Core Vector Regression (CVR) for large distribution systems. The conventional fault locators are based on the measurement of post-fault line impedance suffering from the factors such as path fault impedance, system configuration and line loading, so that they have low accuracy. On the other hand, because of the vast range of resistances, the negative impact of damping factors affects the performance of travelling wave-based fault locators in large distribution systems. To overcome these problems, this paper uses a minimum measuring ...


Decaf: A New Event Detection Logic For The Purpose Of Fusing Delineated-Continuous Spatial Information, Kerry Q. Hart May 2014

Decaf: A New Event Detection Logic For The Purpose Of Fusing Delineated-Continuous Spatial Information, Kerry Q. Hart

Computer Science and Engineering: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Geospatial information fusion is the process of synthesizing information from complementary data sources located at different points in space and time. Spatial phenomena are often measured at discrete locations by sensor networks, technicians, and volunteers; yet decisions often require information about locations where direct measurements do not exist. Traditional methods assume the spatial phenomena to be either discrete or continuous, an assumption that underlies and informs all subsequent analysis. Yet certain phenomena defy this dichotomy, alternating as they move across spatial and temporal scales. Precipitation, for example, appears continuous at large scales, but it can be temporally decomposed into discrete ...


The Astral Box, Patrick C. Davis, Marshall J. Underwood, Zack R. Hicks, Jahan Z. Hussaini May 2014

The Astral Box, Patrick C. Davis, Marshall J. Underwood, Zack R. Hicks, Jahan Z. Hussaini

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Object Tracking By Pan Tilt System, Lily Hoang May 2014

Object Tracking By Pan Tilt System, Lily Hoang

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Machine Learning Analysis Of Peripheral Physiology For Emotion Detection, Sarah M. Brown May 2014

Machine Learning Analysis Of Peripheral Physiology For Emotion Detection, Sarah M. Brown

Electrical and Computer Engineering Master's Theses

Peripheral physiological signals have shown promise as a measure of a person's emotional state. There are many applications where a more quantitative evaluation of an individual's mental state would be beneficial. For example, in PTSD or depression diagnosis, a quantitative measure to assist and compliment the qualitative assessments conducted by clinicians could reduce the time involved in treatment planning. A better understanding of the underlying mechanism is necessary for building systems that use these signals to assist in critical decision making.

Previous work in emotion research has relied upon averaging in time and then applying standard significance tests ...


Active Sensing For Dynamic, Non-Holonomic, Robust Visual Servoing, Avik De, Karl S. Bayer, Daniel E. Koditschek May 2014

Active Sensing For Dynamic, Non-Holonomic, Robust Visual Servoing, Avik De, Karl S. Bayer, Daniel E. Koditschek

Departmental Papers (ESE)

We consider the problem of visually servoing a legged vehicle with unicycle-like nonholonomic constraints subject to second-order fore-aft dynamics in its horizontal plane. We target applications to rugged environments characterized by complex terrain likely to perturb significantly the robot’s nominal dynamics. At the same time, it is crucial that the camera avoid “obstacle” poses where absolute localization would be compromised by even partial loss of landmark visibility. Hence, we seek a controller whose robustness against disturbances and obstacle avoidance capabilities can be assured by a strict global Lyapunov function. Since the nonholonomic constraints preclude smooth point stabilizability we introduce ...


Response Of Large River Fishes To A Prolonged High Water Event In The Missouri River, Nebraska, Nicholas Paul Hogberg May 2014

Response Of Large River Fishes To A Prolonged High Water Event In The Missouri River, Nebraska, Nicholas Paul Hogberg

Dissertations & Theses in Natural Resources

Regulation and modification of large rivers to accommodate human uses have been a root cause of freshwater biodiversity declines. The Missouri River is among the most drastically-altered large river systems in North America, with a series of mainstem impoundments in the upper watershed altering flow characteristics downstream, and channelization throughout the lower river homogenizing instream habitat and reducing off-channel habitat. Precipitation events during the winter and spring 2010-2011 caused flooding of the greatest magnitude and duration since reservoir completion. The large magnitude and long duration of this flood made it unlike any flood in recent history and provided a unique ...


Volatile Organic Compounds (Vocs) In Indoor Air: Emission From Consumer Products And The Use Of Plants For Air Sampling, Todd A. Wetzel May 2014

Volatile Organic Compounds (Vocs) In Indoor Air: Emission From Consumer Products And The Use Of Plants For Air Sampling, Todd A. Wetzel

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Indoor air concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), including many with documented adverse health effects, vary widely but are generally higher than found outdoors. Volatile organic compounds can enter indoor environments via internal (e.g. paints, paint strippers, fuels, cleaning supplies, pesticides, building materials, adhesives) and external sources (e.g. vapor intrusion (VI) from contaminated soil and/or groundwater and ambient air from automobiles and industrial facilities). Since many consumer products contain volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that are also the focus of soil and groundwater cleanup projects, emissions of these VOCs can lead to false source identifications during VI investigations ...


