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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Effect Of Varying Data Collection Techniques In Evaluating The Impact Of A Social Problem Solving Curriculum , John Frederick Tompkins Jan 1999

The Effect Of Varying Data Collection Techniques In Evaluating The Impact Of A Social Problem Solving Curriculum , John Frederick Tompkins

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The ability to apply techniques associated with problem solving and decision making has been identified as an area receiving significant emphasis in today's educational programming. Goodman, Gravitt and Kaslow (1995) found that children who had experienced a high impact of negative life events with less effective social problem solving skills reported higher levels of depression compared to children that exhibited more effective social problem solving skills. The following questions are posed as problem statements for this study: (1) Is student performance in social problem solving measured in a one-to-one structured interview enhanced when demonstration or application of skills is ...


A Policy Design Analysis Of Iowa's Educational Excellence Program , Diane Lee Schnelker Jan 1995

A Policy Design Analysis Of Iowa's Educational Excellence Program , Diane Lee Schnelker

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to use the model of Policy Design to identify factors that contributed to the development of Iowa's Educational Excellence Program. Interviews with policy makers and a review of relevant documents were used to reconstruct the development of the program;The results indicated that the program was the result of a confluence of four events: The movement to raise teachers salaries, the education reform movement, the emergence of a more collaborative attitude among policy makers, and the availability of windfall revenues. Further analyses indicated that the values of teachers, education, politics, local control, reform ...


Structural Equation Modeling Of Health Belief Model Influences On Exercise Behavior Among Medical Center Employees , Charles Michael Cychosz Jan 1994

Structural Equation Modeling Of Health Belief Model Influences On Exercise Behavior Among Medical Center Employees , Charles Michael Cychosz

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This investigation had two purposes. First, the study was designed to confirm the factor structure of the Health Belief Model Inventory (HBMI) among employees of a medical center. Second, a causal model was developed and tested using HBMI components to predict exercise behavior;Data were collected from 511 employees of a regional medical center. Analysis of the data included (1) confirmatory factor analysis of the proposed model including benefits, barriers, susceptibility, social influences, cues to action, and perceived physical ability. (2) structural equation modeling of the relationship between these factors and exercise behavior;Confirmatory factor analysis of the HBMI revealed ...


An Analysis Of The Antecedents Of Successful Progress Toward Graduation By Student Athletes At Iowa State University , Roger Vike Hansen Jan 1993

An Analysis Of The Antecedents Of Successful Progress Toward Graduation By Student Athletes At Iowa State University , Roger Vike Hansen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The publicity surrounding the low graduation rate of some collegiate student athletes has resulted in a number of studies attempting to discover significant predictors of student athlete graduation. Previous studies have relied upon relationships developed from zero-order correlation and multiple regression on a single dependent variable; either a dichotomously scored variable reflecting whether or not the student athlete graduated or cumulative grade point average (GPA). Too often, by the time the independent variables have manifested themselves, it was too late for the student athlete to successfully complete the academic requirements for graduation;This study hypothesized that (1) academic success consisted ...


Effectiveness Of Training On Algorithms Versus Notation For Indirect Addressing Comprehension , Robert Dee Franks Jan 1992

Effectiveness Of Training On Algorithms Versus Notation For Indirect Addressing Comprehension , Robert Dee Franks

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study compared two units of instruction for overcoming difficulties of beginning programmers in understanding and implementing strategies of indirect addressing. One of the units emphasized the algorithms in which indirection was used, whereas the other unit emphasized indirect notation. Both instructional units were delivered by computer to two introduction to Pascal programming classes. Students in each class were randomly divided so that each student used one or the other of the two units;These units were used prior to and were supplementary to three lectures covering indirect notation. The effectiveness of the units were determined by two posttests. One ...


Factors Influencing Classroom Computer Use By Teachers, Mark Andrew Windschitl Jan 1992

Factors Influencing Classroom Computer Use By Teachers, Mark Andrew Windschitl

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Development Of A Causal Model Of Perceptions Of Boards Of Education Which Will Predict Effectiveness In Their Schools , Beth Ellen Ruiz Jan 1991

Development Of A Causal Model Of Perceptions Of Boards Of Education Which Will Predict Effectiveness In Their Schools , Beth Ellen Ruiz

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The present research had two purposes. First the study was designed to assess the perceived actual and ideal functions of school board members and also to examine the differences of district school board perceptions, both over time and geographically. The second purpose of the study was to determine the underlying component factors of the perceptions of Iowa school board members and based on these factors develop and test a causal model of these relationships as related to the effectiveness of the school districts;A random sample of 197 school districts totaling 1119 school board members from 16 states provided one ...


