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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Below-Grade Structural Flexibility Study For Seismic-Resistant, Self-Centering, Concentrically- Braced Frames, Derek A.J. Hauff Jan 2016

Below-Grade Structural Flexibility Study For Seismic-Resistant, Self-Centering, Concentrically- Braced Frames, Derek A.J. Hauff

Honors Research Projects

Self-centering, concentrically braced frames (SC-CBFs) are seismic-resistant lateral-load resisting systems for buildings that increase the lateral drift capacity in comparison to conventional CBFs. Two different substructures were examined on a six-story and a ten-story building to see which below grade structure was more efficient and how the flexibility from the addition of a basement compares to previous research of SC-CBFs structures without basements.

The study was completed in phases: modeling of forces in SAP2000, sizing of structural members, coding of structure into the modeling program Open System for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (OpenSees), and comparison of the output data.

Substructure one ...


Simulation Of An Air Cooled Single-Effect Solar Absorption Cooling System With Evacuated Tube Collectors, Mohsen Jahandardoost Dec 2015

Simulation Of An Air Cooled Single-Effect Solar Absorption Cooling System With Evacuated Tube Collectors, Mohsen Jahandardoost

UNLV Theses/Dissertations/Professional Papers/Capstones

Consistently increasing CO2 emission and ozone depletion from synthetic refrigerants are serious environmental issues challenging the scientific community. Absorption cooling systems give scope of utilizing low grade energy source for generating cooling effect. Solar energy is one of these low grade energy sources and with considering the fact that cooling demand increases with the intensity of solar radiation, solar refrigeration has been considered as a logical solution.

This thesis consists of two different simulation stages, in the first stage, a single effect lithium bromide absorption cooling system with constant cooling capacity is modeled and the effect of ambient and generator ...


Zero Energy Ready Multifamily Dwellings For The Redevelopment Of Downtown Knoxville, Tn, William Twickler, Ben Webb, Georgia White Dec 2015

Zero Energy Ready Multifamily Dwellings For The Redevelopment Of Downtown Knoxville, Tn, William Twickler, Ben Webb, Georgia White

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Prospective Doctoral Statment For The University Of Southern California's School Of Cinematic Arts Media Arts + Practice Program, Gabriel Leiner Oct 2015

Prospective Doctoral Statment For The University Of Southern California's School Of Cinematic Arts Media Arts + Practice Program, Gabriel Leiner

Gabriel Leiner

After visiting L.A. again and seeing the beautiful fountains on University of Southern California campus I am filled with all kinds of ideas about the future and brimming with energy. To all those at the University of Southern California's Cinematic Arts Department, thanks for reading my ideas over the past couple years and helping me to evolve and become a better person and a better writer. Starting a position as a doctoral student in the Media Arts + Practice Program in 2016 is an exciting opportunity. I've got a really positive outlook about Kiss The Water.


Monitoring Of Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Toxins Via Miniaturized Electrochemical Assemblies, Thaddaeus Webster Aug 2015

Monitoring Of Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Toxins Via Miniaturized Electrochemical Assemblies, Thaddaeus Webster

Chemical Engineering Dissertations

The production of pyocyanin from the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa was probed using a variety of miniaturized electrochemical systems. Goal 1 used disposable screen printed carbon electrodes to measure pyocyanin in medically relevant samples showing for the first time that pyocyanin can be detected at medically relevant concentrations (1-100 µM) without sample processing. Goal 2 coupled these same electrodes with Polydimethylsiloxane growth chambers to expose P. aeruginosa biofilms to varying concentrations of colistin sulphate. A reduction in electrochemical signal from pyocyanin, of approximately 80% when exposed to 100 mg/L colistin sulphate, highlights this molecules relation to biofilm health. Goal ...


Three-Dimensional Scaffolds Of Graphene, Carbon Nanotubes And Transition-Metal Oxides For Applications In Electronics, Sensors And Energy Storage, Gilbert N. Mbah Aug 2015

Three-Dimensional Scaffolds Of Graphene, Carbon Nanotubes And Transition-Metal Oxides For Applications In Electronics, Sensors And Energy Storage, Gilbert N. Mbah

Student Research Projects, Dissertations, and Theses - Chemistry Department

Electronics, sensors and energy storage devices are the new waves behind economic development, security and communication1. Engineering small sizes of electronic, sensors and energy storage devices is the hurdle limiting efficient, portable and vast applications of Nano-devices for economic, security and communication advancement2. Silicon the major material used in transistors has approached its limit to fabricated Nano-devices3. The discovery of free standing, one atomic layer thick and two-dimensional graphene sheets with high conductivity, inert, high specific surface area, stable and high tensile strength material in 2004 has shown capabilities to replaced silicon in electronics, sensors and energy ...


