Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Science and Mathematics Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2005

Teacher Education and Professional Development

Institution
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 44

Full-Text Articles in Science and Mathematics Education

Teachers’ Experiences Of Learning Science: A Case Of Autobiographical Reflection, Nelofer Halai Dec 2005

Teachers’ Experiences Of Learning Science: A Case Of Autobiographical Reflection, Nelofer Halai

Institute for Educational Development, Karachi

This paper analyzes the experience of learning science in school of 34 teachers enrolled in a science methods course in the M.Ed. programme offered by the Aga Khan University, Pakistan. The participants were expected to write their reflections after recalling their experience of learning science in school. The findings reveal that the majority of teachers recalled negative experiences of learning science and that the teaching style of their teachers influenced the way they feel about science even to this day. It follows that if teachers are helped to recall their own experience of learning science in the classroom, it ...


A Middle School Standards-Based Science Curriculum Handbook, Eleanor B. Hess Dec 2005

A Middle School Standards-Based Science Curriculum Handbook, Eleanor B. Hess

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

As teachers implement the National Science Education Standards (1996) many must change the instructional methods they have used throughout their careers. This handbook will assist teachers to be facilitators in inquiry-based classrooms. The nine units of this handbook have been implemented for three years in an eighth grade classroom and have been used and modified by three different teachers to meet their own needs. The units in this handbook were chosen by MSAD #3, Unity, Maine, to reflect the curriculum requirements of The State of Maine Learning Results (1997). Included in this handbook are physics units covering motion, forces, work ...


Models For Computer Science K-12 Outreach Activities, Laurie Murphy, Tammy Vandegrift, Brad Richards, Brent Wilson Oct 2005

Models For Computer Science K-12 Outreach Activities, Laurie Murphy, Tammy Vandegrift, Brad Richards, Brent Wilson

All Faculty Scholarship

It is widely known that our computer science students do not reflect the diversity of the population at large [1]. One method for encouraging broader participation in computer science is to design and deploy outreach activities targeted for K-12 students [2,3,4]. Goals for outreach activities are numerous: to provide a more accurate view of the computer science discipline, to increase students' confidence in their CS abilities, to provide opportunities for students to meet working professionals, and to counter negative stereotypes about the computing culture. Outreach activities can vary widely in terms of target audience, duration, and overall objective ...


Standards Deviation: How Schools Misunderstand Education Policy, James P. Spillane Jun 2005

Standards Deviation: How Schools Misunderstand Education Policy, James P. Spillane

CPRE Policy Briefs

Instructional policy reforms that focus on standards and assessments have gained popularity in the last two decades. State governments, which had previously left most instructional matters to local governance, set challenging learning standards and developed related assessments and curricular frameworks. Despite their popularity and persistence, standards-based reforms face the challenge of successful local implementation. Occupying an intermediary position between the statehouse and the schoolhouse, the local school district has significant potential to influence standards implementation. It is important to consider the consequences for classroom instruction of what districts do in response to standards. While states may set standards and provide ...


Action Research For Female Science Teacher Development: Case Pakistan, Harcharan Pardhan Jun 2005

Action Research For Female Science Teacher Development: Case Pakistan, Harcharan Pardhan

Institute for Educational Development, Karachi

No abstract provided.


Graphic Organizers Used As A Supplement To Science Textbooks Relating To Retention Of Scientific Facts In Fourth Graders, Bryana E. Zercie Jun 2005

Graphic Organizers Used As A Supplement To Science Textbooks Relating To Retention Of Scientific Facts In Fourth Graders, Bryana E. Zercie

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research attempted to answer the question, do graphic organizers used as a supplement to science textbooks increase student retention of scientific facts in fourth grade? The researcher collected data from 56 fourth grade students in an urban school to find out whether the use of graphic organizers after reading sections of the science textbook improved retention of scientific facts in fourth graders. The researcher used baseline science test assessments, reading levels of students, tests and quizzes after the use of graphic organizers, along with teacher and students surveys and interviews in this study. These pieces of data were studied ...


Teaching Literacy Strategies In Math, Terri L. Keenan Jun 2005

Teaching Literacy Strategies In Math, Terri L. Keenan

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study sought to determine the effectiveness of incorporating literacy strategies during math instruction. In distinct lessons, a class of sixteen students was given instruction in the strategies of using key words, visualization, and graphic organizers to solve word problems. The students rated the difficulty of the problems on a scale of "too easy", 'just right", and "too hard" both before and after the reading strategy lessons to assess if the use of the strategy changed their perception. The test-retest with equivalent forms method of estimating reliability was used to give a measure of stability and equivalence. A matched pair ...