Essence Reflection Meetings: Field Study, Cécile Péraire, Todd Sedano May 2014

Essence Reflection Meetings: Field Study, Cécile Péraire, Todd Sedano

Cécile Péraire

This paper presents an empirical evaluation of the team reflection support provided by the Software Engineering Method and Theory (SEMAT) Essence framework, and compares Essence reflection meetings to other types of team reflection meetings. The researchers conducted a field study involving seven graduate master student teams running Essence reflection meetings throughout their practicum projects aiming at delivering a working product for an industry client. The main result validates that Essence meetings generate reflective team discussions through a thinking framework that is holistic, state-based, goal- driven, and method-agnostic. Student teams benefit from stepping back and assessing the project holistically throughout its ...


The Folklore Of Herbs, Lisa K. Miller Apr 2014

The Folklore Of Herbs, Lisa K. Miller

DLPS Faculty Publications

This Powerpoint presentation is a stroll through the herb gardens of history, and reveals how our ancestors used herbs and what their beliefs were surrounding them.


A Junction Tree Based Reinforcement Learning Algorithm For Coordinated Multi Agent Systems To Solve Network Level Signal Control Problems, Feng Zhu, Husain M. Abdul Aziz, Zinwu Qian, Satish Ukkusuri Apr 2014

A Junction Tree Based Reinforcement Learning Algorithm For Coordinated Multi Agent Systems To Solve Network Level Signal Control Problems, Feng Zhu, Husain M. Abdul Aziz, Zinwu Qian, Satish Ukkusuri

Purdue Road School

No abstract provided.


A Meta-Heuristic Approach To Reposition Bicycles In A Public Bicycle Sharing System, Binh Luong, Pulkit Parikh, Satish Ukkusuri Apr 2014

A Meta-Heuristic Approach To Reposition Bicycles In A Public Bicycle Sharing System, Binh Luong, Pulkit Parikh, Satish Ukkusuri

Purdue Road School

No abstract provided.


Concrete Conductivity: Effects Of Temperature, Saturation And Air Content, Parth Panchmatia, Jan Olek, Nancy Whiting, Mike Byers, Tommy Nantung Apr 2014

Concrete Conductivity: Effects Of Temperature, Saturation And Air Content, Parth Panchmatia, Jan Olek, Nancy Whiting, Mike Byers, Tommy Nantung

Purdue Road School

No abstract provided.


Examining The Impact Of Pavement Rehabilitation Trigger Values And Annual Rehabilitation Funding On The Long-Term Network-Level Pavement Condition: A Case Study With The Indiana State Urban Road Network, Menna Noureldin, Jon D. Fricker, Kumares C. Sinha Apr 2014

Examining The Impact Of Pavement Rehabilitation Trigger Values And Annual Rehabilitation Funding On The Long-Term Network-Level Pavement Condition: A Case Study With The Indiana State Urban Road Network, Menna Noureldin, Jon D. Fricker, Kumares C. Sinha

Purdue Road School

Management of highway assets, including pavements, is immensely challenging in an era of uncertain funding for transportation agencies and higher service expectations from the public. Furthermore, the maintenance of pavement assets in good serviceable condition is one of the most cost-intensive operations for a highway agency.

Between 1996 and 2008, the Indiana DOT spending on improvement of pavement assets fluctuated between 35% and 50% of its asset management budget annually (Everett2012). Therefore, pavement managers are constantly exploring strategies to fulfill their mission of maintaining roads in good condition with the minimumbudget. Strategies may include examining the effectiveness of individual pavement ...


Winter Storm Interstate Travel Times (January 5, 2014 Storm), Michelle Mekker, Darcy M. Bullock Apr 2014

Winter Storm Interstate Travel Times (January 5, 2014 Storm), Michelle Mekker, Darcy M. Bullock

Purdue Road School

No abstract provided.


Mobile Tools For Ltap Centers, Indiana Ltap Apr 2014

Mobile Tools For Ltap Centers, Indiana Ltap

Purdue Road School

No abstract provided.


