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Full-Text Articles in Education

Where Do They Fit In?: The Perceptions Of High School Students, Parents, And Teachers Regarding Appropriate Educational Placements For Children With High Incidence Disabilities., Annette Marie Tudor Dec 2004

Where Do They Fit In?: The Perceptions Of High School Students, Parents, And Teachers Regarding Appropriate Educational Placements For Children With High Incidence Disabilities., Annette Marie Tudor

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The passage of the Individuals with Disabilities in Education Act (IDEA) calls for the education of children with special needs in the Least Restrictive Environment (LRE). Interpretation of what constitutes the Least Restrictive Environment has led to debate about how best to include children with disabilities into regular education environments. The process of inclusion has created an environment in which educators have conflicting feelings about the various types of special education placements. At one extreme are those who advocate all students belong in the general classroom all the time. At the other end of the continuum are those that contend ...


Is It Simply A New Language Or Is It A Learning Problem?, Lynda M. Warner Sep 2004

Is It Simply A New Language Or Is It A Learning Problem?, Lynda M. Warner

Master of Education Program Theses

English Language Learners (ELLs) have been over-identified for placement into special education classes for more than 20 years. Causes include a lack of precisely defined constructs for disabilities, funding methods used by states, failure to follow federal legislation, weak prereferral systems to special education in schools, a huge influx of non-English speaking students to the classroom, and a lack of training amongst teachers. Correctly identifying ELLs who also need special education is difficult, but teachers can safeguard against improper identification by taking into account the social, educational, cultural, and language aspects of students' special circumstances, i.e., the needs of ...


Successful Collaborative And Inclusive Practices, Jessica Schaaf May 2004

Successful Collaborative And Inclusive Practices, Jessica Schaaf

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

As teachers, it is our job to educate each and every one of our students. It is important to take into consideration the composition of your classroom when teaching your students. Teachers need to be aware of individual needs and teach accordingly. Some teachers might find this difficult because they do not know how to teach in an inclusive environment. What are successful collaborative and inclusive practices for both general and special educators to use in a general education inclusive classroom with primary and intermediate age students? This is the question that will be partially answered in this paper. Two ...


Special And General Education Teachers' Attitudes Regarding Successful Versus Unsuccessful Inclusion In Elementary Schools, Jennifer Stremich May 2004

Special And General Education Teachers' Attitudes Regarding Successful Versus Unsuccessful Inclusion In Elementary Schools, Jennifer Stremich

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated teachers' attitudes of successful versus unsuccessful inclusion. All subjects were general and special education fourth and fifth grade teachers in an elementary suburban school district. One instrument was used for data collection in this research, which consisted of a survey with a rating scale and a written interview to gather teachers' attitudes. The planned analysis was conducted using SPSS (Noonan, 2003, version 12.0) in order to gather descriptive statistics (including mean, percentages, and standard deviation) and inferential statistics, using a paired sample T Test to determine whether a statistically significant difference existed between teachers' attitudes and ...


Do Biases And Experiences Of Elementary Teachers Affect The Referral Process?, Kerriann Callen May 2004

Do Biases And Experiences Of Elementary Teachers Affect The Referral Process?, Kerriann Callen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Teachers could be referring students based on where the student lives or what background he or she comes from rather than on educational needs. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the biases and experiences of elementary teachers affect whom they refer or whom they do not refer for special education. All of the subjects in this study are teachers from a small suburban school district in Western New York. According to the findings of this study, teachers tended to refer the male student with behavior problems more often than the students with severe academic needs. Teachers in ...


Collaboration Of Parents And School Team Members To Increase Students With Disabilities' Overall Success., Megan Catherine Holly May 2004

Collaboration Of Parents And School Team Members To Increase Students With Disabilities' Overall Success., Megan Catherine Holly

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study explores the collaboration of parents and school team members to increase students with disabilities' overall success. The subjects chosen to participate are from Albion Elementary School, consisting of ten students, five teachers and three parents. Each participant completed a yes/no checklist containing question regarding behavior charts, communication, backpacks and homework. These checklists were collected and analyzed. Results from the data collected indicate that students do not have the same viewpoint as parents and educators regarding their backpacks being checked after school. These findings lay a foundation for future research to further explore students, parents and educators perceptions ...


Socioeconomic Representation In Special Education, Elissa Lizzette Dailey Apr 2004

Socioeconomic Representation In Special Education, Elissa Lizzette Dailey

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The question this research explores is: Do general and special education teacher biases and the socioeconomic status (through knowledge of free and reduced lunches) of students with mild disabilities affect the placement in intermediate special education programs? This study will attempt to more closely examine the relationship between students who receive free or reduced lunches and their placement in special education programs. The major benefit of this study is that the findings will hopefully create awareness and reduce any harmful biases. One urban district, one suburban district, and one rural district were examined by looking at District Report Cards. In ...


The Representation Of African American Students In Programs For The Mild Mentally Retarded, Peter Laurance Gennaro Jan 2004

The Representation Of African American Students In Programs For The Mild Mentally Retarded, Peter Laurance Gennaro

Theses Digitization Project

For more than thirty years, it has been acknowledged that African American students have been over-represented in programs designed for individuals with mild mental retardation (MMR). This project was designed to explore the history and literature of the research that has been conducted on this subject over the past three decades. Additionally, this project was undertaken to determine if over-representation of African American students in programs for the mild mentally retarded is a condition that exists in Riverside County, California.


An Investigation Into The Apparent Over-Representation Of Blacks In Educable Mentally Handicapped Programs In K-12 Schools Within The 67 Florida Public School Districts, Arlene H. Thomson Jan 2004

An Investigation Into The Apparent Over-Representation Of Blacks In Educable Mentally Handicapped Programs In K-12 Schools Within The 67 Florida Public School Districts, Arlene H. Thomson

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Placement into educable mentally handicapped (EMH) programs is necessary for some students in order to allow them the opportunity to receive an education appropriate for their special needs. Nonetheless, identification as EMH is often perceived as negative and demeaning. Decades of research have substantiated the over-representation of black students into certain categories of special education, including EMH, in comparison to white and Hispanic students. This disparity has raised questions within schools, academe and research communities, and legislative and governing bodies as to the causes, compelling factors, and related variables impacting the phenomenon. This study investigated the apparent over-representation of blacks ...


An Investigation Of The Proficiency Level Of High School Students With Autism And Mental Retardation Within Community-Based Job Settings: The Relationship Between The Use Of A Hand-Held Computer Compared To Staff Modeling For Accurate Novel Job Skill Acquisition And Student Learning, Kimberly Gen Spence-Cochran Jan 2004

An Investigation Of The Proficiency Level Of High School Students With Autism And Mental Retardation Within Community-Based Job Settings: The Relationship Between The Use Of A Hand-Held Computer Compared To Staff Modeling For Accurate Novel Job Skill Acquisition And Student Learning, Kimberly Gen Spence-Cochran

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the effects and efficacy of two vocational instructional interventions - a Hand-Held Computer intervention versus a Staff Model intervention - as vocational instructional tools for high school students with autism and mental retardation. Specifically, the study analyzed the effects of these two treatments on the completion of authentic novel job tasks within a local department store. This research indicated the provision of specific technology as an instructional model positively influenced participants' ability to: accurately complete tasks, exercise increased independence during task completion, reduce problematic behavior during task completion, and lower necessary staff prompts during task completion. The use of ...