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Full-Text Articles in Education

Reading Attitudes, Achievement And Motivation Of Adult Male Prison Inmates, Kathleen M. Gould May 1993

Reading Attitudes, Achievement And Motivation Of Adult Male Prison Inmates, Kathleen M. Gould

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is a strong relationship between reading attitudes and achievement of adult male inmates and what motivates them to want to learn to read. Eighty (80) inmates enrolled in the Pre-GED classes at a medium security prison in western New York were given a reading attitude inventory designed by the researcher based on the Estes Reading Attitude Scale. Reading scores for each student were also gathered from the TABE test. The relationship of the attitude inventory and achievement was then analyzed. It was found that in this study, reading attitude was ...


A Study To Determine The Correlation Between School Attendance And The Passing Rate On The Virginia Literacy Passport Test At Rosemont Middle School 1990-1992, Victoria R. Porter Jan 1993

A Study To Determine The Correlation Between School Attendance And The Passing Rate On The Virginia Literacy Passport Test At Rosemont Middle School 1990-1992, Victoria R. Porter

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

Examination of the following questions established a relationship between school attendance and the passing rater of the test: 1. Did students with high attendance records earn higher test scores? 2. Did students with low school attendance records earn lower test scores? 3. Is there a relationship between Literacy Passport Test Scores and school attendance?


A Study To Determine If Telecommunications Can Be Used As A Medium To Teach Basic Literacy Skills To Illiterate Adults In Virginia, Joan Hairston Jones Jan 1993

A Study To Determine If Telecommunications Can Be Used As A Medium To Teach Basic Literacy Skills To Illiterate Adults In Virginia, Joan Hairston Jones

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The following goals were selected to guide this study: 1. Determine which methods have been used and how successful they have been in the past to teach basic literacy skills to illiterate adults; 2. Determine the methods currently being used to supplement classroom instruction; 3. Determine how receptive adults are to self-paced, self-directed methods; 4. Determine the type of problems experienced using telecommunications to teach literacy skills.


Let's Decode: Inservice Manual, P. J. Formentin Jan 1993

Let's Decode: Inservice Manual, P. J. Formentin

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

This manual contains inservice material that was prepared for a research project that came to be known as Let's Decode. My motive for publishing the material in this form is to make it available to other teachers who may wish to apply the same principles and procedures in their own classrooms. Typically, they will be teachers who are concerned about children experiencing difficulty learning to read, and teachers responsible for students with special education needs. I am confident that regular classroom teachers will also find the material valuable for all children in the early stages of learning to read ...


The Continuity Of Literacy Development: Kindergarten To Year 1, Lennie Barblett Jan 1993

The Continuity Of Literacy Development: Kindergarten To Year 1, Lennie Barblett

Theses : Honours

The purpose of this study was to investigate the continuity of strategies and provisions that teachers use to develop children's literacy in kindergarten and Year 1. In two metropolitan Ministry of Education districts, 27 kindergarten and 25 Year 1 teachers completed a questionnaire concerning issues relating to literacy development in these two educational settings. From this population four teachers were interviewed to investigate areas of interest that arose from the questionnaire. The results showed that kindergarten and Year 1 teachers differed in the selection of strategies and provisions to promote literacy in young children. There was a clear delineation ...


The Influence Of Teachers' Beliefs On Literacy Instruction For At-Risk First Graders: A Multiple Case Study, Sylvia P Maxson Jan 1993

The Influence Of Teachers' Beliefs On Literacy Instruction For At-Risk First Graders: A Multiple Case Study, Sylvia P Maxson

UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations

Through a multiple case study design the influence of teachers' beliefs on literacy instruction for at-risk first graders was examined and described. A volunteer sample included five female teachers who taught in different high risk schools within the same school district. Five research questions guided the study: (1) What are teachers' beliefs about instructing young at-risk children to read and write? (2) What do teachers say they do as they instruct young at-risk children to read and write? (3) What do teachers actually do as they instruct young at-risk children to read and write? (4) What influences teachers' instructional decisions ...


