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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Effect Of A College-Going Intervention On The College-Going Self-Efficacy Beliefs Of Middle School Students, Kaley D. Mitchell Jan 2017

The Effect Of A College-Going Intervention On The College-Going Self-Efficacy Beliefs Of Middle School Students, Kaley D. Mitchell

Education Dissertations

The need for students of all backgrounds to access and persist in postsecondary education informs a need for additional support related to postsecondary attainment for all people. Social cognitive theory (SCT; Bandura, 1987) and social cognitive career theory (SCCT; Lent, Brown, & Hackett, 1994) both support the design, implementation, and measurement of college-going interventions that work to enhance self-efficacy, a mediator in college interest, choice, and attendance. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a college-going intervention on the college-going self-efficacy beliefs of a group of diverse middle school students. Specifically, this study examined the effect ...


A Meta-Analysis Of Middle School Science Engagement, Leanna B. Aker Jan 2016

A Meta-Analysis Of Middle School Science Engagement, Leanna B. Aker

Education Dissertations

Researchers and educational practitioners have long been concerned with declines in science engagement reported by students as they transition into the middle school setting. Though the operationalization of engagement is still nascent, an emerging consensus on a three-faceted model of student engagement has recently emerged in the research literature (Fredricks, Blumenfeld, & Paris, 2004). Thus, a synthesis of existing primary research of early adolescents’ science engagement under this emerging conceptualization was warranted. The results of this meta-analysis indicate that instructional methods, class characteristics and competence predictors had the strongest relationship with self-reported science engagement in early adolescence. These predictors also show ...


A Meta-Analysis Of The Effects Of Problem- And Project-Based Learning On Academic Achievement In Grades 6-12 Populations, Kimberly J. Jensen Aug 2015

A Meta-Analysis Of The Effects Of Problem- And Project-Based Learning On Academic Achievement In Grades 6-12 Populations, Kimberly J. Jensen

Education Dissertations

Researchers and proponents of problem- and project-based learning (PBL) indicate that PBL as a curriculum and instruction approach (Savery, 2006; Schmidt, Loyens, Van Gog, & Paas, 2007) provides an effective way for teachers to respond to students’ needs, provides opportunities for students to actively engage in and take responsibility for learning by engaging in meaningful and relevant work, and provides students opportunities to directly apply their knowledge and skills (Hmelo-Silver & DeSimone, 2013; McCombs, 2010; Parker et al., 2011). Although primary research within secondary (6-12) contexts indicated that problem-and project based learning (PBL) is often superior to traditional, lecture-based instruction (Mergendoller, Maxwell, & Bellisimo, 2006; Wirkala & Kuhn, 2011) and meta-analyses at the post-secondary level indicated that PBL is at par with or superior to traditional, lecture-based instruction (Dochy, Segers, Van den Bossche, & Gijbels, 2003; Vernon & Blake, 1993; Walker & Leary, 2009), a synthesized and quantified exploration of the strength of relationship between PBL and academic achievement within middle high school student populations (Grades 6-12) was needed. The results in this meta-analysis indicate that overall, PBL students outperformed traditionally instructed students, g = 0.54, on content and skills exams across academic subject types and grade levels. Analysis of the funnel plot suggests publication bias; however, an adjustment of the mean effect using Duval and Tweedie’s (2000) Trim and Fill rendered a similar summary effect of g = 0.50. Although the mean summary effect is relatively robust, effect sizes varied depending on subject area and specific types of ...


An Investigation Of The Factors That Influence Students’ Long Term Application Of Environmental Literacy Skills, Helena Nitowski May 2015

An Investigation Of The Factors That Influence Students’ Long Term Application Of Environmental Literacy Skills, Helena Nitowski

Education Dissertations

Schools today are commissioned to provide students with a solid foundation in global citizenship. Future leaders must be knowledgeable problem solvers who can apply those skills to better the world. An awareness of global issues along with a sense of urgency and strength to act are needed for the welfare of all. The achievement of these goals must promote active involvement both at the personal and community levels. This research study investigated the factors related to the long-term environmental literacy skills of students who attended a school with an international and global studies curriculum. Within that curriculum, focus was placed ...


The Relationships Of Body Weight Category On School-Related Factors, Suzanne A. Marsan Aug 2014

The Relationships Of Body Weight Category On School-Related Factors, Suzanne A. Marsan

Education Dissertations

This study examined the relationships between Weight Category (healthy-weight and overweight/obese) of middle school students and school-related factors such as academic achievement, number of school absences, student engagement, student self-beliefs, and student interpersonal support. A sample of convenience of teachers (n = 20) and students (n = 227) was taken from a middle school in Connecticut. The teacher participants completed the RAPS-TM for each student in the study which measured teacher perception of student engagement in language arts and mathematics learning activities. The student participants completed the RAPS-SM which measured student perceptions of engagement, self-beliefs, and interpersonal support. In addition, the ...


The Effects Of Gender And Type Of Inquiry Curriculum On Sixth Grade Students’ Science Process Skills And Epistemological Beliefs In Science, Kristy L. Zaleta May 2014

The Effects Of Gender And Type Of Inquiry Curriculum On Sixth Grade Students’ Science Process Skills And Epistemological Beliefs In Science, Kristy L. Zaleta

Education Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of gender and type of inquiry curriculum (open or structured) on science process skills and epistemological beliefs in science of sixth grade students. The current study took place in an urban northeastern middle school. The researcher utilized a sample of convenience comprised of 303 sixth grade students taught by four science teachers on separate teams. The study employed mixed methods with a quasi-experimental design, pretest-posttest comparison group with 17 intact classrooms of students. Students’ science process skills and epistemological beliefs in science (source, certainty, development, and justification) were measured before ...


