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Literacy

2016

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Articles 1 - 30 of 137

Full-Text Articles in Education

Water Play, Jane E. Cline, Brandy A. Smith Dec 2016

Water Play, Jane E. Cline, Brandy A. Smith

Journal of STEM Arts, Crafts, and Constructions

The inclusion of activities to develop sensory awareness, spatial thinking, and physical dexterity, operationalized through hands-on science lessons such as water play, have long been part of early childhood education. This practical article addresses Next Generation Science Standards K-2 ETS1-3 and K-2 ETS1-2 by having four-year-old prekindergarten students direct the path of water on a vertical pegboard water table with strategically-placed, attached plastic cups with holes drilled into them that leak streams of water into each other. Students enhanced their retelling of the story of the Billy Goats Gruff by placing student-made watercolor artwork along the path of the water ...


How Choice Influences Student Engagement And Motivation: A Case Study, Natalie K. Memmel Dec 2016

How Choice Influences Student Engagement And Motivation: A Case Study, Natalie K. Memmel

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This capstone explores how choice influences student motivation and engagement in literacy. With observations, student and parent interviews, literacy based activities, and a student self-reflection. The participant is studied based on his motivation and engagement when choice is provided and when it is not. The parent participant is studied based on her parental involvement and influence on the student participant. The purpose of this study is to gain insight on how to implement choice for this specific student in and outside of the classroom, and how that influences his motivation and engagement in literacy. The study also aims to get ...


Factors That Influence The Gap In Literacy Achievement For Emergent Literacy Male Students, Samantha Tumminelli Dec 2016

Factors That Influence The Gap In Literacy Achievement For Emergent Literacy Male Students, Samantha Tumminelli

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The article discusses the need of utilizing student choice in literacy materials within the classroom, especially with emerging male students. It states the gender gap that is seen between male and female students, and how important it is to attempt to close that gap. The author explores the role that student choice has on increasing student engagement, and levels of interest.


Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder And Reading Comprehension: What Works And What Does Not?, Hannah Kruger Dec 2016

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder And Reading Comprehension: What Works And What Does Not?, Hannah Kruger

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative case study explores the impact Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder has upon literacy learning. The purpose of this research is to not only explore the nature of FASD, but also aid in expanding the understanding of teachers and educators regarding particular teaching and learning strategies that may address the unique literacy needs of students diagnosed with FASD. Four reading comprehension strategies were introduced to the research participant over twelve weeks; the participant indicated that two of the strategies were most beneficial because they were not only highly structured, but also contained clear steps to follow, allowing for greater ease ...


Using The Ideological Model Of Literacy To Approach Early Childhood, Instruction, And Assessment, Kelly M. Horn Dec 2016

Using The Ideological Model Of Literacy To Approach Early Childhood, Instruction, And Assessment, Kelly M. Horn

Literacy Education Plan B

This paper explores the ideological model of literacy as a means to perceive early childhood literacy development as well as inform instruction and assessment in the classroom. This model suggests that literacy and its uses are dependent on social contexts whereas the autonomous model views literacy as a set of defined skills to be mastered. Young children have developed as literate people before formal schooling begins because they have grown up observing the literate behaviors of adults. By becoming culturally- and socially-responsive, teachers can use this knowledge to advise their instruction and incorporate outside of school literacies into the classroom ...


Differentiating Instruction Through Math Stations And Literacy Centers, Olivia Bates Dec 2016

Differentiating Instruction Through Math Stations And Literacy Centers, Olivia Bates

Faculty Curated Undergraduate Works

Differentiating instruction based on students’ readiness, interests, and learning profiles is essential for creating effective and meaningful learning activities. Identifying these characteristics allows teachers to meet students’ needs and engage them in learning. By differentiating instruction, educators target specific students’ strengths and challenges in developing lessons to support their understanding of content. Two useful strategies for differentiating math and literacy instruction include stations and centers. In stations and centers, students work on specific skills catered to their educational needs while rotating activities in flexible groups. This guide supports teachers in identifying strategies and understanding the benefits of differentiating math and ...


How Can Science And Literacy Be Integrated In A Fifth Grade Cirriculum?, Kathryn J. Hellen Dec 2016

How Can Science And Literacy Be Integrated In A Fifth Grade Cirriculum?, Kathryn J. Hellen

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

The research question addressed in this capstone was, How can science and literacy be integrated in a fifth grade curriculum? This capstone describes current research in science education, reading motivation and engagement, and the science and literacy connection. The goal of this capstone was to create a unit that would captivate students’ interests in science and use that interest as a catalyst to grow their literacy skills. This unit is designed to be used in a 5th grade Spanish immersion classroom centered on the themes of life science and non-fiction reading. The accompanying curriculum utilizes the Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction (CORI ...


