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G76-315 Establishing Black Walnut, Rick Hamilton, Neal E. Jennings Jan 1976

G76-315 Establishing Black Walnut, Rick Hamilton, Neal E. Jennings

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This publication contains information on establishing a black walnut plantation.

Based on current market conditions, $20,000 to $30,000 worth of black walnut timber can be harvested from a managed acre within 50 years. The total cost of establishing an acre rarely exceeds $100, including site preparation, cost of seedlings, planting, and weed control. The decision to invest in a walnut plantation can be based on:

1. The rate of return on $100 per acre invested is 11.3 percent to 11.9 percent, yielding $20,000 to $30,000 within 50 years. The same investment at 6 percent ...


G75-237 Boxelder Bugs (Revised June 1992), Frederick P. Baxendale, David L. Keith Jan 1975

G75-237 Boxelder Bugs (Revised June 1992), Frederick P. Baxendale, David L. Keith

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses the importance, life history and control of boxelder bugs.

Description

Boxelder bug adults are about 1/2 inch long. They are slate-gray with three red lines behind the head and red lines on the wings. The rear half of the wings have a reddish margin and the abdomen under the wings is also red. Nymphs (young bugs) are bright red with darker heads. They resemble adults, but their wings do not fully develop until they reach maturity.


G75-282 Emergency Wind Erosion Control (Revised March 1992), John A. Smith, Drew J. Lyon, Elbert C. Dickey, Philip Rickey Jan 1975

G75-282 Emergency Wind Erosion Control (Revised March 1992), John A. Smith, Drew J. Lyon, Elbert C. Dickey, Philip Rickey

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide covers temporary techniques for emergency wind erosion control, when time and prior planning don't allow soil or seedlings adequate protection using more desirable methods. Soil erosion by wind is a serious threat to growing crops, our land resource, and the air we breathe. The best solution to soil erosion is long-term planning. Recommended practices include residue or crop cover, strip cropping, and windbreaks. These practices are known to substantially reduce wind erosion in even the most extreme conditions. However, conditions sometimes occur when serious soil erosion is imminent or has just begun, and corrective action is required ...


G74-121 Sandbur Control In Field Corn (Revised January 1999), Gail A. Wicks, Robert G. Wilson Jr. Jan 1974

G74-121 Sandbur Control In Field Corn (Revised January 1999), Gail A. Wicks, Robert G. Wilson Jr.

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Sandbur can be a major weed problem in cornfields if not properly controlled. This NebGuide discusses mechanical and chemical alternatives for controlling sandbur.

Sandbur is a problem weed on coarse to fine-textured soil. The North Platte Valley, southwest and west central Nebraska, and the Sandhills are areas in the state where sandbur is a major weed problem in corn. Sandbur seldom becomes a primary weed problem in eastern Nebraska. Both field (Cenchrus pauciflorus Benth.) and longspine [Cenchrus longispinus (Hack.) Fern.] sandbur grow in Nebraska.


G74-202 Wheat Soil-Borne Mosaic Disease (Revised October 2001), John E. Watkins Jan 1974

G74-202 Wheat Soil-Borne Mosaic Disease (Revised October 2001), John E. Watkins

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Host range, symptoms, disease cycle, and control options for wheat soil-borne mosaic disease are discussed.

Wheat soil-borne mosaic virus affects wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) growing primarily in central, eastern and west central Nebraska. This disease occurs annually; however, its effect on crop production in Nebraska varies from year to year due to variety selection, cropping practices and environmental conditions favoring disease development. In years when spring temperatures remain cool for extended periods, the virus remains active in infected plants, enhancing symptom development and increasing yield loss. The virus reduces tillering and affects kernel weights and test weights.


G74-108 Wilts Of Cucurbits (Revised October 1994), James R. Steadman, David L. Keith, Laurie Hodges Jan 1974

G74-108 Wilts Of Cucurbits (Revised October 1994), James R. Steadman, David L. Keith, Laurie Hodges

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Discussion covers the symptoms, disease cycles, and control measures for bacterial and Fusarium wilts of cucurbits, including cucumbers, cantaloupe, watermelons, squash, and pumpkins. Wilt caused by squash vine borer also is covered.


G74-182 Caring For African Violets, Don Steinegger, John E. Watkins, Anne Vidaver, Frederick P. Baxendale Jan 1974

G74-182 Caring For African Violets, Don Steinegger, John E. Watkins, Anne Vidaver, Frederick P. Baxendale

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

African violets are low, compact plants with attractive dark green, thick, hairy leaves. This NebGuide covers various aspects of caring for them.

