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Full-Text Articles in Education

How Can The Stages Of Peck's Community-Making Model Be Identified Andpredicted For A Collegiate Basketball Team Over The Course Of Consecutive Seasons?, Troyann I. Gentile Oct 2015

How Can The Stages Of Peck's Community-Making Model Be Identified Andpredicted For A Collegiate Basketball Team Over The Course Of Consecutive Seasons?, Troyann I. Gentile

Troyann I. Gentile

The purpose of this study was to explore how Peck’s (1987) stages of Community-Making could be identified and predicted for a collegiate basketball team over the course of consecutive seasons by exploring Cohesion, Flow, and athletic performance. The study utilized a repeated measures longitudinal survey design with the members of a Division I collegiate level female basketball team (N = 13) during the athletic seasons of 1999/2000 and 2000/2001. Participants completed both the Group Environment Questionnaire (Carron, Brawley, & Widmeyer, 2002) and the Flow State Scale -2 (Jackson & Eklund, 2003) pre and post competition at several times over the ...


Constructing Meaning In Preschool Curricula (In Becoming A Student), Rebecca Kantor Oct 2015

Constructing Meaning In Preschool Curricula (In Becoming A Student), Rebecca Kantor

Rebecca Kantor

No abstract provided.


First The Look And Then The Sound: Creating Conversations At Preschool Circle Time, Rebecca Kantor, Peggy Elgas, David Fernie Oct 2015

First The Look And Then The Sound: Creating Conversations At Preschool Circle Time, Rebecca Kantor, Peggy Elgas, David Fernie

Rebecca Kantor

Becoming a student means learning to interpret and construct the multiple demands for interaction in distinctive classroom events. For an increasing number of children, the preschool provides the setting for the first encounter with these complex and dynamic classroom communicative environments. This article presents an interactional analysis of preschool circle time from an ethnographic perspective. The social participation structure for conducting these events is uncovered using Green's conversational mapping system. Findings suggest that the rules and guidelines, expectations, and roles within the event change over time. The focus of learning within the event, evident in social action rules (Erickson ...


Understanding Natural Sciences Education In A Reggio Emilia-Inspired Preschool In America. Journal Of Research In Science Teaching, Hatice Inan, Kathy Trundle, Rebecca Kantor Oct 2015

Understanding Natural Sciences Education In A Reggio Emilia-Inspired Preschool In America. Journal Of Research In Science Teaching, Hatice Inan, Kathy Trundle, Rebecca Kantor

Rebecca Kantor

This ethnographic study explored aspects of how the natural sciences were represented in a Reggio Emilia-inspired laboratory preschool. The natural sciences as a discipline—a latecomer to preschool curricula—and the internationally known approach, Reggio Emilia, interested educators and researchers, but there was little research about science in a Reggio Emilia classroom. The current research aimed to gain insight into natural science experiences in a Reggio Emilia-inspired classroom. To gain in-depth information, this inquiry-based study adapted a research design with ethnographic data collection techniques (i.e., interview, observation, document/artifact collection, and field-notes), namely Spradley's Developmental Research Sequence Method ...


Reggio Emilia’S Approach To Early Care And Education: Creating Contexts For Discussione (Book Chapter), R. New, Rebecca Kantor Oct 2015

Reggio Emilia’S Approach To Early Care And Education: Creating Contexts For Discussione (Book Chapter), R. New, Rebecca Kantor

Rebecca Kantor

Book Synopsis: From approaches steeped in the history of education, child development, and the psychological sciences, to contemporary approaches that address multiculturalism and inclusion, this comprehensive book, with its contributions by major experts in the field, more thoroughly examines more topics and models than does any other book on the market. Coverage is strengthened by the broad-based expertise of the contributors and the exceptional reach of the programs chosen for discussion. Chapter topics cover programs for infants and toddlers, the Head Start program, a model preschool program for typical and special needs children, behavior analysis and principles in early childhood ...