Spontaneous Firing Of Sensory Neurons Modulates The Gain In The Downstream Circuit Of A Simple Olfactory System, Matthew O'Neill Aug 2015

Spontaneous Firing Of Sensory Neurons Modulates The Gain In The Downstream Circuit Of A Simple Olfactory System, Matthew O'Neill

Engineering and Applied Science Theses & Dissertations

In locusts and other insects, odorants are transduced into electrical signal by the olfactory receptor neurons and transmitted to central circuits for further processing. Previous studies have shown that exogenous variables (e.g., flow rates, humidity, temperature, odor mixtures, etc.) can influence the responses of the sensory neurons and therefore modulate the central circuits. However, how the sensory neuron activity is manipulated to achieve adaptive gain control in the following circuit is yet to be understood. It is possible that the magnitude of the stimulus-evoked response in the receptor neurons, their spontaneous activity, or both of these factors can change ...


Bringing Football Back To Los Angeles, Gabriel G. Leiner Mr. Jul 2015

Bringing Football Back To Los Angeles, Gabriel G. Leiner Mr.

Gabriel Leiner

Identifying a suitable parcel for a large scale professional football stadium in the greater Los Angeles, CA area, which does not conflict with current uses, environmental protection codes, or airspace rights, and also has adequate transportation access and nearby populated neighborhoods.


Data And Analytics For Neighborhood Development: Smart Shrinkage Decision Modeling In Baltimore, Maryland, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Justin Hollander, Eliza D. Whiteman Jul 2015

Data And Analytics For Neighborhood Development: Smart Shrinkage Decision Modeling In Baltimore, Maryland, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Justin Hollander, Eliza D. Whiteman

Michael P. Johnson

Many older cities in the United States confront the problem of long-term declines in population and economic activity resulting in blighted conditions that make conventional revitalization initiatives unlikely to succeed. Smart shrinkage, a planning approach that emphasizes alternative land uses while preserving quality of life, offers a way for cities to remain desirable places to live and work. However, there is little research on empirical methods to support planning decisions consistent with smart shrinkage.

We present results from two studies with planners from the City of Baltimore that provide novel insights regarding ways in which planners can perform vacant property ...


Agenda: Innovations In Managing Western Water: New Approaches For Balancing Environmental, Social, And Economic Outcomes, University Of Colorado Boulder. Getches Wilkinson Center For Natural Resources, Energy, And The Environment Jun 2015

Agenda: Innovations In Managing Western Water: New Approaches For Balancing Environmental, Social, And Economic Outcomes, University Of Colorado Boulder. Getches Wilkinson Center For Natural Resources, Energy, And The Environment

Innovations in Managing Western Water: New Approaches for Balancing Environmental, Social and Economic Outcomes (Martz Summer Conference, June 11-12)

Many aspects of western water allocation and management are the product of independent and uncoordinated actions, several occurring a century or more ago. However, in this modern era of water scarcity, it is increasingly acknowledged that more coordinated and deliberate decision-making is necessary for effectively balancing environmental, social, and economic objectives. In recent years, a variety of forums, processes, and tools have emerged to better manage the connections between regions, sectors, and publics linked by shared water systems. In this event, we explore the cutting edge efforts, the latest points of contention, and the opportunities for further progress.


The Crossroads Of Embracing Content Management: Using The Beaglebone Black Microcomputer To Host Omeka., Michael D. Wells, Craig Rosenbeck Jun 2015

The Crossroads Of Embracing Content Management: Using The Beaglebone Black Microcomputer To Host Omeka., Michael D. Wells, Craig Rosenbeck

Annual Conference on Information and Religion

As organizations are concerned about managing their content, it would be advantageous to know alternatives to outsourcing the content management to "the cloud". When decisions need to made because of budget or staffing restrictions, alternative solutions can be a challenge. The purpose of this presentation is to explore an alternative solution to host digital content in house for small libraries. This work seeks to explore using the single board computer called "BeagleBone Black", to host the institutional repository software Omeka. There are advantages to being able to host organizational content in house, and this solution could be an alternative that ...