The African violet (Saintpaulia ionantha) is one of the most satisfactory flowering houseplants. It is a low, compact plant with attractive dark green, thick, hairy leaves. The violet-like flowers are borne in small panicles just above the foliage. Besides various shades of blue-violet, there are also pink, fuschia, and white cultivars (varieties). Newer violets include not only cultivars with single flowers, but also those with semi-double or double rows of petals. Bi-colored flowers and those with a contrasting ...


G74-171 Summer Annual Forage Grasses (Revised January 1986), Bruce Anderson, Paul Guyer Jan 1974

G74-171 Summer Annual Forage Grasses (Revised January 1986), Bruce Anderson, Paul Guyer

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses production practices, methods of use, and precautions for using summer annual grasses.

Summer annual grasses are used for summer pasture, green chop, hay, silage, and winter pasture. They are often used as sources of emergency forage. In addition, residues of summer annuals make an excellent seedbed mulch for new stands of perennial grass, particularly on sands.

The summer annual grasses most often used for forage in Nebraska are sudangrass, hybrid sudangrass, sorghum-sudangrass hybrids, and forage sorghums. Foxtail millet and pearl millet are used occasionally. Each of these grasses has unique growth characteristics that require proper management for ...


G74-142 Harvesting And Preserving Hay Crop Silage, Rick Grant, Rick Stock Jan 1974

G74-142 Harvesting And Preserving Hay Crop Silage, Rick Grant, Rick Stock

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide describes principles of successful hay crop harvest, silage preservation, management techniques to obtain high quality hay crop silage, and proper use of silage storage facilities.

Most hay (legume and grass) crops can be ensiled, or made into silage, successfully. For best feeding value and preservation, consider the special requirements for ensiling each crop.

Hays to be ensiled should be selected on the basis of economics. Which are the most profitable for supplying nutrients? For example, legumes have a relatively higher value for dairy herds than for beef finishing operations because of dairy cows' higher requirement for protein.


G74-113 A Quick Test For Atrazine Carryover (Revised March 1989), Alex Martin, R.N. Stougaard, Patrick J. Shea Jan 1974

G74-113 A Quick Test For Atrazine Carryover (Revised March 1989), Alex Martin, R.N. Stougaard, Patrick J. Shea

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

How can you tell if you have atrazine carryover in your fields? Plants grown in soil samples can tell.

Residues of atrazine may remain in the soil and affect some susceptible crops the next year. Crops most often affected include soybeans, field beans, sugarbeets, alfalfa, oats, wheat and many broadleaf horticultural crops.

Attempts to predict the extent of carryover and damage to sensitive crops the year following atrazine use have been only partially successful. The rate of atrazine disappearance and, therefore, the amount remaining the next year, is affected by soil texture, pH and organic matter content, as well as ...


G74-165 Understand Your Soil Test: Calcium, Magnesium, Boron, Copper, Chlorine, Molybdenum, Delno Knudsen, K.D. Frank Jan 1974

G74-165 Understand Your Soil Test: Calcium, Magnesium, Boron, Copper, Chlorine, Molybdenum, Delno Knudsen, K.D. Frank

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

It is possible to analyze soil samples for any of the 13 essential elements which plants obtain from the soil. This does not mean that the results obtained can be used to predict adequacy or deficiency for plant growth.

The value obtained from any chemical procedure used to determine each element must be shown to be related to (1) crop response from application of that element (correlation) and (2) the soil test level at which response occurs (calibration). Crop response is usually measured as yield, but may also be a quality factor. Field plot and greenhouse research are used to ...


G74-187 Care Of Cactus In The Home, Dale T. Lindgren Jan 1974

G74-187 Care Of Cactus In The Home, Dale T. Lindgren

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

The care and propagation of cacti is featured in this NebGuide. A special section on Christmas cactus is included.

Cacti are among the most fascinating groups of indoor plants. Often described as arid desert plants, they also are found in forests and on prairies. In Nebraska several native species of cactus intermingle with prairie grasses.


G74-186 Cannas, Donald E. Janssen, Don Steinegger Jan 1974

G74-186 Cannas, Donald E. Janssen, Don Steinegger

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Cannas are quick growing, vigorous ornamental plants with heavy foliage and large flowers.

Flower colors range from dark red to light green. Leaf colors can be reddish-purple, bronze or green. They are used most effectively for bedding plants in public parks and larger home grounds where they can be planted in front of taller shrubbery and viewed from a distance. Their vigor and size make them less desirable for planting in restricted areas.