Predicting Educational And Occupational Attainment Among Male And Female Teacher Education Students: An Examination Of High School Extracurricular Participation And Other Selected Characteristics , Alyce Ann Holland Jan 1991

Predicting Educational And Occupational Attainment Among Male And Female Teacher Education Students: An Examination Of High School Extracurricular Participation And Other Selected Characteristics , Alyce Ann Holland

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The current study had two components: Study 1 and Study 2. The purpose of Study 1 was to examine variables that predict graduation from the Iowa State University Teacher Education Program among 2,008 prospective teacher education students who were enrolled in a beginning education course. The analyses were conducted separately for male and female students;College grade point average when enrolled in a beginning education course was the strongest predictor of graduation in teacher education for both male and female students. For females, the three best predictors of graduation in teacher education following college grades, were participation in teacher ...


Estimating Course Difficulty , Daniel James Mundfrom Jan 1991

Estimating Course Difficulty , Daniel James Mundfrom

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The difficulty level of college courses has been identified as a value which varies across courses. A sample of fifty (50) introductory-level college courses was selected and four different measures of course difficulty, (1) perceived difficulty, (2) perceived amount of work, (3) average grade awarded, and (4) average ACT composite of enrolled students, were calculated for each course. The difficulty estimates were examined for consistency for each measure individually, over time, and in comparison with the others. Correlation analysis, multiple regression, factor analysis, hierarchical cluster analysis, and analysis of variance procedures were used. The four measures were combined into one ...


A Comparative Study Of Univariate And Multivariate Methodological Approaches To Educational Research , Robert M. Crawford Jan 1989

A Comparative Study Of Univariate And Multivariate Methodological Approaches To Educational Research , Robert M. Crawford

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to examine a meaningful set of data from a longitudinal educational research project using univariate and multivariate methodological approaches. It was hypothesized that the multivariate analysis would provide a more in-depth and complete understanding of the underlying factors. A second purpose was designed to provide a practical, clear, and concise guide for other educational researchers to draw upon;The researcher first explored the possible relationship between teacher education graduates' teaching certification level and their adequacy ratings on 33 areas of preparation in their teacher education program. A comparison was made between the results of ...


Cognitive Abilities, Affective Characteristics And Learning Strategies As Related To Academic Achievement Among First Year Nursing Students: Test Validation And Causal Modelling , Sandra Beermann Chacko Jan 1989

Cognitive Abilities, Affective Characteristics And Learning Strategies As Related To Academic Achievement Among First Year Nursing Students: Test Validation And Causal Modelling , Sandra Beermann Chacko

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The present research had two purposes. First, the study was designed to validate the Learning and Study Strategies Inventory (LASSI) (Weinstein, 1987) with undergraduate nursing students. Second, a causal model of learning for undergraduate nursing students was developed and tested. Results of the validation study were used for the development of the model;The data were collected on 134 first-year nursing students enrolled at a Midwestern community college. Analysis of the data included (1) factor analysis of the LASSI data; (2) Cronbach alpha to estimate internal consistencies of the revised LASSI scales; (3) Pearson product-moment correlations to determine the relationships ...


An Analysis Of A Preservice Teacher Structural Equation Model Under Varying Assumptions And Measurement Conditions , Dean K. Frerichs Jan 1989

An Analysis Of A Preservice Teacher Structural Equation Model Under Varying Assumptions And Measurement Conditions , Dean K. Frerichs

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this study were to develop a structural equation model of preservice teacher variables and to examine alternative methods of testing this model under different assumptions and measurement conditions. A conceptual model was posited to examine variables related to job expectations, academic ability, pre-student teaching preparation, satisfaction with cooperating teacher, self-rated student teaching performance, and quality of teacher preparation program;From this conceptual model of preservice teacher variables, five empirical models were developed and analyzed. Models I and II utilized single indicators computed as composite means of the respective observed standardized indicators. Model I assumed variables were measured ...