Decision Science For Housing And Community Development: Localized And Evidence‐Based Responses To Distressed Housing And Blighted Communities, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Jeffrey Keisler, Senay Solak, David Turcotte, Armagan Bayram, Rachel B. Drew Jun 2015

Decision Science For Housing And Community Development: Localized And Evidence‐Based Responses To Distressed Housing And Blighted Communities, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Jeffrey Keisler, Senay Solak, David Turcotte, Armagan Bayram, Rachel B. Drew

Michael P. Johnson

This book will present decision models and applications to an important contemporary issue in urban housing and community development: local responses to the foreclosure crisis. The roots of this book are a National Science Foundation-funded project as well as an antecedent pilot project that served as a response to a phenomenon with multiple causes and large-scale and wide-ranging impacts on people, communities and markets worldwide, including in urbanized areas of the United States. The book will demonstrate that a diverse set of decision models, developed to respond to the recent foreclosure crisis in the US, can contribute to emerging scholarship ...


18 - تحليل انرژي استفاده از نماي دوپوسته داراي مواد تغيير فاز دهنده در يک ساختمان بلندمرتبه در شرايط اقليمي تهران, Alireza Zolfaghari, Mehran Saadati Nasab, Elaheh Noroozi Jajarm Jun 2015

18 - تحليل انرژي استفاده از نماي دوپوسته داراي مواد تغيير فاز دهنده در يک ساختمان بلندمرتبه در شرايط اقليمي تهران, Alireza Zolfaghari, Mehran Saadati Nasab, Elaheh Noroozi Jajarm

Dr Alireza Zolfaghari

No abstract provided.


Pl-X (Roborodentia), Kelly Leung, William Luo, Jeffrey Tang Jun 2015

Pl-X (Roborodentia), Kelly Leung, William Luo, Jeffrey Tang

Computer Engineering

Pl-x is the name of the robot that will be competing in Roborodentia, an annual autonomous robot competition. This year the competition involves moving rings from one end of a course to the opposite end of the course.


Influencing Factors For Use Of Unmanned Aerial Systems In Support Of Aviation Accident And Emergency Response, Brent Terwilliger, Dennis Vincenzi, David Ison, Kenneth Witcher, David Thirtyacre, Adeel Khalid Jun 2015

Influencing Factors For Use Of Unmanned Aerial Systems In Support Of Aviation Accident And Emergency Response, Brent Terwilliger, Dennis Vincenzi, David Ison, Kenneth Witcher, David Thirtyacre, Adeel Khalid

Department of Graduate Studies - Worldwide

"The purpose of this research paper was to examine the influencing factors associated with the use of unmanned aerial system (UAS) technology to support aviation accident and emergency response. The ability of first responders to react to an emergency is dependent on the quality, accuracy, timeliness, and usability of information. With aviation accidents such as the Asiana Airlines Flight 214 crash at San Francisco International Airport, the ability to sense and communicate the location of victims may reduce the potential for accidental passenger death. Furthermore, the ability to obtain information en-route to an accident may also to assist to reduce ...


Antics: A Cross-Platform Mobile Game, Gerren D. Willis Jun 2015

Antics: A Cross-Platform Mobile Game, Gerren D. Willis

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Recent technologies have made it increasingly easier for independent developers to build and deploy gaming applications for mobile devices. The focus of this master's project is to investigate one such set of technologies, which include Adobe AIR, Starling and Feathers, that allow games to be written in ActionScript and run on both Android and iOS devices. For this purpose, I chose to use these technologies to design and implement the game ANTics proposed by Whim Independent Studios, a start up game studio in San Bernardino. ANTics is written in ActionScript and runs on Adobe AIR. It can be deployed ...


Who Do You Think You Are?, Kiana Roppe, Madison Jerde, Clayton Anderson May 2015

Who Do You Think You Are?, Kiana Roppe, Madison Jerde, Clayton Anderson

Ethos

After earning his Master's Degree in Aerospace Engineering from Iowa State in 1983, Clayton Anderson, Senior Faculty Fellow, got a job that's out of this world: He became an astronaut.


Best Practices For Designing An Undergraduate Engineering Curriculum, Subrata Das, Komal K. Das, Krishna Singh May 2015

Best Practices For Designing An Undergraduate Engineering Curriculum, Subrata Das, Komal K. Das, Krishna Singh

Journal of Research Initiatives

This article offer examples of best practices for planning instructional learning within the naturalistic setting and based on real learning experiences. The inquiry, based on practices and strategies proven successful in an undergraduate engineering class is the focus of this best practices article. This article is also a useful guide for administrators, practitioners, and undergraduate educators who make decisions on instructional delivery and scholarship. The instructional activities offer core instruction and curriculum modules on best practices for effective college instruction.


