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Science and Mathematics Education Commons

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2001

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Articles 1 - 18 of 18

Full-Text Articles in Science and Mathematics Education

Changing Mathematical Discourse: A Case Study Of A Secondary Mathematics Teacher, Mary Lynn Breyfogle Dec 2001

Changing Mathematical Discourse: A Case Study Of A Secondary Mathematics Teacher, Mary Lynn Breyfogle

Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Learning To Construct Proofs In A First Course On Mathematical Proof, Peter R. Atwood Aug 2001

Learning To Construct Proofs In A First Course On Mathematical Proof, Peter R. Atwood

Dissertations

This study examined the conceptions o f proof that undergraduate students have upon entry to a transition course on mathematical proof how they develop skill in planning and reporting proofs, obstacles encountered, and effects of instruction on their performance in solidifying schema in proof-planning and proof-reporting.

The subjects were sophomores and juniors (n=16) in a transition course at a large midwestern university. The course was taught by one o f the co-authors o f the text, "Mathematical Proofs" (Chartrand, Polimeni, and Zhang, 1999, in press). Assessment of learning to construct proofs was through quizzes and a final exam developed ...


An Investigation Of The Effects Of Using Literature To Promote The Understanding Of Mathematical Concepts In Children With Learning Disabilities, Stephanie Miller May 2001

An Investigation Of The Effects Of Using Literature To Promote The Understanding Of Mathematical Concepts In Children With Learning Disabilities, Stephanie Miller

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to test the hypothesis that including children's literature in the mathematics curriculum improves understanding of math concepts for children with learning disabilities. The subjects included 47 third grade students from a suburban school district outside of Rochester, New York. The children were divided into experimental and control groups. The control group received their regular mathematics curriculum, while the experimental group received the addition of children's literature to the regular curriculum. No statistical significance was noted quantitatively, while qualitatively, improvements were noted in children's attitudes and involvement with the curriculum.


Mathematics Journals In A Time Of Flux, Andrew D. Mitchell May 2001

Mathematics Journals In A Time Of Flux, Andrew D. Mitchell

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relationship between learning style and level of engagement in math journal writing. After students completed a learning style assessment, they composed a series of 6 journal entries. Each entry was scored "Engaged" or "Not Engaged." There is no statistically significant relationship between a student's learning style and level of engagement. Thus, using a learning style intake assessment to qualify students for a journal writing program may not be appropriate. A teacher should examine the research literature for personally relevant examples and find a colleague at his or her school to ...


Teacher-Child Verbal Interactions In Preschool Science Teaching , Tsung-Hui Tu Jan 2001

Teacher-Child Verbal Interactions In Preschool Science Teaching , Tsung-Hui Tu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine preschool teachers' verbal interactions with children during morning self-selection time. Naturalistic (Day 1) and experimental (Day 2) designs were used to provide empirical evidence of the availability of science activities and accessible science materials in preschool classrooms. The participants were 20 head teachers of 3- to 5-year-old preschoolers employed in central Iowa child care centers. Each teacher was videotaped for two consecutive days during morning self-selection time. The most frequent preschool teachers' verbal interaction for Day 1 and Day 2 combined was giving learning guidance, and they used more verbal statements than ...


The Effect Of Restructuring Student Writing In The General Chemistry Laboratory On Student Understanding Of Chemistry And On Students' Approach To The Laboratory Course , James Andrew Rudd Ii Jan 2001

The Effect Of Restructuring Student Writing In The General Chemistry Laboratory On Student Understanding Of Chemistry And On Students' Approach To The Laboratory Course , James Andrew Rudd Ii

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Many students encounter difficulties engaging with laboratory-based instruction, and reviews of research have indicated that the value of such instruction is not clearly evident. Traditional forms of writing associated with laboratory activities are commonly in a style used by professional scientists to communicate developed explanations. Students probably lack the interpretative skills of a professional, and writing in this style may not support students in learning how to develop scientific explanations. The Science Writing Heuristic (SWH) is an inquiry-based approach to laboratory instruction designed in part to promote student ability in developing such explanations. However, there is not a convincing body ...


Is Concept Mapping An Effective Tool For Evaluation Of Student Learning In Science?, Linda Jean Foster Jan 2001

Is Concept Mapping An Effective Tool For Evaluation Of Student Learning In Science?, Linda Jean Foster

Theses Digitization Project

Concept mapping is a metacognitive learning strategy which often improves a learner's ability to construct new knowledge. This action research project was intended to determine the level of effectiveness of concept mapping as a student learning intervention. Students in two high school science classes constructed concept maps before and after instruction during a unit of study about volcanoes. The maps were analyzed for increases in complexity and indications of learning. The concept maps were then compared for differences by groups based on volcano unit test scores. Based on the analysis of the matched pairs of concept maps, those maps ...


Development Of A Life Science Curriculum For Kindergarten And First Grade Reflecting The Theories Of Multiple Intelligence And Brain-Based Learning, Barbara Jean Dudeck Jan 2001

Development Of A Life Science Curriculum For Kindergarten And First Grade Reflecting The Theories Of Multiple Intelligence And Brain-Based Learning, Barbara Jean Dudeck

Theses Digitization Project

The purpose of this project was to address the need for making the subject matter of life science accessible to all kindergarten and first grade students.