Developing A Measure Of Student Literacy Competencies At A Tertiary Level Using Rasch Measurement, Barry Sheridan, Les Puhl Jan 1993

Developing A Measure Of Student Literacy Competencies At A Tertiary Level Using Rasch Measurement, Barry Sheridan, Les Puhl

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

This paper reports an Australian investigation into concerns about student writing at University level and the construction of an objective measure of literacy. The English Skills Assessment (ESA) test, involving multiple choice items, and an essay, marked according to specified criteria, was administered to newly enrolled students (N = 495) in a University's Education programme. Analyses reveal inconsistencies between subtests of the ESA test, but the written test shows more promise. While some association is observed between the two measures, comparable subtests (such as spelling, punctuation, sentence structure) do not appear to be measuring the same thing.


Critical Literacy And Postcolonial Praxis: A Freirian Perspective, Peter Mclaren Oct 1992

Critical Literacy And Postcolonial Praxis: A Freirian Perspective, Peter Mclaren

Education Faculty Articles and Research

"This essay examines the relationship among language, experience, and historical agency. It does so in the context of recent work in critical literacy and critical pedagogy. My discussion takes its bearings from the work of Brazilian educator Paulo Freire, described in a recent interview with Carlos Alberto Torres as "the prime 'animateur' for pedagogical innovation and change in the second half of this century" (12). In part this essay stands as a poststructuralist and postcolonialist rereading of Freire that, while to a certain extent "reinventing" his work in light of perspectives selectively culled from contemporary social theory, attempts to remain ...


The Nllia Esl Development Project And Assessment In The Curriculum, Tom Lumley, Penny Mckay Dec 1991

The Nllia Esl Development Project And Assessment In The Curriculum, Tom Lumley, Penny Mckay

Dr Tom Lumley

This article outlines the ESL Development or the ESL Profiles Project, abbreviated terms for the National Languages and Literacy Institute of Australia (NLLIA) ESL Development Project: Language and Literacy in Schools. A brief introduction to the project and two of its principal components: the ESL Bandscales and the Exemplar Assessment Activities with accompanying Observation Guides for each macro-skill, are included in this article.


Laubach In India: 1935 To 1970, S. Y. Shah Oct 1991

Laubach In India: 1935 To 1970, S. Y. Shah

The Courier

Dr. Frank C. Laubach, missionary and adult educator, dedicated his life to the cause of literacy for development and world peace. During his travels to 103 countries, he worked toward helping some 60 to 100 million people become literate. In addition, he founded or helped found four literacy organizations, including Laubach Literacy International; wrote forty books on adult education, Christian religion, world politics, and culture; and co-authored literacy primers in more than 300 languages. He was awarded four honorary doctorates—one of them from Syracuse University.

Although Laubach worked in many other countries, it is said that his heart was ...


Who Is Teaching Our Children To Spell? The Literacy Crisis In Teacher Education., Owen F. Watts Jan 1991

Who Is Teaching Our Children To Spell? The Literacy Crisis In Teacher Education., Owen F. Watts

Australian Journal of Teacher Education

Anyone engaged in marking student essays at tertiary level today cannot fail but to be aware of the increasing inability of students to express themselves in grammatically correct and cogent argument. The problem is even more serious when is prevalent among those students who are studying to become teachers. Lists of "school-boy howlers" derived from the students' essays are no longer funny, rather they are symptomatic of a crisis in literacy that is facing the educational systems of the nation. Testing of students within the Faculty of Education at Curtin University has shown that passes in Year 12 English examinations ...


Critical Thinking In Reading: A Whole Language Approach, Deborah Anne Adkins Dec 1990

Critical Thinking In Reading: A Whole Language Approach, Deborah Anne Adkins

Critical and Creative Thinking Capstones Collection

The importance of good instruction in reading education has long been recognized. What constitutes good instruction and what materials should be used have been the focus of much debate, however, over the years. Two relatively new movements in education have recently added fuel to that debate, namely the movements in critical thinking and whole language. The fundamental purpose of the thinking skills movement is the development of higher level thinking in students. In the area of reading this means that students should be challenged by questions and problems in literature which cause them to go beyond a literal understanding. They ...