Differential Effects Of High And Low Cognitive Load Instructional Methods On Recall And Transfer Of Procedural Knowledge , Brenda Mary Sugrue Jan 1989

Differential Effects Of High And Low Cognitive Load Instructional Methods On Recall And Transfer Of Procedural Knowledge , Brenda Mary Sugrue

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the relative effectiveness of two instructional methods on the recall and transfer of procedural knowledge. The moderating influence of fluid aptitude was examined. An attempt was made to identify the type of cognitive processing induced by the instructional methods. The instructional methods differed in the completeness of support provided for the cognitive processing of procedural knowledge. The high-load method presented complete information about the steps in a procedure, follow by opportunity to practice the correct steps. The low-load method initially presented incomplete information about the steps and forced the learner to actively construct the correct steps by ...


An Analysis Of The Career Paths Of Isu Teacher Education Graduates Utilizing A Cross-Validating Discriminant Analysis Technique , Arunee Kumlung Jan 1988

An Analysis Of The Career Paths Of Isu Teacher Education Graduates Utilizing A Cross-Validating Discriminant Analysis Technique , Arunee Kumlung

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to cross-validate the prediction portion of the Career Path Model developed by Sweeney (1987). The Career Path Model was used to predict the One Year Career Path and Five Year Career Path groups of ISU teacher education graduates;The sample of 1981/1982 academic year graduates (N = 154) was treated as the cross-validation sample, while the sample from Sweeney's study, 1980/1981 academic year graduates (N = 246) served as the development sample;The results of the cross-validating discriminant analysis procedure indicated that in One Year Career Path groups, the set of discriminators from ...


Parent Influence On Academic Achievement: An Idiographic Study , William Benjamin Matthew Jan 1988

Parent Influence On Academic Achievement: An Idiographic Study , William Benjamin Matthew

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The research literature suggests that frequent parental knowledge of their child's academic achievement is a necessary, but perhaps not a sufficient, condition for an improvement in achievement. Parents who are provided with frequent feedback about their child's academic achievement, along with a systematic method to manage their child's achievement, may be able to improve achievement in the absence of any systematic in-school intervention.


The Effects Of Financial Stress On The Academic Achievement Of Young Adolescents From Farm And Nonfarm Families , Dania S. Clark-Lempers Jan 1987

The Effects Of Financial Stress On The Academic Achievement Of Young Adolescents From Farm And Nonfarm Families , Dania S. Clark-Lempers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated whether financial stress brought about by economic changes in farm communities had an effect on academic achievement of young adolescents. Additionally, whether this effect was mediated by the social support of parents and/or the degree of dissonance in relationships with parents was also studied. Young adolescents, mothers and fathers from 105 farm and nonfarm families participated. The degree of financial hardship reported by the adolescents was positively related to their feelings of depression and to the degree of dissonance in their relationships with their parents. Their perceptions of financial hardship were negatively related to the amount ...


Career Satisfaction Of Beginning Teachers In Iowa , Seung-Ho Kang Jan 1987

Career Satisfaction Of Beginning Teachers In Iowa , Seung-Ho Kang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the relationships between selected variables and teacher career satisfaction, and tested 14 research hypotheses formulated on the basis of literature review and a theoretical model of teacher career satisfaction. The sample consisted of 586 first-year teachers in Iowa in the 1985-86 school year. Findings partially supported the hypotheses and the theoretical model. Specifically, no significant relationships between personal characteristics (age and sex) and overall career satisfaction of beginning teachers were found. No significant difference in the overall career satisfaction at different academic preparation levels was found. Elementary teachers were significantly more satisfied with teaching than were either ...


A Path Analytical Approach To Parents And Teacher Expectation Effects On Achievement For Middle School Students , Joon Ok Lee Jan 1987

A Path Analytical Approach To Parents And Teacher Expectation Effects On Achievement For Middle School Students , Joon Ok Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the research was twofold: One was to identify the nature of relationships of selected structural, attitudinal, and process variables of the home and school while the other was to test the hypothetical path models of parents and teacher expectation effects on pre-adolescents school learning. It was hypothesized that parent expectations for the child's achievement might be mediated by parent involvement, student expectations, and effort to achievement as well as teacher expectations might be mediated by teacher clarity, student expectations, and effort;The data were obtained from the responses of 115 sixth grade and 109 eighth grade ...