Using Blackboard Technologies As An Instructional Supplement For Teaching High School Chemistry, Steven Louis Coulombe Jan 2001

Using Blackboard Technologies As An Instructional Supplement For Teaching High School Chemistry, Steven Louis Coulombe

Theses Digitization Project

This project attempts to use an on-line telecommunication supplement to extend the boundary of the classroom beyond the limits of time and space in order to improve communication and extend the reach of the classroom.


The Development Of Scientific Concepts Through Literacy As A Mediational Tool, Kenneth Phil Ingram Jan 2001

The Development Of Scientific Concepts Through Literacy As A Mediational Tool, Kenneth Phil Ingram

Theses Digitization Project

This project analyzes the progress of 20 first grade, Spanish speaking students through a weather science unit. The study observes how students respond to literacy and science learning events.


Fifth Grade Students' Perceptions Of Sts Issues: An Action Research Project To Explore A Process For Identifying Students' Knowledge And Understandings Of Science, Technology, And Society (Sts) Issues, Chris Elaine Mahoney Jan 2001

Fifth Grade Students' Perceptions Of Sts Issues: An Action Research Project To Explore A Process For Identifying Students' Knowledge And Understandings Of Science, Technology, And Society (Sts) Issues, Chris Elaine Mahoney

Theses Digitization Project

This study looked at fifth grade students' perceptions of the importance of twenty science, technology, and society issues and the relationships between these issues.


The Impact Of A Formal Public School Instrumental Music Instruction Program On An Eighth Grade Middle School Student's Reading And Mathematics Achievement, Gerard D. Babo Jan 2001

The Impact Of A Formal Public School Instrumental Music Instruction Program On An Eighth Grade Middle School Student's Reading And Mathematics Achievement, Gerard D. Babo

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

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Grading The General Chemistry Laboratory: A Constructivist Approach., Barbara Stewart Jan 2001

Grading The General Chemistry Laboratory: A Constructivist Approach., Barbara Stewart

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Constructivist theories of learning posit that instructors cannot transfer their knowledge to students; students must actively construct their own understanding. The Inter-Chem-Net project uses technology and instrumentation to provide an individualized experience within the large general laboratory course, effectively establishing a constructivist methodology. A grading rubric was developed to communicate course expectations and provide an easy and reliable method of evaluating student work in the general chemistry laboratory. The grading rubric separates the learning outcomes into a checklist of skills associated with each particular grade. This checklist provides detailed feedback for individualized choices of experiments, a key component of the ...


A Study Of The Effects Of Constructivist Based Vs. Traditional Direct Instruction On 8th Grade Science Comprehension, Clair T. Berube Jan 2001

A Study Of The Effects Of Constructivist Based Vs. Traditional Direct Instruction On 8th Grade Science Comprehension, Clair T. Berube

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

Studies conducted nationwide over the past several decades point consistently to the evidence that American school children lag behind several other countries in science scores. Problems arise from this dilemma, including the question of the ability of our youngsters to compete nationally and globally in the sciences as adults. Current research in this area of scores currently studies mostly mathematics. The few studies conducted concerning science mainly highlight students in other countries and neglects minorities and females regarding outcomes.

By contrast, this study investigated the effects of teacher types (also defined as teaching styles or classroom orientation) on student outcomes ...


Mathematics, Technology, And Gender: Closing Gender Differences With A High School Web Site, Steven Lee Holifield Jan 2001

Mathematics, Technology, And Gender: Closing Gender Differences With A High School Web Site, Steven Lee Holifield

Theses Digitization Project

This project focuses on using technology to help motivate young females to make use of a high school web site to lesson anxieties and increase interest in mathematics and the use of technology. Additionally, it acts as a model to create an educational web site that brings about better communication within a community.


Using Web Pages To Enhance Communication And Learning In The Math Classroom, Joy Cappello Gorman Jan 2001

Using Web Pages To Enhance Communication And Learning In The Math Classroom, Joy Cappello Gorman

Theses Digitization Project

The purpose of this document is to review the incorporation of technology into a math classroom. With technology becoming more a part of our growing society it is important for teachers and students to stay up with the times.


Number Sense In Urban Aboriginal Primary Students, Kathryn J. Lyon Jan 2001

Number Sense In Urban Aboriginal Primary Students, Kathryn J. Lyon

Theses : Honours

This paper examines the number sense of urban Aboriginal primary students attending school in Perth. The subjects were asked to complete a test designed to assess their number sense, which has been defined as "[a] propensity for and an ability to use numbers and quantitative methods as a means of communicating, processing and interpreting information" (McIntosh, Reys, Reys, Bana & Farrell, 1997, p. 61). It involves an intuitive understanding about numbers and how to use them in practical ways. Some subjects were also interviewed, so that a greater understanding of their number sens8 could be gained. It was found that there ...


Teacher-Class, Teacher-Group And Student Interactions : Opportunities For Learning In Primary Science Classrooms, Christine A. Coulstock Jan 2001

Teacher-Class, Teacher-Group And Student Interactions : Opportunities For Learning In Primary Science Classrooms, Christine A. Coulstock

Theses: Doctorates and Masters

Many studies have investigated learning in science classes, examining various influences on the understandings that students develop. The purpose of this study was to investigate the interactions that took place in upper primary science lessons, and the teacher and student behaviours affected these interactions and the opportunities for learning. The three classes that were selected for the study were similar and the teachers were all experienced primary teachers. The teachers were supplied with a set of science lessons on the topic of electric circuits. The resources included background information for the teachers and suggested activities, demonstrations, analogies and focus questions ...