An Investigation Of Public Library Summer Reading Programs: Examining Common Principles For Motivation Of Leisure Time Readers, Virginia Hughes May 1990

An Investigation Of Public Library Summer Reading Programs: Examining Common Principles For Motivation Of Leisure Time Readers, Virginia Hughes

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This investigation was conducted by interviewing twelve children’s librarians, visiting nine summer library programs, and corresponding with two librarians to gather information about their programs. The purpose of the investigation was to research the commonalities in programs and the ideas that librarians use to motivate leisure time readers. This study describes some of the attributes of summer leisure reading library programs and identifies commonalities in their goals and program guidelines. Also examined was the range of possibilities for summer programs and ideas for implementation.

From the information gathered in this investigation, it can be concluded that there are several ...


The Limits Of Linear Modes Of Inquiry Into Naturalistic World-Views: A Case Study Of Cherokee Culture, Karen L. Sorensen, Charles G. Wieder Jan 1990

The Limits Of Linear Modes Of Inquiry Into Naturalistic World-Views: A Case Study Of Cherokee Culture, Karen L. Sorensen, Charles G. Wieder

Journal of Social Theory in Art Education

We begin with the cultural-anthropological assumption that a people’s world-view is based in concepts of time and process, and is reflected in the ceremonies, customs, rituals, and other traditional patterns of social conduct within the society. In a case study of the Native American Cherokee, linear modes of inquiry, characteristic of Western science, are shown to be limited in their capacity to examine and appreciate these dimensions of culture in pre-literate societies. It is suggested that those aspects of our own culture which are grounded in aesthetic value may also be relatively inaccessible for the same reason. By examining ...


The Relationship Between Reading Comprehension And Self-Esteem In Low Level Reading Adults, Judy Rosen Heumann Jan 1990

The Relationship Between Reading Comprehension And Self-Esteem In Low Level Reading Adults, Judy Rosen Heumann

Dissertations and Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if a correlation existed between reading comprehension and self-esteem in adults with no reading ability to adults reading at the fifth grade level. Reading comprehension was measured by the comprehension section of the Brigance Diagnostic Comprehensive Inventory of Basic Skills in half year increments after primer level, from lower first to upper third grade. Full year increments were indicated from fourth through ninth grade. Self-esteem was self-reported through use of the Counseling form of the Tennessee Self Concept Scale. Data were collected during Fall term, 1989 (September through December) at Portland Community ...


Adult Literacy And Basic Education Into The 1990'S, Bill Bradshaw, Daryl Evans, Dave Tout, Aileen Treloar, Peter Waterhouse Dec 1989

Adult Literacy And Basic Education Into The 1990'S, Bill Bradshaw, Daryl Evans, Dave Tout, Aileen Treloar, Peter Waterhouse

David (Dave) Tout

No abstract provided.


Art And Literacy : A Study Of Young Children's Art In The Development Of Their Literacy, Bonnie R. Perkins May 1989

Art And Literacy : A Study Of Young Children's Art In The Development Of Their Literacy, Bonnie R. Perkins

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to examine young children's art in the development of their literacy. Twenty children, involved in a literature-based art program, were observed and interviewed after the completion of various literacy episodes involving their art work. The children's art work was classified and described according to the characteristics of the literacy episodes and the samples that were produced. The responses to the interview questions were " descriptively analyzed. The results of this study indicate a strong interaction of reading, writing, listening, speaking, and children's art work in their literacy development. Children like to draw at home ...


A Hands-On Approach To Literature: Designing A Grade 1-3 Whole Language Literature Unit, Bonnie L. Griffith Jan 1989

A Hands-On Approach To Literature: Designing A Grade 1-3 Whole Language Literature Unit, Bonnie L. Griffith

Theses Digitization Project

No abstract provided.