G74-189 Growing Dahlias, Don Steinegger, John E. Watkins, Frederick P. Baxendale Jan 1974

G74-189 Growing Dahlias, Don Steinegger, John E. Watkins, Frederick P. Baxendale

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Propagation, culture, diseases, and insects of dahlias are covered here.

The dahlia is a versatile flowering plant, providing a wide array of sizes, forms and colors. Flowers range from half-inch pompons to giants. Flower forms vary from daisy-shaped singles to fully double types with intermediate forms, such as anemone.

Dahlia cultivars which flower the first year from seed are referred to as annuals. Many of these annuals form tuberous roots the first year. These tuberous roots can be saved for use next year.


G74-188 Amaryllis Culture, Don Steinegger, John E. Watkins Jan 1974

G74-188 Amaryllis Culture, Don Steinegger, John E. Watkins

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

The hybrid amaryllis (Hippeastrum) is a tender bulb easily grown in pots. Amaryllis is prized for its huge showy flowers ranging from scarlet or crimson to white in color, and often striped or mottled.

Amaryllis can be grown outdoors throughout the year in mild climates, but must be grown indoors in Nebraska except during the warm summer months. Amaryllis is prized for its huge showy flowers ranging from scarlet or crimson to white in color, and often striped or mottled. Most amaryllis are Dutch or African hybrids selected for flower size, color and ease of forcing. The usual flowering season ...


G73-73 Sweet Potatoes (Revised June 1992), R.E. Neild, Laurie Hodges Jan 1973

G73-73 Sweet Potatoes (Revised June 1992), R.E. Neild, Laurie Hodges

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Varieties, requirements and culture, harvesting and storage of sweet potatoes.

The sweet potato, a member of the morning glory plant family, is native to tropical America. It is an important food plant in warmer regions of the world and is adapted to southeastern Nebraska. Sweet potatoes may be boiled, baked, fried, or candied. They have high food value. Varieties with deeply yellow colored roots are a good source of vitamin A.


G73-60 Working With Wood I. Home Drying Lumber (Revised July 1987), Michael Kuhns, Richard Straight Jan 1973

G73-60 Working With Wood I. Home Drying Lumber (Revised July 1987), Michael Kuhns, Richard Straight

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Avoid the expense of kiln-dried lumber by processing and drying your own lumber at home.

Anyone who has done much woodworking knows how expensive high quality, kiln-dried, hardwood lumber can be. Even kiln-dried construction lumber is expensive. Besides expense, there also may be problems with finding certain species of wood, highly figured wood, or hardwood boards thicker than one inch (4/4).

One way to avoid these problems is to dry your own lumber. Green, unsurfaced, or unplaned lumber can be obtained from many small sawmills in Nebraska and surrounding states. You may also want to obtain your own logs ...


G73-45 Managing Black Walnut Plantations For Timber (Revised March 1979), Neal E. Jennings, Frank A. Hershey Jan 1973

G73-45 Managing Black Walnut Plantations For Timber (Revised March 1979), Neal E. Jennings, Frank A. Hershey

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

A basic knowledge of tree needs and the application of simple management principles are required to produce quality black walnut timber.

Black walnut (Juglans nigra) is a high value timber species. The only way to maximize profit from black walnut plantations is by good timber management. Management practices that increase growth, improve quality and reduce damage, substantially increase profit. A basic knowledge of tree needs and the application of simple management principles are required to produce quality black walnut timber.

Protection, pruning and thinning are the major management activities.


G73-4 Bagworms (Revised June 1987), Frederick P. Baxendale Jan 1973

G73-4 Bagworms (Revised June 1987), Frederick P. Baxendale

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Bagworms can damage juniper, arborvitae, pine, and spruce. Description, life history, and control are discussed in this publication.

The bagworm is native to the United States and is found in eastern Nebraska. Bagworms feed on many species of trees and shrubs, but are most common on junipers. They are rarely a serious problem on deciduous trees, except when larvae move away from evergreens.


G73-12 Iris Borer Control, David L. Keith, Frederick P. Baxendale Jan 1973

G73-12 Iris Borer Control, David L. Keith, Frederick P. Baxendale

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Scouting, prevention and control of the iris borer.

This insect is the most serious insect pest of iris in Nebraska and is found virtually everywhere in the state. Damage is characterized by dark, streaked, or watery areas and ragged edges on the developing leaves of iris in May and June and extensive destruction of the insides of the rhizomes in July and early August. Examination late in summer will reveal a large white to pinkish caterpillar from 1 1/2 to 2 inches long in the rhizome, usually accompanied by a foul-smelling soft rot.