What Instructional Strategies Are Effective For Increasing Vocabulary For English Language Learners In A Preschool Classroom?, Nicole Carter Dec 2016

What Instructional Strategies Are Effective For Increasing Vocabulary For English Language Learners In A Preschool Classroom?, Nicole Carter

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

The research question addressed in this project is What Instructional Strategies are Effective for Increasing Vocabulary for English Language Learners in a Preschool Classroom? Teaching students who are limited in their understanding of the English language can be a daunting tasks; since students speak their native languages at home, making it difficult for teachers to communicate with them. This topic is significant because there has been a rapid increase in English language learners in the United States with the gap in achievement between ELLs and their English speaking peers. The purpose of the research is to find ways to increase ...


Best Practices For Co-Teaching Literacy In The Secondary Language Arts Classroom, Anne Robenhorst Dec 2016

Best Practices For Co-Teaching Literacy In The Secondary Language Arts Classroom, Anne Robenhorst

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the best practices for co-teaching literacy in the secondary language arts classroom. Participants of the study included 34 tenth grade students in a co-taught English class who completed anonymous questionnaires, and two language arts teachers, one special education teacher and one assistant principal were interviewed. Qualitative data was gathered regarding academic grades and state testing scores in the area of reading. The student survey feedback indicated positive perceptions related to the co-taught environment, primarily increased writing skills. Teacher interviews highlighted the most effective co-teaching models and stressed the importance of strong administrative ...


How Anchor Charts Can Engage Students In Interactive Read-Alouds, Christine Simmet Dec 2016

How Anchor Charts Can Engage Students In Interactive Read-Alouds, Christine Simmet

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

The research question explored and answered in this project was, can anchor charts make readalouds more interactive and engaging? This project documents the exploration and creation of anchor charts in a read-aloud setting. In conjunction with the Journeys’ (2009) curriculum the researcher created four anchor charts with a goal to create more engagement and increase the interactive quality of read-alouds. The researcher utilizes different types of anchor charts to see student engagement responses. She details the literature surrounding anchor charts as well as giving some background regarding read- alouds and engagement strategies for young learners. The researcher then describes the ...


Infographic: Australia’S Pisa Performance Over Time, Jo Earp Dec 2016

Infographic: Australia’S Pisa Performance Over Time, Jo Earp

Teacher infographics

A report on the 2015 Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) results examines trends in Australia's average performance and the change in the percentages of students considered 'high' and 'low' performers.


Technology Effects On Motivation To Read: A Case Study Through Teacher Candidates, Jessica West Dec 2016

Technology Effects On Motivation To Read: A Case Study Through Teacher Candidates, Jessica West

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Technology is increasingly affecting literacy engagement of everyone. It is the job of the teacher to bring technology and literacy into the classroom, as this increases motivation and engagement. Using a series of interviews, a survey, and a daily-log, participants were examined in order to collect qualitative data on motivation to read through technology and technology usage in the classroom. It has been determined that 1.) Social networking is a daily involvement, 2.) Readers are motivated through choice, and 3.) Social networking in the classroom is dependent by many factors. More specifically, reading is motivated through social networks by the ...


Merging Professional Academic Literacies And Identities: Four Case Studies Of New Phds Working In Composition, Kathleen Vacek Dec 2016

Merging Professional Academic Literacies And Identities: Four Case Studies Of New Phds Working In Composition, Kathleen Vacek

Theses and Dissertations (All)

This dissertation is a literacy-and-identity study (Moje & Luke, 2009) of four women who have recently earned PhDs in English with doctoral training in composition, are working in higher education as composition teachers, and are writing for academic publication. Situated theoretically within the social-practice perspective of academic literacies (Lillis & Scott, 2007) and of writer identity as a discoursal construct (Ivanič, 1998), this dissertation uses a case study design (Stake, 1995, 2006) to learn about the identities and literacies of these new PhDs as they work on professional academic writing from diverse institutional contexts in the United States. Data were collected through interviews covering the new PhDs’ literacy histories, personal and professional histories, and present contexts; manuscript discussions about a professional academic text in progress; the new PhDs’ CVs; and a participant check in which each new PhD reflected and commented on her case report.