Maine Literacy Coalition, Department Of Educational And Cultural Services Jan 1988

Maine Literacy Coalition, Department Of Educational And Cultural Services

Maine Collection

Maine Literacy Coalition

Department of Educational and Cultural Services, Bureau of Adult and Secondary Vocational Education, State House - Station #23, Augusta, Maine (1988).


A Comparative Analysis Of Comprehension Questions In Three California State-Adopted Spanish And English Basal Readers, Ana Maria Bonilla Jan 1988

A Comparative Analysis Of Comprehension Questions In Three California State-Adopted Spanish And English Basal Readers, Ana Maria Bonilla

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to determine if there was a variation in the number of questions within a given taxonomy level between parallel Spanish and English basal readers at primary grade levels. A secondary purpose was to determine if questions in parallel Spanish and English series, that extended to fourth grade, facilitated the transition from the Spanish to the English reader. Specifically, the tasks to be accomplished in the study were: (1) to classify reading questions contained in California state-adopted parallel Spanish and English basal readers utilizing Barrett's Taxonomy, (2) to determine the number of questions ...


A Second Chance: Meeting The Needs Of Adult Learners, Elizabeth F. Fideler Jan 1987

A Second Chance: Meeting The Needs Of Adult Learners, Elizabeth F. Fideler

New England Journal of Public Policy

Changing demographics and economic factors are focusing national attention on adult learning as a major resource for solving many of the nation 's social and economic dilemmas. However, adult learners, the poor especially, face obstacles to educational advancement even where tuition is waived or incentive grants are given. Despite the considerable recent growth of adult education, the vast number of those who need it the most are not as yet participating. This article examines adult-education practices and participation in general — in the areas of literacy, occupational education, and higher learning — and conditions in Massachusetts in particular. It explains why higher ...


Aliteracy: The Relationship Between The Electronic Culture And Voluntary Reading, Geraldine H. Aschenbeck Jan 1986

Aliteracy: The Relationship Between The Electronic Culture And Voluntary Reading, Geraldine H. Aschenbeck

UNF Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Aliteracy, the term used to describe those who can read but choose not to do so, has become a grave concern in this country. A review of the literature indicates Americans are choosing to use their leisure time to interact with the electronic media to gather information instead of reading to gain knowledge. The skills of critical thinking and decision making are at stake. Schools and homes who have been successful in teaching the skill or reading must now instill the value of reading in order to preserve the democratic process upon which this country was founded.


Relationships Among Selected Reading, Linguistic, And Piagetian Tasks, Gertrude A. Terrell Dec 1985

Relationships Among Selected Reading, Linguistic, And Piagetian Tasks, Gertrude A. Terrell

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to determine the relationships among Piagetian levels of cognitive development, linguistic skills, and reading achievement in elementary pupils. The subjects were 212 pupils in grades K-3 at a school in Sullivan County, Tennessee. The subjects were administered conservation tests of number, quantity of matter, and length and linguistic tests of syllabication, synthesis of phonemes into words, and analysis of words into phonemes by the researcher. Scores on pre-reading skills from the reading subtests of the Metropolitan Readiness Tests and scores on meaning vocabulary, reading comprehension, and word study skills from the Stanford Achievement Test ...


The Education Of Children With Specific Reading Disabilities In Western Australia : Report To The Minister For Education, Western Australian Council For Special Education Jan 1984

The Education Of Children With Specific Reading Disabilities In Western Australia : Report To The Minister For Education, Western Australian Council For Special Education

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

There are few developmental tasks in a child's life more important than learning to read. There are not many matters which concern parents and teachers more than whether or not a child makes satisfactory progress in learning to read. Parents and teachers are aware that young children soon realize whether or not they are progressing in much the same way as the rest of their peer group. As children move towards the end of primary school and enter secondary school, reading remains a fundamental skill on which so much other learning depends...


