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Writing

Theses/Dissertations

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

2012

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Seeing Again: Revision In The Grade Three Classroom, Jacqueline S. Ehrhardt Sep 2012

Seeing Again: Revision In The Grade Three Classroom, Jacqueline S. Ehrhardt

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

To gain some insight on the phenomenon of revision within the primary classroom my thesis research explored the place revision has within the grade three classroom from the perspectives of the teacher and the students. This case study design involves two grade three teachers and 12 third grade students. Three research strategies were employed throughout the duration of research: 1) semi-structured interviews with the teacher and five students to understand their interpretations and intentions of revision in general as well as revision within a particular writing activity; 2) classroom observations of writing instruction and writing activities following the process of ...


Students’ Strategies For Writing Arguments From Online Sources Of Information, Lori C. Kirkpatrick Jun 2012

Students’ Strategies For Writing Arguments From Online Sources Of Information, Lori C. Kirkpatrick

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This study builds on previous work on writing (e.g., Bereiter & Scardamalia, 1987; Hayes & Flower, 1980) and writing from sources (e.g., Spivey, 1997). Its purpose was to investigate processes and strategies for writing from online sources of information. High-achieving Grade 12 students were recorded as they researched on the Internet and wrote arguments about cosmetics testing on animals. Data included think aloud protocols, video recordings of participants and computer screens, writing products, and interviews. Data was analyzed using narrative summaries and cross-case comparisons. A coding scheme was developed and applied, in order to establish interrater reliability.

Writers used one of three overall processes: 1) Writers alternated between researching online and structuring content into an outline, and then drafted a text; 2) Writers researched online, writing notes and a separate outline, and then drafted a text, drawing on both documents; 3) Writers drafted the text and their research while drafting. Each process was comprised of sub-ordinate strategies and operations.

Two contributions of this work are discussed. First, the strategies of participants were similar in that they demonstrated translations between content and rhetorical problem spaces (cf. Bereiter & Scardamalia, 1987). These translations occurred during researching, as well as drafting and reviewing, and were apparent through students’ Internet activity. Second, participants constructed different task environments (cf. Hayes & Flower, 1980) and used different strategies; all were adapted to the affordances and constraints of the Internet, the electronic writing medium, and internal cognition. Final sections address writing instruction ...