Have Your Π And Eat It Too! Using A Course Website To Facilitate Student-Centered Learning And Improve The Effectiveness Of The High School Mathematics Experience, Jeffrey Bretsch May 2005

Have Your Π And Eat It Too! Using A Course Website To Facilitate Student-Centered Learning And Improve The Effectiveness Of The High School Mathematics Experience, Jeffrey Bretsch

Critical and Creative Thinking Capstones Collection

The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics recommends that teachers provide their students with opportunities for student-centered learning. This often occurs in the form of discovery learning, hands-on learning, and interdisciplinary learning. These types of learning experiences fall under the umbrella of the educational theory of constructivism. Constructivism, in short, asserts that meaningful learning occurs when students actively construct their own understanding, making connections and drawing their own conclusions in response to genuine experiences. Many educators would agree that this type of learning is the ideal, but is not generally feasible due to the broad nature of the mathematics curriculum ...


Understanding Photosynthesis And Plant Cellular Respiration As “Nested Systems”: The Characterization Of Pre-Service Teachers’ Conceptions, Mary H. Brown Apr 2005

Understanding Photosynthesis And Plant Cellular Respiration As “Nested Systems”: The Characterization Of Pre-Service Teachers’ Conceptions, Mary H. Brown

Dissertations

This dissertation project focused on pre-service elementary teachers' conceptions of the plant processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration as being connected, occurring at multiple ecological levels, and working within "nested systems." Participants enrolled in a biology course designed for elementary education majors provided their views of the processes through a series of tasks with a peer, a semi-structured interview, and clarified both photosynthesisand plant cellular respiration directly following classroom instruction on the two topics. The instructor of the course was interviewed after a preliminary analysis of the participants' responses. Data were analyzed using the qualitative analysis computer program The Ethnograph ...


Phases Of Web Based Curriculum Development, William H. Robertson Feb 2005

Phases Of Web Based Curriculum Development, William H. Robertson

William H. Robertson

The Phases of Curriculum Development may be useful in helping educators facilitate this process of integrating computer technology and the Internet into classroom instruction and curriculum design. The method described is a synthesis of a personal process of discovery, teaching, and learning that has come from practical experience with teachers and students. To effectively utilize this five-phased approach, the instructor must first identify the final goal, whether it is a curriculum product, Web site, oral presentation, or some other form of demonstration of learning. Also, the basic concepts that are to be covered must be identified first and matched to ...


Corpus Data And The Teaching And Learning Of Science In English In Malaysian Primary And Secondary Schools, Arshad Abd Samad Jan 2005

Corpus Data And The Teaching And Learning Of Science In English In Malaysian Primary And Secondary Schools, Arshad Abd Samad

Arshad Abd Samad

The post independence Malaysian school system has gone through several curricular revisions not only in terms of content and subject matter but also in the medium of instruction used. In 1980, the national language, Malay, was adopted as the medium of instruction in schools in place of the English language. After more than twenty years of instruction in the national language, the medium of instruction for Science based subjects at the first year of primary and secondary schools in Malaysia has recently reverted to the English language. This has largely been due to increasing concern over perceived falling standards of ...


Evaluation Report, Will Snyder Jan 2005

Evaluation Report, Will Snyder

STEM Connections GK12 Project

No abstract provided.


Methods For Marine Ecosystems Research Through The Use Of Pdas With Preservice Teachers, Antoinette P. Bruciati, Maria Lizano-Dimare Jan 2005

Methods For Marine Ecosystems Research Through The Use Of Pdas With Preservice Teachers, Antoinette P. Bruciati, Maria Lizano-Dimare

Education Faculty Publications

Science teachers are charged with the task of providing students in grades K-12 with opportunities that will enable them to make sense of science and develop habits of mind. One goal of science education is to prepare well-rounded citizens who are scientifically literate. Through inquiry-based learning, students formulate questions, perform investigations, and construct new understandings.

It is important for preservice science teachers to be introduced to current techniques, discoveries, and debates in the field of science. The use of personal digital assistants (PDAs) can provide K-12 students with increased opportunities for exploring and learning through scientific investigations. In order for ...


