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Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

1984

Articles 1 - 27 of 27

Full-Text Articles in Education

G84-732 Property Taxes In Nebraska (Revised September 1992), A.L. (Roy) Frederick Jan 1984

G84-732 Property Taxes In Nebraska (Revised September 1992), A.L. (Roy) Frederick

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This is one of a series of NebGuides on financing state and local government. This publication describes how property taxes support local government functions.

The property tax is the primary source of revenue for more than 3,000 units of local government in Nebraska, including school districts, counties and municipalities. In 1991, statewide property tax levies totalled $1.257 billion, a sum that approximated the combined revenues from state income and sales taxes.


G84-698 Selecting A Ground Cover (Revised July 1999), Anne Streich, Don Steinegger Jan 1984

G84-698 Selecting A Ground Cover (Revised July 1999), Anne Streich, Don Steinegger

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide describes how to evaluate a site for ground cover and the characteristics of the most common ground cover species grown in Nebraska.

Ground covers are low-growing plants used in landscaping for mulching or covering the soil. They are typically low growing but may range in height from just inches to over 4 feet tall. Ground covers differ in color, texture and form and can be herbaceous, woody, succulent or grassy. Some have attractive flowers, while others are grown only for their foliage.

Selecting the best species for a site is important to its success as a ground cover ...


G84-734 State Income Taxes In Nebraska (Revised March 1992), A.L. (Roy) Frederick Jan 1984

G84-734 State Income Taxes In Nebraska (Revised March 1992), A.L. (Roy) Frederick

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This is one of a series of NebGuides on financing state and local government. This publication describes how income taxes support state government functions.

State government in Nebraska has levied a tax on income since 1968. This tax applies to income earned by individuals, fiduciaries (trusts and estates) and corporations.

Prior to 1987, Nebraska's income tax for individuals and fiduciaries was based on a percentage of federal income tax liability.


G84-733 General Sales And Use Taxes In Nebraska (Revised March 1992), A.L.(Roy) Frederick Jan 1984

G84-733 General Sales And Use Taxes In Nebraska (Revised March 1992), A.L.(Roy) Frederick

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This is one of a series of NebGuides on financing state and local government. This publication describes how sales taxes support state and municipal government functions.

A sales or use tax is a tax on consumption. It is paid by adding it to the price of purchased products.

Sales and use taxes in Nebraska (and most other states) have several dimensions.


G84-731 Financing Correctional Services In Nebraska (Revised December 1992), A.L. (Roy) Frederick Jan 1984

G84-731 Financing Correctional Services In Nebraska (Revised December 1992), A.L. (Roy) Frederick

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This is one of a series of NebGuides on financing state and local government. This publication focuses on correctional services.

Correctional services include confinement and correction of adults and juveniles convicted of offenses against the law plus probation and parole activities. In Nebraska, both local (mostly county) governments and state government, through the Nebraska Department of Correctional Services, provide such services. The federal government also maintains confinement and correctional facilities for those convicted of federal crimes, but no such facility is located in Nebraska. Sometimes, however, the federal government pays the state, or even counties, to assume custody of federal ...


G84-730 Financing Social Services In Nebraska (Revised December 1992), A.L. (Roy) Frederick Jan 1984

G84-730 Financing Social Services In Nebraska (Revised December 1992), A.L. (Roy) Frederick

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This is one of a series of NebGuides on financing state and local government. This publication focuses on social services.

Social services programs in Nebraska provide public assistance to individuals who, for reasons beyond their control, are unable to support themselves. Public assistance programs are of two broad types. The first type provides cash assistance directly to those who qualify. All other programs involve payments to vendors (providers) who, in turn, provide needed services.


G84-729 Financing Roads, Streets And Highways In Nebraska (Revised August 1992), A.L. (Roy) Frederick Jan 1984

G84-729 Financing Roads, Streets And Highways In Nebraska (Revised August 1992), A.L. (Roy) Frederick

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This is one of a series of NebGuides on financing state and local government. This publication focuses on roads, streets and highways.

Roads, streets and highways are among the most important "public goods" provided by government. Public goods are items whose availability can't be limited to those who specifically pay for them. In the case of roads, collective support for an adequate surface transportation system is long-standing, extending from the rutted trails of colonial America to the interstate highways of today.


