# Science and Mathematics Education Commons™

Articles 1 - 30 of 178

## Full-Text Articles in Science and Mathematics Education

The Development Of A Single Scale For Mapping Progress In Mathematical Competence, Ross Turner, Gayl O'Connor Mar 2015

#### The Development Of A Single Scale For Mapping Progress In Mathematical Competence, Ross Turner, Gayl O'Connor

##### Ross Turner

The authors’ intention is to develop a progress map that describes increasing mathematical competence. The main purpose of this chapter is to describe the means by which the research team has been able to use the data from a longitudinal testing program to build and refine a picture of growth in mathematical competence. In this chapter, conceptualisation of the underlying variable to be measured in developing a mathematical progress map is considered, and approaches to its development are discussed. The approach adopted is described and the results of the application of that methodology to the data generated through this research ...

##### Lesson Plans

Throughout this problem students explored the concepts of probability, percentage, and graphic representations of data. Students began by discussing the variables involved in playing a game of darts including: player skill level, strength, accuracy, coordination, gravity, etc. They then made hypothesized the number of darts out of 100 attempts that would land in each of the point value areas. During the remainder of the project, the class tested their hypothesis through a real life dart board model and an online dartboard simulation model. Students used a real-life magnetic dartboard to collectively gather data on 100 darts thrown and an online ...

Assessing An Environmental Education Program, Gregory Schraw, Lori Olafson, Jeanne A. Klockow Dec 2005

#### Assessing An Environmental Education Program, Gregory Schraw, Lori Olafson, Jeanne A. Klockow

##### Presentations (DM)

We developed a comprehensive assessment plan and tested the curriculum to determine whether hands-on outdoor recreation events promote knowledge, attitudes, and performance among at-risk urban children. Knowledge, attitude, and performance assessments were developed, refined and implemented with a variety of age groups participating within the events. Findings revealed that knowledge, attitudes, and performance increased substantially as a result of participating in the outdoor recreation events.

#### Change Bell Ringing And Mathematics: A High School Student Excursion Into Graph Theory And Group Theory, Kristi Carlson

##### Honors Theses

This unit was created as a way to introduce higher level mathematics concepts to advanced high school students. All five of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics Process Standards are found in this unit. For most of the unit, students work within small groups

College Of Engineering Senior Design Competition Fall 2005, University Of Nevada, Las Vegas Dec 2005

#### College Of Engineering Senior Design Competition Fall 2005, University Of Nevada, Las Vegas

##### Senior Projects (COE)

Part of every UNLV engineering student’s academic experience, the senior design project stimulates engineering innovation and entrepreneurship. Each student in their senior year chooses, plans, designs and prototypes a product in this required element of the curriculum. A capstone to the student’s educational career, the senior design project encourages the student to use everything learned in the engineering program to create a practical, real world solution to an engineering challenge.

The senior design competition helps to focus the senior students in increasing the quality and potential for commercial application for their design projects. Judges from local industry evaluate ...

Red Rock Desert Learning Center Core Group Meeting: December 6, 2005, Red Rock Desert Learning Center Dec 2005

#### Red Rock Desert Learning Center Core Group Meeting: December 6, 2005, Red Rock Desert Learning Center

##### Reports (RRLC)

1. Introductions & Announcements (5 min.)
2. Approval of Minutes from October 18, 2005 Meeting (5 min.)
3. Update on Project Schedule – Michael Reiland (10 min.)
A. Utilities
B. Water Line
C. Parking
D. Operator
4. Update on Design Development – Michael Reiland (10 min.)
5. Cultural Treatment Plan – Michael Reiland (10 min.)
6. Environmental Assessment Update – Otak Inc. (10 min.)
7. Curriculum Update – Jeanne Klockow (10 min.)
8. Standing Reports (10 min.)
A. BLM Capital Improvements – Michael Reiland
B. Community Outreach – LaNelda Rolley
9. Committee Reports (5 min.)
A. Building Committee
B. Design Oversight
C. Educational Programs
D. Fund-raising and Partnerships
E. NEPA
F. Operations
G. Other Uses
H. Wild ...