The study contributes to literature on professional academic literacies, professional academic identities, early career academics, and professional issues in composition. The results of the study illustrate how professional academic literacies and identities shape and are shaped by each other. In keeping with case study methodology’s priority on understanding a bounded case in its context, chapters four through seven present each participant’s individual ...


The Effects Of Implementing Close Reading In A Third, Fourth, And Fifth Grade Public School Setting To Improve Student Achievement, Cory Valentine Dec 2016

The Effects Of Implementing Close Reading In A Third, Fourth, And Fifth Grade Public School Setting To Improve Student Achievement, Cory Valentine

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

The purpose of this ex-post facto, causal-comparative study is to determine the effects of close reading on student achievement. Close reading is a strategy developed through literary criticism and the influences of I. A. Richards and the New Critics. This study analyzes close reading to determine the most efficient practice to help students develop critical reading, thinking, and written communication skills. The researcher examined 2013 to 2015 New York State English Language Arts Exam data from 10 school districts located in the Broome-Tioga BOCES Region. For the study, 6,040 student exams in Grades 3, 4, and 5 were analyzed ...


Examining The Effects Of Houghton Mifflin Harcourt's Read 180 Program On Reading Achievement And Self-Efficacy In Middle Schools, Amanda Michelle Cox Dec 2016

Examining The Effects Of Houghton Mifflin Harcourt's Read 180 Program On Reading Achievement And Self-Efficacy In Middle Schools, Amanda Michelle Cox

Education Dissertations and Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine if improving reading achievement through Houghton Mifflin Harcourt’s (HMH) READ 180 program impacted a student’s reading self-efficacy. Of the students participating in this study, particular attention was placed on the factors of gender, ethnicity, and the length of time students were exposed to HMH’s READ 180 program.

The setting for this research was three middle schools in upstate South Carolina. The schools sampled were from a combination of urban, suburban, and rural populations. The study’s methodology was quantitative and correlational.

When reviewing the results of the study, the ...


How Does The Development Of Early Literacy Skills And The Partnership Between A Child’S Home And School Promote Literacy Success?, Teri Greenstein Nov 2016

How Does The Development Of Early Literacy Skills And The Partnership Between A Child’S Home And School Promote Literacy Success?, Teri Greenstein

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

The research question addressed in this capstone was, How does the development of early literacy skills and the partnership between a child’s home and school promote literacy success? This capstone describes the foundational early literacy skills necessary for literacy success for students, and discusses ways that school and home can collaborate towards ensuring that students are effectively prepared for literacy learning as they begin their formal schooling. The goal of the capstone project was to provide families with tools and resources that can be used to help them develop more effective literacy learning for their children.


Infographic: Frequency And Enjoyment Of Writing And Reading, Jo Earp Nov 2016

Infographic: Frequency And Enjoyment Of Writing And Reading, Jo Earp

Teacher infographics

The National Literacy Trust (UK) annual literacy survey asks eight- to 18-year-olds about writing frequency and their enjoyment of writing. Here are some of the results and comparisons with the Trust's data on reading.


How Vocabulary Word Selection, Instructional Strategies, And Assessments Affect Student Retention Of Newly Learned Words, Amber Rustand Nov 2016

How Vocabulary Word Selection, Instructional Strategies, And Assessments Affect Student Retention Of Newly Learned Words, Amber Rustand

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

Vocabulary word selection and instruction is hard for educators to grasp, with so many methods to choose from. Focusing on the question of How does the selection of vocabulary words, instruction, and assessment affect the retention of newly learned vocabulary? leads us to our answer. The capstone study focusing around this question made it evident that educators need to select words from text, differ instruction throughout a two-week time frame, and assess on between eight and twelve words for every two-week period. Students need to be given time to connect and work with the words that are new to them ...


Poetry Is Powerful: High School Students And Pre-Service Teachers Develop Literacy Relationships Through Poetry, Susanne L. Nobles, Amy Price Azano Nov 2016

Poetry Is Powerful: High School Students And Pre-Service Teachers Develop Literacy Relationships Through Poetry, Susanne L. Nobles, Amy Price Azano

Teaching/Writing: The Journal of Writing Teacher Education

Teaching poetry can serve as a roadblock for many English teachers who lack confidence with the genre. Likewise, high school students struggle reading poetry and creating their own poetic works. In an effort to provide an authentic learning experience for our students, we created a semester-long, collaborative poetry project between our high school and college students. This manuscript provides details about the goals, processes, and takeaways for both groups of participants. The high school students were two classes of freshman-level English students who practiced developing critical literacy skills while reading, reciting, and writing poetry. The college students were pre-service English ...