Heg84-190 Rent A Home?, Kathleen Prochaska-Cue, Debra Busch Welsch Jan 1984

Heg84-190 Rent A Home?, Kathleen Prochaska-Cue, Debra Busch Welsch

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses advantages and disadvantages of renting; factors to consider in selecting rental housing, including apartments; and leases, costs and relationships with the landlord.

The word "home" means something special to all of us. A home is more than four walls and a roof that serves as a shelter from wind and rain. It provides us with a sense of belonging, a feeling of security and a place to relax and "be ourselves."

When we are looking for a place to call home, we have a number of needs to be satisfied. Some of these are very practical -- health ...


Heg84-199 Topstitching, Rose Marie Tondl Jan 1984

Heg84-199 Topstitching, Rose Marie Tondl

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide describes the use of topstitching on jackets and coats, including techniques and materials required for a professional look.

Topstitching is an important yet distinctive finishing touch to a jacket or coat. Not only is it decorative, but a line of topstitching helps to keep interfacings in place, creates a neat, crisp edge on a tailored jacket, and accents seams. Topstitching can be done in various places on the garment, including lapels, pockets and pocket flaps, hems, cuffs, pleats, waistbands and major seams.


Heg84-197 Short Cut Tailoring Techniques: Shoulder Shapes, Rose Marie Tondl Jan 1984

Heg84-197 Short Cut Tailoring Techniques: Shoulder Shapes, Rose Marie Tondl

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide provides instructions on how to make and attach shoulder shapes and sleeve heads to give jackets and coats a smooth, professional look.

Padding or shaping through the shoulder area gives a smooth appearance to a jacket or coat. It also helps to fill out the hollow just beneath the front shoulder and is useful to disguise such figure faults as round, thin, narrow or sloping shoulders. If one shoulder is higher than the other, one shoulder can be padded more than the other so that the garment shoulder lines are the same when the garment is worn. Making ...


Heg84-196 Short Cut Tailoring Techniques: Finishing The Hem, Rose Marie Tondl Jan 1984

Heg84-196 Short Cut Tailoring Techniques: Finishing The Hem, Rose Marie Tondl

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide provides methods for finishing the hems on jackets and coats, with attention to back vents, front facings, and eliminating bulk from the hem.

An inconspicuous hem is a mark of quality construction. A properly finished hem in a tailored garment helps to achieve a professional look and adds the final touch.


Heg84-192 Analyzing Color In Your Wardrobe, Thelma Thompson Jan 1984

Heg84-192 Analyzing Color In Your Wardrobe, Thelma Thompson

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Color is a powerful design element in our environment and our wardrobes. Although color is only one facet of design, it is usually the one that first attracts us to clothing. To learn how to use color, we need to understand the meaning of such terms as hue, value and intensity, and how to combine colors in pleasing harmonies.

This NebGuide discusses the importance of color in your wardrobe and offers suggestions on how to select colors to complement your personal coloring.


Heg84-189 Home Fixit: Maintaining The House Structure, Kathleen Parrott Jan 1984

Heg84-189 Home Fixit: Maintaining The House Structure, Kathleen Parrott

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses how to establish a home maintenance plan and record, including what to look for in a maintenance inspection of the house structure. Are you a homeowner? If so, you have a very important investment to protect. One of the "joys" of home ownership is the maintenance and repair of the structure of the house. We don't always like to think about home maintenance. For example, as long as the roof doesn't leak, we don't worry about it! If we have time or money to spend on our home, we tend to want to use ...


G84-702 Root And Soil Analayses For Nematodes In Corn, David S. Wysong, Eric D. Kerr Jan 1984

G84-702 Root And Soil Analayses For Nematodes In Corn, David S. Wysong, Eric D. Kerr

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide describes how to interpret laboratory results of samples submitted for nematode analysis and discusses ten species that are potentially damaging to corn.

Several kinds of plant parasitic nematodes (small, soil-inhabiting roundworms) are associated with root injury, poor plant color, stunted growth, and reduced grain yields in field corn. Symptoms caused by these pests are often confused with root rot diseases, nutritional deficiencies or climatic stresses. Special laboratory analyses are, therefore, necessary to determine if nematodes are the primary cause of reduced corn performance. Since corn growers may be unfamiliar with nematode diseases, the following discussion of laboratory reports ...


G84-688 Brown Patch Disease Of Turfgrass (Revised June 1999), John E. Watkins, Robert C. Shearman Jan 1984

G84-688 Brown Patch Disease Of Turfgrass (Revised June 1999), John E. Watkins, Robert C. Shearman

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide describes the symptoms and disease cycle of brown patch and gives recommendations for its prevention and control through management, including use of fungicides.