Effects Of Scaffolding Higher Order Thinking Questions On Reader Self-Efficacy And Critical Thinking Of Sixth Grade Students, Jason L. Mckinnon May 2012

Effects Of Scaffolding Higher Order Thinking Questions On Reader Self-Efficacy And Critical Thinking Of Sixth Grade Students, Jason L. Mckinnon

Education Dissertations

This study examined the potential benefits of instructional strategies that scaffold the development of higher order thinking (HOT) questions on reader self-efficacy and critical thinking. Another goal of this study aimed to investigate the relationship between reader self-efficacy and critical thinking. The explicit instruction of HOT questions involves four steps: (a) selecting Bloom’s revised taxonomy to identify effective question strands; (b) assessing HOT questions use through the Classroom Practice Record (CPR); (c) implementing strategy instruction focusing on explicit scaffolding techniques and allowing time to practice the implementation of strategies during assigned lessons for a period of eight weeks; and ...


An Examination Of Attitudes Toward Mathematics In Student And Parent Self-Perceptions, Holli M. Levy May 2011

An Examination Of Attitudes Toward Mathematics In Student And Parent Self-Perceptions, Holli M. Levy

Education Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to examine the attitudes toward mathematics of students in upper elementary school and middle school. Their perceptions were analyzed by grade level, gender, and in comparison to the attitudes of their parents (or primary care givers). What teachers, administrators, and support staff do in the classroom is a vital element in the development of attitudes and achievement in the area of mathematics for all students. When the child leaves the school environs, he or she is exposed to a myriad of behaviors, attitudes, and opportunities with respect to mathematics, both positive and negative. Since ...


The Effects Of An Anti-Cyberbullying Program On Decreasing The Number Of Aggressive Experiences For Students While Using Digital Technology, Patricia-Ann Schullery Corso May 2010

The Effects Of An Anti-Cyberbullying Program On Decreasing The Number Of Aggressive Experiences For Students While Using Digital Technology, Patricia-Ann Schullery Corso

Education Dissertations

This study examined the effect of an anti-bullying program, Cyberbullying: A Prevention Curriculum for Grades 6 – 12 (Limber, Kowalski & Agatston, 2008). A quasi-experimental post-test design was used to investigate (a) whether or not participation in the program was related to the frequency of aggressive on-line experiences for victims and/or offenders, or cyberbullying, and (b) whether the mode of program delivery (student–led versus teacher-led) had an effect on frequency of aggressive on-line experiences for victims and/or offenders, or cyberbullying. The student led experimental group, as well as the teacher led experimental group, received Cyberbullying: A Prevention Curriculum, while ...


Effects Of Fast Forword On Phonological Awareness And Rapid Naming Skills Of At-Risk Students, Barbara Boller May 2010

Effects Of Fast Forword On Phonological Awareness And Rapid Naming Skills Of At-Risk Students, Barbara Boller

Education Dissertations

The current study examined the efficacy of Fast ForWord, a computer-based intervention designed to improve the auditory processing skills associated with language development and the subsequent acquisition of reading skills. The study used a randomized pre-test and post-test control design to examine the impact of Fast ForWord on the phonological awareness and rapid naming skills, of students who have failed to meet proficiency on the Connecticut Mastery Test in Reading as measured by the Comprehensive Test of Phonological Processing. The sample was recruited from a target population of 78 students from an urban school, between grades four and eight who ...


An Exploratory Study Of Instructional Practices For Heritage Language Learners In Traditional Middle School Spanish, Stacy M. Bernstein May 2008

An Exploratory Study Of Instructional Practices For Heritage Language Learners In Traditional Middle School Spanish, Stacy M. Bernstein

Education Dissertations

The national increase of Latinos has resulted in an increase in students who speak Spanish. The major topic in this study was the instructional practices used by Middle School Languages Other Than English (LOTE) Spanish teachers when working with Heritage Language Learners (HLLs). HLLs have different needs from those of the traditional LOTE student. Recent literature has focused on HLLs at the elementary, high school, and university levels. Researchers have suggested activities to meet the needs of HLLs, but there is little evidence that teachers utilize these suggestions.

This multiple case study sought to determine how teachers modify instructional practices ...


A Comparison Of Teachers’ Perceptions Of The Leadership Styles Of Middle School Principals And Instructional Leaders And Their Relationship To Teachers’ Perceptions Of School Climate, Jessica Lynn Devine May 2008

A Comparison Of Teachers’ Perceptions Of The Leadership Styles Of Middle School Principals And Instructional Leaders And Their Relationship To Teachers’ Perceptions Of School Climate, Jessica Lynn Devine

Education Dissertations

The purpose of the research study was to (a) determine how teachers’ perceptions of the leadership styles (transformational, transactional, and passive) of middle school principals and instructional leaders differed; (b) identify the extent to which teachers’ perceptions of the leadership styles (transformational, transactional, and passive) of school leaders (principal and instructional leader) predicted the teacher and principal behavior variables of school climate; and (c) determine the effects of the type of agreement (high-high, high-low, low-high, and low-low) between the school leaders’ (principal and instructional leader) self-perceptions and teachers’ perceptions of the school leaders’ transformational leadership style on the teacher and ...