Strategic Leadership For Education Reform: Lessons From The Statewide Systemic Initiatives Program, Daniel Heck, Iris Weiss Jan 2005

Strategic Leadership For Education Reform: Lessons From The Statewide Systemic Initiatives Program, Daniel Heck, Iris Weiss

CPRE Policy Briefs

In 1990, the National Science Foundation (NSF) created the Statewide Systemic Initiative Program. The solicitation issued by the Directorate for Science and Engineering Education sought proposals “for projects intended to broaden the impact, accelerate the pace, and increase the effectiveness of improvements in science, mathematics, and engineering education in both K-12 and post-secondary levels“(NSF, 1990, p. 1).

Projects funded as Statewide Systemic Initiatives (SSIs) were to align various parts of the system to produce comprehensive, coordinated, and sustained change. Curriculum learning goals; content, instructional materials, and practice; assessment; teacher recruitment and preparation; and professional development of teachers, administrators, and ...


Investigating The Effectiveness Of Implementing The Science Writing Heuristic On Student Performance In General Chemistry , Jason Ray Poock Jan 2005

Investigating The Effectiveness Of Implementing The Science Writing Heuristic On Student Performance In General Chemistry , Jason Ray Poock

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research investigated the effectiveness at how the Science Writing Heuristic in the freshman chemistry laboratory for science and engineering majors at Iowa State University during the fall and spring semesters of the 2002--2003 academic year, was implemented. The Science Writing Heuristic (SWH) consists of two components, writing to learn strategies and conducting the laboratory session in a student-centered, guided-inquiry fashion. The writing component replaced the standard laboratory report with a series of questions that guided the students' critical thinking along the lines of scientific investigation. The writing process helped students construct knowledge. Also critical to the successful implementation of ...


Where Is The "Self" In Teacher Self-Assessment?: An Examination Of Teachers' Reflection And Assessment Practices In Relation To Their Teaching Practices , Andrea Jean Madsen Jan 2005

Where Is The "Self" In Teacher Self-Assessment?: An Examination Of Teachers' Reflection And Assessment Practices In Relation To Their Teaching Practices , Andrea Jean Madsen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to identify the levels of explicit reflection-on-action and criteria with which teachers self-assess their teaching, and to compare these levels and criteria to classroom practices. These reflections and practices were then compared to the participants' preservice preparation to determine the extent to which strategies taught transferred to classroom practice. To investigate these issues, this study utilized classroom observations, interviews, and relevant documents from thirteen second-, third-, fourth-, or fifth-year teachers who had graduated from a traditional elementary teacher education program at a landgrant university in the Midwestern United States. Classroom observations were rated using ...


A Study Of The Practices Of Three Science Teacher Educators: The Rule, "Do As I Say, Not As I Do," Ought Not Be The Message , Crystal Noelle Bruxvoort Jan 2005

A Study Of The Practices Of Three Science Teacher Educators: The Rule, "Do As I Say, Not As I Do," Ought Not Be The Message , Crystal Noelle Bruxvoort

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study explored the development of three science teacher educators as they interacted with preservice teachers while seeking to align their practices with what they were advocating in the elementary science methods courses that they taught. Practices that were advocated by the methods instructors were consistent with research-based teaching and goals of the science education community. The exploratory nature of this study warranted a qualitative research design using a grounded theory approach. Practices of the participants were observed during one aspect of the methods course---an oral defense---that served as the culminating evaluation of students' understanding. Evidence exists to support that ...


The Iowa Chemistry Education Alliance, Icea: Process And Product , Kathleen Annette Burke Jan 2005

The Iowa Chemistry Education Alliance, Icea: Process And Product , Kathleen Annette Burke

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The Iowa Chemistry Education Alliance, ICEA, supported by Department of Education Star Schools funding (R203F5000198), was both a Process and a Product.;The Process included: (a) Design and support of high school teacher training sessions that incorporated distance learning techniques, cooperative learning and guided inquiry strategies, and a constructivist, student-centered classroom focus; (b) Design and incorporation of eight supplemental learning modules, corresponding assessment rubrics, and supporting videotapes into the existing Iowa high school chemistry curriculum; (c) Adaptation of the learning modules throughout the course of the academic year while the units were being integrated into the existing curriculum; (d) Modification ...