Evaluation Of A Logo Computer Curriculum For Upper Level Elementary School Students , Marilyn Hecht Blaustein Jan 1986

Evaluation Of A Logo Computer Curriculum For Upper Level Elementary School Students , Marilyn Hecht Blaustein

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

With the proliferation of computers in the elementary schools, evaluation of computer curricula has become increasingly important. One of the purposes of this study was to test a causal model that attempted to identify factors related to upper elementary school students' attitudes and performance using the computer programming language Logo. Factors considered included student entry characteristics, attitudes toward the computer experience, subjective and objective measures of achievement, as well as sex and grade. A secondary area of emphasis was the effect of sex on attitudes, experiences and performance using the Logo language. The model was operationalized using measures derived from ...


Program Evaluation In Baccalaureate Schools Of Nursing , Linda H. Brady Jan 1986

Program Evaluation In Baccalaureate Schools Of Nursing , Linda H. Brady

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Although the need for accountability is well documented throughout the literature of nursing education, the use of a model of program evaluation to provide the direction necessary for the plan of program evaluation is neither universally documented nor universally recognized throughout the discipline;This study was designed for several purposes: to describe prevailing practices in program evaluation by baccalaureate schools of nursing throughout the country; to present a model of program evaluation for nursing education that incorporates the essence of the emphasis from the specialized accrediting body for nursing as well as recommendations from current literature pertinent to program evaluation ...


Using Programming Protocols To Investigate The Effects Of Manipulative Computer Models On Student Learning , Elizabeth June Bruene Hooper Jan 1986

Using Programming Protocols To Investigate The Effects Of Manipulative Computer Models On Student Learning , Elizabeth June Bruene Hooper

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study addressed two important instructional issues regarding programming education: what novices must learn in order to achieve programming success and how learning experiences should be organized to help novices acquire programming knowledge. The primary goals of this investigation were (1) to document programming behavior in an attempt to learn more about the novice's preconceptions and intuitions about programming and (2) to evaluate the effects of a manipulative computer-based model on student learning;The study was conducted using a posttest quasi-experimental design. Students assigned to the treatment group completed a series of "programming-like" computer tasks using a manipulative model ...


An Impact Assessment Of The Training For Rural Development (Trd) Project At The Village Level In Tanzania , Vedasto Rutachokozibwa Jan 1985

An Impact Assessment Of The Training For Rural Development (Trd) Project At The Village Level In Tanzania , Vedasto Rutachokozibwa

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The thrust of this research was to determine the magnitude of the training program effectiveness and applicability of the TRD project for village development in agriculture and other rural aspects as perceived by villagers. The project espouses people's participation as a basis for developing training programs;The research was conducted in the 1979 TRD pilot regions in Southern Tanzania. Adult village members from 15 villages comprised the population of the study. Data were collected during July and August 1984 through personal interviews with a three-part questionnaire from 331 randomly selected TRD-trained and non-TRD-trained village residents;The validity and reliability ...


Factors Underlying The Grading Attitude Of Industrial Education Instructors At Midwestern State Universities , Anusorn Skulkhu Jan 1983

Factors Underlying The Grading Attitude Of Industrial Education Instructors At Midwestern State Universities , Anusorn Skulkhu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this study were to factor analyze the grading attitude of the industrial education instructors from midwestern state universities and to compare the factors of grading attitude of the instructors who differed in sex, number of years of college teaching, academic rank, highest education degree attained, number of college credits of educational evaluation completed, and type of courses taught;A seven-point Likert-type grading attitude survey was developed by the investigator. The randomly selected sample to whom the survey instrument was administered consisted of one hundred ninety-four industrial education instructors who taught at midwestern state universities. Factor analysis and ...


Validating Measures Of Theoretical Constructs Useful In Examining College Persistence , Margaret Anna O'Toole Healy Jan 1983

Validating Measures Of Theoretical Constructs Useful In Examining College Persistence , Margaret Anna O'Toole Healy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined persistence in college using the model proposed by Spady (1970) and modified by Tinto (1975) in which students must be adequately regulated by the institution's values and goals in order to achieve goal commitment and must be adequately integrated into the social system of the institution in order to achieve institutional commitment. The purpose of this study was to develop reliable measures of the concepts, goal commitment and institutional commitment, and to validate them in terms of whether or not they are useful in identifying direct-from-high-school students who will or will not satisfactorily persist from the ...