I-65/I-70 South Split Pavement Reconstruction: Documentation & Quantitative Analysis Using Time Lapse Photography, Steven Lavrenz, Teresa Morris, Darcy M. Bullock Apr 2014

I-65/I-70 South Split Pavement Reconstruction: Documentation & Quantitative Analysis Using Time Lapse Photography, Steven Lavrenz, Teresa Morris, Darcy M. Bullock

Purdue Road School

No abstract provided.


Graphical Performance Measures For Practitioners To Triage Split Failure Trouble Calls, Richard S. Freije, Alexander M. Hainen, Amanda L. Stevens, Howell Li, W Benjamin Smith, Hayley Summers, Christopher M. Day, James R. Sturdevant, Darcy M. Bullock Apr 2014

Graphical Performance Measures For Practitioners To Triage Split Failure Trouble Calls, Richard S. Freije, Alexander M. Hainen, Amanda L. Stevens, Howell Li, W Benjamin Smith, Hayley Summers, Christopher M. Day, James R. Sturdevant, Darcy M. Bullock

Purdue Road School

Detector occupancy is commonly used to measure traffic signal performance. Despite improvements in controller computational power, there have been relatively few innovations in occupancy-based performance measures or integration with other data. This paper introduces and demonstrates the use of graphical performance measures based on detector occupancy ratios to verify potential split failures and other signal timing shortcomings reported to practitioners by the public. The proposed performance measures combine detector occupancy during the green phase, detector occupancy during the first five seconds of the red phase, and phase termination cause (gap out or force off). These are summarized by time of ...


"Elemental Decomposition And Multi-Criteria Method For Valuing Transportation Infrastructure Elemental Decomposition And Multi-Criteria Method For Valuing Transportation Infrastructure ", Michelle S. Dojutrek, Samuel Labi Apr 2014

"Elemental Decomposition And Multi-Criteria Method For Valuing Transportation Infrastructure Elemental Decomposition And Multi-Criteria Method For Valuing Transportation Infrastructure ", Michelle S. Dojutrek, Samuel Labi

Purdue Road School

No abstract provided.


Ptsa Doped Conducting Graphene/Polyaniline Nanocomposite Fibers: Thermoelectric Behavior And Electrode Analysis, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, M. O. Ansari, S. A. Ansari, M. I. Amal, J Lee, M. H. Cho Apr 2014

Ptsa Doped Conducting Graphene/Polyaniline Nanocomposite Fibers: Thermoelectric Behavior And Electrode Analysis, Mohammad Mansoob Khan Dr, M. O. Ansari, S. A. Ansari, M. I. Amal, J Lee, M. H. Cho

Dr. Mohammad Mansoob Khan

Highly conducting graphene/polyaniline (GN@Pani) nanocomposite was prepared by the in-situ oxidative polymerization of aniline in the presence of GN and the surfactant, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB). The micellar structure of CTAB assisted both, the formation of GN@Pani tubules and the dispersion of GN. Sheet-like GN was distributed uniformly in the Pani matrix, leading to high electrical conductivity because of the π-π interactions between Pani and GN. Studies of the thermoelectrical behavior using isothermal and cyclic aging techniques showed that GN@Pani possessed a high combination of electrical conductivity and thermal stability, even beyond 150°C. GN@Pani was ...


Hvac Chapter 5, Dr Alireza Zolfaghari Apr 2014

Hvac Chapter 5, Dr Alireza Zolfaghari

Dr Alireza Zolfaghari

No abstract provided.


Pressure Hydrometallurgy, Fathi Habashi Apr 2014

Pressure Hydrometallurgy, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Pressure Hydrometallurgy is a supplement to the author’s Textbook of Hydrometallugy [second edition 1999]. It is an update to the new processes described in the literature dealing with recovering metals from ores and concentrates using this technology. Great progress was made in this field that necessitated this review.


Talk To Me: Using Ohms To Index An Oral History Project, Lisa Karen Miller Apr 2014

Talk To Me: Using Ohms To Index An Oral History Project, Lisa Karen Miller

DLPS Faculty Publications

The presentation discusses using the University of Kentucky's Oral History Metadata Synchronizer to index the interviews comprising the Western Kentucky University Libraries Oral History Project, conducted by Lisa Karen Miller in 2013.


Celebration Of Research, Scholarship, And Creative Activities, Wright State University Office Of Undergraduate Research And Stemm Activities Apr 2014

Celebration Of Research, Scholarship, And Creative Activities, Wright State University Office Of Undergraduate Research And Stemm Activities

Celebration of Research, Scholarship, and Creative Activities

The student abstract booklet is a compilation of abstracts from students' oral and poster presentations at Wright State University's second annual Celebration of Research, Scholarship and Creative Activities on April 11, 2014.