Being Kitties In A Preschool Classroom: Maintaining Group Harmony And Acting Proper In A Female Peer-Culture Play Routine, Samara Madrid, Rebecca Kantor Oct 2015

Being Kitties In A Preschool Classroom: Maintaining Group Harmony And Acting Proper In A Female Peer-Culture Play Routine, Samara Madrid, Rebecca Kantor

Rebecca Kantor

This study examines how young girls construct emotional themes in their peer-culture play routines and rituals in the daily life of a preschool classroom. This research is part of a larger eight-month ethnographic study of one preschool classroom. The data selected and analysed in this article are taken from a focused six-week theoretical sampling of five female preschool children's play. Micro-level analysis of the data (field notes, videotaping, video revisiting and interviews with teachers and students) revealed how children's peer-culture and emotional themes were socially constructed through a specific play narrative that centred on five females being ‘kitties ...


Cohesion In Spoken And Written Dialogue: An Investigation Of Cultural And Textual Constraints, Johanna Destefano, Rebecca Kantor Oct 2015

Cohesion In Spoken And Written Dialogue: An Investigation Of Cultural And Textual Constraints, Johanna Destefano, Rebecca Kantor

Rebecca Kantor

Interactions of language, culture, minority group membership, and literacy instruction in schools have evidently spelled success for some children but not for others. The purpose of this study was to explore an area of intersection among language use, ethnolinguistic group membership, and literacy learning materials to provide additional insight into the higher rates of literacy problems in urban black and Appalachian cultures. Specifically, it investigated how the informal discourse modes, exemplified by mother-child dialogue in a child's home environment, compared and contrasted with more formal discourse modes, exemplified by dialogue among characters in basal reader stories and in children ...


Becoming A Person In The Preschool: Creating Integrated Gender, School Culture, And Peer Culture Positionings, David Fernie, Bronwyn Davies, Paula Mcmurray, Rebecca Kantor Oct 2015

Becoming A Person In The Preschool: Creating Integrated Gender, School Culture, And Peer Culture Positionings, David Fernie, Bronwyn Davies, Paula Mcmurray, Rebecca Kantor

Rebecca Kantor

This article explores social processes related to the social competence of children evident in preschools and to researchers’ collaborative efforts to understand it. Drawing examples from the authors’ respective programs of research in the United States and Australia, we demonstrate how preschool children struggle to construct their full social membership in classroom discourse to achieve the often simultaneous accomplishment of oneself as a student, peer, and gendered person. With regard to research processes, we demonstrate how researchers with different but compatible theoretical#shresearch perspectives may widen their interpretive lenses through collaborative dialogue, the yield being a more multifaceted vision of ...


The Acquisition Of Classifiers In American Sign Language, Rebecca Kantor Oct 2015

The Acquisition Of Classifiers In American Sign Language, Rebecca Kantor

Rebecca Kantor

The purpose of this study was to obtain data on the developmental stages that deaf children pass through in acquiring the adult form of pronominal classifiers in American Sign Language, by obtaining data on production, comprehension, and imitation from nine children aged three to eleven years. All nine children are congenitally, profoundly deaf and have deaf parents. In all cases classifiers were mastered much later than would be predicted from a timetable for signs with similar structure. Evidence was found for a developmental sequence and for acquisition strategies similar to those that have been identified for hearing children learning a ...


Viewed Through A Prism: Motherhood And Child Care, Rebecca Kantor, Rosemary Bolig Oct 2015

Viewed Through A Prism: Motherhood And Child Care, Rebecca Kantor, Rosemary Bolig

Rebecca Kantor

No abstract provided.


Educating Toddlers To Teachers: Learning To See And Influence The School And Peer Cultures Of Classrooms (Discourse And Social Processes), David Fernie, Samara Madrid, Rebecca Kantor Oct 2015

Educating Toddlers To Teachers: Learning To See And Influence The School And Peer Cultures Of Classrooms (Discourse And Social Processes), David Fernie, Samara Madrid, Rebecca Kantor

Rebecca Kantor

This book illustrates the usefulness of understanding classrooms as peer and school cultural venues for examining diverse topics at any and all grade levels. At the core of the volume are eight empirical ethnographic studies that employ a classroom as cultures framework. The voices of both children and teachers are ever-present in these analyses.