Do Congressional Academic Earmarks At Public Research Institutions Encourage Research Productivity? , Matthew Lincoln Feldmann Jan 2005

Do Congressional Academic Earmarks At Public Research Institutions Encourage Research Productivity? , Matthew Lincoln Feldmann

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Academic earmarks identified by the U.S. Congress through attachments to funding bills have represented a sizeable and growing revenue stream to institutions of higher education, yet little has been determined about the impacts this funding has on these institutions or the products of these institutions. A study was defined to test the argument that academic earmarks provided support for institutions to build research and development (R&D) infrastructure necessary for competition with peers. The population of interest was all U.S. public research institutions, and the principal research question was whether academic earmarks provided these institutions with increased academic R&D infrastructure as indicated by changes in R&D expenditures between 1993 and 2002. Structural equation path analysis was used to test the relationships among institutional control variables, total academic earmarks received, change in R&D expenditures, and institutional peer rankings over ten years.;The study demonstrated evidence that the practice of congressional academic earmarking at public research institutions did not have an effect on change in R&D expenditures or an effect on peer rankings. Three ...


Problem-Based Learning In An On-Line Biotechnology Course , James Daniel Cheaney Jan 2005

Problem-Based Learning In An On-Line Biotechnology Course , James Daniel Cheaney

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Problem-based learning (PBL) is a pedagogical tool that uses a "real world" problem or situation as a context for learning. PBL encourages student development of critical thinking skills, a high professional competency, problem-solving ability, knowledge acquisition, the ability to work productively as a team member and make decisions in unfamiliar situations, and the acquisition of skills that support self-directed life-long learning, metacognition, and adaptation to change. However, little research has focused on the use of PBL in on-line "virtual" classes. We conducted two studies exploring the use of PBL in an on-line biotechnology course. In the first study, ethical, legal ...


Investigating The Effectiveness Of Professional Development On High School Physics Teachers' Conceptual Understanding Of Newtonian Mechanics, Instructional Practices, And The Conceptual Growth Of Their Students, Julia K. Moeller Jan 2005

Investigating The Effectiveness Of Professional Development On High School Physics Teachers' Conceptual Understanding Of Newtonian Mechanics, Instructional Practices, And The Conceptual Growth Of Their Students, Julia K. Moeller

Theses and Dissertations @ UNI

The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a physics professional development program on secondary science teachers' conceptual knowledge of Newtonian mechanics, instructional practices and the conceptual growth of their students. The University of Northern Iowa Physics Institute enabled a group of twenty-one Iowa high school and middle school science teachers to complete the physics coursework required to obtain the State of lowa 7-12 Grade Physics Teaching endorsement. The Institute provided experiences to improve physics content knowledge and proficiency of constructivist methodologies for teaching high school physics.

Twelve Institute participants completed a two-year program during the 2002 ...


The Relationship Between Third And Fourth Grade Everyday Mathematics Assessments And Performance On The New Jersey Assessment Of Skills And Knowledge In Fourth Grade (Njask/4), Mariann T. Helfant Jan 2005

The Relationship Between Third And Fourth Grade Everyday Mathematics Assessments And Performance On The New Jersey Assessment Of Skills And Knowledge In Fourth Grade (Njask/4), Mariann T. Helfant

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

.


Journal Of Mathematics And Science: Collaborative Explorations Jan 2005

Journal Of Mathematics And Science: Collaborative Explorations

Journal of Mathematics and Science: Collaborative Explorations

No abstract provided.


Contents Jan 2005

Contents

Journal of Mathematics and Science: Collaborative Explorations

No abstract provided.


Title Page, Coordinating Editor's Remarks, Introductions To Each Part Jan 2005

Title Page, Coordinating Editor's Remarks, Introductions To Each Part

Journal of Mathematics and Science: Collaborative Explorations

No abstract provided.


Mathematics Specialists Definition Jan 2005

Mathematics Specialists Definition

Journal of Mathematics and Science: Collaborative Explorations

No abstract provided.


Executive Summary – Building The Case: Mathematics Specialists Jan 2005

Executive Summary – Building The Case: Mathematics Specialists

Journal of Mathematics and Science: Collaborative Explorations

No abstract provided.


Hopewell, Virginia: How Do You "Hook" Elementary Teachers Into Enjoying And Seeing The Beauty Of Mathematics?, Y. Smith-Jones Jan 2005

Hopewell, Virginia: How Do You "Hook" Elementary Teachers Into Enjoying And Seeing The Beauty Of Mathematics?, Y. Smith-Jones

Journal of Mathematics and Science: Collaborative Explorations

No abstract provided.


Mathematics Specialists In Norfolk Public Schools, D. Walston Jan 2005

Mathematics Specialists In Norfolk Public Schools, D. Walston

Journal of Mathematics and Science: Collaborative Explorations

No abstract provided.


Leadership Progress In Stafford County Schools, V. Inge Jan 2005

Leadership Progress In Stafford County Schools, V. Inge

Journal of Mathematics and Science: Collaborative Explorations

No abstract provided.