Potable Water Production From Third River In Nasiriyah City, Ahmed Faiq Al-Alawy, Jaafar Jabbar Madlool, Ali Ibrahim Neamah May 2015

Potable Water Production From Third River In Nasiriyah City, Ahmed Faiq Al-Alawy, Jaafar Jabbar Madlool, Ali Ibrahim Neamah

The Hilltop Review

The present work aims to study the efficiency of coagulation/ flocculation as pretreatment then using membrane technology, microfiltration (MF) and Reverse Osmosis (RO), for treatment of water of Third River in Nasiriyah city in Iraq. Effects of operating parameters such as coagulant dosage, speed and time of slow mixing step and settling time in the pretreatment stage were studied. Also feed turbidity and TSS in the MF stage were studied. Also feed concentration, temperature and operating time, in the RO stage were studied. The results showed that the optimum dosage for alum was 40, 45 and 50 ppm. While, for ...


Predictive Modeling Of Oxygen Transmission Through Micro-Perforations For Packaging Applications, Ayman Abdellatief, Bruce A. Welt, Jason Butler, Eric Mclamore, Arthur Teixeira, Sanjay Shukla May 2015

Predictive Modeling Of Oxygen Transmission Through Micro-Perforations For Packaging Applications, Ayman Abdellatief, Bruce A. Welt, Jason Butler, Eric Mclamore, Arthur Teixeira, Sanjay Shukla

Journal of Applied Packaging Research

Methods for creating precise perforations in respiring produce packaging are being increasingly adopted. Knowledge of oxygen transfer through perforated packaging and oxygen distribution in packages is necessary for successful packaging design of fresh produce. An approach to modeling perforated packaging performance was developed using a cylindrical chamber with precision perforations using Fick’s second law. The model was simulated using two techniques including Finite Element Method (FEM) using commercially available software and Finite Volume Method (FVM) through programming. Perforations were approximated as a source term in the second method. Both simulation techniques showed trends similar to experimental data.


Global Sensitivity Analysis Applied To Model Inversion Problems: A Contribution To Rail Condition Monitoring, René Schenkendorf, Jörn Groos May 2015

Global Sensitivity Analysis Applied To Model Inversion Problems: A Contribution To Rail Condition Monitoring, René Schenkendorf, Jörn Groos

René Schenkendorf

Rising demands on railroad infrastructure operator by means of profitability and punctuality call for advanced concepts of Prognostics and Health Management. Condition based preventive maintenance aims at strengthening the rail mode of transport through an optimized scheduling of maintenance actions based on the actual and prognosticated infrastructure condition, respectively. When applying model-based algorithms within the framework of Prognostics and Health Management unknown model parameters have to be identified first. Which of these parameters should be known as precisely as possible can be figured out systematically by a sensitivity analysis. A comprehensive global sensitivity analysis, however, might be prohibitive by means ...


حفاظت پیشرفته سیستم های قدرت, Hadi Zayandehroodi May 2015

حفاظت پیشرفته سیستم های قدرت, Hadi Zayandehroodi

Dr. Hadi Zayandehroodi

No abstract provided.


Exploring The Chemistry Of Phosphorus For Photopolymer Applications, Ryan Guterman May 2015

Exploring The Chemistry Of Phosphorus For Photopolymer Applications, Ryan Guterman

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Prior to this thesis, phosphorus-containing polymers and photopolymerization represented two distinct, non-overlapping fields of study. This thesis examined the prospect of combining these two approaches to create a system possessing the benefits of both techniques. By exploiting the chemistry of phosphorus, and using photopolymerization as a fabrication method, new materials were developed and assessed for their use in various applications.

Among the many phosphorus compounds that may be used in polymer science, phosphonium salts and primary phosphines were of specific focus. First, highly fluorinated phosphonium monomers were developed to create photopolymerized hydrophobic surfaces. A structure-activity relationship was established, as both ...