Catapult - Throwing Device, Maria Huot Dec 2005

#### Catapult - Throwing Device, Maria Huot

##### Lesson Plans

Students will use multiple modeling tools to have conceptual, mathematical, and physical control over, at least, one of the variables in the design of a “Throwing Device”, to accomplish the desired goal. For safety reasons, all the devices must have a trigger mechanism.

Force And Extrusion In The Food Industry, David Rogers, Beth Hall Dec 2005

#### Force And Extrusion In The Food Industry, David Rogers, Beth Hall

##### Lesson Plans

Students will use Interactive Physics to “model” the forces needed to extrude Play-Doh. Modeling will allow the prediction of force to push flexible material through extruders. Students will compare surface area to force. Excel was used to collect data.

Beyond Constructivism: An Introduction To Critical Realism In Science Education, Clinton Douglas Jackson Dec 2005

#### Beyond Constructivism: An Introduction To Critical Realism In Science Education, Clinton Douglas Jackson

##### Theses Bachelor Honours

In the context of social and philosophical debates concerning the nature of science, this thesis provides an introductory investigation of the application of critical realism to science education. It moves beyond the current impasse within constructivist science education and, in particular, philosophical debates that fail to represent science education as a whole. The current dominance of anti-realist positions in science education is treated as problematic. This thesis explores selected current and potential uses of critical realism in an endeavour to move beyond the perceived inadequacies of constructivism as the current paradigm of science education. The approach used is one of ...

A Middle School Standards-Based Science Curriculum Handbook, Eleanor B. Hess Dec 2005

#### A Middle School Standards-Based Science Curriculum Handbook, Eleanor B. Hess

##### Electronic Theses and Dissertations

As teachers implement the National Science Education Standards (1996) many must change the instructional methods they have used throughout their careers. This handbook will assist teachers to be facilitators in inquiry-based classrooms. The nine units of this handbook have been implemented for three years in an eighth grade classroom and have been used and modified by three different teachers to meet their own needs. The units in this handbook were chosen by MSAD #3, Unity, Maine, to reflect the curriculum requirements of The State of Maine Learning Results (1997). Included in this handbook are physics units covering motion, forces, work ...

Dec 2005

#### Teachers’ Experiences Of Learning Science: A Case Of Autobiographical Reflection, Nelofer Halai

##### Institute for Educational Development, Karachi

This paper analyzes the experience of learning science in school of 34 teachers enrolled in a science methods course in the M.Ed. programme offered by the Aga Khan University, Pakistan. The participants were expected to write their reflections after recalling their experience of learning science in school. The findings reveal that the majority of teachers recalled negative experiences of learning science and that the teaching style of their teachers influenced the way they feel about science even to this day. It follows that if teachers are helped to recall their own experience of learning science in the classroom, it ...

Dec 2005

#### A Study Of How Precursor Key Concepts For Organic Chemistry Success Are Understood By General Chemistry Students, Patrick Gerard Meyer

##### Dissertations

This study examines college student understanding of key concepts that will support future organic chemistry success as determined by university instructors. During four one-hour individual interviews the sixteen subjects attempted to solve general chemistry problems. A think-aloud protocol was used along with a whiteboard where the students could draw and illustrate their ideas. The protocols for the interviews were adapted from the Covalent Structure and Bonding two-tiered multiple choice diagnostic instrument (Peterson, Treagust, & Garnett, 1989) and augmented by the Geometry and Polarity of Moleculessingle-tiered multiple choice instrument (Furió & Calatayud, 1996). The interviews were videotaped, transcribed, and coded for analysis to determine the subjects' understanding of the key ideas. The subjects displayed many misconceptions that were summarized into nine assertions about studentconceptualization of chemistry. (1) Many students misunderstand the location and nature of intermolecular forces. (2) Some think electronegativity differences among atoms in a molecule are sufficient to make the molecule polar, regardless of spatial arrangement. (3) Most know that higher phase change temperatures imply stronger intermolecular attractions, but many do not understand the difference between covalent molecular and covalent network substances. (4) Many have difficulty deciding whether a molecule is polar or non-polar, often confusing bilateral symmetry with spatial symmetry in all three dimensions. (5) Many cannot reliably draw correct Lewis structures due to carelessness and overuse of flawed algorithms. (6) Many are confused by howelectrons can both repel one other and facilitate bonding between atoms via orbitals---this seems oxymoronic to them. (7) Many cannot explain why the atomsof certain elements do not follow the octet rule and some believe the octet rule alone can determine the shape of a molecule. (8) Most do know that electronegativity and polarity are not adequate to determine the shape of a molecule---but some apply the VSEPR theory in incorrect ways. (9) Students do not reason significantly differently when working with various representations of molecules such as ball-and-stick models, molecular formulas, and Lewis structures.

