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Full-Text Articles in Education

Examining The Relationships Between Gender Role Congruity, Identity, And The Choice To Persist For Women In Undergraduate Physics Majors, Bronwen Bares Pelaez Nov 2017

Examining The Relationships Between Gender Role Congruity, Identity, And The Choice To Persist For Women In Undergraduate Physics Majors, Bronwen Bares Pelaez

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Persistent gender disparity limits the available contributors to advancing some science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) fields. While higher education can be an influential time-point for ensuring adequate participation, many physics programs across the U.S. have few women in classroom or lab settings. Prior research indicates that these women face considerable barriers. For university students, faculty, and administration to appropriately address these issues, it is important to understand the experiences of women as they navigate male-dominated STEM fields.

This explanatory sequential mixed methods study explored undergraduate female physics majors’ experiences with their male-dominated academic and research spaces in the ...


Women In Stem: The Effect Of Undergraduate Research On Persistence, Jodi Christine Wilker Jan 2017

Women In Stem: The Effect Of Undergraduate Research On Persistence, Jodi Christine Wilker

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The underrepresentation of women in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) careers constitutes a major issue in postsecondary science education. Perseverance of women in STEM is linked to a strong science identity. Experiential learning activities, such as undergraduate research, increase science identity and thus should help keep women in STEM. Most studies on research program development are from 4-year institutions, yet many women start at community colleges. The goal of this study was to fill this gap. Science identity and experiential learning theories provided the framework for this case study at a local institution (LECC). Semistructured interviews determined college science ...


Gender Bias In It Hiring Practices: An Ethical Analysis, Harmony L. Alford Dec 2016

Gender Bias In It Hiring Practices: An Ethical Analysis, Harmony L. Alford

Student Scholarship - Computer Science

With the current movement to increase the number of women in STEM-related careers, modified IT hiring practices may be considered debatably unethical. Studies cited in this work have asserted that female representation in STEM fields is integral not only to encouraging continued progression toward gender equality in the workplace but also to creating more inclusive products. In turn, some argue that when faced with reasonably comparable female and male candidates, a hiring manager should select the female candidate in order to increase the female representation in the company and provide a female perspective. However, it is simultaneously debatably unethical and ...


The Educational Journeys Of First-Generation College Women In Stem: A Grounded Theory Study, Susan Geier Aug 2016

The Educational Journeys Of First-Generation College Women In Stem: A Grounded Theory Study, Susan Geier

Open Access Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to ascertain the various factors that influenced these first-generation college women as they chose a college and selected a STEM major and subsequently persisted to upper level (junior/senior) status. Twenty-five first-generation college women in STEM majors who attended a research-intensive university in the Midwest were interviewed. Approaching this study using constructivist grounded theory provided the opportunity for deeper insights by examining data at a conceptual level while preserving the voices of the women in this study. The women faced numerous challenges on their journeys, yet they persisted. As the women in this study ...


Females In Automotive Careers: Career Decision-Making Influences And Experiences During University Preparation And Beyond, Russell A. Leonard Jr. Jun 2016

Females In Automotive Careers: Career Decision-Making Influences And Experiences During University Preparation And Beyond, Russell A. Leonard Jr.

Dissertations

Today, women fill nearly 50% of the jobs in the U.S. economy (U.S. Dept. of Labor, 2014). While women are making progress in many careers once considered male only, they are still underrepresented in the male-dominated Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) careers, filling only 25% of available STEM jobs (Beede et al., 2011). The problem is not a lack of interest in STEM subjects, but a “leaky pipeline” that develops early in adolescence. By the eighth grade, half as many girls are interested in STEM careers as boys (National Science Foundation [NSF], 2007). Even after graduation from ...


The Stem Pipeline: Recruiting And Retaining African American Female Engineers, Delores Rice Jan 2016

The Stem Pipeline: Recruiting And Retaining African American Female Engineers, Delores Rice

Journal of Research Initiatives

The purpose of the study was to examine the career experiences of African American female engineers and explore their challenges and support systems during their career development. This qualitative study utilized a life history approach and was designed using basic interpretive inquiry. There were nine African American female participants in the study who currently worked in an engineering field within an engineering industry. Using an ecological model to ground the study, the findings were categorized as macrosystem (environment) or microsystem (individual) factors. The highlight of this manuscript includes a focus on implications, which offer insight into recruiting and retaining African ...


Building Support For Faculty Women Of Color In Stem, Loretta A. Moore, Deidre L. Wheaton, Evelyn J. Leggette, Angela Mae Kupenda Jan 2016

Building Support For Faculty Women Of Color In Stem, Loretta A. Moore, Deidre L. Wheaton, Evelyn J. Leggette, Angela Mae Kupenda

Journal Articles

Given the national climate, higher education must continue to serve a vital role for our future, just as it has in our past. For historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs) and other minority-serving institutions, their mission-driven role is even more urgent. Communities of color depend on these institutions to be gateways for access to jobs with higher incomes for graduates in growing fields such as science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). Hence, it is critical for these faculty women of color in STEM to have environments and networks that will help them to succeed.