What Effect Does Full Day Kindergarten Have On Student Achievement In Literacy?, Philip Lee Munkvold Nov 2016

What Effect Does Full Day Kindergarten Have On Student Achievement In Literacy?, Philip Lee Munkvold

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

Kindergarten has undergone continuous change since its inception in 1837. Minnesota’s kindergarten program experienced a substantial transformation during the 2014-2015 academic year by offering full-day kindergarten at no cost. Students attending full-day kindergarten will receive twice the amount of instruction as years past, prompting a study on what effect this may have on student achievement. This capstone uses a combination of surveys, assessments, and interviews with to help answer the research question, What effect does full day kindergarten have on student achievement in literacy? Research concludes that full-day kindergarten has a positive impact on student achievement in literacy in ...


When Theory Doesn't Necessarily Meet Practice. A Book Review Of Youth, Critical Literacies, And Civic Engagement: Arts, Media And Literacy In The Lives Of Adolescents, Matthew Goldwasser Nov 2016

When Theory Doesn't Necessarily Meet Practice. A Book Review Of Youth, Critical Literacies, And Civic Engagement: Arts, Media And Literacy In The Lives Of Adolescents, Matthew Goldwasser

Democracy and Education

A book review of Youth, Critical Literacies, and Civic Engagement by T. Rogers, K.-L. Winters, M. Perry, and A.M. LaMonde. In Youth, Critical Literacies, and Civic Engagement, the authors presented three analytic vignettes from field work at three sites where youth employed either writing and publishing, filmmaking, or theater performance to make critical claims about their everyday lives and social issues that directly affect them. The authors used critical theory to link their empirical data to larger enterprises of resistance and counter narratives about how society views youth. They further posited that these efforts are examples of civic ...


Media Literacy As Mindful Practice For Democratic Education. A Response To “Transaction Circles With Digital Texts As A Foundation For Democratic Practices”, Theresa Redmond Nov 2016

Media Literacy As Mindful Practice For Democratic Education. A Response To “Transaction Circles With Digital Texts As A Foundation For Democratic Practices”, Theresa Redmond

Democracy and Education

This essay is a response to Brown’s (2015) article describing her strategy of transaction circles as a student-centered, culturally responsive, and democratic literacy practice. In my response, I provide further evidence from the field of media literacy education (MLE) that serves to enhance Brown’s argument for using transaction circles in order to promote democratic discourse, specifically augmenting her ideas by connecting the purposes and processes of transaction circles with key implications of media literacy pedagogy. I invite Brown to consider how her concept of transaction circles may be extended in three ways: (a) through acknowledging the indispensable role ...


The Common Core And Democratic Education: Examining Potential Costs And Benefits To Public And Private Autonomy, Benjamin J. Bindewald, Rory P. Tannebaum, Patrick Womac Nov 2016

The Common Core And Democratic Education: Examining Potential Costs And Benefits To Public And Private Autonomy, Benjamin J. Bindewald, Rory P. Tannebaum, Patrick Womac

Democracy and Education

This conceptual paper assesses prevalent critiques of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) and analyzes content from the CCSS in language arts and literacy to determine whether the standards are likely to support or undermine key democratic aims of education. The authors conclude that critiques of the CCSS have some merit but are generally overstated and misdirected, and the standards give inadequate attention to the development of public autonomy but an ideal amount of attention to development of private autonomy.


The Effects Of Orton Gillingham Instructional Techniques During Small Group Instruction, Kathleen Tiver Oct 2016

The Effects Of Orton Gillingham Instructional Techniques During Small Group Instruction, Kathleen Tiver

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of leveled literacy through guiding reading and leveled literacy reading in conjunction with supplemental small group instruction utilizing Orton Gillingham techniques. This study was completed in a first grade inclusive classroom. This study was created by results from beginning of the year (September) independent reading assessments. Students who were incorporated into this study as part of the instructional group read at least three grade below excepted level, and were not classified students. Students were monitored and formally assessed at each marking period of the school year to measure successes. Students ...