The study illuminated specific parts of the general chemistry curriculum that are particularly troublesome for students but necessary for their further achievement in chemistry. This information is important; it gives the discipline of chemistry education target areas to focus on for general chemistrypedagogical improvement efforts.

#### Education In The Environment: A Hands-On Student Research And Outdoor Learning Experience: Quarterly Progress Report: Period Ending November 30, 2005, Margaret N. Rees

##### Reports (PLI Education)

During the past three-months, the focus of the university’s efforts has included the following highlights:

• Forever Earth was scheduled 15 times in the past quarter.
• Twelve Discover Mojave Outdoor World events were completed; a draft Year 2 schedule was completed.
• An Outdoor World assessment report compiled and results were presented at a professional academic conference.
• The Phase I Education in the Environment Strategy document was completed.
• A Phase II action plan is underway by the Environmental Education Committee.
• A place-based education conference, “Our Places Tell Stories,” will be held in January 2006.
• Survey data is being collected from Clark ...

In this issue:

--VIP Message IAS Executive Director

--ISTS News New Section Chairs Fall Conference News

--Announcements

The Esa21 Project: A Model For Civic Engagement, John Pratte, Matthew Laposata Nov 2005

#### The Esa21 Project: A Model For Civic Engagement, John Pratte, Matthew Laposata

##### Faculty Publications

There have been many systematic approaches to solving the problem of how to make science courses interesting to students. One that is currently receiving attention in the sciences is the use of civic engagement within the classroom. This approach works well in small enrollment courses, but it is logistically difficult to implement in large enrollment courses. Large enrollment classes lend themselves more naturally to other civic engagement approaches, such as special topics courses with individual or group research projects. The authors choose to meld the two approaches, thus creating a collection of activity modules for environmental science courses that use ...

#### Nebraska Earth Systems Education Network – Fall 2005

##### Nebraska Earth Systems Education Network

Content:

2005 NATS Fall Conference – Science is Relative, October 27- 29, 2005, Camp Calvin Crest, Fremont, NE

E-commerce Web site also allows for registration for SNR-sponsored events

K-12 Earth Science Teacher of the Year Award

GEON Summer 2006 Workshops

Great Resources Available on the NESEN Website

Field-based Natural Resources Policy focuses on conflicts over the Platte Cedar Point provides base for close look at Platte River policy

Youth Wildlife Education Fund

Field facilities make science come alive, inspire problem solving: State-of-the-art building dedicated at Barta brothers field lab in Sand Hills

Barta Brothers made conservation ranch profitable and award-winning: History ...

Red Rock Desert Learning Center Core Group Meeting: October 18, 2005, Red Rock Desert Learning Center Oct 2005

#### Red Rock Desert Learning Center Core Group Meeting: October 18, 2005, Red Rock Desert Learning Center

##### Reports (RRLC)

1. Introductions & Announcements (5 min.)
2. Approval of Minutes from September 20, 2005 Meeting (5 min.)
3. Curriculum Update – Jeanne Klockow (15 min.)
4. Review of Project Schedule – Michael Reiland (10 min.)
A. Utilities
B. Water Line
C. Parking
D. Operator
5. Standing Reports (15 minutes)
A. Line and Space Architects – Les Wallach/Henry Tom
B. BLM Capital Improvements – Michael Reiland
6. Committee Reports (5 min.)
A. Building Committee – Angie Lara
B. Design Oversight – David Frommer
C. Educational Programs – Paul Buck
D. Fund-raising and Partnerships – Blaine Benedict
E. NEPA – Michael Johnson
F. Operations – Jackson Ramsey
G. Other Uses – Pat Williams
H. Wild Horse & Burro – Billie Young ...