Brown patch of turfgrass is caused by the fungus Rhizoctonia solani Kuehn. All commonly cultivated turfgrasses in Nebraska are affected by this disease, but differences in susceptibility exist within cultivars of the various turfgrass species. Primary hosts are bentgrass, perennial ryegrass, tall fescue and annual bluegrass. Certain species of Rhizoctonia are capable of attacking turfgrass plants from seedling stage to mature plants and are pathogenic over a wide range of environmental conditions. In some literature ...


G84-718 Cannibalism: Cause And Prevention In Poultry, Earl W. Gleaves Jan 1984

G84-718 Cannibalism: Cause And Prevention In Poultry, Earl W. Gleaves

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses reasons why cannibalism occurs in poultry, and provides management procedures for preventing it, including three methods of beak trimming.

Chickens, turkeys, pheasants and quail will literally pick each other to death at times. This problem can be very expensive for the producer and can make life for the flock very uncomfortable. Once cannibalism starts, it readily becomes a habit that must be stopped.

For our purposes, cannibalism includes feather pulling, toe pecking and head, wing, and tail picking. Prevention is much easier for man and bird than is treatment.


G84-711 Managing The Home Goose Breeder Flock, Earl W. Gleaves Jan 1984

G84-711 Managing The Home Goose Breeder Flock, Earl W. Gleaves

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide provides basic information on breed selection, sexing, housing and equipment needed, feeding, breeding, egg care and incubation for the home goose flock.

The goose has been almost completely ignored in the rapid technical developments that have occurred in other parts of the poultry industry in the past 25 years. Experimental work with the domestic goose has been very limited. This means that management recommendations that are pertinent today may not be in the future.


G84-713 Brooding And Rearing The Home Goose Flock, Earl W. Gleaves Jan 1984

G84-713 Brooding And Rearing The Home Goose Flock, Earl W. Gleaves

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses brooding and rearing small geese flocks, including feeding from starter to growing and finishing on pasture, and slaughter, cleaning and processing procedures.

Goose growers in general have not been caught up in the ultra- efficient feed utilization trends that have developed in other parts of the poultry meat industry. This may be due to of the fact that the geese are good foragers. Understandably, growers have concluded that a considerable saving in prepared feeds can be achieved by rearing the birds on pasture. Even without special foods, the goose is more rapid growing than other domestic species ...


Heg94-195 Credit: How To Establish, Protect, And Use It, Marilyn K. Sugden Jan 1984

Heg94-195 Credit: How To Establish, Protect, And Use It, Marilyn K. Sugden

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses how to obtain credit, suggests steps to take if credit is denied, and provides guidelines for managing your credit accounts.

Buy now -- pay later! How many times have you been encouraged to use future income to pay for present needs and wants? Indeed, credit has become a way of life for many American consumers. While abuse of credit has created problems for some, credit itself should not be viewed as a villain. When used properly, credit can be an effective tool to help individuals and families reach financial goals. While credit can be an important part of ...


G84-721 Growing Annual Flowers, Don Steinegger, Susan D. Schoneweis, Steven Rodie, Anne Streich Jan 1984

G84-721 Growing Annual Flowers, Don Steinegger, Susan D. Schoneweis, Steven Rodie, Anne Streich

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses using annuals in landscape design, how to select transplants and proper seeding, planting and cultivating methods.

Annual flowers can be a prime source of color to accent and enliven a home's landscape. While flowering trees and shrubs provide short bursts of color, most annuals begin blooming within a month of planting and flower until frost. The wide range of colors, sizes and species adapted to either sun or shade makes it possible to plant annual flowers almost anywhere. Annuals are perfect for beds, borders, rock gardens, window boxes, hanging baskets or as temporary ground covers and ...


G84-692 Aeration Of Stored Grain (Revised April 1993), David P. Shelton, Thomas L. Thompson Jan 1984

G84-692 Aeration Of Stored Grain (Revised April 1993), David P. Shelton, Thomas L. Thompson

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses the role of aeration as part of a comprehensive management program for maintaining the quality of stored grain.