Undergraduate Women In The Stem Fields And The Use Of Academic Library Resources And Services, Rebecca O'Kelly Davis Aug 2015

Undergraduate Women In The Stem Fields And The Use Of Academic Library Resources And Services, Rebecca O'Kelly Davis

Doctoral Dissertations

Women majoring in the Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) fields are few in number. This research will be conducted in an effort to understand the use of academic library resources and services by undergraduate women in the STEM fields. Data collection methods consisted of three focus groups and five interviews with undergraduate women in the STEM fields, and three focus groups and two interviews with academic librarians and library staff familiar with library resources and services in each of the STEM fields conducted at a Research I University in the USA. Grounded theory principles provided a basis for the ...


Gender Differences In Science Education: How Gender Has Impacted The Face Of Science In The United States, Katie O'Leary Apr 2015

Gender Differences In Science Education: How Gender Has Impacted The Face Of Science In The United States, Katie O'Leary

Education Undergraduate Theses

Historically, there existed a large achievement gap between male and female students in STEM fields in the United States. While this gap has drastically decreased, there are still areas of inequity. Recent data show that males and females now perform equally well on measures of scientific aptitude through twelfth grade and are equally likely to receive bachelor’s degrees. However, men are still more likely to receive bachelor’s degrees in STEM fields, as well as higher degrees in STEM fields. Men are also more likely to have STEM careers. This inequity appears to be influenced by a wide variety ...


Influence Of Robotics On Women In Stem, Nicole Costa Apr 2015

Influence Of Robotics On Women In Stem, Nicole Costa

Undergraduate Research

There is an underrepresentation of women in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) fields that influences society’s perception of women’s abilities in math and science. This study researches the implications of robotics on girls’ achievement abilities. Specifically studying the population at the high school of Mount Saint Joseph Academy, it searches for a correlation between members of the Firebirds Robotics Team and higher GPA scores, SAT scores, and percentages of having a major in STEM compared to students not on the team. Data was collected on the control group (non-robotics students) and experimental group (robotics students) using a ...


Increasing Interest Of Young Women In Engineering, Diane Hinterlong, Branson Lawrence, Purva Devol Apr 2014

Increasing Interest Of Young Women In Engineering, Diane Hinterlong, Branson Lawrence, Purva Devol

Publications & Research

The internationally recognized Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy (IMSA) develops creative, ethical leaders in science, technology, engineering and mathematics. As a teaching and learning laboratory created by the State of Illinois, IMSA enrolls academically talented Illinois students in grades 10 through 12 in its advanced, residential college preparatory program. IMSA also serves thousands of educators and students in Illinois and beyond through innovative instructional programs that foster imagination and inquiry. IMSA also advances education through research, groundbreaking ventures and strategic partnerships.


A Multicase Study Of The Impact Of Perceived Gender Roles On The Career Decisions Of Women In Science-Related Careers, Stephen Frank Hren May 2012

A Multicase Study Of The Impact Of Perceived Gender Roles On The Career Decisions Of Women In Science-Related Careers, Stephen Frank Hren

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine how perceived gender roles developed throughout childhood and early adulthood impacted the career decisions of women in science-related career fields. An additional purpose was to determine if my experiences as I analyzed the data and the propositions discovered in the study would become a transformative agent for me. A multicase framework was utilized so that within and between case analyses could be achieved. Four women who showed early promise in science were chosen as the case study participants.

The relationship of gender roles to the career decisions made by the four cases ...


An Investigation Into The Gender Bias Issue, Bonnie L. Wolcott Aug 1994

An Investigation Into The Gender Bias Issue, Bonnie L. Wolcott

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Women tend to hold a smaller population within the fields of science and mathematics than men. This is believed to be largely due to gender bias coming from family, school, and society. The areas of math and science are largely considered to be male-oriented, and female students consider the fields to be largely unavailable to them. This master thesis addresses this topic by surveying a large number of high school math students, and interviewing school faculty.

A large suburban school district in Rochester, NY was used for this research. The study included 285 male students and 343 female students in ...


Black Underrepresentation In Science And Technology, Robert C. Johnson Jan 1991

Black Underrepresentation In Science And Technology, Robert C. Johnson

Trotter Review

The United States is experiencing a crisis in the training of scientific and technical personnel. A recent report from the National Science Foundation (NSF) indicates that the number of U.S. citizens earning science and engineering doctorates has decreased nearly 5% since 1980. The National Research Council's study of the adequacy of research support for the mathematical sciences in the United States reveals that not only has the production of Ph.D.s in mathematics declined since 1969-70, but the percentage of U.S. citizens receiving those degrees fell during the last decade from 78% of all mathematics Ph ...


Transforming Science And Technology: Has The Elephant Yet Flicked Its Trunk?, Donna M. Hughes Dr. Dec 1990

Transforming Science And Technology: Has The Elephant Yet Flicked Its Trunk?, Donna M. Hughes Dr.

Donna M. Hughes

No abstract provided.