Assessing “Discover Mojave” Instrument Development And Analysis: Final Report, Lori Olafson, Gregory Schraw, Michelle L. Weibel Oct 2005

#### Assessing “Discover Mojave” Instrument Development And Analysis: Final Report, Lori Olafson, Gregory Schraw, Michelle L. Weibel

##### Reports (DM)

We developed curriculum and a comprehensive assessment plan to determine whether hands-on outdoor recreation events promote knowledge, attitudes, and performance among at-risk urban children. Knowledge, attitude, and performance assessments were developed, refined and conducted through various stages based on cultural and language barriers as well a variety of age groups participating within the events. Findings revealed that knowledge, attitudes, and performance increased substantially as a result of participating in the outdoor recreation events. We conclude that the implementation and assessment of the program is strong. We also make several recommendations for future programs.

Models For Computer Science K-12 Outreach Activities, Laurie Murphy, Tammy Vandegrift, Brad Richards, Brent Wilson Oct 2005

#### Models For Computer Science K-12 Outreach Activities, Laurie Murphy, Tammy Vandegrift, Brad Richards, Brent Wilson

##### All Faculty Scholarship

It is widely known that our computer science students do not reflect the diversity of the population at large [1]. One method for encouraging broader participation in computer science is to design and deploy outreach activities targeted for K-12 students [2,3,4]. Goals for outreach activities are numerous: to provide a more accurate view of the computer science discipline, to increase students' confidence in their CS abilities, to provide opportunities for students to meet working professionals, and to counter negative stereotypes about the computing culture. Outreach activities can vary widely in terms of target audience, duration, and overall objective ...

Iowa Academy Of Science: The New Bulletin, V1n3, Autumn 2005, Iowa Academy Of Science Oct 2005

#### Iowa Academy Of Science: The New Bulletin, V1n3, Autumn 2005, Iowa Academy Of Science

##### The New Bulletin

Inside This Issue:

--Message from the Executive Director

--A Memorial to Charles Drewes

--Buena Vista University

--ISTS Fall Conference

--Iowa Science Teacher’s Section Fall Conference

--Fall Conference Registration

--Return of the Iowa Science Teachers Journal

--IAS Honors New Fellows

Personality And Programming, Amy B. Woszczynski, Tracy C. Guthrie, Sherri Shade Oct 2005

#### Personality And Programming, Amy B. Woszczynski, Tracy C. Guthrie, Sherri Shade

##### Faculty Publications

Information systems students continue to struggle to successfully complete computer programming classes. Learning how to program is difficult, and failure and attrition rates in college level programming classes remain at an unacceptably high rate. Since many IS students take a programming course as part of their program of study, IS educators should better understand why IS students tend to achieve low success rates in programming courses and what can be done to improve success rates. Little research to date has addressed potential reasons for student failure in programming principles courses. Many educators simply assume that high failure rates are acceptable ...

In this issue:

--Notes From Other VIPs President Elect IAS Executive Director State Science Consultant

--ISTS Fall Conference Past President

--Announcements

Mammalogy At Texas Tech University: A Historical Perspective, Lisa C. Bradley, John R. Suchecki, Brian R. Amman, Joel G. Brant, Hugh H. Genoways, L. Rex Mcaliley, Robert J. Baker, Francisca Mendez-Harclerode, Robert D. Bradley Sep 2005

#### Mammalogy At Texas Tech University: A Historical Perspective, Lisa C. Bradley, John R. Suchecki, Brian R. Amman, Joel G. Brant, Hugh H. Genoways, L. Rex Mcaliley, Robert J. Baker, Francisca Mendez-Harclerode, Robert D. Bradley

##### Mammalogy Papers: University of Nebraska State Museum

The mammalogy program at Texas Tech University officially was established in 1962, when Robert L. Packard joined the faculty of the Department of Biological Sciences. As the institution's first mammalogist, Packard took the initiative to develop a strong program of mammalian research and education. Influenced by the successful program built by his mentor, E. Raymond Hall, at the University of Kansas, Packard modeled similar goals for Texas Tech University. Those goals included a strong emphasis on both undergraduate and graduate education and research, with several mammalogy faculty members, and the establishment and growth of a large and active mammal ...