G73-71 Lettuce (Revised April 1990), R.E. Neild, Roger D. Uhlinger Jan 1973

G73-71 Lettuce (Revised April 1990), R.E. Neild, Roger D. Uhlinger

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Successfully growing and harvesting lettuce is the focus of this NebGuide.

Lettuce is an increasingly popular vegetable in the United States. Because it is a basic ingredient in salads, lettuce is eaten more frequently than any other vegetable. Lettuce can be served alone with a variety of dressings or mixed with other fresh vegetables.

Its fresh color and crisp texture serve well as a garnish, and its leaves may be stuffed with fruit, cheese, seafood, poultry, ham, or egg salads. Although usually consumed fresh, leaf lettuce and chopped green onions "wilted" with warm vegetable oil and vinegar make a pleasing ...


G73-46 Hessian Fly On Wheat, John E. Foster, Gary L. Hein Jan 1973

G73-46 Hessian Fly On Wheat, John E. Foster, Gary L. Hein

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses the life cycle, control and prevention of the Hessian fly. Plant-safe dates and resistant wheat varieties are also examined.

The Hessian fly, Mayetiola destructor (Say), is not native to the United States, but was probably introduced by Hessian soldiers during the Revolutionary War. This insect was given its common name by Americans because of its damage on Long Island in 1779. The pest has become distributed throughout the United States wheat production areas since then.

The Hessian fly belongs to the family of insects known as gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae), a group noted for their habit of ...


Ec70-923 Care And Cooking Of Game Meats (Revised), Ethel Diedrichsen Jan 1970

Ec70-923 Care And Cooking Of Game Meats (Revised), Ethel Diedrichsen

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Game meats, like domestic meats, are best when properly dressed and cooked. Good eating depends upon the treatment the animal receives when killed. For high quality meat, the animal should be promptly bled, dressed and cooked under sanitary conditions. Much good game is ruined because this procedure is not followed.

This Extension circular covers the handling of wild game and includes recipes for all wild game.


Ec60-923 Care And Cooking Of Game Meats, Ethel Diedrichsen Jan 1960

Ec60-923 Care And Cooking Of Game Meats, Ethel Diedrichsen

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Game meats, like domestic meats, are best when properly dressed and cooked. Good eating depends upon the treatment the animal receives when killed. For high quality meat, the animal should be properly bled, dressed and cooked under sanitary conditions. Much good game is ruined because this procedure is not followed.

This Extension circular will inform you how to care for your wild game and contains recipes on how to prepare and cook it.


Rb58-186 The Existing Space In Nebraska Multistory Tee Houses, Virginia Y. Trotter Jan 1958

Rb58-186 The Existing Space In Nebraska Multistory Tee Houses, Virginia Y. Trotter

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

In this manuscript, data are presented regarding the space and characteristics of multistory tee-shaped farmhouses. The tee house is shaped like the letter "t", one wing perpendicular to the main portion of the house in such a way that the main portion projects on each side.

The multistory tee house as found to be most prevalent in the areas of Nebraska included in this study. The sample comprised houses chosen by a method of random sampling. A personal interview was made at each farmhouse by a home economist and an agricultural engineer. Detailed measurements of the entire house and a ...


Ec46-223 My Kitchen Jan 1946

Ec46-223 My Kitchen

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

I have often dreamed of having a kitchen which would be cheerful, convenient, cleanable, and comfortable. If we should build a new home, and I could create my dream kitchen, it would fit the needs of my family, our living habits, our standards of meal preparation and serving, the equipment we could afford, and the amount of help and company we are likely to have.

After looking at pictures and plans, reading literature, and talking to others, I believe that step-saving, workable kitchens don't just happen. There evidently are some basic principles to follow. Several years' experience can give ...


Ec44-5-116 Christmas At Wartime, Clara M. Newleee Jan 1944

Ec44-5-116 Christmas At Wartime, Clara M. Newleee

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Should we celebrate Christmas during war times? Why not? Does it help the heartache to sit glumly in the corner and moan? Will this help one or will it help the boy or girl in the service of his or her country? In these war times with all their bad influences and horrible happenings we need to keep up at home every type of mellowing influence and to search out all the inspirational ideals available.

It's fun to make gifts. Much of the joy of Christmas comes in the anticipation and preparation. The making of gifts adds personal touch ...