Grain is stored for a variety of reasons including expectations of higher prices and for use as animal feed. Regardless of the reason, a comprehensive management program is required to maintain grain quality. This includes: 1) making sure that the grain going into storage is dry, clean and in good condition; 2) regularly inspecting the grain to locate temperature, moisture, or insect problems; and 3) aerating the grain to maintain uniform temperature and moisture conditions, prevent localized hot spot ...


G84-738 Management To Minimize Hay Waste, Bruce Anderson, Terry L. Mader Jan 1984

G84-738 Management To Minimize Hay Waste, Bruce Anderson, Terry L. Mader

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses harvest factors that affect hay yield and quality as well as ways to reduce losses during harvest, storage, and feeding.

Hay is harvested, stored, and fed under a wide variety of conditions that influence both its yield and feed value. High quality hay is needed by animals that require high nutrient concentrations to reach desired levels of production. These include dairy cows, finishing beef cattle, fattening lambs, and race horses. Excellent hay management is required to produce the hay needed by these livestock. High quality hay is also used as a supplement to lower quality forages, such ...


Heg84-198 Short Cut Tailoring Techniques: Under And Uppercollar Units, Rose Marie Tondl Jan 1984

Heg84-198 Short Cut Tailoring Techniques: Under And Uppercollar Units, Rose Marie Tondl

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide describes methods for shaping and attaching the under and uppercollar units to facilitate achieving a professional tailored look.

Tailoring is the process of using sewing and pressing techniques to mold and build shape into the garment fabric, define the garment edges and reduce bulk. Tailoring no longer means hours of hand sewing and pad stitching. Today, fusible interfacings and the use of the sewing machine can give similar results formerly obtained only through endless patience and determination.

Tailoring is easier today because pattern styles, fashions, fabrics and sewing products have changed all for the better. A source of ...


G84-737 Soybean Inoculation -- When Is It Necessary?, Roger Wesley Elmore Jan 1984

G84-737 Soybean Inoculation -- When Is It Necessary?, Roger Wesley Elmore

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses when soybean seed should be inoculated and why, and provides recommendations on inoculant types to use. Soybeans can obtain up to half of their nitrogen needs from the air when nitrogen-fixing rhizobia bacteria are present in the soil. Nitrogen fixation is a result of the symbiotic (beneficial to both) relationship of rhizobia and plants. Establishing rhizobia (inoculation) in a field that has never grown soybeans is needed to insure nitrogen fixation. Reinoculation may be necessary in fields with a past history of soybeans.


G84-672 Backyard Wildlife Making It Come Alive, Ron J. Johnson Jan 1984

G84-672 Backyard Wildlife Making It Come Alive, Ron J. Johnson

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide, the last in a series of four, provides "how-to" ideas for getting the most enjoyment from backyard wildlife.

Inviting wildlife to your backyard can be enjoyable, educational, and fun for the whole family. A backyard can offer the fascination of a robin's nest or cardinal's song, the scurry of a squirrel, the speed of a dragonfly, and the beauty of a hummingbird or butterfly at a flower. Wildlife photography is another opportunity. Some of the best songbird photographs have been taken from a blind in a backyard or through a back window. And, songbirds are only ...


G84-727 Financing State And Local Government In Nebraska -- An Overview (Revised March 1992), A.L. (Roy) Frederick Jan 1984

G84-727 Financing State And Local Government In Nebraska -- An Overview (Revised March 1992), A.L. (Roy) Frederick

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This is one of a series of NebGuides on financing state and local government. This publication provides an overview of key trends and issues.

Government's primary purpose is to provide public services. In the United States these services are provided by federal, state and local units of government. Sometimes one entity has full responsibility for providing for a common need, as the federal government does for national defense. Often, however, responsibilities are shared, as in public education.

A wide array of public services are provided because citizens have asked for them. Sometimes it is a minority of citizens who ...


G84-735 State And Local Government Budgets In Nebraska, A.L. (Roy) Frederick, Michael Lundeen Jan 1984

G84-735 State And Local Government Budgets In Nebraska, A.L. (Roy) Frederick, Michael Lundeen

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

The last in a series of nine NebGuides on state funding and sources, this publication discusses state and local subdivision budget preparation and implementation.

All levels of government must plan for the future, making decisions about what services to provide and how to pay for them. This process, called budgeting, is often difficult because "worthy causes" exceed available funds.

According to Nebraska law, both the state government and local government subdivisions must establish annual operating budgets. Moreover, certain procedures must be followed in the development of these budgets. The budgeting process is precisely defined to ensure that citizens have an ...