Accessing Academe, Disabling The Curriculum: Institutional Locations Of Dis/Ability In Public Higher Education, Andrew J. Lucchesi Sep 2016

Accessing Academe, Disabling The Curriculum: Institutional Locations Of Dis/Ability In Public Higher Education, Andrew J. Lucchesi

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The field of Disability Studies has long committed itself to the project of making American colleges and universities more accessible places for disabled faculty, staff, and students. Indeed, many of the field of early ideological roots of the discipline of Disability Studies (DS) emerged from campus-based activist movements. This influence has impacted the ways DS scholars continue to frame their intellectual labor as a progressive public good. In recent years, composition/rhetoric scholars have begun applying DS approaches to questions of pedagogical and professional access as well. These critiques have drawn attention the ways teaching practice, administrative policy, and other ...


A Quantitative And Qualitative Investigation Of Content-Area Literacy Instruction Integrated Into Social Studies Content For Kindergarten - 4th Grade Students, Jennifer E. Lee Aug 2016

A Quantitative And Qualitative Investigation Of Content-Area Literacy Instruction Integrated Into Social Studies Content For Kindergarten - 4th Grade Students, Jennifer E. Lee

Master of Education Research Theses

The objective of this study was to research the impact of short term intensive instruction of content-area literacy strategies on students’ academic success, students’ reading attitudes, and teachers’ perceptions of literacy integration into content-area learning of social studies with Kindergarten through 4th grade students at a private, Christian school. The experimental group of students did not show any statistically significant improvement over the control group of students. However, there was a trend in the experimental Kindergarten and 1st grade groups in which their content-area knowledge post-test scores slightly increased (5% and 10% increase in post-test scores, respectively) with additional literacy ...


The Intersection Of Collaboration, Critical Thinking And Technology: Implications For Adult Esl Learners Using An Inquiry Approach, Mary Elizabeth Zamacona Aug 2016

The Intersection Of Collaboration, Critical Thinking And Technology: Implications For Adult Esl Learners Using An Inquiry Approach, Mary Elizabeth Zamacona

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to determine the types and critical thinking skills used by adult ESL students as they learned technology skills through an inquiry approach. The results are based on the types of critical thinking skills that were utilized by adult students working collaboratively on an Excel computer project. Critical thinking was measured by coding audio recordings using the Transitions Integration Framework’s critical thinking skills category. Data were quantified by frequency of occurrence for each sub skill of critical thinking. Results show the most prominent critical thinking skills used by students in this study are ...


Using Literacy Centers To Support A Balanced Literacy Program In A Pre-K Classroom, Jacquelin Ann Rowan Aug 2016

Using Literacy Centers To Support A Balanced Literacy Program In A Pre-K Classroom, Jacquelin Ann Rowan

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

The question addressed in this research project was, how can using literacy centers support a balanced literacy approach in a Pre-K classroom? The author’s motivation for completeing this capstone was to learn more about balanced literacy and how the use of balanced literacy could support her student’s learning. This capstone describes, in detail, what balanced literacy is, what literacy centers are , and how to use both to create an engaging learning environment for Pre-K students. It also provides guidelines for how to manage literacy centers both in organization of materials and the literacy center time block. Finally, the ...


The Story In The Standards: Creating Counter-Narratives In The Common Core State Standards, Jarret Alexander Smith Aug 2016

The Story In The Standards: Creating Counter-Narratives In The Common Core State Standards, Jarret Alexander Smith

Dissertations

The research question guiding this study is: How might educators create counter-narratives, particularly related to the diversity of texts, experiences and knowledge bases represented in the CCSS? The purpose of this study is to determine the impact of Culturally Relevant Pedagogy on the engagement in literacy acquisition of African American students in middle and high school. The basic framework for this study is situated within and informed by Critical Race Theory (CRT) and Culturally Relevant Pedagogy (CRP). The study focuses on creating counter-narratives for African American students in spite of the silence of the Common Core State Standards on cultural ...


How Reference With Demonstratives Creates Cohesion In A Physical Science Textbook, Amy Marie Petersen Sagrado Aug 2016

How Reference With Demonstratives Creates Cohesion In A Physical Science Textbook, Amy Marie Petersen Sagrado

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

The research question addressed in this project is How are demonstratives used as reference in a 10th grade physical science textbook? The purpose was to inform the instruction of English learners when using a grade level text through a text analysis by understanding how demonstratives are used, whether as a determiner or pronoun, the direction the demonstrative points, the distance to the referent, whether the referent is a noun phrase, clause or inference and the clarity of the referent. Among the findings, it was concluded that demonstrative determiners are used more frequently in text than demonstrative pronouns and tend to ...