Using A Social-Ethical Framework To Evaluate Location-Based Services In An Internet Of Things World, Roba Abbas, Katina Michael, Mg Michael May 2015

Using A Social-Ethical Framework To Evaluate Location-Based Services In An Internet Of Things World, Roba Abbas, Katina Michael, Mg Michael

Associate Professor Katina Michael

The idea for an Internet of Things has matured since its inception as a concept in 1999. People today speak openly of a Web of Things and People, and even more broadly of an Internet of Everything. As our relationships become more and more complex and enmeshed, through the use of advanced technologies, we have pondered on ways to simplify flows of communications, to collect meaningful data, and use them to make timely decisions with respect to optimisation and efficiency. At their core, these flows of communications are pathways to registers of interaction, and tell the intricate story of outputs ...


An Exploratory Scenario For San Francisco To Become A Walking, Bicycling And Transit City, Chaowen Huang May 2015

An Exploratory Scenario For San Francisco To Become A Walking, Bicycling And Transit City, Chaowen Huang

Master's Projects

The effects of greenhouse gases (GHGs) on global warming and climate change have become increasingly evident, and the transportation sector is a dominant contributor to GHG emissions which responsible for 13% of the world’s total GHG emissions and more than 21% of overall energy-related CO2 emissions. Cities need sustainable transportation system that integrate new technologies and strategies to provide efficient and effective transit service while reducing its GHG emission and improving its livability. This paper explores a suitable and sustainable transportation scenario for San Francisco to achieve its 2035 goal which is to reduce 1,767,500 metric ...


Preliminary Evaluation Of The Disease Surveillance System During Influenza Outbreaks Of Pandemic Scale, Eric Meisheri, Diana M. Prieto, Peter Holvenstot, Richard Vanenk May 2015

Preliminary Evaluation Of The Disease Surveillance System During Influenza Outbreaks Of Pandemic Scale, Eric Meisheri, Diana M. Prieto, Peter Holvenstot, Richard Vanenk

Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research

In the United States it is currently unknown whether the influenza surveillance system is capable of producing timely and accurate data for case estimation during an outbreak of pandemic scale. This simulation provides a preliminary evaluation of the surveillance system’s ability to collect data and produce timely and accurate trends of cases confirmed with an influenza virus. For the evaluation, a computer-based simulation of the data-collection process was used, which was validated with real demographic and epidemiologic information. The results were analyzed to determine the most significant behavioral and operational factors influencing the data collection and to propose the ...


Presentation On Evaluating The Creation And Preservation Challenges Of Photogrammetry-Based 3d Models, Michael J. Bennett May 2015

Presentation On Evaluating The Creation And Preservation Challenges Of Photogrammetry-Based 3d Models, Michael J. Bennett

UConn Libraries Presentations

No abstract provided.


A Stand-Alone Dna Hybridization Detection System, Sinan S. Sayood May 2015

A Stand-Alone Dna Hybridization Detection System, Sinan S. Sayood

Electrical Engineering Theses and Dissertations

The goal of this project was to design a portable device that can quickly and accurately detect the dierence between single and double stranded DNA. This was accomplished by analyzing the capacitive properties of DNA solutions and implementing a charge-based capacitive monitoring system to detect and analyze the solutions. The detection system was designed without reliance on expensive functionalized electrodes, and instead is able to detect the properties of free- oating DNA. This approach greatly reduces the cost of the materials needed to construct the device. It also decouples the main sensor apparatus from the bulk of the electronics, reducing ...


Design And Development Of Personal Geoservices For Universities, James Carswell, Andrea Ballatore, Thoa Pham, Junjun Yin, Linh Truonghong May 2015

Design And Development Of Personal Geoservices For Universities, James Carswell, Andrea Ballatore, Thoa Pham, Junjun Yin, Linh Truonghong

Books/Book chapters

Personal GeoServices are emerging as an interaction paradigm linking users to information rich environments like a university campus or to Big Data sources like the Internet of Things by delivering spatially intelligent web-services. OpenStreetMap (OSM) constitutes a valuable source of spatial base-data that can be extracted, integrated, and utilised with such heterogeneous data sources for free. In this paper, we present a Personal GeoServices application built on OSM spatial data and university-specific business data for staff, faculty, and students. While generic products such as Google Maps and Google Earth enable basic forms of spatial exploration, the domain of a university ...


Ceas E-News 05.19.2015, College Of Engineering And Applied Sciences May 2015

Ceas E-News 05.19.2015, College Of Engineering And Applied Sciences

College of Engineering and Applied Sciences Newsletter

  • WMU Students Win at Prestigious Lemelson-MIT “Cure it!” Competition
  • WMU Ts’ai Lun Chapter Takes the Grand Prize at International Video Competition
  • WMU Grand Rapids Open House - May 19, 20
  • More events and news