The Effectiveness Of Supplementary Computer-Assisted Instruction In Reading At The 4-6 Grade Level (Four-Six), Lois Nentwich Ortmann Jan 1983

The Effectiveness Of Supplementary Computer-Assisted Instruction In Reading At The 4-6 Grade Level (Four-Six), Lois Nentwich Ortmann

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of supplementary computer-assisted instruction in raising the reading achievement of Chapter I pupils in grades 4, 5 and 6. There were 340 subjects in the sample, students in the Manteca Unified School District. Subjects were assigned to either the Experimental or Control Group based on their Reading Subtest scores on the Comprehensive Tests of Basic Skills.


An Investigation On The Effect Of Context Method Versus The Traditional Dictionary Method On Vocabulary Development, Laurie Ault Dec 1982

An Investigation On The Effect Of Context Method Versus The Traditional Dictionary Method On Vocabulary Development, Laurie Ault

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of a context approach to vocabulary instruction versus a more traditional dictionary method of vocabulary instruction. Research favored the use of context for teaching vocabulary in a meaningful way. Words acquire meaning for a person after they have been seen and heard in relation to familiar concepts. A student's personal experiences should also be fully utilized in both vocabulary and concept development.

This study combined the areas of personal experience and use of context. The study involved thirty high school students who were randomly assigned to two groups. One ...


Teaching Esl Literacy To The Functionally Illiterate Adult: Using Language Experience And Words In Color, Kimberly Gerould Jan 1982

Teaching Esl Literacy To The Functionally Illiterate Adult: Using Language Experience And Words In Color, Kimberly Gerould

MA TESOL Collection

This thesis attempts to arrive at a personal approach to teaching reading in English as a second language to functionally illiterate adults in a multilingual ESL classroom. There is a brief review of some of the research on teaching reading and on the reading process, as well as a review of the major teaching reading methodologies. Two approaches to teaching reading, the Language Experience Approach and Words in Color, are then focused on. The author suggests ways in which these two approaches can be adapted to the adult ESL classroom and integrated with other approaches. Finally, a series of concrete ...


A Study Of The Effect Of Selected Teaching Strategies On Creative Thinking Ability And Reading Comprehension, Carol Miller Despos Dec 1980

A Study Of The Effect Of Selected Teaching Strategies On Creative Thinking Ability And Reading Comprehension, Carol Miller Despos

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if the creative thinking skills of third and fourth grade students could be enhanced by the use of selected teaching strategies designed to stimulate fluency, flexibility, originality and elaboration. A second purpose was to investigate the relationship between creative thinking and reading.

The subjects were third and fourth graders who were all members of the same racially integrated, homogeneously grouped classroom in an urban elementary school. A control group and a treatment group were formed. Both groups were found to be statistically equivalent in reading ability and creative thinking ability when pretested ...


The Population-Food Squeeze: Education For Survival, N. Keith Roberts Apr 1980

The Population-Food Squeeze: Education For Survival, N. Keith Roberts

USU Faculty Honor Lectures

One in every four people living on our planet goes to bed hungry each day, and many more survive on inadequate diets only to die prematurely. At the same time, many of the world's natural resources are producing food far below their potential. Almost 25 percent of the Earth's adult population are illiterate, and many more are severely deficient in basic educational skills.


An Esl Program With Laotian Refugees, Patricia A. Ryan-Croes Jan 1980

An Esl Program With Laotian Refugees, Patricia A. Ryan-Croes

MA TESOL Collection

This project is a report on an ESL program developed for and taught to a Laotian couple who arrived in Brattleboro, Vermont in December 1979. The program took place from January to March 1980. The purpose of this report is to present and discuss issues, incidents, suggestions and conclusions regarding the teaching of ESL to Laotian refugees which may be helpful to program organizers and teachers.

The first part of the report details the refugee couple's background before their arrival in Brattleboro. Next is a description of the process of organizing the program and establishing the classroom procedure. This ...