The Construction Of Schooled Discourse Repertoires: An Interactional Sociolinguistic Perspective On Learning To Talk In Preschool, Rebecca Kantor, Judith Green, Mimi Bradley, Lichu Lin Oct 2015

The Construction Of Schooled Discourse Repertoires: An Interactional Sociolinguistic Perspective On Learning To Talk In Preschool, Rebecca Kantor, Judith Green, Mimi Bradley, Lichu Lin

Rebecca Kantor

Analysis of the discourse demands across the school year within a recurrent event, “Circle Time,” is presented to show how 3- and 4-year-old students learned to be conversationally appropriate partners within a group setting, how the teacher's interactional patterns shifted as students learned to participate in socially and academically appropriate ways within this event, and how participation in the subevents of Circle Time (Milling, Transition, Singing, Talking, and Dismissal) placed differing social and communicative demands on both teacher and students. The overtime analysis of one Circle Time subevent, Talking, is presented to illustrate how 3- and 4-year-old students, in ...


Play And The Peer Culture: Play Styles And Object Use, Peggy Elgas, Elisa Klein, Rebecca Kantor, David Fernie Oct 2015

Play And The Peer Culture: Play Styles And Object Use, Peggy Elgas, Elisa Klein, Rebecca Kantor, David Fernie

Rebecca Kantor

In this paper, children's play and friendship in relation to the peer culture was examined from, an ethnographic perspective. Because the majority of interactions in the preschool take place during play, a unique view of the classroom may be obtained by examining the social dynamics of play in the peer culture. This view is based on the assumption that classroom life is at least partially constructed and negotiated through the peer culture. Nineteen children ages three to five, enrolled in a university preschool, were observed and data were collected through extensive videotaping and daily field notes taken by participant ...


Becoming Students And Becoming Ethnographers In A Preschool, David Fernie, Rebecca Kantor, Elisa Klein, Carol Meyer, Peggy Elgas Oct 2015

Becoming Students And Becoming Ethnographers In A Preschool, David Fernie, Rebecca Kantor, Elisa Klein, Carol Meyer, Peggy Elgas

Rebecca Kantor

Preschool poses unique schooling demands which challenge young children to become young students. This distinctive socialization process is the research problem addressed in an ethnography of a preschool classroom. The introduction details practical considerations which suggest the distinctiveness and importance of early education and of children's socialization to it. The first major section presents an integration of relevant socialization theories and a discussion of ethnography as a research perspective. In the next section, the ethnographic research procedures used in the study are explained generally. In a final section, a conceptualization of this preschool classroom as a dynamic configuration of ...


Communicative Interaction: Mother Modification And Child Acquisition Of American Sign Language, Rebecca Kantor Oct 2015

Communicative Interaction: Mother Modification And Child Acquisition Of American Sign Language, Rebecca Kantor

Rebecca Kantor

The communicative interaction in American Sign Language (ASL) of two deaf mothers with their deaf children was studied at 3-week intervals for 10 months to find what modification, if any, the mothers made in their language utterances addressed to the children (12–20 and 20–30 months old). As was hypothesized, and has been shown of hearing-speaking mothers’ language, modification in the direction of simplified and more linear language was found. Special attention was paid to POINTing behavior (i.e. pointing gestures constrained by the linguistic rules of ASL) and to verb “modulation” or inflection (changes from ASL citation forms ...


Cultural Knowledge And Social Competence Within A Preschool Peer Culture Group, Rebecca Kantor, Peggy Elgas, David Fernie Oct 2015

Cultural Knowledge And Social Competence Within A Preschool Peer Culture Group, Rebecca Kantor, Peggy Elgas, David Fernie

Rebecca Kantor

In this ethnographic analysis, social competence and incompetence in an early childhood classroom is examined from a sociocultural perspective. Educational researchers with a sociocultural perspective hold that classrooms can be viewed as cultures where life is patterned, constructed over time by its members interacting with, and reacting to, each other. The study was conducted as part of a larger ethnography that has produced a series of mutually informing analyses that, in tum, have allowed the researchers to move back and forth between a broad understanding of everyday life and more focussed topics such as social competence. Thus, social success in ...