Red Rock Desert Learning Center Core Group Meeting: September 20, 2005, Red Rock Desert Learning Center Sep 2005

#### Red Rock Desert Learning Center Core Group Meeting: September 20, 2005, Red Rock Desert Learning Center

##### Reports (RRLC)

1. Introductions & Announcements (5 min.)
2. Approval of Minutes from August 16, 2005 Meeting (5 min.)
3. Discussion of Scope/Design Issues –Michael Reiland/David Frommer (30 min.)
4. Cost Update – Michael Reiland (15 min.)
5. Schedule Update – Michael Reiland (15 min.)
6. Standing Reports (15 minutes)
A. Line and Space Architects – Les Wallach/Henry Tom
B. BLM Capital Improvements – Michael Reiland
C. Community Outreach – Nancy Flagg
7. Committee Reports (5 min.)
A. Building Committee – Angie Lara
B. Design Oversight – David Frommer
C. Educational Programs – Paul Buck
D. Fund-raising and Partnerships – Blaine Benedict
E. NEPA – Michael Johnson
F. Operations – Jackson Ramsey
G. Other Uses – Pat Williams
H ...

Red Rock Desert Learning Center: The Vision, Red Rock Desert Learning Center Sep 2005

#### Red Rock Desert Learning Center: The Vision, Red Rock Desert Learning Center

##### Oliver Ranch Project

A public meeting will be held to introduce the Red Rock Learning Center, the first outdoor education center for local fifth grade children in Southern Nevada. Designed to enhance math and science skills, the school will be built in the Red Rock Canyon National Conservation Area. It will feature a curriculum that teaches children about conservation and the natural world by increasing their knowledge and understanding of the Mojave Desert ecosystem.

Discover Mojave Outdoor World ~ Forever Earth, Public Lands Institute Sep 2005

#### Discover Mojave Outdoor World ~ Forever Earth, Public Lands Institute

##### Presentations (DM)

Program goals:

• Introduce economically disadvantaged urban youth, ages 8-12, to outdoor recreation and education
• Foster a belief that outdoor recreation plays an important and positive role in the health and fitness of America’s youth

Toy Blocks And Rotational Physics, Gabriele U. Varieschi, Isabel R. Jully Sep 2005

#### Toy Blocks And Rotational Physics, Gabriele U. Varieschi, Isabel R. Jully

##### Physics Faculty Works

Have you ever observed a child playing with toy blocks? A favorite game is to build towers and then make them topple like falling trees. To the eye of a trained physicist this should immediately look like an example of the physics of “falling chimneys,” when tall structures bend and break in mid-air while falling to the ground. The game played with toy blocks can actually reproduce well what is usually seen in photographs of falling towers, such as the one that appeared on the cover of the September 1976 issue of The Physics Teacher.1 In this paper we ...

Assessing The Quality And Quantity Of Student Discourse In Mathematics Classrooms, Dave Weaver, Tom Dick, Nicole R. Rigelman Sep 2005

#### Assessing The Quality And Quantity Of Student Discourse In Mathematics Classrooms, Dave Weaver, Tom Dick, Nicole R. Rigelman

##### Curriculum and Instruction Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper will discuss the study design, observation protocol, efforts to increase inter-rater reliability, challenges to data collection, and findings from baseline data collection efforts. The paper will also summarize the types of analyses that will be performed with the data and will present other research questions that can be addressed through these analyses.

Education In The Environment: A Hands-On Student Research And Outdoor Learning Experience: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending August 31, 2005, Environmental Education Strategy For Nevada Aug 2005

#### Education In The Environment: A Hands-On Student Research And Outdoor Learning Experience: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending August 31, 2005, Environmental Education Strategy For Nevada

##### Reports (PLI Education)

During the past three-months, the focus of the university’s efforts has included the following highlights:

• Data compiled, summarized, and analyzed from survey of existing environmental education programs in Southern Nevada.
• Planning underway for place-based education conference to be held in January 2006.