A Comparison Between Traditional And Nontraditional Elementary Schools On The Basis Of The Academic Achievement And Self-Esteem Of Students And Parental Perceptions Of The Education Provided , Willie C. Johnson Jan 1982

A Comparison Between Traditional And Nontraditional Elementary Schools On The Basis Of The Academic Achievement And Self-Esteem Of Students And Parental Perceptions Of The Education Provided , Willie C. Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine how students who were provided a fundamental elementary school curriculum compared with those who were provided a regular elementary school curriculum in the areas of basic skills and self-concept. The study also compared the perceptions of students' parents to determine if there were differences in their attitudes toward the education provided. The sample consisted of 52 fundamental school students, 52 regular school students, and 50 of their parents;Univariate analysis of variance was employed to test differences between fundamental and regular school students' achievement as measured by the Iowa Test of Basic ...


A Comparison Of: Four Multiple Prediction Selection Techniques, Mathematical And Empirical Estimation Of Weight Validity, And The Quality Of Prediction Of Three Different Combinations Of A Real Life Data Set , Ahmad Suleiman Audeh Jan 1982

A Comparison Of: Four Multiple Prediction Selection Techniques, Mathematical And Empirical Estimation Of Weight Validity, And The Quality Of Prediction Of Three Different Combinations Of A Real Life Data Set , Ahmad Suleiman Audeh

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The present study investigated the performance of four multiple regression techniques: stepwise, forward, backward and Maximizing Weight Validity (MWV) in predicting the success of freshman students, as measured by Freshman GPA, in the college of science at Yarmouk University, Irbid-Jordan, from the grades of five academic subjects selected by an exploratory analysis from eight available subjects taken from the General Secondary Education Certificate Examination (GSECE). The shrinkage in the squared validity coefficient (R('2)) was compared with the corresponding values calculated from the three mathematical shrinkage formulas (Wherry, Lord-Nicholson and Stein-Darlington). The original eight variables were numerically reduced by three ...


Investigation Of Students' Study Habits Under Traditional And Phase Achievement Systems Of Instruction In A College Biology Course , Abdullatif Jassim Al-Hashash Jan 1981

Investigation Of Students' Study Habits Under Traditional And Phase Achievement Systems Of Instruction In A College Biology Course , Abdullatif Jassim Al-Hashash

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The present study evaluated the effectiveness of two different systems of instruction, the traditional method and the phase achievement method, and their relationship to different informational variables--use of lectures, textbooks, study guides and video cassette tapes provided for students in a college biology course at Iowa State University. The phase achievement method is a self-paced instructional system which shares some common elements with a personalized system of instruction (PSI), and Bloom's mastery strategy. In this system, learning objectives must be clearly defined, selected, and organized into relatively small units to help students as a guide and to provide levels ...


The Relationship Between Selected Evaluator And Decision Maker Characteristics And The Impact Of An Evaluation , Valerie J. Ruffo Broughton Jan 1981

The Relationship Between Selected Evaluator And Decision Maker Characteristics And The Impact Of An Evaluation , Valerie J. Ruffo Broughton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The need for and frequency of program evaluations has increased during the past two decades. Professionals involved with program evaluation have expressed dissatisfaction with the minimal impact evaluation information has had on program planning and decisions. Therefore, researchers have begun to investigate factors contributing to varying degrees of evaluation usefulness. This study focused on an evaluation utilization model which predicted that evaluator, decision maker, program and context, and report and process variables affected the impact of an evaluation. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of certain evaluator and decision maker characteristics on the usefulness of a ...


Evaluation Of Self-Paced, Mastery And Traditional Instruction In A University Anatomy And Physiology Course Using Comparative And Attribute By Treatment Interaction Designs , Thomas A. Stinard Jan 1980

Evaluation Of Self-Paced, Mastery And Traditional Instruction In A University Anatomy And Physiology Course Using Comparative And Attribute By Treatment Interaction Designs , Thomas A. Stinard

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Relationship Between Perceived Adaptation To The New School Setting And Academic Standing In The New School Among The Indochinese Refugee Students In Iowa Junior And Senior High Schools , Liem Thanh Nguyen Jan 1979

Relationship Between Perceived Adaptation To The New School Setting And Academic Standing In The New School Among The Indochinese Refugee Students In Iowa Junior And Senior High Schools , Liem Thanh Nguyen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.