Mixed-Age Grouping In Infant/Toddler Child Care: Enhancing Developmental Processes, Kimberlee Whaley, Rebecca Kantor Oct 2015

Mixed-Age Grouping In Infant/Toddler Child Care: Enhancing Developmental Processes, Kimberlee Whaley, Rebecca Kantor

Rebecca Kantor

This article discusses the benefits of mixed-age grouping in infant/toddler child care programs. Single-age grouping limits the resources available in the room and disrupts developmental processes as young children move from room to room. Benefits of mixed-age grouping are discussed in terms of the children, parents, and teachers.


G00-1778 Field Windbreaks, James Brandle, Laurie Hodges Sep 2012

G00-1778 Field Windbreaks, James Brandle, Laurie Hodges

Laurie Hodges

gricultural producers face many challenges as they try to balance efficient production systems with increasing environmental demands. For these systems to be successful, they must optimize the balance between inputs and final production. Field windbreaks are one way to increase yields while at the same time reducing inputs and improving both environmental quality and production efficiency. Windbreaks reduce wind speed and alter the microclimate in sheltered areas. Field windbreaks reduce wind erosion and the damage to crops caused by wind-blown soil. They improve water use efficiency, reduce risks associated with drought, and manage blowing snow.

Field windbreaks provide positive economic ...


Nf91-43 Blossom End Rot In Tomatoes, Laurie Hodges, Don Steinegger Sep 2012

Nf91-43 Blossom End Rot In Tomatoes, Laurie Hodges, Don Steinegger

Laurie Hodges

This NebFact discusses the causes, prevention and treatment of blossom end rot in tomatoes.


Nf97-353 What Is Quality. . . .In A Tomato?, Laurie Hodges Sep 2012

Nf97-353 What Is Quality. . . .In A Tomato?, Laurie Hodges

Laurie Hodges

This NebFact examines the many factors affecting tomato quality.


Nf96-274 Seed Sources For Commercial Vegetable Production, Laurie Hodges Sep 2012

Nf96-274 Seed Sources For Commercial Vegetable Production, Laurie Hodges

Laurie Hodges

This NebFact has addresses of distributors of seeds for commercial vegetable production.


Engaged Learning, Sandie Waters, Susan Cox Dec 2009

Engaged Learning, Sandie Waters, Susan Cox

Sandie H Waters

Video about 21st century learners (version 2.0)


What Do Great Teachers Do?, Sandie Waters, Susan Cox Dec 2008

What Do Great Teachers Do?, Sandie Waters, Susan Cox

Sandie H Waters

No abstract provided.


The Mean Reply Depth Algorithm: A Correlational Study Of Quantitative Versus Qualitative Measures Of Threaded Discourse, Sandie Waters Dec 2007

The Mean Reply Depth Algorithm: A Correlational Study Of Quantitative Versus Qualitative Measures Of Threaded Discourse, Sandie Waters

Sandie H Waters

In the world of online learning, instructors look for the keys that open the door to student learning, engagement, satisfaction, retention, and ability to transfer newly acquired knowledge to real-world situations. One of the most common communication tools in online courses is the threaded discussion. With a growing number of students participating in online education comes the potential for an increase in faculty load. The reviewed courses provided over 1500 threads for two sections of a graduate course at a Mountain Region University. The number of threads that are produced by a student accounts for countless hours of reading, processing ...


Ect Cornerstone: Reflections On The Aect Internship Program, Sandie Waters Dec 2006

Ect Cornerstone: Reflections On The Aect Internship Program, Sandie Waters

Sandie H Waters

No abstract provided.


Design Languages, Notation Systems, And Instructional Technology, Sandie Waters, Andrew Gibbons Dec 2003

Design Languages, Notation Systems, And Instructional Technology, Sandie Waters, Andrew Gibbons

Sandie H Waters

Notational systems, used in mature fields of study, are closely related to design languages. The future of a technological field depends on the ability to communicate ideas and changes with others in the field. Instructional technology is one field that can benefit from a notation system enabling designers to duplicate, execute, and communicate their ideas. In this paper, we look at several mature fields, including chemistry, musicology, and choreography, to discover elements where a mature design language and notation system have developed. We illustrate a number of dimensions that can help designers form their design languages and select the characteristics ...